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Harry Reid

Harry Reid
Harry Reid In office January 3, 2001 – January 20, 2001 Leader Preceded by Succeeded by Tom Daschle Don Nickles (R) Don Nickles (R)

27th United States Senate Majority Whip In office June 6, 2001 – January 3, 2003 Leader Preceded by Succeeded by Tom Daschle Don Nickles (R) Mitch McConnell (R)

27th United States Senate Minority Whip In office January 3, 1999 – January 3, 2001 January 20 - June 6, 2001 January 3, 2003 - January 3, 2005 Leader Preceded by United States Senator from Nevada Incumbent Assumed office January 3, 1987 Serving with John Ensign Preceded by Paul Laxalt Succeeded by Tom Daschle Wendell Ford (1999) Don Nickles (2001) Don Nickles (2001) Richard Durbin (2005)

Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Nevada’s 1st district In office January 3, 1983 – January 3, 1987 Preceded by Succeeded by James David Santini (At-large) James Bilbray

24th United States Senate Majority Leader Incumbent Assumed office January 4, 2007 Deputy Preceded by Richard Durbin Bill Frist (R)

Lieutenant Governor of Nevada In office 1971 – 1975 Governor Preceded by Succeeded by Mike O’Callaghan Edward Fike Robert Rose

21st United States Senate Minority Leader In office January 3, 2005 – January 3, 2007 Deputy Preceded by Succeeded by Richard Durbin Tom Daschle (D) Mitch McConnell (R)

Chairman of the Nevada Gaming Commission In office 1977 – 1981 Appointed by Born Mike O’Callaghan December 2, 1939 (1939-12-02) Searchlight, Nevada

25th United States Senate Majority Whip


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Political party Spouse Children Residence Alma mater Profession Religion Website Democratic Landra Gould Lana, Rory, Leif, Josh, Key Searchlight, Nevada Utah State University, George Washington University Lawyer The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints Official site

Harry Reid
lieutenant governor in 1970, the same year his mentor O’Callaghan was elected governor. He served in that office until 1974, when he ran for the U.S. Senate seat being vacated by Alan Bible. He lost by fewer than 600 votes to former Governor Paul Laxalt. In 1975, Reid ran for Las Vegas mayor and lost again, this time to Bill Briare.[1] Reid then served as chairman of the Nevada Gaming Commission from 1977 to 1981, a post that subjected him to death threats. Reid’s wife once found a bomb attached to one of their cars.[2] Jack Gordon also tried to bribe Reid. Reid allowed the FBI to tape Gordon’s attempt to bribe him with $12,000, which led to Gordon’s conviction in federal court in 1979 and sentence to six months in prison.[3]

Harry Mason Reid (born December 2, 1939) is the senior United States Senator from Nevada and a member of the Democratic Party, as well as the U.S. Senate Majority Leader as of the 111th Congress. Reid has been leader of the Senate Democrats since 2005, serving as Minority Leader from 2005 until the Democrats won control of the Senate in the 2006 congressional elections. He is the first member of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints to serve as Senate Majority Leader.

U.S. Representative: 1982-1987
Prior to the 1980 census, Nevada had only one member in the United States House of Representatives, but population growth in the 1970s resulted in the state picking up a second district. Reid won the Democratic nomination for the 1st District, based in Las Vegas, in 1982, and easily won the general election. He served two terms in the House, from 1983 to 1987.

Reid was born in Searchlight, Nevada, the son of a miner in the hardscrabble camp 50 miles southeast of Las Vegas. He attended Basic High School in Henderson, Nevada, where he played football and met future Nevada governor Mike O’Callaghan, who was a teacher at Basic at the time. Reid attended Southern Utah University and Utah State University. He then got his juris doctor from George Washington University, while paying for law school while working for the United States Capitol Police. Reid became Henderson’s city attorney after law school, then a state assemblyman. At age 30, Reid was chosen by O’Callaghan as his running mate for Nevada’s lieutenant governor.

U.S. Senator: 1987-2009
In 1986, Reid won the Democratic nomination for the seat of retiring two-term incumbent Paul Laxalt. He defeated former at-large Congressman Jim Santini, a Democrat who had turned Republican, in the November election. He coasted to reelection in 1992. However, he barely defeated 1st District Congressman John Ensign in 1998 in the midst of a statewide Republican sweep. In 2004, Reid won reelection with 61 percent of the vote, gaining the endorsement of several Republicans. Ensign was elected to Nevada’s other Senate seat in 2000. He and Reid have a very good relationship, despite their bruising contest in 1998. The two frequently work together on Nevada issues.

Political career: 1967-2009
Further information: Harry Reid Electoral history of

From 1999 to 2005, Reid served as Senate Democratic Whip. He served as minority whip from 1999 to 2001 and again from 2003 to 2005, and as majority whip from 2001 to 2003 (except for a brief period from January-

Nevada politics: 1967-1981
Reid was elected to the Nevada State Assembly in 1967. He left after being elected


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May 2001). From 2001 to 2003, he served as chairman of the Senate Ethics Committee. Reid succeeded Tom Daschle as minority leader in 2005, and gained notoriety for his confrontational approach in dealing with the Republican majority and President George W. Bush. He became majority leader after the 2006 elections. Reid was re-elected Majority Leader by the Democratic caucus without an opposition on November 18, 2008, winning all 57 votes.[4]

Harry Reid
Action (ADA) with the ratings by the American Conservative Union (ACU).[5] Reid has scored a lifetime conservative rating of 19% from the ACU,[6] and a 2008 liberal rating of 70% from the ADA.[7] Other independent ratings include a 100% rating from NARAL in 2001, and a 57% rating by Planned Parenthood in 2006.[8] Reid has spearheaded several initiatives while in Congress. In 2006 Reid co-sponsored the "Prevention First Amendment" with Hillary Clinton, which would fund abortion prevention efforts, such as giving women broader access to contraception; however the bill received Republican opposition and failed.[9] In January 2007, Reid brought a Senate ethics reform bill to a vote to bar congressional members from accepting gifts, meals, and trips from lobbyists and organization employing them, as well as baring Senators from borrowing corporate jets for travel and compelling them to disclose the names of sponsors, or authors, of bills and specific projects. The bill passed 96 to 2.[10] Regarding specific issues, Reid believes in a restricted right to abortion, stating that "abortions should be legal only when the pregnancy resulted from incest, rape, or when the life of the woman is endangered."[11] He has also voted several times to ban the "intact dilation and evacuation" or "partial-birth abortion" procedure.[12] Regarding same-sex marriage, Reid has stated he believes "...marriage should be between a man and a woman." He voted in favor of the Defense of Marriage Act but against the Federal Marriage Amendment.[13] He is historically in favor of the death penalty,[14] stem cell research,[15] and gun control.[16] He also supports legislation for $15 billion in tax breaks for large oil companies, aiming to put the money toward renewable energy sources. With regards to local issues, Reid has firmly opposed the proposed Yucca Mountain federal nuclear waste repository in Nevada. Reid called immigration reform one of his top priorities for the 110th Congress and supports the DREAM Act which would make it easier for young people who are not citizens of the United States but are permanent residents to attend college or university in the United States.[17][18] He also opposed a Constitutional amendment to make English the national language of the United States.[19]

Committee memberships
• • (Ex officio)

Political positions

President Barack Obama shakes hands with Reid after signing the Omnibus Public Lands Management Act of 2009 on March 30, 2009

Reid speaking at the State Children’s Health Insurance Program Art Exhibit press conference A method that some political scientists use for gauging ideology is to compare the annual ratings by the Americans for Democratic


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Reid has supported the use of force in the Middle East but has called for a drastic change in strategy.[20] In January 1991 he voted to authorize military force in Iraq to liberate Kuwait,[21] quoting John F. Kennedy’s 1963 State of the Union speech on the Senate floor, saying "the mere absence of war is not Peace".[22][23] He also voted in support of the 2003 invasion of Iraq,[24][25] and in March 2007 he voted in favor of "redeploying US troops out of Iraq by March 2008".[25] Later that year, however, he said, "As long as we follow [President Bush’s] path in Iraq, the war is lost."[26]

Harry Reid
$50,000 from four tribes with gaming interests between 2001 and 2004 after they hired Abramoff,"[34] which would have introduced a conflict of interest. However, the Senate Ethics Committee never accused Reid of violating Senate ethics rules.[35]

Cultural and political image
Part of Harry Reid’s confrontation with Frank Rosenthal is reenacted in the 1995 movie Casino.[36][37] Reid had a cameo role in the movie Traffic (2000), in which he played himself.[38] He appeared along with Senators Sam Brownback and Barack Obama in the 2007 documentary film Sand and Sorrow, which details the genocide in Sudan.[39]

Over the years Reid has been the subject of several criticism from both sides of the political aisle. Liberal critics argue that Reid is not doing enough to end the American military presence in Iraq,[27] and that he is allowing Senate Republicans to create a 60-vote bar for passage of bills without actually filibustering.[28][29][30] Reid has also been criticized for several potentially self-enriching tactics. In 2005 Reid earmarked a spending bill to provide for building a bridge between Nevada and Arizona that would make land he owned more valuable. Reid called funding for construction of a bridge over the Colorado River, among other projects, ’incredibly good news for Nevada’ in a news release after passage of the 2005 transportation bill. He owned 160 acres (0.65 km2) of land several miles from the proposed bridge site in Arizona. The bridge could add value to his real estate investment.[31] A year later it was reported that Reid had used campaign donations to pay for $3,300 in Christmas gifts to the staff at the condominium where he resides[32]; federal election law prohibits candidates from using political donations for personal use. Reid’s staff stated that his attorneys had approved use of the funds in this manner but that he nonetheless would personally reimburse his campaign for the expenses. That action notwithstanding, the conservative group Citizens United announced it had filed a complaint with the Federal Election Commission to investigate the matter.[33] In 2006 Reid was also brought under question as to his possible involvement in the Jack Abramoff Indian lobbying scandal, in that he purportedly "received more than

Reid speaks during the third night of the 2008 Democratic National Convention in Denver, Colorado. National opinion polls have shown Senate Majority Leader Reid’s job approval to be low or unfavorable.[40][41] Democrats as a whole in the United States Congress also receive low approval ratings, although almost always higher than their Republican peers.[42][43] An October 2007 Las Vegas Review-Journal favorability poll indicated 51 percent of Nevadans view Reid unfavorably, with 32 percent indicating favorability.[44] A December 2007 Las Vegas Review-Journal job approval poll showed 42 percent of Nevadans rating Reid "poor," 41 percent "excellent or good," and 16 percent "only fair."[45] Reid’s national approval rating is in the teens.[46]


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Harry Reid

Family and personal life
Reid and his wife have five children, one of whom, Rory Reid, is an elected Commissioner for Clark County, Nevada, and another who recently ran for municipal office in Cottonwood Heights, Utah.[47] Reid is a first generation member of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.[48] Reid and his wife, who was born to Jewish parents, converted to Mormonism while Reid was a college student.[3] He stated in an interview with Brigham Young University’s Daily Universe that "I think it is much easier to be a good member of the Church and a Democrat than a good member of the Church and a Republican." He went on to say that the Democrats’ emphasis on helping others, as opposed to what he considers Republican dogma to the contrary, is the reason he’s a Democrat.[49] He delivered a speech at BYU to about 20,000 students on October 9, 2007 in which he expressed his opinion that Democratic values mirror Mormon values.[50]

[1] barb99/barb8-29-99.html [2] Suellentrop, Chris (2004-12-22), "Harry Reid Is Not Boring", Slate,, retrieved on 2008-03-17. [3] ^ Walsh, Elsa (2005-08-08), "Minority Retort: How a pro-gun, anti-abortion Nevadan leads the Senate’s Democrats", The New Yorker, 08/08/050808fa_fact?printable=true, retrieved on 2008-03-17. [4] "U.S. Senate Majority Leader", OurCampaigns, RaceDetail.html?RaceID=409536, retrieved on 2009-02-09. [5] Mayer, William (2004-03-28), "Kerry’s Record Rings a Bell", The Washington Post, ac2/wp-dyn/ A28761-2004Mar27?language=printer, retrieved on 2008-06-07. [6] "2007 U.S. Senate Votes", American Conservative Union,

2007all.htm#NV, retrieved on 2008-09-20. [7] "ADA’s 2008 Congressional Voting Record" (PDF), Americans for Democratic Action, votingrecords/2008.pdf, retrieved on 2009-02-07. [8] "Senator Harry M. Reid", Project Vote Smart, issue_rating_category.php?can_id=S0561103, retrieved on 2008-04-04. [9] "Reid, Clinton Detail Prevention First Amendment", Democratic Party, 2005-03-17, ~dpc/press/05/2005317532.html, retrieved on 2008-04-03. [10] Kirkpatrick, David D. (2007-01-19), "Senate Passes Vast Ethics Overhaul", The New York Times, washington/ 19ethics.html?ei=5070&en=69e076d27674558c&ex retrieved on 2009-02-09. [11] "Senator Harry M. Reid Issue Positions", Project Vote Smart,, retrieved on 2008-03-17. [12] Curry, Tom (2007-04-19), "Supreme Court ruling raises ’08 stakes", MSNBC, 18201772/, retrieved on 2008-03-17. [13] "Harry Reid on Abortion", On the Issues, Harry_Reid_Abortion.htm, retrieved on 2008-04-04. [14] "Harry Reid on Crime", On the Issues, Harry_Reid.htm#Crime, retrieved on 2009-02-09. [15] Reid, Harry M., "George Bush Vetos Stem Cell Research", Give ’em Hell Harry, page/community/post_group/VIPs/Vjx, retrieved on 2009-02-09. [16] "Harry Reid on Gun Control", On the Issues, Senate/Harry_Reid.htm#Gun_Control, retrieved on 2009-02-09. [17] Deutsch, Robert (2006-12-30), "Advocates hope new Congress will act on immigration reform", USA Today, 2006-12-30-immigration_x.htm, retrieved on 2009-02-14.


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Harry Reid

[18] "Immigration", Reid Senate site, [45] Reid’s ratings mixed in poll [46] immigration.cfm, retrieved on article.php?id=2985 2009-02-14. [47] "About Harry Reid", U.S. Senate, [19] "Harry Reid", On the Issues,, retrieved on 2008-03-17. Harry_Reid.htm, retrieved on [48] Tumulty, Karen (January 12, 2007), "The 2008-04-04. Democrats’ Inside Man", Time Magazine, [20] Yahoo News [21] "Slim Senate Majority Is Expected But article/0,9171,1576850-2,00.html, House Backing Appears Solid". The New retrieved on 2007-04-24. York Times. Published January 12, 1991. [49] Snow, Tyson (2001-02-24), "Sen. Reid [22] State of the Union Address: John F. explains Mormonism and liberal Kennedy (January 14, 1963) -agenda", BYU Newsnet (Brigham Young University), [23] Google News Archives Search done on story.cfm/13779, retrieved on December 13, 2007. 2008-03-17. [24] - Bush gains more [50] McFarland, Sheena (2007-10-09), "Reid support for Iraq war resolution tells BYU crowd that socially responsible [25] ^ Dems mirror Mormon values", The Salt [26] Government Access Website Lake Tribune. [27] The Boston Globe "Congress Returns Ready for Confrontation" [28] Democratic retreat on Iraq? - First Read • Reid’s official Senate site - • Reid’s official campaign site [29] CNN Political Ticker: All politics, all the • New York Times ongoing collection of time Blog Archive - House approves news and commentary related to Reid terror surveillance bill « - Blogs from • The New Republic: ’Tough Reid: Is The Majority Leader A Partisan Or A [30] Your Harry Reid-led Senate in action Pushover?’ Glenn Greenwald - [31],0,6626376,full.story?coll=lahome-headlines Will the Pork stop here? Los Angeles Times Newspaper [32] USA Today [33] Hill News [34] - News - Tribes gave to Reid after hiring Abramoff [35] Politicians caught in the rush to return donation [36] Stutz, Howard (2007-07-02), Las Vegas Review-Journal. [37] Suellentrop, Chris (2004-12-22), "Harry Reid Is Not Boring", Slate,, retrieved on 2008-04-16. [38] Traffic (2000) - Full cast and crew [39] Sand and Sorrow (2007) [40] Pollingreport - Political Figures: R [41] Rasmussen Reports [42] Pollingreport - Congress:Democrats [43] Pollingreport - Congress:Republicans [44] - News - Poll: Reid’s popularity falls among Nevadans

External links


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Political offices Preceded by Edward Fike Preceded by Wendell H. Ford

Harry Reid

Lieutenant Governor of Nevada
Served under: Mike O’Callaghan

Succeeded by Robert Rose Succeeded by Don Nickles

January 1971–January 1975 United States Senate Minority Whip January 3, 1999–January 3, 2001 United States Senate Majority Whip January 3, 2001–January 20, 2001

Preceded by Don Nickles

Succeeded by Don Nickles

Preceded by Robert C. Smith
R-New Hampshire

Chairman of the Senate Committee on Envir- Succeeded by Robert C. Smith onment and Public Works January 3, 2001–January 20, 2001 R-New Hampshire United States Senate Minority Whip January 20, 2001–June 6, 2001 United States Senate Majority Whip June 6, 2001–January 3, 2003 Succeeded by Don Nickles

Preceded by Don Nickles

Preceded by Don Nickles

Succeeded by Mitch McConnell

Preceded by Pat Roberts

Chairman of the Senate Select Committee on Succeeded by George Voinovich Ethics June 6, 2001–January 3, 2003 R-Ohio United States Senate Minority Whip January 3, 2003–January 3, 2005 United States Senate Minority Leader January 3, 2005–January 3, 2007 United States Senate Majority Leader January 4, 2007–present Succeeded by Don Nickles

Preceded by Don Nickles

Preceded by Tom Daschle
D-South Dakota

Succeeded by Mitch McConnell

Preceded by Bill Frist

Succeeded by Incumbent

United States House of Representatives Preceded by James David Santini (D) Preceded by Paul Laxalt (R) Member of the U.S. House of Representatives Succeeded by James Bilbray (D) from Nevada’s 1st congressional district January 3, 1983 - January 3, 1987 United States Senator (Class 3) from Nevada Succeeded by January 3, 1987Incumbent
Served alongside: Chic Hecht, Richard Bryan, John Ensign

United States Senate

Party political offices Preceded by Alan Bible Democratic Party nominee for United States Senator from Nevada (Class 3) 1974 Democratic Party nominee for United States Senator from Nevada Succeeded by Mary Gojack

Preceded by Mary Gojack

Succeeded by To be determined


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(Class 3) 1986, 1992, 1998, 2004 Preceded by Wendell H. Ford

Harry Reid

Senate Democratic Whip January 3, 1999 - January 3, 2005 Senate Democratic Leader January 3, 2005 - present

Succeeded by Dick Durbin

Preceded by Tom Daschle
South Dakota

Succeeded by Incumbent

Order of precedence in the United States of America Preceded by John McCain

United States Senators by seniority 21st

Succeeded by Kit Bond

Retrieved from "" Categories: United States Senators from Nevada, Lieutenant governors of Nevada, Members of the United States House of Representatives from Nevada, Nevada lawyers, American federal police officers, Southern Utah University alumni, Utah State University alumni, Gambling regulators, Congressional scandals, American Latter Day Saints, Converts to Mormonism, Democratic Party (United States) politicians, George Washington University Law School alumni, 1939 births, Living people This page was last modified on 21 May 2009, at 16:27 (UTC). All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License. (See Copyrights for details.) Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a U.S. registered 501(c)(3) taxdeductible nonprofit charity. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers


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