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Cali

Cali
Cali Santiago de Cali
Location of the municipality and city of Cali in the Valle del Cauca Department.

Cali
Location in Colombia

Flag

Coordinates: 3°25′13.95″N 76°31′20″W / 3.4205417°N 76.52222°W / 3.4205417; -76.52222 Country Department Foundation Founder
Seal

Colombia Valle del Cauca July 25, 1536 Sebastián de Belalcázar Jorge Ivan Ospina 4,977.96 km2 (1,922 sq mi) 997 m (3,271 ft)

Nickname(s): "Branch of Heaven", "Sultana del Valle", "Sports City of Colombia", "Cali es Cali, lo demás es loma"

Government - Mayor Area - City Elevation

Population (2005)[8] 2,068,386 (ranked 3rd) - City 4,372/km2 (11,323.4/sq mi) - Density 2,530,756 - Metro Caleño - Demonym Time zone Area code(s) HDI (2008) Website COT (UTC-5) 2 0.80 – high http://www.cali.gov.co/

Santiago de Cali (Spanish pronunciation: [sanˈtjaɰo ð̞e ˈkali]), simply referred to as Cali, is a city in western Colombia and the capital of the Valle del Cauca Department. With a

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population of 2,068,386, Cali is the third largest city in the country. It is a magnet and a catalyst inside Colombia due to its industrial and commercial development, and has one of the fastest growing economies and infrastructure in the country because of its geographical location. Cali was founded on July 25, 1536 by the Spanish conquistador Sebastián de Belalcázar.

Cali

Etymology
Cali is the shortned form of the official name of the city Santiago de Cali. The first part of the full name honours Saint James the apostle (Santiago in Spanish) whose feast day is celebrated on July 25. The origin of the word "Cali" comes the local native Indian tribe the "Calima" or "Calimas" descendants of the "Chibcha" tribe. Others believe that the word "Cali" has Quechua origin, and it was brought by the Yanaconas Indians that came from Quito serving Sebastián de Belalcázar. This theory is related to the fact that near Quito there is an indigenous town named Calicali.pachangero

History
Pre-Colombian era and conquest
Before the arrival of the Spaniards, the current region of Cali was inhabited by many indigenous tribes, mostly speakers of Cariban languages. In the region between the Cauca River and the Western Cordillera, the Gorrones were established between the present day Roldanillo and Cali. The biggest town of the Morrones was sited on the River Pescador near the present day towns of Zarzal and Bugalagrande. Although cannibals, the Morrones traded with the Quimbayas who inhabited the north of the Valle del Cauca. On his way to Cali, Sebastián de Belalcázar first met the Timbas who ran away before the arrival of the Conqueror’s men, leaving behind their towns and gold. After the Timbas, towards the north, the Spaniards entered the territory of the chief Jamundí and his tribe, the Jamundíes, between the rivers Pance and Jamundí. These Indians offered a strong resistance to the invaders, fighting with poisonous darts and arrows against the arquebuses and swords of the Spaniards. After taking Jamundíes’ town the Spaniards looted the Indian’s gold.

Calima’s Before taking complete control over the region, the Spaniards had to defeat the chief Petecuy, whose tribe inhabited the area between the river Lilí and the Western Cordillera. Petecuy formed a big army with many tribes and fought the Spaniards on Holy Tuesday of 1536. The Morrones gave up easily to the Spaniards and were divided in encomiendas. The already "mestizo" nature of the Spaniards made the process of mixing with the Amerindians easy. In fact, Belalcázar himself fathered several children born in the Americas from Indian mothers, as did his men. Cali was important for Belalcázar because it was beyond the Inca empire. After the capture and execution of the Inca Atahualpa at Cajamarca, Francisco Pizarro had sent Belalcázar to take possession of Guayaquil and Quito on his behalf, but Cali, being beyond the Quechua empire, was claimed by Belalcazar as his own territory. After his death, his descendants maintained possession of much of the land until the war of independence against Spain.

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Cali
occupied by the Church La Merced today, and Belalcázar designated Pedro de Ayala as the first municipal authority. During the Colonia (colonial period), Santiago de Cali was part of the gobernación of Popayán, which was part of Quito’s Audiencia. Although initially Cali was the capital of Popayán’s Gobernación, in 1540 Belalcázar moved this function to Popayán due to better weather. Until the 18th century most of the territory of what is now Cali was occupied by haciendas (cattle farms and plantations of food, with some sugar cane), and the city was only a small town near the Cali River. In 1793, Cali had 6,548 inhabitants, 1,106 of whom were (African) slaves. The haciendas were the property of the dominant noble class with many slaves dedicated mostly to stockbreeding and raising sugar cane crops. Many of these haciendas became neighborhoods of the present city like Cañaveralejo, Chipichape, Pasoancho, Arroyohondo, Cañasgordas, Limonar, and Meléndez. Cali was strategically positioned for trade, centrally located in relation to the mining regions of Antioquia, Chocó, and Popayán. In the colonial period, the first trail for mules and horses between Cali and the port of Buenaventura was completed.

Independence
Sebastián de Belalcázar.

Founding and colonial period
The founder of Cali, Sebastián de Belalcázar, came to the American continent in the third voyage made by Columbus in 1498. In 1532, after serving in Darién and Nicaragua, he joined Francisco Pizarro in the conquest of Perú. In 1534 Belalcázar separated from Pizarro’s expedition to found the city of Quito, and later in his search of El Dorado he entered the territory of what is now Colombia, founding the cities of Pasto and Popayán. On July 25, 1536, Belalcázar founded Santiago de Cali, first established a few miles north of the present location, near what are now the towns of Vijes and Riofrio. Under the orders of Belalcázar, captain Miguel Muñoz moved the city to its present location in 1537, where the chaplain Brother Santos de Añasco celebrated a mass in the place

La Merced. On 3 July 1810 Santiago de Cali refused to recognize the Council of Regency of Spain and established its own junta. This local uprising predates the national one in Bogotá by 17 days.[1] The Governor of Popayán, Miguel Tacón y Rosique, organized an army to control the uprising. The people from Cali called for help to the "Junta Suprema" in Bogotá,

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which sent a contingent under colonel Antonio Baraya to support the independence cause. For mutual defense, Cali also formed, with Anserma, Cartago, Toro, Buga and Caloto, the "Friend Cities of the Cauca Valley", which declared independence from the Governorate of Popayán on 1 February 1811, although they continued to recognize the absent Ferdinand VII as their head of state. On the 28 March 1811 in the battle of Bajo Palacé the Army of Baraya defeated the royalist army with the help of Atanasio Girardot.[2] In the following years there were many battles between royalists and local militia. After having been released from captivity by Napoleon, Ferdinand VII sent a large army under the command of the "Pacificador" (Pacifier) Pablo Morillo who restored royalist rule in the area by 1816. In 1819 after Simón Bolívar defeated the bulk of the royalist army in the Battle of Boyacá, there were new uprisings in the Valle del Cauca and the Criollos took control permanently. In 1822 Bolívar arrived in Cali. The city was an important military outpost and the region contributed many men to the war of independence that liberated the nations in the south.

Cali
were transferred from the Spanish Crown to the impoverished class. From the market gardens on these lends the city was supplied in food resources. The economy was based mainly on livestock, sugar cane, beef, panela, a sugar derivative, cheese and the gold mines from the Pacific; there was also a small growing industrialization sector of the economy. Around 1890 a private company, Company of Public Works of Cauca, built the Plaza de mercado (market plaza). This originates the development of a commercial area and from this becomes the transformation of the Plaza Mayor or plaza de Caycedo. In 1921, the market was sold to the Cali municipality, very close to the 9th street, were located the princial station of the tranvia of Cali, this system linked the city with suburban areas.

Recent History

Modernism

Municipal Theater In the 20th century Santiago de Cali, capital of the Cauca state, was a very quiet community with no more than 20,000 inhabitants. The urban center of the city were in the neighborhoods of Empedrado or Altozano, which were surrounded by La Merced and San Antonio neighborhoods. The city was surrounded by mango plantations, pastures and communal lands that

Torre de Cali • In the year 1971 Santiago de Cali hosted the Pan American Games, an event which is considered by many as the height of the city’s golden age as a model of civic orderliness: after it Cali was named the Sports Capital of Colombia. That same year, the government of Cali inaugurated what is now the third largest building in the Republic of Colombia. "La Torre de

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Cali", or The Cali Tower, has an hotel, offices and apartment complexes. It stands at 42 floors above the city, making it the 3rd largest building in Colombia. • On August 7th, 1956, at around 1 a.m., seven Colombian army trucks filled with 42 tons of dynamite exploded near the train station, destroying around eight city blocks.[3][4] A nearby army barracks was instantly destroyed, killing all 500 soldiers. Windows were shattered for miles. More than 1,000 people were killed and several thousand injured.[5]

Cali
In the south the rivers Cañaveralejo, Lilí, and Meléndez flow into the CVC south channel which also empties into the Cauca River. Farther south, the banks of the Pance River are a popular place for recreation and leisure.

Climate
The local climate is semi-tropical as the Western Mountain Range screens the flow of humidity from the Pacific coast towards the interior of the country. In the afternoons Cali enjoys a fresh cross breeze that originates in the west and blows east. The Western Mountain Range rises from an average of 2,000 meters above sea level in the northern part of the city to approximately 4,000 meters to the south. Because of this variation in altitude, the weather in the northwest portion of the city is drier than in the southwest. The average annual precipitation varies between 900 mm to 1,800 mm depending on the metropolitan zone for a citywide average of approximately 1,000 mm. Cali’s average temperature is 24°C (74°F) with an average low temperature of 19°C (66°F) and a high of 30°C (86°F). Due to its proximity to the equator there are no major seasonal variations. However, locals refer to the dry season as the city’s "summer" period and call the rainy season "winter." There are typically two rainy seasons: from April to May and from October to November. Regardless, rain can be expected to fall at any point during the year nourishing the city’s permanent green and lush vegetation.

Geography and climate
Location
Cali is located on the Cauca Valley to the west of the Cauca River and to the east of the Western Mountain Range near the hills known as Farallones de Cali. The city rests approximately 1,000 meters (3,280 ft.) above sea level and its topography is fairly flat. Approximately 100 km west of Cali and over the Western Cordillera, lies the port city of Buenaventura on the Colombian Pacific coast; to the northeast are the industrial town of Yumbo and the city of Palmira, where Cali’s international airport, the Alfonso Bonilla Aragón (CLO), is located; the colonial city of Popayán is two hours south by car in the Cauca department.

Geography
Santiago de Cali is located in a valley. The city is completely bordered by mountains to the West, Los farallones are the closest to the city. The Eastern part of the city is bordered by the Cauca river, North and South both are extended plains, in the first one you can find the industrial city of Yumbo part of Cali’s metropolitan area, to the south you can find Jamundi, also part of the metropolitan area. The city is mainly plain, but there are zones mostly at West that are Mountainous, there are also some elevations practically inside the city; like San Antonio and La loma de la Cruz, both are tourist sites. There are Several rivers that descend from the Western Mountain Range and empty into the Cauca River those rivers pass through the metropolitan area of Cali. In the western part of the city the Aguacatal River flows into the Cali River, which continues on to the Cauca River.

Tourism
Historic district
Santiago de Cali offers historical areas with cultural variety and other attractions. In downtown Cali, you can find many historical churches like La Merced and La Ermita. Cali contains a well preserved Historical center, the most important zone is La plaza de Caycedo, considered the center of the city, which is a square surrounded by many historical and modern buildings like El edificio Otero, La Catedral and El Palacio de Justicia; This plaza is very close to other touristic places, like The Saint Francis church (in Spanish, Iglesia de San Francisco), the

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Cali

San Fernando Saint Francis’ square municipal theater and La Merced church. The city is also very rich in monuments, parks, squares and museums, the most emblematic sculptures are Cristo Rey with 42 meters, located upon a mountain range; Sebastian de Belalcazar, founder of the city and Las tres Cruces, a place of pilgrimage during the days of the Holy Week.

Regular tourism
San Antonio church

Ermita church There is a variety of nightclubs and restaurants. In the city you can find whole districts dedicated to tourism, for example Granada, one of the most traditional districts in Cali, full of gourmet restaurants, fashion stores and boutiques. Another spot to visit is along "La sexta" or the 6th street. Many types of nightclubs are there, as are restaurants and hotels. This area is usually called the "zona rosa" or pink zone, and is located in the north very close to Chipichape mall. In the recent Plaza de Cayzedo (Cayzedo Square) years, the restaurant industry has boomed, ranking Cali very close to Bogota in firstclass restaurant options. Main touristic centers: • It was a tradition in early Colombian towns to create a ’central’ square in honor of the town’s hero; which in most cases turned to be El Libertador Simon Bolivar. Cali’s hero was Joaquin de Cayzedo y

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Cuero, a fighter for the republic. In the earlier town’s years, everything turned around what in 1813 would be called the Cayzedo Square. Located in the San Fernando neighborhood, this is one of the most popular zones in the city, full of restaurants and bars. Whether you want to party or just to have a nice diner, you will find where to pass nice moments. The park actually has a dog’s monument in its center. Is the most visited and popular monument in the city, here you can find regional foods like "Mazorca asada," a roasted corn. The monument is famous due to its pointing finger to a part of the city, while its face is looking to another direction. The position meant to be as the conquistador leading his partners. One of the most peaceful zones in the city, the river is located in the west and is surrounded by restaurants, hotels and museums like "La Tertulia," an art museum. A religious monument located on a hill that offers the best view of the city. It is the most traditional neighborhood of Cali. In the colonial age, it was the extension of the downtown. Although it was split off by ’La calle Quinta’ (Fifth street), it conserves its traditional aura which makes a inevitable step on the visit. All the neighborhood is on a hill, and at the top you will find the San Antonio Park, the icing on the cake! Guaranteed. : Although many would prefer to keep it away of the list, Juanchito has made fame. This zone of Cali (which actually belongs to another municipality) might have had the largest number of discotheques and clubs of the country. It all started on the sixties, when Salsa start winning caleños hearts. Some did not like the idea of insinuating dances, but for the majority it became a cult. And Juanchito their temple. To get there, caleños must pass a bridge over the Cauca river. A simple action that has been immortalized by the music, Salsa of course. : Ranked in top 5 of Latin American zoos. It has became most than a place where to show animals, it makes research and has some formations. Its location could not be more wonderful, alongside the Cali river,

Cali
just where valley and mountains get together. • : A part of the city seats on hills belonging to the Colombian western chain mountain. Beyond these hills there is a full new world, which is protected by the Colombian government. It is the Farallones de Cali national park. Although Caleños have not yet fully discovered it, in the recent years it has boomed as a touristic destination for a full range of different people; adventurists to escalate, walk, paragliding; naturists for its natural and life environments; or simply for those looking for ’cold’ weather minutes away of urban areas. Just walking could not mean a lot, but calenos love doing it in the late afternoon. After 4PM, when heat goes down, breeze starts. It comes from the neighboring mountains, and refreshes souls and bodies. It is normal in Cali to think of a shopping mall as a touristic place. Most of them are built like urban boulevards, with open-air walking corridors that look like a ’Main Street’ side walk. With large facilities providing full amenities, Caleños love just talking walks in them, enjoying the fact that everything is at their hands. The most traditional malls are Unicentro at south and Chipichape at North; both built in the openair style. Others of this type are Palmetto Plaza, Jardin Plaza and Cosmocentro. Other malls in Cali are Centenario, Unico and La14. Tens of smaller malls are spread all over the city. Certainly, bargains will not be found on most of these malls. Downtown’s 13th, 14th and 15th streets are the bargains’ hub of the city. In the ’San Andresito’ or ’Pasaje Cali’ malls (or any of that kind in the area) you can buy thousands of inexpensive China-made products. Although street-selling is illegal, the practice is widespread in the area in such a massive volume that police is unable to control it. Be aware of peddlers.

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Partying
There are some very well known partying spots in the city. Granada, Parque del Perro, 6th and 8th street north, Juanchito are just a sample of them. The reasons people do like partying in Cali are multiple; its variety of rhythms (Techno, Tropical, Rock, Lounge, Jazz?), its women (considered among the most beautiful in Colombia, and very high

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ranked in the world), its weather, and its relatively inexpensiveness. Add to this that they do know and do love shaking it, that they are very uncomplicated people and there is a recipe for partying. There are some restrictions for partying. Although constantly changing, there is a time limit for clubs, bars and discotheques to stay open to. As of 2009, the limit is 3 AM. Minors will get the entrance refused, even if accompanied of an adult. Driving under the influence of alcohol is illegal in Colombia. The Colombian National Police establishes police posts in strategical streets to prevent driving under influences. The best way to go out partying is in taxi-cabs, which are inexpensive and secure.

Cali
Palmira", that in the last few years has been upgraded to make it a more accessible airport to Cali and the surrounding city centers in the region. The airport has also has been remodeled recently, some of the last significant events in those terms were the inauguration of the VIP room in the National terminal and the installation of a main electronic screen in the center of the check-in area. As for any international airport, you can find different services and facilities : • Car rental : Hertz, Thrifty, and other national companies. • Hotel • Restaurants, Coffees and bars : Some typical of Cali and Colombia • Handicrafts stores • Duty Free-Paid • Travel Agencies • Financial services (Locals) and Currency exchanges • Telecommunication services There is a military airport close to the city’s downtown. The Marco Fidel Suarez Military Air Base is located in the east side of the city and belongs to the Colombian Air Force. It is used as one of the main training centers for the country’s Fighter pilots.

Medical Tourism
According to recent Lonely Planet[7] guides of Colombia, Cali has recently become famous for being a prime destination for people seeking cheap cosmetic surgery. Cali’s surgeons are famous in Colombia to have shaped some of the country’s most beautiful women. There have been no significant reports of problems in this area, but Lonely Planet advises proper research before pursuing such an idea.

Transportation
Airports

Public transportation

International Flights serving Cali Santiago de Cali is served by Alfonso Bonilla Aragón International Airport (IATA: CLO, ICAO: SKCL), located in the City of Palmira. It is Colombia’s second largest airport in terms of passengers transporting (2,171,551 in 2006) and 4th in cargo. Alfonso Bonilla Aragón is located in a long, narrow valley that runs from north to south, and is surrounded by mountains up to 14,000 feet (4,000 m) high. The airport is connected to the city by a highway known as the "recta a

Bus Padron

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Cali
• Transversal 25 • Carrera 29 y Autopista Oriental • Calle 70 More information about El MIO, in the official web site of Metrocali.

Bus Central Station
Cali is served by over 20 coach companies[8] which gather in the Bus Central Station. The Station is centrally located nearby to the oldidle train station, which serves now as Metrocali’s headquarters. Depending on the company and the destination, the vehicles range from minibuses to large coaches. Recently, in their last float renovation wave, Colombian coaches operators have opted for Brazil’s Marcopolo buses. Informal stops exists for the short destination rides all alongside the way from Central Station to the town of destination. In some cases, is enough for a passenger asking to get off the bus for the bus to stop.

Masivo Integrado de Occidente(MIO) The city of Cali offers a variety of ways to move through the city; in March 2009, The Masivo Integrado de Occidente (MIO) began operations. It is the primarily system that connects the city. Taxis and buses make up the secondary way to get around. Taxis are one of the best system that tourists can use, as they are relatively inexpensive and are the most secure of the two. Non-MIO buses round-out the system and are used primarily by the working class to get around and are the least expensive to use. Buses are secure but not at the same level as taxis. This part of the transport in the city is waiting a needed reorganization of routes. Masivo Integrado de Occidente (MIO): A massive transit system; M.I.O is based on the transportation model that consist in the use of articulated buses that runs through dedicated bus lanes running down the middle of major thoroughfares. MIO bus stations are locate in the middle of the thoroughfare, and are connected with sidewalks by dedicated pedestrian crossings or bridges. The system layout is 243 kilometers and is distributed in a main trunk, pre-trunk and complementary corridors. The system also integrated the renovation and recuperation of the public space. The MIO system was not only designed for the public transport, but built for public use with extensive new sidewalks, parks, gardens and public squares for the public to enjoy. List of the Trunk or principal corridors: • Calle 5 • Carrera 15 • Calles 13 y 15 • Avenida de las Américas • Avenida 3N • Carrera 1

Driving directions
• Bogota-Cali : Distance between Cali and Bogota is about 440 kms[9]. From Bogota you must take route 40 South. This route passes through Melgar, Girardot, Ibague, and Armenia. About 50 kms after have passed Armenia, take the Route 25 South for another 120 kms. (Takes about 22 hours). • Cali-Medellin : Distance between Cali and Medellin is about 460 kms[10]. From Cali you must take Route 25 North. This Route passes through Palmira, Tulua, Buga and Cartago in the department of Valle del Cauca. And through La Pintada and Itagui in the department of Antioquia. • Cali-Quito : Distance between Cali and Quito is about 600kms. From Cali you must take Colombian National Route 25 South. This route passes through Popayan, Pasto and Ipiales, which is the border city in the Colombian side. In Tulcan (border city in Ecuador) you start Ecuadorean Route 35 South. You drive about 190 kms before reaching Ecuadorean Route 28 West. Route 25 is the main North-South route in Colombia, so for other destinations further than Medellin or Bogota, you certainly must pass through this cities. With the exception of Buenaventura, for most destinations in the

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department of Valle del Cauca you must take this route as well.

Cali
Industrial development is remarkable for a regional economy; the north of the city is the most industrialized district. The city of Yumbo, located on the northern limit of the city is a major industrial hub for many corporations, like Colombia’s beverage producer Postobón S.A. and Bavaria brewery. Economy 2006-2007 Today the city’s economy is rising at a faster pace. The construction industry is the perfect example of such a rising as there are many residential developments booming all over the city. Moreover, commercial development is also on the rise; nowadays there are many commercial-centers or "malls" and shopping centers at the construction stage, and most of the ones already built are expanding or remodeling their existing locations.

Economy

Crime
Crime is a serious problem in Cali. As of 2006, there were 1,540 intentional homicides in the city and 1,726 overall when including the metropolitan area. The rates for the city and metropolitan area were 62 and 63 per 100,000 respectively. Although still high, crime rates, and the homicide rate in particular, are declining.[11][12]

Politics
Banco de Occidente Cali and the department (province) of Valle del Cauca conform one of the principal commercial centers in Colombia. The city is a national and international point of exchange. Cali has a privileged geographical location due to its proximity to Buenaventura port city which is the Colombian main. The city’s economy is marked by its history which is reflected in the many sugar plantations of the area, which are part of the legacy of the haciendas culture (estates culture). Since 1940, Valle del Cauca’s PIB has grown at twice the average rate of the country, according to DANE statistics. In 1997 the regional PIB growth rate slowed, not even reaching 1%. In 1999 countrywide recession affected specially the regional economy, and PIB decreased -4% annually. Since then the economy has behaved erratically.

Concejo de Cali (City council) Cali is governed by a mayor who is elected for a four-year term. Under the mayor, there are several administrative departments and secretaries. Mayor’s elections started in 1986, followed by Governors’ in 1992. Before these dates, all Colombian regional executive-branch leaders were appointed by the President himself. The first elected mayor was Carlos Holmes Trujillo of the Liberal

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Elected Mayors of Cali Mayor Carlos Holmes Trujillo García Germán Villegas Villegas Rodrigo Guerrero Velasco Mauricio Guzmán Cuevas Julio César Martínez Payán Ricardo H. Cobo Lloreda John Maro Rodríguez Flórez Apolinar Salcedo Caicedo Sabas Ramiro Tafur Reyes Jorge Iván Ospina Gómez Party. Unlike other Colombian cities, Cali has not properly adapted to the quite new Mayor’s election system. The city has had some unsuccessful stories with some of its elected mayors, two of them being removed of the office. Some argue this is caused by Aguablanca’s huge mass population often driven to vote based in small short-termed gifts from populists candidates fully aware of this District needs. There were recorded cases of candidates giving bricks, cement and other stuff to the District’s leaders in exchange of shifting votes to their campaigns. The City Council is composed by 21 members, elected by citywide circumscription for four year terms. There is no relation between the number of City Counselors and the number of ’comunas’ of the city, which is a merely administrative division created to facilitate city’s management. Cali has some decentralized agencies; the most important being : • : Energy, telecommunications, aqueduct and sewage systems services. http://www.emcali.com.co/vsmPC/ index.php • : Public waste management company for the city of Cali. http://www.emsirva.com.co/ • : http://www.metrocali.gov.co/ • : http://www.calisalud.gov.co/inicio/ index.php • : http://www.cali.gov.co/Corfecali.php • : http://www.cali.gov.co/Emru.php Started January 1988 January 1990 January 1992 January 1995 August 1997 January 1998 January 2001 January 2004 May 2007 January 2008 Ended January 1990 January 1992 December 1994 August 1997 December 1997 December 2000 December 2003 May 2007 December 2007 December 2011

Cali

Santiago de Cali. Jorge Ivan Ospina, Francisco Lloreda, Bruno Diaz, Diego Luis Hurtado and Jorge Portocarrero were running for the Office. Jorge Ivan Ospina (Left wing running as Independent) was elected Mayor for the 2008-2011 term with 49.05% of votes, followed by Francisco Lloreda (Conservative running as Independent) with 39.02%. Mr Lloreda was at his third attempt to become Mayor of the city, being defeated every time.

Education
A large part of the population relies on the public educational system, which is underfunded and in some cases improperly managed. Schools are under municipal or departmental management, the former being the most common. The Municipal Secretary of Education manages a large part of the city’s budget, which has brought some politicians to try to control it as their personal organization.

Universities

University of Valle • (Public) It is the largest higher education institution by student population in the southwest of the country, and the third in Colombia, with more than 30,320 students.[13][14]. Its Faculties of Medicine,

2007 Elections
The 2007 elections took place on October 28, 2007 to replace Ramiro Reyes as mayor of

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Engineering, Sciences, and Social Sciences rank as the best of the region. The three first do rank at the top in a national level. Unlike every other Colombian public university, Univalle does not have a Law School. (Private) Founded in 1975, this private institution has more than 7 400 students. (Private) Founded in 1970, is a private institution with more than 5 200 stundents. Has a mayor library with more than 36 000 books printed. (Private) Founded in 1979 by regionaleconomic leaders specially aware of the lack of highly-skilled people in some areas relevant for their business. It offers undergraduates programs, specialization and masters. Has more than 2 950 students and a library with more than 30 000 books. On the 2nd semester of 2009, the university will start its awaited Medicine School, which will use the Valle del Lily Health Center as its training and educational facility. Universidad San Buenaventura (Private)

Cali

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Cultural center

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• • (Private) • Corporación Universitaria Centro Superior (Private) La Manzana del Saber Is today the most important educational project in cali, is located in south cali. There is already a Science Museum and a public library, the project is going to build a new museum called "Abrakadabra" and a investigation center. The project is in construction phase, the demolition of a whole block of the city will be undertaken to build the complex. You can find more information about this project at www.cali.gov.co. (Spanish)

Cali at night

Museums
• • • • • Museo Arqueologico de la Universidad del Valle • • Museo Nacional del Transporte • Museo de Arte Religioso
[15]

Arts and culture
Cultural centers
• Since 1871 this house has been a great influence in the culture in cali. The building was restored on 1991 and it contains exhibition saloons, scenarios and a cinema. • Since 1997 it is considered the cultural center in the city and headquarters of the Municipal secretaries of truism and culture.

Feria de Cali (The Cali Fair)
"La Feria de Cali" is the main cultural event in the city. It is a fair that has been celebrated since 1957. The fair is celebrated from December 25 to December 30. The fair is know also as the "Feria de la Caña" (sugar cane fair) and "Feria de la salsa" (Salsa fair). People enjoy many activities like an opening cabalgata (parade of horseback riders), tascas, salsa concerts, bullfights, parades, athletic activities and competitions and cultural exhibitions.

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Cali is also known as the "Capital de la Salsa" given the city’s infatuation with that type of Afro-Caribbean music. In early July there is the Summer Salsa Festival which lasts for one week. It usually includes concerts by some of the world’s great salsa bands as well as dance shows and "melomano" competitions in which salsa connoisseurs try to out do each other by digging deep into the archives of salsa music and related sounds to find and reveal long lost tunes. [16] Rio Cali race Cali has two main athletic events, a midyear half marathon [9] and a December 10k race called Carrera del Río Cali.

Cali

Sports
At a professional level, Cali hosts just soccer teams. At the amateur level there are Basketball, Baseball, indoor soccer, Volleyball, and other sports. Nationally, Cali’s athletes compete with Bogota’s and Medellin’s in most sport tournaments and championships.

Colombia’s sports capital city

The city of Santiago de Cali is recognized as the sports capital of Colombia. It is the first Colombian city to have hosted the Pan American Games 1971 Pan Am Games, and because this region has won the National Olympic Games more than any other region in Colombia. The city also counts with one of the most developed sport infrastructures in the country, many sporting events have taken place in the city. Cali has two soccer stadiums; Estadio Olímpico Pascual Guerrero and Estadio del Deportivo Cali. Estadio Olímpico Pascual Guerrero is currently home of both Deportivo Cali and America de Cali, since Estadio Deportivo Cali is still under construction. Deportivo Cali is the only football (soccer) team owner of a stadium in Colombia since all of the other football stadiums are owned by the government, other important scenario in the city is "El pueblo Arena" is a covered arena center use for all type of events, the main use is basketball.

Infrastructure
Cali’s infrastructure has permitted it to host several major international sports competitions such as the 1971 Pan American Games, numerous Games of the Pacific, the final phase of the 1982 World basketball championship, the 1999 World’s Roller Hockey Championships, women’s basketball and swimming events, Pan American Speed-Track Cycling Championships, and most recently the World’s Roller Speed Skating Championships. • Pascual Guerrero Olímpic stadium • El Pueblo Arena • Polideportivo de El Vallado • Unidad Deportiva Panamericana • Velódromo Alcides Nieto Patiño • Gimnasio Evangelista Mora • Patinódromo Los Diputados • Estadio del Deportivo Cali

Football (soccer) Stadium, Pascual Guerrero

Bullring Cañaveralejo, The Pueblo Arena, and other sports scenarios

Football (soccer)
Santiago de Cali is home of Colombia’s Deportivo Cali and America de Cali soccer clubs. Many well-known football players were either born in Cali or have played in one of

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
its clubs. Wellington Ortiz, Carlos (El Pibe) Valderrama, Anthony (El Pipa) de Avila, Alex Escobar, Julio Cesar Falcioni, Jorge da Silva, Jorge Bermudez, Giovanny Hernandez, Hugo Rodallega, Mario Yepes, Faryd Mondragon, Adolfo (el tren) Valencia, and Oscar Cordoba are a sample of them. According to Conmebol, America ranks 2nd and Deportivo Cali 3rd[17] in the Colombian national ranking, which ranks itself 3rd in the Conmebol ranking. America was ranked as the world’s 2nd best club in 1996 by the IFFHS (International Federation of Football History & Statistics)[18] and 35th in the AllTime Club World Ranking of the IFFHS [19]. Cali is the Colombian city having hosted the most Colombian first division finals, with 40 matches being played in the stadium. America has won 13 titles, and has been second on 7 occasions. Deportivo Cali has won 8 titles, second in 11 occasions. They have played final against each other three times. In the early 50’s, now second-division city’s team Boca Juniors lost two finals.

Cali

Western Cali, looking Pacual Guerrero Cristo Rey Hill stadium and surrounding area

Cali river

Skyline picture taken from Cristo Rey Hill

Basketball and Bullfighting
Though there is no current basketball team that calls Santiago de Cali home, basketball is the second-most played sport in the city. Basketball is a preferred sport at the city center location "La Carrera del Cholado". Futbol (soccer) still surpasses basketball in sport popularity. Bullfighting is staged during the Cali Fair which is held in December. It is anticipated by many citizens in Cali, as well as all Colombia. The bullfighting ring is called La Plaza de Toros de Cañaveralejo, located southwest of Cali. Sky view of Southern Cali

Sister Cities
• Palos de la Frontera, Spain View of Northern Cali

Other views
Tres Cruces Hill

References
[1] Mendoza Neira, Plinio, ed. Cali: La sultana del Valle (Librería Colombiana Camacho Roldán, 1962). [2] Zawadzky C., Alfonso, Comentario al Downtown libro Las Ciudades Confederadas del Valle del Cauca en 1811. Bogota, Editorial Librería Voluntad, S.A., 1943. [3] [1] Cali, la explosión de 1956: catástrofe histórica

San Fernando’s church interior

(Library) Biblioteca departamental Jorge Garcés Borrero

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
[4] [2] El País - Cali recuerda la explosión del 7 de agosto [5] [3] This Day in History: Mysterious Explosions in Columbia [6] www.ideam.gov.co [7] [4] [8] Bus Station website. List of operating companies (Spanish) [9] Logired website [10] Logired website [11] http://www.cali.gov.co/ noticias.php?id=15093 [12] "Observatorio del Delito Estratega para el control de la violencia urbana" (in Spanish). Universidad del Valle. http://www.elpais.com.co/paisonline/ especiales/dialogos/docs/rafael.ppt. Retrieved on 2006-07-08. [13] "Universidad del Valle en cifras Semestre II, 2008" (in Spanish). http://planeacion.univalle.edu.co/ a_gestioninformacion/univalle_cifras/uvcifras_2008-II_v0.pdf. Retrieved on 2009-03-03. [14] "Estudio comparativo de cuatro Universidades Públicas Colombianas" (in Spanish). http://paginasweb.univalle.edu.co/ ~planeacion/a_gestioninformacion/sue/ SUE_2007_UNIPUB_2003-2006.pdf. Retrieved on 2009-02-21. [15] [5]Cali’s Museums guide [16] [6] Cali fair Guide [17] [7] [18] International Federation of football History and Statistics IFFHS [19] All-Time Club world Ranking of the IFFHS

Cali

External links
(The following links are all in Spanish language) • Alcaldia de Santiago de Cali • Gobernación del Valle del Cauca • Universidad del Valle • Universidad Santiago de Cali • Universidad San Buenaventura • Universidad Autónoma de Occidente • Universidad ICESI • Pontificia Universidad Javeriana - Cali • El País newspaper • Occidente free newspaper • Armatedeplan.com - Todos los eventos en Cali • (PDF) - 2005 Census data

Pictures
• Citi’s group on Facebook (Large amount of pictures of Cali) • City’s pictures on Flickr (Copyrighted)

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cali" Categories: Cities, towns and villages in the Valle del Cauca Department, Municipalities of Valle del Cauca, Settlements established in 1536, Visitor attractions in Cali This page was last modified on 23 May 2009, at 14:02 (UTC). All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License. (See Copyrights for details.) Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a U.S. registered 501(c)(3) taxdeductible nonprofit charity. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers

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