Physical Science Vocabulary Worksheets

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					            BARTLESVILLE SCHOOLS - SCIENCE DEPARTMENT

                               9th Grade Physical Science

                                    Curricular Objectives
                                               Revised Spring 2010



9th Grade Physical Science                     Quarter: 1
Objective PHYSCI-1-A                     Duration: 4 ½ week
           Abacus number 01-SCPS-05
1.           Methods of Science and Measurement                                                   (Local, State, National)
         A. Use a systematic approach to identify, formulate, and solve problems via the
         scientific method.

Suggested Teaching Strategies – CPO Ch. 1

     Students will define related vocabulary terms; use pre-reading guides to introduce them to the text; and fill in
     guided outline during class discussion.

Use various observation tools and techniques in the laboratory.

Observation/inference: demonstrate differences between observations and inferences using Styrofoam cups and
acetone. See Aligned Resources list below.

Use a sample experiment to identify the dependent and independent variable, constant, and control.

Use various worksheets and activities compare and contrast hypothesis, theory, and scientific law.

Aligned Resources

Core Lab 1: Investigations and Experiments (CPO Investigation 1.2)

Other Labs and Activities:
 a) Mystery Jar Activity
 b) Time and Distance Lab (CPO Investigation 1.1)
 c) Styrofoam Cup / Acetone Observation Activity
 d) Candle Observation Activity

Videotape: Scientific Method with corresponding worksheet. Various worksheets and activities available.
9th Grade Physical Science                       Quarter: 1
Objective PHYSCI-1-B                       Duration: 2½ weeks
              Abacus number 01-SCPS-115 (graphing; PASS PS9-12.4.3
              and Abacus number 01-SCPS-80 (SI units; PASS PS9-12.1.3)
1.             Methods of Science and Measurement                                                     (Local, State, National)
          B.             Two methods of gaining and interpreting information are the SI system of
          measurement and graphing.
                ·     Use appropriate System International (SI) units (i.e., grams, meters, liters,
                degrees Celsius, and seconds); and SI prefixes (i.e. micro-, milli-, centi-, and
                kilo-) when measuring objects and/or events.
                ·     Interpret line, bar, trend, and circle graphs.

Suggested Teaching Strategies – CPO Ch. 1 and 2

     Students will define related vocabulary terms; use pre-reading guides to introduce them to the text; and fill in
     guided outline during class discussion.

     Use visual aids to compare English to SI systems of measurement (Meter sticks vs. yard sticks, liter vs. gallon,
     etc.).

     Define and identify the need for standards of measurement.

     Name the SI prefixes used and indicate what multiple of ten each represents.

     Identify dependent and independent variables on graphs.

     Interpret graphs.

                                             3
     Demonstrate volume using decimeter (liter) cube.



Aligned Resources

Core Lab 2: Using a Scientific Model (CPO Investigation 2.1) – Predicting Speed

Other Labs and Activities:
       M&M/ Smarties Graphing Activity
       Brainstretchers
       Introduction to Graphing Packet
       Metric Scavenger Hunt
       Mini-Metric Olympics Lab
       Optional: Decimeter Cube Project

Videotape: Scientific Measurement with corresponding worksheet
Demonstration equipment: cubic decimeter and various volumetric vessels.

Various worksheets and activities.
9th Grade Physical Science        Quarter: 4
Objective PHYSCI-2         Duration: 1 week
      Abacus number 01-SCPS-15 (PASS PS9-12.3.5)
2.           Laboratory Safety                                                                    (Local, State, National)
     Safety awareness and proper lab procedures are of utmost importance when working with
     the following: glassware, chemicals, and electrical equipment.
              ·      Identify potential hazards and practice safety procedures in all science
              activities.



Suggested Teaching Strategies – Not in CPO

     Students will define related vocabulary terms and fill in guided outline during class discussion.

Identify and locate safety equipment in the laboratory (eyewash, safety shower, fire blanket & extinguisher, etc.).

Introduce safety procedures in all laboratory circumstances.

Identify lab equipment and proper usage techniques.

Review safety symbols.



Aligned Resources

Core Lab 11: Laboratory Technique Performances (not a CPO lab)

Other Labs and Activities:
       Demonstration of 7 Basic Lab Techniques
       Equipment Identification

Various handouts, worksheets, and activities available from dept. coordinator.
9th Grade Physical Science                     Quarter: 4
Objective PHYSCI-3-A                    Duration: 1 ½ week
     Abacus number 01-SCPS-20 (PASS CSPHYSCI 1.1)
    3.           Structure and Properties of Matter: All matter is made up of atoms. Its          (Local, State, National)
    structure is made up of repeating patterns and has characteristic properties.
         A.           Matter is made up of minute particles called atoms, and atoms are           2002-03 PASS Content
         composed of even smaller components (i.e., protons, neutrons, and electrons).            Standards:
           Local:            Atoms are the basic building blocks of all matter. Atoms are         Physical Science: 1.1
           composed of subatomic particles called protons, neutrons, and electrons.



Suggested Teaching Strategies – CPO Ch. 18

    Students will define related vocabulary terms; use pre-reading guides to introduce them to the text; and fill in
    guided outline during class discussion.

Introduce three subatomic particles through use of 3-D models.

Provide reference for size of subatomic particles and atoms through the use of verbal examples.

Introduce characteristics of each subatomic particle.

Use worksheets and activities to reinforce students understanding of atomic structure.



Aligned Resources

Core Lab 14: States of Matter (CPO Investigation 16.3)

Various handouts, worksheets, and activities available from dept. coordinator.

3-D models available through chemistry and constructed by students.

Various worksheets and activities available.
9th Grade Physical Science                     Quarter: 4
Objective PHYSCI-3-B                     Duration: 1 ½ week
      Abacus number 01-SCPS-25 (PASS CSPHYSCI 1.2)
3.            Structure and Properties of Matter:                                                 (Local, State, National)
     All matter is made up of atoms. Its structure is made up of repeating patterns and has
     characteristic properties.                                                                   2002-03 PASS Content
         B.            An element is composed of a single type of atoms. When elements are        Standards:
         listed in order according to the number of protons (called the atomic number),           Physical Science: 1.2
         repeating patterns of physical and chemical properties identify families of elements
         with similar properties.
            Local:            This is the basis of the Periodic Table.

Suggested Teaching Strategies – CPO Ch. 18

     Students will define related vocabulary terms; use pre-reading guides to introduce them to the text; and fill in
     guided outline during class discussion.

     Use periodic table to introduce the pattern and characteristics associated with each family (not in CPO text).
     Reinforce understanding by having students color code a periodic table.

     Check student understanding of periodic table arrangement filling out a blank periodic chart.

     Reinforce student understanding of chemical and physical properties of elements using worksheets and activities.

Aligned Resources

No Core Lab for this unit.

Other Labs and Activities:
        Students compete in an Element Bee.

Classroom periodic table – color coded

Textbook and Agenda periodic tables.

Video: “The Periodic Table” (available in chemistry room)

Various worksheets and activities available.
9th Grade Physical Science                     Quarter: 4
Objective PHYSCI-3-C                      Duration: 2 weeks
      Abacus number 01-SCPS-30 (PASS CSPHYSCI 1.3)
3.           Structure and Properties of Matter:                                                    (Local, State, National)
     All matter is made up of atoms. Its structure is made up of repeating patterns and has
     characteristic properties.                                                                     2002-03 PASS Content
              C.            Matter has characteristic properties, such as boiling points, melting   Standards:
              points, and density, which distinguish pure substances and can be used to separate Physical Science: 1.3
              one substance from another.




Suggested Teaching Strategies – CPO Ch. 16 & 17

     Students will define related vocabulary terms; use pre-reading guides to introduce them to the text; and fill in
     guided outline during class discussion.

     Students identify an unknown metal based on its density.

     Reinforce student understanding of physical properties of substances using a variety of worksheets and activities.

Aligned Resources

Core Lab 13: Density Column Lab (CPO Investigation 17.2)
Core Lab 14: States of Matter (CPO Investigation 16.3)

Other Labs and Activities:
     How is Matter Measured (CPO Investigation 16.2) à optional: find % sugar in gum
     Properties of Solids (CPO Investigation 17.1) – Density Lab
     Buoyancy of Fluids (CPO Investigation 17.3) – Aluminum Foil Boat Lab
     Demonstration – Density of Coke vs. Diet Coke
     Optional – students may construct a cubic decimeter or cubic centimeter

Various worksheets and activities available.
9th Grade Physical Science                     Quarter: 4
Objective PHYSCI-3-D                     Duration: 2 week
      Abacus number 01-SCPS-35
3.            Structure and Properties of Matter:                                                 (Local, State, National)
     All matter is made up of atoms. Its structure is made up of repeating patterns and has
     characteristic properties.
         D.            Composition of matter includes: classifying substances as either
         elements or compounds, and classifying mixtures as homogenous or heterogeneous.

Suggested Teaching Strategies – CPO Ch. 16

     Students will define related vocabulary terms; use pre-reading guides to introduce them to the text; and fill in
     guided outline during class discussion.

Use a variety of materials to demonstrate the differences of elements, compounds, and mixtures.

Reinforce student understanding using a variety of worksheets and activities.

Aligned Resources

Core Lab 12: Separation of Mixtures (not a CPO Lab)
Core Lab 15: Nuts and Bolts (CPO Investigation 19.3)

Other Labs and Activities:
     Classifying Matter (CPO Investigation 16.1) – Paper Chromatography

Materials available in Physical Science stockrooms.

Video: “Elements, compounds and mixtures” (in chemistry room).

Variety of activities and worksheets available through dept. coordinator.
9th Grade Physical Science        Quarter: 4
Objective PHYSCI-4         Duration: 1 week
      Abacus number 01-SCPS-40
4.             Chemical Reactions                                                                    (Local, State, National)
     A compound is formed when two or more kinds of atom combine together chemically.
     Each compound has unique chemical and physical properties. In chemical reactions, the           Former PASS Strand X
     total mass is conserved.

Suggested Teaching Strategies – CPO Ch. 19 & 20

     Students will define related vocabulary terms; use pre-reading guides to introduce them to the text; and fill in
     guided outline during class discussion.

Reinforce student understanding using worksheets and activities.

Several labs will be done (see below).

Aligned Resources

Core Lab 15: Comparing Molecules (CPO Investigation 19.3) – Nuts and Bolts

Other Labs and Activities:

     Chemical Changes (CPO Investigation 20.1) – What is the evidence that a chemical change has occurred?
     Demonstration – The Hydrogen Balloon (combustion)
     Demonstration – Mentos in Diet Coke

Optional lab: Chemical Putty.

Various worksheets and activities available.



9th Grade Physical Science                      Quarter: 1
Objective PHYSCI-5-A                      Duration: 2 weeks
      Abacus number 01-SCPS-50 (PASS CSPHYSCI2.1)
5.             Motion and Forces                                                                     (Local, State, National)
     The motion of an object can be described by its position, direction of motion, and speed.
     A change in motion occurs when a net force is applied.                                          2002-03 PASS Content
          A.           Objects change their motion only when a net force is applied. Laws of         Standards:
          motion are used to determine (local standard: calculate precisely) the effects of forces Physical Science: 2.1
          on the motion of objects.

Suggested Teaching Strategies – CPO Ch. 3.1 and 3.3
    Students will define related vocabulary terms; use pre-reading guides to introduce them to the text; and fill in
    guided outline during class discussion.

    Demonstrate the independence of vertical and horizontal motion using the simultaneous velocities demonstrator.

    Demonstrate the law of conservation of momentum and Newton’s third law of motion, using the Astro-blaster and
    Newtonian demonstrator.

    Demonstrate centripetal forces and acceleration using the gyroscopic bicycle wheel.

    Reinforce student understanding using worksheets and activities.

Aligned Resources

Core Lab 3: Newton’s Laws Hands-on Lab



Demonstration equipment: Simultaneous velocities demonstrator – Projectile Launcher

    Demonstration equipment: Astro-blaster. Demonstration equipment: Gyroscopic bicycle wheel. Demonstration
    equipment: Newtonian demonstrator, egg drop, table cloth trick, FMA meterstick.

Videotapes:
        Galileo on the Shoulders of Giants and corresponding worksheets.
      Force, Mass an d Acceleration Short Videos and corresponding worksheets.



Various worksheets and activities available.
9th Grade Physical Science                     Quarter: 1
Objective PHYSCI-5-B                     Duration: 1 week
      Abacus number 01-SCPS-55 (PASS CSPHYSCI2.2)
5.            Motion and Forces:                                                                   (Local, State, National)
     The motion of an object can be described by its position, direction of motion, and speed.
     A change in motion occurs when a net force is applied.                                        2002-03 PASS Content
         B.            Gravitation is a universal force that each mass exerts on any other mass.   Standards:
                                                                                                   Physical Science: 2.2




Suggested Teaching Strategies – CPO Ch. 3.2

     Students will define related vocabulary terms; use pre-reading guides to introduce them to the text; and fill in
     guided outline during class discussion.

Optional - Demonstrate weightlessness using Styrofoam cup and colored water.

Distinguish between mass and weight using various activities and worksheets.

Reinforce student understanding using worksheets and activities.

Aligned Resources

No core labs for this objective.

Labs and Activities:
     Air Resistance Demonstration
     Coin Race
     Book/Paper drop
     Spaceballs

Various worksheets and activities available in Glencoe Physical Science.
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9 Grade Physical Science                                 Quarter: 1
Objective PHYSCI-6-A                                Duration: 3 weeks
       Abacus number 01-SCPS-60 (PASS CSPHYSCI3.1)
      6.             Interactions of Energy and Matter: Energy, such as potential, kinetic, and field, interacts   (Local, State, National)
      with matter and is transferred during these interactions.
                                                                                                                   2002-03 PASS Content
           A.               All energy can be considered to be either kinetic energy, which is the
                                                                                                                   Standards:
           energy of motion; potential energy, which depends on relative position; or energy
                                                                                                                   Physical Science: 3.1
           contained by a field, such as electromagnetic waves.


Suggested Teaching Strategies – CPO Ch. 5

      Students will define related vocabulary terms; use pre-reading guides to introduce them to the text; and fill in
      guided outline during class discussion.

      Reinforce student understanding using worksheets and activities.

Aligned Resources

Core Lab 4: Energy Conservation (CPO Investigation 5.2) – Roller Coaster Lab

Other Labs and Activities:
      Amusement Park Physics

Various worksheets and activities available in Glencoe Physical Science.
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9 Grade Physical Science                            Quarter: 3
Objective PHYSCI-6-B                          Duration: 7weeks + 2 weeks

       Abacus number 01-SCPS-65 (PASS CSPHYSCI3.2)
      6.              Interactions of Energy and Matter:                                             (Local, State, National)
                  Energy, such as potential, kinetic, and field, interacts with matter and is
           transferred during these interactions.                                                    2002-03 PASS Content
             B.            Waves, including sounds and seismic waves, waves on water, and light      Standards:
             waves, have energy and can transfer energy when they interact with matter (such as      Physical Science: 3.2
             used in telescopes, solar power, and telecommunication technology).
                  Local:              Waves (sound and light) have energy and can transfer energy
                  when they interact with matter.


Suggested Teaching Strategies – CPO Ch. 11 through 14 (11 & 12 are Waves; 13 is Sound; 14 is Light)

                                                        nd                                      rd
**NOTE: Ch. 11 and 12 about Waves are done 2                 Quarter; Ch. 13 and 14 are done 3 Quarter
      Students will define related vocabulary terms; use pre-reading guides to introduce them to the text; and fill in
      guided outline during class discussion.
      Demonstrations:
           a) Differences between transverse and compressional waves using slinky and springs.
              b) The relationship between wavelength, frequency, and wave velocity. (Check student understanding through
           the use of worksheets.)
              c) Explain the concept of speed variation with change in media through demonstration with bell jar/door bell
           and refraction, reflection worksheets.
              d) Differentiate primary from secondary colors of light & pigment using light box, glow sticks, color discs, …
              e) The polarization of light using filters.

      Have students measure the intensity of different sounds using the decibel meters.

Aligned Resources

Ch. 11 and 12:
 Core Lab 7: Harmonic Motion (CPO Investigation 11.1) – Pendulum Lab
 Core Lab 8: Natural Frequency and Resonance (CPO Investigation 12.3)

Other Labs and Activities:
      Graphs of Harmonic Motion (CPO Investigation 11.2)

Ch. 13 and 14:
 Core Lab 9: Introduction to Sound (CPO Investigation 13.1)
 Core Lab 10: Introduction to Light (CPO Investigation 14.1 and 14.2)



Various worksheets and activities available.

Videotape: Exploring Sound with corresponding worksheet.
         Exploring Light with corresponding worksheet.
          Sound and Fury movie
         Tacoma Bridge short clip

Supplemental materials: Tuning forks/resonance box, videodiscs player (Doppler effect), resonance tubes, decibel
meters, slinky, wave springs, prisms, light box, glow sticks, polarizing filters/tape, spectroscope tubes, diffraction
grating glasses and lenses, straw kazoos.
 th
9 Grade Physical Science                        Quarter: 3
Objective PHYSCI-6-C                       Duration: see previous objective

                  Abacus number 01-SCPS-70
6.             Interactions of Energy and Matter:                                                      (Local, State, National)
      Energy, such as potential, kinetic, and field, interacts with matter and is transferred during
      these interactions.                                                                              2002-03 PASS Content
          C.            Electromagnetic waves result when a charged object is accelerated or           Standards:
          decelerated. Sound waves and electromagnetic waves are fundamentally different.              Physics 3.1
                                                                                                       (Locally transferred from
                                                                                                       Physics to this course.)


Suggested Teaching Strategies – Included with PHYSCI-6-B above (Ch. 14.1)

      Students will define related vocabulary terms; use pre-reading guides to introduce them to the text; and fill in
      guided outline during class discussion.

      Have students draw and construct the electromagnetic spectrum and list applications of each type of
      electromagnetic wave.
      Demonstrate the relationship between wavelength, frequency, photon energy and wave velocity. Check student
      understanding through the use of worksheets.
      Have students identify individual unknown elements by comparison of emissions spectrum with emissions chart.

Aligned Resources

Supplemental materials: Prisms, light box, glow sticks, polarizing filters/tape, emission tubes, power source for
emission tubes, diffraction grating glasses and lenses.
 th
9 Grade Physical Science                         Quarter: 2
Objective PHYSCI-6-D                       Duration: 3 weeks
       Abacus number 01-SCPS-72
      6.            Interactions of Energy and Matter:                                                 (Local, State, National)
      Energy, such as potential, kinetic, and field, interacts with matter and is transferred during
      these interactions.
               D.            Electricity is an integral part of our lives. It occurs in two types:
               static and current.

Suggested Teaching Strategies – CPO Ch. 6 through 9

      Students will define related vocabulary terms; use pre-reading guides to introduce them to the text; and fill in
      guided outline during class discussion.

      Students learn through conducting a series of labs (see below).

      Reinforce student understanding using worksheets and activities.

Aligned Resources

Core Lab 5: Resistance (CPO Investigation 7.3) – Conductors and Insulators
Core Lab 6: Introduction to Electric Circuits (CPO Investigation 9.1) – Series and Parallel Circuits

Other Labs and Activities:
      Virtual Electricity Lab (on computers in computer lab)



Videotape: Lightning with corresponding worksheets.
                    Ben Franklin with corresponding worksheets.

Various worksheets and activities available.

Supplemental materials: Tesla Coil Demonstrations, Static Globe, energy ball, etc.

				
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