Globalization in India
By Ambika Gogna, Jacqueline Blok,
Sakshi Shah, Solveig Lunde.
• “Globalization describes the process by which regional
economies, societies, and cultures have become integrated
through a global network of communication, transportation,
and trade. The term is sometimes used to refer specifically
to economic globalization: the integration of national
economies into the international economy
through trade, foreign direct investment, capital
flows, migration, and the spread of technology. However,
globalization is usually recognized as being driven by a
combination of economic, technological, sociocultural,
political, and biological factors. The term can also refer to
the transnational circulation of ideas, languages, or popular
culture through acculturation.” (Wikipedia, globalization
Advocates of globalization discuss that it provides poor countries and their citizens with a
chance to economically develop and raise their standards of living, however the adversary
of globalization state that the unfettered international free marked has been created to
benefit the multinational corporations in the western world at the expenditure of local
cultures, enterprises and people.
The resistance towards globalization has taken popular and governmental level shape as
the people and governments try to manage to flow of labor, goods, capital and ideas that
established the current wave of globalization.
“Globalization affects worldwide cultures, transforming the diversity of our world into
"Westernized" civilization, as well as internationally increasing financial inequality. I
personally deem globalization as the reason for disparity and poverty escalating in
developing and non-developing nations, due to the advances in technology. Globalization
is inevitable, but there are initiatives to preserve culture and prevent exploitation. Canada
being a developed nation who has great influence in the world, should strive to mitigate
the negative effects of globalization, if willing to do so.” (Globalization, an opinion letter in
Sociocultural Impacts of
By Ambika Gogna
Positive Impacts - Communication
• Indians are becoming more exposed to new technologies and new
ways of living. Communication is much easier due to the amount of cell
phone users India has. According to UTV Techtree, "97 percent of
Indians would Own Mobile Phones by 2014" This means that even
villagers who may not have access to landline telephones have access
to mobiles which helps them communicate better with each other
and/or to their children who have gone to the cities to study/work.
• With internet being in easy access with which has come various social
media such as Facebook, Yahoo Messenger etc has combined people
from various cities or countries.
Positive Impacts - Standard of Living
• People's lives are improved and are more comfortable with
better quality products because multi-national companies
are coming to India and indians have access to all of the
latest technologies, eg: Maruti Suzuki made cars accessible
to average middle class Indians as they were cheaper and
more fuel efficient.
• Electronics in each household such as fridges, washing
machines has made every day living more efficient.
Positive Impacts - Awareness
• Because of thousands of years of foreign invasions, India
had viewed foreigners with hostility but because of
Globalization and it's positive impact, they view them
• With access to technologies such as internet and TV,
indians are more aware of and open to different people
and their culture.
• Earlier in India, there was a lot of disparity in life due to
cast system, however awareness of human rights has
brought about more and more people standing up
themselves. Eg: Woman's rights, Dowry system.
Negative Impacts - Decline of Cultural Values
• With Globalization has come a whole new culture of
consumerism and materialism which has led to the focus of
life towards accumulation of wealth eg: bigger houses,
newest laptop etc.
• People are spending more of their time on their computers
and communicating through the social medias or occupying
themselves with video games or TV instead of doing
outdoor activities and interacting in real with friends.
Negative Impacts - Loss of culture
• Food - With the arrival of brands like Macdonald,
Pizzahut more and more people especially children prefer
to eat junk food instead of culturally suited foods.
• Festivals - More commercial are being celebrated as they
promote shopping instead of cultural festivals not directly
associated with shopping.
• Literature - more and more people are trying to learn
english at the cost of indian languages. Books written in
English are more commercially successful as compared to
regional language books.
• Music - children aren't learning classical instruments such
as sitar or tabla anymore but instead either the guitar or
the piano or drums.
Negative Impacts - Easy access to
• With Globalization, there has been an increasing trend of
teenage drinking and pregnancies.
• A lot of sexual references in media like TV, Newspapers,
Magazines which might be inappropriate for young readers.
The government should insist that advertisements should
promote indian culture. It should also give funds to indian
artists and authors to promote indian arts. They and public
instituions should also launch information campaigns to
educate indians about their own heritage. Government should
promote indian culture overseas so that indian culture
becomes part of the global culture. Bollywood Movies and
Indian Restaurants and Indian Fashion are already spreading
indian culture all over the world.
• About Globalization Thoughts from India. Dir. na na. Perf.
Bhupesh Daheria, Anita Patil Deshmukt. Google Video,
• "India News." Techtree. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Nov. 2010.
• Kinnvall, Catarina. Globalization and religious nationalism
in India the search for ontological security. London:
Routledge, 2006. Print.
• "Standard of living in India - Wikipedia, the free
encyclopedia." Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. N.p.,
n.d. Web. 25 Nov. 2010.
• "Teenage Drinking - Alcohol and Teen Drinking India,
Technology impacts of
Globalization in India
By Solveig Tveter Lunde
•India’s big and highly skilled
technological/IT work-force attracts
companies to India because relative to
other countries India has low salaries
for technical educated staff. This mean
they can produce goods and services
•Use of technology and globalization makes it
possible to serve costumers and businesses
from India. This means that companies can
establish offices in India as part of their global
production and thereby create career
opportunities for people in India which is
•India has a good reputation globally
regarding technology which make them
attractive as a technology center for
businesses from other countries. This
creates more jobs in India.
•Higher demands and pressure from
countries outside India on their highly skilled
technical work-force, can lead to India loosing
their best people. That can happen because
the workers wants better salaries and better
jobs so they accept the job offers from the
countries outside India and India.
•Globalization and technology can increase
the differences between rich/poor and
increase the pressure on living in the cities vs.
living in the country side. Since many of the
poor people are living outside cities and does
not have the needed technological
competence, it is preventing them benefitting
from the positive sides.
•The technical advantage India has
may be copied by other countries and
replace India’s position. This is due to
the fact that technology can be copied
and delivered from many places. Also,
technology may require big up-front
investments which India may not
•Keep on/up competitive advantage by maintaining a high
technological competence level In their education system.
•Actively use benefits of technology to position India for the
future and make a specific plan for dealing with the
negatives. This can be done by using the surplus from
technology to invest in infrastructure, public health and
•Be careful on stimulating the economy too much to avoid
high salary increases and thereby weakening their
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Economics at About.Com -- Your Portal to the World of Economics. Web. 25 Nov.
•Technology Solutions India. Web. 25 Nov.
Impacts of globalization on the
environment in india
by Jacqueline BLok
• One of the most visible positive effects of globalization in India is the flow
of foreign capital. A lot of companies have directly invested in India, by
starting production units in India, but what we also need to see is the
amount of FII that flows into the developing countries. Indian companies,
which have been performing well, both in India and off the shores, will
attract a lot of foreign investment, and thus pushes up the reserve of
foreign exchange available in India. This is also one of the positive effects
of globalization in US and other developed countries as developing
countries give them a good investment proposition. Organizations
monitoring climate change as well as those, which look at the welfare of
our animals and marine life, are undoubtedly one of the positive effects of
globalization on the environment. This will help in the conservation and
preservation of the environment in India so as to minimize or prevent
further destruction of the environment.
• While it is generally assumed that all the innovations happen in the
Western world, due to globalization, the know-how also comes into
developing countries due to globalization. Without globalization, the
knowledge of new inventions, medicines would remain cooped up in the
countries that came up with them and no one else would benefit. But due
to improved political ties, there is a flow of information both ways. And this
point - the spread of know-how, can also be expanded to include
economic and political knowledge, which too has spread far and wide.
Advances in technology can also help benefit the environment if new
equipment can be created in order to maintain the balance of our eco-
system and preserve our environment.
• “India’s real culture is still preserved in rural life. New advancement of
technology has not much influence in rural areas. People still prefer to wear
dresses of old fashion and celebrate festivals in old styles. Folk dances and
folk songs are still popular among villagers. Culture is still untouched and
unaffected by western influence. Globalization has no impact on rural life as
standards of living are suboptimal but migration of people is taking place
and poor people are moving to urban areas in search of employment.”
(Hubpages, globalization and the impact on employment education and
rural culture in India).
Culture takes an important role in the environment of a particular country. As
stated above India’s culture is unaffected by globalization which is a positive
factor as the citizens keep to their traditions etc. also they also share the same
belief which avoids conflict within the country. culture provides a healthy and
peaceful environment for citizens to live in, as they share thoughts, ideas and
often think in the same way.
• An important factor of the economical growth and
development in a country is tourism. Tourism develops the
social and economical aspects of a particular country, in this
A major part of tourism takes place in the urban areas of a country and a minor part of tourism takes place in
the rural areas. This can be a disadvantage to the population living in the rural environment due to the lack of
income, which is partially provided by tourism. As tourism has it's benefits however only relying on tourism,
as a source of development will bring about losses and negative effects. Such as the importance of local
tourism industry, consolidation of local environment, potentials of tourists and their activities, authority of local
cultures and customs.
A village's environment may be put at risk considering the expenses needed to be met, in order to rely on
Therefore in this case, tourism is more of a negative factor towards the environment of India due to the
damages caused in the rural areas. Tourism is not a stable source for the country’s income, therefore if India
were to only be dependant on tourism their economy might fail hence having bad impacts of the environment.
"Semnan Province has a diversity of rural residential areas and tourist attraction sites, and the most attractive
sites which enjoy a higher potential for tourism enter this study." (Effects of positive and negative rural
tourism, environmental portal).
• The term environmental pollution refers to the ways, by which people
pollute their surroundings, including air, water, and soil. Environmental
pollution is a result of the active interaction of socio-economic,
technological and institutional activities.
Environmental pollution is one of the most serious issues faced by the Indian
citizens especially in the urban areas. Industrialization and the growing
number or vehicles take a large part in the pollution of India. “Environmental
changes may be driven by many factors including economic growth,
population growth, urbanization, intensification of agriculture, rising energy
use and transportation” (environment and health in India, environmental
• Poverty can be a result of environmental issues, whether it is in the air,
water or soil, pollution in these particular areas can cause threat to urban
and rural life.
Agriculture takes a large part in India, as it is their main source of income.
However crops would fail due to the phenomenon amounts of rubbish
dumped into the environment which piles up and eventually may damage
fertile grounds causing the economy to fail in India, since it is heavily
depended on their agriculture as their main source of income. Not only will it
damage their economic growth, but also their fragile ecosystems for example
damaging the food chain in the animal kingdom as some animals feed on the
• Overpopulation causes the lack of employment in India and
hence labor is extremely cheap in India.
Over population can cause shortages of basic necessities among the
society. Most common in the less developed/rural areas of India. The
citizens don't receive enough food, shelter or water to sustain a healthy
environment. Diseases are very common amongst these particular areas,
if they do not have a proper and healthy lifestyle in a clean environment.
Therefore a solution to over population is child birth control. For example
they could include the rule “one child policy” like China, or contraceptive
sterilization among the male and female population. However sterilization
is not the best option we can go for due to personal agreement and
“Some religious and conservative groups are opposed. "To prevent
pregnancy is not to prevent a disease — indeed, contraception and
sterilization pose their own unique and serious health risks to the patient,"
the U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops wrote in letter to the Department
of Health and Human Services in October.” (world population awareness,
family planning need seen in study).
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Globalization and the