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Oshawa

Oshawa
City of Oshawa Nickname(s): The Motor City, The Sh’wa Motto: Prepare to be Amazed

Map showing Oshawa’s location in Durham Region

Coordinates: 43°53′56″N 78°51′9″W / 43.89889°N 78.8525°W / 43.89889; -78.8525 Country Province Region Incorporated Government - Mayor - Governing Body - MPs Canada Ontario Durham Region 1850 John Gray Oshawa City Council Jim Flaherty (Whitby—Oshawa) Colin Carrie (Oshawa) Jerry Ouellette (Oshawa) Christine Elliott (Whitby—Oshawa) 145.65 km2 (56.23 sq mi) 106 m (346 ft)

- MPPs

as the eastern anchor of both the Greater Toronto Area and the Golden Horseshoe. It is not, however, part of the Toronto CMA but has its own metropolitan area, the fourteenth largest in Canada. It is the largest community in the Regional Municipality of Durham. The name Oshawa originates from the Ojibwa term aazhaway, meaning "the carring place" or just "(a)cross".[3][4] The automobile industry, specifically the Canadian division of General Motors Corporation, known as General Motors Canada, has always been at the forefront of Oshawa’s economy. Founded in 1876 as the McLaughlin Carriage Company, General Motors of Canada’s headquarters and major assembly plants are located in the city. The lavish home of the carriage company’s founder, Parkwood Estate, is a national historic site, and a backdrop favoured by Toronto film crews. The city is also home to Cullen Miniature Village and Windfields Farm, a thoroughbred horse breeding operation and birthplace of Canada’s most famous racehorse, Northern Dancer. Once very much a distinct community physically, economically, and culturally Oshawa has been increasingly subsumed into the Greater Toronto Area.

Area - City Elevation

History
The area that would become Oshawa began as a transfer point for the fur trade. Beaver and other animal pelts were trapped by local natives and traded with the Coureur des bois (voyagers). Furs were loaded onto canoes by the Mississauga Indians at the Oshawa harbour and transported to the trading posts located to the west at the mouth of the Credit River. Around 1760, the French constructed a trading post near the harbour location; this was abandoned after a few years, but its ruins provided shelter for the first residents of what later became Oshawa. Most notably, one of the fur traders was Moody Farewell, an early resident of the community who was to some extent responsible for its name change.

Population (2006)[1] 141,590 - City 972.1/km2 (2,518.1/sq mi) - Density 330,594 - Metro Time zone - Summer (DST) Website Eastern (EST) (UTC−5) Eastern (EDT) (UTC−4) oshawa.ca

For the station in the GO Transit system, see Oshawa GO Station. Oshawa (2006 population 141,590,[1] CMA, 330,594)[2] is a city in Ontario, Canada, on the Lake Ontario shoreline. It lies in Southern Ontario approximately 60 kilometres east of downtown Toronto. It is commonly viewed

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Oshawa
"where we have to get out and walk!" The name "Oshawa" was adopted and the post office named accordingly. In 1849, the requirements for incorporation were eased, and Oshawa was incorporated as a village in 1850. The newly established village became an industrial centre, and implement works, tanneries, asheries and wagon factories opened (and often closed shortly after, as economic "panics" occurred regularly). In 1876, Colonel Robert Samuel McLaughlin moved his carriage works to Oshawa from Enniskillen to take advantage of its harbour as well as the availability of a rail link not too far away. He constructed a two-story building, which was soon added to. This building was heavily remodelled in 1929, receiving a new facade and being extended to the south using land where the city’s gaol had once stood. The village became a town in 1879, in what was then called Whitby Township. Around 1890, the carriage works relocated from its Simcoe Street address to an unused furniture factory a couple of blocks to the northeast, and this remained its site until the building burnt in 1899. Offered assistance by the town, McLaughlin elected to stay in Oshawa, building a new factory across Mary Street from the old site. Rail service had been provided in 1890 by the Oshawa Railway; this was originally set up as a streetcar line, but c. 1910 constructed a second "freight line" was built slightly to the east of Simcoe Street. This electric line provided both streetcar and freight service, connected central Oshawa with the Grand Trunk (now Canadian National) Railway, as well as the long-defunct Canadian Northern (which ran through the very north of Oshawa) and the Canadian Pacific, built in 1912-13. The Oshawa Railway was acquired by the Grand Trunk operation around 1910, and streetcar service was replaced by buses in 1940. After GM moved its main plants to south Oshawa in 1951, freight traffic fell and most of the tracks were removed in 1963, although a line to the older remaining "north" plant via Ritson Road remained until 2000.

Flag of the United Empire Loyalists In the late 1700s a local resident, Roger Conant, started an export business shipping salmon to the United States. His success attracted further migration into the region. A large number of the founding immigrants were United Empire Loyalists, who left the United States to live under British rule. Later Irish and then French Canadian immigration increased as did industrialization. Oshawa and the surrounding Ontario County were also the settling grounds of a disproportionate number of 19th century Cornish immigrants during the Cornish emigration which emptied large tracts of that part of England. As well, the surveys ordered by Governor John Graves Simcoe, and the subsequent land grants, helped populate the area. When Col. Asa Danforth laid out his York-to-Kingston road, it passed through what would later become the city. In 1822, a "colonization road" (a northsouth road to facilitate settlement) known as Simcoe Street was constructed. It more or less followed the path of an old native trail known as the Nonquon Road, and ran from the harbour to the area of Lake Scugog. This intersected the "Kingston Road" at what would become Oshawa’s "Four Corners." In 1836, Edward Skae relocated his general store approximately 800 m east to the southeast corner of this intersection; as his store became a popular meeting place (probably because it also served as the Post Office), the corner and the growing settlement that surrounded it, were known as Skae’s Corners. In 1842, Skae, the postmaster, applied for official post office status, but was informed the community needed a better name. Moody Farewell was requested to ask his native acquaintances what they called the area; their reply was "Oshawa," which translates to "where we must leave our canoes." Thus, the name of Oshawa, one of the primary "motor cities" of Canada, has a name meaning

The start of the car industry
In 1908 the McLaughlin Carriage Company began to manufacture Buick automobiles under the McLaughlin-Buick name. This resulted from talks between Col. R. S. McLaughlin and "Billy" Durant (the entrepreneur who had

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created General Motors in the U.S. around the same time). In 1915 the firm acquired the manufacturing rights to the Chevrolet brand. Within three years his firm and the Chevrolet Motor Car Company of Canada merged, creating General Motors of Canada. Col. R. S. McLaughlin became the head of this new operation, and his factory expanded rapidly, eventually covering several blocks. The popularity of the automobile in the nineteentwenties generated rapid expansion of Oshawa, which grew in population from 4,000 to 16,000 during this decade as well as in land area. In 1924, Oshawa annexed the area to its south, including both the harbour and the community of Cedardale. This growth allowed Oshawa to seek incorporation as a city, which took place March 8, 1924.

Oshawa
management led to the Oshawa Strike, a salient event in the history of Canadian trade unionism. As the weight of the Great Depression slowly began to lift, demand for automobiles again began to grow. The workers sought higher wages, an eight hour workday, better working conditions and recognition of their union, the United Auto Workers (Local 222). The then-Liberal government of Mitchell Hepburn, which had, ironically, been elected on a platform of being the working man’s friend, sided with the corporation and even brought in armed university students to break up any union agitation. Fortunately, these much-derided "Hepburn’s Hussars" and "Sons of Mitches" were never needed as the union refused to be drawn into any violent act. The union and workers had the backing of the local population, other unions and the Cooperative Commonwealth Federation, and on April 23, two weeks after the strike started, the company gave in to most of the workers’ demands, although -- pointedly -- it did not recognize the union.

Post-war Oshawa
In 1950, the city annexed a portion of East Whitby Township west of Park Road. Some of this area had been developed during the 1920s boom period, although it was not within the boundaries of the city proper. The opening of what later became Highway 401, then known as Highway 2A, shortly after World War II led in part to the creation of the Regional Municipality of Durham in 1974. Oshawa was amalgamated with the remaining portions of East Whitby Township and took on its present boundaries, which included the outlying villages of Columbus, Raglan and Kedron. Much of Oshawa’s industry has closed over the years; however, it is still the headquarters of GM Canada as well as its major manufacturing site.

Oshawa built Sherman tank on parade for Col McLaughlins 100th birthday, 1971 With the wealth he gained in his business venture, in 1916 Robert McLaughlin built one of the most stately homes in Canada, "Parkwood." The 55-room residence was built using inexpensive labour, and designed by Toronto architect John M. Lyle. McLaughlin lived in the house for 55 years with his wife and 5 children. The house replaced an older mansion, which was about thirty years old when it was demolished; the grounds of the earlier home had been operated as Prospect Park, and this land was acquired by the town and became its first municipal park, Alexandra Park. Parkwood today is open to the public as a national historic site (for a paid admission) and tours are offered as well.

Oshawa’s future
The opening of the Oshawa Shopping Centre (now the Oshawa Centre) fewer than two kilometres west of the "four corners" in 1956 struck a blow to Oshawa’s downtown from which it has never been able to recover. The shopping centre was built on land which had been an unproductive farm; when its owner gave up on agriculture, this released a very large area of land for the construction of a mall. It also serves as the main transfer

The Oshawa Strike, 1937
On April 8, 1937, disputes between 4000 assembly line workers and General Motors

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centre for the bus routes of Durham region Transit. The Oshawa Centre is the largest shopping mall in Ontario east of Toronto. For most of the last thirty years, the city has tried to promote the downtown core as a viable place to live and work, with multiple failed attempts to attract new business and other projects to the city core. Local politicians and civic officials hope that the opening of the new General Motors Centre will spark renewed interest in downtown revitalization. In addition, the University of Ontario Institute of Technology has relocated the Faculty of Education into downtown Oshawa, in a building originally built as a bank. The New Durham Region County Courthouse under construction will be completed in 2009. Most of Oshawa’s growth has occurred on the outer regions of the city. Legislation passed by the Ontario Government in 2005 now protects greenspace to the north of the city (the Oak Ridges Moraine), which will eventually prohibit any further expansion of the urban boundary. This will likely result in the redevelopment of Oshawa’s many ’brownfield’ sites, and may result in increased density. In fact, a large tract of land became available for development earlier this year (2008) when the old GM "north plant" was finally demolished.

Oshawa

The fifth-generation Chevrolet Camaro is a product of GM’s Oshawa Car Assembly High wages paid to unionized GM employees have meant that these workers could enjoy a relatively high standard of living, although such jobs are much scarcer today than they once were. During its post-World War II heyday, General Motors offered some of the best manufacturing jobs available in Canada and attracted thousands of workers from economically depressed areas of the country, particularly the Maritimes, Newfoundland, rural Quebec and northern Ontario. The city was also a magnet for European immigrants in the skilled trades, and boasts substantial Polish, Ukrainian, Hungarian, Croatian, German and Russian ethnic communities. Although the workforce at General Motors of Canada has shrunk in recent years (with more reductions through attrition planned), the company continues to make significant technology and capital investments at its sites in Oshawa. In fact, the possible demise of GM is being discussed among Canadian economists! While the company’s once essential role in the local economy has diminished, it remains the largest local employer. Many of its operations have been spun off to contractors. In most cases, new owners at the spun-off facilities are not bound by the collective bargaining agreements of the Canadian Auto Workers, and wages at such operations tend to be much lower than at General Motors itself. Oshawa has become one of the fastest growing cities in Canada, although statements to this effect are often in reference to the Census Metropolitan Area, which includes its neighbouring suburbs of the Town of Whitby and Municipality of Clarington. Many commuters have been enticed to Oshawa by comparatively low housing prices and the regular rail service into downtown

Economy
Oshawa is headquarters to General Motors Canada, which has large-scale manufacturing and administrative operations in the city and employs many thousands both directly and indirectly. Since Windsor, Ontario houses Chrysler Canada headquarters, the two cities have something of a friendly rivalry for the title of "Automotive Capital of Canada". The revenue collection divisions of the Ontario Ministry of Finance occupy one of the few major office buildings in the city’s downtown, which continues to struggle despite business improvement efforts. The city’s older southern neighbourhoods tend to be considerably less affluent than its more suburban northern sections, which are rapidly expanding as Toronto commuters move in. The southern half of the city consists of industrial zones and compact housing designed for early 20th century industrial workers, while the northern half has a suburban feel more typical of later decades.

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Toronto provided by GO Transit and VIA Rail. The growth of subdivisions to house Toronto commuters will likely accelerate if the longplanned Highway 407 extension is built across the city’s northern tier in the next decade. The trend suggests major social changes for Oshawa, which has long had a vigorous labour union presence and largely blue collar identity. Rising property values and the emergence of land speculation associated with suburban growth have created new dynamics for the local economy. While unchecked growth was largely accepted (even embraced) in the 1980s and 1990s, concern over urban sprawl has emerged. In late 2004, the Greater Toronto Airports Authority announced a plan under which the Oshawa Airport would be closed and its traffic diverted to a major new Toronto reliever airport to be constructed in Pickering. The Oshawa airport handles occasional traffic related to General Motors (emergency spare parts and executives); GM has indicated that a move of its air traffic to Pickering would not affect its operations. The airport also handles significant general aviation, two flight training facilities, and numerous other aviation and non-aviation related companies, all of which would need to be diverted or relocated. Significant helicopter support services are also provided for police, military, and HydroOne aircraft. The city has considered ambitious proposals to repurpose the airport lands, but as of January 2006, significant upgrade work is being performed on the main terminal building by the city itself, signalling that the city has no immediate plans to close the busy facility, understanding its importance to the community and local economy (injecting $52 million yearly). Additional aviation related construction is also taking place on the airport lands.

Oshawa
However, Oshawa was part of the Ontario (County) riding when Michael Starr, a high ranking Progressive Conservative Member of Parliament (MP) and Cabinet Member in the Diefenbaker era served. Starr served the new Oshawa—Whitby riding for one term, before being narrowly defeated by future federal New Democratic Party (NDP) leader Ed Broadbent in 1968. Broadbent then represented the city in the Canadian House of Commons until 1989, and in the 1980s led the NDP to its greatest electoral successes. By the end of the 1990s, the city’s changing economy and demographics led many voters to the Progressive Conservative Party of Ontario and the Canadian Alliance, a conservative party at the federal level. Conservative candidates have won recent provincial and federal elections, whereas from 1968-93 the city was a safe NDP seat in both the federal and provincial legislatures. The city’s shifting social and political dynamics were seen in the 2004 federal election - the riding of Oshawa (not coterminous with the City of Oshawa, but containing most of it) was the country’s most competitive. The candidate of the new Conservative Party of Canada, Dr. Colin Carrie, edged out his NDP rival Sid Ryan by several hundred votes; it was an atypical and ideologically stark race that left Louise Parks of the Liberals in third place. In 2006, Whitby—Oshawa also became a Conservative seat; Jim Flaherty followed Starr (after over 40 years) into the Canadian cabinet as Minister of Finance.

Local government
Oshawa’s city government consists of a mayor and ten councillors. Each of the city’s seven wards is represented by a Regional & City councillor, who also represent Oshawa at Durham Region council. The three remaining councillors sit on city council only, each councillor serving two wards. Ward 7, the northernmost ward, has only its Regional & City councillor. The current mayor is John Gray. In May 2007, Council voted to revert to a general vote system in which council members are elected at large. The at-large system, which the City used prior to 1985, will take effect after the 2010 civic election. Council’s vote was based on the results of a non-binding referendum held as part of the

Politics
See also: Oshawa (electoral district) The dominant presence of General Motors (and its autoworkers) meant that Oshawa was well-known as a bastion of unionist, leftwing support during the decades following the Second World War. The city played an important role in Canada’s labour history, including the 1937 "Oshawa Strike" against General Motors and the considerable financial support provided by the city’s autoworkers to the NDP and its predecessors.

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2006 election; 64 per cent voted in favour of a general vote for regional councillors and 61 per cent said YES to a general vote for city councillors.

Oshawa

Health care
Oshawa’s hospital is the Oshawa site of Lakeridge Health Oshawa, formerly the Oshawa General Hospital. This 437-bed facility is the major regional hospital for the area and also houses the R.S. McLaughlin Durham Regional Cancer Centre, a new expansion opened in early 2007.

Education
Public education in Oshawa is provided via the Durham District School Board. As of late 2006, there were 32 elementary schools and six secondary schools. The Durham Catholic District School Board, which has its headquarters in Oshawa, oversees public Catholic education in Durham Region. There are 14 Catholic elementary schools and two secondary schools. The Conseil scolaire de district du Centre-Sud-Ouest operates one French Public elementary school, while the Conseil scolaire de district catholique CentreSud runs one publicly-funded French-language Catholic elementary school. Private schools include Durham Elementary School, Immanuel Christian School, Kingsway College and College Park Elementary School. The Durham Catholic District School Board decided to shut down several Catholic Elementary Schools in Oshawa in June 2008, due to shifting enrolment. Also, in the Durham District School Board, there are a select number of Performing Arts secondary schools the two most well known being Eastdale Collegiate and Vocational Institute and O’Neil Collegiate. Known for their annual musicals, Eastdale often raises money for various charities through performance. Eastdale.ca [1] The main campus of Durham College is also located in the city. The university and college share a campus and some facilities, but the two institutions are independent. Given the city’s industrial heritage, the university’s courses emphasize technology, manufacturing and engineering themes. It is the only university in Canada to offer degree programs in Automotive Engineering and Nuclear Engineering. Trent University also offers a full-time program at the campus. Oshawa is home to the University of Ontario Institute of Technology, opened in 2003. In 2007, a student housing controversy culminated in a bylaw restraining the areas in which students may live. A bylaw highly scrutinized by Barbara Hall the chief of the Ontario Human Rights Commission.

Emergency services
Policing in Oshawa is provided by the Durham Regional Police service from a station at 77 Centre St. N. in the downtown area and a South Oshawa Community Policing Centre on Cedar St. EMS/Ambulance services are also overseen by the Region of Durham. Oshawa Fire Services operate from five fire stations located throughout the city.

Media
Although a relatively large city by Canadian standards, Oshawa has few media outlets of its own due to its proximity to Toronto. The city has one AM station, CKDO (1580) which is rebroadcast on 107.7 FM, and one FM station, CKGE. Both stations are owned by Durham Radio, which also owns CJKX, licenced to the nearby community of Ajax. All three stations are operated from the same studios at the Oshawa Airport. Oshawa also has a rebroadcast transmitter of Peterborough’s CBC Television affiliate CHEX which airs a daily afternoon news and current affairs program specially targeted to Durham Region viewers. Although a larger city than Peterborough then and now, Oshawa was not granted a television station in the original 1950s assignments as it was geographically too close to Toronto, since the original spacings were set at 145 km (90 miles). Rogers Television, the local cable provider also serves the community with local television programming. Oshawa is served by a number of community newspapers, including the Oshawa Express, an independent which publishes every Wednesday, and Oshawa This Week, published three times per week by Metroland. The long-standing daily newspaper, the Oshawa Times (also known at various times as the Oshawa Daily Times and Times-Gazette), was closed by its owner Thomson Newspapers, after a lengthy strike in 1994.

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Oshawa
the 1920s was Nels Stewart, who became a Hall of Famer in the National Hockey League. During the 1980s, when lacrosse seemed on the edge of oblivion in Canada, (the Green Gaels themselves having folded in the early part of the decade), lacrosse continued to be played in the neighbouring towns of Whitby and Brooklin, and many of the players were from Oshawa. However, since then, Clarington has taken over the Green Gaels association. Jason Crosbie, a local teacher at John Pereyma Catholic Secondary School, head coaches the team. With the rise of the National Lacrosse League the sport’s survival seems assured and again, many players and others involved in the professional league are from the Oshawa area. Former Oshawa Green Gaels captain and Oshawa native, Derek Keenan, is the current general manager of the Portland Lumberjax.

Sports
Hockey

Rugby
General Motors Centre Oshawa is home to the Oshawa Generals of the Ontario Hockey League, the top level for players aged 15–20. Famous alumni of this team include Bobby Orr, Alex Delvecchio, Wayne Cashman, Tony Tanti, Dave Andreychuk, Marc Savard and Eric Lindros. The team moved from the Oshawa Civic Auditorium into the new General Motors Centre in November 2006. The Oshawa Generals have the dubious distinction of having their home arena destroyed by fire not once, but twice in the franchise history. In June 1928 the Bradley Arena was destroyed by fire. Then 25 years later, the Hambly Arena was also destroyed by fire. Oshawa has been the home of Oshawa Vikings Rugby Football Club since 1959. Founded by Kris Krause, who migrated to Toronto from England in 1951, was employed by General Motors since 1956. Notable players from the club since its inception include Dave Thompson (Ontario Rugby Hall of Fame) and Dean Van Camp (Rugby Canada Men XV squad). The clubhouse (Thompson Rugby Park) is located in the Oshawa Hamlet of Raglan.

Transportation

Baseball
Oshawa is also home to the Oshawa Dodgers of the Intercounty Baseball League (IBL), an amateur baseball league in Canada. Their home park, Kinsmen Stadium is located just to the north of the former site of the Hambly Arena.

Oshawa bus terminal As noted above, GO Transit trains connect the city with the City of Hamilton and points inbetween. The Oshawa Station also serves VIA Rail in the Quebec City-Windsor Corridor, as well as GO Buses, and Durham Region Transit. DRT is a regional transit

Lacrosse
Oshawa was for many years one of the main centres for the sport of lacrosse and home of the Oshawa Green Gaels, one of the most storied teams in the sport. A player of note in

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system, started on January 1, 2006, that replaced Oshawa Transit and has roots in a street railway in the town dating from 1895. Intercity buses include Greyhound (limited service between Toronto, Port Hope, Cobourg and Belleville, as well as to Peterborough and Ottawa, and Can-Ar coaches daily to/from Lindsay and Toronto, along with GO use the downtown Oshawa Bus Terminal at Bond and Centre Streets (Greyhound will also drop off passengers at the Oshawa GO Station upon request). Rail freight is carried on both the Canadian National and Canadian Pacific Railways which traverse the city. Other than Highway 2 (Ontario), which reverted to local jurisdiction (King Street and Bond Street) in 1998, the city had no provincially maintained highways until the original section of Highway 401 opened in 1947 (as Highway 2A). The highway originally terminated at Ritson Road, and was extended east through the remainder of the city to Newcastle in 1952. Oshawa was the only city that Highway 401 was built directly through, rather than bypassing. This resulted in the demolition of several streets and hundreds of homes in the 1930s and 1940s. The Port of Oshawa is a major stop for the auto and steel industries as well as winter road salt handling, and at present there is still a regional airport (see above).

Oshawa
in the 2001 census. In 2001, 49.3% of the population was male and 50.7% female. Children under five accounted for approximately 6.5% of the resident population of Oshawa. This compares with 5.8% in Ontario, and almost 5.6% for Canada overall. In mid-2001, 10.4% of the resident population in Oshawa were of retirement age (65 and over for males and females) compared with 13.2% in Canada, therefore, the average age is 35.8 years of age comparing to 37.6 years of age for all of Canada. In the five years between 1996 and 2001, the population of Oshawa grew by 10.2%, compared with an increase of 6.1% for Ontario as a whole. Population density of Oshawa averaged 328.0 people per square kilometre, compared with an average of 12.6, for Ontario altogether. According to the 2006 census, the Oshawa Census Metropolitan Area, which includes neighbouring Whitby and Clarington, has a population of 330,594. The information regarding ethnicities at the right is from the 2001 Canadian Census. The percentages add to more than 100% because of dual responses (e.g. "French-Canadian" generates an entry in both the category "French" and the category "Canadian".) Groups with greater than 10,000 responses are included. In 2006, 8.1% of the residents were visible minorities, 37.4% of whom were Black Canadians. [2] Religious profile • Protestant: 44.7%, Roman Catholic: 30.8%, other Christian: 3.3% • Muslim: 0.9%, Hindu: 0.4% Oshawa is also home to the Canadian headquarters of the Seventh-day Adventist church, who for many years maintained a college here, and currently run a high school and elementary school.

Demographics
Ethnic origin (multiple responses included) Canadian English Scottish Irish French German Dutch (Netherlands) Italian Polish Ukrainian Population Percent

117,010 97,125 63,380 59,740 32,085 22,380 15,085 13,985 11,490 11,035

39.86% 33.09% 21.59% 20.35% 10.93% 7.62% 5.14% 4.76% 3.91% 3.76%

Communities of Oshawa
The principal communities of Oshawa are: downtown Oshawa, Grandview Heights, Kedron, Kingsway Village, Lake Vista, North Oshawa and Thornton Woods.

Downtown Oshawa
Downtown Oshawa, located at the intersection of King and Simcoe, is the oldest Downtown core in the Durham Region. Historic

According to the 2006 census, population of Oshawa is 141,590, up from 139,051 (1.8 %)

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buildings in Downtown Oshawa include the old post office, the old Town Hall (1838; now a Bargain shop), the head office of Lovell Drugs (1846), and the Shoppers Drug Mart (1885). The Four Corners of downtown Oshawa are divided into four parts: East Four Corners, West Four Corners, North Four Corners, and South Four Corners. • West Four Corners was constructed in 1841 and has some of the high-end stores in the downtown core, such as Mike’s Place and The Bargain Shop. It also has the historic mall from the 1890s. • South Four Corners, located on Simcoe St South with over 10 stores including a very reputable cafe called Rossoco’s Sweet Shop. It also has the oldest church in the Downtown district: Simcoe Street United (1868). • East Four Corners, located on King Street East. It was constructed in 1847, and has the famous Regent theatre and Lovell Drugs. It has more than 10 stores and 20 businesses, and is notable for having the tallest building in Durham Region: the Alger Building, which is 5 floors high.

Oshawa
commercialized area of strip malls, most notably the Kingsway Village Plaza; the whole commercial area is named The Booth by local residents. It is unclear precisely how the community received its name. It may have taken its name from Kingsway College, the former institution of postsecondary learning whose campus still remains in the neighbourhood. However, the college received that name in the early 60s, leading some to believe that it was renamed after the community. The community may also have received its name from the major arterial road running through it, King Street, of which "Kingsway" is a derivative. Lastly, the tradition may have derived from before either institution/road existed, something made believable by aptly named roads such as "Kingsway Gate," and "Kingswood Court," which are found inside the community. One other point of note about the community is a housing subdivision in its north end, "Kingsway Forest," in which every street in its southern portion is named after a car model.

Kedron
Kedron is a small community on the northern urbanized limits of Oshawa. It is home to Durham College, the University of Ontario Institute of Technology, and Camp Samac, a camp run by the Boy Scouts of Canada. It is centered on Conlin Road, between Ritson and Simcoe. The area’s elementary school is Kedron Public School. Kedron is also home to Windfields Farm. Although the area is becoming more urbanized, there are still a few farms in the community.

Lake Vista
Lake Vista is an old Oshawa neighbourhood located in the south part of the city. Its boundaries are Highway 401 to the north, the Lake Ontario to the south, the General Motors plant (aka Park Road) to the West, and Wilson Road to the east. The center of the community is a commercialized area, consisting mainly of strip malls, found near the intersection of Wentworth and Cedar.

North Oshawa
North Oshawa’s population is about 4,000. It has 7 or 8 schools and a couple nice community parks. The east limit is harmony Rd. and Somerville St. is the west limit. The north limit is Conlin Rd. and the southern limit is Rossland Rd. It is centered on the intersection of Ritson Road and Taunton Road, where a large commercialized area can be found, most notably Five Points Mall. This neighbourhood is also notable for having the greatest number of tall apartment buildings in the city of Oshawa.It also has 6 or 7 townhouses complexes where the kids find their home. One of the farms in North Oshawa is where Northern Dancer was born. It is also home to a Cineplex Odeon on the corner of

Kingsway Village
Kingsway Village is an old community centered on the intersection of Townline Road and King Street, on the boundary between Oshawa and Courtice. Its northern boundary is the northern limit of the Kingsway Forest subdivision; its southern and eastern boundaries are created by Farewell creek. The western boundary is up for debate; while it has been thought to be Harmony road, the presence of the Kingsway Motel at the intersection of King Street and Farewell Street make Farewell Street a possible boundary. At the center of the community, at King and Townline, is a large

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Grandview St. and Taunton Rd. Just to the west of that is a huge Walmart plaza. The community is served by 7 bus routes. There are a bunch of new subdivisions being built and it is a fastly developing area. It has 2 public libraries and is also home to Eastview Boys And Girls Club Northview Unit. Crime is not bad but every few weeks there is an armed robbery or an assault North Oshawa is also known as "New Oshawa" due to the obvious growth of brand new properties, and commercial plazas. There is also a new community centre, Legends C C. and a few separate and public schools. The "New Oshawa" term begun as a way to differentiate the north from the downtown and south Oshawa in order to break away from the stigma associated with larger cities (and speculatively, to separate itself from the negative stereotypes of the older parts of Oshawa) .

Oshawa
incorporation into a possible Greater Toronto Area amalgamation that would include it. This, however, may have simply reflected an overall dissatisfaction among citizens in the GTA when Metropolitan Toronto was itself amalgamated by the then-governing Progressive Conservative Party of Premier Mike Harris.

Notable people
• Philip Akin, actor

Thornton Woods
Thornton Woods is centered on the intersection of Thornton and Adelaide. The boundaries are considered to run from King St. northbound along Thornton, including sections east along Adelaide to Waverly, and to the western border of Oshawa and Whitby. Although Thornton Rd. extends far north onto Raglan Rd near Port Perry, "Thornton Woods" stops at either Rossland Rd, or further north at Taunton Rd. depending on traditional or contemporary boundaries.

Robert McLaughlin • Arnie Brown, NHL player • Lloyd Chadburn, Canadian WW II fighter pilot • A. J. Cook, actress • Dennis Edmonton, songwriter Born to be Wild • Jerry Edmonton, member of Steppenwolf • Mike Hall, guitarist for 80’s rock group the Killer Dwarfs • Shalom Harlow, Canadian supermodel and actress • Dale Hawerchuk, NHL player • Sandy Hawley, horse jockey • Greg Kean, actor • Donald Jackson, figure skater who won the bronze at the 1960 Olympics • John MacLean, NHL player • Kevin McClelland, NHL player • Robert Samuel McLaughlin ("Sam") founder of McLaughlin Buick, philanthropist, millionaire

Neighbours
Because Oshawa was for many years a separate and distinct city from Toronto, it remains in certain ways an urban centre unto itself, adjoined by several suburbs in its Census Metropolitan Area, which is entirely contained within the Greater Toronto Area. Unlike most Toronto bedroom communities, Oshawa experienced its fastest growth (which was locally self-sustained) well before Toronto spilled over the boundaries of the now-defunct Metropolitan Toronto in the 1970s and 1980s. Its industrial base and colourful labour history also make it an unusual kind of suburb. However, Oshawa is today considered to be part of the Greater Toronto Area. Despite this, in the mid 1990s, Oshawa residents still voted in a non-binding referendum to overwhelmingly reject any

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
• John J. McLaughlin inventor of Canada Dry Ginger Ale, and founder of Canada Dry, brother to Robert Samuel McLaughlin and son of Robert McLaughlin. • Andrew Nicholls, musician, writer, and producer • John Part, World Darts Champion • Wayne Petti and Paul Lowman, members of Cuff the Duke • Janice Tanton, noted contemporary Canadian artist, and cousin to jockey Sandy Hawley (above) • Jordan Todosey, child actor • Shawn Thornton, NHL player • Christopher E. Scott, film director • Barbara Underhill, figure skater • Lori Yates, country singer and songwriter • Darrell Vickers, musician, writer, and producer • Tonya Lee Williams, actress • Nigel Wilson, major league baseball player • Justin T. Milner, child actor • Suzie Pollard, actress • Kyle Smith, actor • Brandon Craggs, actor • Scott Brachmayer, Aviation Tycoon/ Germaphobe

Oshawa
• Legends Centre (North Oshawa Recreation Centre) • South Oshawa Community Centre • Heritage Oshawa • McLaughlin branch of the Oshawa Public Library • Oshawa Community Museum & Archives [3]

See also
• Camp X • Oshawa Car Assembly • Oshawa Truck Assembly

References

Cultural resources
• • • • • • • • Canadian Automotive Museum Oshawa Military and Industrial Museum Canadian Aviation Expo Robert McLaughlin Art Gallery Oshawa Downtown Murals Oshawa Little Theatre Oshawa Civic Auditorium General Motors Centre

[1] ^ "Community highlights for Oshawa", 2006 Census of Canada, Statistics Canada, http://www12.statcan.ca/ english/census06/data/profiles/ community/Details/ Page.cfm?Lang=E&Geo1=CSD&Code1=3518013&G retrieved on 2008-11-01. [2] Population and dwelling counts, for census metropolitan areas and census agglomerations, 2006 and 2001 censuses - 100% data [3] Rayburn, Alan, Place Names of Ontario, Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1997, p. 258. [4] Freelang Ojibwe Dictionary

External links
• City of Oshawa website • Oshawa Chamber of Commerce • Oshawa This Week online Coordinates: 43°53′N 78°52′W / 43.89°N 78.86°W / 43.89; -78.86

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oshawa" Categories: Oshawa, Settlements on the Great Lakes This page was last modified on 22 May 2009, at 14:37 (UTC). All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License. (See Copyrights for details.) Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a U.S. registered 501(c)(3) taxdeductible nonprofit charity. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers

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