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Tyson Foods

Tyson Foods
Tyson Foods, Inc.

Type Founded Headquarters

Public (NYSE: TSN) 1931 Springdale, Arkansas, USA Tyson Kidd CEO Food processing Meat US$26 billion 107,000 www.tyson.com

Key people Industry Products Revenue Employees Website

Tyson Foods, Inc. (NYSE: TSN) is an American multinational corporation based in Springdale, Arkansas, that operates in the food industry. The company is the world’s largest processor and marketer of chicken, beef, and pork, and annually exports the largest percentage of beef out of the United States. With 2005 sales of US$26 billion, Tyson Foods is the second-largest food production company in the Fortune 500, the largest meat producer in the world, and according to Forbes one of the 100 largest companies in the United States. The company makes a wide variety of animal-based and prepared products at its 123 food processing plants. Tyson Foods has approximately 107,000 employees, who work at more than 300 facilities in the United States and throughout the world. Tyson works with 6,729 contract chicken growers. Tyson Foods is one of largest U.S. marketers of value-added chicken, beef and pork to retail grocers, broad line foodservice distributors and national fast food and full service restaurant chains; fresh beef and pork; frozen and fully-cooked chicken, beef and

pork products; case-ready beef and pork; supermarket deli chicken products; meat toppings for the pizza industry and retail frozen pizza; club store chicken, beef and pork; ground beef and flour tortillas. It supplies all Yum! Brands chains that use chicken (including KFC and Taco Bell), as well as McDonald’s, Burger King, Wendy’s, Wal-Mart, Kroger, Costco, IGA, Beef O’Brady’s, small restaurant businesses, and prisons. The company was criticized in 2007 by People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA) after an undercover investigator said he saw chickens being scalded alive and thrown around for fun by workers, and took footage of workers pulling the heads off chickens who had missed the throat-cutting machines.[1] As of February 2008, both Tyson and the U.S. Department of Agriculture said they were investigating the allegations, and Tyson has fired several of the workers involved in the incidents. The company says that some of the activities shown in the PETA video did warrant what it called corrective action, but that others were misrepresented because the birds shown had been stunned and were unconscious.[2]

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Tyson Foods

Acquisitions
In 2001, Tyson Foods acquired IBP, Inc., the largest beef packer and number two pork processor in the U.S., for US$3.2 billion in cash and stock. Tyson has also acquired such companies as Hudson Foods Company, Garrett poultry, Washington Creamery, Franz Foods, Prospect Farms, Krispy Chickens, Ocoma Foods, Cassady Broiler, Vantress Pedigree, Wilson Foods, Honeybear Foods, Mexican Original, Valmac Industries, Heritage Valley, Lane Processing, Cobb-Vantress, Holly Farms, and Wright Brand Foods, Inc.. It also acquired along with its purchase of IBP, Inc., the naming rights to an event center in Sioux City, Iowa.

Tyson Renewable Energy
Tyson’s processing plants are left with a vast supply of animal fats. In late 2006, the company created a business unit called Tyson Renewable Energy to examine ways to commercialize use of this leftover material by converting it into biofuels.[5] The unit is also examining the potential use of poultry litter to generate energy and other products.[6] On April 16, 2007, Tyson announced a joint venture with ConocoPhillips to produce roughly 175 million gallons of biodiesel a year— enough to run Tyson Foods’ truck fleet for 3.5 years.[7]

The company employs 107,000 people, and has 6,729 independent contract chicken growers. Current members of the board of directors are: Richard Bond, Lloyd Hackley, Scott T. Ford, Jim Kever, Jo Ann Smith, Leland Tollett, Barbara Tyson, Don Tyson, John Tyson, and Albert Zapanta. Richard Bond had been CEO of the company until January 7, 2009 when he stepped down and his position filled by temporary replacement Leland Tollett.[3] Tyson produces many different products, including Buffalo Wings, Boneless Buffalo Wings, and Chicken nuggets and Tenders. Every week, its 54 chicken plants process 42.5 million chickens, their 13 beef plants process 170,938 cattle, and six pork plants process 347,891 pigs. Their largest meat packing facility is their beef production plant in Dakota City, Nebraska. Other plants include hatcheries and tanneries.[4]

Sustainability report
The Tyson Foods 2005 Sustainability Report (English, 3.99MB | en Espanol, 2.44MB) provides an overview of the company’s triple bottom line reporting. The information in this report, unless otherwise noted, covers fiscal year (FY) 2005 (October 3, 2004 to October 1, 2005). It primarily focuses on Tyson operations within the United States, with some additional information provided on international operations.

Corporate citizenship
Since 2000, Tyson Foods has given more than 54 million pounds of its products to hunger and disaster relief in the United States. Tyson has also donated millions of dollars in cash to help non-profit organizations across the country. For these efforts, the December Forbes magazine article, America’s Most Generous Corporations, named Tyson Foods the number two most generous company per

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income percentage for its donations in 2007 totaling 1.6 percent ($8 million) of its annual operating income. Tyson has worked to raise awareness for the issue of hunger by partnering with national organizations including: Share our Strength, Feeding America, Lift Up America, League of United Latin American Citizens, Historically Black Colleges and Universities, National Student Food Drive and professional and collegiate athletic teams. Tyson also supports local community outreach by honoring the local volunteers who work to bring food directly to families through the Tyson Hunger All-Star Award. The Tyson Hunger All-Star Award has been given to eight individuals nominated for their significant impact on hunger relief in their hometown. Tyson has also been active in disaster relief efforts. After the hurricanes and floods of 2008, Tyson supplied those hard-hit areas in the Midwest and Gulf Coast with 3.2 million meals of protein by way of a 26-truck convoy.

Tyson Foods
after hatching. They are bred to grow quickly, especially the breast muscles, which provide the most expensive cuts of meat. Their breast muscles may grow so big that occasional broilers become too heavy to walk and thus starve. Each farmer must walk the length of each of his sheds 5 times per day to check for dead birds, which may be cannibalized if left in place. Toward the end of the broilers’ stay, the birds get very crowded. Crowding reduces costs - the propane bill to heat just one shed can be $5000 per winter. Crowding also keeps the chickens from moving around; immobile chickens gain more weight. Because there are too many chickens to establish a pecking order, aggression is common. Many of the chickens in a large broiler shed have inflamed patches of skin from sitting on the fecal waste on the floor, which is cleaned out every 18 months. The bare, red skin attracts pecking from other chickens, making the sore areas even more conspicuous as targets. Chickens in a broiler shed reach market weight of around 6 pounds after only 7 to 8 weeks in the shed. At that time, Tyson workers arrive in a tractor trailer truck to pack the entire flock into crates and take them to the nearest Tyson meatpacking plant, or processor, where they are slaughtered and packaged for supermarkets. After a week or two of vacant sheds, a new flock of chicks arrives in plastic boxes, and the cycle starts again. Each Tyson farmer goes through 5 or 6 cycles each year. Tyson owns the chickens and provides all their feed, as well as feed additives such as antibiotics to promote growth. But Tyson farmers must provide the land and construct the sheds at their own expense. A single shed may cost $200,000 to construct. The farmers operate under contract to Tyson. When the fecal waste in a shed is scraped out every 18 months, the farmer is responsible for disposing of it. His or her only legal option is to spray it onto crop fields. When more is applied than plants can absorb, it may run off into nearby streams and then rivers, causing nutrient pollution and sometimes eutrophication. Airborne ammonia from sprayed waste can also be a health issue for neighbors of broiler farms. By forcing contractual farmers to provide the land and sheds for raising Tyson broilers, Tyson attempts to shift liability for environmental damages to the farmers.

Religious activities
Chairman John Tyson is a practicing Christian. In addition to placing 128 part-time chaplains (ranging from fundamentalist Christians to Catholic priests to Muslim Imams) in 78 Tyson plants,[8] in 2006, the company invited their customers to download a prayer book, containing prayers from many faiths, including Christianity, Judaism, Islam and Native American spirituality, from their website to read during mealtime.[9][10][9][11]

Controversies involving Tyson Foods
Inside a Tyson Broiler Farm
In 2005, journalists Sally and Sadie Kneidel reported on their tour of Tyson broiler farms in their book Veggie Revolution: Smart Choices for a Healthy Body and a Healthy Planet. According to their report, each windowless shed on a typical Tyson broiler farm is approximately 42 by 400 feet (120 m) and holds around 24,000 chickens, giving each chicken 0.7 square feet (0.065 m2) of floor space. This calculation doesn’t account for the space occupied by the automated food and water pipes running the length of each building. The chicks arrive from the Tyson hatchery in plastic boxes all at once, one day

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Tyson Foods
on its production lines. Tyson plant managers arranged for delivery of illegal workers with undercover immigration officials. Prosecutors alleged that the conspiracy to import workers dates back to 1994 when plant managers began to find it difficult to fill positions with legal workers. Of the six managers who were indicted, two accepted plea bargain deals, and one committed suicide one month after being charged. In March 2003, a federal jury acquitted Tyson of having knowingly hired illegal immigrants.[15][16] In May 2006, Tyson suspended operations at nine plants during a nationwide day of immigration demonstrations citing expected lack of workers.[17] In October 2006, a federal judge granted class-action status to a lawsuit brought by Tyson employees who allege that Tyson’s practice of hiring illegal immigrants depresses wages 10-30%. The suit further contends that the company violated federal racketeering laws by conspiring with National Council of La Raza and League of United Latin American Countries not to question the employment applications of anyone with a Hispanic surname.[18][19][20]

Environmental record
During the past decade, Tyson has been involved in several lawsuits related to air and water pollution. In June 2003 the company admitted to illegally dumping untreated wastewater from its poultry processing plant near Sedalia, Missouri, pleading guilty to 20 felony violations of the federal Clean Water Act. As part of the plea agreement, the company agreed to pay $7.5 million in fines, hire an outside consultant to perform an environmental audit, and institute an "enhanced environmental management system" at the Sedalia plant. At the same time, Tyson also settled a case filed by the Missouri attorney general’s office related to the same illegal dumping. The United States Environmental Protection Agency began the investigation into the discharges in 1997, and federal officials served two criminal search warrants at the plant in 1999. According to EPA and U.S. Department of Justice officials, Tyson continued to illegally dump wastewater after the search warrants were executed, prompting an EPA senior trial attorney to remark that: "Having done this work for nearly 20 years, I don’t recall any case where violations continued after the execution of two search warrants. That’s stunning." Under the federal and state plea agreements, Tyson agreed to pay $5.5 million to the federal government, $1 million to the Pettis County School Fund and $1 million to the Missouri Natural Resources Protection Fund to help remedy the damage. [12] In 2002, three residents of Western Kentucky, together with the Sierra Club, filed a lawsuit concerning the discharge of dangerous quantities of ammonia from Tyson’s Western Kentucky factories. Tyson settled the suit in January 2005, agreeing to spend $500,000 to mitigate and monitor the ammonia levels.[13] In 2004, Tyson was one of six poultry companies to pay a $7.3 million settlement fee to the city of Tulsa, Oklahoma, to settle charges that the use of chicken waste as fertilizer had created phosphorus pollution in Tulsa’s main drinking water sources.[14]

Use of questionable slaughtering methods
From December 2004 through February 2005, an undercover investigator for People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals claimed to have worked on the slaughter line of a Tyson Foods chicken processing plant in Heflin, Alabama. Using a hidden camera, he allegedly documented the treatment of the more than 100,000 chickens killed every day in the plant. PETA alleges that workers were instructed to rip the heads off of birds who missed the throat-cutting machines. He claims he saw birds scalded alive in the feather removal tank, and he said that managers said that it was acceptable to scald 40 birds alive per shift. Interestingly the job the investigator was hired to do was to prevent the alleged abuses he videotaped: preventing birds from going into the scald tank alive. The investigator claims plant employees were also seen throwing around dead birds just for fun. PETA has asked Tyson to implement Controlled Atmosphere Killing. For this reason, PETA is boycotting businesses that use Tyson as a supplier, such as KFC and distribution channels such as Sunset Strips. The

Employment of undocumented immigrants
In 2001, Tyson was charged with conspiracy to smuggle undocumented workers to work

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video, taken by the investigator of the killings, was posted on YouTube.[1][21] In 2006, Tyson completed a study to determine whether controlled atmosphere killing (CAS), which uses gas to render chickens unconscious before slaughter, could be a more humane practice than conventional electrical stunning. According to Bill Lovette, Tyson’s senior group vice president of poultry and prepared foods, the study found no difference between the humaneness of the two methods. The company plans to ask scientists at the University of Arkansas to initiate a similar study to test these initial results. The research will be led by the newly created Chair in Food Animal Wellbeing at the Dale Bumpers College of Agricultural, Food and Life Sciences of the University of Arkansas. Tyson has committed $1.5 million to help establish the Chair, which will be involved in overseeing research and classes focused on the humane management and treatment of food animals.[22]

Tyson Foods
lawsuit against the company. The lawsuit brought allegations of discrimination over several years, including a "Whites only" sign on a bathroom door and the use of racial slurs and other racist comments.[24][25] Workers who complained about the disparate treatment were summarily suspended or suffered disciplinary actions by the management.[26] Tyson Foods later paid $871,000 to resolve the claims of the group of plaintiffs who filed the discrimination lawsuit.[27]

Chairman’s $140,000 in cash stolen from briefcase
In February 2008, The Kansas City Star reported that a briefcase containing more than $140,000 was reported stolen from the home of the chairman, John H. Tyson. Ryan Silvey, 19, was arrested in Olathe, Kan., by the FBI Fugitive Task Force. The briefcase was reportedly stolen during a party thrown by Tyson’s daughter at the family’s home in Johnson, Arkansas, around December 27, 2007. Tyson reported the theft on January 2, 2008, saying that "he had collected the money over time and had it hidden in the house."[28]

Undisclosed use of antibiotics
In 2007, Tyson began labeling and advertising its chicken products as "Raised without Antibiotics." After being advised by the USDA that Tyson’s use of bacteria-killing ionophores in unhatched eggs constituted antibiotic use, Tyson and the USDA compromised on rewording Tyson’s slogan as "raised without antibiotics that impact antibiotic resistance in humans." Tyson competitiors Perdue Farms and Sanderson Farms sued claiming that Tyson’s claim violated truth-in-advertising/labeling standards. In May 2008, a federal judge ordered Tyson to stop using the label. In June 2008, USDA inspectors discovered that Tyson had also been using gentamicin, an antibiotic, in eggs. USDA Undersecretary for Food Safety Richard Raymond claimed that the company hid the use of this antibiotic from federal inspectors claiming that the use of this chemical is standard industry practice. Tyson agreed to voluntarily remove its “raised without antibiotics” label in future packaging and advertising.[23]

See also
• Food industry

References
[1] ^ "Tyson chicken exposed", People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals, or see it on YouTube. Also see PETA’s website on Tyson Foods. [2] Lee, Elizabeth. "Tyson fires workers embroiled in chicken torture", The Atlanta Journal-Constitution, February 15, 2008. [3] Tyson CEO Flies The Coop [4] Facilities include: [1] Prepared foods: 27 [2] Case-ready beef and pork: 3 [3] Fully-cooked beef and pork: 1 [4] Animal protein: 9 [5] Pet food: 19 [6] Tanneries/hide treatment facilities: 8 [7] Tallow refinery: 1 [8] Cold storage warehouses: 65 [9] Forward warehousing/distribution centers: 10 [10] Hatcheries: 64

Posting of "Whites Only" sign in the workplace
In September 2005, thirteen African American workers at a Tyson Foods poultry plant in Ashland, Alabama, filed a discrimination

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[11] Feed mills/feed blending facilities: 40 [5] ""Tyson Foods forms Tyson Renewable Energy"". Biodiesel Magazine. January 2007. http://www.biodieselmagazine.com/ article.jsp?article_id=1360. Retrieved on 2007-08-05. [6] "Tyson Foods and Renewable Energy to Provide Alternative Use for Chicken Litter in Delmarva". Press release. July 12, 2001. http://www.p2pays.org/ref/16/ 15735.htm. Retrieved on 2007-08-05. [7] Souza, Kim (April 16, 2007). ""Tyson Foods Turning Fat Into Fuel"". The Morning News. http://www.nwaonline.net/articles/2007/ 04/16/business/ 041707apriltysonconoco.txt. Retrieved on 2007-08-05. [8] Hedges, Chris (2006). American Fascists: The Christian Right and the War On America. New York: Free Press. p. 22. [9] ^ Advertising Age [10] Tyson Foods, Inc.: Giving Thanks [11] Tyson Foods Wants to Be "FaithFriendly" [12] "Tyson pleads guilty in pollution case, will pay $7.5 million in fines". Corporate Ethics and Government, June 25, 2003. Retrieved on June 4, 2007. [13] "Tyson Settles Air Pollution Suit for $500,000". The New York Times, January 28, 2005. Retrieved on June 4, 2007. [14] "udge OKs lawyer fees in water suit". Tulsa World, February 5, 2005. Retrieved on June 4, 2007. [15] Poovey, Bill (February 7, 2003). "Tyson Says Top Bosses Didn’t Know". CBS News. http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/ 2003/02/05/national/main539521.shtml. Retrieved on 2007-08-05. [16] Poovey, Bill (March 26, 2003). "Tyson Foods Acquitted Of Illegal Hiring". CBS News. http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/ 2003/03/26/national/main546248.shtml. Retrieved on 2007-08-05. [17] "Tyson to shutter plants over immigration protest". CNN Money. April 28, 2006. http://money.cnn.com/2006/04/ 28/news/companies/companies_boycott/ index.htm. Retrieved on 2007-08-05. [18] Ott, Tanya (January 26, 2007). "Tyson Foods faces suit over illegal workers". NPR. http://www.npr.org/templates/

Tyson Foods
story/story.php?storyId=7029375. Retrieved on 2007-08-05. [19] Poovey, Bill (October 13, 2006). "Ruling helps workers claiming Tyson hired illegals to cut wages". Decatur Daily. http://www.decaturdaily.com/ decaturdaily/news/061013/tyson.shtml. Retrieved on 2007-08-05. [20] Tyson Foods illegal hiring lawsuit set for March 2008 trial. (2007, January 29). Market Watch. Retrieved on August 21, 2007. [21] "Former Tyson foods employee speaks out against abuses" [22] Tyson Foods. Tyson Asks University to Conduct Animal Welfare Research; Company to Help Establish Chair for Food Animal Wellbeing. Press release. http://www.tyson.com/Corporate/ PressRoom/ViewArticle.aspx?id=2403. Retrieved on 2007-08-05. [23] Tyson Foods Injects Chickens with Antibiotics Before They Hatch to Claim "Raised without Antibiotics" [24] Berry, D.B. (2005, August 19). "Whites only" sign stirs a lawsuit. Newsday. Retrieved on August 21, 2007. [25] Tyson Foods sued for race bias and retaliation against Blacks; "Whites Only" restroom at issue. U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. (2005, August 11). Retrieved on August 21, 2007. [26] EEOC sues Tyson over "whites only." (2005, August 12). Workplace Answers, Inc. Retrieved on August 21, 2007. [27] Tyson resolves employment case. (December 2006). Render Magazine. Retrieved on August 21, 2007. [28] Police charge college student with stealing Tyson Foods chair’s briefcase with $140,000 cash

External links
• Corporate web site for Tyson Foods • Consumer web site for Tyson Foods • Veggie Revolution by Sally Kneidel, PhD, and Sadie Kneidel

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tyson_Foods"

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Tyson Foods

Categories: Companies listed on the New York Stock Exchange, Agriculture companies of the United States, Companies based in Arkansas, Food production companies of the United States, Multinational companies, Industrial agriculture, Brand name poultry, Meatpacking, Meat processing in the United States, Companies established in 1931 This page was last modified on 9 May 2009, at 14:42 (UTC). All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License. (See Copyrights for details.) Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a U.S. registered 501(c)(3) taxdeductible nonprofit charity. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers

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