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									From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Big Sur

Big Sur
país grande del sur", "the big country of the south". The terrain offers stunning views, making Big Sur a popular tourist destination. Big Sur’s Cone Peak is the highest coastal mountain in the contiguous 48 states, ascending nearly a mile (5,155 feet/1.6 km) above sea level, only three miles (4.8 km) from the ocean.[1] Although Big Sur has no specific boundaries, many definitions of the area include the 90 miles (145 km) of coastline between the Carmel River and San Carpoforo Creek, and extend about 20 miles (32 km) inland to the eastern foothills of the Santa Lucias. Other sources limit the eastern border to the coastal flanks of these mountains, only three to 12 miles (4.8-19 km) inland. The northern end of Big Sur is about 120 miles (193 km) south of San Francisco, and the southern end is approximately 245 miles (394 km) northwest of Los Angeles.

Map of Big Sur

Native Americans
Three tribes of Native Americans—the Ohlone, Esselen, and Salinan—were apparently the first people to inhabit the area now known as Big Sur. Archaeological evidence shows that they lived in Big Sur for thousands of years, leading a nomadic, huntergatherer existence.[2] Few traces of their material culture have survived. Their arrow heads were made of obsidian and flint, which indicates trading links with tribes hundreds of miles away, since the nearest sources of these rocks are in the Sierra Nevada mountains and the northern California Coast Ranges. They followed local food sources seasonally, living near the coast in winter to harvest rich stocks of mussels, abalone and other sea life, and moving inland at other times to harvest oak acorns. Bedrock mortars, which are large exposed rocks that these people hollowed out into bowl shapes to grind the acorns into flour, can be found throughout Big Sur. The tribes also used controlled

Big Sur coast about 12 miles south of Monterey. Rocky Creek Bridge is visible in the middle distance. Big Sur is a sparsely populated region of the central California coast where the Santa Lucia Mountains rise abruptly from the Pacific Ocean. The name "Big Sur" is derived from the original Spanish-language "el sur grande", meaning "the big south", or from "el


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
burning techniques to increase tree growth and food production.[3]

Big Sur
sites are named after the settlers from this period: Gamboa, Pfeiffer, Post, Partington, Ross and McWay are common place names. Consistent with the Anglo-Hispanic heritage of the area, the new settlers mixed English and Spanish and began to call their new home "Big Sur."

Spanish exploration and settlement
The first Europeans to see Big Sur were Spanish mariners led by Juan Cabrillo in 1542, who sailed up the coast without landing. Two centuries passed before the Spanish attempted to colonize the area. In 1769, an expedition led by Gaspar de Portolà were the first Europeans known to set foot in Big Sur, in the far south near San Carpoforo Canyon.[4] Daunted by the sheer cliffs, his party avoided the area and pressed far inland. Portolà landed in Monterey Bay in 1770, and with Father Junípero Serra, who helped found most of the missions in California, established the town Monterey, which became the capital of the Spanish colony Alta California. The Spanish gave Big Sur its name during this period, calling the region el país grande del sur (the Big Country of the South) which was often shortened to el sur grande, because it was a vast, unexplored, and impenetrable land south of their capital at Monterey. The Spanish colonization devastated the Native American population. Most tribe members died out from European diseases or forced labor and malnutrition at the missions in the eighteenth century, while many remaining members assimilated with Spanish and Mexican ranchers in the nineteenth century.[5]

Industrial era and gold rush

Bixby Landing in 1911 From the 1860s through the turn of the twentieth century, lumbering cut down most of the coast redwoods. Along with industries based on tanoak bark harvesting, gold mining, and limestone processing, the local economy provided more jobs and supported a larger population than today. In the 1880s, a gold rush boom town, Manchester, sprang up at Alder Creek in the far south. The town boasted a population of 200, four stores, a restaurant, five saloons, a dance hall, and a hotel, but it was abandoned soon after the turn of the century and burned to the ground in 1909.[7] There were no reliable roads to supply these industries, so local entrepreneurs built small boat landings at a few coves along the coast, such as Bixby Landing pictured here.[8] None of these landings remain today, and few other signs of this brief industrial period are visible to the casual traveler. The rugged, isolated terrain kept out all but the sturdiest and most self-sufficient settlers. A 30 mile (50 km) trip to Monterey could take three days by wagon, over a rough and dangerous track.[9]

Ranchos and homesteads
Along with the rest of California, Big Sur became part of Mexico when it gained independence from Spain in 1821. In 1834, the Mexican governor José Figueroa granted the 8,949-acre (36 km2) Rancho El Sur in northern Big Sur to Juan Bautista Alvarado. Alvarado’s uncle by marriage, Captain J.B.R Cooper, soon after assumed ownership. The oldest surviving structure in Big Sur, the socalled Cooper Cabin, was built in 1861 on the Cooper ranch.[6] In 1848, as a result of the Mexican-American War, Mexico ceded California to the United States. After passage of the federal Homestead Act in 1862, a few hardy pioneers moved into Big Sur, drawn by the promise of free 160 acre (0.6 km²) parcels. Many local

Before and after Highway 1
After the industrial boom faded, the early decades of the twentieth century passed with few changes, and Big Sur remained a nearly


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
inaccessible wilderness. As late as the 1920s, only two homes in the entire region had electricity, locally generated by water wheels and windmills.[10] Most of the population lived without power until connections to the California electric grid were established in the early 1950s. Big Sur changed rapidly when Highway 1 was completed in 1937 after eighteen years of construction, aided by New Deal funds and the use of convict labor. Highway 1 dramatically altered the local economy and brought the outside world much closer, with ranches and farms quickly giving way to tourist venues and second homes. Even with these modernizations, Big Sur was spared the worst excesses of development, due largely to residents who fought to preserve the land. The Monterey County government won a landmark court case in 1962, affirming its right to ban billboards and other visual distractions on Highway 1.[11] The county then adopted one of the country’s most stringent land use plans, prohibiting any new construction within sight of the highway.

Big Sur
and the Oranges of Hieronymus Bosch described the joys and hardships that came from escaping the "air conditioned nightmare" of modern life. The Henry Miller Memorial Library[1], a cultural center devoted to Miller’s life and work, is a popular attraction for many tourists. Hunter S. Thompson worked as a security guard and caretaker at Big Sur Hot Springs for eight months in 1961, just before it became the Esalen Institute. While there, he published his first magazine feature in the nationally distributed Rogue magazine, about Big Sur’s artisan and bohemian culture. Jack Kerouac spent a few days in Big Sur in early 1960 at fellow poet Lawrence Ferlinghetti’s cabin in the woods, and wrote a novel titled Big Sur based on his experience there. Big Sur acquired a bohemian reputation with these newcomers. Henry Miller recounted that a traveler knocked on his door, looking for the "cult of sex and anarchy."[12] Apparently finding neither, the disappointed visitor returned home. Miller is referenced in Brautigan’s A Confederate General at Big Sur, in which a pair of young men attempt the idyllic Big Sur life in small shacks and are variously plagued by flies, low ceilings, visiting businessmen with nervous breakdowns, and 2,452 tiny frogs whose loud singing keeps everyone awake. Big Sur also became home to centers of study and contemplation - a Catholic monastery, the New Camaldoli Hermitage in 1958, the Esalen Institute, a workshop and retreat center in 1962, and the Tassajara Zen Mountain Center, a Buddhist monastery, in 1966. Esalen hosted many figures of the nascent "New Age," and in the 1960s, played an important role in popularizing Eastern philosophies, the "human potential movement," and Gestalt therapy in the United States. The area’s increasing popularity and cinematic beauty soon brought the attention of Hollywood. Orson Welles and his wife at the time, Rita Hayworth, bought a Big Sur cabin on impulse during a trip down the coast in 1944. They never spent a single night there, and the property is now the location of a popular restaurant. Elizabeth Taylor and Richard Burton starred in the 1965 film The Sandpiper, featuring many location shots of Big Sur, and a dance party scene on a soundstage built to resemble the same restaurant. The Sandpiper was one of the very few major studio motion pictures ever filmed in Big Sur, and perhaps the only one to identify real Big

Big Sur artists and popular culture

Big Sur coast line. Bixby Bridge near the outcropping of rocks which resembles a dinosaur, June, 1965 In the early to mid-twentieth century, Big Sur’s relative isolation and natural beauty began to attract a different kind of pioneer — writers and artists, including Robinson Jeffers, Henry Miller, Edward Weston, Richard Brautigan, Hunter S. Thompson, Emile Norman, and Jack Kerouac. Jeffers was among the first of these. Beginning in the 1920s, his poetry introduced the romantic idea of Big Sur’s wild, untamed spaces to a national audience, which encouraged many of the later visitors. Henry Miller lived in Big Sur from 1944 to 1962. His 1957 novel Big Sur


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Sur locales by name as part of the plot. The DVD, released in 2006, includes a Burtonnarrated short film about Big Sur, quoting Robinson Jeffers poetry. Another film based in Big Sur was the 1974 Zandy’s Bride, starring Gene Hackman and Liv Ullman.[13]. An adaptation of The Stranger in Big Sur by Lillian Bos Ross, the film portrayed the 1870s life of the Ross family and their Big Sur neighbors. In music, The Beach Boys devoted the three parts of their California on the band’s 1973 album Holland to a nostalgic depiction of the rugged wilderness in the area and the culture of its inhabitants. The first part describes the outdoor environment of the region, the second part is an adaption of the Robinson Jeffers poem The Beaks of Eagles, and the third part discusses local literary and musical figures. Big Sur is also mentioned by the Red Hot Chili Peppers in their 2000 single "Road Trippin’". The song tells of a road trip in which lead singer Anthony Kiedis, guitarist John Frusciante and bassist Flea surfed at Big Sur following John’s return to the band. Among other notable mentions of Big Sur in pop music are Buckethead’s song "Big Sur Moon" on the album Colma, and the song "Big Sur" by the Irish indie band The Thrills on their album So Much For the City. Death Cab for Cutie’s song "Bixby Canyon Bridge" is about a bridge near the cabin Jack Kerouac stayed in.

Big Sur
Military Reservation encompass most of the inland areas. The mountainous terrain, environmentally conscious residents, and lack of property available for development have kept Big Sur almost unspoiled, and it retains an isolated, frontier mystique. The Basin Complex Fire of 2008 forced a two-week evacuation of Big Sur and the closure of Highway 1, beginning just before the July 4 holiday weekend.[14] The fire, which burned over 130,000 acres, represented the largest of many wildfires that had broken out throughout California during the same period.[15] Although the fire caused no loss of life, it destroyed 27 houses, and the touristdependent economy lost about a third of its expected summer revenue.[16][17]


Big Sur today
Big Sur remains sparsely populated, with about 1000 inhabitants, according to the 2000 U.S. Census. The people of Big Sur today are a diverse mix: descendants of the original settler and rancher families, artists and other creative types, along with wealthy home-owners from the worlds of entertainment and commerce. Real estate costs are as impressive as the views, with most homes priced above $2 million. There are no urban areas, although three small clusters of gas stations, restaurants, and motels are often marked on maps as "towns": Big Sur, in the Big Sur River valley, Lucia, near Limekiln State park, and Gorda, on the southern coast. The economy is almost completely based on tourism. Much of the land along the coast is privately owned or has been donated to the state park system, while the vast Los Padres National Forest and Fort Hunter Liggett

Pictures taken on afternoons in March (upper) and October (lower). The October picture shows a typical fog bank nearly 1,000 feet (300 m) thick.


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
It is impossible to generalize about the weather in Big Sur, because the jagged topography causes many separate microclimates. This is one of the few places on Earth where redwoods grow within sight of cacti. Still, Big Sur typically enjoys a mild climate yearround, with a sunny, dry summer and fall, and a cool, wet winter. Coastal temperatures vary little during the year, ranging from the 50s at night to the 70s by day (Fahrenheit) from June through October, and in the 40s to 60s from November through May. Farther inland, away from the ocean’s moderating influence, temperatures are much more variable. The official National Weather Service cooperative station at Pfeiffer Big Sur State Park reports that January is the coolest month with an average maximum of 60.0 °F (15.6 °C) and an average minimum of 43.2 °F (6.2 °C). August is usually the warmest month, with an average maximum of 77.3 °F (25.2 °C) and an average minimum of 50.2 °F (10.1 °C). The record maximum temperature was 101 °F (38.3 °C) on August 15, 1994. The record minimum was 27 °F (−2.8 °C), recorded on December 21, 1998, and January 13, 2007. There are an average of 8.8 days annually with highs of 90 °F (32 °C) or higher and an average of 1.4 days with lows of 32 °F (0 °C) or lower. Average annual precipitation at the state park headquarters is 41.94 inches, with measurable precipitation falling on an average of 62 days each year. The wettest year was 1983 with 88.85 inches and the driest year was 1990 with 17.90 inches. The wettest month on record was January 1995 with 26.47 inches and the most precipitation in 24 hours was 9.23 inches on January 31, 1963. More than 70% of the rain falls from December through March, while the summer brings much drier conditions. Measurable snowfall has not been recorded in coastal Big Sur, but is common in the winter months on the higher ridges of the Santa Lucia Mountains.[18] The abundant winter rains cause rock and mudslides that can cut off portions of Highway 1 for days or weeks, but the road is usually quickly repaired. Farther to the south, near San Simeon, weather records were kept at the Point Piedras Blanca lightouse until 1975. Based on those records, January was the coldest month with an average maximum of 58.6 °F (14.8 °C) and an average minimum of 45.3 °F (7.4 °C). September was the warmest month

Big Sur
with an average maximum of 64.2 °F (17.9 °C) and an average minimum of 51.9 °F (11.1 °C). Temperatures rarely reached 90 °F (32 °C) or higher, occurring only 0.1 day annually; nor dropped to 32 °F (0 °C) or lower, occurring only 0.5 day annually. The highest temperature recorded was 91 °F (33 °C) on October 21, 1965. The lowest temperature recorded was 29 °F (−2 °C) on January 1, 1965. Annual precipitation averaged 20.28 inches. The wettest year was 1969 with 41.86 inches and the dryest year was 1959 with 9.71 inches. Measurable precipitation fell on an average of 48 days annually. The most rainfall in one month was 18.35 inches in January, 1969, including 5.28 inches in 24 hours on January 19.[19] Today, weather records are kept at the park headquarters at San Simeon and published in some newspapers.[20] Along with much of the central and northern California coast, Big Sur often has dense fog in summer. The summer fog and summer drought have the same underlying cause: a massive, stable seasonal high pressure system that forms over the north Pacific Ocean. The high pressure cell inhibits rainfall and generates northwesterly airflows. These prevailing summer winds from the northwest push the warm ocean surface water to the southeast, away from the coast, and frigid deep ocean water rises in its place. The water vapor in the air contacting this cold water condenses into fog. [21] The fog usually moves out to sea during the day and closes in at night, but sometimes heavy fog blankets the coast all day. Fog is an essential summer water source for many Big Sur coastal plants. Most plants cannot take water directly out of the air, but the condensation on leaf surfaces slowly precipitates into the ground like rain.

Flora and fauna
The many climates of Big Sur result in an astonishing biodiversity, including many rare and endangered species such as the wild orchid Piperia yadonii, which has a highly restricted range of a total population of few individuals. Arid, dusty chaparral-covered hills exist within easy walking distance of lush riparian woodland. The mountains trap most of the moisture out of the clouds; fog in summer, rain and snow in winter. This creates a favorable environment for coniferous forests, including the southernmost habitat of the


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coast redwood (Sequoia sempervirens), which grows only on lower coastal slopes that are routinely fogged in at night. Many inaccessible redwood forests here were never logged, and in 2008 scientist J. Michael Fay published a map of these old growth redwoods as a result of his transect of the entire redwood range.[22] In areas where they were logged, the redwoods, aggressive regenerators, have grown back extensively since logging ceased in the early twentieth century. The rare Santa Lucia fir (Abies bracteata), as its name suggests, is found only in the Santa Lucia mountains. A common "foreign" species is the Monterey pine (Pinus radiata), which was uncommon in Big Sur until the late 19th century, when many homeowners began to plant it as a windbreak. There are many broadleaved trees as well, such as the tanoak (Lithocarpus densiflorus), Coast Live Oak (Quercus agrifolia), and California Bay Laurel (Umbellularia californica). In the rain shadow, the forests disappear and the vegetation becomes open oak woodland, then transitions into the more familiar fire-tolerant California chaparral scrub. Numerous fauna are found in the Big Sur region. Among amphibians the California Giant Salamander (Dicamptodon ensatus) is found here, which point marks the southern extent of its range.[23] In 1997, the Ventana Wildlife Society began releasing captive-bred California Condors (Gymnogyps californianus) in Big Sur, and a nest was discovered in a redwood tree in 2006.[24] This population has been successful in part because a significant portion of its diet, carcasses of large sea creatures that have washed ashore, are unlikely to be contaminated with lead.[25] Lead poisoning is an important cause of mortality in condors, and usually occurs when a bird consumes the remains of a game animal that had been hunted and killed with lead bullets or shot.[26]

Big Sur

93920 ZCTA for US 2000 Census According to the US 2000 census, there were 996 people, 884 households, and 666 housing units in the 93920 ZCTA. The racial makeup of this area was 87.6% White, 1.1% African American, 1.3% Native American, 2.4% Asian, 0.0% Pacific Islander, 5.5% from other races, and 3.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 9.6% of the population. In the 93920 ZCTA, the population age was widely distributed, with 20.2% under the age of 19, 4.5% from 20 to 24, 26.9% from 25 to 44, 37.0% from 45 to 64, and 11.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43.2 years. The median income in 2000 for a household in 93920 ZCTA was $41,304, and the median income for a family was $65,083.

Although some Big Sur residents catered to adventurous travelers in the early twentieth century,[27] the modern tourist economy began when Highway 1 opened the region to automobiles, and only took off after World War II-era gasoline rationing ended in the mid-1940s. Most of the 3 million tourists who visit Big Sur each year never leave Highway 1, because the adjacent Santa Lucia mountain range is one of the largest roadless areas near a coast in the contiguous United States. The highway winds along the western flank of the mountains mostly within sight of the Pacific Ocean, varying from near sea level up to a thousand-foot sheer drop to the water. Because gazing at the views while driving is inadvisable, the highway features many strategically placed vista points allowing motorists to stop and admire the landscape. The

Demographic estimate
The United States does not define a censusdesignated place called Big Sur, but it does define a Zip Code Tabulation Area (ZCTA), 93920. Because Big Sur is contained roughly within this Zip Code Tabulation Area, it is possible to obtain Census data from the United States 2000 Census for the area even though data for "Big Sur" is unavailable.


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Big Sur
Besides sightseeing from the highway, Big Sur offers hiking, mountain climbing, and other outdoor activities. There are a few small, scenic beaches that are popular for walking, but usually unsuitable for swimming because of unpredictable currents and frigid temperatures. Big Sur’s nine state parks have many points of interest, including one of the few waterfalls on the Pacific Coast that plunges directly into the ocean, located at Julia Pfeiffer Burns State Park, although visitors are not allowed on the beach itself to preserve the natural habitat. The waterfall is located near the ruins of a grand stone cliffside house that was the region’s first electrified dwelling. Another notable landmark is the only complete nineteenth century lighthouse complex open to the public in California, set on a lonely, windswept hill that looks like an island in the fog.

List of state parks (north to south)
• Carmel River State Beach • Point Lobos State Reserve • Garrapata State Park • Point Sur Lightstation State Historic Park • Andrew Molera State Park • Pfeiffer Big Sur State Park • Julia Pfeiffer Burns State Park • John Little State Reserve • Limekiln State Park List of state parks (Wikipedia articles) • Carmel River State Park • Point Lobos State Reserve • Garrapata State Park • Point Sur Lightstation State Historic Park • Andrew Molera State Park • Pfeiffer Big Sur State Park • Julia Pfeiffer Burns State Park • John Little State Reserve • Limekiln State Park Federal Parks • Ventana Wilderness

Bixby Bridge, shown here looking southwest, is a popular attraction in Big Sur section of Highway 1 running through Big Sur is widely considered as one of the most scenic driving routes in the United States, if not the world. These breathtaking views were one reason that Big Sur ranked second among all United States destinations in TripAdvisor’s 2008 Travelers’ Choice Destination Awards.[28] The land use restrictions that preserve Big Sur’s natural beauty also mean that tourist accommodations are limited, often expensive, and fill up quickly during the busy summer season. There are fewer than 300 hotel rooms on the entire 90 mile (140 km) stretch of Highway 1 between San Simeon and Carmel, only three gas stations, and no chain hotels, supermarkets, or fast-food outlets.[29] The lodging options are rustic cabins, motels, and campgrounds, or costly, exclusive fivestar resorts, with little in between. Most lodging and restaurants are clustered in the Big Sur River valley, where Highway 1 leaves the coast for a few miles and winds into a redwood forest, protected from the chill ocean breezes and summer fog.

Fog Looking comes in Big Sur west from off the Coast lookNacimiento- Pacific ing south. on a

Big Sur viewed from summit of Cone Peak.


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Ferguson Road typical June day.

Big Sur

Publishing (2004), 128 pages, ISBN 0-7385-2913-3 • Big Sur and the Oranges of Hieronymus Bosch, Henry Miller, New Directions Publishing Corp (1957), 404 pages, ISBN 0-8112-0107-4 • Hiking & Backpacking Big Sur, Analise McWay Coastline Elliott, Wilderness Press (2005), 322 McWay Cove The author with the pages, ISBN 0-89997-326-4 Cove and again. • Henry Miller McWay The Natural History of Big Sur, Paul falls in Julia The lived in Big Sur Pfeiffer Rocks in Henson and Donald J. Usner, University of former California Press (1993), 416 pages, ISBN from 1944-1962. Burns State owners foreground. 0-520-20510-3 Park. planted • A Wild Coast and Lonely: Big Sur non-natPioneers, Rosalind Sharpe Wall, Wide ive World Publishing, (1989, reprinted April palms 1992), 264 pages, ISBN 0-933174-83-7 for an • A Confederate General From Big Sur, exotic Richard Brautigan, Grove Press (1965), garden 159 pages in the mid-20th century.


Suggested reading

[1] Henson, Paul and Usner, Donald. The Natural History of Big Sur 1993, University of California Press; Berkeley, A view Hurricane California; page 11 down View of theElliott, Analise. Hiking & Backpacking Point look[2] from coastline Big Sur 2005, Wilderness Press; Big Sur River in ing north. Bixby from Lucia Berkeley, California; page 21 Pfeiffer Big Sur Bixby Bridge Bridge is [3] Henson and Usner, pages 269-270 State Park. visible in [4] Ibid., page 272 the middle [5] Ibid., pages 264-267 distance. [6] Big Sur Cabin - Davis, Kathleen California Department of Parks & Recreation website [7] Woolfenden, John. Big Sur: A Battle for the Wilderness 1869-1981 1981, The Highway Boxwood Press; Pacific Grove; page 72 Big Sur, one runs [8] Wall, Rosalind Sharpe. A Wild Coast and early through Coastline Lonely: Big Sur Pioneers 1989, Wide Big Sur 20 miles (30 km) evening World Publishing; San Carlos, California; south of Carmel pages 126-130 [9] Eliott, page 24 [10] Henson and Usner, page 328; Woolfenden, page 64 • Big Sur, Jack Kerouac, Penguin Books, [11] National Advertising Co. v. County of Reprint edition (1962, reprinted 1992), Monterey, 211 Cal.App.2d 375, 1962 256 pages, ISBN 0-14-016812-5 [12] Miller, Henry. Big Sur and the Oranges • Big Sur: A Battle for the Wilderness of Hieronymus Bosch 1957, New 1869-1981, John Woolfenden, The Directions Publishing; [[New York Boxwood Press (1981), 143 pages, ISBN (city)|]]; page 45 0-910286-87-6 [13] Movies Made in Monterey - Z • Big Sur: Images of America, Jeff Norman, [14] Fehd, Amanda (July 3, 2008), "Big Sur Big Sur Historical Society, Arcadia evacuated as massive wildfire spreads", SignOnSanDiego.com (AP),


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Big Sur

http://www.signonsandiego.com/news/ [24] "Condors End 100-Year Absence In state/20080703-1034-caNorcal Woods", KTVU.com, 2006-03-29, californiawildfires.html, retrieved on http://www.ktvu.com/news/8344923/ 2008-07-07. detail.html. [15] Threat to Big Sur eases by Steve [25] Thornton, Stuart (2006-05-26), "Condors Rubenstein, John Coté, and Jill Tucker, make a meal of a beached gray whale", San Francisco Chronicle, July 9, 2008. Monterey County Weekly, [16] Uncredited (July 19, 2008), "Progress http://www.montereycountyweekly.com/ Reported in California Fires", New York archives/2006/2006-May-25/ Times (AP), http://www.nytimes.com/ Article.outside/3. 2008/07/19/us/ [26] Ritter, John (2006-10-23), "Lead 19fires.html?ex=1374206400&en=29ee4d1352a07e6b&ei=5124&partner=permalink&exprod=perm poisoning eyed as threat to California retrieved on 2008-07-19. condor", USA Today, [17] Cathcart, Rebecca (August 1, 2008), http://www.usatoday.com/news/nation/ "Fire Damage Takes a Toll on the 2006-10-23-condor_x.htm. Economy in Big Sur", New York Times [27] Woolfenden, page 10 (New York Times), [28] Monterey County Convention & Visitors http://www.nytimes.com/2008/08/01/us/ Bureau: Trip Advisor Crowns Monterey 01sur.html?ex=1375329600&en=cd772eca58a8306c&ei=5124&partner=permalink&exprod=permal County With Three 2008 Travelers’ retrieved on 2008-08-02. Choice Destination Awards [18] Western Regional Climate Center [29] Lodging Guide to Big Sur, Big Sur website Chamber of Commerce website [19] Western Regional Climate Center website [20] San Francisco Chronicle • A Guide to California’s Big Sur: A [21] Henson and Usner, pages 33-35 comprehensive visitor’s guide to the Big [22] Fay, J. Michael (2008-09-30), Redwood Sur region Transect-Big Sur Redwoods 2.0, • "The Big Sur cabin": Dating the earliest http://bbs.keyhole.com/ubb/ cabin in Big Sur, 1861 showthreaded.php/Cat/0/Number/ • Hiking In Big Sur Hiking In Big Sur 1240564/page/0/vc/1, retrieved on • SurFire2008.org 2009-01-06 Coordinates: 36°06′27″N 121°37′33″W / [23] C. Michael Hogan (2008) California 36.1075°N 121.62583°W / 36.1075; Giant Salamander: Dicamptodon ensatus, -121.62583 GlobalTwitcher.com, ed. Nicklas Stromberg

External links

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Big_Sur" Categories: Regions of California, Monterey Ranger District, Los Padres National Forest, Biodiversity hotspots This page was last modified on 22 May 2009, at 02:22 (UTC). All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License. (See Copyrights for details.) Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a U.S. registered 501(c)(3) taxdeductible nonprofit charity. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers


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