Decathlon

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Decathlon

Decathlon
The decathlon is an athletic event consisting of ten track and field events. Events are held over two consecutive days and the winners are determined by the combined performance in all. Performance is judged on a points system in each event, not by the position achieved.[1] The decathlon is contested mainly by male athletes, while female athletes contest the heptathlon. Traditionally, the title of "World’s Greatest Athlete" has been given to the man who wins the decathlon. This began when King Gustav V of Sweden told Jim Thorpe, "You, sir, are the World’s Greatest Athlete" after Thorpe won the decathlon at the Stockholm Olympics in 1912.[2] The current holder of the title is American Bryan Clay, the gold medal winner of the event at the 2008 Beijing Olympics, who took the title from Athens Olympics champion Roman Šebrle. The word decathlon is of Greek origin (from δέκα deka [ten] and αθλος athlos [contest]).

Origins
The event developed from the ancient pentathlon. Pentathlon competitions were held at the ancient Greek Olympics. Pentathlons involved five disciplines – long jump, discus throw, javelin, sprint and a wrestling match. Introduced in Olympia during 708 BC, the game was extremely popular for many centuries. By the sixth century BC, pentathlons had become part of religious games.[3] Gorgos, from Elis, a town near Olympia, was a four-time pentathlon winner during the period. Another key player was Lampis, a young Spartan who was the first Olympic winner. Automedes was also a known player of the time. The last recorded game winner was Publius Asklepiades of Corinth in AD 241. Roman Emperor Theodosius I officially put an end to the game in AD 393 by closing down all the sanctuaries including Olympia. From the mid 1700s various versions of the competition emerged. The 1948 Olympics endorsed a new implication to the game. Seventeen-year-old Bob Mathias emerged as the then decathlon winner, banishing the myth that decathlon was a game for the old and the experienced. Mathias still remains the youngest decathlon sports champion in Olympic history.

Events
The modern event is a set combination of athletic disciplines, testing an individual’s strength, speed, stamina, endurance, and perseverance; it includes five events on each of two successive days. The emphasis of the first day is on speed, explosive power, and jumping ability; the second emphasizes technique and endurance. Day 1 • 100 meters • Long Jump • Shot Put • High Jump • 400 meters Day 2 • 110 meter hurdles • Discus • Pole Vault • Javelin • 1500 meters

Modern standardization
In 1964 the International Amateur Athletic Federation (IAAF; now the International Association of Athletics Federations) laid out new scoring tables and brought about some standardization in the sport. The 1970s saw the game spreading to the Eastern European nations, mainly the Soviet Union, Poland and East Germany. The Amateur Athletic Union held "all around events" from the 1880s.[3] One was held at the 1904 Olympic Games.[3] The first decathlon competition was held in just one single day, October 15, 1911, in Gothenburg, Sweden. This was technically not the first decathlon, but one of the first two, as Germany also held a decathlon on the very same day. The Germans contested their

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
events in the same order but with a different scoring table to the one in Sweden. So, the first decathlon world-record holder was the winner of the first completed meet. Karl Hugo Wieslander, a Swede, and Karl Ritter von Halt, a German, were announced worldrecord holders. The decathlon was added to the 1912 Olympic Games in Stockholm[4]. After experience, the following order was chosen: 100 m run, long jump, shot put, high jump, and 400 m run on the first day; 110 m hurdles, discus, pole vault, javelin, and 1500 m run on the 2nd day. The Swedes also developed a set of scoring tables, based on the 1908 Olympic records. After the 1912 Stockholm Games, the tables were updated to include many new Olympic records. The 1912 Olympic decathlon has become legend because of the presence of Jim Thorpe. Thorpe had a terrific 1912 spring track season, winning as many as six events per meet. Thorpe made the U.S. Olympic team in four events: decathlon, pentathlon, high jump, and long jump. The Russian czar donated a Viking ship as a prize for the decathlon champion. Thorpe won the decathlon by almost 700 points over his closest opponent, Hugo Wieslander of Sweden. Because of the unexpected large number of entries, the decathlon was held over 3 days. The first day they held the 100 m run, long jump, and shot put. The second day consisted of the high jump, 400 m run, discus, and 110 m hurdles. The third and final day consisted of the pole vault, javelin, and 1500 m run. Thorpe’s 8412 points converts to 6564 points on the current tables, still a very respectable score three quarters of a century later. Swedes Wieslander, Charles Lomberg, and Gösta Holmér captured the next three spots. Thorpe’s score was not beaten for another 15 years. In his absence, there was little decathlon activity for the remainder of the decade. Only in Sweden was the decathlon often contested. The Swedes managed to stay neutral during World War I, which forced the cancellation of the games of Berlin in 1916. Fascinatingly, decathlons were held as part of the Far Eastern Games in 1913, 1915, 1917, and 1919. The average good decathlete competes at most three or four times a year, the less talented even fewer. Bill Toomey’s nine great efforts back in 1969 were very unusual. The

Decathlon
decathlon is the Olympic event least commonly seen in non-Olympic meets. The decathlete does not have to be amazing in all events to be a champion in the sport itself. But he must range from adequate in his weak events to good or better in the other skills. Because he must do well in the four runs and six field events, he has little opportunity to perfect any one event. A decathlete trying to improve performance in one specific event is likely to deteriorate in another, because the physical demands of the various events are conflicting. His training is necessarily different as he strives to improve all techniques, gain strength without losing speed, and acquire the stamina to perform through a competition that lasts anywhere from 4 to 12 hours per day during the Olympics. As a reference point, a performance in the (non-decathlon) world record class would give somewhere between 1100 and 1400 points per event, totaling over 12500 points for a full record-breaking decathlon. When compared to the 6-7000 points that a good decathlete would usually get, or the world record of slightly over 9000 points, this illustrates how much specialization must be sacrificed to become a good all-round athlete. The decathlon is one of the few events with an arbitrary scoring system and thus the only one in which personal performance and records can be broken as new scoring tables are adopted. Under the original scoring tables adopted in 1912, Akilles Järvinen of Finland finished second in both the 1928 and 1932 Olympics, but the new scoring system introduced in 1934 gave Jarvinen higher converted totals than both the men he lost to. World-record holder C.K. Yang lost 1032 points when his 1963 performance was converted late in 1964 to the new tables first used in the 1964 Olympics. His top rivals lost only 287 and 172 points when their bests were converted, and Yang dropped from the favorite to third on the pre-Games ranking, finishing a disappointing fifth. The arbitrary nature of the scoring tables can work in the opposite direction as well. In 1984, at the Los Angeles Olympic Games, Great Britain’s Daley Thompson missed the world record by one point on then-used 1962/ 77 tables. The tables were changed a year later and Thompson’s score in Los Angeles converted to a best-ever mark.

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Event 100 m Long Jump Shot Put High Jump 400 m 110 m Hurdles Discus Throw Pole Vault Javelin Throw 1500 m Event 100m Long Jump Shot Put High Jump 400m 110m Hurdles Discus Throw Pole Vault Javelin Throw 1500m 1000 pts 10.395 7.76 18.4 2.20 46.17 13.8 56.17 5.28 77.19 233.79 A 25.4347 0.14354 51.39 0.8465 1.53775 5.74352 12.91 0.2797 10.14 0.03768 900 pts 10.827 7.36 16.79 2.10 48.19 14.59 51.4 4.96 70.67 247.42 800 pts 11.278 6.94.1 15.16 1.99 50.32 15.419 46.59 4.63 64.09 261.77 B 18 220 1.5 75 82 28.5 4 100 7 480 700 pts 11.756 6.51 13.53 1.88 52.58 16.29 41.72 4.29 57.45 276.96 C

Decathlon

1.81 1.4 1.05 1.42 1.81 1.92 1.1 1.35 1.08 1.85 Units Seconds Meters Meters Meters Seconds Seconds Meters Meters Meters Seconds

Points system
The 2001 IAAF points tables use the following formulae:[5] • Points = INT(A*(B-P)C) for track events • Points = INT(A*(P-B)C) for field events A, B and C are parameters that vary by discipline, as shown in the table below, while P is the performance by the athlete, measured in seconds (running), metres (throwing), or centimetres (jumping).[5] The decathlon tables should not be confused with the scoring tables compiled by Bojidar Spiriev, to allow comparison of the relative quality of performances by athletes in different events. On those tables, for example, a decathlon score of 9006 points equates to 1265 "comaprison points", the same number as a triple jump of 18.00 m.[6]

to earn 1000, 900, 800, and 700 points in each sport. Using the most current world records, the present theoretical maximum score in the decathlon is 12,516. Using the most current world decathlon bests, the present theoretical maximum score in the decathlon is 10,485.

Women’s decathlon
At major championships, the women’s equivalent of the decathlon is the seven-event heptathlon; prior to 1980 it was the fiveevent pentathlon.[7] However, in 2001 the IAAF approved scoring tables for women’s decathlon; the current world record holder is Austra Skujytė of Lithuania.[8] Women’s disciplines differ from men’s in the same way as for standalone events: the shot, discus and javelin weigh less, and the sprint hurdles uses lower hurdles over 100 m rather than 110 m. The points tables used are the same as for the heptathlon in the shared events.

Benchmarks
Split evenly between the events, the following table shows the benchmark levels needed

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Event 100m Long Jump Shot Put High Jump 400m 110m Hurdles Discus Throw Pole Vault Javelin Throw 1500m Total Event 100m Long Jump Shot Put High Jump 400m 110m Hurdles Discus Throw Pole Vault Javelin Throw 1500m Total The schedule of events differs from the men’s decathlon, with the field events switched between day one and day two; this is to avoid scheduling conflicts when men’s and women’s decathlon competitions take place simultaneously.[9] Day 1 • 100 metres • Discus • Pole vault • Javelin • 400 metres Day 2 • 100 metre hurdles • Long jump • Shot put • High jump • 1500 metres Record-holder Chris Huffins Erki Nool Edy Hubacher Rolf Beilschmidt & Christian Schenk Bill Toomey Frank Busemann Bryan Clay Tim Lobinger Peter Blank Robert Baker Record 10.22 seconds 822 centimeters 19.17 meters 227 centimeters 45.68 seconds 13.47 seconds 55.87 meters 576 centimeters 79.80 meters 238.7 seconds Record-holder Usain Bolt Mike Powell Randy Barnes Javier Sotomayor Michael Johnson Dayron Robles Jürgen Schult Sergey Bubka Jan Železný Hicham El Guerrouj Record 9.69 seconds 895 centimeters 23.12 meters 245 centimeters 43.18 seconds 12.87 seconds 74.08 meters 614 centimeters 98.48 meters 206 seconds

Decathlon
Score 1174 1312 1295 1244 1156 1126 1383 1277 1331 1218 12516 Score 1042 1117 1048 1061 1025 1044 993 1152 1040 963 10485

One hour decathlon
One hour decathlon is a special type of decathlon, in which the athletes have to start the last of ten events (1500 m) within sixty minutes after the start of the first event. The world record holder is a Czech decathlete Robert Změlík, who achieved 7897 points at a meeting in Ostrava, Czechoslovakia in 1992.[10]

World records
Points 7485 Athlete Aleksander KlumbergKolmpere Harold Osborn Nation Date Place Since 1920 1920-07-05 Tallinn EST 1924-07-12 Paris USA

7710

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
7820 7995 8053 8255 8462 8790 Paavo Yrjölä Paavo Yrjölä Paavo Yrjölä Akilles Järvinen James Bausch Hans-Heinrich Sievert Glenn Morris Bob Mathias Bob Mathias Rafer Johnson Vassily Kuznetsov Rafer Johnson Vassily Kuznetsov Rafer Johnson Yang ChuanKwang Russ Hodge Kurt Bendlin Bill Toomey Nikolay Avilov Bruce Jenner Bruce Jenner Bruce Jenner 1926-07-18 Viipuri 8622 FIN 8649 1927-07-17 Helsinki FIN 8704 1928-08-04 Amsterdam FIN 8723 1930-07-20 Viipuri FIN US 1932-08-06 Los 8743 Angeles 8779 1934-07-08 Hamburg GER Since 1936 7900 8042 USA USA Since 1952 7887 7985 8014 8302 8357 8683 USA USA URS USA URS USA 8891 1952-07-26 Helsinki 8994 1955-06-11 Kingsburg 9026 1958-05-18 Krasnodar Dan O’Brien Tomáš Dvořák Roman Šebrle 8798 1936-08-08 Berlin 8847 1950-06-30 Tulare Daley Thompson Guido Kratschmer Daley Thompson Jürgen Hingsen Daley Thompson Jürgen Hingsen Jürgen Hingsen Daley Thompson

Decathlon
1980-05-15 Götzis GBR FRG GBR 1982-08-15 Ulm FRG 1982-09-08 Athens GBR FRG FRG GBR 1984-08-09 Los Angeles 1992-09-05 Talence USA 1999-07-04 Prague CZE 2001-05-27 Götzis CZE

1980-06-14 Filderstadt Bernhausen 1982-05-23 Götzis

1983-06-06 Filderstadt Bernhausen 1984-05-15 Mannheim

Since 1985

Women’s world record since 2005 1958-07-28 Moscow [11] Marie 2004-09-26 Talence 8160 Collonvillé FRA 1959-05-17 Moscow Austra 2005-04-15 Columbia, 8366 Skujytė Missouri LTU 1960-07-09 Eugene
NOTE: Skujyte’s marks total 6333 using the men’s scoring tables

Since 1962 8206 TPE

1963-04-28 Walnut

National records
• As of 2007-09-06

8230 8319 8417 8454 8524 8538 8618

USA FRG USA URS USA USA USA

1966-07-24 Los Angeles

Season’s best See also

1967-05-14 Heidelberg November 22, 2008 • As of 1969-12-11 Los Angeles • List of Olympic decathlon medalists 1972-09-08 Munich 1975-08-10 Eugene • Biathlon • Duathlon 1976-06-26 Eugene • Triathlon • Quadrathlon • Pentathlon 1976-07-30 Montreal • Modern pentathlon

Other multiple event contests

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
POINTS 9026 8891 8847 8832 8815 8735 8730 8725 8709 8698 8644 8626 8574 8573 8566 8554 8526 8490 8447 8445 8437 8403 8359 8334 8320 8291 8290 8288 8271 8266 8257 8213 8206 8199 8169 8160 8069 8057 8047 NATION CZE USA GBR GER EST BLR FIN KAZ UKR RUS JAM CAN FRA ISL POL HUN ESP AUS NED UZB LTU SWE NZL SUI AUT ARG CHN MDA LAT BRA CUB POR TPE BUL ITA NOR GRE YUG BEL ATHLETE Roman Šebrle Dan O’Brien Daley Thompson Jürgen Hingsen Erki Nool Eduard Hämäläinen Eduard Hämäläinen Dmitriy Karpov Aleksander Apaichev Grigori Degtyaryov Maurice Smith Mike Smith Christian Plaziat Jón Arnar Magnússon Sebastian Chmara Attila Zsivóczky Francisco Javier Benet Jagan Hames Robert de Wit Ramil Ganiyev Ryszard Malachowskis Henrik Dagård Simon Poelman Stephan Niklaus Gernot Kellermayr Tito Steiner Qi Haifeng Valeri Kachanov Janis Karlivans Pedro da Silva Filho Yordanis García Mario Anibal Ramos Yang Chuan-Kwang Atanas Andonov Beniamino Poserina Benjamin Jensen Prodromos Korkizoglou Saša Karan Hans van Alphen DATE 2001-05-27 1992-09-05 1984-08-09 1984-06-09 2001-08-07 1994-05-29 1997-08-06 2004-08-24 1984-06-03 1984-06-22 2007-09-01 1996-05-26 1990-08-29 1998-05-31 1998-05-17 2000-06-04 1998-05-17 1998-09-18 1988-05-22 1997-08-06 1988-07-02 1994-09-11 1987-03-22 1983-07-03 1993-05-30 1983-06-23 2005-05-29 1980-06-21 2007-05-27 1987-04-23 2007-09-01 2001-07-01 1963-04-28 1981-06-21 1996-10-06 1999-08-01 2000-07-02 1990-07-01 2007-08-13 PLACE Götzis Talence Los Angeles Mannheim Edmonton Götzis Athens Athens

Decathlon

Neubrandenburg Kiev Osaka Götzis Split Götzis Murcia Götzis Murcia Kuala Lumpur Eindhoven Athens Staiki Talence Christchurch Lausanne Götzis Provo, Utah Götzis Moscow Götzis Walnut, California Osaka Kaunas Walnut, California Sofia Formia Greve Ibach Ljubljana Bangkok

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
8023 7995 7994 7934 7882 7846 7824 7802 7799 7777 7757 7756 7734 7730 7714 7704 7698 7674 7667 7659 7632 7614 TUN JPN DEN ALG IRL TJK KOR CYP SVK BAR TUR GEO VEN QAT ROM PUR SLO RSA IRI CRO LCA MEX Hamdi Dhouibi Munehiro Kaneko Lars Warming Ahmed Mahour Bacha Carlos O’Connell Igor Sobolevski Kim Kun-Woo Yeorgios Andreou Peter Soldos Victor Houston Alper Kasapoğlu Juri Dyachkov Douglas Fernández Ahmad Hassan Moussa Aurel Astilean Luiggy Llanos Damjan Sitar Joepie Loots Hadi Sepehrzad Joško Vlašić Dominic Johnson Alejandro Cárdenas 2005-08-10 1993-05-14 1988-06-19 1985-07-09 1988-06-05 1982-07-16 2006-05-26 2000-08-12 2001-06-10 1997-08-06 1996-04-19 1968-06-16 1983-08-27 2004-06-27 1986-08-09 2003-08-06 2006-05-28 1983-04-16 2007-07-28 1983-06-25 1998-03-27 1996-05-11 Helsinki Shanghai Götzis Algiers

Decathlon

Emmitsburg, Maryland Leningrad Gongju Volos Arles Athens Azusa, California Tbilisi Caracas Ratingen Pitesti Santo Domingo Maribor Bloemfontein Amman Izmir Tucson Medellín

• Heptathlon • Octathlon (primarily a youth or junior event although logistical problems have seen senior octathlons contested, for example at the 2007 South Pacific Games) • Chess-boxing

References
• "IAAF Scoring Tables for Combined Events", IAAF, April 2004, http://www.iaaf.org/mm/Document/ Competitions/TechnicalArea/ ScoringTables_CE_744.pdf, retrieved on 2009-05-09. [1] "Decathlon", Encarta, 2008, http://encarta.msn.com/ encyclopedia_761574361/decathlon.html, retrieved on 2008-08-06. [2] World’s Greatest Athlete [3] ^ IAAF Scoring Tables for Combined Events, p.7 [4] "Decathlon", Encyclopædia Britannica, Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 2008, http://britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/

154929/decathlon, retrieved on 2008-08-06. [5] ^ IAAF Scoring Tables for Combined Events, p.24 [6] IAAF Scoring Tables of Athletics Outdoor - 2008 Edition p.154 [7] IAAF Scoring Tables for Combined Events, p.9 [8] "Decathlon Records", IAAF, http://www.iaaf.org/statistics/records/ inout=o/discType=5/disc=DEC/ detail.html, retrieved on 2009-05-09. [9] IAAF Scoring Tables for Combined Events, p.10 [10] "Decathlon Records", DECA - The Decathlon Association, http://www.decathlonusa.org/ records.html, retrieved on 2007-10-21. [11] "Austra Skujyte Sets World Record In Women’s Decathlon", University of Missouri, 15 April 2005, http://www.mutigers.com/sports/c-track/ recaps/041505aag.html, retrieved on 2009-05-09.

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
YEAR 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 1998 1997 1996 1995 1994 1993 1992 1991 1990 1989 1988 1987 1986 1985 1984 1983 1982 1981 1980 1979 1978 1977 1976 1975 1974 1973 1972 POINTS 8832 8697 8677 8732 8893 8807 8800 9026 8900 8994 8755 8837 8824 8695 8735 8817 8891 8812 8574 8549 8512 8680 8811 8559 8847 8825 8774 8334 8667 8476 8493 8400 8634 8429 8229 8163 8466 ATHLETE Bryan Clay (USA) Roman Šebrle (CZE) Bryan Clay (USA) Bryan Clay (USA) Roman Šebrle (CZE) Roman Šebrle (CZE) Roman Šebrle (CZE) Roman Šebrle (CZE) Tomáš Dvořák (CZE) Tomáš Dvořák (CZE) Dan O’Brien (USA) Tomáš Dvořák (CZE) Dan O’Brien (USA) Dan O’Brien (USA) Eduard Hämäläinen (BLR) Dan O’Brien (USA) Dan O’Brien (USA) Dan O’Brien (USA) Christian Plaziat (FRA) Dave Johnson (USA) Christian Plaziat (FRA) Torsten Voss (GDR) Daley Thompson (GBR) Torsten Voss (GDR) Daley Thompson (GBR) Jürgen Hingsen (FRG) Daley Thompson (GBR) Rainer Pottel (GDR) Guido Kratschmer (FRG) Guido Kratschmer (FRG) Guido Kratschmer (FRG) Aleksandr Grebenyuk (URS) Bruce Jenner (USA) Bruce Jenner (USA) Ryszard Skowronek (POL) Lennart Hedmark (SWE) Nikolay Avilov (URS) PLACE Eugene Kladno Götzis Helsinki Athens Götzis Götzis Götzis Götzis Prague

Decathlon

Uniondale Athens Atlanta Göteborg Götzis Stuttgart Talence Tokyo Split (city) Houston Talence Rome Stuttgart Dresden Los Angeles Bernhausen Athens Birmingham Bernhausen Krefeld Bernhausen Riga Montreal Eugene Montreal Bonn Munich

External links
• Decathlon points calculator

• Team Decathlon website

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Decathlon

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Decathlon" Categories: Events in athletics (track and field), Endurance sports, Individual sports, Multisport competitions This page was last modified on 23 May 2009, at 20:46 (UTC). All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License. (See Copyrights for details.) Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a U.S. registered 501(c)(3) taxdeductible nonprofit charity. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers

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