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Arlington National Cemetery

Arlington National Cemetery
Arlington National Cemetery

The gravestones at Arlington National Cemetery are graced by U.S. flags each Memorial Day. Cemetery Details Year established: Country: Location: Coordinates: June 15, 1864 United States Arlington, Virginia 38°52′45″N 77°04′08″W / 38.879074°N 77.069006°W / 38.879074; -77.069006Coordinates: 38°52′45″N 77°04′08″W / 38.879074°N 77.069006°W / 38.879074; -77.069006 Public United States Department of Veterans Affairs 624 acres (3 km2)) 300,001 Official Site Findagrave

Tombstones at Arlington National Cemetery.

Type: Owned by: Size: Number of gravesites: Website: Find A Grave:

The Memorial Drive leads from the Lincoln Memorial, across the Potomac River, to the entrance to Arlington National Cemetery, and the portico of Arlington House is visible at top. War on the grounds of Arlington House, formerly the estate of the family of Robert E. Lee’s wife Mary Anna (Custis) Lee, a

Arlington National Cemetery, in Arlington, Virginia is a military cemetery in the United States, established during the American Civil

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descendant of Martha Washington. The cemetery is situated directly across the Potomac River from Washington, D.C. and near The Pentagon. It is served by the Arlington Cemetery station on the Blue Line of the Washington Metro system. More than 300,000 people are buried in an area of 624 acres (2.53 km2). Veterans and military casualties from every one of the nation’s wars are interred in the cemetery, from the American Revolution through the military actions in Afghanistan and Iraq. PreCivil War dead were reinterred after 1900. Arlington shares with Mill Springs National Cemetery, the only other open cemetery in the system, the distinction of being the oldest military burial ground in the United States. The first soldier to be buried in Arlington was Private William Henry Christman of Pennsylvania on May 13, 1864.[1] Arlington National Cemetery and United States Soldiers’ and Airmen’s Home National Cemetery are administered by the Department of the Army. The other National Cemeteries are administered by the Department of Veterans Affairs or by the National Park Service. Arlington House (Custis-Lee Mansion) and its grounds are administered by the National Park Service as a memorial to Lee.

Arlington National Cemetery

Plan and roadways of Arlington National Cemetery. established himself as an able commander, defeating a series of Union generals, until his final defeat and surrender at Appomattox Court House. Because of this decision and subsequent performance, Lee was regarded as disloyal by most Union officers. The decision was made to appropriate his farm as a graveyard for mostly Union dead.[3] On May 30, 1968, the first national ceremony for Memorial Day took place in Arlington Nation Cemetery by the President Lyndon B. Johnson.

History
"The grounds about the mansion, We pray for those who lost their lives.", Meigs wrote, "are admirably adapted to such a use." Burials had in fact begun at Arlington before the ink was even blotted on Meigs’s proposal. Custis Lee, heir to the property, sued the government claiming ownership of the land. After the Supreme Court ruled in Lee’s favor,Congress returned the land to him, and then a year later he sold it back to them for $150,000 Before the Civil War, Robert E. Lee had been a West Point graduate and a United States Army officer. When Fort Sumter was forced to surrender, President Abraham Lincoln offered Lee the command of the Federal army. Lee demurred, because he wanted to see how Virginia would decide. When Virginia announced its secession, Lee resigned his commission and took command of the armed forces of the state of Virginia, and later became commander of the Army of Northern Virginia.[2] He quickly

Burial criteria
Today
Part 553 of Title 32 of the Code of Federal Regulations establishes regulations for Arlington National Cemetery, including eligibility for interment (ground burial) and inurnment (columbarium). 32 C.F.R. 553 Eligibility for burial differs from eligibility for inurnment in the columbarium at Arlington National Cemetery. Due to limited space, ground burial eligibility criteria are much more restrictive than other National Cemeteries, as

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Arlington National Cemetery
and recognized as such by the President of the United States. [5] The President of the United States or any former President of the United States. Any former member of the Armed Forces who served on active duty (other than for training) and who held any of the following positions: • An elective office of the U.S. Government (such as a term in Congress). • Office of the Chief Justice of the United States or of an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States. • An office listed, at the time the person held the position, in 5 USC 5312 or 5313 (Levels I and II of the Executive Schedule). • The chief of a mission who was at any time during his/her tenure classified in Class I under the provisions of Section 411, Act of 13 August 1946, 60 Stat. 1002, as amended (22 USC 866) or as listed in State Department memorandum dated March 21, 1988. Any former prisoner of war who, while a prisoner of war, served honorably in the active military, naval, or air service, whose last period of military, naval or air service terminated honorably and who died on or after November 30, 1993. The spouse, widow or widower, minor child, or permanently dependent child, and certain unmarried adult children of any of the above eligible veterans. The widow or widower of: • a member of the Armed Forces who was lost or buried at sea or fell out of a plane or officially determined to be missing in action. • a member of the Armed Forces who is interred in a US military cemetery overseas that is maintained by the American Battle Monuments Commission. • a member of the Armed Forces who is interred in Arlington National Cemetery as part of a group burial. The spouse, minor child, or permanently dependent child of any person already buried in Arlington National Cemetery. The parents of a minor child, or permanently dependent child whose remains, based on the eligibility of a parent, are already buried in ANC. A spouse divorced from the primary eligible,

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Hundreds of volunteers gathered at Arlington to place more than five thousand donated Christmas wreaths on head stones in the cemetery. The 14th annual wreath laying event is a result of Worcester Wreath Company owner Morrill Worcester’s boyhood dream of doing something to honor those laid to rest in the National Cemetery. well as more restrictive than inurnment in the columbarium. The persons specified below are eligible for ground burial in Arlington National Cemetery, unless otherwise prohibited.[4] The last period of active duty of former members of the Armed Forces must have ended honorably. Interment may be casketed or cremated remains. • Any active-duty member of the Armed Forces (except those members serving on active duty for training only). • Any veteran who is retired from service with the Armed Forces. • Any veteran who is retired from the Reserves is eligible upon reaching age 60 and drawing retired pay; and who served a period of active duty (other than for training). • Any former member of the Armed Forces separated honorably prior to October 1, 1949 for medical reasons and who was rated at 30% or greater disabled effective on the day of discharge. • Any former member of the Armed Forces who has been awarded one of the following decorations: • Medal of Honor • Distinguished Service Cross, Navy Cross or Air Force Cross • Distinguished Service Medal • Silver Star • Purple Heart • The Central Intelligence Agency’s (CIA) Intelligence Star which is considered the equivalent of the US Military’s Silver Star

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or widowed and remarried, is not eligible for interment. • Provided certain conditions are met, a former member of the Armed Forces may be buried in the same grave with a close relative who is already buried and is the primary eligible.

Arlington National Cemetery
The Tomb of the Unknowns at Arlington National Cemetery is also known as the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier. It stands on top of a hill overlooking Washington, D.C. One of the more popular sites at the Cemetery, the tomb is made from Yule marble quarried in Colorado. It consists of seven pieces, with a total weight of 79 short tons (72 metric tons). The tomb was completed and opened to the public April 9, 1932, at a cost of $48,000. It was initially named the "Tomb of the Unknown Soldier." Other unknown servicemen were later entombed there, and it became known as the "Tomb of the Unknowns", though it has never been officially named. The soldiers entombed there are: • Unknown Soldier of World War I, interred November 11, 1921. President Warren G. Harding presided. • Unknown Soldier of World War II, interred May 30, 1958. President Dwight D. Eisenhower presided. • Unknown Soldier of the Korean War, also interred May 30, 1958. President Dwight Eisenhower presided again, Vice President Richard Nixon acted as next of kin. • Unknown Soldier of the Vietnam War, interred May 28, 1984. President Ronald Reagan presided. The remains of the Vietnam Unknown were disinterred, under the authority of President Bill Clinton, on May 14, 1998, and were identified as those of Air Force 1st Lt. Michael J. Blassie, whose family had him reinterred near their home in St. Louis, Missouri. It has been determined that the crypt at the Tomb of the Unknowns that contained the remains of the Vietnam Unknown will remain empty. The Tomb of the Unknowns is perpetually guarded by the U.S. Army. The 3rd U.S. Infantry Regiment ("The Old Guard") began guarding the Tomb April 6, 1948.

Prohibitions Against Burial or Inurnment
Congress has from time to time created prohibited categories of persons that, even if otherwise eligible for burial, lose that eligibility. One such prohibition is against certain persons who are convicted of committing certain state or federal capital crimes, as defined in statute. See 38 U.S. Code § 2411. Capital crime is a specifically defined term in the statute, and for state offenses can include offenses that are eligible for a life sentence (with or without parole). The reasoning for this provision originally was to prevent Timothy McVeigh from being eligible at Arlington National Cemetery, but it has since been amended to prevent others.[6] Also prohibited under the same statute are those determined, with clear and convincing evidence, to have avoided such conviction by death or flight. See 38 U.S. Code § 2411. This provision was meant to deal with situations where eligible persons commit murder and then commit suicide or flee and avoid a conviction for that crime, which would mean they would not lose their eligibility like those that made it to trial and conviction.

Tomb of the Unknowns

Arlington Memorial Amphitheater
The Tomb of the Unknowns is part of the Arlington Memorial Amphitheater. The Memorial Amphitheater has hosted state funerals and Memorial Day and Veterans Day ceremonies. Ceremonies are also held for Easter. About 5,000 people attend these holiday ceremonies each year. The structure is mostly

The Tomb of the Unknowns.

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Arlington National Cemetery

Other notable sites
Other frequently visited sites in the cemetery are the USMC War Memorial (commonly known as the "Iwo Jima Memorial") and the Netherlands Carillon (these sites are actually located adjacent to the cemetery), and the grave of President John F. Kennedy. Kennedy is buried with his wife and two of their children. He was placed here March 14, 1967. His grave is marked with an eternal flame. His brother, Senator Robert F. Kennedy, is also buried nearby. The latter’s grave is marked by a simple cross.

Exterior facade of the Arlington Memorial Amphitheater is modeled on Roman amphitheatres. It is built of Vermont Imperial Danby marble in the Doric order. built of Imperial Danby marble from Vermont. The Memorial Display room, between the amphitheater and the Tomb of the Unknowns, uses Botticino stone, imported from Italy. The amphitheater was the result of a campaign by Ivory Kimball to construct a place to honor America’s soldiers. Congress authorized the structure March 4, 1913. Woodrow Wilson laid the cornerstone for the building on October 15, 1915. The cornerstone contained 15 items including a Bible and a copy of the Constitution. [1]

Eternal flame and marker at the grave of John F. Kennedy, 35th president of the United States. The federal government dedicated a model community for freed slaves, Freedman’s Village, near the current Memorial Amphitheater, December 4, 1863. More than 1,100 freed slaves were given land by the government, where they farmed and lived during and after the Civil War. They were turned out in 1890 when the estate was repurchased by the government and dedicated as a military installation. In Section 27, there are buried more than 3,800 former slaves, called "Contrabands" during the Civil War. Their headstones are designated with the word "Civilian" or "Citizen". Also, in the cemetery, there is a Confederate section with graves of soldiers of the Confederate States of America and a Confederate Memorial.[7] Near the Tomb of the Unknowns stands a memorial to the 266 men who lost their lives aboard the USS Maine. The memorial is built around a mast salvaged from the Maine’s wreckage.[8] (The Maine’s other mast is erected at the United States Naval Academy, making the Maine the "longest ship in the

Arlington National Cemetery Amphitheater Before the Arlington Memorial Amphitheater was completed in 1921, important ceremonies were held at what is now known as the "Old Amphitheater." This structure sits where Robert E. Lee once had his gardens. The amphitheater was built in 1868 under the direction of General John A. Logan. Gen. James Garfield was the featured speaker at the Decoration Day dedication ceremony, May 30, 1868. The amphitheater has an encircling colonnade with a latticed roof that once supported a web of vines. The amphitheater has a marble dais, known as "the rostrum", which is inscribed with the U.S. national motto found on the Great Seal of the United States, E pluribus unum ("Out of many, one"). The amphitheater seats 1,500 people and has hosted speakers such as William Jennings Bryan. [2]

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Arlington National Cemetery

Cenotaph memorial honoring the crew of the Space Shuttle Challenger. Remembering the Maine: The memorial to the USS Maine. Navy" in Naval Academy tradition.) The Maine Memorial has served as the temporary resting place for foreign heads of state allied with the United States who died in exile in the United States during World War II, pending the return of their remains to their homeland. These were Manuel L. Quezon of the Philippines and Ignacy Jan Paderewski of Poland. The Space Shuttle Challenger Memorial was dedicated on May 20, 1986 in memory of the crew of flight STS-51-L, who died during launch on January 28, 1986. Transcribed on the back of the stone is the text of the John Gillespie Magee, Jr. poem entitled High Flight. Although many remains were identified and returned to the families for private burial, some were not, and were laid to rest under the marker. Two of the crew members, Scobee and Smith, are buried in Arlington, as well. There is a similar memorial to those who died when the Shuttle Columbia broke apart during reentry on February 1, 2003, dedicated on the first anniversary of the disaster. Astronauts Laurel Clark, David Brown and Michael Anderson are also buried in Arlington. On a knoll just south of Arlington House, with views of the Washington Monument and Capitol, is a memorial to Pierre-Charles L’Enfant, the architect who laid out the city of Washington. His remains lie below a marble memorial incised with his plan for the city. L’Enfant envisioned a grand neoclassical capital city for the young republic that would rival the capitals of European monarchies. There are memorials to those killed in two acts of terrorist violence: • The Pentagon memorial, which takes the shape of the Pentagon, is the memorial to the 184 victims of the terrorist attack on the Pentagon on September 11, 2001. The memorial lists the names of all the victims that were killed. • The cairn, the Lockerbie memorial, which is the memorial to the 270 killed in the bombing of Pan Am Flight 103 over Lockerbie, Scotland. The memorial is made up of 270 stones, one for each person killed in the disaster (259 on the plane, 11 on the ground). The fact that 189 of the victims were Americans made

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Site Tomb of the Unknowns Arlington Memorial Amphitheater USMC War Memorial Netherlands Carillon John F. Kennedy Eternal Flame Robert F. Kennedy USS Maine Memorial Space Shuttle Challenger Memorial Coordinates

Arlington National Cemetery

38°52′35″N 77°04′20″W / 38.87638°N 77.07217°W / 38.87638; -77.07217 (Tomb of the Unknowns) 38°52′35″N 77°04′23″W / 38.8764°N 77.073°W / 38.8764; -77.073 (Arlington Memorial Amphitheater) 38°53′25.7″N 77°04′10.85″W / 38.890472°N 77.0696806°W / 38.890472; -77.0696806 (USMC War Memorial) 38°53′18″N 77°04′10″W / 38.8882°N 77.0695°W / 38.8882; -77.0695 (Netherlands Carillon) 38°52′54″N 77°04′17″W / 38.88153°N 77.07150°W / 38.88153; -77.07150 (John F. Kennedy Eternal Flame) 38°52′52″N 77°04′17″W / 38.88118°N 77.07150°W / 38.88118; -77.07150 (Robert F. Kennedy) 38°52′35″N 77°04′29″W / 38.8765°N 77.0747°W / 38.8765; -77.0747 (USS Maine Memorial) 38°52′36″N 77°04′26″W / 38.8767°N 77.074°W / 38.8767; -77.074 (Space Shuttle Challenger Memorial) between the John F. Kennedy Eternal Flame and the Tomb of the Unknowns.

the bombing the worst act of terrorist violence against Americans prior to 9/11. The noted composer, arranger, trombonist and Big Band leader Maj. Alton Glenn Miller of the U.S. Army Air Forces has been missing in action since December 15, 1944. Miller was eligible for a memorial headstone in Arlington National Cemetery as a service member who died on active duty whose remains were not recoverable. At his daughter’s request, a stone was placed in Memorial Section H, Number 464-A on Wilson Drive in Arlington National Cemetery in April 1992. There are only two mausoleums located within the confines of the Cemetery. One is for the family of General Nelson Appleton Miles located in Section 3 and the other one belongs to the family of General Thomas Crook Sullivan and it is located in Section 1. There is a Canadian Cross of Sacrifice with the names of all the citizens of the USA who lost their lives fighting in the Canadian forces during the Korean War and the two World Wars. The Women in Military Service for America Memorial can be found at the Ceremonial Entrance to Arlington National Cemetery. On May 15, 1997, after more than two decades of denying the existence of the "Secret War" in Laos during the Vietnam War conflict, the U.S. government officially acknowledged this once covert war, honoring its U.S. and Laos Hmong veterans with the opening of the Laos Memorial on the Arlington National Cemetery grounds, along a path

Burial procedures

Arlington House flag flying at half-mast. The flag is lowered during interments. The flags in Arlington National Cemetery are flown at half-mast from a half hour before the first funeral until a half hour after the last

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funeral each day. Funerals are normally conducted five days a week, excluding weekends.[9][10] Funerals, including interments and inurnments, average well over 20 per day. The Cemetery conducts approximately 6,400 burials each year. [3] With more than 300,000 people interred there, Arlington National Cemetery has the second-largest number of people buried of any national cemetery in the United States. The largest of the 130 national cemeteries is the Calverton National Cemetery, on Long Island, near Riverhead, New York, which conducts more than 7,000 burials each year. In addition to in-ground burial, Arlington National Cemetery also has one of the larger columbariums for cremated remains in the country. Four courts are currently in use, each with 5,000 niches. When construction is complete, there will be nine courts with a total of 50,000 niches; capacity for 100,000 remains. Any honorably discharged veteran is eligible for inurnment in the columbarium, if s/he served on active duty at some point in her/his career (other than for training). See 32 C.F.R. 553.15a

Arlington National Cemetery
supervisor and failed to act in an inappropriate (sic) manner."[12] Thurman Higginbotham, deputy director of the cemetery stated that Gray’s release from employment, "had nothing -- absolutely nothing to do with -- with media issues."[13] The US Army’s Secretary, Pete Geren, has asked his staff to look into Gray’s dismissal. Said Gray in response, "I am definitely encouraged by any investigation into the mismanagement at Arlington Cemetery."[14] The U.S. Army stated that it had not received any complaints about the newer, more restrictive policies concerning media coverage of funerals. But CNN reported that some families have complained about not being able to decide for themselves on the level of media access allowed.[15]

Notable burials

Media access controversy
Until 2005, the cemetery’s administration had given free access, with the surviving families permission, to the media to cover funerals at the cemetery. According to the Washington Post, over the past several years the cemetery has gradually imposed increasing restrictions on media coverage of funerals.[11] After protesting the new restrictions on media representatives, Gina Gray, the cemetery’s new public affairs director, was demoted and then fired on June 27, 2008, after only three months in the job. Days after Gray began working for the cemetery and soon after she had spoken to the media about the new restrictions, her supervisor, Phyllis White, began requiring Gray to notify White whenever she "left the building." On June 9, White changed Gray’s title from Public Affairs Director to "Public Affairs Officer." A few days later, when Gray took sick leave, White disconnected Gray’s email BlackBerry. In the termination memo, White stated that Gray had, "been disrespectful to me as your

Respectful silence is requested at Arlington.

Military burials
• Creighton Abrams (1914-1974), United States Army General who commanded

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U.S. military operations in the Vietnam War from 1968-1972 "Hap" Arnold (1886-1950), first General of the Air Force Gordon Beecher (1904-1973), United States Navy Vice Admiral and composer Jeremy Michael Boorda (1939-1996), US Navy Admiral and Chief of Naval Operations Gregory "Pappy" Boyington (1912-1988), World War II Marine Corps fighter ace, Medal of Honor recipient, and commander of VMF-214, the "Black Sheep Squadron" (basis for the 1970s TV series Baa Baa Black Sheep) Omar N. Bradley (1893-1981), commanded the 12th Army Group in Europe during World War II, first Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Ruby G. Bradley (1907-2002), Colonel and, with 34 medals, one of the most decorated women in U.S. military history Miles Browning (1897-1954), World War I and World War II Navy officer and hero of the Battle of Midway Omar Bundy (1861-1940), World War I Major General who commanded the 1st Brigade, 1st Expeditionary Division in France, awarded the French Legion of Honor and the Croix de Guerre. Roger Chaffee (1935-1967) and Gus Grissom (1926-1967), astronauts killed in the Apollo 1 fire (Edward White was buried at West Point) Claire Lee Chennault (1893–1958), was a United States military aviator who commanded the "Flying Tigers" during World War II. Bertram Tracy Clayton (1862-1918), Congressman from New York, killed in action in 1918 Louis Cukela (1888-1956), Marine Corps Major, awarded two Medals of Honor for same act in World War I Jane Delano (1862-1919), Director, Army Nursing Corps Sir John Dill (1881-1944) United Kingdom, British Diplomat and Field Marshal William J. Donovan (1883-1959), Major General and Chief of the OSS during World War II Abner Doubleday (1819-1893), Civil War general erroneously credited with inventing baseball

Arlington National Cemetery
• Clarence Ransom Edwards (1860-1931), commanded the 26th "Yankee" Division in World War I • Frank J. Fletcher (1885-1973), Admiral, U.S. Navy, World War II; operational commander at Coral Sea and Midway; awarded Medal of Honor. • Nathan Bedford Forrest III (1905-1943) Brigadier General of the United States Army Air Forces, and a great-grandson of Confederate General Nathan Bedford Forrest. First American general to be killed in action during World War II • Rene Gagnon, Ira Hayes and Michael Strank: three of the six servicemen immortalized in Joe Rosenthal’s iconic photo Raising the Flag on Iwo Jima (Strank was killed in action just days after the photo was taken) • John Gibbon (1827-1896), Brigadier General, Union Army, Civil War, most notably commander of 2nd Division, US II Corps that repelled Pickett’s Charge at the Battle of Gettysburg. • David Haskell Hackworth (1930–2005), Colonel and most decorated American soldier • William "Bull" Halsey (1882-1959), World War II Navy five-star Fleet Admiral • Kara Spears Hultgreen (1965–1994), the first female naval carrier-based fighter pilot • James Jabara (1923-1966), the first American jet ace in history. He’s credited with shooting down 15 enemy aircraft during aerial combat. • Daniel "Chappie" James, Jr. (1920-1978), USAF, first African American four-star General in the U.S. Armed Forces • Philip Kearny (1815-1862), "fearless" onearmed cavalry general killed at Chantilly during the Civil War • Włodzimierz B. Krzyżanowski (1824-1887), Polish military leader and Civil War Union general • Mark Matthews (1894-2005), last surviving Buffalo Soldier • Francis Lupo (1895-1918), Private killed in France during World War I; holds the distinction of possibly being the longest U.S. service member missing in action to be found (1918-2003) • David McCampbell (1910-1996), Captain, the US Navy’s top World War II Ace with 34 kills

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• Montgomery Cunningham Meigs (1816-1892), Brigadier General. Arlington National Cemetery was established by Brig. Gen. Montgomery C. Meigs, who commanded the garrison at Arlington House and appropriated the grounds on June 15, 1864 for use as a military cemetery. His intention was to render the house uninhabitable should the Lee family ever attempt to return. A stone and masonry burial vault in the rose garden, 20 feet (6.1 m) wide and 10 feet (3.0 m) deep, and containing the remains of 2,111 Civil War dead, was among the first monuments to Union dead erected under Meigs’ orders. Meigs himself was later buried within 100 yards (91 m) of Arlington House with his wife, father and son. • Glenn Miller (1904-1944), Major and well known band leader who disappeared over the English Channel while flying to Paris. His body was never found, but he has a memorial headstone. • Audie Murphy (1924-1971), U.S. Army, America’s most decorated combat soldier of World War II and popular movie actor • George S. Patton IV (1923-2004), Major General of the Army and son of famed WWII General, George S. Patton • John J. Pershing (1860-1948), America’s first General of the Armies, commanded American forces in World War I • David Dixon Porter (1813-1891), Admiral, Union Navy, Civil War, most notable as the Union naval commander during the Vicksburg Campaign, a turning point of the war which split the Confederacy in two. • Francis Gary Powers (1929-1977), American U-2 pilot shot down over the Soviet Union in 1960 • John Aaron Rawlins (1831-1869), Civil War general, chief of staff and later Secretary of War to Ulysses S. Grant • Alfred C. Richmond (1902-1984), Commandant of the United States Coast Guard • Hyman G. Rickover (1900-1986), father of the Nuclear Navy • Matthew Ridgway (1895-1993), WWII and Korea General, Chief of Staff of the Army • William S. Rosecrans (1819-1898), Major General, Army of the Cumberland, Union Army, Civil War

Arlington National Cemetery
• Thomas Selfridge (1882-1908), First Lieutenant in the U.S. Army and the first person to die in a crash of a powered airplane • Philip Sheridan (1831-1888), commanding general, Union Army, Civil War • Daniel E. Sickles (1819-1914), Major General, III Corps, Army of the Potomac, Union Army, Civil War. Also served as U.S. Minister to Spain and as U.S. Representative from New York • Walter Bedell Smith (1895-1961), General, U.S. Army, World War II, Dwight D. Eisenhower’s Chief of Staff during Eisenhower’s tenure at SHAEF and Director of the CIA from 1950 to 1953. Also served as U.S. Ambassador to the Soviet Union from 1946 to 1948. • Larry Thorne (1919-1965) Finland, Finnish soldier who served in the US special forces and was a World War II veteran; called "soldier who fought under three flags (Finland, Germany and USA)" • Matt Urban (1919-1995), Colonel, U.S Army, most highly decorated soldier for valor in the history of the US Military • Jonathan Mayhew Wainwright IV (1883-1953), Major General, hero of Bataan and Corregidor; highest ranking POW in World War II • Robert Webb (1922-2002), B-17 Flying Fortress pilot • Joseph Wheeler (1836–1906), served as a Major General for two opposing forces: the Confederate Army during the Civil War, and the U.S. Army during the Spanish-American War and PhilippineAmerican War • Orde Charles Wingate (1903–1944) United Kingdom, British major general, creator and commander of the Chindits • Clark H. Woodward (1877-1968), Vice Admiral, served in five wars: the SpanishAmerican War, Philippine-American War, Boxer Rebellion and both World Wars • Charles Young (1864-1922), first AfricanAmerican Lieutenant colonel in the US Army As of May 2006, there were 367 Medal of Honor recipients buried in Arlington National Cemetery,[16] nine of whom are Canadians.

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Arlington National Cemetery
• John R. Lynch, freedman, U.S. Army major, and Member of Congress. • Mike Mansfield, longest-serving Senate Majority Leader, ambassador to Japan. • Lee Marvin, Marine Corps veteran and actor. • Bill Mauldin, editorial cartoonist; noted for World War II-era work satirizing military life in Stars and Stripes • George B. McClellan, Jr. (1865-1940) Mayor of New York (1904-1909), son of Union Army Major General George B. McClellan • John C. Metzler, World War II sergeant, former superintendent of Arlington National Cemetery (1951-1972); his son John C. Metzler, Jr. has been the superintendent since 1991. • Daniel Patrick Moynihan, U.S. Senator from New York • Spot Poles, considered among the greatest outfielders of the Negro Leagues • William Rehnquist, Chief Justice of the United States • Earl W. Renfroe, orthodontist who helped originate the concept of preventive and interceptive orthodontics. • Frank Reynolds, ABC television anchorman • Samuel W. Small, journalist, evangelist, prohibitionist. • Johnny Micheal Spann, CIA officer, first American killed in Afghanistan. Although Spann had served in the USMC, he was not in the military when killed. However, because he had received the CIA’s Intelligence Star, considered the equivalent of the US Military’s Silver Star and recognized as such by President George W. Bush, Spann was approved for burial in Arlington National Cemetery. [18] • Samuel S. Stratton, 15-term U.S. Representative from New York • William Howard Taft, Secretary of War, President of the United States, Chief Justice of the United States • George Westinghouse, Civil War veteran, Westinghouse Electric founder • Harvey W. Wiley, first Commissioner of the Food and Drug Administration, "father" of the Pure Food and Drug Act • Charles Willeford, World War II veteran and author

Wartime service members with other distinguished careers
• Hugo Black, Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States • William J. Brennan, Jr., Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States • Ron Brown, Secretary of Commerce • William Jennings Bryan, Secretary of State, three-time presidential candidate, orator • William Francis Buckley, CIA Station Chief, murdered in Beirut. • Clark Clifford, Secretary of Defense, advisor to four presidents • Charles "Pete" Conrad, Jr., Apollo astronaut, third man to walk on the Moon • Dwight F. Davis, Secretary of War, established the Davis Cup • Michael E. DeBakey, famous cardiovascular physician, U.S. Army soldier during World War II • John Foster Dulles, Secretary of State • Medgar Evers, civil rights activist • Stanley L. Greigg, U.S. Congressman from Iowa • Dashiell Hammett, author • Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr, Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States, wounded three times in the Civil War, "The Great Dissenter"[17] • Grace Hopper, rear admiral, pioneering computer scientist • Robert G. Ingersoll, political leader and orator, noted for his agnosticism • John F. Kennedy (1917-1963), U.S. Navy officer during World War II, U.S. Representative (1947-1953), U.S. Senator (1953-1961), President of the United States, (1961-1963). • Jacqueline Lee Bouvier Kennedy Onassis 1929-1994 Married to John F. Kennedy • Frank Kowalski, U.S. Army veteran of World War II; U.S. Representative from Connecticut • Pierre Charles L’Enfant France, military engineer, architect, and urban planner; designed the city of Washington • Robert Todd Lincoln, Secretary of War, son of former U.S. President Abraham Lincoln • Joe Louis, world heavyweight boxing champion • Allard Lowenstein, U.S. Congressman from New York. [4]

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Arlington National Cemetery
section_27_facts.html. Retrieved on 2009-04-25. [2] Warner, Ezra, Generals in Gray, Baton Rouge, 1959, p. 181 [3] The Civil War: An Illustrated History, Geoffrey Ward, with Ken and Rick Burns. 2045. ISBN 06-7974-2778. [4] "Eligibility for Interment (Ground Burial)". A Guide to Burial at Arlington National Cemetery. Arlington National Cemetery. http://www.arlingtoncemetery.org/ funeral_information/ guide.interment.html. Retrieved on 2007-03-27. [5] Bush At War, Bob Woodward, Simon and Schuester, 2002, page 317 [6] Fox News - Arlington National Cemetery Burial Law Eyed [7] Arlington National Cemetery:: Visitor_Information [8] http://www.arlingtoncemetery.net/ ussmaine.htm Arlington Cemetery website, USS Maine Memorial. Accessed November 5, 2007. [9] Location of Arlington House flagpole: ( 38°52′52″N 77°04′20″W / 38.881187°N 77.072128°W / 38.881187; -77.072128 (Arlington House flagpole) [10] Hybrid satellite image/street map from WikiMapia [11] Milbank, Dana, "Putting Her Foot Down And Getting The Boot", Washington Post, July 10, 2008, Pg 3. [12] Milbank, Dana, "Putting Her Foot Down And Getting The Boot", Washington Post, July 10, 2008, Pg 3. [13] Blitzer, Wolf and Jamie McIntyre, "Former Official Says She Was Fired For Questioning Media Policy", The Situation Room, Cable News Network, July 11, 2008. [14] Tyson, Ann Scott, "Army Secretary Asks For Probe Of Firing", Washington Post, July 12, 2008. [15] Blitzer, Wolf and Jamie McIntyre, "Update On Media Coverage Of Military Funerals", The Situation Room, CNN, July 14, 2008. [16] Medal of Honor Recipients Buried at Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington National Cemetery. Retrieved on April 9, 2006. [17] New York Times Obituary, March 6, 1935; and www.arlingtoncemetery.net/ owholmes.htm

Notable civilians
• Julian Bartley, Sr. (54) and his son Jay Bartley (20), killed together in the 1998 bombing of the U.S. embassy in Nairobi • Harry Blackmun, Thurgood Marshall, William O. Douglas and Potter Stewart, four justices of the Supreme Court of the United States • Leslie Coffelt, Secret Service member killed fighting off would-be-assassins of President Harry S. Truman in the 1950 assassination attempt at Blair House • Robert F. Kennedy (1925-1968), Attorney General of the United States (1961-1964), U.S. Senator from New York (1965-1968). • Phyllis Kirk, famous TV and film actress, alongside her husband. • James Parks, freedman, the only person buried at Arlington Cemetery who was born on the grounds. • Marie Teresa Rios, author of Fifteenth Pelican, basis for The Flying Nun television show. • John Gibson and Jacob Chestnut, United States Capitol Police officers killed in the 1998 Capitol shooting attack • Leslie Sherman, student killed in the 2007 Virginia Tech massacre (her parents Holly and Anthony Sherman are both veterans and will be buried next to their daughter) [5] Whether or not they were wartime service members, U.S. presidents are eligible to be buried at Arlington, since they oversaw the armed forces as commanders-in-chief. Three state funerals have been held at Arlington: those of Presidents William Howard Taft and John F. Kennedy, and that of General John J. Pershing.

See also
• Laos Memorial • Netherlands Carillon • Pentagon Memorial at Arlington National Cemetery • United States Air Force Memorial • USMC War Memorial

References
[1] "Arlington National Cemetery Section 27 facts". Arlington National Cemetery. http://www.arlingtoncemetery.org/ historical_information/

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
[18] Bush At War, Bob Woodward, Simon and Schuester, 2002, page 317 • • • •

Arlington National Cemetery
National Park Service site Interment Information ArlingtonCemetery.net Memorial Day Ceremony at Arlington Cemetery • Virtual Tour of the Cemetery

External links
• Official site

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arlington_National_Cemetery" Categories: Arlington County, Virginia, Arlington National Cemetery, Cemeteries in Virginia, United States military memorials and cemeteries, Burial sites of Presidents of the United States This page was last modified on 23 May 2009, at 02:10 (UTC). All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License. (See Copyrights for details.) Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a U.S. registered 501(c)(3) taxdeductible nonprofit charity. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers

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