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Cagayan de Oro City

Cagayan de Oro City
Coordinates: 8°29′N 124°39′E 124.65°E / 8.483; 124.65
City of Cagayan de Oro Dakbayan sa Cagayan de Oro Lungsod ng Cagayan de Oro

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8.483°N

Incorporated (City) Government - Type - Mayor - Vice Mayor - 1st District Congressman - 2nd District Congressman - Headquarters

June 15, 1950

Strong Mayor-Council Government Constantino G. Jaraula (Lakas-CMD) Vicente Y. Emano (LakasCMD) Rolando A. Uy Rufus B. Rodriguez Executive Building (Old City Hall) 488.86 km2 (188.7 sq mi) 10.0 m (33 ft) 553,966 945/km2 (2,447.5/sq mi) Cagayanons, Kagayanons PST (UTC+8) 9000 8822 (MisOrTel), 88 (PhilCom and others) Saint Augustine of Hippo (Señor San Agustin) Cagayan de Oro Pride www.cagayandeoro.gov.ph

A panoramic view of Cagayan de Oro City at night

Area - Total Elevation

Seal

Nickname(s): City of Golden Friendship (Dakbayan sa Bulawanong Panaghigalaay)

Population - Total - Density - Demonym Time zone ZIP Code Area code(s) Patron Saint Song Website

Map of Misamis Oriental in the island of Mindanao showing the location of Cagayan de Oro City

Country Region Class Province Districts

Barangays Official Languages Incorporated (Town)

Philippines Northern Mindanao (Region X) 1st Class City Misamis Oriental (Capital) 1st and 2nd Legislative districts of Cagayan de Oro City 80 Cebuano (Majority), Filipino, English 1871

The City of Cagayan de Oro (Cebuano: Dakbayan sa Cagayan de Oro; Filipino: Lungsod ng Cagayan de Oro) abbreviated as CDO, CDOC, CdeO or Cag. de Oro, lies along the northern coastline in the island of Mindanao, Philippines. It is the provincial capital of the province of Misamis Oriental, classified as a first class city. One of the Philippines’ most progressive cities. The city serves as the regional center being the most populous highlyurbanized city in Northern Mindanao (Region X). According to the 2007 census, the city has an estimated population of 553,996 people. Cagayan de Oro is a coastal city facing the Macajalar Bay. Several creeks and rivers run through the city. The southern portion of the city is dominated by hills, gorges, plateaus and mountain ranges of Bukidnon

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province.[1] The city is known by many nicknames such as "Gateway to Northern Mindanao" because of its location and good transportation facilities, "City of Whitewater Rafting and River Trekking" it is a primary whitewater rafting destination in the country that has a whole year round of maneuverable rafting courses and is located within the city limit, "ICT Goldmine of the Philippines" and "A City in Bloom, in Blossom and in BOOM!" because of the great strides it has made by way of progress, notably in the last few years. Officially, Cagayan de Oro is known as the "City of Golden Friendship" for the naturally warm and hospitable people. The official city seal bears this phrase. The name "Cagayan" is derived from a lost, ancient sound that evolved into "Kagayan", "Karayan", "Kalayan" and others. These derivatives all mean "River".[2] There are also other places in the Philippines with a "Cagayan" name. One must distinguish Cagayan de Oro from Cagayan province in Northern Luzon and the Cagayan Islands in the Sulu Sea.

Cagayan de Oro City
On February 27, 1872, the Spanish Governor General Carlos Maria de La Torre issued a decree declaring Cagayan the permanent capital of Segundo Distrito de Misamis. During this era, the name of the town was known as Cagayan de Misamis. On January 10, 1899, Cagayan de Misamis joined the Philippine government of Emilio Aguinaldo and celebrated its independence from Spain. It was the second time the Aguinaldo government was declared and the new Philippine flag raised on the Mindanao island. By virtue of the 1898 Treaty of Paris, Spain ceded the Philippines to the United States; this caused friction and resulted in the Philippine-American War. In March 31, 1900, the Americans occupied Cagayan de Misamis and on April 7, 1900, battle erupted in the town center led by General Nicolas Capistrano[4] and Filipino resistance fighters. This would later be known as the Battle of Cagayan de Misamis. The Americans won the war, and about forty years later, gave the Philippines its independence July 4, 1946.[5] In 1738, Spanish dominance was felt in Cagayan de Oro. When Misamis gained status of province in 1818, one of its four districts was the Partidos de Cagayan. In 1871, the "Partidos" became a town and was made permanent capital of Misamis. In 1883, the town became seat of the Spanish government in Mindanao for the provinces of Misamis Oriental, Misamis Occidental, Bukidnon, Lanao del Norte. Consequently, from a purely farming-fishing area, Cagayan de Oro emerged into a booming commerce and trade center. The war years in Cagayan de Oro were prompted by the presence of the Americans in 1898. The Americans were initially and successfully repulsed by the local forces led by former Mayor Apolinar Velez at the historic battle of Macahambus in June 4, 1900. After the troubled years, peace finally brought back the economic activities to normal under the guidance of Americans. On June 15, 1950 former President Elpidio Quirino signed Republic Act No. 521 in Malacañang Palace, which granted the status of a chartered city to the Municipality of Cagayan de Misamis. This was made possible through the efforts of then former Congressman and Vice President of the Philippines Emmanuel Pelaez who appended "de Oro" to "Cagayan" in recognition of the gold mining activities in the area known to Spanish

History

Cagayan de Misamis circa 1900 The area was first inhabited around 377 AD (the late Neolithic Period), island natives lived in a settlement then known as Himologan[3] (now known as Huluga), eight kilometers from present day Cagayan de Oro. The natives were polytheistic animist and paid tributes to Sultan Muhammad Dipatuan Kudarat, the Sultan of Maguindanao. In 1622, two Spanish Augustinian Recollect missionaries came in contact with the natives of Himologan and in 1626, Fray Agustin de San Pedro persuaded the chief of Himologan, Datu Salangsang, to transfer his settlement down river, to the present day Gaston Park. Fray Agustin later fortified the new settlement against warriors who were sent by Sultan Kudarat.

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explorers. Today, Cagayan de Oro is one of the fastest growing cities in the country and was declared a "Highly-Urbanized City" by the Ministry of Local Government on November 22, 1983.

Cagayan de Oro City

People
The residents of Cagayan de Oro are a mixture of Spanish, American, Chinese and Maranao blood. People from Cagayan de Oro are called Cagayanons or Kagayanons. Most are brown-skinned of Malay descent and some with mixed ancestry popularly known to locals as mestizo. People from Cagayan de Oro are warm and hospitable giving it the name the City of Golden Friendship. There are about 44 percent of the household population in Cagayan de Oro City classified themselves as Binisaya/Bisaya, 22.15 percent as Cebuano, 4.38 percent as Boholano, while 28.07 percent as other ethnic groups (2000 Census).[8]

Geography
Cagayan de Oro is located along the central coast of Northern Mindanao. It is situated in Mindanao, the second giant of the archipelago of all the mass of the Philippines. To the south, the city is bordered by the Bukidnon Province and Lanao del Norte (Iligan City). The Municipality of Opol, Misamis Oriental borders the city on the west and Tagoloan, Misamis Oriental to the east. To the north lies Macajalar Bay facing the Bohol Sea. Its total land area is 488.86 km² representing 13.9% of the entire Misamis Oriental Province. It includes 25 kilometers of coastline and a fine deep water harbor, Macajalar Bay. 44.7% of the surface of Cagayan de Oro is classified as agricultural land, and 38.4% is classified as open spaces.[6]

City Events

Topography
Cagayan de Oro is characterized by a narrow coastal plain along the Macajalar Bay and by highland areas separated by steeply inclined slopes. The lowland is relatively flat and elevation is not more than 10 meters above sea level. The highlands bound the city in the south from east to west. They consist of plateaus, terraces, hills, mountains, canyons and gorges bound the city in the south from east to west.

Kagay-an Festival in 2007 • is held every 26th to the 28th of August in celebration of Cagayan de Oro’s patron, Saint Augustine of Hippo. Highlights of the Kagay-an Festival are the Kagay-an Agro-Trade Fair, Miss Kagay-an Tourism, Higaonon Street Dancing, Golden Float Parade and the Lambagohan Fluvial Parade. There are also cultural shows, competitions and concerts. The word "Kagay-an" meant "the place of the river" is the root of the name of Cagayan de Oro, derived from the great river that runs through the city. • every 15th of June, the city celebrates the cityhood of Cagayan de Oro. It was on June 15, 1950 that Cagayan de Misamis became a city and its name changed to Cagayan de Oro. • a culinary show and exhibit that started in 1996 by local hoteliers and restaurants, it

Climate
Cagayan de Oro has a tropical climate. The average temperature whole year round is 28 °C (82 °F). The highest recorded temperature in the city was 39 °C (102 °F) on June 1998. Cagayan de Oro receives an even amount of rain through out the year. The driest month is April, while July is the wettest. Wet season in the city starts in June and ends in November. Drier season starts in December and ends in May.

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is now one of the most anticipated culinary show and exhibit in the region. There are food demonstrations, culinary competition and seminars. Hotel and Restaurant Management schools from neighboring provinces participate and showcase their students talent along with local hoteliers. This is usually held in mid of August as part of the Kagay-an Festival. a trade fair showcases the different indigenous and home-made products from various parts of Northern Mindanao including Cagayan de Oro City and Misamis Oriental province. Products include woven bags, goat’s milk, soap, local wine, processed food and others. It is one of the core activities of the Kagay-an Festival. on the eve of Good Friday (Thursday evening), thousands of Cagayanons trek Malasag Hill for the annual "Via Crucis" or "Way of the Cross". The 3-kilometer trek ends at the Corsillo Retreat House. organized way back in the mid 1980’s, this fluvial parade, also called Lambagohan Festival, is held along the Cagayan de Oro river. Lambago (scientific name Hibiscus Tiliaceus) is a type of tree that used to be commonly found along the banks of Cagayan de Oro river. Filipinos are fond of beauty pagents and Cagayan de Oro is no exception. Local girls compete for the most prestigious beauty pagent in the city. The event, also known as Miss Cagayan de Oro, is held before the city fiesta or Kagay-an Festival. started in 2007, it includes marching bands from different city schools. It is also participated by local government departments and commercial establishments. It is one of the core events in the Kagay-an Festival. every June 12th, Philippine Independence Day is celebrated also in the city. Government, military parades and exhibits mark on this event.

Cagayan de Oro City
Other ethnic dialects are Higaonon, Ilongo, Waray among others.

Religion

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St. Augustine Metropolitan Cathedral built in 1845

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The Most Reverend James T.G. Hayes, the first Archbishop of Cagayan de Oro Roman Catholic is the city’s dominant religion, represented by almost 80% of the population. Other religious affiliations include Protestants, Baptists, Evangelicals, Iglesia Ni Kristo, Philippine Independent Church, Islam and Pentecostal. The Archdiocese of Cagayan de Oro is an Archdiocese of the Roman Catholic Church in the Philippines. It is a Metropolitan See in the island of Mindanao the archdiocese comprises three civil provinces

Language
Cebuano or Visayan, is the city’s main conversational language. English is mainly used for business, written text and is also widely used by the academic community. Most of the local population are also fluent in Filipino, the country’s national language.

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of Misamis Oriental, Bukidnon and Camiguin. Today it is headed by Archbishop Antonio J. Ledesma, S.J and its seat is located in the St. Augustine Metropolitan Cathedral. Roman Catholicism A History of Roman Catholicism in Cagayan de Oro, during the Spanish era there was only the province of Misamis which included the present provinces of Misamis Oriental and Misamis Occidental, and was handled by the civil government from Cebu. The Recollect Missionaries came down from Cebu and started a mission in the province. Civil government of its own started only in 1901. And because one part of it was separated from the main by Iligan Bay, the government decided to divide the province into two. Misamis Oriental is the bigger portion. Before 1865, the whole of Mindanao and Sulu were part of the Diocese of Cebu. In 1865 the western half of Mindanao came under the jurisdiction of the Diocese of Jaro in Panay. Then Pope Leo XIII established the Diocese of Zamboanga, separating it from Jaro and making it the first diocese in Mindanao. But it was Pope Pius X who executed this in 1910. Thus from 1910 Cagayan de Oro became part of the Diocese of Zamboanga. On January 20, 1933, Pope Pius XI created a second diocese in Mindanao, that of Cagayan de Oro, separating it from Zamboanga and giving it jurisdiction over the then provinces of Surigao, Oriental and Occidental Misamis, Bukidnon, and part of the province of Lanao. Together with Zamboanga it became a suffragan of the new ecclesiastical province of Cebu. In 1939, the Diocese of Cagayan de Oro was divided again with the creation of the Diocese of Surigao comprising the provinces of Surigao and Agusan; and in 1951 was divided again with the creation of the Diocese of Ozamiz comprising the provinces of Lanao and Misamis Occidental. On June 29, 1951, Pope Pius XI elevated Cagayan de Oro to an archdiocese, coinciding with that of Jaro. The Archdiocese of Cagayan de Oro became the first archdiocese in Mindanao, thereby separating Mindanao from the Ecclesiastical Province of Cebu. It had as its suffragans all the dioceses and prelatures then in Mindanao: Surigao, Cotabato, Sulu, Davao, Ozamiz, and Zamboanga which had been its mother diocese. It became an

Cagayan de Oro City
archdiocese seven years ahead of its mother diocese. Later the Apostolic Prefecture of Sulu, the Prelature Nullius of Marbel, the Prelature Nullius of Tagum, the Diocese of Butuan, the Prelature Nullius of Malaybalay, the Prelature Nullius of Iligan and the Diocese of Tandag became suffragans of the Archdiocese of Cagayan de Oro. Eventually four other archdioceses were established in Mindanao: Zamboanga in 1958, Davao in 1970. Cotabato in 1979 and Ozamiz in 1983. Thus there are at present five ecclesiastical provinces in Mindanao. The first bishop and archbishop of Cagayan de Oro was the Most Reverend James Hayes, S.J., D.D., who established the Ateneo de Cagayan now known as Xavier University, among others. He was succeeded by Most Reverend Patrick Cronin, SSC, D.D. in 1971. Bishop Cronin established the St. John Vianney Theological Seminary. The third bishop was Most Reverend Jesus B. Tuquib, D.D., S.T.D., who was installed as Archbishop with right of Succession on May 31, 1984, and became the Archbishop of the Archdiocese of Cagayan de Oro on January 5, 1988. Today, the current Archbishop is the Most Reverend Antonio J. Ledesma, S.J., D.D., who was installed on March 4, 2006. There are 46 diocesan priests manning the 46 parishes within the jurisdiction of the archdiocese, helped by 2 Jesuit and 5 Columban priests. Six others are doing non-parochial work and 3 others are in retirement. The rest of the Jesuits are in Xavier University or in the major seminary, and the rest of the Columbans, apart from the 5 involved in parish work, are in their procure house doing various apostolates such as hospital work and other activities. There are 18 religious institutes of women, one of which is a contemplative institute, the Carmelite nuns. The archdiocese has its own diocesan college seminary, the San Jose de Mindanao Seminary which opened in 1955. It was constructed by Archbishop Hayes, was first administered by the Jesuits, then by Columban priests, and now by the diocesan clergy. Also within the archdiocese is a theology seminary—the St. John Vianney Theological Seminary, which is mainly for seminarians of the Ecclesiastical Province of Cagayan de Oro. This was started by Archbishop Cronin and finished by Archbishop Tuquib. It opened in 1985.

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Cagayan de Oro City
University Medical City and Polymedic Medical Plaza Hospital are the newer developments of the health services in city. In the recent years, private hospitals in the city have embarked on an aggressive expansion program. There has been a strong demand for medical facilities not only within the city but from nearby Mindanao provinces. See also; List of hospitals in the Philippines

Education
Cagayan de Oro is the education hub in Northern Mindanao, home to several universities, colleges and tertiary schools. It has three major private universities, namely: Capitol University, Liceo de Cagayan University and Xavier University - Ateneo de Cagayan. These institutions specialize in various disciplines such as medicine, nursing, commerce, engineering, and law, as well as graduate and post-graduate courses. • AMA Computer University Cagayan de Oro Campus • Asian College of Science and Technology • Cagayan de Oro College • Capitol University • Holy Cross School of Nursing • Liceo de Cagayan University • Lourdes College • Mindanao University of Science and Technology (formerly Mindanao Polytechnic State College) • Philippine Women’s University • Pilgrim Christian College • Southern de Oro Philippines College • St. Augustine School of Nursing • STI College Cagayan de Oro Campus • Xavier University - Ateneo de Cagayan The Mindanao University of Science and Technology (formerly Mindanao Polytechnic State College) is the only state university in the city[9]. AMA Computer University and Philippine Women’s University have campus branches in the city offering limited courses. Rodelsa Hall is Liceo de Cagayan University’s theater with state-of-the-art acoustics and concert caliber pianos, and repository of antiques and heirlooms collected by one of the city’s oldest families. See also: List of colleges and universities in the Philippines

Economy
Cagayan de Oro is one of the most progressive cities in the Philippines. It is the business hub of the Northern Mindanao region with the annual income reached to a local record of 1.345 Billion Pesos as of the fiscal year, 2006. The city’s economy is largely based on industry, trade, service and tourism. Concentrix and Arriba are among the few call centers that have recently opened their doors to the city. With the ongoing construction of the Laguindingan International Airport located in the Municipality of Laguindingan, Misamis Oriental with International standard, business analysts predict the entry of more foreign and local investments and an increase in tourism activity in the region will make Cagayan de Oro as one of the chief cities in the southern part of the Philippines.[6] Cagayan de Oro is base to multinational companies such as Del Monte Philippines. Pineapples in nearby Bukidnon province are transported to their Processing Plant in Barangay Bugo and shipped to the entire Philippines, Asia and the Pacific. The confluence of factors: rapid population increase; rich agricultural and forest lands; minerals; scenic tourist spots; bodies of water; good infrastructures and utilities; the concentration of health, educational and research centers; typhoon-free climate and favorable peace and order condition makes the City of Cagayan de Oro a favorite investment and tourist haven and one of the fastest growing cities in the country. Industrial Estate Development The 80 hectare Alwana Business Park located in Barangay Cugman, Cagayan de Oro City, started in 1981 as the site of wood working factories. Ten years later, the management transformed the rest of the site into an industrial and residential area with a neat zoning system. Forty hectares are reserved for industries, 20 hectares for its high-end

Health Care
The city has a hospital bed to population ratio of 1:474 as of 2003. There are twelve major well-equipped private and governmentrun hospitals including 50 Barangay Health Centers and 20 Family Planning Centers. There are also modern diagnostic centers and laboratories operating in the city.[6] Northern Mindanao Medical Center (Provincial Hospital) and JR Borja Memorial Medical Hospital (City Hospital) are the two main government run hospitals in the city. Capitol

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subdivision, Alwana Village, ten for commercial establishments and 26 for parks and recreation. Presently, a sports & recreation center is in full operation. Banks and Financing Companies One hundred twenty-two government and commercial banks operate in 2000. In 2003, almost all commercial banks in the country have branches in the city, types: Commercial - 51, Specialized Government - 7, Rural - 33 and Thrift - 31. Outside of Manila, the city of Cagayan de Oro has the most number of financial institutions. Almost all of the country’s leading commercial banks have established branches in the city being the trading center of the region. As of 2002, an inventory of commercial, thrift, rural and specialized government banks revealed a total of 120 banking and credit facilities operating in strategic areas of the city.

Cagayan de Oro City
International Container Port, Tubod-Tangub bridge and widening of its Iligan-Cagayan de Oro-Bukidnon Road (ICBR), the road artery which links it to key satellite areas. With over 100 subdivisions containing 80,000 lots covering over 1,000 hectares and counting, the real estate boom in the city is likewise balanced by intercity infrastructure such as the planned construction of three additional bridges across the Cagayan de Oro river, Licoan Flyover bridge and the East and West coast public utility terminals aimed at loosening the city’s tightening gridlock.

Utilities
• There are seven major land based phone companies PhilCom, MisOrTel, Smart Broadband (formerly CruzTelCo), ItalTel, SoTelCo, BayanTel and PLDT serving the city. • Mobile phone services are provided by Globe Telecom, Smart Communications, Sun Cellular and Red Mobile, operate vital transmission towers in the city. • There are several internet companies operating in the city offering dial up, broadband, Wi-Fi and cable services. The Pueblo de Oro IT Park located in Upper Carmen is the first PEZA-registered IT park in Mindanao. The IT Park currently houses one of Cagayan de Oro’s call centers. • The only cable-based company in the city is the home-grown Cable 21 Technologies, a sister-company of the Parasat Cable TV Inc. • Water services is provided by the Cagayan de Oro Water District (COWD), it was the first water district established in the entire country. • Electricity is provided by the Cagayan Electric Power and Light Company (CEPALCO). CEPALCO, which began operations in 1952, covers the City of Cagayan de Oro and the Municipalities of Tagoloan, Villanueva and Jasaan, all in the Province of Misamis Oriental, including the 3,000-hectare PHIVIDEC Industrial Estate and caters to more than 100,000 consumers. The Company’s distribution system network now includes 138KV, 69KV, 34.5KV and 13.8KV systems. CEPALCO is also operating the developing world’s first and largest (at the time of its inauguration in 2004) on-grid solar

Infrastructure
Cagayan de Oro is a veritable goldmine for those in search of new tourist and investment destination. It has a reservoir of advantages: no typhoons all year round, rich agricultural environments, a broad consumer and manpower base, adequate infrastructure, cheap and abundant power, strategically located international seaports, modern telecommunication facilities and a highly efficient educational system.As the trade and service center of Northern Mindanao, the city is a prime location for cost-effective air, land and sea transit. Moreover, its striving business community and the necessary business support facilities makes the process of doing business relaxed and pleasurable. The soundness of the Cagayan de Oro business climate as well as its Metropolitan flavor combined with the warm and easy nature of the local people gives it a self-contained setting that motivated an increasing number expatriate business to stay in the city for good. As an urban center with a regional market orientation, a high level of market sophistication and an economy closely intertwined with the economies of the entire region, the city is poised for planned, rapid and sustained growth. Another unique feature of Cagayan de Oro is the way by which its strong real estate property development is balanced by inter-regional infrastructure development such as the Laguindingan International Standard Airport, Mindanao

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Airlines Air Philippines Cebu Pacific PAL Express Philippine Airlines Destinations Manila Cebu, Davao , Manila Cebu Manila

Cagayan de Oro City

photovoltaic (PV) power plant. The 1-megawatt polycrystalline silicon-based PhotoVoltaic plant in Indahag of this city is connected with the distribution network of CEPALCO. • Road network of the province and that of Cagayan de Oro City already reached 797.133 and 406.87941 kilometers respectively. This already includes the 210.137 kilometers all-weather, two-lane highway connecting the province to Iligan and Butuan cities. Davao is accessible via Butuan City and the alternative route that passes through the province of Bukidnon. • Bridges there are 65 bridges, covering 2,219 linear meters. Length ranges from 6 to 199 linear meters. Types: reinforced concrete deck girder bridge (RCDG), steel, bailey, timber, spillway and footbridge.

An Asian Spirit NAMC YS-11 on the tarmac of Lumbia Airport • Cebu Pacific [3] - 2nd Flag Carrier (Budget Airline) • Air Philippines [4] - Budget Airline • Asian Spirit [5] - Prop. Aircraft New International Airport Ongoing construction of the Laguindingan International Airport located in the Municipality of Laguindingan, Misamis Oriental that will serve Northern Mindanao including its major cities; Iligan and Cagayan de Oro. It is a flagship project of the Cagayan de OroIligan Corridor special development project, which covers both the cities of Iligan and Cagayan de Oro, as well as five coastal towns in Lanao del Norte, and in the 22 towns especially Gingoog City of Misamis Oriental’s first and second congressional districts. The airport sits on a 4.17 square kilometre site in Barangay Moog, Lagundingan,[10] and is located 46 kilometers from the existing Lumbia Airport. Upon completion, it will be the fourth international airport in Mindanao, after General Santos International Airport in General Santos City, Francisco Bangoy International Airport in Davao City and Zamboanga International Airport in Zamboanga City, as well as the first international airport in Northern Mindanao (Region X). Construction will be completed by 2011.

Transportation
Airports Lumbia Airport, often called as Cagayan de Oro Airport caters domestic flights to and from Manila and Cebu. From Manila, it is an hour and fifteen minutes away by plane and from Cebu it is forty-five minutes away. The Lumbia Airport is the currently the secondbusiest airport in Mindanao, Philippines. It is classified as a trunkline airport, or a major commercial domestic airport by the Air Transportation Office. Lumbia Airport is set to be replaced by the larger Laguindingan International Airport, currently under construction in the Municipality of Laguindingan, Misamis Oriental, some 46 kilometers southwset of Cagayan de Oro City. When it finished, the international airport will serve Northern Mindanao including its major cities; Iligan and Cagayan de Oro. Cagayan de Oro is served by a domestic airport in Lumbia. It has daily flights to and from Metro Manila and Cebu City. • Philippine Airlines [2] - Flag Carrier

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Plans for the airport have existed since 1991, but have been stymied by land acquisition and financing problems. Although the Philippine government has signed a US$25 million soft loan agreement with the South Korean government through its Economic Development Cooperation Fund, there has been difficulty in raising counterpart funding for acquisition of the estimated 300 hectares of land eventually required by the airport complex. The Laguindingan International Airport project was inaugurated on January 11, 2006 with groundbreaking ceremonies presided by President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, who advocated the idea of an international airport in the Cagayan de Oro-Iligan Corridor.[11]

Cagayan de Oro City
handling operators.[12] With the recent completion of the 250 Million Peso Rehabilitation Project, the port is now the largest international and domestic seaport in Mindanao.[13] General Milling and Del Monte Philippines also operates their own port facilities within Cagayan de Oro. The US $85 Million Mindanao Container Terminal located in Tagoloan, 17 kilometers from Cagayan de Oro serves the PHIVIDEC Industrial Estate. Public Transport Land transportation service in Cagayan de Oro is quite sufficient. A number of private firms provide rent-a-car services; operate taxi cabs, public utility jeepneys and trucking/ hauling services. Motor vehicles registered at the Land Transportation Office (LTO) an increasing trend for the past five years. The increase can be attributed to the growing affluence of the people and the increasing demand for public transport services. Taxi’s in the city are all airconditioned and most are new models. The taxi are either colored yellow or white and have yellow plates. Jeepney, after World War II, Filipinos made use of old army jeeps left behind by the Americans. The Philippine Jeepneys are now found all over the country and is the main mode of mass transportation. It seats around 18 to 22 people and could get a bit cramped. It follows a fixed route within the city. Another transportation in the city is the Motorela or Rela, Cagayan de Oro’s version of the Philippine tricycle. It is a common mode of transportation even within the city center. It seats around 6 to 8 people and could get cramped. This is not an advised mode of transportation for plus sized people. There are three bus and jeepney terminals in the city which offer regular land trips. Agora Integrated Bus Terminal Routes • Davao City (Buda or Bukidnon-Davao) • Malaybalay and Valencia City (Bukidnon) • Kabacan (North Cotabato). • Butuan City (Agusan del Norte) • Gingoog City (Misamis Oriental) • Balingoan (ferry for Camiguin Island) Eastbound-Gusa Jeepney Terminal Routes • Eastern towns of Misamis Oriental including Balingoan • Camp Philips (Bukidnon) • Libona (Bukidnon) • Manolo Fortich (Bukidnon) • Malaybalay City (Bukidnon) • Valencia City (Bukidnon)

Cagayan de Oro International Seaport with 2 quay side gantry cranes International Seaport and Piers Cagayan de Oro Port serves regular trips to and from Manila, Cebu, Tagbilaran, Bacolod, Dumaguete, Iloilo, and Jagna. It is the busiest seaport in Northern Mindanao as well as Mindanao. Cagayan de Oro International Seaport is the busiest port in the region. It has frequent boat trips to and from Metro Manila, Metro Cebu, Bacolod City, Iloilo City, Tagbilaran, Dumaguete and Iligan. • Super Ferry [6] • Cebu Ferries [7] • Trans Asia [8] • Negros Navigation [9] • Sulpicio Lines [10] • Gothong Lines [11] The port is a modern international seaport situated near the estuary of Cagayan de Oro River, it has an anchorage depth of 18 meters and is around 400 meters from the shoreline. Cagayan de Oro Port has 2 authorized cargo

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Westbound-Bulua Integrated Bus and Jeepney Terminal Routes • Western towns of Misamis Oriental including Laguindingan and El Salvador • Iligan City (Lanao del Norte) • Marawi City (Lanao del Sur) • Tangub City and Ozamiz City (Misamis Occidental) • Dipolog City (Zamboanga del Norte) • Pagadian City and Zamboanga City (Zamboanga del Sur)

Cagayan de Oro City
A graduate of Silliman University, Borja started his government service in 1954. He was responsible for the phenomenal growth of the city since 1959, when he opened the Cogon Public Market. A statue built in his honor stands at the Plaza Divisoria or Golden Friendship Park, made by National Artist for Sculpture Napoleon V. Abueva. Historian and anthropologist Dr. Antonio J. Montalvan II wrote that Borja was called the Arsenio Lacson of Cagayan de Oro because "he was, above all, no-nonsense. He ruled without fear or favor. He had political will. Most importantly, he remained simple and would walk to and from his office without any bodyguards. His funeral cortege, which I personally witnessed, was attended by legions of Cagayanons, many of whom openly wept at the sight of his bier which was placed atop a decorated float. Shops and establishments were closed for business at their own behest." Montalvan adds that "Borja is the only city mayor who has been given multiple honors, proof of how much he was loved by the city that he served so well. There is J.R. Borja Street, JR Borja Memorial Medical Hospital (City Hospital), and the statue. He was the only city mayor of Cagayan de Oro given a doctorate degree honoris causa in public administration by Xavier University - Ateneo de Cagayan. Many male babies were named Justiniano, complete with the nickname of Tiñing. Raf Benaldo, who served as undersecretary of the Department of Interior and Local Government (DILG), once told me that Tiñing Borja has become the benchmark for the city’s public servants, a fact that, sadly, no one has capably equaled."

Government

Executive Building (Old City Hall) The City of Cagayan de Oro has been administered by elected and appointed officials since June 15, 1950. The city political government is composed of the Mayor, Vice Mayor, two Congressional Representatives, sixteen City Councilors, one Sangguniang Kabataan Federation representative and an Association of Barangay Captain representative. Each official is elected publicly to a four year term. Vision "A peaceful, orderly, livable, city with a modern trading center where there are equal opportunities for our disciplined citizens to develop and prosper in a clean and healthy environment." Mission "Create an environment for men and women conducive to sustainable growth and development that would generate investments, increase exports, generate jobs and foster consumer protection." Most respected Mayor of Cagayan de Oro Many residents of Cagayan de Oro consider Justiniano R. Borja the most admired and respected mayor of Cagayan de Oro City.

Political Subdivisions
Cagayan de Oro is politically subdivided into 80 barrios or barangays. These are grouped into two congressional districts: 24 barangays in the 1st district (West) and 56 barangays in the 2nd district (East), with the Cagayan de Oro River as the natural boundary. It has a 57 urban barangays and 23 rural barangays all in all. 1st District • Bonbon • Bayabas • Kauswagan • Carmen • Patag

• Barangay • Baran 2nd District 9 31 • Macabalan • Barangay • Baran • Puntod 10 32 • Consolacion • Barangay • Baran • Camaman11 33 an

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Bulua Iponan Baikingon San Simon Pagatpat Canitoan Balulang Lumbia Pagalungan Tagpangi Taglimao Tuburan Pigsag-an Tumpagon Bayanga Mambuaya Dansolihon Tignapoloan Besigan • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Nazareth Macasandig Indahag Lapasan Gusa Cugman F.S. Catanico Tablon Agusan Puerto Bugo Balubal Barangay 1 Barangay 2 Barangay 3 Barangay 4 Barangay 5 Barangay 6 Barangay 7 Barangay 8 • Barangay 12 • Barangay 13 • Barangay 14 • Barangay 15 • Barangay 16 • Barangay 17 • Barangay 18 • Barangay 19 • Barangay 20 • Barangay 21 • Barangay 22 • Barangay 23 • Barangay 24 • Barangay 25 • Barangay 26 • Barangay 27 • Barangay 28 • Barangay 29 • Barangay 30

Cagayan de Oro City
area of 129 • Barangay hectares. It is home to the 4th Infantry Division of the Philippine Army. Camp 34 Evangelista’s • Barangay external jurisdiction covers the Northern Mindanao and Caraga region. 35 Minor military camps are also located in • Barangay Barangay Lumbia and upper Puerto. 36 • Barangay 37 • Barangay Tourism is another sunrise industry. Regional 38 and national • Barangay convention-goers find irresistible the city’s close proximity of hotels and 39 accommodations, wide variety of easily ac• Barangay cessible exotic tourism destinations and 40 amenities including an 18-hole world class golf course and a country club. Not the least, the leisure industry appears to be crossing even political and ideological lines as Cagayan de Oro has been relatively spared the rash of violence which has rocked Mindanao’s urban centers as of late. Although its peace and order situation is by no means impeccable, still it has been spared the wholesale bombings and killings many have come to associate with Mindanao. The most logical explanation for this is multicultural harmony: Despite the diversity of beliefs and ideological convictions, residents share the same admiration and affection for the City of Golden Friendship, the city that has become a home even to migrants and ever-increasing number of visitors over the years. Based on the record of DOT-10, Cagayan de Oro City and the province of Misamis Oriental remained the favored destination for tourist. For the past years, Cagayan de Oro and Misamis Oriental garnered more than 50% of tourists’ arrival region wide and this is followed by Camiguin. Due to the national government’s aggressive tourism campaign, local and foreign tourist arrivals in the city is on the rise. In 2004, the city registered a tourist arrival of 307,820; an increase from a previous of 232,257 in 2003.[6] Whitewater Rafting and Kayaking [15] has been one of the tourism activities being promoted in the river. The city administration and the Department of Tourism made it as the banner tourism activity in the Cagayan de Oro[16]. The jump-off point of the Cagayan de Oro river whitewater rafting is at Mambuaya, a 30-40 minute ride from the city proper. At present, whitewater rafting in the river is gaining popularity and President Gloria Arroyo, president of the Philippines[17] and many Philippine TV/Movie personalities have tried whitewater

Tourism

Law Enforcement
National Police Camp Vicente Alagar is the headquarters of the Philippine National Police (PNP). It is located in Barangay Lapasan on top of a hilly area overlooking the city. Camp Alagar has jurisdiction over the entire Northern Mindanao.[14] Recently the national government provided new vehicles and equipments to improve Police response time and increase Police visibility in the city streets. Military Camp Edilberto Evangelista, located in Barangay Patag of Cagayan de Oro, is the largest military camp in Mindanao with an

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rafting in the river. Delicacies of Cagayan de Oro is famous for its hams Jamon de Cagayan. Chicharon or pork rind is becoming a popular snack along with local meat products like beef jerky. Cashew nuts from Lumbia district are also abundant in the city. Get the best out of Cagayan de Oro and the province of Misamis Oriental. Tourism Showhouse The Tourism Showhouse showcases the best of Cagayan de Oro’s tourist related and oriented activities, most especially its whitewater rafting adventure. Run by the City Tourism and Cultural Affairs Office, it displays souvenir items. It is also where guests and locals alike can get information on where to go or take visitors as well how to get to places.

Cagayan de Oro City
especially during Sundays. Saint Augustine Metropolitan Cathedral is the city’s main Catholic Church and the seat of the Archdiocese of Cagayan de Oro. The original church was built in 1845 by the Augustinian Friars but was destroyed during the American bombardment in 1945. Only the wooden cross in front of the church survive up to this day. After the war, American missionary Fr. James T.G. Hayes S.J., who later became the city’s archbishop rebuilt the church inspired by Gothic architecture. Its centuries old stained glass windows came from another old Gothic church which were donated by American Catholics from New York City, USA. along the Cagayan de Oro river has gained popularity through the years after President Macapagal-Arroyo herself went whitewater rafting last 2002[18]. is concealed by huge boulders, the rapids, cascading falls and natural pool of Barangay F.S. Catanico. is ideal for horseback riding, biking, zipline and nature trekking. is located in a reforested area in Malasag Hill. This 7 hectare village has replicas of tribal houses in the region and a panoramic view of Macajalar Bay. The tourism village is owned and managed by the Philippine Tourism Authority.[19] is situated in front of the Provincial Capitol of Misamis Oriental with age-old mahogany trees that provide a therapeutic canopy for the promenades. The park is a popular jogging area during the morning. Divisoria is a Spanish word which means to divide. Located in downtown area, it is a series of parks dedicated to national and local heroes like former President Ramon Magsaysay, Andres Bonifacio, Dr. Jose Rizal, as well as other local Philippine heroes.[20] Cagayan de Oro was constantly affect by fire that burned most of the town. In 1901, local authorities decided to build a "divider" parallel to the town to serve as a fire break. This divider or "divisoria" was later transformed into parks. is among several parks located in Plaza Divisoria. Most of the local soldiers who died during the Philippine-American War of 1900 are buried beneath the monument.

•

Parks and Resorts
• • •

• Whitewater rafting and Kayaking along the Cagayan de Oro River •

Gardens of Malasag Eco-Tourism Village • , Gaston Park is located across the Saint Augustine Metropolitan Cathedral. The park, noted for its water fountain, is a favorite place to unwind for many locals,

•

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
• at the Plaza Divisoria is dedicated on June 19, 1917 in perpetual memory of the country’s national hero, Dr. Jose Rizal who was executed on December 30, 1896 by the Spanish authorities. Its marble marker is inscribed in Spanish. The monument has survived the ravages of time including World War II. • in the Taguanao area, is usually packed with families and groups on weekends lounging in the cold springs. • in upper Carmen is an 18-hole golf course designed by Robert Trent Jones II. • located on a hilltop in Aluba, it gives you the best panoramic view of Cagayan de Oro especially at night. The area used to be a commercial establishment but was closed down by the city for "zoning violation." Since then High Ridge has been open to the public for outdoor picnics. • is located at Barangay Mambuaya this city; the cave entrance is flowing water from underground stream. The cave has a small opening that seems too narrow to be passable, it has a six inches airspace between ceiling and water that you have submerge yourselves one by one, equipped with a helmet and a waterproof cap lamp. The cave contains a beautiful sparkling formations which is called the CALCIUM CARBONATE (CaCO3) or CALCITES. These stalactites and stalagmites, white and brown, are sign of oxidized materials that take 50-60 years to form an inch. the cave is definitely spellbinding, There were formations of flowstone, gurpool-resembling, rice terraces, transparent crystals and pictureque speleothems, such as cathedral drapes and icons. Everything was simply beautiful and awesome. • a must place to visit when you’re in Cagayan de Oro City the heart of the city and is 10 minutes away from the airport . Is the Macahambus Adventure Park that is located in Barangay Lumbia and Bayanga. It is only 25 minutes from the park has a lot to offer for thrill seekers. Imagine yourself walking on a stay bridge amidst gigantic Century old tress and view the specular Macahambus Gorge below. The Sky Bridge is 120 meters long and 120 feet high.

Cagayan de Oro City

Museums and Historical Places

Historical Gaston Park • named after a Mayor of Cagayan de Oro. It was the site of the first Spanish settlement established in 1622. A stone fort was built around the vicinity but was later demolished by the Spanish authorities. It also became an execution ground for Spanish criminals and later a training ground for local soldiers in the Philippine-American War. After World War II, the Japanese Government planted cherry blossoms around the park as a gift to the city. It is the site of the first Spanish settlement and the Battle of Cagayan de Misamis. • is an underground cave with a 130 foot (40 m) circular gorge. The ravine is thick with various species of plants and huge trees. It is the site of the historic Battle of Makahambus Hill between local and American soldiers during the Philippine-American War (1900).[21] • is a newly opened museum in Capitol University. It houses a gallery of Maranao antiquities from Tugaya, Lanao del Sur; a gallery of ethnohistory which shall display Cagayan de Oro history, Butuan archaeological artifacts, lumad arts and crafts from the Higaunon and Manobo cultures, and a treasure of Christian lowland artifacts of Northern Mindanao; and finally an art gallery and coffee shop that shall promote the local visual arts of Mindanao. It also have a research archives that will house Spanish era documents, photographs, memorabilia of well-known personalities in Mindanao, which is open to all researchers and students of culture. • originally the vacation house of Rodolfo Neri-Pelaez and Elsa Pelaez, founders of

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Liceo de Cagayan University, it became their permanent residence in 1976. By 1997 it was converted into a museum. The museum showcases the Pelaez family heirlooms and memorabilia. Antique chinese jars and wares from various Chinese dynasties are on display. The museum is administered by the Liceo de Cagayan University. is a museum located within the campus of Xavier University - Ateneo de Cagayan. The museum exhibits artifacts dug from Huluga Cave and repertoire of Bukidnon and Maranao Cultures that have survived the ravages of time.[20] is an archaeological site in Sitio Taguanao, Barangay Indahag. It is composed of an open site and two caves where skeletal remains of a child and woman were found. A fragment of the woman’s skull was dated 377 AD by the Scripps Institution of Oceanography in La Jolla, California. The open site is the venue of prehistoric settlement. is a memorial dedicated to the heroes of the Three Battles of Cagayan de Oro during the Philippine-American War. It is located along Masterson Avenue in upper Carmen. this was the former site of the Casa Real de Cagayan or the Spanish Provincial Governors residence. On January 10, 1899, a two day celebration was held (Fiesta Nacional) declaring Philippine independence from Spain under the Aguinaldo government. In front of the Casa Real, the Philippine flag was raised and the Philippine anthem sung for the second time in Mindanao. The building however was demolished and in 1940 the existing City Hall was built in its place. It is among the buildings that survived the Japanese and American bombardment in World War II. is located at the edge of Cagayan de Oro Port, the monument commemorates two historic events. During the PhilippineAmerican War (Philippine Insurgency), Kagayanons fortified the wharf against the invading Americans from January to March 1900. It was finally occupied by the Americans on April 25, 1900. On March 13, 1942, General Douglas MacArthur and his family arrived in Macabalan wharf from Corregidor Island in a PT boat. He and his family then proceeded to the Del

Cagayan de Oro City
Monte Airfield (Bukidnon Province) where they left for Australia on March 17, 1942. It was in Australia where the World War II hero made his famous declaration, "I shall return". • the Misamis Oriental General Comprehensive High School (MOGCHS) Administration Building was inaugurated on December 15, 1909. It was part of the 1907 Gabaldon initiative to establish and build public schools all over the Philippine islands under the American regime. These Gabaldon school buildings were designed by William E. Parson,a New York architect who served as Public Works consultant to the Philippine-American government. Parson designed the historic Manila Hotel and other buildings all over the Philippines. • was built in 1882 by the Sia family, the first Chinese migrants in Cagayan de Oro. It was the site where Filipino revolutionaries meet and gathered for the Fiesta Nacional parade in January 10, 1899. Most of these revolutionaries would die during the Philippine-American war and are buried behind the house. Unfortunately, the house has been renovated twice and its original facade has long been destroyed.

•

•

•

•

Shopping

•

SM City Cagayan de Oro Cagayan de Oro is the shopping capital of the Northern Mindanao region. Residents from nearby provinces visit the city to shop and enjoy the mall facilities, with numerous of department stores, supermarkets, retail stores and modern public markets. Among the biggest malls in the city is Limketkai

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Center. It was established more than a decade ago. SM Prime Holdings and Robinsons Land Corporation are drawing plans to further expand their mall operations in the city proper. Shopping Centers and Malls • The Pride of Cagayan de Oro Limketkai Center covers around 25 hectares making it one of the most expansive commercial complexes in the country. It is located in Barangay Lapasan, near the National Highway. The first mall in the city and outside Metro Manila. It is owned by Limketkai Corporation, a local company. There are 4 cinemas, the biggest in the city. It has a supermarket and department store operated by Plaza Fair and Robinsons. There are several boutiques, food outlets and small shops (Tiangge) operating. It caters to class A and B crowd. The Atrium (Entertainment Hall) can accommodate over 3,000 people and has already hosted several local and foreign concerts, conventions, exhibits, and other events. Events held in the Atrium include concerts by local and foreign artists, beauty pageants, including the annual Miss Kagay-an Tourism, local and national conventions. • Robinsons Cagayan de Oro is located behind the Limketkai Mall. It is right beside Grand Caprice Restaurant and Convention Center. • MAKRO Cagayan de Oro - National Highway • Trendline • Palaña Discount Plaza • Dilao Shopping Center - Carmen and Cogon • SM City Cagayan de Oro • Plaza Fair - Limketkai Center • Golden Bell Grand Center - Capistrano Street • Ororama Megacenter - National Highway • Ororama Supercenter - J.R. Borja Street • Ororama Carmen • Gaisano City Mall - Corrales Extension cor. C.M. Recto Avenue • Gaisano Carmen - Max Suniel Street • Gaisano Cogon - cor. Daumar Street • Gaisano Osmeña - Pres. Osmeña Street • Gaisano SukiClub - Capt. Vicente Roa Street • Divisoria Night Café and Market is set up on Friday and Saturday nights. Locals and visitors gather in the streets of Divisoria

Cagayan de Oro City
to have barbecue and seafood, among many choices, and enjoy the music, beer, and also the great bargains from the nearby Night Market.[20] • Rosario Arcade Public Markets There are five public markets in the city, namely: Cogon, Puerto, Carmen, Agora-Lapasan and Bulua. Cogon Public Market is the main market in the city. It caters to the masses (Class C, D and E). There are interesting stuff you can buy at a cheap price from Muslim wares, fresh vegetables, handicrafts, herbs and meat. You can haggle with the price if you want. • Carmen Public Market • Cogon Public Market • Puerto Market • Agora-Lapasan Market - Under renovation • Bulua Market Proposed Shopping Center and Malls • Ayala Center Cagayan de Oro[22] - C.M. Recto Avenue • Pacific Island City Mall - Barangay Nazareth • SM City Cagayan de Oro - City Proper Expansion • Robinsons Cagayan de Oro - City Proper Expansion

Sister Cities
There are 3 sister cities in Cagayan de Oro as designated in Sister Cities International, Inc. (SCI), namely: Tainan, Taiwan (2005) Harbin, China (2007) Norfolk, United States (2008)

See also
• Northern Mindanao • List of mayors of Cagayan de Oro City

External links
• Official Website of the Government of Cagayan de Oro • Cagayan de Oro Socio-Economic Profile • Cagayan de Oro Online Tourist Guide • Cagayan de Oro Photoblog, Updated regularly

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Cagayan de Oro City
[8] Cagayan De Oro City: Population Growth Rate Declined to 1.63 Percent [9] http://www.gov.ph/news/?i=23237 [10] Waiting for the flight from Laguindingan, Philippine Daily Inquirer, July 22, 2007 [11] Arroyo to inaugurate int’l airport project, Sun.Star Cagayan de Oro, January 11, 2006 [12] Infrastructure of Cagayan de Oro [13] P250-M rehab for Mindanao’s biggest port completed - INQUIRER.net, Philippine News for Filipinos [14] :: WWW.PNP.GOV.PH :: Philippine National Police [15] Whitewater Kayaking with KayakDomain.com[1] [16] Cagayan de Oro Tourism Website [17] Whitewater Rafting [18] GMA goes whitewater rafting in Cagayan de Oro - and looks forward to mountain climbing : Philippines : Gov.Ph : News [19] Gardens of Malasag Eco-Tourism Village [20] ^ Cagayan De Oro Travel Guide [21] http://www.cagayandeoro.cdo.ph/pages/ gln_history.htm [22] http://kagayandeoro.blogspot.com/2008/ 09/jaraula-confirms-p45-b-ayala-mallto.html]]

Notes References
[1] Cityscape of Cagayan de Oro [2] Cagayan Name [3] Antonio J. Montalvan II. "History of Cagyan de Oro, with Update on Destruction of Ancestral Home". Heritage Conservation Advocates, Philippines. http://heritage.elizaga.net/ history/. [4] "CENTRAL LUZON & NCR, Philippines Unsung Heroes". MSC Institute of Technology. http://www.msc.edu.ph/ centennial/hero/ncr/page3.html. [5] Philippine History Group of Los Angeles (1996-07-04). The Independence Day That Wasn’t. Press release. http://www.bibingka.com/phg/misc/ july4not.htm. [6] ^ Cagayan de Oro City Official Website [7] "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Cagayan de Oro, Philippines". Weatherbase. 2007. http://www.weatherbase.com/weather/ weather.php3?s=84789&refer=. Retrieved on 2007-02-04.

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