Handling Storing and Using Hazardous Materials by EIA

VIEWS: 101 PAGES: 19

									U.S. Department of Energy
National Energy Technology Laboratory

PROCEDURE
P 440.1-19

The most recent and official controlled hard copy version of this directive resides with NETL’s Directives Coordinator. An electronic version of the controlled directive has been placed on the NETL Intranet for employee use. Printed hard copies of this electronic version are considered noncontrolled documents.

ISSUED: 5/20/05 REVIEWED: 5/20/05 SUBJECT: HANDLING, STORING, AND USING HAZARDOUS MATERIALS 1. PURPOSE. To define general procedural and training requirements associated with hazardous material handling, use, and storage, to outline responsibilities of personnel involved in hazardous material handling, use, and storage, to ensure proper communication of hazards to employees working with hazardous materials, and to fulfill, in part, the requirements of the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Hazard Communication Standard for a written Hazard Communication Plan. CANCELLATION. Attachment, A, NETL Procedure 440.1-3, Handling, Storage, Use, Transportation, and Control of Hazardous Materials, of 4/15/03. REFERENCES. a. b. c. d. e. f. g. h. i. j. NETL Operating Plan 440.1-1, Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Medicine Program. NETL Operating Plan 440.1-2, Chemical Hygiene Program. NETL Operating Plan 440.1-6, Indoor Air Quality and Ventilation Operating Plan. NETL Procedure 151.1-1, Comprehensive Emergency Management System Administration. NETL Procedure 151.1-2, Emergency Categorizations, Classifications, and Notifications. NETL Procedure 421.1-1, R&D Safety Analysis and Review System. NETL Procedure 421.1-2, Support Operations Safety Analysis and Review System. NETL Procedure 421.1-3, Facility Safety Analysis and Review System. NETL Procedure 440.1-1, Material Safety Data Sheets. NETL Procedure 440.1-2, Chemical Inventory and SARA Title III Reporting.

2. 3.

INITIATED BY: Office of Institutional and Business Operations NO. OF PAGES/ATTACHMENTS: 19 pages

NETL Procedure 440.1-19 k. l. m.
The most recent and official controlled hard copy version of this directive resides with NETL’s Directives Coordinator. An electronic version of the controlled directive has been placed on the NETL Intranet for employee use. Printed hard copies of this electronic version are considered noncontrolled documents.

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NETL Procedure 440.1-12, Worker Protection Program Implementation. NETL Procedure 440.1-13, Hazard Communication Program. NETL Procedure 440.1-14, Workplace Monitoring. NETL Procedure 440.1-44, Signs, Labels, Tags, Identifiers, and Safety Warning Devices. NETL Procedure 450.1-5, Spill Prevention and Control Management. NETL Procedure 450.1-9, Waste Handling, Storage, and Disposal. NETL Form 435.1-1/4, Chemical Handling Facility Data Sheet. Statutory ES&H Standards: (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) 29 CFR 1910 Subpart I, Personal Protective Equipment. 29 CFR 1910.106, Flammable and Combustible Liquids. 29 CFR 1910.109(a), Explosives and Blasting Agents. 29 CFR 1910.1001, Asbestos to 29 CFR 1910.1052, Methylene Chloride. 29 CFR 1910.1004, Subpart Z, Toxic and Hazardous Substances. 29 CFR 1910.1020, Access to Employee Exposure and Medical Records. 29 CFR 1910.1200, Hazard Communication Standard. 29 CFR 1910.1450, Occupational Exposures to Hazardous Chemicals in Laboratories. 40 CFR 302, Designation, Reportable Quantities, and Notification. 49 CFR 171-179, Hazardous Materials Regulations.

n. o. p. q. r.

s.

Reference ES&H Standards: (1) American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH), Threshold Limit Values for Chemical Substances and Physical Agents, Latest Edition. NFPA 30, Flammable and Combustible Liquids Code. NFPA 45, Fire Protection for Laboratories Using Chemicals.

(2) (3)

NETL Procedure 440.1-19 4. DEFINITIONS. a.

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The most recent and official controlled hard copy version of this directive resides with NETL’s Directives Coordinator. An electronic version of the controlled directive has been placed on the NETL Intranet for employee use. Printed hard copies of this electronic version are considered noncontrolled documents.

Acid -- One of a large class of chemical substances whose water solutions have one or more of the following properties: pH less than 7, ability to make litmus dye turn red and to cause other indicator dyes to change to characteristic colors, ability to react with and dissolve certain metals to form salts, and ability to react with bases or alkalis to form salts. Included are both mineral acid and organic acid such as glacial acetic acid. Acute Toxicity -- The condition in which a substance can cause damage or interfere with the metabolism of living tissue as the result of a single or short-duration exposure. Bonding -- The provision of a direct electrical path between two metal objects for the purpose of equalizing their potential static charges. Carcinogen -- A cancer-causing substance. See NETL Procedure on NETL Carcinogen Control Plan for more detailed definition information. Caustic (Base) -- Any of a large class of compounds with one or more of the following properties: pH greater than 7, ability to turn litmus paper blue and to cause other indicators to take on characteristic colors, and ability to react with (neutralize) acids to form salts. Included are both hydroxides and oxides of metals. Chemical Hygiene -- The subset of industrial hygiene that deals with chemical substances and the hazards associated with their use in the workplace. Combustible -- Any solid, liquid, or gas not otherwise classified as flammable that is capable of reacting in air to produce heat in a sustained manner. Any liquid with a flash point at or above 100 °F (37.8 °C). Combustible liquids are subdivided into the following classes: (1) (2) (3) Class II -- Liquids having a flash point at or above 100 °F (37.8 °C) and below 140 °F (60 °C). Class IIIA -- Liquids having a flash point at or above 140 °F (60 °C) and below 200 °F (93.4 °C). Class IIIB -- Liquids having a flash point at or above 200 °F (93.4 °C).

b. c. d. e.

f. g.

h.

Flammable -- A chemical that fits one of the following categories: (1) Flammable Aerosol -- An aerosol that when tested by the method described in 16 CFR 1500.45 yields a flame propagation exceeding 18 inches at full valve opening, or a flashback (a flame extending back toward the valve) at any degree of valve opening.

NETL Procedure 440.1-19 (2)

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Flammable Gas -- A gas that (1) at ambient temperature and pressure, forms a flammable mixture with air at a concentration of 13 percent by volume or less, or (2) at ambient temperature and pressure, forms a range of flammable mixtures with air wider than 12 percent by volume, regardless of the lower limit. Flammable Liquid -- Any liquid having a flash point below 100 °F (37.8 °C) and a vapor pressure not exceeding 40 psia at 100 °F (37.8 °C). Flammable liquids are sub-divided into the following classes: (a) (b) (c) Class IA -- Liquids having a flash point below 73 °F (22.8 °C) and a boiling point below 100 °F (37.8 °C). Class IB -- Liquids having a flash point below 73 °F (22.8 °C) and a boiling point at or above 100 °F (37.8 °C). Class IC -- Liquids having a flash point at or above 73 °C (22.8 °C) and below 100 °F (37.8 °C).

(3)
The most recent and official controlled hard copy version of this directive resides with NETL’s Directives Coordinator. An electronic version of the controlled directive has been placed on the NETL Intranet for employee use. Printed hard copies of this electronic version are considered noncontrolled documents.

(4)

Flammable Solid -- A solid, other than a blasting agent or explosive as defined in 29 CFR 1910.109(a), that is liable to cause fire through friction, absorption of moisture, spontaneous chemical change, or retained heat from manufacturing or processing, or which can be ignited readily and when ignited burns so vigorously and persistently as to create a serious hazard.

i. j.

Flash Point -- The minimum temperature at which a liquid gives off vapors in sufficient concentration to form an ignitable mixture with air near the surface of the liquid. Hazard Classification -- Classification of chemicals/materials according to their potential hazards. These include the following: organic acid, mineral acid, caustic, oxidant, radioactive, toxic, highly toxic, peroxidizable, water reactive, unstable, pyrophoric, explosive, carcinogen, flammable, combustible, cryogen, and compressed gas. Highly Toxic -- A chemical falling within any of the following categories: (1) A chemical that has a median lethal dose (LD50) of 50 milligrams (mg) or less per kilogram (kg) of body weight when administered orally to albino rats weighing between 200 and 300 grams (g) each. A chemical that has an LD50 of 200 mg or less per kg of body weight when administered by continuous contact for 24 hours or less with the bare skin of albino rats weighing between two and three kilograms each. A chemical that has a lethal concentration 50 (LC50) in air of 200 parts per million (ppm) by volume or less of gas or vapor, or 2 mg per liter (l) or less of mist, fume, or dust, when administered by continuous inhalation for 1 hour or less to albino rats weighing between 200 and 300 grams each.

k.

(2)

(3)

NETL Procedure 440.1-19 l.

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HMIS -- Hazardous Material Information System. A computerized information management system designed to ensure the safe transportation of hazardous materials by highway, air, rail, or water. Oxidizer (Oxidant) -- A chemical other than a blasting agent or explosive that initiates or promotes combustion in other materials, thereby causing fire either of itself or through the release of oxygen or other gases. Special Hazards -- Unstable or reactive materials that require special shipping, labeling, handling, use, and storage procedures. These include peroxidizable, water reactive, unstable, and pyrophoric materials. Toxic -- A chemical falling within any of the following categories: (1) A chemical that has a median lethal dose (LD50) of more than 50 milligrams (mg) per kilogram (kg), but not more than 500 mg per kg of body weight when administered orally to albino rats weighing between 200 and 300 grams (g) each. A chemical that has a LD50 of more than 200 mg/kg but not more than 1,000 mg/kg of body weight when administered by continuous contact for 24 hours or less with the bare skin of albino rats weighing between 2 and 3 kilograms each. A chemical that has a LC50 in air of more than 200 parts per million (ppm) but not more than 2,000 ppm by volume of gas or vapor, or more than 2 mg per liter (l) but not more than 20 mg/l of mist, fume, or dust, when administered by continuous inhalation for 1 hour or less to albino rats weighing between 200 and 300 grams each.

m.
The most recent and official controlled hard copy version of this directive resides with NETL’s Directives Coordinator. An electronic version of the controlled directive has been placed on the NETL Intranet for employee use. Printed hard copies of this electronic version are considered noncontrolled documents.

n.

o.

(2)

(3)

p.

Unstable (Reactive) Materials -- Chemicals, including explosives which in the pure state, or as produced or transported, will vigorously polymerize, decompose, condense, or will become self-reactive under specified conditions of shock, pressure, or temperature. Water Reactive -- A chemical that reacts with water to produce fire, heat, hazardous gases/vapors, or other undesired consequences.

q. 5.

QUALITY CONTROL. a. b. All Operating Procedures involving the handling, use, and storage of hazardous materials shall be reviewed and approved before operations can be initiated. Training records of employees involved in the handling, use, and storage of hazardous materials shall be reviewed during SARS reviews (i.e., initial review and annual re-assessments).

NETL Procedure 440.1-19 c.

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Records shall be maintained to document the operating permit package, toxic materials usage, work area monitoring, and health monitoring. Persons responsible for maintaining these records are identified under “Document Control.” Evaluation of worker implementation of the requirements of this Procedure shall be through the annual SARS reviews.

d.
The most recent and official controlled hard copy version of this directive resides with NETL’s Directives Coordinator. An electronic version of the controlled directive has been placed on the NETL Intranet for employee use. Printed hard copies of this electronic version are considered noncontrolled documents.

6.

RESPONSIBILITIES. a. Line Managers shall: (1) Ensure that adequate financial and personnel resources are available to carry out the specific requirements of this Procedure as applied to their respective organizations. Enforce the requirements of this Procedure for employees and areas under their supervision. Ensure the implementation of hazard communication requirements (associated with the handling, storage, use, and control of hazardous materials), including employee training, in areas under their supervision. Ensure that containers used in areas under their supervision are properly labeled. Ensure that employees under their supervision have received the operational training (including training on operating procedures) appropriate to their employees’ job tasks, and shall be able to provide records of these operational training requirements and their completion upon request. Conduct inspections of supervised areas and participate in scheduled management walkthrough inspections.

(2) (3)

(4) (5)

(6) b.

Federal Chemical Hygiene Officer shall: (1) (2) Aid in determining hazardous materials classifications for chemicals produced on site. Provide to Line Managers and RPs expertise and information on issues related to handling, storage, use, and control of hazardous materials.

c.

Chemical Inventory and MSDS Manager (CIMM) shall: (1) Be responsible for operating and maintaining NETL’s chemical inventory and NETL’s MSDS library.

NETL Procedure 440.1-19 (2) d. Monitor procurement/obtaining of chemicals.

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Responsible Persons (RPs) shall: (1) Aid in the determination of hazardous materials classification for samples or other materials produced on site. Provide MSDSs and other reference materials to the CHO and CIMM, as necessary to expedite this determination. Maintain use records of carcinogenic, toxic and highly toxic materials, including names of employees involved in use of toxic materials. Ensure that laboratory chemical storage is kept to a minimum quantity necessary to perform operations.

The most recent and official controlled hard copy version of this directive resides with NETL’s Directives Coordinator. An electronic version of the controlled directive has been placed on the NETL Intranet for employee use. Printed hard copies of this electronic version are considered noncontrolled documents.

(2) (3) e.

Laboratory/Plant Area Workers shall: (1) (2) (3) Plan and conduct their operations and activities in accordance with the approved chemical hygiene policies and procedures. Ensure that storage of chemicals in the laboratory is kept to the minimum required to perform operations. Adhere to the requirements outlined in this Procedure and the Chemical Hygiene Operating Plan and bring to the Line Manager’s attention new or potentially hazardous conditions for corrective action. Report to the OHU and to his/her Line Manager any unusual changes in personal health conditions that may be attributable to workplace exposure. Report to the appropriate ES&HD Program Manager all environmental issues such as odors, leaks, spills, or sources of contamination, that may warrant attention. Properly label containers used in their areas. Use and maintain the following: (a) (b) (c) (d) Safety containers with proper labels; PPE; Specific procedures for the handling, storage, and use of hazardous materials; and Equipment to control the release of hazardous materials.

(4) (5)

(6) (7)

NETL Procedure 440.1-19 (8)

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Read the safety warnings associated with hazardous chemical labels, and understand that taking proper precautions related to these chemicals rests with the individual. Use approved containers, with proper labels affixed, when hazardous materials are subdivided, transported, or disposed.

(9)
The most recent and official controlled hard copy version of this directive resides with NETL’s Directives Coordinator. An electronic version of the controlled directive has been placed on the NETL Intranet for employee use. Printed hard copies of this electronic version are considered noncontrolled documents.

f.

Procurement Personnel shall: (1) Require vendors of chemicals to label chemical packages in accordance with DOT regulations, to label individual chemical containers in accordance with OSHA regulations and to supply MSDSs to NETL on chemicals purchased. Apprise subcontractors or vendors of the requirements pertaining to the introduction and use of hazardous materials at NETL by incorporating a special conditions clause in procurement actions. Ensure that procurement requests are not sent to credit card buyers unless directed by the CIMM.

(2)

(3) g.

Shipping and Receiving shall: (1) (2) (3) Ensure that any chemical without an MSDS is not passed on to the requisitioner until resolution by the CIMM. Ensure that all chemicals have an approved purchase orders. Ensure that the original shipping container is in good condition and that the MSDS has accompanied it or has preceded it. Inspect the package for the name of the manufacturer and the name of the material, rejecting all unlabeled shipments of chemicals.

h.

Accounting personnel shall withhold payment on any order requiring an MSDS until the MSDS is received and verified by the CIMM or some other arrangements have been made (e.g., generating an MSDS on site for the material). The Site Support Contractor ES&H Staff shall: (1) (2) Conduct health hazard surveys and conduct chemical exposure monitoring as required by OSHA regulations, DOE Orders, and as directed by the CHO. Identify non-routine tasks that could result in employee exposure to hazardous chemicals.

i.

NETL Procedure 440.1-19 (3)

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Perform health and safety audits and reviews to assure that NETL complies with applicable state and Federal requirements regarding the handling, storage, use, and control of hazardous materials. Explain the hazardous materials information system (HMIS) to employees during the New Hire Employee Hazard Communication Plan training. Assist the CIMM in maintaining a site inventory and master MSDS library of chemicals used at NETL. The chemical inventory and MSDS library shall be made available to NETL employees and on-site contractor employees. Support RPs, Line Managers, and CHO in requests for chemical inventory information and hazardous materials data. Advise and assist the CHO in specifying standards for containers, storage cabinets, storage areas, and equipment associated with the safe handling, storage, and use of hazardous materials. Operate and maintain a system for collection, storage, tracking, and disposal of waste chemicals. When requested, provide assistance to Line Managers in developing hazard communication training specific to employees’ work areas, non-routine tasks, and processes using newly introduced chemicals. When requested, provide Hazard Communication training to on-site contractor employees. Implement the requirements set forth in this document within their own workforce and workplace. This implementation shall be consistent with contract terms, task/ subtask requirements, and technical direction. Maintain records of general ES&H training completed by SSC employees, including SSC subcontractors.

(4)
The most recent and official controlled hard copy version of this directive resides with NETL’s Directives Coordinator. An electronic version of the controlled directive has been placed on the NETL Intranet for employee use. Printed hard copies of this electronic version are considered noncontrolled documents.

(5)

(6) (7)

(8) (9)

(10) (11)

(12) 7.

TRAINING REQUIREMENTS. a. Employees shall be provided with information and training on hazardous materials in their work area at the time of their initial assignment, prior to assignments involving new potential exposure situations, whenever a new hazard is introduced into their work area, or whenever a potential health hazard exists which requires engineering controls, administrative procedures, or personal protective equipment (PPE). Training in the use of specific PPE items shall be provided. Refresher information and training shall be provided as necessary.

NETL Procedure 440.1-19 b.

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Training shall be required of personnel specifically involved in the handling, use, storage, or control of hazardous materials. Training requirements shall be determined by the Line Manager and shall be reviewed and approved by the SARS as part of the operating permit request package. New employee hazard communication training shall be communicated through audiovisual aids and discussion and/or through computer-based training and shall contain information about NETL’s Hazard Communication Program. Waste producers, waste handlers, and waste accumulation facility personnel shall complete a program of classroom instruction and on-the-job training that teaches them to perform their duties in a way that ensures their safety and health and NETL’s compliance with applicable Federal, state, and local regulations. All NETL employees shall be trained in hazardous material and waste management awareness. Any non-routine tasks to be performed by employees shall be investigated by the Line Manager for possible hazards. If there is a hazard potential, controls shall be implemented, which include providing the employee with information and training for his/her protection against exposures.

c.
The most recent and official controlled hard copy version of this directive resides with NETL’s Directives Coordinator. An electronic version of the controlled directive has been placed on the NETL Intranet for employee use. Printed hard copies of this electronic version are considered noncontrolled documents.

d.

e. f.

8.

DOCUMENT CONTROL. a. Official copies of operating permit packages, including a copy of the approved operating permit, shall be maintained according to the SARS Procedure. RPs shall also maintain a copy of the operating permit package for use in the work area. MSDSs shall be maintained in hard copy at a central location designated by the CIMM and on a computerized database. Records of carcinogenic, toxic, and highly toxic materials usage and those personnel involved with this usage shall be maintained by the RP. Copies of these records shall be forwarded to the CHO and maintained in the files of the ES&H Records Center. Documentation of results of work area monitoring during carcinogenic, toxic, and highly toxic materials usage shall be maintained in the files of the CHO, OHU, and the ES&H Record Center for a minimum of 30 years past the termination date of the affected employees. Documentation of health monitoring results shall be maintained in the files of the OHU for a minimum of 30 years past the termination of the affected employees. Industrial hygiene exposure records for workers using carcinogenic, toxic, and highly toxic materials shall be maintained by the CHO, OHU, and the ES&H Records Center.

b. c.

d.

e. f.

NETL Procedure 440.1-19 g. h.

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Libraries of all available MSDS for chemicals used or stored on the NETL facility shall be located at both sites. Prior to obtaining hazardous materials or implementing specific operations, procedures, or activities that involve the use of hazardous materials, a permit must be obtained and documented via the appropriate SARS process.

The most recent and official controlled hard copy version of this directive resides with NETL’s Directives Coordinator. An electronic version of the controlled directive has been placed on the NETL Intranet for employee use. Printed hard copies of this electronic version are considered noncontrolled documents.

9.

PROCEDURE. a. Labeling (1) Labeling requirements in this Procedure do not apply to pesticides, rodenticides, insecticides, and fungicides subject to labeling regulations issued by EPA; food additives or drugs that require labeling by the Food and Drug Administration; hazardous substances that require labeling under the Consumer Product Safety Act or the Consumer Product Safety Commission; or any hazardous material which is received with an acceptable label that complies with the requirements of 29 CFR 1910.1200. Each container of hazardous materials received for use or leaving the workplace shall be labeled, tagged, or marked in a manner which complies with existing regulations. Material labels required by other authorities, such as EPA, OSHA, and DOT, shall not be obliterated or defaced. Containers of hazardous materials released for use by others shall be checked (by releasers and users) to ensure that at a minimum, they are labeled with the following information: (a) (b) (c) (5) Identification of the material. Appropriate hazard warning label. Name and address of the chemical manufacturer, importer, or other responsible party.

(2)

(3) (4)

Containers used for chemical materials (including toxic or hazardous materials) must be appropriately labeled. Containers of hazardous materials at NETL which do not have an acceptable manufacturer’s label shall be labeled in accordance with NETL Procedure 440.1-44, Signs, Labels, Tags, Identifiers, and Safety Warning Devices. Pipelines shall be identified by color coding and/or labels applied at or near ports. Pipelines containing effluents, water discharges, emissions through stacks,

(6)

NETL Procedure 440.1-19

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discharge conduits, or fire sprinkler systems containing only water do not require labeling. (7) Signs, placards, or written operating procedures may be substituted for labels on stationary equipment, as long as the substitution meets the information criteria specified above and is readily available to employees.

The most recent and official controlled hard copy version of this directive resides with NETL’s Directives Coordinator. An electronic version of the controlled directive has been placed on the NETL Intranet for employee use. Printed hard copies of this electronic version are considered noncontrolled documents.

b. c.

MSDSs -- An MSDS will be obtained and retained for each chemical located at NETL in accordance with NETL Procedure 440.1-1, Material Safety Data Sheets. Listing of Hazardous Chemicals Used -- A complete list of hazardous chemicals shall be maintained by the CIMM and shall be updated as new chemicals are received or as chemicals are used in accordance with NETL Procedure 440.1-2, Chemical Inventory and SARA Title III Reporting. Approvals (1) Laboratory Environments (a) All laboratory operations involving the handling, use, control, and/or storage of hazardous materials shall be reviewed according to NETL Procedure 421.1-1, R&D Safety Analysis and Review System. Written operating procedures may be required as part of the R&D SARS package. Operating procedures should specify plans for handling, use, control, and storage of hazardous materials; equipment required specifically for working with the hazardous materials; potential chemical incompatibility issues and control strategies, if applicable; PEL, TLV, and other limits for worker exposure; procedures for monitoring worker exposure; required PPE; and required operator training. The RP, in consultation with the project’s assigned ES&H representative, shall review the operating procedures annually, and make required changes as needed.

d.

(b)

(c)

(2)

Facilities and Support Operation Environments (a) All on-site activities involving the handling, use, control, and/or storage of hazardous materials that are not otherwise analyzed by NETL’s R&D SARS process shall be reviewed by the FSC (according to NETL Procedure 421.1-3, Facility Safety Analysis and Review System) or through the support operations SARS process (NETL Procedure 421.1-2, Support Operations Safety Analysis and Review System). Written operating procedures may be required as part of these SARS approval processes. Operating procedures should specify plans for

(b)

NETL Procedure 440.1-19

13 of 19 handling, use, control, and storage of hazardous materials; equipment required specifically for working with the hazardous materials; potential chemical incompatibility issues and control strategies, if applicable; PEL, TLV, and other limits for worker exposure; procedures for monitoring worker exposure; required PPE; and required operator training.

The most recent and official controlled hard copy version of this directive resides with NETL’s Directives Coordinator. An electronic version of the controlled directive has been placed on the NETL Intranet for employee use. Printed hard copies of this electronic version are considered noncontrolled documents.

(c)

The RP, in consultation with the project’s assigned ES&H representative, shall review the operating procedures annually, and make required changes as needed.

e.

Personal Protective and Emergency Equipment -- Each laboratory and work area designated for hazardous materials use shall include the following unless otherwise specified by the CHO or through the SARS processes. (1) PPE compatible with the required degree of protection for the materials being used, as specified in NETL Procedure 440.1-12, Worker Protection Program Implementation. An easily accessible drench-type safety shower which complies with ANSI Z358.1. An easily accessible eyewash fountain which complies with ANSI Z358.1. A fire extinguisher of the type consistent with the potential fire hazard. An easily accessible fire alarm. A telephone for emergency use. Other items such as respiratory protection equipment as applicable to the potential hazard and specified by the CHO. Spill kits appropriate for the materials being used in the laboratory. Quantity and location of emergency supplies and equipment will depend on the specific operation involved.

(2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8)

f.

General Guidelines for Handling, Use, and Storage of Hazardous Materials (1) NETL Directives on Spill Control and Emergency Management Systems -- Prior to operation, laboratory workers shall be required to be informed of the content of these directives. Operator Review -- The Line Manager shall review the training records of their personnel involved in the handling, use, control, or storage of hazardous materials to ensure that appropriate training has been completed.

(2)

NETL Procedure 440.1-19 (3)

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Signs, Labels, and Identifiers -- All areas in which hazardous materials are handled, used, controlled, or stored shall be clearly posted in accordance with NETL Procedure 440.1-44, Signs, Labels, Tags, Identifiers, and Safety Warning Devices. Waste Disposal -- Disposal of hazardous materials shall be done in accordance with the NETL Procedure on Waste Handling, Storage, and Disposal. Eating and Drinking -- Eating, drinking, storage of food, use of tobacco, gum chewing, contact lens insertion, and application of cosmetics shall be prohibited in all laboratory and process environments and in all areas where hazardous materials are present or in use. Contact lens wearing may be prohibited in certain lab or shop environments. Ventilation -- Operations involving the use of hazardous materials shall be conducted in properly ventilated areas, such as chemical fume hoods or under an approved ventilation system which complies with air flow requirements for the chemicals involved, as specified by the CHO or SARS processes. Air flow monitors with alarms shall be used to ensure effective operation of the ventilation systems. Procedures followed in the specification of ventilation systems shall be in accordance with NETL Directives on Indoor Air Quality and Ventilation. Transfer of Hazardous Materials -- The transfer of hazardous materials from the NETL receiving area to a work area or storage area or from one work area to another, shall be done in accordance with the following: (a) Unopened (sealed) containers may be transferred from area to area if they are still packaged in the original shipping container with the original packing materials. Breakable containers such as glass bottles shall be transferred in approved secondary bottle carriers to minimize the risk of breakage and to contain potential spills. Alternative bottle carriers may be used depending on the particular application subject to approval by the CHO or the Hazardous Waste Manager. Additional precautions for transfer of highly toxic materials may be specified by the CHO as indicated below.

(4)
The most recent and official controlled hard copy version of this directive resides with NETL’s Directives Coordinator. An electronic version of the controlled directive has been placed on the NETL Intranet for employee use. Printed hard copies of this electronic version are considered noncontrolled documents.

(5)

(6)

(7)

(b)

(c) (8)

Laboratory Hygiene -- All personnel involved with handling or use of hazardous materials shall wash hands, face, and any other exposed dermal areas after handling these materials and before leaving their work areas. Work areas shall be kept clean and uncluttered, with chemicals and equipment being properly labeled and stored; work areas shall be cleaned up after completion of an operation or at the end of each day.

NETL Procedure 440.1-19 g. Handling and Use of Flammable or Combustible Materials (1) (2)
The most recent and official controlled hard copy version of this directive resides with NETL’s Directives Coordinator. An electronic version of the controlled directive has been placed on the NETL Intranet for employee use. Printed hard copies of this electronic version are considered noncontrolled documents.

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Flammable materials shall be handled and used only in areas free from potential ignition sources. Highly reactive, oxidizing, or other incompatible materials shall be kept isolated from work areas in which flammable and combustible materials are handled and used. Specific laboratory operations that require contact of flammables with reactive, oxidizing, or incompatible materials must be analyzed through a SARS review. When transferring flammable liquids from/to metal containers, proper electrical bonding and grounding shall be used to avoid static-generated sparks. Transport of flammable materials in on-site vehicles shall be done in open compartments or well-ventilated compartments. Containers shall be shaded from direct sunlight. When transferring combustible or flammable liquids from one container to another with a pumping device, the pumping device must have an automatic cut-off switch and be fail-safe in the event of loss of electrical power.

(3) (4)

(5)

h.

Handling and Use of Materials of Moderate Chronic or High Acute Toxicity (1) (2) Approved PPE shall be worn at all times while working with materials of moderate chronic or high acute toxicity to avoid contact of toxic material with the skin. Records shall be kept (e.g., as part of the laboratory notebook record of experiments) to include amounts of material used and the names of workers involved in the handling and use of materials of moderate chronic or high acute toxicity. Apparati using, processing, or generating materials of moderate chronic or high acute toxicity should be mounted above trays made of polyethylene or other chemically resistant material to contain spilled substances. Vapors that are discharged from such an apparatus shall be trapped or condensed to avoid adding substantial amounts of toxic vapor to the ventilation system exhaust air. Work areas where toxic materials are being used or stored shall have restricted access with warning signs posted to identify special toxicity hazards in accordance with NETL Procedure 440.1-44, Signs, Labels, Tags, Identifiers, and Safety Warning Devices. In work areas where exposure levels in excess of the PEL or TLV are identified, operating procedures shall be reviewed to try and reduce the risk of exposure. In cases where exposure levels cannot be reduced by feasible engineering and/or

(3)

(4)

(5)

NETL Procedure 440.1-19

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administrative controls, appropriate PPE shall be required. Continuous monitoring of these work areas may be required at the discretion of the CHO. (6) Baseline and periodic physical examinations shall be performed on employees at risk of exposure to hazardous materials to detect possible adverse effects of exposure. The scope, frequency, and duration of such examinations shall be determined by the OHU physician in consultation with the CHO. Transport of toxic chemicals shall be done in approved safety containers. Bottle carriers shall be required to protect bottles from breakage and serve as containment vessels for leaking bottles.

The most recent and official controlled hard copy version of this directive resides with NETL’s Directives Coordinator. An electronic version of the controlled directive has been placed on the NETL Intranet for employee use. Printed hard copies of this electronic version are considered noncontrolled documents.

(7)

i.

Handling and Use of Materials of Known High Chronic Toxicity (1) (2) (3) All of the procedures described in the section on “Handling and Use of Materials of Moderate Chronic or High Acute Toxicity” shall be followed. An accurate record of the amounts of materials being stored and of the amounts used, dates of use, and names of users shall be maintained by the RP. When working with a negative pressure glove box, the ventilation rate shall be at least two volume exchanges per hour, the pressure shall be at least 0.5 in. of water lower than the external pressure, and the exit gases shall be passed through a trap or a filtering or scrubbing mechanism as appropriate. When working with positive pressure glove boxes, the boxes shall be thoroughly leak tested before each use and the exit gases shall be passed through a suitable trap or filter. Vacuum pumps used with materials of high chronic toxicity shall be protected by high efficiency scrubbers or a filtering or scrubbing mechanism and vented into an exhaust hood.

(4)

(5)

j.

Storage of Hazardous Materials (1) (2) All hazardous materials shall be stored in cabinets or storage areas approved for the specific hazard according to SARS processes. All chemical storage cabinets and storage areas shall be clearly labeled with an indication of hazard classification according to NETL Procedure 440.1-44, Signs, Labels, Tags, Identifiers, and Safety Warning Devices. Incompatible chemicals/materials shall be segregated. In cases where multiple hazards are indicated for a given chemical, the CHO shall determine a hazard priority for storage purposes.

(3)

NETL Procedure 440.1-19 (4)

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Whenever possible, hazardous materials shall be kept in their original shipping containers or in other safety containers approved through the SARS process or by the CHO. All containers shall be labeled to identify their contents and hazards. Appropriate warning signs shall be posted in areas where hazardous materials are present. Quantities of hazardous materials stored in laboratories and other work areas shall be kept to the minimum amount required to insure uninterrupted operation. Chemicals shall not be stored on bench tops or in chemical fume hoods without the approval of the CHO. Chemical storage areas shall not be used as preparation or repackaging areas. Storage areas shall be inspected periodically by line management and the CHO to ensure that chemicals are stored properly, containers are in good condition, and the length of storage of chemicals is within specified limits.

(5)
The most recent and official controlled hard copy version of this directive resides with NETL’s Directives Coordinator. An electronic version of the controlled directive has been placed on the NETL Intranet for employee use. Printed hard copies of this electronic version are considered noncontrolled documents.

(6) (7) (8) (9)

k.

Storage of Flammable and Combustible Materials (1) (2) Storage of flammable and combustible materials shall be in containers, cabinets, and/or storage areas as specified in 29 CFR 1910.106 and NFPA 30. Storage of mineral acids, organic acids, caustics (bases), oxidants, radioactives, toxics, and special hazards materials is prohibited in flammable storage cabinets and storage areas. Bulk storage of flammable materials shall be done in designated storage areas at both Pittsburgh and Morgantown sites. All drums of flammable and combustible liquids shall be stored securely. Drums shall be stored with end bung openings toward the aisle and side bung openings on top. All drums shall be grounded using a minimum length of American wire gage 10 wire. The drum may be ungrounded during transport. Drums shall not be grounded to gas lines, power circuit conduits, fire, or security alarm conduits. Drums shall be stored away from direct sunlight and other potential heat sources. While in storage the bung shall be removed and replaced with a pressure and vacuum relief vent which meets OSHA specifications to protect against internal pressure buildup in the event of a fire.

(3) (4)

(5)

(6)

NETL Procedure 440.1-19 (7)

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Leaking drums shall be emptied, removed from service immediately, and disposed of in accordance with NETL Procedure on Waste Handling, Storage, and Disposal. Storage cabinets containing flammable materials do not require ventilation.

(8)
The most recent and official controlled hard copy version of this directive resides with NETL’s Directives Coordinator. An electronic version of the controlled directive has been placed on the NETL Intranet for employee use. Printed hard copies of this electronic version are considered noncontrolled documents.

l.

Storage of Toxic Materials (1) Toxic materials shall be segregated from other materials and stored in a welldefined area of restricted access which is clearly identified in accordance with NETL Procedure 440.1-44, Signs, Labels, Tags, Identifiers, and Safety Warning Devices. Whenever possible, toxic materials shall be stored in unbreakable secondary containers. Toxic materials shall be stored in areas or cabinets isolated from sunlight, external heat sources, acids, oxidants, and moisture. Previously opened containers of toxic materials shall be resealed with tape or other sealant before being returned to storage. Toxic materials shall be stored in ventilated storage areas.

(2) (3) (4) (5) m.

Storage of Other Hazardous Materials (1) Mineral acids shall be stored in approved storage cabinets or areas that are clearly labeled according to NETL Procedure on Signs, Labels, and Identifiers, and separated from organic acids, caustics, oxidants, toxic, and special hazard materials. Caustics shall be stored in approved cabinets or areas that are clearly labeled according to NETL Procedure 440.1-44, Signs, Labels, Tags, Identifiers, and Safety Warning Devices. Oxidizers shall be stored in approved cabinets or areas that are clearly labeled and separated from organic acids, flammable, combustible, toxic, and special hazard materials. Organic acids shall be stored in approved cabinets or areas that are clearly labeled and separated from mineral acids, caustics, toxic, and special hazard materials. Procedures for storage of special hazard materials shall be determined through SARS processes in consultation with CHO.

(2)

(3)

(4) (5)

The most recent and official controlled hard copy version of this directive resides with NETL’s Directives Coordinator. An electronic version of the controlled directive has been placed on the NETL Intranet for employee use. Printed hard copies of this electronic version are considered noncontrolled documents.

NETL Procedure 440.1-19 n.

Chemical Handling Facility (CHF) -- A designated chemical handling facility shall be maintained and operated at NETL.

___________________________________ Director, OIBO

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