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Corvallis, Oregon

Corvallis, Oregon
Corvallis, Oregon Motto: Enhancing Community Livability

History
Joseph C. Avery settled a land claim at the mouth of Marys River where it flows into the Willamette River in 1845.[7] In 1849, Avery opened a store at the site, platted the land, and surveyed a town site on his land claim, naming the community Marysville.[7] It is possible that the city was named after early settler Mary Lloyd, but now the name is thought to be derived from French fur trappers’ naming of a local peak after the Virgin Mary.[8]

Location of Corvallis within Oregon.

Coordinates: 44°34′14.81″N 123°16′33.59″W / 44.5707806°N 123.2759972°W / 44.5707806; -123.2759972 Country State County Founded / Incorporated Government - Mayor Area - Total - Land - Water Elevation United States Oregon Benton 1845 / 1857

Charlie Tomlinson 13.8 sq mi (35.7 km2) 13.6 sq mi (35.2 km2) 0.2 sq mi (0.4 km2) 235 ft (68.28 m)

Population (2000 census) 49,332 - Total 3,625.6/sq mi (1,400.2/ - Density km2) Time zone - Summer (DST) Area code(s) FIPS code GNIS feature ID Website PST (UTC-8) PDT (UTC-7) 541 41-15800[1] 1140162[2] www.ci.corvallis.or.us

Downtown circa 1920 In 1853, the legislative assembly changed the city’s name to Corvallis, from the Latin phrase cor vallis, meaning "heart of the valley." Corvallis was incorporated as a city on January 29, 1857.[9] The town served briefly as the capital of the Oregon Territory in 1855 before Salem was eventually selected as the permanent seat of state government.[7]

Corvallis (pronounced /kɔrˈvælɪs/) is a city located in central western Oregon, United States. It is the county seat of Benton County[3] and the principal city of the "Corvallis, Oregon Metropolitan Statistical Area", which encompasses all of Benton County. The population was estimated at 49,807 in 2006 by the United States Census Bureau,[4], though other research supports the estimate of nearly 55,000 used by the city itself in 2008.[5][6]

Geography
Corvallis is located at an elevation of 235 feet.[10] Situated midway in the Willamette Valley, Corvallis is about 85 miles (137 km) south of Portland, 30 miles (48 km) south of the state capital, Salem, ten miles (16 km) southwest of Albany, about ten miles (16 km) west of Interstate 5 at its closest point, and 44 miles (71 km) north of Eugene/Springfield. Oregon Route 99W, a secondary north-south route, also runs through Corvallis.

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Corvallis, Oregon
(1,400.2/km²). There were 20,909 housing units at an average density of 1,537.0/sq mi (593.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 86.03% White, 1.16% Black or African American, 0.76% Native American, 6.42% Asian, 0.29% Pacific Islander, 2.52% from other races, and 2.82% from two or more races. 5.72% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. Historical populations Census Pop. %± 620 — 1860 1870 800 1,128 1,529 1,819 4,552 5,752 7,585 8,392 16,207 20,669 35,153 40,960 44,757 49,322 29.0% 41.0% 35.5% 19.0% 150.2% 26.4% 31.9% 10.6% 93.1% 27.5% 70.1% 16.5% 9.3% 10.2%

Moss covered Bigleaf Maple trees are common along nearby trails According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 13.8 square miles (35.7 km²), of which, 13.6 square miles (35.2 km²) of it is land and 0.2 square miles (0.4 km²) of it is water. The total area is 1.23% water.

1880 1890 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000

Demographics

Location of the Albany-Corvallis-Lebanon CSA and its components: Corvallis Metropolitan Statistical Area Albany-Lebanon Micropolitan Statistical Area Corvallis is the largest principal city of the Albany-Corvallis-Lebanon CSA, a Combined Statistical Area that includes the Corvallis metropolitan area (Benton County) and the Albany-Lebanon micropolitan area (Linn County),[11][12][13] which had a combined population of 181,222 at the 2000 census.[1] As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 49,322 people, 19,630 households, and 9,972 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,625.6 people per square mile

Est. 2007 51,125 3.7% source:[14][15] There were 19,630 households out of which 24.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.8% were married couples living together, 7.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 49.2% were non-families. 31.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 2.88. In the city the population was spread out with 17.7% under the age of 18, 28.4% from 18 to 24, 27.0% from 25 to 44, 16.8% from 45 to 64, and 10.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 27 years. For every 100 females there were 99.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.2 males. The median income for a household in the city was $35,236, and the median income for a family was $53,208. Males had a median income of $40,770 versus $29,390 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,317. About 9.7% of families and 20.6% of the population were below the poverty line,

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including 15.2% of those under age 18 and 6.0% of those age 65 or over.

Corvallis, Oregon

Museums and other points of interest
• Benton County Courthouse • Peavy Arboretum

Green Power
According to the federal Environmental Protection Agency report on its “green power communities,” Corvallis buys more power from renewable resources than any other city in the nation. Corvallis purchases more than 100 million kilowatt-hours of green power annually, which amounts to 13 percent of the city’s total purchased electricity.[16][17]

Parks and recreation
• Riverfront Commemorative Park

Education

Religion
• A 2003 study, released once every 10 years, listed Benton County (of which Corvallis makes up the majority of the population) as the least religious county per capita in the United States. Only 1 in 4 people indicated that they were affiliated with one of the 149 religious groups the study identified. The study indicated that some of the disparity, however, may be attributed to the popularity of less traditional religions (ones not included as an option in the study) in the Pacific Northwest.[18]

The OSU campus and Cascade Range from Fitton Green Corvallis has a higher education rate per capita than any other city in the State of Oregon.[21] Public schools in the city are administered by the Corvallis School District. Corvallis is also the home of Oregon State University, and the Benton Center campus for LinnBenton Community College.

Economy
The campus of Oregon State University, which is the major local employer, is located near the edge of the main downtown area. Another large employer is Hewlett-Packard, whose printer cartridge manufacturing and prototyping facility is located in the northeast area of town. Because of this relative concentration of employment and the need for diversity, Team Corvallis has launched a website, www.businessisgoodhere.com, to brand Corvallis as global center of innovation, technology and research.[19] The site was created to attract creative industry to the region.[20]

Media
• Corvallis Gazette-Times, daily newspaper • The Alchemist, an alternative weekly focusing on art, music, and entertainment from reader contributions for content[22]

Arts and culture
Annual cultural events
• da Vinci Days and the annual kinetic sculpture race • Corvallis Fall Festival: An Arts Celebration. 37th Annual in 2009[1]

Infrastructure
Transportation
Bus
Long-distance bus service is provided by both Amtrak and Greyhound. They both stop at the Greyhound station in downtown Corvallis (station ID: CVI.) Local bus service is provided by Corvallis Transit System (CTS). The system runs a

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total of eight daytime routes Monday through Saturday, covering most of the city and converging at a Downtown Transit Center. Additional commuter routes also run in the early morning and late afternoon on weekdays, and mid-morning and mid-afternoon on Saturdays. When Oregon State University is in session CTS also runs the "Beaver Bus," a set of late-night routes running Thursday through Saturday. Two other short-distance inter-city buses — the Linn-Benton Loop (to Albany), and the Philomath Connection, also stop at the Downtown Transit Center.

Corvallis, Oregon
producing from 2 to 16 million gallons per day,[23] though it has a capacity of 21 million gpd.[24] The total reservoir capacity is 21 million gallons,[25] though measures to voluntarily reduce water usage begin when reservoir levels fall below 90% of capacity, and become mandatory at 80% or below.[26] As part of its ongoing water conservation program, the water department jointly publishes a guide to water-efficient garden plants.[27]

Notable residents
See also: List of Oregon State University people • Amadan, Irish music band • Brad Badger, NFL player • Brad Bird, animator, writer, and director (The Incredibles, The Iron Giant, Ratatouille) • Chris Botti, jazz trumpet musician • Kevin Boss, NFL player for the New York Giants • Meredith Brooks, singer, songwriter, and producer • James Cassidy, member of the band Information Society • Randy Couture, mixed martial artist and UFC Hall of Fame member • Edmund Creffield, founder of the ’Bride of Christ Church’ also known as the ’Holy Rollers’ • Dick Fosbury, 1968 Summer Olympics gold medalist and innovator of the modern back-first method of high jumping • Bob Gilder, American professional golfer and currently a member of the Champions Tour • Gordon Gilkey, artist and educator • Kevin Gregg, MLB player • Les Gutches, Olympic Wrestler, World Champion • Eyvind Kang, violinist and composer • Jon Krakauer, author (Into Thin Air, Under the Banner of Heaven, etc) and mountaineer • Wayne Krantz, guitarist • Jane Lubchenco, marine biologist, named in 2009 to head the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration • Bernard Malamud, author, the setting for whose book A New Life was based on Corvallis • Ralph Miller, basketball coach, enshrined in the Basketball Hall of Fame

Bicycle
Designated a "Bike-Friendly City,"[21] Corvallis has many miles of bike paths, trails, and roadside bicycle lanes. The bulk of the city is also very flat lending itself even moreso to sight-seeing cycling. Many miles of mountain bike trails, ranging from easy to very technical, abound in the outskirts of the city, with the highest concentration present in the Oregon State University research forest (MacDonald and Dunn forests).

Air
• Corvallis Municipal Airport

Utilities
Water
The city’s water system contains two water treatment plants, nine processed water reservoirs, one raw water reservoir, and some 210 miles (340 km) of pipe. The system can process up to about 19 million gallons of water per day.[23] The Rock Creek treatment plant processes water from sources in the 10,000-acre (40 km2) Rock Creek Municipal Watershed near Marys Peak. The three sources are surface streams which are all tributaries of the Marys River. Rock Creek has a processing capacity of 7 million gallons of water per day (gpd), though operational characteristics of the 9-mile (14 km), 20-inch (51 cm) pipeline to the city limits capacity to half that.[24] The Rock Creek Plant output remains steady year round at about 3 million gpd.[23] The H.D. Taylor treatment plant obtains water from the Willamette River, and has been expanded at least four times since it was first constructed in 1949. Its output varies seasonally according to demand,

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• Deane Ogden, film composer • Linus Pauling, 1954 Nobel Prize in Chemistry and 1962 Nobel Peace Prize recipient (Graduated from Oregon Agricultural College, now Oregon State University) • Jason Reed, actor, musician • Harold Reynolds, former MLB player and former ESPN broadcaster • Mike Riley, former NFL head coach (San Diego Chargers), currently the Oregon State Beavers head football coach • Craig Robinson currently the Oregon State Beavers head basketball coach and brother-in-law of U.S. President Barack Obama • Robb Thomas, former NFL player • Ernest H. Wiegand, professor of horticulture and developer of the modern method of manufacture of the maraschino cherry. • Carl Wieman, 2001 Nobel Prize in Physics recipient for creation of the Bose-Einstein Condensate • Dan Williams, former MLB player & current assistant MLB coach with the Cleveland Indians • The W’s, 1990s swing revival band • Mike Zandofsky, former NFL player

Corvallis, Oregon
• An article in Parade magazine rated Corvallis as "One of the 10 best cities in which to live" (1996).[29] • Corvallis School District named one of the top public school systems in the country (Offspring Magazine, 2000.)[29] • Corvallis-Benton County Public Library named one of top ten libraries in the country based on population size (Hennen’s American Public Library Ratings study, 2002.)[30] • Corvallis ranked fourth in nation for the highest number of patents issued by city (USA Today, 2002.)[21] • Corvallis ranked 7th out of about 500 U.S. cities for best places to do business (BizDemographics, 2002.)[29] • The Bicycle Transportation Alliance ranked Corvallis as Oregon’s most bicyclefriendly city (2002).[29] • The Orange County Register picked Corvallis’ Oregon State University as the "Best Pac-10 Campus" (2002).[29] • The National Arbor Day Foundation awarded Corvallis a Tree City USA Award in 2002.[21] They also awarded Corvallis the Tree City USA Growth Award in 2003.[31] • Bike USA listed Corvallis as the 9th most bicycle-friendly city in the nation.[21] • The League of American Bicyclists gave Corvallis a gold "Bicycle-Friendly Community" designation in May 2003, one of only four such cities in the nation as of 2006.[32] • Frommer’s Travel Guides, Cities Ranked & Rated ranks Corvallis as the 10th best city of any size in the United States and Canada.[33] • The February 2004 issue of the Harvard Business Review ranks Corvallis as the 15th most creative city in the nation.[34] • Bike at Work listed Corvallis as the 9th best city in the nation "As a car free community" (2005).[21] • Men’s Journal ranked Corvallis as "The 8th best place in the nation to live" in 2003.[34] In April 2005, they moved Corvallis up one place to 7th.[29] • Expansion Management selected Corvallis as a "Five-Star Knowledge Worker Metro", the highest rating achievable (2005).[35] • A survey by the National Science Foundation found Corvallis ranks second in the nation for the number of scientists

Rankings and recognition

Corvallis-Benton County Public Library • OSU named "Safest Pac-10 Campus" (University of Southern California study, 1994.)[28] • Corvallis named "One of the 13 best towns to be a vegetarian" (Vegan Magazine study, 1995.)[29]

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as a percentage of total employment (12.7 percent) as of 2006.[36] Corvallis was the first city on the West Coast and only the third city in the nation to receive the "Green Power Community" designation by the EPA (2006).[37] In 2006, the Morgan Quitno Awards ranked Corvallis as the 20th safest city (of 344) in the 13th Annual America’s Safest (and Most Dangerous) Cities publication for metropolitan areas of its size.[38] In a 2007 report, Farmer’s Insurance Group ranked Corvallis as the "most secure" small city in America, based on (as reported by Insurance Journal magazine) crime statistics, extreme weather, risk of natural disasters, environmental hazards, terrorism threats, air quality, life expectancy and job loss numbers.[39] On February 18, 2008, Corvallis was named the fifth smartest city in America by Forbes Online Magazine.[40] A September 2008 report revealed that Benton County, of which Corvallis makes up the majority of the population, is ranked 5th for longest life expectancy at birth of all counties in the United States, at 80.93 years.[41]

Corvallis, Oregon
used in the title of the third book, A Meeting at Corvallis • Corvallis was the inspiration for "Cascadia" in the Bernard Malamud novel, A New Life • In Adrian Tomine’s graphic novel Shortcomings, Ben Tanaka, who struggles with his Asian-American identity, is from Corvallis, Oregon.

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Sister cities
Corvallis has two sister cities,[43] as designated by Sister Cities International: • Gondar, Ethiopia • Uzhhorod, Ukraine

References

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Notable works of fiction
• In Billy Wilder’s 1944 film noir Double Indemnity, the character of Mr. Jackson, played by Porter Hall, is from Medford, Oregon, but mentions Corvallis in this line to Walter Neff (Fred MacMurray): "It’s the name! There’s a family of Neffs in Corvallis!" Walter Neff replies, "No relation", to which Mr. Jackson says, "Let me see, this man’s an automobile dealer in Corvallis. A very reputable man too I’m told."[42] • Corvallis plays a major role in The Postman, in which it is depicted as the center of rebuilding civilization in postapocalyptic Oregon, due to the university, logistics, and favorable wind patterns, which render it capable of surviving nuclear war. • Corvallis plays a major role in S. M. Stirling’s "Emberverse" series. It’s one of the few cities to come through the Change with many survivors, and with some sort of governing infrastructure remaining from the old world. The town’s name is

[1] ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved on 2008-01-31. [2] "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. http://geonames.usgs.gov. Retrieved on 2008-01-31. [3] "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/ Template.cfm?Section=Find_a_County&Template=/ cffiles/counties/usamap.cfm. Retrieved on 2008-01-31. [4] "Subcounty population estimates: Oregon 2000-2006" (CSV). United States Census Bureau, Population Division. 2007-06-28. http://www.census.gov/ popest/cities/files/SUB-EST2006_41.csv. Retrieved on 2008-05-28. [5] "Certified Population Estimates for Oregon’s Cities and Towns". Population Research Center. Portland State University. December 15, 2008. http://www.pdx.edu/media/2/0/ 2008CertPopEstCitiesTwns_web.pdf. Retrieved on 2008-12-19. [6] "The Heart of the Valley". http://www.ci.corvallis.or.us/index.php/ November_2006/downloads/cmo/ newsletter/December2006/ index.php?option=content&task=view&id=86&Itemi Retrieved on 2008-07-02. [7] ^ Corning, Howard M. Dictionary of Oregon History. Binfords & Mort Publishing, 1956. [8] Corvallis Gazette Times: Archived Articles

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Corvallis, Oregon

[9] corvallis150.org [24] ^ "Water Treatment Facilities". City of [10] "US Gazetteer files: 2000 and 1990". Corvallis Public Works. United States Census Bureau. http://www.ci.corvallis.or.us/ 2005-05-03. http://www.census.gov/geo/ index.php?option=content&task=view&id=431&Item www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved Retrieved on 2009-01-26. on 2008-01-31. [25] "Water Distribution". City of Corvallis [11] METROPOLITAN STATISTICAL AREAS Public Works. AND COMPONENTS, Office of http://www.ci.corvallis.or.us/ Management and Budget, 2007-05-11. index.php?option=content&task=view&id=400&Item Accessed 2008-08-01. Retrieved on 2009-01-26. [12] MICROPOLITAN STATISTICAL AREAS [26] "Water Supply Emergency Curtailment AND COMPONENTS, Office of Plan". City of Corvallis Public Works. Management and Budget, 2007-05-11. http://www.ci.corvallis.or.us/ Accessed 2008-08-01. index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=842 [13] COMBINED STATISTICAL AREAS AND Retrieved on 2009-01-26. COMPONENT CORE BASED [27] "Water Efficient Plants for the STATISTICAL AREAS, Office of Willamette Valley" (pdf). City of Corvallis Management and Budget, 2007-05-11. Public Works. 2004?. Accessed 2008-08-01. http://www.ci.corvallis.or.us/downloads/ [14] Moffatt, Riley. Population History of pw/PGPlantGuide.pdf. Retrieved on Western U.S. Cities & Towns, 2009-01-26. 1850-1990. Lanham: Scarecrow, 1996, [28] OSU Chronological History: 1990-1999 208. URL accessed May 31, 2006. [15] "Subcounty population estimates: [29] ^ "We’re number 7!". Corvallis GazetteOregon 2000-2007" (CSV). United States Times. 2005-03-11. Census Bureau, Population Division. http://www.gazettetimes.com/articles/ 2009-03-18. http://www.census.gov/ 2005/03/12/news/community/ popest/cities/files/SUB-EST2007-41.csv. satloc03.prt. Retrieved on 2007-02-08. Retrieved on 2009-04-29. [30] Hennen’s American Public Library [16] Neznanski, Matt (2009.01.31). Ratings URL accessed Oct. 30, 2006. ""Corvallis Tops Green Cities List"". [31] City of Corvallis wins Tree City USA http://www.gazettetimes.com/articles/ Growth Award in 2003 URL accessed 2009/01/31/news/community/ May 12, 2006. 5aaa02_green.txt. Retrieved on [32] League Names Corvallis a Bicycle2009-02-03. Friendly Community URL accessed May [17] http://www.epa.gov/greenpower/ 11, 2006. communities/index.htm epa.gov [33] Sperling, Bert; Peter Sander [18] Reeves, Carol (2003-12-21). "Where are (2004-03-22). Cities Ranked & Rated: the faithful?". Corvallis Gazette-Times. More than 400 Metropolitan Areas http://www.gazettetimes.com/articles/ Evaluated in the U.S. and Canada (1st 2003/12/21/news/top_story/local01.txt. edition ed.). John Wiley & Sons. ISBN Retrieved on 2009-01-27. 0-7645-2562-X. [19] Team Corvallis [34] ^ What The Media Has to Say About [20] Neznanski, Matt (November 9, 2008). Corvallis! URL accessed May 11, 2006. "Web Site Promotes Corvallis Business". [35] 2005 Five-Star Knowledge Worker Corvallis Gazette-Times. Metros URL accessed May 12, 2006. http://www.gazettetimes.com/articles/ [36] Corvallis Second In Nation in Percentage 2008/11/09/news/business/ of Scientists URL accessed May 11, 7biz01_site.txt. 2006. [21] ^ About Corvallis URL accessed May 11, [37] Corvallis named ’green power 2006. community’ URL accessed May 11, 2006; [22] The Alchemist (Pacific Power article) URL accessed [23] ^ "Water Utility". City of Corvallis Public September 13, 2006. Works. http://www.ci.corvallis.or.us/ [38] City Crime Rankings by Population index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=398&Itemid=353. Group URL accessed October 30, 2006. Retrieved on 2009-01-26.

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[39] ’Most Secure Places to Live’ Are In Ore., Calif. and Wash [40] Corvallis ranked among smartest cities in nation | Local News | kgw.com | News for Oregon and SW Washington [41] "Best places for a long life". http://money.cnn.com/galleries/2008/ moneymag/0809/ gallery.bestplaces_lifeexpect.moneymag/ 5.html. Retrieved on 2008-09-17. [42] Double Indemnity (1944) script

Corvallis, Oregon
[43] Corvallis Sister Cities Association

External links
• City of Corvallis (official website) • Corvallis Convention & Visitors Bureau • Corvallis Wiki: The Community Wiki for Corvallis Coordinates: 44°34′15″N 123°16′34″W / 44.57078°N 123.275998°W / 44.57078; -123.275998

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Corvallis,_Oregon" Categories: Benton County, Oregon, Cities in Oregon, County seats in Oregon, Corvallis, Oregon, United States colonial and territorial capitals, University towns in the United States, Settlements established in 1845 This page was last modified on 22 May 2009, at 18:23 (UTC). All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License. (See Copyrights for details.) Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a U.S. registered 501(c)(3) taxdeductible nonprofit charity. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers

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