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President Pro Tempore of the North Carolina Senate

President Pro Tempore of the North Carolina Senate
The President Pro Tempore (more commonly, "Pro-Tem") of the North Carolina Senate is the highest-ranking (internally elected) officer of one house of the North Carolina General Assembly. The President of the Senate is the Lieutenant Governor of North Carolina, but the President Pro-Tem actually holds most of the power and presides in the absence of the Lt. Governor. He or she, a senior member of the party with a majority of seats, appoints senators to committees and also appoints certain members of state boards and commissions. Until 1868, North Carolina had no Lieutenant Governor, and the highest ranking officer of the Senate was known as the Speaker. The Speaker of the Senate was next in line if the office of Governor became vacant. This occurred on two occasions. • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • William D. Moseley 1832-35 Hugh Waddell 1836-37 Andrew Joyner 1838-41 Lewis D. Wilson 1842-43 Burgess S. Gaither 1844-45 Andrew Joyner 1846-47 Calvin Graves 1848-49 Andrew Joyner 1849 Weldon N. Edwards 1850-52 Warren Winslow 1854-55 William Waightstill Avery 1856-57 Henry T. Clark 1858-61 Giles Mebane 1862-65 Thomas Settle 1865-66 C. S. Winstead 1866 Matthias Manly 1866-67 Joseph H. Wilson 1867

Presidents Pro Tempore
• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Edward J. Warren 1870-72 James T. Morehead, Jr. 1872-75 James L. Robinson 1876-77 William A. Graham 1879-80 William T. Dorch 1881-1883 E. T. Boykin 1885-1887 Edwin W. Kerr 1889 W. D. Turner 1891 John L. King 1893 E. L. Franck, Jr. 1895-1897 R. L. Smith 1899-1900 F. A. Whitaker 1899-1900 Henry A. London 1901-03 Charles A. Webb 1905-08 Whitehead Klutz 1909 Henry N. Pharr 1911-13 Oliver Max Gardner 1915 Fordyce C. Harding 1917 Lindsay C. Warren 1919-20 William L. Long 1921-24 William H. S. Burgwyn 1925 William L. Long 1927 Thomas L. Johnson 1929 Rivers D. Johnson 1931 William G. Clark 1933 Paul D. Grady 1935 Andrew H. Johnston 1937-38 James A. Bell 1937-38

North Carolina Senate Presiding Officers
Speakers
• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Samuel Ashe 1777 Whitmell Hill 1778 Allen Jones 1778-79 Abner Nash 1779-80 Alexander Martin 1780-82 Richard Caswell 1782-84 Alexander Martin 1785 James Coor 1786-87 Alexander Martin 1787-88 Richard Caswell 1789 Charles Johnson 1789 William Lenoir 1790-95 Benjamin Smith 1795-99 Joseph Riddick 1800-04 Alexander Martin 1805 Joseph Riddick 1806-11 George Outlaw 1812-14 John Branch 1815-17 Bartlett Yancey 1817-28 Jesse Speight 1828-29 Bedford Brown 1829-30 David F. Caldwell 1830-32

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Whitman E. Smith 1939 John D. Larkins, Jr. 1941 John H. Price 1943 Archie C. Gay 1945 Joseph L. Blythe 1947 James C. Pittman 1949 Rufus G. Rankin 1951 Edwin Pate 1953 Paul E. Jones 1955-56 Claude Currie 1957 Robert F. Morgan 1959 William L. Crew 1961 Ralph H. Scott 1963 [1] Robert B. Morgan 1965-66 Herman A. Moore 1967 Neill H. McGeachy 1969 Frank N. Patterson, Jr. 1971 Gordon Allen 1971-74 John T. Henley 1975-78 W. Craig Lawing 1979-84 J. J. Harrington 1985-88 Henson P. Barnes 1989-91 Marc Basnight 1992-Present

President Pro Tempore of the North Carolina Senate
foregoing list, from 1868 to 1992, it was rare for a President Pro-Tem to serve more than two terms. Marc Basnight, however, has become arguably the most powerful North Carolina Senate leader in history and one of the state’s most influential politicians.

See also
• Speaker of the North Carolina House of Representatives

References
[1] Clarence Stone was elected President pro tempore when the 1963 legislature convened, but since President of the Senate (Lt. Governor) Harvey Cloyd Philpott had died, Stone immediately became President of the Senate. The Senate then elected Scott as President pro tem. (News & Observer blog comment by state legislative drafting director Gerry Cohen) • Structure of the North Carolina General Assembly • North Carolina Manual. 2002. Published by the North Carolina Secretary of State.

Historical notes
Presidents Pro Tem are elected at the beginning of each biennial session, in January of odd-numbered years. As is evident from the

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