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Charlotte, North Carolina

Charlotte, North Carolina
City of Charlotte - City - Density - Metro Time zone - Summer (DST) Area code(s) FIPS code GNIS feature ID Website
From top-left: Bank of America Corporate Center, Billy Graham Library, U.S. National Whitewater Center, LYNX Rapid Transit Train, Charlotte skyline.

671,588 (19th) 2,515.7/sq mi (971.3/km2) 1,701,799 EST (UTC-5) EDT (UTC-4) 704, 980 37-12000[2] 1019610[3] www.charmeck.org

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Nickname(s): "The Queen City", "The QC", "The Hornet’s Nest", "Crown Town"

Location in Mecklenburg County in the state of North Carolina

Coordinates: 35°13′37″N 80°50′36″W / 35.22694°N 80.84333°W / 35.22694; -80.84333 Country State County Mecklenburg County Government - Mayor Area - City - Land - Water Elevation Pat McCrory, (R) 280.5 sq mi (629.0 km2) 279.9 sq mi (627.5 km2) 0.6 sq mi (1.6 km2) 751 ft (229 m) United States North Carolina

Population (2007)[1]

Charlotte (pronounced /ˈʃɑrlət/) is the largest city in the state of North Carolina and the seat of Mecklenburg County. In 2007, Charlotte’s population was estimated to be 671,588,[1] making it the 19th largest city in the United States. A resident of Charlotte is referred to as a Charlottean. Nicknamed the Queen City, Charlotte (as well as the county containing it) is named in honor of the German Princess Charlotte of Mecklenburg, who had become queen consort of British King George III the year before the city’s founding. A second nickname derives from later in the 18th century. During the American Revolutionary War, British commander General Cornwallis occupied the city but was driven out soon afterwards by hostile residents, prompting him to write that Charlotte was "a hornet’s nest of rebellion," leading to another city nickname: The Hornet’s Nest. In 2007, the Charlotte metropolitan area had an estimated population of 1,701,799. The Charlotte metropolitan area is part of a wider thirteen-county labor market region or combined statistical area that has an estimated population of 2,277,074.[4] Forbes named Charlotte as the third most undervalued real estate markets in the U.S. in 2007.[5] In 2008, Charlotte was chosen the "Best Place to Live in America" by relocateAmerica.com in its annual ranking, based on factors including employment opportunities, crime rates, and housing affordability.[6] It was also named #8 of the 100 "Best Places to Live and Launch" by CNNMoney.com - cities picked for their vibrant lifestyles and opportunities for new businesses.[7] Lifestyle was also noted when Prevention Magazine rated

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the Queen City 4th in the nation and the best "Walking City" in North Carolina in 2007[8] and Self Magazine named Charlotte one of “Five Cities with Big Outdoor Appeal” for features like its Public Art Walking Tour, accessible museums such as the Mint Museum of Craft + Design, and nearby outdoor excursions like the U.S. National Whitewater Center.

Charlotte, North Carolina
Tryon is known as "Trade & Tryon" or simply "The Square."[9] It is more properly called Independence Square.[12] Both the town (now a city) and its county (originally a part of Anson County) are named for Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, the German-born wife of British King George III. The town name was chosen in hopes of winning favor with the crown,[13] but tensions between the United Kingdom and Charlotte Town began to grow as King George imposed unpopular laws on the citizens in response to the townspeople’s desire for independence.[14] On May 20, 1775, the townsmen allegedly signed a proclamation later known as the Mecklenburg Declaration of Independence, a copy of which was sent, though never officially presented, to the Continental Congress a year later.[15] The date of the declaration appears on the North Carolina state flag. Eleven days later, the same townsmen met to create and endorse the Mecklenburg Resolves, a set of laws to govern the newly independent town.[16] Charlotte was a site of encampment for both American and British armies during the Revolutionary War and, during a series of skirmishes between British troops and Charlotteans, the village earned the lasting nickname "Hornet’s Nest" from frustrated Lord General Charles Cornwallis.[17] An ideological hotbed of revolutionary sentiment during the Revolutionary War and for some time afterwards, the legacy endures today in the nomenclature of such landmarks as Independence Boulevard, Independence High School, Independence Center, Freedom Park, Freedom Drive, and the former NBA team Charlotte Hornets. Churches, including Presbyterians, Baptists, Methodists, Episcopalians, Lutherans, and Catholics, began to form in the early 1800s, eventually giving Charlotte its nickname "The City of Churches."[18] In 1792 the eastern half of Mecklenburg county made up of small rural independent farmers tired of traveling all day by horse and buggy to the county seat of Charlotte Town decided to go to Raleigh and secede to form its own county in the state legislature where they garnered a tie vote that was broken by an ex-naturalized Frenchman, eastern NC legislator Stephen Cabarrus. Cabarrus was thought to have been paid under the table by this new county and was allegedly hanged for horse thievery years later.

History

Birthplace Replica of James K. Polk on Outskirts of Charlotte, North Carolina The area that is now Charlotte was first settled in 1755 when Thomas Polk (uncle of United States President James K. Polk), who was traveling with Thomas Spratt and his family, stopped and built his house of residence at the intersection of two Native American trading paths between the Yadkin and Catawba rivers.[9] One of the paths ran north-south and was part of the Great Wagon Road; the second path ran east-west along what is now modern-day Trade Street. In the early part of the 18th century, the Great Wagon Road led settlers of Scots-Irish and German descent from Pennsylvania into the Carolina foothills. Within the first decades following Polk’s settling, the area grew to become the community of "Charlotte Town," which officially incorporated as a town in 1768.[10] The crossroads, perched atop a long rise in the Piedmont landscape, became the heart of modern Uptown Charlotte. In 1770, surveyors marked off the new town’s streets in a grid pattern for future development. The east-west trading path became Trade Street, and the Great Wagon Road became Tryon Street, in honor of William Tryon, a royal governor of colonial North Carolina.[11] The intersection of Trade and

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The new county was named for Cabarrus and town of Concord or agreement. Oddly in 1799 or years before as many believe, in Cabarrus allegedly a 12-year-old Conrad Reed brought home a large gold rock he found in Little Meadow Creek, weighing about 17 pounds, which the family used as a bulky doorstop. Three years later, a jeweler determined that it was near solid gold, and bought it for a paltry $3.50.[19] The first verified gold find in the fledgling United States, young Reed’s discovery became the genesis of the nation’s first gold rush. Many veins of gold were found in the area throughout the 1800s and even into the early 1900s, thus the founding of the Charlotte Mint in 1837 for minting local gold. The state of North Carolina "led the nation in gold production until the California Gold Rush of 1848,"[20] although the total volume of gold mined in the Charlotte area was dwarfed by subsequent rushes. Charlotte’s city population at the 1880 Census grew to 7,084.[21] Some locally based groups still pan for gold occasionally in local (mostly rural) streams and creeks. The Reed Gold Mine operated until 1912. The Charlotte Mint was active until 1861, when Confederate forces seized the mint at the outbreak of the Civil War. The mint was not reopened at the end of the war, but the building survives today, albeit in a different location, now housing the Mint Museum of Art. The city’s first boom came after the Civil War, as a cotton processing center and a railroad hub. Population leapt again during World War I, when the U.S. government established Camp Greene north of present-day Wilkinson Boulevard. Many soldiers and suppliers stayed after the war, launching an ascent that eventually overtook older and more established rivals along the arc of the Carolina Piedmont.[22] The city’s modern-day banking industry achieved prominence in the 1970s and 1980s, largely under the leadership of financier Hugh McColl. McColl transformed North Carolina National Bank (NCNB) into a formidable national player that, through a series of aggressive acquisitions, eventually became Bank of America. Another bank, First Union, experienced similar growth, and is now known as Wachovia after a merger. Today, measured by control of assets, Charlotte is the second largest banking headquarters in the United States after New York City.[23]

Charlotte, North Carolina
In 1989, the city took a direct hit from Hurricane Hugo. Passing through Charlotte as a Category 1 hurricane with wind gusts over 100 mph (160 km/h) in some locations, Hugo caused massive property damage and knocked out electrical power to 98% of the population. Many residents were without power for several weeks and cleanup took months to complete. The city is just over 200 miles inland, and many residents from coastal areas in both Carolinas often wait out hurricanes in Charlotte. The city was caught unprepared, as almost no one expected a storm to strike with hurricane force this far inland. Over 80,000 trees were destroyed in Charlotte. In December 2002, Charlotte (and much of central North Carolina) was hit by a massive ice storm (which some dubbed, "Hugo on Ice") that knocked out power to over 1.3 million Duke Energy customers. According to a Duke Energy representative: "This ice storm surpasses the damage from Hurricane Hugo in 1989, which had 696,000 outages." During an abnormally cold December, many were without power for more than two weeks. Much of the damage was caused by Bradford pear trees which, still having leaves on December 4, split apart under the weight of the ice.

Geography and climate
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 242.9 square miles (629 square kilometers). Out of that, 242.3 sq. mi. (627.5 km²) of it is land and 0.6 sq. mi. (1.6 km²) of it is water. The total area is 0.25% water. Charlotte constitutes most of Mecklenburg County in the Carolina Piedmont. Uptown/ downtown Charlotte sits atop a long rise between two creeks and was built on the gunnies of the St. Catherine’s and Rudisill gold mines. There is much disagreement about the use of the interchangeable terms "Uptown" and "Downtown" for the center city area. Prior to the late 1980s, the term "Downtown" was always used as a reference for Charlotte’s center city area and many area residents still use the "Downtown" term. On February 14, 1987, the Charlotte Observer began calling the center city area "Uptown" in order to help promote a positive image of the area.[24]

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Month Avg high [°F](°C) Avg low [°F](°C) Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun 80 87 (27) (31)

Charlotte, North Carolina
Jul 90 (32) 71 (22) Aug 88 (31) 69 (21) Sep 82 (28) 63 (17) Oct Nov 73 63 (23) (17) Dec 54 (12)

51 (11) 56 (13) 32 (0)

64 (18) 73 (23)

34 (1) 42 (6)

49 (9) 58 66 (14) (19)

51 42 (6) 35 (2) (16)

4.00 3.55 4.39 2.95 2.66 3.42 3.79 3.72 3.83 3.66 3.36 3.18 Rainfall (inches)(millimeters) (101.6) (90.2) (111.5) (74.9) (93) (86.9) (96.3) (94.5) (97.3) (93) (85.3) (80.8) Charlotte’s elevation is 748 feet above sea level (at Charlotte/Douglas International Airport). A 2007 American Lung Association report[25] ranks Charlotte as having the 16th highest levels of smog among U.S. cities; however, the region’s air quality has improved significantly in recent years, and is expected to continue to do so, even with increasing travel.[26] Charlotte is located in North America’s humid subtropical climate zone. On average it receives 44 inches of rain and 4 inches of snow per year. The city has cool to cold winters and warm, humid summers. In January, morning lows average around 0 °C (32 °F) and afternoon highs average 11 °C (51 °F). In July, lows average 22 °C (71 °F) and highs average 32 °C (90 °F). The highest recorded temperature was 40 °C (104 °F) on September 6, 1954 and during the August 2007 Southeastern heat wave.[27] The lowest recorded temperature was -21 °C (-6 °F) in January 1985. Charlotte’s location puts it in the direct path of subtropical moisture from the Gulf as it heads up the eastern seaboard along the jet stream, thus the city receives ample precipitation throughout the year but also a very large number of clear, sunny, and pleasantly warm days. On average, Charlotte receives about 1105.3 mm (43.52 in) of precipitation annually, including 5 inches of snow and more frequent ice-storms.

Economy
Charlotte has become a major U.S. financial center, and the nation’s largest financial institution by assets, Bank of America, calls the city home. The city was also the former corporate home of Wachovia until its purchase by Wells Fargo in 2008; Wells Fargo continues to operate Wachovia as a wholly-owned subsidiary, with its east coast headquarters in Charlotte. Bank of America’s headquarters, along with other regional banking and financial services companies, are located primarily in the uptown financial district. Thanks in large part to the expansion of the city’s banking industry, the Charlotte skyline has mushroomed in the past two decades and boasts the Bank of America Corporate Center, the tallest skyscraper between Philadelphia and Atlanta. The 60-story postmodern gothic tower, designed by renowned architect Cesar Pelli, stands 871 feet tall and was completed in 1992. The following Fortune 500 companies are headquartered in the Charlotte metropolitan area, in order of their rank: Bank of America, Lowe’s in suburban Mooresville, Nucor (steel producer), Duke Energy, Sonic Automotive, Family Dollar, Goodrich Corporation, and SPX Corporation (industrial technology). Other major companies headquartered in the Metro Charlotte include Time Warner Cable (a business unit of Fortune 500 company Time Warner), Continental Tire North America (formerly Continental/General Tire), Muzak, Belk, Harris Teeter, Meineke Car Care Centers, Lance, Inc, Bojangles’, Carlisle Companies, LendingTree, Compass Group USA, Food Lion, and the Carolina Beverage Corporation (makers of Cheerwine, Sun Drop, and others) in suburban Salisbury,

Cityscape
See also: Charlotte neighborhoods and List of tallest buildings in Charlotte Charlotte has 199 neighborhoods which span from Uptown to Ballantyne. In the next few years, Uptown will undergo a massive construction phase with buildings from Bank of America, Wachovia and multiple condos. Elizabeth Avenue will also be under construction for a major mixed-use complex, The Metropolitan, and residence buildings.

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North Carolina. Charlotte is home to several large shopping malls, with Carolina Place Mall and SouthPark Mall being the largest. Also, neighboring Gastonia is home to the Parkdale Mills world headquarters. Concord Mills Mall is also the largest shopping outlet in the state and one of the largest in the nation and single biggest draw in NC and its exterior is lined with many trendy colorful restaurants that parallel Myrtle Beach. Charlotte is also a major center in the US motorsports industry, with NASCAR having multiple offices in and around Charlotte. Approximately 75% of the NASCAR industry’s employees and drivers are based within two hours of downtown Charlotte. Charlotte is also the future home of the NASCAR Hall of Fame, expected to be completed in 2009. The already large presence of the racing technology industry along with the newly built NHRA premier dragstrip, zMAX Dragway at Concord, located just north of Charlotte, is influencing some of the top professional drag racers to move their shops from more expensive areas like California to the Charlotte area as well. The center city/uptown area of Charlotte has seen remarkable growth over the last decade. Numerous residential units continue to be built uptown, including over 20 skyscapers either under construction, recently completed, or in the planning stage. Many new restaurants, bars and clubs now operate in the Uptown area. Several projects are transforming the Midtown Charlotte/Elizabeth area.

Charlotte, North Carolina
has served as mayor since his election in 1995. Charlotte holds elections for mayor every two years, with the next election in 2009. Although it has elected Republican mayors since 1987, Charlotte tends to lean Democratic. However, voters are friendly to moderates of both parties. Republican strength is concentrated in the southeastern portion of the city, while Democratic strength is concentrated in the south-central, eastern and northern areas. The city council comprises 11 members (7 from districts and 4 at-large). The Democrats currently control the council with an advantage of 7-to-4. While the city council is responsible for passing ordinances, many policy decisions must be approved by the North Carolina General Assembly as well, since North Carolina municipalities do not have home rule. Since the 1960s, however, municipal powers have been broadly construed. Charlotte is split between three congressional districts on the federal level--the 8th, represented by Democrat Larry Kissell; the 9th, represented by Republican Sue Myrick; and the 12th, represented by Democrat Mel Watt. The Charlotte-Mecklenburg Police Department (CMPD) is a combined jurisdiction agency. The CMPD has law enforcement jurisdiction in both the City of Charlotte and the unincorporated areas of the County of Mecklenburg; however, several smaller towns, such as Matthews, maintain their own law enforcement agencies for their own jurisdictions. The Department consists of approximately 1600 sworn, armed, law enforcement officers, and several hundred civilian support personnel. The Charlotte-Mecklenburg Police Department divides the city into 13 geographic areas, which vary in size both geographically and by the number of officers assigned to each division. See also: List of mayors of Charlotte, North Carolina, Charlotte mayoral election, 2007, and List of city council members in Charlotte

Law, government and politics
Charlotte has a council-manager form of government. The Mayor and city council are elected every two years, with no term limits. The mayor is ex officio chairman of the city council, and only votes in case of a tie. Unlike other mayors in council-manager systems, Charlotte’s mayor has the power to veto ordinances passed by the council; vetoes can be overridden by a two-thirds majority of the council. The council appoints a city manager to serve as chief administrative officer. Unlike other cities and towns in North Carolina, elections are held on a partisan basis. The current mayor of Charlotte is Pat McCrory, of the Republican Party. McCrory

Crime
Charlotte has a crime rate above the national average. The total crime index for Charlotte is 648.0 crimes committed per 100,000 residents as of 2007. The national average is

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320.9 per 100,000 residents.[28] The Charlotte-Gastonia Metropolitan Statistical Area ranked as the 12th "Most Dangerous Metro Area", by Morgan Quitno Press for the year of 2006.[29] According to the Congressional Quarterly Press; ’2008 City Crime Rankings: Crime in Metropolitan America, Charlotte, North Carolina ranks as the 62nd most dangerous city larger than 75,000 inhabitants.[30] However, the entire Charlotte-Gastonia Metropolitan Statistical Area ranked as 27th most dangerous out of 338 metro areas.[31]

Charlotte, North Carolina
• In 2005, CMS became the first large school district in the nation to receive a district-wide accreditation quality achievement award from the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools (SACS). CMS was also honored by SACS as a high-quality school district. • In 2005, four CMS high schools were ranked among the nation’s top 100 by Newsweek magazine, and 14 were ranked among the top 900 for providing students access to the most challenging academic courses. CMS has more students enrolled in Advanced Placement courses than do many states, and was the first district in North Carolina to offer the prestigious International Baccalaureate Diploma.Secular and religious private schools are prominent, from wellestablished schools with large campuses to others that are small and new. The relatively recent phenomenon of charter schools, independently operated public schools, are another education option.

Education and Libraries
School System
The city’s public school system, CharlotteMecklenburg Schools, is the second largest in North Carolina and 20th largest in the nation.[32] About 132,000 students are taught in 161 separate elementary, middle and high schools. • For many years, Charlotte-Mecklenburg Schools (CMS) has sought to become the premier urban, integrated system in the nation. At its inception, that vision was audacious, viewed by many as completely unattainable. Years later, significant work remains. But it is also true that a focus on equity and student success, coupled with unwavering commitment and hard work by many people and agencies, has brought us to excellence in many ways. The goal of being the premier urban system no longer seems audacious. Instead, over the past decade, many national experts and observers have singled out CMS as one of the best school districts in America. Some examples: • In 2002, CMS was one of four school districts across the country recognized by the Council of the Great City Schools for improving academic achievement and narrowing the achievement gap. CMS has also been recognized by the council as a school district “Beating the Odds” by improving academic achievement for all students despite high levels of poverty and other risk factors. • In 2004, CMS was a finalist for the national Broad Prize, which recognizes the top urban school districts for improving academic achievement and narrowing the achievement gap.

Colleges and Universities
See also: List of schools in Charlotte

The west side of UNC Charlotte’s main campus Charlotte’s largest higher education institution, the University of North Carolina at Charlotte, is located in University City, as the northeastern portion of Charlotte is called. At 24,000 students and counting, it is the fastest-growing university in the state system and the fourth largest. The area is also home to University Research Park, a 3,200 acre (13 km²) research and corporate park. Central Piedmont Community College has multiple campuses, all in the Charlotte metro area, and is the largest community college in

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North Carolina or South Carolina.[33] Charlotte is home to a number of notable private universities and colleges such as Johnson & Wales University, Queens University of Charlotte, Johnson C. Smith University, a separate branch of Pfeiffer University, and a nationally ranked liberal arts college, Davidson College; the latter being 20 miles north of Charlotte. Belmont Abbey College is located across the Catawba River in neighboring Gaston County In fall 2006 the city was excited to have its first law school, the Charlotte School of Law, open its doors. The school recently moved into a new state-of-the-art facility just outside the west side of uptown in the historic Bryant Park district.

Charlotte, North Carolina
Andrew Carnegie donated $25,000 dollars for a library building on the condition that the city of Charlotte donate a site, and $2500 per year for books and salaries,[35] and that the state grant a charter for the library. All conditions were met, and the Charlotte Carnegie Library opened in a imposing classical building on July 2, 1903. The 1903 state charter also required that a library be opened for the disenfranchised African-American population of Charlotte. This was completed in 1905, with opening of the Brevard Street Library for Negroes, an independent library[36] in Brooklyn, a historically black area of the city of Charlotte, on the corner of Brevard and East Second Street (now Martin Luther King Blvd.) The Brevard Street Library was the first library for free blacks in the state of North Carolina,[36] some sources say in the southeast.[37] This library was closed in 1961 when the Brooklyn neighborhood in Second Ward was redeveloped, but its role as a cultural center for African-Americans in Charlotte is continued by the Beatties Ford branch, the West branch and the Belmont Center branch of the current library system, as well as by Charlotte’s African-American Cultural Center.

Libraries
Public Library of Charlotte and Mecklenburg County

People and culture
Demographics
Facade of the Main Library in Charlotte The Public Library of Charlotte and Mecklenburg County serves the Charlotte area with a large collection (over 1.5 million) of books, CDs and DVDs at 19 locations in the city of Charlotte. There are also branches in the surrounding townships of Matthews, Mint Hill, Huntersville, Cornelius and Davidson. All locations provide free access to Internetenabled computers and WiFi and a library card from one location is accepted at all 24 locations. Although the Library’s roots go back to the Charlotte Literary and Library Association, founded on January 16 1891,[34] the state-chartered Carnegie Library which opened on the current North Tryon site of the Main Library was the first non-subscription library opened to members of the public in the city of Charlotte. The philanthropist Historical populations[38][39][40] Census Population year 1860 1,366 1890 12,000 1900 19,000 1910 34,000 1940 100,899 1950 134,042 1960 201,564 1970 241,178 1980 315,473 1990 395,934 2000 540,828 2009 716,874 As of 2009, census estimates show there are 716,874 people living within Charlotte’s city limits, and 935,304 in Mecklenburg County. The Combined Statistical Area of CharlotteGastonia-Concord, NC-SC had a population of

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2,566,399 in 2009 Figures from the more comprehensive 2000 census show Charlotte’s population density to be 861.9/km² (2,232.4/ sq mi). There are 230,434 housing units at an average density of 951.2/sq mi (367.2/ km²).[41][42] According to the 2007 American Community Survey, the city’s population was:[43] • 57.4% Caucasian • 34.9% Black or African American • 10.6% Hispanic or Latino of any race • 4.4% Asian • 1.0% American Indian and Alaska Native • 0.1% Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander • 4.2% from some other race • 1.8% from two or more races The median income for a household in the city is $48,670, and the median income for a family is $59,452. Males have a median income of $38,767 versus $29,218 for females. The per capita income for the city is $29,825. 10.6% of the population and 7.8% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 13.8% of those under the age of 18 and 9.7% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.

Charlotte, North Carolina

The Billy Graham Library and Birth Place in Charlotte, NC Charlotte is the seat of the bishop of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Charlotte. The largest Christian congregation within Charlotte is that of St. Matthew Catholic Church. The Traditional Latin Mass is offered by the Society of St. Pius X at St. Anthony Catholic Church in nearby Mount Holly. The Traditional Latin Mass is also offered at St. Ann, Charlotte, a church under the jurisdiction of the Roman Catholic Bishop of Charlotte. The African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church (AME Zion) is headquartered in Charlotte. There are also several other religious institutions in the Charlotte area, including two Unitarian Universalist Churches and the Eidolon Foundation.[44] The Salvation Army’s headquarters for the North and South Carolina Division is located in Charlotte, as well as many local corps community centers and Boy’s and Girl’s Clubs.

Religion
The birthplace of Billy Graham, Charlotte was and still is locally known as the "The City of Churches." Of those who practice a religion, most Charlotteans are Christians of various Protestant denominations. Throughout much of its history Presbyterian churches were the most prominent in Charlotte (Charlotte is the historic seat of Southern Presbyterianism), but the changing demographics of the city’s rapidly increasing population have brought scores of new denominations and faiths to the city. The Billy Graham Evangelistic Association, Wycliffe Bible Translators’ JAARS Center, and SIM Missions Organization also make their homes in Charlotte. In total, Charlotte proper lays claim to more than 700 places of worship. The Baptist Peace Fellowship of North America is headquartered in Charlotte, and both Reformed Theological Seminary and Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary have campuses there; more recently, the Religious Studies academic departments of Charlotte’s local colleges and universities have also grown considerably.

Media Sports

Transportation
Mass transit
See also: LYNX Rapid Transit Services The Charlotte Area Transit System (CATS) is the agency responsible for operating mass transit in Charlotte, and Mecklenburg County. CATS operates light rail transit, historical trolleys, express shuttles, and bus service serving Charlotte and its immediate suburbs. The LYNX light rail system comprises a

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Club Carolina Panthers Charlotte Bobcats Sport Football Basketball Founded League 1995 2004 1993 1976 1993 1993 National Football League

Charlotte, North Carolina
Venue Bank of America Stadium Time Warner Cable Arena Time Warner Cable Arena Knights Stadium, Fort Mill, SC Waddell Stadium Waddell Stadium Bojangles’ Coliseum Skillbeck Athletic Grounds Grady Cole Center NWA Charlotte Coliseum[45]

National Basketball Association ECHL International League USL-2 W-League American Indoor Football Association Rugby Super League Women’s Flat Track Derby Association National Wrestling Alliance

Charlotte Checkers Ice hockey Charlotte Knights Charlotte Eagles Charlotte Lady Eagles Carolina Speed Charlotte Rugby Football Club Charlotte Roller Girls NWA Charlotte Baseball Soccer Soccer

Indoor football 2006 Rugby union Flat Track Roller Derby Professional Wrestling 1989 2006 2009

LYNX Light Rail opened in November 2007 9.6-mile line north-south line known as the Blue Line. Bus ridership continues to grow (66% since 1998), but more slowly than operations increases which have risen 170% in that same time when adjusted for inflation.[46] The 2030 Transit Corridor System Plan looks to supplement established bus service with light rail & commuter rail lines as a part of a system dubbed LYNX. People board a LYNX train on Stonewall station intersecting near the city’s center. Charlotte’s beltway, designated I-485 and simply called "485" by locals, is partially completed but stalled for funding. The new projection has it slated for completion by 2013.[47] Upon completion, 485 will have a total circumference of approximately 67 miles (108 km). Within the city, the I-277 loop freeway encircles Charlotte’s downtown (usually referred to by its two separate sections, the John Belk Freeway and the Brookshire Freeway) while Charlotte Route 4 links major roads in a loop between I-277 and I-485.

Roads and Highways
Charlotte’s central location between the population centers of the northeast and southeast has made it a transportation focal point and primary distribution center, with two major interstate highways, I-85 and I-77,

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Charlotte, North Carolina
to the north, and Greenville, Atlanta, Birmingham and New Orleans to the south. The Carolinian train connects Charlotte with New York, Philadelphia, Baltimore, Washington, Richmond, Raleigh, Durham and Greensboro. The Piedmont train connects Charlotte with Raleigh, Durham and Greensboro. The Amtrak station is located at 1914 North Tryon Street. The city is currently planning a new centralized multimodial train station called the Gateway Station. It is expected to house the future LYNX Purple Line, the new Greyhound bus station, and the Crescent line that passes through Uptown Charlotte.

Charlotte commuters on the heavily-travelled Independence Blvd (U.S. Highway 74) in rush hour traffic

Air

Sister cities
Charlotte has seven sister cities:[49] • • • • • • • Arequipa, Peru (1962) Baoding, China (1987) Krefeld, Germany (1985) Kumasi, Ghana (1995) Limoges, France (1992) Voronezh, Russia (1991) Wrocław, Poland (1993)

See also
Air Force One takes off from Charlotte/ Douglas International Airport, with the Charlotte skyline in the background Charlotte/Douglas International Airport is the 30th busiest airport in the world, as measured by traffic[48] It is served by many domestic airlines, as well as international airlines Air Canada and Lufthansa, and is the largest hub of US Airways. Nonstop flights are available to many destinations across the United States, as well as flights to Canada, Central America, the Caribbean, Europe, and Mexico. • • • • • • • • Financial Centre Charlotte metropolitan area Hurricane Hugo I-85 Corridor Mecklenburg County List of people from Charlotte Piedmont Crescent May 1989 tornado outbreak

References
[1] ^ "Annual Estimates of the Population for Incorporated Places Over 100,000, Ranked by July 1, 2007 Population". US Census Bureau. http://www.census.gov/ popest/cities/tables/SUBEST2007-01.csv. Retrieved on 2008-04-10. [2] "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved on 2008-01-31. [3] "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey.

Intercity rail
Charlotte is served daily by three Amtrak routes. The Crescent train connects Charlotte with New York, Philadelphia, Baltimore, Washington, Charlottesville, and Greensboro

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2007-10-25. http://geonames.usgs.gov. Retrieved on 2008-01-31. [4] "Table 2. Annual Estimates of the Population of Combined Statistical Areas: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2007". US Census Bureau. http://www.census.gov/ popest/metro/tables/2007/CBSAEST2007-02.csv. Retrieved on 2008-12-18. [5] [1] [6] Charlotte-Named-Best-Place-to-Live: Personal Finance News from Yahoo! Finance [7] [2] [8] [3] [9] ^ "The Charlotte-Mecklenburg Story: History Timeline: Founding a New City". cmstory.org Web Site. Public Library of Charlotte and Mecklenburg County. http://cmstory.org/history/timeline/ default.asp?tp=3&ev=21. Retrieved on 2008-10-25. [10] Mecklenburg County, North Carolina USGenWeb Project [11] "The Charlotte-Mecklenburg Story: History Timeline: Designing a New City". cmstory.org Web Site. Public Library of Charlotte and Mecklenburg County. http://cmstory.org/history/timeline/ default.asp?tp=3&ev=35. Retrieved on 2008-10-25. [12] "101 Independence Center". http://101independencecenter.com/. Retrieved on 2008-10-15. [13] "The Charlotte-Mecklenburg Story: History Timeline: Charlotte Incorporated". cmstory.org Web Site. Public Library of Charlotte and Mecklenburg County. http://cmstory.org/ history/timeline/ default.asp?tp=3&ev=34. Retrieved on 2008-10-25. [14] "The Charlotte-Mecklenburg Story: History Timeline: King’s Power". cmstory.org Web Site. Public Library of Charlotte and Mecklenburg County. http://cmstory.org/history/timeline/ default.asp?tp=4&ev=38. Retrieved on 2008-10-25. [15] The Charlotte-Mecklenburg Story: History Timeline: Mecklenburg Declaration [16] "The Charlotte-Mecklenburg Story: History Timeline: Mecklenburg Resolves". cmstory.org Web Site. Public Library of Charlotte and Mecklenburg

Charlotte, North Carolina
County. http://cmstory.org/history/ timeline/default.asp?tp=4&ev=47. Retrieved on 2008-10-25. [17] "The Charlotte-Mecklenburg Story: History Timeline: Revolutionary War". cmstory.org Web Site. Public Library of Charlotte and Mecklenburg County. http://cmstory.org/history/timeline/ default.asp?tp=5&ev=0. Retrieved on 2008-10-25. [18] "The Charlotte-Mecklenburg Story: History Timeline: The City of Churches". cmstory.org Web Site. Public Library of Charlotte and Mecklenburg County. http://cmstory.org/history/timeline/ default.asp?tp=6&ev=90&evArrayNum=18. Retrieved on 2008-10-25. [19] Blanchard Online: American Rarities (Retrieved on 05-22-07) [20] This entire scenario has been questioned over the ages since it seemed to be a very odd timely coincidence that large gold quantities and deposits were discovered at roughly the same time these eastern Mecklenburg farmers wanted to split away and form their own county leading many to believe it was a rigged and in the end we know Mecklenburg lost half its county size including all the gold and in the end only got to be a federal mint for this first discovery in America of this extremely valuable ore as hundreds of mines sprang up all the new county mining many mega millions that in today’s prorated values would total in the tens of billions of more. Most of the poor farmers thus became very wealthy selling or renting their farmland to the gold mine companies. This massive gold rush lasted 50 years or until the 1849 discovery of gold in northern California hills west [sic] of San Francisco [sic] and Sacramento that created the second great American gold rush boom town. In retrospect it seems fairly obvious as many knew in those olden days that Mecklenburg county as a whole was quite literally tricked and robbed of half its land size and all of its gold plus the historical significance of being the original place of gold discovery by a mere band of uneducated farmers. Much of this version of events has been covered up or lost in time. In those early days not long after the Revolutionary

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War of 1776 it was not uncommon for secessionism to prevail, but in hindsight the massive scheming trickery of these rural farmers to prevail in Raleigh, literally stealing 50% of the county away and all of the gold, is quite stunning and breathtaking; but it has been forgotten over the more than 200 years. This highly engineered secessionist success could go down as one of the greatest masterminded plots in US history and much bigger than even today’s Ponzi schemes. Also using the small boy with the doorstop myth may go down as one of the all time greatest ploys. The Charlotte Branch Mint [21] "The Charlotte-Mecklenburg Story". cmstory.org Web Site. Public Library of Charlotte and Mecklenburg County. http://www.cmstory.org/. Retrieved on 2008-10-25. [22] "The Charlotte-Mecklenburg Story: History Timeline: Antebellum Days". cmstory.org Web Site. Public Library of Charlotte and Mecklenburg County. http://cmstory.org/history/timeline/ default.asp?tp=7&ev=0. Retrieved on 2008-10-25. [23] "The Charlotte-Mecklenburg Story: History Timeline: 80s Charlotte". cmstory.org Web Site. Public Library of Charlotte and Mecklenburg County. http://cmstory.org/history/timeline/ default.asp?tp=19&ev=0. Retrieved on 2008-10-25. [24] "The Charlotte-Mecklenburg Story: History Timeline: ’Down’ becomes ’Up’". cmstory.org Web Site. Public Library of Charlotte and Mecklenburg County. http://www.cmstory.org/history/timeline/ default.asp?tp=19&ev=370. Retrieved on 2008-10-25. [25] American Lung Association, Annual Air Quality Report Card (2007) [26] "Charlotte: Regional Trends" (PDF). 2007 John Locke Foundation. 2. http://www.johnlocke.org/site-docs/ traffic/03Charlotte.pdf. Retrieved on 2007-10-18. [27] Weather History [28] http://www.city-data.com/city/CharlotteNorth-Carolina.html [29] http://www.statestats.com/cit07pop.htm [30] http://os.cqpress.com/citycrime2008/ citycrime2008.htm

Charlotte, North Carolina
[31] http://os.cqpress.com/citycrime/ MetroCrime2008_Rank_Rev.pdf [32] http://media.newsobserver.com/content/ news/education/wake/story_graphics/ 20071012_wschools.jpg Media.newsobserver.com [33] CHLT - Colleges [34] "Public Library of Charlotte and Mecklenburg County: A century of service". cmstory.org Web Site. Public Library of Charlotte and Mecklenburg County. http://cmstory.org/exhibit/plcmc/ 1.htm. Retrieved on 2008-10-25. [35] "Public Library of Charlotte and Mecklenburg County: A century of service". cmstory.org Web Site. Public Library of Charlotte and Mecklenburg County. http://cmstory.org/exhibit/plcmc/ 2.htm. Retrieved on 2008-10-25. [36] ^ "Public Library of Charlotte and Mecklenburg County: A century of service". cmstory.org Web Site. Public Library of Charlotte and Mecklenburg County. http://cmstory.org/exhibit/plcmc/ 3.htm. Retrieved on 2008-10-25. [37] "charmeck.org Web Site". http://www.charmeck.org/Departments/ Planning/Whats+New/ History+of+Second+Ward.htm. Retrieved on 2008-10-25. [38] Gibson, Campbell (June 1998). "Population of the 100 Largest Cities and Other Urban Places in the United States: 1790 to 1990". U.S. Bureau of the Census - Population Division. http://www.census.gov/population/www/ documentation/twps0027.html. Retrieved on 2008-10-25. [39] "Hornet’s Nest: The story of Charlotte and Mecklenburg County". cmstory.org Web Site. Public Library of Charlotte and Mecklenburg County. http://cmstory.org/ history/hornets/great.htm. Retrieved on 2008-10-25. [40] "US POPULATION HISTORY FROM 1850: 50 LARGEST CITIES". http://www.publicpurpose.com/dmuscty.htm. [41] "Mecklenburg County MapStats from FedStats". US Census Bureau. http://www.fedstats.gov/qf/states/37/ 37119.html. Retrieved on 2008-04-10. "Population of Census records circa 2006" [42] "Charlotte city, North Carolina - ACS Demographic and Housing Estimates:

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Charlotte, North Carolina

2006". US Census Bureau. [49] Charlotte’s Sister Cities http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/ ADPTable?_bm=y&geo_id=16000US3712000&• Hanchett, Thomas W. . 380 pages. qr_name=ACS_2006_EST_G00_DP5&University of North Carolina Press. August context=adp&-ds_name=&1, 1998. ISBN 0-8078-2376-7. tree_id=306&-_lang=en&• Kratt, Mary Norton. . 293 pages. John F. redoLog=false&-format=. Retrieved on Blair, Publisher. September 1, 1992. ISBN 2008-04-10. "Charlotte Demographics 0-89587-095-9. and Population circa 2006" • Kratt, Mary Norton and Mary Manning [43] http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/ Boyer. . 176 pages. University of North ADPTable?_bm=y&-context=adp&Carolina Press. October 1, 2000. ISBN qr_name=ACS_2007_3YR_G00_DP3YR5&0-8078-4871-9. ds_name=ACS_2007_3YR_G00_&• Kratt, Mary Norton. . Public Library of tree_id=3307&Charlotte and Mecklenburg County in redoLog=true&-_caller=geoselect&Association with John F. Blair, Publisher. geo_id=16000US3712000&August 1, 2001. ISBN 0-89587-250format=&-_lang=en Factfinder.census.gov [44] Eidolon Foundation - Home [45] http://www.nwacharlotte.com/ • Official Charlotte-Mecklenburg County NC NWACharlotteColiseumSeatingChart.pdf website NWA Charlotte Coliseum • Charlotte Area Transit System (CATS) [46] http://www.charlotte.com/transit/story/ • Charlotte travel guide from Wikitravel 242097.html • ‹The template WikiMapia is being [47] News 14 | 24 Hour Local News | TOP considered for deletion.› STORIES • Charlotte at WikiMapia [48] http://www.aci.aero/cda/aci/display/main/ aci_content.jsp?zn=aci&cp=1-5-54-57_9_2__

Further reading

External links

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charlotte,_North_Carolina" Categories: Charlotte, North Carolina, Cities in North Carolina, Mecklenburg County, North Carolina, Charlotte metropolitan area, County seats in North Carolina, Settlements established in 1755 This page was last modified on 22 May 2009, at 03:37 (UTC). All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License. (See Copyrights for details.) Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a U.S. registered 501(c)(3) taxdeductible nonprofit charity. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers

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