Gateway_Region by zzzmarcus

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Gateway Region

Gateway Region
The Gateway Region is located in the northeastern part of State of New Jersey in the United States of America. The area encompasses Bergen, Essex, Hudson, Passaic, Union and Middlesex counties. It is the most urban part of the state, with population of more than four million, and is home to most of its larger cities, though much housing was originally developed as suburbs as part of the New York metropolitan area. It is home to Ellis Island, the "gateway" through which many immigrants entered the United States, many of whom choose to stay in the region, which continues to be the port of entry and first home to many born abroad, making it one of the most ethnically diverse of the nation. It may also be the most socio-economically diverse, with some of the biggest pockets of poverty and most exclusive of suburbs in the state. The designation has not caught on in local parlance, as the topography and selfidentification of the residents tend not to correspond to the collective name. The terms North Jersey and Central Jersey are used describe parts of the Gateway. The name may have been taken fromk the 1960s Newark nickname Gateway City after the newly developed Gateway Center downtown. It is one of six marketing areas established by the New Jersey State Department of Tourism, the others being the Greater Atlantic City Region, the Southern Shore Region, the Delaware River Region, the Shore Region and the Skylands Region.[1]. The Gateway National Recreation Area, though not located inside the Gateway Region, is nearby.

The Meadowlands The Gateway Region is home to New Jersey’s six largest municipalities: Newark, Jersey City, Paterson, Elizabeth, Woodbridge Township, and Edison. Major rivers and the bays they flow into are the Hudson River/Upper New York Bay, the Hackensack River and the Passaic River/Newark Bay, and the Raritan. The topography of the area is quite varied, with the Palisades and the Meadowlands in the northeast, the hills and valleys of the Watchung Mountains in the west, the Ramapo Mountains in the north, and tidal plains of the Raritan to the south. The confluence of roads and railways of the BosWash megalopolis and Northeast Corridor make the region very heavily traveled. Chemical Coast is a nickname for the heavily industrial area along the Arthur Kill. Though there are broad distinctions between cities, suburbs, heavy industry, light manufacturing, recreational "green spaces", nature preserves, and retail, transportation, and maritime infrastructure, the landscape is characterized by their close proximity to each other, as is typical of urban sprawl.

Geography

History
The Lenape and New Netherland
The Palisades. The Gateway Region was the territory of the Lenape Native Americans. Later called Delaware Indian, this collection of Algonquian-language speaking people

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included the Hackensack, Raritan, and Tappan They are recalled in the countless number of place names given by them to towns, hills, and bodies of water. Much of the land was "purchased" by Dutch and English from the Lenape, though the this concept of "ownership" was foreign to them. The Lenape retreated to the west as settlements grew, and "agreed" to re-locate in 1766 with the Treaty of Easton, though some became part of the Ramapough Mountain Indians. Henry Hudson, an Englishman sailing for the Dutch East India Company anchored his ship the Halve Maen (Half Moon) at Sandy Hook and Weehawken Cove in 1609. The area became part of the colonial province of New Netherland with headquarters in New Amsterdam. In 1630 the patroonship Pavonia was established and 1660, after series of confrontations with the Lenape, that the first chartered village was established on the west bank of the North River at Bergen Square, creating the the oldest municpality in the state. Descendents of the New Netherlanders spread across North Jersey, and influenced its development and character for generations.

Gateway Region
settlement, named after the wife of the province’s proprietor, Sir George Cateret. In 1666, Newark was established by Puritans from Connecticut. By 1675, the region become the proprietary colony of East Jersey (establishing a border with New York State, which was formalized in 1738). It was partitioned into four counties for administrative purposes: Bergen County, Essex County, Middlesex County and Monmouth County. Settlement remained sparse, though some towns were created within farming communities and along rivers and bays. Among them are Perth Amboy in 1684, Hackensack and Piscataway[2] in 1693, and New Brunswick in 1736 (which later became home to Rutgers University). During the 18th century, migration inland increased along the Horseneck Tract and Raritan Valley. Slavery and indenture were encourage to populate the area. The third public reading of The Declaration of Independence took place in New Brunswick, but many East Jerseyans became Tories. Several battles of American Revolution took place in the region including those at Connecticut Farms, Bound Brook, |Paulus Hook, and Fort Lee.

Colonial America

Invention, Industry and Immigration

The Great Falls of the Passaic River in Paterson. When the English entered New York Harbor in 1664, a negotiated surrender (which guaranteed religious tolerance and protection of private property) was made to transfer control of the area to the British crown. Elizabethtown was founded as the capitol and became the first officially English-speaking

Ellis Island was the first stop for most immigrants from Europe. In 1791, Alexander Hamilton help found the Society for the Establishment of Useful Manufactures (S.U.M.), which encouraged the harnessing of the water power of the Great Falls of the Passaic and to secure economic independence from British manufacturers. Paterson, which was founded by the society, became the cradle of the industrial revolution

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in America, supported in part by the Morris Canal built in the 1820s. A century later Thomas Edison, the Wizard of Menlo Park, made his mark. [3] Many discoveries and inventions, or application or mass production of them, were made in the Gateway Region including the steam engine, the revolver, the incandescent light bulb, the phonograph, the rocket engine, and the electric railway. It is the site of the first automobile and first submarine in the United States. It can claim to the birthplace of baseball and the American film industry, Television to the home was first broadcast in the Gateway. [4] The latter half of the 19th century saw an explosion of the population. [5][6] Rail lines which still cross-cross the region, leading to the and the development of the shipping industry at the Hudson Waterfront, Newark Bay, and Kill van Kull, and the beginnings of suburban developments such as Llewellyn Park. Streetcar suburbs also began to develop elsewhere. The Bayway Refinery, started in 1907 is the nation’s northernmost, is along the corridor with other heavy industry. It was at this time that the Chemical Coast began to be developed. The Paterson Silk Strike took place in 1913. The Hudson Waterfront became home to heavy industry and shipping. Among the industries that would prosper in the first half of the 20th century were Alcoa Aluminum, the Ford Motor Company, Lever Brothers, Valvoline Oil Co. and Archer-DanielsMidland.[7]

Gateway Region

World War One
While immigration to Ellis Island decreased the population continued to grow, in part due to the Great Migration. Upon entry to World War I the US government took the HamburgAmerican Line piers in Hoboken under eminent domain, and which became the major point of embarkation for more than three million soldiers, known as "doughboys". Camp Merritt was established in Cresskill for troop staging.[8] In 1916, an act of sabotage literally and figuratively shook the region when German agents set off bombs at the munitions depot in New York Bay at Black Tom.[9] Another act of sabotage known as the Kingsland Explosion occurred on January 11, 1917.[10] The T. A. Gillespie Company Shell Loading Plant explosion, though not considered sabotage, also caused tremondous damage.

Interwar period
The fore-runner of Port Authority of New York and New Jersey was established on April 30, 1921.[11] Huge transportation projects opened between the wars: The Holland Tunnel in 1927, The George Washington Bridge in 1931, The Bayonne Bridge in 1931, and The Lincoln Tunnel in 1937, allowing vehicular travel between New Jersey and New York City to bypass the waterfront. Hackensack River crossings, notably the Pulaski Skyway, were also built. Newark Airport was the first major airport in the New York Metropolitan Area, opening on October 1, 1928. Radburn was founded in 1929 as "a town for the motor age"[12].

The World Wars

World War Two
The region played an import role in war effort. PT boats were manufactured by Elco in Bayonne.[13] Military Ocean Terminal at Bayonne (MOTBY) was opened in 1942 as a U.S. military base (remained in operation until 1999).[14] General Motors produced planes at Linden Assembly.The Federal Shipbuilding and Drydock Company would produce over thirty ships before its closing in 1949.[15]. In 1946, he baseball color line was first crossed at Roosevelt Stadium by Jackie Robinson.[16] Industrial "backyard" east of Elizabeth

Post-war Prosperity and Urban Decline
The Second Great Migration and the GI Bill changed the social geography as well as the

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physical geography of the Gateway. Planned and built during the 1950s Port Newark-Elizabeth Marine Terminal is the first and largest container port in the eastern United States. The northern parts of the New Jersey Turnpike were opened between 1952 and 1956. The metropolitan section (north of the Driscoll Bridge) of the Garden State Parkway was completed in 1957. Bergen Mall was the first mall in New Jersey, opened in 1957, soon followed by Westfield Garden State Plaza.[17] and The Mall at Short Hills The Newark Riots and the Plainfield Riots took place in 1967.

Gateway Region
most "city-like" areas of Greater Newark, Elizabeth, Hudson County, and Greater Paterson, the automobile remains the most common means of intra-regional travel.

Rail

Pre-/Post Millennium
The New Jersey Meadowlands Commission was established in 1969 to protect the delicate balance of nature, provide for orderly development, and manage solid waste activities in the New Jersey Meadowlands District, and the Meadowlands Sports Complex opened in 1976. Terminals A, B, and C at Newark Airport were completely in 1973. People’s Express later made the airport it major hub, and passenger volumes increased. Liberty State Park opened in 1976. Gentrification of Hoboken and Downtown Jersey City nineteenth century districts began in the late 1970s, which led to the eventual re-development of the Hudson Waterfront. Secaucus Junction, Midtown Direct, and Hudson–Bergen Light Rail began service and changed commuting patterns. The Highlands Water Protection and Planning Act was passed in 2004 to protect the watershed which supplies much of the region. Cory Booker became mayor of Newark. Meadowlands Xanadu is a large commercial center currently under construction.

A train arriving at the upper level of Secaucus Junction station. • Air Train: monorail system connecting Newark Liberty International Airport (EWR) with Amtrak and New Jersey Transit trains • Amtrak: Northeast Corridor stations at Newark Penn Station (NWK), Newark Liberty International Airport (EWR), and Metropark • Hudson-Bergen Light Rail (HBLR) serving Bayonne, Jersey City, Hoboken, and North Hudson at the Weehawken waterfront, Bergenline (Union City/West New York) and Tonnele Ave (North Bergen) • Newark City Subway/Newark Light Rail: serving downtown Newark, Branch Brook Park, Belleville, and Bloomfield • New Jersey Transit Hoboken Division: Main Line (to Suffern, and in partnership with MTA/Metro-North, express service to Port Jervis), Bergen County Line, and jointly with MTA/Metro-North, Pascack Valley Line (limited AM inbound and PM outbound service), all via Secaucus Junction; Montclair-Boonton Line and Morris and Essex Lines (with some service via Secaucus Junction as Midtown Direct); North Jersey Coast Line (limited service as Waterfront Connection); Raritan Valley Line (limited service) • New Jersey Transit Newark Division: Northeast Corridor Line, North Jersey Coast Line, Raritan Valley Line

Transportation
The Gateway Regions has an extensive network of national highways, state freeways, and toll roads; commuter and long distance trains; an expanding light rail system; local and interstate bus routes; and is home to one of the New York/New Jersey metropolitan area’s three major airports. Much of the rail and surface transit systems is operated by New Jersey Transit and is mostly oriented to commuters traveling to downtown Newark, lower and midtown Manhattan, and increasingly, the Hudson Waterfront. Outside of the

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• PATH: 24-hour subway system serving Newark Penn Station (NWK), Journal Square (JSQ), Downtown Jersey City, Hoboken Terminal (HOB), midtown Manhattan (33rd) (along 6th Ave to Herald Square/Pennsylvania Station), and World Trade Center (WTC) • THE Tunnel

Gateway Region

Air

New York City skyline from Newark Liberty Airport. Commercial scheduled passenger service: • Newark Liberty Airport (EWR), New Jersey’s largest airport • LaGuardia Airport (LGA) in Flushing, Queens • John F. Kennedy Airport (JFK) on Jamaica Bay in Queens General aviation: • Essex County Airport • Greenwood Lake Airport, Passaic County • Linden Airport • Teterboro Airport, Hackensack Meadowlands • Old Bridge Airport • Little Ferry Seaplane Base

Journal Square Tansportation Center

(Interstate) Crossings
• Bayonne Bridge to Staten Island • Goethals Bridge in Elizabeth to Staten Island, Interstate 278, Staten Island Expressway • Holland Tunnel in Jersey City to Lower Manhattan, Interstate 78, U.S. Route 1/9 • Lincoln Tunnel in Weehawken to Midtown Manhattan, NJ 495, Route 3 • George Washington Bridge in Fort Lee to Upper Manhattan, Palisades Interstate Parkway, U.S. Route 46, Interstate 95, Interstate 80 • Outerbridge Crossing, from Perth Amboy to Staten Island

Hubs
• • • • • • • • • • Bergenline Station Broadway Bus Terminal, Paterson Hackensack Bus Transfer Center Hoboken Terminal Journal Square Transportation Center Metropark Newark Broad Street Station Newark Liberty International Airport Newark Penn Station Secaucus Junction

(Major) Highways
Garden State Parkway Interstate 78/278 Interstate 80/280 New Jersey Turnpike/Interstate 95/New Jersey Route 495 (formerly an interstate highway) • Palisades Parkway • Pulaski Skyway • • • •

Water
• NY Waterway operates ferry service, from Jersey City, Hoboken, Weehawken, and

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Gateway Region
and to West 39th in midtown Manhattan, where free transfer is available to a variety of "loop" buses. • Hornblower Cruises operates ferries the Statue of Liberty and Ellis Island from Liberty State Park • Cape Liberty Cruise Port in Bayonne is one of three passenger terminals in New York Harbor.

Seaports
The Port Authority of New York and New Jersey operates The Auto Marine Terminal in Bayonne and Jersey City and the Port Newark-Elizabeth Marine Terminal, which was the first in the nation to containerize,[18]

Media
Newspapers

A toll ticket received at Exit 15W on the New Jersey Turnpike

The new New York Times headquarters building across from Port Authority Bus Terminal is seen by many Gateway residents everyday. Many places have local newspapers specific to their towns, while others have a broader readership and are commonly available in retail shops and for delivery. • Daily News • El Diario La Prensa • Herald News • The Jersey Journal • The New York Times • New York Post • The Record • The Star-Ledger • The Home News Trubune

Containers at Port Elizabeth. Edgewater to World Financial Center and Pier 11/Wall Street in lower Manhattan,

Television
The Gateway is part of the Greater New York City market, with some stations located in and broadcasting from it.

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Gateway Region
Central Railroad of New Jersey Terminal national symbols of mass immigration to the United States are all located on the Upper New York Bay. The Edison National Historic Site and the Great Falls of the Passaic River speak to the innovation of the region. Administered by the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection, The New Jersey Register of Historic Places, mirrors the National Register of Historic Places, and uses the same criteria for eligibility. Most counites have historical societies and many municipalities assign historic designation or preservation status. The New Jersey Historical Society maintains archives and promotes research. Additionally there are museums with thematic exhibitions.

Thirteen/WNET’s Former Logo 2001-2009 VHF stations (analog) • Channel 9: WWOR-TV - (My Network TV) Secaucus (New York City) • Channel 13: WNET - (PBS) - Newark (New York City) VHF stations (digital) • Channel 8: WNJB - (PBS) - New Brunswick - "N.J. Public Television" UHF stations (analog) • Channel 22: WMBQ-CA - (MTV2) Cranford • Channel 34: WPXO-LP (low power) - (i) East Orange • Channel 39: WDVB-CA - (The Pentagon Channel) - Edison • Channel 41: WXTV - (Univision) - Paterson (New York City) • Channel 47: WNJU - (Telemundo) - Linden • Channel 50: WNJN - (PBS) - Montclair "N.J. Public Television" • Channel 58: WNJB - (PBS) - Newark - "N.J. Public Television" • Channel 68: WFUT-TV - (Telefutura) Newark (New York City) UHF stations (digital) • Channel 40: WXTV - (Univision) - Paterson (New York City) • Channel 53: WFUT-TV - (Telefutura) Newark (New York City) • Channel 61: WNET - (PBS) - Newark (New York City)

New Jersey Historical Society • Afro-American Historical and Cultural Society Museum • American Labor Museum • Aviation Hall of Fame and Museum of New Jersey • Fort Lee Historic Park • Lambert Castle Museum • Jewish Museum of New Jersey[1] • Thomas Alva Edison Memorial Tower and Museum • Maywood Station Museum • Museum of African American Music (under construction) • New Bridge Landing • New Jersey Naval Museum

Cuisine Language Historic Sites and Exhibitions
The Gateway Region is home to many points of historical interest including districts, private homes, places of worship, train stations, civic and industrial architecture, and structures of engineering significance. The Statue of Liberty, Ellis Island, and the

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• Paterson Museum at Rogers Locomotive and Machine Works • Yogi Berra Museum[19] • Whippany Railway Museum • National Register of Historic Places listings in Hudson County, New Jersey • National Register of Historic Places listings in Bergen County, New Jersey • National Register of Historic Places listings in Essex County, New Jersey • National Register of Historic Places listings in Passaic County, New Jersey • National Register of Historic Places listings in Union County, New Jersey • National Register of Historic Places listings in Middlesex County, New Jersey

Gateway Region

See also
Environmental Centers

Sport Teams and Venues
The Gateway is home to five teams from major professional sports leagues playing in the state (though three teams identify as being from New York) as well as minor league teams. Since the 1970s several new stadiums and arenas have been built mostly near Downtown Newark or as part of the Meadowlands Sports Complex. The teams are • National Hockey League-New Jersey Devils • National Basketball Association-New Jersey Nets • Major League Soccer-Red Bull New York • Major League Lacrosse-New Jersey Pride and Bergen River Dogs • National Football League-New York Giants and New York Jets • Great Lakes Indoor Football League-New Jersey Revolution • Minor League Baseball teams-New Jersey Jackals, Newark Bears and Bergen Cliff Hawks • Major Indoor Soccer League (2001 – 2008)-New Jersey Ironmen The venues include: • Bergen Ballpark at the Meadowlands (proposed) at Meadowlands Xanadu • Giants Stadium, (or the Meadowlands) • Meadowlands Racetrack • Izod Center, commonly called Meadowlands Arena • Riverfront Stadium • Prudential Center, nicknamed the "Rock" • Red Bull Arena • South Mountain Arena

Meadowlands Environment Center • • • • • • • • • • • Flat Rock Brook Nature Center[20] Liberty State Park Intrepretive Center[21] Meadowlands Environment Center[22] Nature Center & Observatory at Rifle Camp Park Tenafly Nature Center Trailside Nature & Science Center Cora Hartshorn Arboretum and Bird Sanctuary Closter Nature Center James A. McFaul Environmental Center (Wyckoff, New Jersey) Lorrimer Sanctuary (Franklin Lakes, New Jersey) Weis Ecology Center (Ringwood, New Jersey)

Horticulture

Presby Memorial Iris Gardens • Branch Brook Park Cherry Blossom Festival

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• Cora Hartshorn Arboretum and Bird Sanctuary[23] • New Jersey State Botanical Garden Skylands, Ringwood State Park] • Presby Memorial Iris Gardens - Montclair • Reeves-Reed Arboretum - Summit • Rutgers Gardens - Rutgers University, New Brunswick • Howard Van Vleck Arboretum - Montclair • Florence and Robert Zuck Arboretum Drew University, Madsion • Greenwood Gardens[24] • • • • • • • •

Gateway Region
Mills Reservation New Jersey Meadowlands Commission Palisades Interstate Park Ramapo Mountain State Forest Ringwood Manor State Park South Mountain Reservation Wawayanda State Park Weequahic Park

Zoos
• Bergen County Zoological Park • Newark Museum • Turtleback Zoo

National Natural Landmarks
• • • • • Great Falls-Garrett Mountain Great Swamp Palisades of the Hudson Pigeon Swamp State Park Riker Hill Fossil Site

Performing Arts
There are many theater and dance companies throughout the region. Major companys, events, and performance venues include:

Parks, Reserves, and Forests

Branch Brook Park during the Cherry Blossom Festival. • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Bergen Parks Hudson Parks Essex Parks Middlesex Parks Watchung Mountain Reservations Branch Brook Park Cheesequake State Park Eagle Rock Reservation De Korte Park[25] Gateway National Recreation Area at Sandy Hook Garret Mountain Reservation Hackensack RiverWalk Part of the planned East Coast Greenway trail. High Mountain Park Preserve Hudson River Waterfront Walkway Liberty State Park Lincoln Park/West Bergen

Prudential Center.

The New Jersey Performing Arts Center • • • • Bergen Performing Arts Center[26] De Baun Performing Arts Center[27] Stephen J. Capestro Theatre George Street Playhouse

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Gateway Region

Visual Arts
• • • • • • • • • • African Art Museum Bergen Museum of Arts and Sciences Hiram Blauvelt Wildlife Art Museum Jane Voorhees Zimmerli Art Museum Jersey City Museum Montclair Art Museum New Jersey Children’s Museum Newark Museum Visual Arts Center of New Jersey Norton and Nancy Dodge Collection of Soviet Nonconformist Art

Kasser Theater • Hudson River Performing Arts Center (proposed) • Kasser Theater • Loew’s Jersey Theater • Maxwell’s • New Jersey Ballet[28] • New Jersey Performing Arts Center • New Jersey Youth Symphony[29] • New Jersey Youth Symphony • Shakespeare Theatre of New Jersey at nearby Drew University • Newark Symphony Hall • Paper Mill Playhouse • Park Performing Arts Center[30] • Premiere Stages • Prudential Center, nicknamed the "Rock", • Meadowlands Stadium and Meadowlands Arena • State Theater • Union County Arts Center • William Carlos Williams Center for the Performing Arts

Universities and Colleges

Dickson Hall (left)and University Hall (right), Montclair State University • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Bergen Community College Berkeley College Bloomfield College Caldwell College Essex County College Fairleigh Dickinson University Felician College Gibbs College Hudson County Community College Kean University Middlesex County College Montclair State University New Brunswick Theological Seminary New Jersey City University New Jersey Institute of Technology Passaic County Community College Ramapo College Raritan Valley Community College Rutgers University Saint Peter’s College Seton Hall University Stevens Institute of Technology Union County College

Prisons
• Rahway State Prison • Northern State Prison

Musea
Science and Natural History
• AIDS Museum • Liberty Science Center • Nature Center & Observatory at Rifle Camp Park • Newark Museum • New Jersey Museum of Agriculture • Rutgers UniversityGeology Museum • William Miller Sperry Observatory

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Gateway Region
• Hungarian Festival • Jersey City Pride[32] • "Macy’s Fireworks Spectacular" Independence Day • Newark Black Film Festival (August) • New Jersey Jewish Film Festival, spring • New Jersey Film Festival (Spring), New Brunswick • New Jersey Independent South Asian Cine Fest • New Jersey State Interscholastic Athletic Association • New Jersey Folk Festival • Oktoberfest, (Fall), North Bergen, Clark • Passion Play at Park Theater[33] • Rutgers Agricultural Field Day • State Fair Meadowlands, (June), Meadowlands

Old Queens, the oldest building at Rutgers University in New Brunswick built between 1808–1825.

See also
• New York metropolitan area • Port Authority of New York and New Jersey • Tri-State Region • North Jersey Shared Assets Area • North Jersey • Regions of New Jersey

Notes
Stevens Institute • University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey • William Paterson University [1] "Visitor Information - Regional Tourism". http://www.state.nj.us/travel/ regional.html. [2] The area was first settled in 1666 by Quakers and Baptists who had left the Puritan colony in New Hampshire. Cheslow, Jerry. " If You’re Thinking of Living in: Piscataway", The New York Times, June 28, 1992. Accessed June 28, 2007. [3] History of Northern New Jersey from Rt23.com’ [4] UCLA Film and Television Archive Television Programs Preserved 1988 2000. University of California, Los Angeles. Accessed February 18, 2007. [5] "New Jersey Resident Population by County: 1880 - 1930". http://www.wnjpin.net/ OneStopCareerCenter/ LaborMarketInformation/lmi01/ poptrd5.htm. [6] "Geostat Center: Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. http://fisher.lib.virginia.edu/collections/

Annual Events
There are re-occuring events throughout the year in the Gateway including street fairs, First Nights, Summer stock theatre, county fairs, fireworks, and other festivals. Among them are: • All Points West Music & Arts Festival • The Bamboozle • Black Maria Film and Video Festival • Cherry Blossom Festival (Spring), in Branch Brook Park • Hambletonian, the first leg of the Trotting Triple Crown, at Meadowlands Racetrack • Hoboken Film Festival[31] • Hudson County Film and Video Festival • Hudson River Waterfront Marathon

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stats/histcensus/. Retrieved on 2007-03-02. [7] Hall, Edgewater, p. 28 and pp. 33-37 [8] Camp Merritt Accessed May 6, 2009. [9] Black Tom Info from New Jersey City University Accessed May 6, 2009. [10] Kingsland Explosion Accessed May 6, 2009. [11] Port Authority Accessed May 6, 2009. [12] History from the Radburn Association website [13] Elco Accessed May 6, 2009. [14] MOTBY Accessed May 6, 2009. [15] Kearny Yard [16] Roosevelt Stadium [17] Karsian, Dillon. "Garden State Plaza Reshaped Landscape.", Shopping Center World, May 1, 1999. Accessed October 20, 2007. "Having undergone periodic renovations and expansions since its spring 1957 debut as an open-air center, the property today stands in the superregional class." [18] Doig, Jameson W. (2001). "Epilogue". Empire on the Hudson. Columbia University Press. [19] Yogi Berra Museum

Gateway Region
[20] *Flat Rock Brook Nature Center (Englewood, New Jersey) [21] http://www.nj.gov/dep/parksandforests/ parks/liberty2.html [22] *Meadowlands Environment Center [23] * Hartshorn Arboretum [24] http://www.greenwoodgardens.org/ [25] Meadowlands Environment Center [26] www.bergenpac.org/ [27] DeBaun Center for Performing Arts [28] *http://www.newjerseyballet.org [29] *New Jersey Youth Symphony [30] www.parkpac.org/ [31] www.hobokeninternationalfilmfestival.com/ [32] www.jclgo.org/ [33] Briggs, David; "’I was looking at him and I couldn’t [http://www.passionplayusa.net/ bljsus.htm [Stories on the Passion Play controversy at passionplayusa.net]

External links
• The Hub of New Jersey: The Gateway Region • Gateway Region Tourism Council • New Jersey Festivals [2]

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gateway_Region" Categories: Regions of New Jersey, Bergen County, New Jersey, Essex County, New Jersey, Hudson County, New Jersey, Middlesex County, New Jersey, Passaic County, New Jersey, Union County, New Jersey, Economy of New Jersey, New York metropolitan area, Tourism in New Jersey, Tri-State Region This page was last modified on 23 May 2009, at 01:51 (UTC). All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License. (See Copyrights for details.) Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a U.S. registered 501(c)(3) taxdeductible nonprofit charity. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers

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