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University of Texas at Austin

University of Texas at Austin
The University of Texas at Austin

Logos are a trademark of The University of Texas at Austin

Motto: Motto in English: Established: Type: Endowment: President: Provost: Faculty: Staff: Undergraduates: Postgraduates: Location: Campus: Former names: Sports: Colors: Nickname: Mascot: Website:

Disciplina praesidium civitatis (Latin) Cultivated mind is the guardian genius of democracy[1] 1883 Flagship state university US$7.2 billion (2007-2008)[2] William C. Powers, Jr. Steven W. Leslie[3] 2,500[4] 14,000 37,406 11,348 Austin, Texas, U.S. Urban, 350 acres (1.4 km²) University of Texas (1883-1967)[5] Texas Longhorns Burnt orange and white[6] Longhorns Bevo & Hook ’em www.utexas.edu

The University of Texas at Austin (also referred to as the University of Texas, UT Austin, UT, or Texas) is a public research university located in Austin, Texas, United States, and is the flagship institution of The University of Texas System.[7][8][9][10] The main campus is located approximately 1 mile (1.6 km) from the Texas State Capitol. UT Austin was named one of the original eight Public Ivy institutions.[11] Founded in 1883, the university has had the fifth-largest singlecampus enrollment in the nation as of fall 2007 (and had the largest enrollment in the country from 1997–2003), with over 50,000 undergraduate and graduate students and 16,500 faculty and staff.[4] It currently holds the largest enrollment of all colleges in the state of Texas.[12] The university operates various auxiliary facilities aside from the main campus, including the J. J. Pickle Research Campus. UT Austin is a major center for academic research, annually exceeding $500 million in funding.[4] In addition, the university was recognized by Sports Illustrated as "America’s Best Sports College" in 2002.[13] Its sports program has been dubbed the most successful in all of college sports.[14]

History
The first mention of a public university in Texas can be traced to the 1827 constitution for the Mexican state of Coahuila y Tejas. Although an article promised to establish public education in the arts and sciences, no action was ever taken by the Mexican government. But after Texas obtained its independence from Mexico in 1836, the Congress of Texas adopted the Constitution of the

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Republic, which included a provision to establish public education in the republic, including two universities or colleges. On January 26, 1839, the Congress of Texas agreed to eventually set aside fifty leagues of land towards the effort; in addition, 40 acres (160,000 m2) in the new capital of Austin were reserved and designated "College Hill."[15] In 1846, Texas was annexed into the United States. The state legislature passed the Act of 1858, which set aside $100,000 in United States bonds towards construction of a university. In addition, the legislature designated land, previously reserved for the encouragement of railroad construction, toward the universities’ fifty leagues. However, Texas’s secession from the Union and the American Civil War prevented further action on these plans.

University of Texas at Austin
referred to as the old Main Building in late 1882. The university opened its doors on September 15, 1883.

Expansion and growth

The university’s Old Main Building in 1903 After the war, the 1862 Morrill Act facilitated the creation of Texas A&M University, which was established in 1876 as the Agricultural & Mechanical College of Texas.[15] The Texas Constitution of 1876 mandated that the state establish a university "at an early day," calling for the creation of a "university of the first class", styled "The University of Texas." It revoked the endowment of the railroad lands of the Act of 1858 but appropriated 1,000,000 acres (4,000 km2) in West Texas. In 1883, another two million were granted, with income from the sale of land and grazing rights going to The University of Texas and Texas A&M.[15] In 1881, Austin was chosen as the site of the main university, and Galveston was designated the location of the medical department. On the original "College Hill," an official ceremony began construction on what is now

The UT Austin Tower, completed in 1937, stands 307 ft (94 m) tall and dons different colors of lighting on special occasions. The old Victorian-Gothic Main Building served as the central point of the campus’s 40-acre (160,000 m2) site, and was used for nearly all purposes. But by the 1930s, discussions arose about the need for new library space, and the Main Building was razed in 1934 over the objections of many students and faculty. The modern-day tower and Main Building were constructed in its place. In 1910, George Brackenridge donated 500 acres (2.0 km2) located on the Colorado River to the university . A vote by the regents to move the campus to the donated land was met with outrage, and the land has only been used for auxiliary purposes such as graduate student housing. Part of the tract was sold in the late-1990s for luxury housing, and there are controversial proposals to sell the remainder of the tract.

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As a result of the controversy, in 1921, the legislature appropriated $1,350,000 for the purchase of land adjacent to the main campus. But expansion was hampered by the constitutional restriction against funding the construction of buildings. With the discovery of oil on university-owned grounds in 1923, the institution was able to put its new wealth towards its general endowment fund. These savings allowed the passing of amendments to make way for bond issues in 1931 and 1947, with the latter expansion necessary from the spike in enrollment following World War II. The university built 19 permanent structures between 1950 and 1965, when it was given the right of eminent domain. With this power, the university purchased additional properties surrounding the original 40 acres (160,000 m2).

University of Texas at Austin
and Latin America.[16] In August 2008, the AT&T Executive Education and Conference Center opened for conferences, seminars and continuing education and executive-education programs. The hotel and conference center are part of a new gateway to the university extending the South Mall. Later the same month, after three years of renovations were completed, Darrell K Royal-Texas Memorial Stadium became the largest stadium (by seating capacity) in the state of Texas. In addition to numerous improvements, DKR now seats 94,113, up from the previous 85,123.[17] In 2009, demolition of the old Experimental Sciences Building (ESB) was completed and construction began to replace the old ESB with a new ESB that will be named The Norman Hackerman Building (NHB) in honor and memory of Dr. Norman Hackerman, chemist, professor and president emeritus.[18]

Recent history
On August 1, 1966, UT student Charles Whitman barricaded himself in the observation deck of the tower of the Main Building with a sniper rifle and various other weapons. He killed 14 people on campus and wounded many more. Following the Whitman incident, the observation deck was closed until 1968, and then closed again in 1975 following a series of suicide jumps during the 1970s. In 1998, after installation of security fencing and other safety precautions, the tower observation deck reopened to the public. Completed in 1969, Jester Center was the largest residence hall in North America and was the largest building project in university history. It includes two towers: a 14-level and 10-level residences with a capacity of 3,200. The first presidential library on a university campus was dedicated on May 22, 1971 with former President Johnson, Lady Bird Johnson and then-President Richard Nixon in attendance. Constructed on the eastern side of the main campus, the Lyndon Baines Johnson Library and Museum is one of twelve presidential libraries administered by the National Archives and Records Administration. UT has experienced a wave of new construction recently with several significant buildings. On April 30, 2006, UT opened a new 155,000-square-foot (14,400 m2) facility named the Blanton Museum of Art. The museum, the largest university art museum in the United States, is home to more than 17,000 works from Europe, the United States

Campus
See also: List of University of Texas at Austin buildings UT property totals 850 acres (340 ha), comprised of the 350 acres (140 ha) for the main campus and other land for the J. J. Pickle Research Campus in north Austin and the other properties throughout Texas.

Battle Hall One of the university’s most visible features is the Beaux-Arts Main Building, including a 307-foot (94 m) tower designed by Paul Philippe Cret.[19] Completed in 1937, the Main Building is located in the middle of campus. The tower usually appears illuminated in white light in the evening but is lit orange for various special occasions, including athletic victories and academic accomplishments; it is conversely darkened for solemn

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occasions.[20] At the top of the tower is a carillon of 56 bells, the largest in Texas. Songs are played on weekdays by resident carillonneur Tom Anderson, in addition to the usual pealing of Westminster Quarters every quarter hour between 6 a.m. and 9 p.m. The tower went through a few periods of being closed to the public (due to the 1966 Whitman Massacre[21] and multiple suicide jumps); however, in 1998, after the installation of security and safety measures, the observation deck reopened to the public indefinitely for weekend tours.[22]

University of Texas at Austin
The university continues to expand its facilities on campus. In February 2006, the Board of Regents voted to update and expand the football stadium, and in March 2006 the student body passed a referendum to build a new Student Activities Center next to Gregory Gym on the east side of campus, pending final approval by the Board of Regents. According to The Daily Texan, the project is estimated to cost $51 million and is set to open between fall 2010 and fall 2012. Funding will primarily come from students, raising tuition by a maximum of $65 per semester.[28] The university operates a public radio station, KUT, which provides local FM broadcasts as well as live streaming audio over the Internet. The university uses Capital Metro to provide bus transportation for students around the campus and throughout Austin.

Architecture
UT’s architecture reflects a wide range of eras and styles, but the original forty acres is noted for its Classical continuity, humanistic natural relief, and striking aesthetic appeal. There has been much criticism about buildings from the 1960s - 80’s, which often seem out of place relative to Cass Gilbert’s original master plan. The infamous Jester Dormitory, PCL, and other monolithic concrete and brick buildings take the brunt of criticism, however, there utilitarian performance was necessary during times when the University experienced unprecedented growth. The most praised buildings include those in the West Mall, such as Battle Hall, the Main Building, the Texas Union Building, as well as Goldsmith Hall. (the Architecture Building) The University of Texas at Austin campus, as mentioned before, is replete with natural relief. Some features include turtle ponds, benched gardens, stately trees, and other natural sanctuaries for wildlife, especially birds. The Life Science library as well as the Architecture Library are two of the most regarded spaces on campus. With Classical quotations inscribed into the ceilings, large wooden beams, dappled light, carved wooden furniture, and granite sculptures, these spaces are favorite places for students to study and relax. The South Mall, located directly in front of the Tower opens up to the famous lawn. This area features a line of

The Littlefield House, used today by the university’s Office of Resource Development, was constructed in 1893 and is listed in the National Register of Historic Places. The university is home to 7 museums and 17 libraries, which hold over eight million volumes.[23] The holdings of the university’s Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center include one of only 21 remaining complete copies of the Gutenberg Bible and the first permanent photograph, View from the Window at Le Gras, taken by Nicéphore Niépce.[24] The newest museum, the Blanton Museum of Art, opened in April 2006 and hosts approximately 17,000 works from Europe, the United States, and Latin America. UT has an extensive underground tunnel system that links many of the buildings.[25] The tunnel system is used for communications and utility service. It is closed to the public and is guarded by silent alarms. The university also operates a 1.1 megawatt TRIGA nuclear reactor at the J.J. Pickle Research Campus.[26][26][27]

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sight known as one of the "capitol corridors". From in front of the tower one can look forward and see the Texas State Capitol, the Frost Bank Building, as well as many other prominent Austin landmarks.

University of Texas at Austin
The McCombs School of Business was ranked first in undergraduate and graduate accounting programs,[43][44][45] the #3 undergraduate and graduate MIS programs,[46][47] the #2 undergraduate marketing program,[48] the #4 management research productivity,[49] the #10 overall-undergraduate business program (#3 among public universities),[50][51] and the #18 (fulltime) MBA program.[52] A 2005 Bloomberg survey also ranked the school #5 among all business schools and #1 among public business schools for the largest number of alumni who are S&P 500 CEOs.[53] Similarly, a 2005 USA Today report ranked the university as "the number one source of new Fortune 1000 CEOs". While UT Austin does not have a medical school, it houses medical programs associated with other campuses and allied health professional programs, which has contributed to the College of Pharmacy’s #2 2008 national ranking by U.S. News and World Report.[54][55] Other programs highly ranked by U.S. News and World Report include the #7 College of Education,[56][57] the #10 Cockrell School of Engineering,[58] and the #15 School of Law.[59] Additionally, the university’s library system—its main campus library the Perry-Castañeda Library—ranks #6 among academic libraries in the nation.[60]

Academic profile
Rankings
U.S. University Rankings
ARWU World[29] CMUP[30] THES World[31] USNWR National University[32] USNWR Business[33] USNWR Law[34] USNWR Engineering[35] USNWR Education[36] 38 6 70 47 18 15 10 7

McCombs School of Business In 2004, the Times Higher Education Supplement (THES) ranked UT as the 15th best school in the world.[37] The only public American school to rank ahead was University of California, Berkeley. More recently, UT Austin placed 70th and 51st in the THES rankings in 2008 and 2007, respectively.[38] The university has ranked #12 among public schools (U.S. News & World Report, 2008),[39] #19 nationally (The Washington Monthly, 2007),[40] and #38 in an academic ranking of world universities (Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 2007).[41] Seven UT Austin doctoral programs ranked in the top 10 in the nation for 2008, with 22 departments also in the top 25.[42]

Proctor’s Mustangs (1948) overlooking the Engineering Sciences buildings

Colleges and schools
The university contains sixteen colleges & schools and two academic units, each listed with its founding date:[61] • Cockrell School of Engineering (1894) • College of Pharmacy • School of Architecture (1951)

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• College of Communication (1965) • College of Education (1905) • College of Fine Arts (1938) • College of Liberal Arts (1883) • College of Natural Sciences (1883) • Continuing Education (1909) • Graduate Studies (1910) • Jackson School of Geosciences (2005) • LBJ School of Public Affairs (1970) • McCombs School of Business (1922)

University of Texas at Austin

• School of Admission Information (1948) • School of Law (1883) • School of Nursing (1976) • School of Social Work (1950) • School of Undergraduate Studies (2008) Relief sculpture in UT Austin’s Texas Memorial Museum As a state public university, UT Austin is subject to Texas House Bill 588, which guarantees graduating Texas high school seniors in the top 10% of their class admission to any public Texas university. This figure can be misleading considering the broad range of programs UT offers. Students in the top 10% are not guaranteed their choice of major. Roughly 90% of admitted applicants are admitted in this manner. For others who go through the traditional application process, selectivity at UT Austin is deemed "more selective" according to the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching.[63] In fall 2006, a total of 27,315 applications were received and 13,305 were admitted (48.7%). In fall 2007, 27,232 applications and 13,781 students were admitted (50.6%).[64] The class of 2013 acceptance rate was approximately 44%. Selectivity at the University of Texas Austin is projected to increase with the impending removal of the top 10% rule and push for more out of state students. The class of 2015 acceptance rate will likely fall between 30-40%.

UT Austin offers more than 100 undergraduate and 170 graduate degrees. In the 2003-2004 academic year, the university awarded a total of 13,065 degrees: 68.6% bachelor’s degrees, 21.7% master’s degrees, 5.2% doctoral degrees, and 4.5% other professional degrees.[62] Although UT is one of the nations largest research universities it has invested appropriate time and money to create nurturing undergraduate honors programs that are among the most respected in the country. For example, many students in the Plan II Honors Program become Rhodes, Marshall, Truman, or Fullbright Scholars. There are 6 honors programs spanning most academic fields: • Plan II Honors (A highly selective honors major requiring an extensive core curriculum similar to the University of Chicago) • Liberal Arts Honors (Also a highly selective liberal arts honors program, but younger than Plan II. LAH offers special honors sections of introductory courses taught by some of the most dynamic and accomplished professors at UT) • Business Honors (A honors program for the top McCombs business students) • Turing Scholars (A computer science honors program that emphasizes undergraduate research) • Engineering Honors (A highly selective Engineering Honors program) • Dean’s Scholars (A honors program for the top Math and Science students)

Faculty and research
See also: List of University of Texas at Austin faculty In Fall 2007, UT Austin employed 2,300 fulltime faculty members, 51% of them tenured. The student-to-faculty ratio is 19.23.[65] The university’s faculty includes winners of the Nobel Prize, the Pulitzer Prize, the National Medal of Science, the National Medal of Technology, the Turing Award and numerous other awards. The university exceeds $446 million in annual research funding[66] and has earned

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University of Texas at Austin
50 states and more than 100 foreign countries, most notably, South Korea, followed by India, the People’s Republic of China, Mexico and the Republic of China, are represented.[71] The average SAT score for entering Fall 2004 freshmen was a 1230 out of 1600, although for more selective majors like Plan II, Business, Engineering, and Architecture the average SAT score was 100-200 points higher.

Residential life

View of downtown Austin from Main Mall, south of the Main Building more than 400 patents since its founding. (Licensing deals generate more than $5 million annually for the university.)[67]

Endowment
The university has an endowment of $7.2 billion, out of the $16.11 billion (according to 2008 estimates) available to the University of Texas. This figure reflects the fact that UT Austin has the largest endowment of any public university in the nation. 30% of the university’s endowment comes from Permanent University Fund (PUF), with nearly $15 billion in assets as of 2007.[68][69] Proceeds from lands appropriated in 1839 and 1876, as well as oil monies, comprise the majority of PUF. At one time, the PUF was the chief source of income for Texas’s two university systems, The University of Texas System and the Texas A&M University System; today, however, its revenues account for less than 10 percent of the universities’ annual budgets. This has challenged the universities to increase sponsored research and private donations. Privately funded endowments contribute over $2 billion to the University’s total endowment value. The university is one of only two public universities in the U.S. that have a triple-A credit rating from all three major credit rating agencies, along with the University of Virginia.[70] The Texas longhorn serves as the mascot for UT Austin. The campus is currently home to fourteen residence halls, the last of which opened for residence in Spring 2007. On-campus housing can hold more than 7,100 students.[72] Jester Center is the largest residence hall with its capacity of 2,945.[73] Academic enrollment exceeds the capacity of on-campus housing; as a result, most students must live in private residence halls, housing cooperatives, apartments, or with Greek organizations and other off-campus residences. The Division of Housing and Food Service, which already has the largest market share of 7,000 of the estimated 27,000 beds in the campus area, plans to expand to 9,000 beds in the near future.[74]

Student organizations
The university recognizes more than 1,000 student organizations.[75] In addition, it supports three official student governance organizations that represent student interests to faculty, administrators, and the Texas Legislature. Student Government, established in 1902, is the oldest governance organization and represents student interests in general.[76] The Senate of College Councils

Student life
The university enrolls 37,377 undergraduate, 11,533 graduate and 1,467 law students. The student population includes students from all

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represents students in academic affairs and coordinates the college councils,[77] and the Graduate Student Assembly represents graduate student interests.[78] The Texas Union Student Events Center serves as the hub for student activities on campus.[79] The Friar Society serves as the oldest honor society at the university. [80] The Texas 4000 for Cancer student organization is the longest annual charity bicycle ride in the world and has raised over $1.4 million dollars for cancer research from its founding in 2004 to April, 2009.[81]

University of Texas at Austin
Office of the Dean of Students’ mission statement, Greek Life promotes the principles of cultural appreciation, scholarship, leadership, and service.[84] While there are no fraternity and sorority houses located on-campus, the majority are located west of The Drag in the neighborhood called West Campus.

Media
See also: Texas Student Media Students express their opinions in and outside of class through periodicals including Study Breaks Magazine, The Daily Texan (the most award-winning daily college newspaper in the United States),[85] and the Texas Travesty. Over the airwaves students’ voices are heard through K09VR and KVRX. The Computer Writing and Research Lab of the university’s Department of Rhetoric and Writing also hosts the Blogora, a blog for "connecting rhetoric, rhetorical methods and theories, and rhetoricians with public life" by the Rhetoric Society of America.[86]

Traditions
A student giving the Hook ’em Horns hand gesture at a Longhorn football game Traditions at UT Austin are perpetuated through several school symbols and mediums. At athletic events, students frequently sing "Texas Fight," the university’s fight song while displaying the Hook ’em Horns hand gesture—the gesture mimicking the horns of the school’s mascot, Bevo the Texas longhorn.

Greek life
See also: List of fraternities and sororities at University of Texas at Austin The University of Texas at Austin is home to an active Greek community. The first UT Greek chapter, was the Texas Rho chapter of Sigma Alpha Epsilon and was founded in 1882; the year before the university first opened its doors.[82] Over 11 percent of undergraduate students make up the nearly 4,500 members. With more than 50 national fraternity and sorority chapters, the university’s Greek community is one of the largest in the nation. These chapters are under the authority of one of UT Austin’s five Greek council communities, Interfraternity Council, National Pan-Hellenic Council, Texas Asian Pan-Hellenic Council, United Greek Council and University Panhellenic Council.[83] Other registered student organizations also name themselves with Greek letters and are called affiliates. They are not a part of one of the five councils but have all of the same privileges and responsibilities of any other organization.[82] According to the

Athletics

Texas Longhorns logo The University of Texas offers a wide variety of varsity and intramural sports programs. As of 2008, the university’s athletics program ranked fifth in the nation among Division I schools, according to the National Association of Collegiate Directors of Athletics.[87] Due to the breadth of sports offered and the

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quality of the programs, Texas was selected as "America’s Best Sports College" in a 2002 analysis performed by Sports Illustrated.[88] Texas was also listed as the number one Collegiate Licensing Company client for the second consecutive year in regards to the amount of annual trademark royalties received from the sales of its fan merchandise. But this ranking is based only on clients of the Collegiate Licensing Company, which does not handle licensing for approximately three dozen large schools including Ohio State, USC, UCLA, Michigan State, and Texas A&M.[89][90]

University of Texas at Austin
NCAA Tournament Sweet Sixteen in 2002, the Final Four in 2003, the Sweet Sixteen in 2004, and the Elite Eight in 2006 and 2008. The university’s baseball team is considered one of the best in the nation with more trips to the College World Series than any other school, with wins in 1949, 1950, 1975, 1983, 2002 and 2005. Additionally, the university’s highly successful men’s and women’s swimming and diving teams lay claim to sixteen NCAA Division I titles.[97] In particular, the men’s team is under the leadership of Eddie Reese, who served as the head men’s coach at the 1992 Olympic Games in Barcelona, the 2004 Games in Athens and the 2008 games in Beijing.

Varsity sports

President Bush with Coach Mack Brown and the 2005 National Champion Texas Longhorns football team The university’s men’s and women’s athletics teams are nicknamed the Longhorns. A charter member of the Southwest Conference until its dissolution in 1996, Texas now competes in the Big 12 Conference (South Division) of the NCAA’s Division I-FBS. Texas has won 47 total national championships,[91] 39 of which are NCAA national championships.[92] The University of Texas has traditionally been considered a college football powerhouse.[93][94][95] At the start of the 2007 season, the Longhorns were ranked third in the all-time list of both total wins and winning percentage.[96] The team experienced its greatest success under coach Darrell Royal, winning three national championships in 1963, 1969, and 1970. It won a fourth title under head coach Mack Brown in 2005 after a 41-38 victory over previously undefeated Southern California in the 2006 Rose Bowl. In recent years, the men’s basketball team has gained prominence, advancing to the

Texas entry in the 2007 Red River Shootout

Rivalries
One of the university’s main athletic rivals is Texas A&M University Aggies.[98] The two schools have acknowledged the importance of this rivalry by creating the State Farm Lone Star Showdown series, which encompasses all sports where both schools field a varsity team. The football game played between the two schools is the third longestrunning rivalry in the nation and is the longest-running rivalry for both schools. The game is traditionally played on Thanksgiving day. Both schools hold a rally before the annual football game — Texas hosts the Hex Rally, and students at Texas A&M host the Aggie Bonfire (although it is no longer an officially sanctioned Texas A&M event after the deaths of 12 students in 1999). But it has been argued that the Longhorns’ biggest rival in football is the University of Oklahoma Sooners.[99] The football game between Texas and Oklahoma is known as the Red River Rivalry (formerly known as the Red River Shootout) and is held

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annually in Dallas, Texas, at the Cotton Bowl. In recent years, this rivalry has been particularly spirited, due in part to the fact that at least one school has been ranked in the top five nationally at game time. Other schools, such as Arkansas and Texas Tech, also count Texas among their rivals.[100][101][102] In addition, the university has numerous practice, training, and intramural facilities.

University of Texas at Austin

Alumni

Former First Lady Laura Bush ’73 received an M.L.S. from UT Austin. UT Austin alumni in academia include the 26th President of The College of William & Mary Gene Nichol ’76, the 10th President of Boston University Robert A. Brown ’73 & ’75,[107] and the 8th President of the University of Southern California John R. Hubbard. The University also graduated Alan Bean ’55, the fourth man to walk on the Moon. Additionally, alumni of the university who have served as business leaders include ExxonMobil Corporation CEO Rex Tillerson ’75, Dell founder and CEO Michael Dell, and Gary C. Kelly, CEO of Southwest Airlines. In literature and journalism, UT Austin has produced Pulitzer Prize winners Gail Caldwell and Ben Sargent ’70. Walter Cronkite, the former CBS Evening News anchor once called the most trusted man in America, attended The University of Texas at Austin, as did CNN anchor Betty Nguyen ’95. Alumnus J. M. Coetzee also received the 2003 Nobel Prize in Literature. Novelist Raymond Benson (’78) was the official author of James Bond novels between 1996 - 2002, the only American to be commissioned to pen them. Donna Alvermann, a distinguished research professor at the University of Georgia,

Michael Dell started PC’s Limited (the precursor to Dell Computers) while at UT Austin. Over 15 UT Austin graduates have served in the U.S. Senate and U.S. House of Representatives, such as Lloyd Bentsen ’42, who served as both a U.S. Senator and U.S. Representative, as well as being the 1988 Democratic Party Vice Presidential nominee.[103] Cabinet members of American presidents include former United States Secretary of State James Baker ’57,[104] former United States Secretary of Education William J. Bennett, and former United States Secretary of Commerce Donald Evans ’73. Former First Lady Laura Bush ’73 and daughter Jenna ’04 both graduated from UT Austin,[105] as well as former First Lady Lady Bird Johnson ’33 & ’34 and her eldest daughter Lynda. In foreign governments, the university has been represented by Fernando Belaúnde Terry ’36 (42nd President of Peru), Mostafa Chamran (former Minister of Defense for Iran),[106] and Abdullah al-Tariki (co-founder of OPEC).

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University of Texas at Austin
’06.[112][113] Mary Lou Retton (the first female gymnast outside Eastern Europe to win the Olympic all-around title, five-time Olympic medalist, and 1984 Sports Illustrated Sportswoman of the Year) also attended the university.[114] These athletes’ achievements may not have been possible without the help of Gatorade, invented by UT Austin alum Dr. Robert Cade. Other notable alumni include prominent businessman Red McCombs and Diane Pamela Wood, a judge on the United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit.

See also
• List of University of Texas at Austin presidents • Institute for Computational Engineering and Sciences • Institute for Advanced Studies at Austin • ArchNet — A joint project between the university and MIT on Islamic architecture • Innovative Multi-Cultural Curricula (IMCC) - an exchange and educational program with several European and American partner universities • University of Texas Elementary School

Alumnus Roger Clemens, MLB pitcher and seven-time Cy Young Award winner Department of Education also graduated from UT Austin. UT Austin has also produced several musicians and entertainers. Janis Joplin, the American singer who was posthumously inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and who received a Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award attended the university,[108] as did February 1955 Playboy Playmate of the Month and Golden Globe recipient Jayne Mansfield.[109] Noted film director, cinematographer, writer and editor Robert Rodriguez is a Longhorn, as is actor Matthew McConaughey ’93 (star of The Wedding Planner (2001), How to Lose a Guy in 10 Days (2003), Sahara (2005), We Are Marshall (2007)).[110] And Farrah Fawcett - one of the original Charlie’s Angels - is a graduate. A number of UT Austin alumni have found success in professional sports. Seven-time Cy Young Award-winner Roger Clemens entered the MLB after helping the Longhorns win the 1983 College World Series.[111] Several Olympic medalists have also attended the school, including 2008 Summer Olympics athletes Ian Crocker ’05 (swimming world record holder and two-time Olympic gold medalist) and 4x400m relay defending Olympic gold medalist Sanya Richards

References
[1] Latin rendering of Mirabeau B. Lamar quote [2] UT Endowments Move into the Future utrecsports.org [3] [1] "The University of Texas Office of the Executive Vice President and Provost" Accessed 14 December 2008. [4] ^ "Enrollment & Essentials", The University of Texas at Austin Office of Public Affairs, 2006-07-27, http://www.utexas.edu/opa/pubs/facts/ enrollment.php, retrieved on 2007-03-31. [5] Handbook of Texas Online - UNIVERSITY OF TEXAS AT AUSTIN [6] The University of Texas Style Guidelines - signed by UT president Larry Faulkner. Accessed 27 February 2006. [7] "The Top American Research Universities - 2007" (PDF), http://mup.asu.edu/research2007.pdf, retrieved on 2008-05-06. [8] "Texas flagship universities celebrate milestone of Giant Magellan Telescope partnership", University of Texas,

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University of Texas at Austin

2005-07-21, http://www.utexas.edu/opa/ [23] Statistical Overview of the Library news/2005/07/mcdonald21.html, Collections The University of Texas retrieved on 2006-09-28. Libraries. Accessed 1 December 2005. [9] "University of Texas", NNDB, [24] The Gutenberg Bible at the Ransom http://www.nndb.com/edu/364/ Center Harry Ransom Center. Accessed 000082118/, retrieved on 2006-09-28. 1 December 2005. [10] Austin, Liz (2005-10-03), "Flagship [25] The Secret Tunnels Under UT Better university of Texas seeks to boost Than Your Boyfriend. diversity", http://washingtontimes.com/ [26] ^ Nuclear Engineering Teaching Lab culture/20051002-103300-6882r.htm, Nuclear and Radiation Engineering retrieved on 2006-09-28. Program. Accessed 10 February 2006. [11] The Public Ivies: America’s Flagship [27] Collier, Bill. UT reactor draws safety Public Universities (2001) by Howard questions. Austin American-Statesman. and Matthew Greene December 15, 1989. [12] http://www.txhighereddata.org/Reports/ [28] Terrell, Abby. Student Activities Center DocFetch.cfm?DocID=1434&Format=XLS&Confirmed=1 referendum approved The Daily Texan [13] http://sportsillustrated.cnn.com/ March 2, 2006. Accessed March 2, 2006. si_online/news/2002/10/01/1_10/ [29] Shanghai Jiao Tong University (2008), [14] S.C. Gwynne, Come Early. Be Loud. Cash "Academic Ranking of World In., Texas Monthly, Nov. 2008 at 142 Universities", Institute of Higher [15] ^ "University of Texas at Austin", The Education, Shanghai Jiao Tong Handbook of Texas, University, http://www.arwu.org/ http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/ rank2008/ARWU2008_A(EN).htm, online/articles/UU/kcu9.html. retrieved on 2009-01-04. [16] The University of Texas at Austin [30] CMUP (2008), "The Top American Visitor’s Guide, 2008, p.21 Research Universities: 2008 Annual [17] "Utility Infielder: Another stadium set for Report" (PDF), Center for Measuring demolition", San Antonio Express-News, University Performance, 24 September 2008, http://mup.asu.edu/research2008.pdf, http://www.mysanantonio.com/sports/ retrieved on 2008-12-31. page2/29657234.html, retrieved on [31] The Times (2008), "World University 2008-10-20. Rankings", The Times Higher [18] "New Science Building Named for Educational Supplement, Norman Hackerman", The University of http://www.timeshighereducation.co.uk/ Texas - College of Natural Sciences, 13 hybrid.asp?typeCode=243&pubCode=1&navcode=1 January 2009, http://cns.utexas.edu/ retrieved on 2008-12-31. communications/2009/01/ [32] "National Universities Rankings", hackerman_building.asp, retrieved on America’s Best Colleges 2009, U.S. News 2009-17-05. & World Report, 2009, [19] The Main Building The University of http://colleges.usnews.rankingsandreviews.com/ Texas. Accessed 1 December 2005. college/national-search, retrieved on [20] University approves new policy for 2009-05-18. lighting UT Tower On Campus. Accessed [33] "Best Business Schools", America’s Best 1 December 2005. Graduate Schools, U.S. News & World [21] Rossi, Victoria (August 1, 2006), "After Report, 2009, http://graddecades of silence, UT acknowledged schools.usnews.rankingsandreviews.com/ shootings", Daily Texan, best-graduate-schools/top-businesshttp://www.utsystem.edu/news/clips/ schools/rankings, retrieved on dailyclips/2006/0730-0805/UTSystem-DT2009-05-18. After-080106.pdf, retrieved on [34] "Best Law Schools", America’s Best 2009-01-27. Graduate Schools, U.S. News & World [22] Tower Tours Schedule Fall 2005 The Report, 2009, http://gradTexas Union. Accessed 1 December schools.usnews.rankingsandreviews.com/ 2005. best-graduate-schools/top-law-schools/ rankings, retrieved on 2009-05-18.

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University of Texas at Austin

[35] "Best Engineering Schools", America’s [51] BusinessWeek Undergrad B School table Best Graduate Schools, U.S. News & comparison World Report, 2009, http://grad[52] Search - Business - Best Graduate schools.usnews.rankingsandreviews.com/ Schools - Education - US News and best-graduate-schools/top-engineeringWorld Report schools/rankings, retrieved on [53] The University of Texas at Austin ranks 2009-05-18. No. 1 as source of new Fortune 1000 [36] "Best Education Programs", America’s CEOs | News from The University of Best Graduate Schools, U.S. News & Texas at Austin World Report, 2009, http://grad[54] "America’s Best Graduate Schools 2007: schools.usnews.rankingsandreviews.com/ Health: Pharmacy" (HTML), U.S. News & best-graduate-schools/top-educationWorld Report, 2006-09-15, schools/rankings, retrieved on http://www.usnews.com/usnews/edu/ 2009-05-18. grad/rankings/hea/brief/pha_brief.php, [37] [2] retrieved on 2007-01-06. [38] http://www.timeshighereducation.co.uk/ [55] College of Pharmacy : UT Austin hybrid.asp?typeCode=243&pubCode=1&navcode=137 - Education - Best Graduate [56] Search [39] America’s Best Colleges 2008 US News Schools - Education - US News and and World Report. Accessed August 19, World Report 2007. [57] The College of Education - Home Page [40] "The Washington Monthly College [58] America’s Best Graduate Schools 2009: National Rankings" (PDF), The Top Engineering Schools US News and Washington Monthly, August 2007, World Report. Accessed April 25, 2009. http://www.washingtonmonthly.com/ [59] Search - Law - Best Graduate Schools features/2007/0709.natlrankings.pdf, Education - US News and World Report retrieved on 2007-08-21. [60] Nation’s Largest Libraries by Volumes [41] "Academic Ranking of World Held LibrarySpot. Accessed December Universities", Shanghai Jiao Tong 23, 2005. University, http://www.arwu.org/rank/ [61] Colleges and Academic Units The 2007/ARWU2007_Top100.htm, retrieved University of Texas. Accessed 1 on 2007-08-17. December 2005. [42] "Rankings", The University of Texas at [62] Statistical Handbook 2003-2004, General Austin, http://www.utexas.edu/welcome/ Analysis - Students The University of rankings.html, retrieved on 2007-08-17. Texas Office of Institutional Research. [43] "Longhorns Sweep Top Spots Again In Accessed 1 December 2005. School Rankings" (PDF), 2007-10-31, [63] "Carnegie Foundation Classifications of http://www.cba.ufl.edu/fsoa/docs/ The University of Texas at Austin", PAR2007.pdf, retrieved on 2008-06-27. http://carnegiefoundation.org/ [44] USNews.com: America’s Best Colleges classifications/ 2008: Accounting sub.asp?key=748&subkey=16431&start=782, [45] U.S. News & World Report- Best retrieved on 2007-10-23. Graduate Schools: Business- MBA: [64] "Information, Resources and Services for Accounting Prospective Students", [46] U.S. News & World Report- America’s http://bealonghorn.utexas.edu/, retrieved Best Colleges 2008: MIS on 2007-10-23. [47] U.S. News & World Report- Best [65] http://www.utexas.edu/academic/oir/ Graduate Schools: Business- MBA: statistical_handbook/07-08/pdf/ Information Systems 0708facultystaff.pdf [48] U.S. News & World Report- America’s [66] http://www.utsystem.edu/news/ Best Colleges 2008: Marketing fastfacts.html University of Texas System [49] Mays Business School :: Management - Office of Public Affairs Research Productivity Rankings [67] Research : At a Glance : UT Facts [50] Business School Rankings and Profiles: [68] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ EMBA, Executive Education, MBA, PartList_of_U.S._colleges_and_universities_by_endowmen time MBA, Distance MBA syscluster-10

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University of Texas at Austin

[69] As required by the Texas Constitution[3], [79] "Texas Union Student Events Center", the UT System gets two-thirds of the http://sec.union.utexas.edu/, retrieved on Available University Fund, the annual 2008-05-06. distribution of PUF income. A regental [80] "Friar Society", policy[4] requires that at least 45 http://www.friarsociety.org/, retrieved on percent of this money go to UT Austin for 2008-10-30. "program enrichment." By taking two[81] "Texas4000", thirds and multiplying it by 45 percent, http://www.Texas4000.org/, retrieved on we get 30 percent which is the minimum 2009-04-01. amount of AUF income that can be [82] ^ "Sorority & Fraternity Information distributed to UT Austin under current Guide 2007–2008" (PDF), The University policies. The Regents, however, can and of Texas Office of the Dean of Students, do decide to allocate additional amounts http://deanofstudents.utexas.edu/gle/ to UT Austin. Also, the majority of the UT downloads/GrkGde07.pdf, retrieved on System share of the AUF is used for debt 2008-04-18. service of UT System bonds, some of [83] The University of Texas Office of the which were issued for the benefit of UT Dean of Students, "Greek communities", Austin[5]. One should note that the http://deanofstudents.utexas.edu/gle/ Regents are free to change the 45 comm.php, retrieved on 2005-12-02. percent minimum of the UT System [84] The University of Texas Office of the share going to UT Austin at any time, Dean of Students, "Greek Life and although doing so might be difficult Intercultural Education", politically. http://deanofstudents.utexas.edu/gle/, [70] U.Va. poised to issue $300 million in retrieved on 2008-04-17. bonds to finance campus construction [85] "Student Publications", University of projects – Richmond Times-Dispatch Texas at Austin, http://www.utexas.edu/ [71] 2004-2005 Statistical Handbook, student/registrar/catalogs/gicurrent/ch5/ Degrees Conferred The University of ch5g.html, retrieved on 2007-08-05. Texas Office of Institutional Research. [86] the Blogora Accessed 1 December 2005. [87] National Association of Collegiate [72] Residence Hall Master Plan The Directors of Athletics University of Texas Division of Housing [88] America’s Best Sports Colleges Sports and Food. Accessed February 5, 2007. Illustrated. October 7, 2002. [73] Residence Halls at a Glance The [89] Maher, John (2007-08-16), "Texas University of Texas Division of Housing repeats as national champion in and Food. Accessed December 2, 2005. merchandising", The Austin American[74] "UT residences to expand", The Daily Statesman, http://www.statesman.com/ Texan, 3 August 2006, sports/content/sports/stories/longhorns/ http://www.dailytexanonline.com/media/ 08/16/0816royalties.html, retrieved on storage/paper410/news/2006/08/03/ 2007-08-17. TopStories/ [90] "The Collegiate Licensing Company Ut.Residences.To.Expand-2143178.shtml?norewrite200608032103&sourcedomain=www.dailytexanon Rankings", http://www.clc.com/clcweb/ retrieved on 2006-08-03. publishing.nsf/Content/rankings.html, [75] About Student Activities and Leadership retrieved on 2007-08-17. Development The University of Texas [91] Texas Longhorns Championships Office of the Dean of Students. Accessed History: National Champions December 2, 2005. TexasSports.com. March 20, 2007 [76] "UT Student Government", [92] Schools with the Most National http://www.utsg.org/, retrieved on Championships NCAA.org. Fall 2006 2008-05-06. [93] Pennington, Richard. Texas Longhorns [77] "Senate of College Councils", Football History A to Z. Potomac Books. http://www.utsenate.org/, retrieved on http://www.potomacbooksinc.com/Books/ 2008-05-06. BookDetail.aspx?productID=167960. [78] "Graduate Student Assembly", Retrieved on 2007-08-04. http://www.utgsa.org/, retrieved on [94] Fitt, Aaron (September 14, 2002), "It’s 2008-05-06. not about Mack", DailyTarheel.com (The

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

University of Texas at Austin

Daily Tarheel), detail.aspx?id=a1789334-3f27-48d5-b844-211455e4b http://www.dailytarheel.com/media/ retrieved on 2008-07-30. storage/paper885/news/2002/09/14/ [105]L. Bush bio", The White House, " Sportsaturday/Itshttp://georgewbushNot.About.Mack-1349746.shtml?norewrite200606280132&sourcedomain=www.dailytarheel.com, whitehouse.archives.gov/firstlady/ retrieved on 2007-08-21. flbio.html, retrieved on 2008-07-30. [95] "Texas is the BC$ champ, too - Even [106]Chamran bio", Occasions, " before their stunning upset of USC, the http://www2.irib.ir/occasions/chamran/ Longhorns were big winners where it chamranen.htm, retrieved on matters.", CNNMoney (Turner 2008-07-30. Broadcasting), January 5, 2006, [107]Brown bio", Boston University, " http://money.cnn.com/2006/01/04/ http://www.bu.edu/president/biography/, commentary/column_sportsbiz/ retrieved on 2008-08-01. sportsbiz/, retrieved on 2007-04-25. [108]Janis Joplin bio", Janis Joplin Estate, " [96] "Game notes - Arkansas State" (PDF), http://www.officialjanis.com/bio.html, MackBrownTexasFootball.com retrieved on 2008-06-19. (University of Texas & Host Interactive), [109]Jayne Mansfield", Pennsylvania State " September 1, 2007, University, http://www.mackbrownhttp://www.pabook.libraries.psu.edu/ texasfootball.com/doc_lib/ palitmap/bios/Mansfield__Jayne.html, 090107_notes.pdf, retrieved on retrieved on 2008-05-07. 2007-09-16. [110]Matthew McConaughey", " [97] TEXAS LONGHORNS Official Athletic TheInsider.com, Site http://www.theinsider.com/celebrities/ [98] Sports Illustrated’s 50th Anniversary: Matthew_McConaughey, retrieved on Texas Sports Illustrated poll (conducted 2008-05-07. by Harris Interactive) shows 56% of [111]Clemens bio", The Roger Clemens " respondents picked Texas vs Texas A&M Foundation, as the biggest rivalry, followed by Texas http://www.rogerclemensonline.com/ vs Oklahoma at 15%, and the Cowboys vs bio1.htm, retrieved on 2008-07-30. Texans at 7%. [112]Crocker bio", Team USA, " [99] The Season Total Jibbly. November 22, http://swimming.teamusa.org/athlete/ 2005. athlete/856, retrieved on 2008-07-30. [100] exas Longhorns/Texas Tech Raiders T [113]Richards bio", SanyaRichards.net, " Preview Saturday, October 28, 2006 http://www.sanyarichards.net/flash.html, Yahoo! Sports. October 28, 2006. retrieved on 2008-07-30. [101] alliburton, Suzanne. "Red River Rivalry H [114]Retton bio", About.com, " - Texas 45, Oklahoma 12." Austin http://womenshistory.about.com/od/ American-Statesman. October 9, 2005. olympics/p/mary_lou_retton.htm, [102] erlin, Stephanie. Razorback country B retrieved on 2008-07-30. still has disdain for a Texas team focused on others The Daily Texan. September 10, 2004. • Official website [103]Bentsen bio", U.S. Congress, " • Official Athletics website http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/ biodisplay.pl?index=B000401, retrieved Coordinates: 30°17′10″N 97°44′22″W / on 2008-07-30. 30.28614°N 97.73942°W / 30.28614; [104]Baker bio", Baker Botts LLP, " -97.73942 http://www.bakerbotts.com/lawyers/

External links

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/University_of_Texas_at_Austin" Categories: Association of American Universities, Public universities in Texas, Big 12 Conference, Education in Austin, Texas, Educational institutions established in 1883, Oak Ridge Associated Universities, Public universities, Southern Association of Colleges and Schools, Universities and colleges in Texas, University of Texas at Austin, University of Texas System

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University of Texas at Austin

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