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New York City Police Department

New York City Police Department
New York City Police Department Common name Abbreviation New York Police Department NYPD

Patch of the New York City Police Department. Map of New York City Police Department’s jurisdiction. Size Population Shield of the New York City Police Department Legal jurisdiction General nature 468.9 square miles 8,274,527 New York City • Law enforcement • Local civilian police

Operational Structure Headquarters Police Officers Auxiliary Police Officers School Safety Agents Flag of the New York City Police Department. Motto Fidelis ad Mortem Faithful till Death Agency Overview Formed Preceding agency Annual Budget Legal personality 1845 Municipal Police $3.9 Billion Governmental: Government agency Police Commissioner responsible Agency executive Units One Police Plaza 37,838 (2008) 4,500 (2008) 5,000 (2008) Raymond W. Kelly

Joseph Esposito, Chief of Department List Aviation Emergency Service Organized Crime Control Bureau Scuba Team and Harbor Special Victims Major Case Squad Taxi Squad Movie and Television School Safety Real Time Crime Auxiliary Police Crime Scene Evidence Collection Transit Bureau

Jurisdictional Structure Operations jurisdiction* City of New York in the state of New York, United States

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Housing Bureau Highway Patrol Transportation Bureau Boroughs List Manhattan North Manhattan South Brooklyn North Brooklyn South Queens North Queens South Bronx Staten Island

New York City Police Department
detectives to assist officers in the field with their investigations.[3] According to the department, its mission is to "enforce the laws, preserve the peace, reduce fear, and provide for a safe environment." The New York City Transit Police and Housing Police were fully integrated into the NYPD in 1995; Police officers are randomly assigned to the Transit and Housing units upon graduation of the police academy. Members of the NYPD are frequently referred to by the nickname New York’s Finest. The NYPD is headquartered at One Police Plaza located on Park Row across the street from City Hall. The size of the force has fluctuated, depending on crime rates, politics, and available funding. The overall trend, however, shows that the number of sworn officers is decreasing. In June 2004, there were about 40,000 sworn officers plus several thousand support staff; In June 2005, that number dropped to 35,000. As of November 2007, it had increased to slightly over 36,000 with the graduation of several classes from the Police Academy. The NYPD’s current authorized uniformed strength is 37,838.[4] There are also approximately 4,500 Auxiliary Police Officers, 5,000 School Safety Agents, 2,300 Traffic Enforcement Agents, and 370 Traffic Enforcement Supervisors currently employed by the department.

Facilities Commands 76 Precincts 12 Transit Districts 9 Housing Police Service Areas 8,839 27 7 120 31 German Shepherds 3 Bloodhounds

Police cars Police boats Helicopters Horses Dogs Website Official Site Footnotes

* Divisional agency: Division of the country, over which the agency has usual operational jurisdiction.

The New York City Police Department (NYPD), established in 1845, is currently the largest police force in the United States,[1] with primary responsibilities in law enforcement and investigation within the five boroughs of New York City. The NYPD was the first police department in the United States.[2]

History Salary and retention issues
After years of bitter wrangling that saw starting pay for new officers fall to as low as $25,100 a year, the city and the Patrolmen’s Benevolent Association on Aug. 21, 2008 reached agreement on a new four-year contract.[5] The contract, which runs from August 1, 2006 to July 31, 2010, gives police officers a 17 percent pay raise over its four-year life, and raises starting pay from $35,881 to $41,975, and top pay from $65,382 to approximately $76,000 annually. With longevity pay, holiday pay, night shift differential and other additions, the total annual compensation for officers receiving top pay will be approximately $91,823, not including overtime.

Overview
The NYPD has a broad array of specialized services, including tactical operations, K-9, harbor patrol, air support, bomb disposal, counter-terrorism, intelligence, anti-gang, narcotics, public transportation, and public housing. NYPD has extensive crime scene investigation and laboratory resources, as well as units which assist with computer crime investigations. The NYPD’s headquarters at One Police Plaza houses an anticrime computer network, essentially a large search engine and data warehouse operated by

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It should also be noted that this is the first contract since 1994 the Patrolmen’s Benevolent Association and the City of New York mutually agreed on without involving a mediator.[6][7] While an improvement on the expired contract, the new terms still leave a substantial gap between the NYPD and nearby departments that pay considerably more, up to $50,000 for new hires and over $100,000 for more experienced officers.[8] Over the years, hundreds of city officers have left for higher paying jobs with other agencies, notably the Nassau County Police Department, the Suffolk County Police Department, Westchester County police departments, and the Port Authority Police of New York and New Jersey.[9] Discontent over pay issues has become so widespread and so well-known that higher-paying departments in lower cost-of-living areas, such as the Rochester, New York Police,[10] the Albuquerque, New Mexico Police,[11] and the Seattle Police Department,[12] are actively recruiting NYPD officers to join their forces. Police departments in neighboring Rockland County and Westchester County have top base salaries ranging from around $85,000 to $105,000, not counting longevity, uniform pay, overtime and benefits. In 2007 a Westchester County Department of Public Safety officer reportedly made over $250,000 (with overtime), making him the highest paid police officer in the United States. Large numbers of NYPD officers have also migrated to the New York City Fire Department, where, even though pay is comparable with that of the NYPD, work schedules are more attractive and relations with the public more amicable.[13] Contract changes in 2006, however, now forbid the prior practice of allowing police officers who join the fire department to transfer their seniority for compensation purposes. With all new firefighters now compelled to begin working at the same starting pay, the number of NYPD officers "rolling over" to the FDNY is likely to fall considerably.[14] Some NYPD officers charge that the department’s leadership is seeking to stem the flow of officers to other jurisdictions by administrative means.[15] In January 2006, 35 NYPD officers seeking to move to the Port Authority Police sued the New York department, claiming that it was refusing to make their personnel records available to PAPD

New York City Police Department

NYPD graduation ceremony in Madison Square Garden, July 2005. background investigators. The plaintiffs won an injunction at the trial level, but the Appellate Division in January 2007 overturned that ruling and ordered the case to trial. For its part, the NYPD claims its actions are merely in line with the personnel practices of other employers and that there is no "stealth" effort to prevent officers from moving elsewhere. Nonetheless, it is a fact that no NYPD officers have been included in the last two PAPD police academy classes as a result.[16] Despite these obstacles, there are signs that the exodus from the NYPD may be accelerating. In 2007, 990 officers resigned before becoming eligible for retirement, on top of 902 who left in 2006, 867 in 2005 and 635 in 2004, which makes for an attrition rate of around two percent. While Police Commissioner Raymond Kelly insists that figure compares positively with turnover rates in private industry, police union officials note that the proper comparison should be with prior years on the NYPD. In 1991, for example, only 159 officers left early, for an attrition rate of less than one half of one percent.[17][18]

Ranks of the NYPD
There are three career "tracks" in the New York City Police Department. The supervisory track consists of twelve sworn titles (referred to as ranks). Promotion to the ranks of sergeant, lieutenant, and captain are made via competitive civil service examinations. Promotion to the ranks of detective, deputy inspector, inspector and chief are made at the discretion of the police commissioner.

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Title Chief of Department Bureau Chief Assistant Chief Deputy Chief Inspector Deputy Inspector Captain Lieutenant Sergeant Detective-Investigator Detective-Specialist Police Officer Insignia

New York City Police Department
Uniform Shirt Color White White White White White White White White Dark Blue Dark Blue

NYPD Nissan Altima hybrid in Jamaica, Queens

NYPD Cushman Scooter assigned to the Housing Bureau with a New York City Sheriff’s Office vehicle in the background. There are two basic types of detective on the NYPD: "detective-investigators" and "detective-specialists." Detective-Investigators are the type most people associate with the term "detective" and are the ones most fequently portrayed on television and in the movies. New detectives are usually assigned to squads attached to each precinct and are responsible for investigating rapes, robberies, burglaries and

NYPD Ford Explorer SUV The other two tracks "investigative" track and the track. are the "specialist"

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New York City Police Department
experience. Typically, a police officer who is assigned to an investigative assignment for 18 months will be designated "Detective-Investigator" and receive the gold shield and pay increase commensurate with that designation. In the recent past, however, there has been controversy over the budget-conscious department compelling police officers to work past the 18 months without receiving the new title. Newly appointed detectives start at Detective Third Grade, which has a pay rate roughly between that of police officers and sergeants. As they gain seniority and experience, they can be "promoted" to Detective Second-Grade, which has a pay grade roughly between that of sergeants and lieutenants. Detective First-Grade is an elite designation for the department’s most senior and experienced investigators and carries a pay grade between that of lieutenants and captains. All these promotions are discretionary on the part of the commissioner and can be revoked if warranted. And while senior detectives can give orders to junior detectives in their own squads, not even the most senior detective can lawfully issue orders to even a junior patrol officer. While carrying with them increased pay and prestige, none of these grades confer on the holder any supervisory authority. And contrary to what is often portrayed by Hollywood, there is no specific rank of "detective sergeant" or "detective lieutenant." Lieutenants and sergeants are assigned to oversee detective squads as supervisors, and are responsible for all investigations. However, that "Hollywood portrayal" is sourced with the small percentage who excel as investigative supervisors (approximately equal to 10% of their respective rank) and are granted the prestigious designation of "Commander Detective Squad" (CDS), therefore assuming full command responsibilty as opposed to simple supervision. Their pay grade rises to an approximate mid-point between their normal rank and the next highest rank’s pay grade, and similar to a detective’s "grade", is also a discretionary promotion. "Detective-specialists" are a relatively new designation and one unique to the NYPD. In the 1980s, many detectives resented that some officers were being granted the rank of detective in order to give them increased pay and status, but were not being assigned to investigative duties. Examples included officers

NYPD officers on horseback

NYPD Command Post crimes other than homicide within that precinct’s boundaries. Homicides are investigated by detectives assigned to specialized units attached to major commands, such as Manhattan North, Brooklyn South, etc. Other detective-investigators are assigned to specialized units at either the major command or citywide level, investigating terrorist groups, organized crime, narcotics dealing, extortion, bias crimes, political corruption, kidnappings, major frauds or thefts committed against banks or museums, police corruption, contractor fraud and other complex, politically sensitive or high-profile cases. A squad of detective-investigators are also assigned to each of the city’s five district attorney’s offices. (Arsons are investigated by fire marshals, who are part of the New York City Fire Department.) Promotion from police officer to detectiveinvestigator is based on investigative

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Title Police Commissioner First Deputy Commissioner Deputy Commissioner assigned as bodyguards and drivers to the mayor, police commisioner and other senior officials. To remedy this situation, the rank of detective-specialist was created. These officers are typically found in specialized units because they possess a unique or esoteric skill the department needs, e.g., sharpshooter, bomb technician, scuba instructor, helicopter instructor, sketch artist, etc. Like detective-investigators, detective-specialists start at third grade and can be promoted to second- or first-grade status. The Department is administered and governed by the Police Commissioner, who is appointed by the Mayor. Technically, the commissioner serves a five-year term; as a practical matter, the commissioner serves at the Mayor’s pleasure. The commissioner in turn appoints numerous deputy commissioners. The commissioner and his subordinate deputies are civilians under an oath of office and are not uniformed members of the force who are sworn officers of the law. However, a police commissioner who comes up from the uniformed ranks retains that status while serving as police commissioner. This has ramifications for their police pensions and the fact that any police commissioner who is considered sworn does not need a pistol permit to carry a firearm, and does retain the statutory powers of a police officer. Some police commissioners (like Ray Kelly) do carry a personal firearm, but they also have a fulltime security detail from the Police Commissioner’s (Detective) Squad. A First Deputy Police Commissioner may have a security detail when he/she acts as commissioner or under other circumstances as approved by the police commissioner. Commissioner titles: These individuals are administrators who supersede the Chief of Department, and they usually specialize in areas of great importance to the Department, such as counter-terrorism, operations, training, public information, legal matters, intelligence, and information technology. Despite their role, as civilian administrators of the Department, they are

New York City Police Department
Insignia

prohibited from taking operational control of a police situation (with the exception of the First Deputy Commissioner). Within the rank structure, there are also designations, known as "grades", that connote differences in duties, experience, and pay. However, supervisory functions are generally reserved for the rank of sergeant and above. Badges in the New York City Police Department are referred to as "shields" (the traditional term). Lower-ranked police officers are identified by their shield numbers, and tax registry number. Lieutenants and above do not have shield numbers and are identified by tax registry number. All sworn members of NYPD have their I.D. card photos taken against a red background. Civilian employees of the NYPD have their I.D. card photos taken against a blue background, signifying that they are not commissioned to carry a firearm. All ID cards have an expiration date. Sworn police officers are referred to as "MOS" or, members of the service.

Organization & structure Line of duty deaths
From December 25, 1806 to November 5, 2007, the NYPD has lost 758 officers in the line of duty. This figure includes officers from agencies that were absorbed or became a part of the modern NYPD in addition to the modern department itself. The NYPD lost 23 officers on September 11, 2001.[19]

Civilian Complaint Review Board (CCRB) Allegations of police misconduct Medals
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New York City Police Department

NYPD Line of Duty deaths[20] Type 9/11 related Aircraft accident Asphyxiation Automobile accident Boating accident Drowned Electrocuted Exposure Fire Gunfire (Accidental) Motorcycle accident Struck by streetcar Struck by vehicle Terrorist attack (other than 9/11) Vehicular assault number 23 7 3 50 5 12 5 1 14 23 36 7 37 24 20 Type Accidental Animal related Assault Bicycle accident Bomb Duty related illness Explosion Fall Gunfire Heart attack Stabbed Struck by train Structure collapse Vehicle pursuit Total number 10 17 31 4 2 10 8 12 321 44 24 5 3 12 758

Demographics
The NYPD is majority white with an increasing number of minority officers. Amongst minorities 17.4% of the officers are African American, 26.5% Hispanic, and 3.8% Asian American.[21] This compares to a city population that is 27% Hispanic, 26.6% African American, and 9.8% Asian American. In 1970, there were only 300 sworn Hispanic officers on the force, in today’s department there are over 9,000 sworn Hispanic officers. 2005 marked the first academy class that was majority minority where only 45.2% of the graduates were non-Hispanic Whites.[21] Amongst the white officers, more of the newer recruits live in the city and are of an Eastern European background as opposed to previous generations of white officers who have been largely Irish, Italian, and German and have lived in both the city and surrounding areas.

challenges and responsibility of police work. • The department also provides a citizen Police Academy which educates the public on basic law and policing procedures.

Service Pistols
Officers of the NYPD are issued a 9mm service pistol that fires in DAO (Double Action Only). Currently authorized pistols for new officers to select from include the SIG P226 (DAO), Smith & Wesson 5906 (DAO), and Glock 19. All are modified to a 12 pound (53 N) trigger pull. Senior officers who joined prior to 1993 are still authorized to carry Smith & Wesson Model 64 & Model 10 .38 Special revolvers.

Fictional portrayals
Further information: List of fictional portrayals of the NYPD

Affiliations
• The department is affiliated with the New York City Police Museum. • The department also runs a Summer Youth Police academy to provide positive interaction with police officers and to educate young people about the

NYPD Gallery
Inspector Thomas Byrnes NYPD officers

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New York City Police Department
• New York City Police Department Cadet Corps • New York City Police Department Emergency Service Unit • New York City Police Department Highway Patrol • New York City Police Department School Safety • New York City Housing Authority Police Department • New York City Transit Police • New York City Police Foundation • New York City Civilian Complaint Review Board • New York City Sheriff’s Office • New York State Police

References
[1] [2] [3] [4]

See also

US DOJ Statistics 2000 History.com From database to crime scene http://www.nyc.gov/html/nypd/html/misc/ pdfaq2.html#41 [5] "Deal Raises Officers’ Pay 4% a Year". New York Times. August 22, 2008. http://www.nytimes.com/2008/08/22/ nyregion/22pba.html. NYPD ComPolice Woon [6] NYPD Officers Get 17 Percent Raises missioner men - Capt. scooters over Four Years Theodore Edyth Tot[7] Police Officer Contract Breakdown Roosevelt ten and wo[8] "2005 Duties, 1985 Pay". New York Daily 1895 men police News. June 29, 2005. reserve. http://www.nydailynews.com/news/local/ New York story/323524p-276555c.html. City June [9] "They’re Tried, They’re True, But How 25,1918 Long Do They Stay?". The New York Times. October 8, 1995. http://select.nytimes.com/gst/ abstract.html?res=F60617FD3B550C7B8CDDA9099 [10] "Offers Higher Salary: Upstate City NYPD Makes Case to NYPD Cops". The ChiefRMPs A NYPD AuxLeader. October 6, 2006. iliary RMP http://www.thechief-leader.com/news/ 2006/1006/news/005.html. A NYPD [11] "Unlikely Recruits Heed the Call of the Traffic EnSagebrush". The New York Times. forcement January 7, 2008. RMP http://www.nytimes.com/2008/01/27/ nyregion/thecity/ 27albu.html?scp=2&sq=%22Nassau+County+Police [12] "Seattle Police Department Scheming to • List of law enforcement agencies in New Steal cops from the Shrinking NYPD". York The New York Daily News. April 4, 2008. • New York City Police Commissioner http://www.nydailynews.com/news/2008/ • New York City Police Department Auxiliary Police

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New York City Police Department

04/04/ [17] "Cop Exits Up 11%; Pay Prime Factor," 2008-04-04_seattle_police_department_scheming_to_st.html. by Reuven Blau, The Chief-Leader, [13] "To Protect and Serve On Another Front; March 7, 2008; In an Increasing Job Migration, Police [18] "Alarm Over Cop Exodu$," by Larry Officers Make the Switch From Crime Celona and Bill Sanderson, The New Fighter to Firefighter," by Kevin Flynn, York Post, Jan. 25, 2007, Page 4, Column The New York Times, May 31, 1999, 1; Section B; Page 1, Column 2; [19] "9/11 by the Numbers". New York Metropolitan Desk Magazine. September 11, 2002. [14] "Cops Entering FDNY Back At Bottom on http://nymag.com/news/articles/wtc/ Pay; Council Enacts Deal Made Under 1year/numbers.htm. UFA Wage Accord," by Ginger Adams [20] The Officer Down Memorial Page Otis, The Chief-Leader, April 14, 2006 (http://odmp.org/agency/2758-new-york[15] "P.D. Holds Hostage Its PAPD city-police-department-new-york) Applicants," by Reuven Blau, The Chief[21] ^ NYPD Leader, Jan. 26, 2007, Page 1, Column 2; [16] "Rule NYPD Can Withhold Officer Files From PA; Has Effect of Blocking • NYPD Homepage Transfers to Gain Higher Pay," by • New York City Patrolmen’s Benevolent Reuven Blau, The Chief-Leader, Jan. 26, Association 2007, Page 1, Column 4; • Auxiliary Police Benevolent Association • Civilian Complaint Review Board

External links

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_York_City_Police_Department" Categories: Law enforcement agencies of New York, Organizations established in 1845, New York City Police Department, Municipal police departments of New York This page was last modified on 19 May 2009, at 20:49 (UTC). All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License. (See Copyrights for details.) Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a U.S. registered 501(c)(3) taxdeductible nonprofit charity. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers

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