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Capital Area Transit (Raleigh)

Capital Area Transit (Raleigh)
Capital Area Transit

Headquarters Locale Service type Alliance Routes Stops Hubs Stations Daily ridership Fuel type Operator Chief executive Web site

1430 South Blount St. Raleigh, NC bus service Raleigh Transit Authority 38 1700 Crabtree Valley Mall (Served by 6 Routes) 1 (Moore Square Transit Station) 13,000 Diesel and Biodiesel Veolia Transportation Scott McClellan Welcome to Transit

ended, replaced by gasoline-powered buses. Ridership remained strong until the 1950s, when the popularity of private vehicles began to reduce transit ridership nationwide. • 1881-1894 - Raleigh Street Railway • 1894-1908 - Raleigh Electric Co. • 1908-1921 - Carolina Power & Light Co. • 1921-1925 - Carolina Power & Light Co. (Electric Bond & Shares Co.) • 1925-1946 - Carolina Power & Light Co. (National Power & Light Co.) • 1930s - streetcars discontinued • 1946-1950 - Carolina Power & Light Company (CP&L). • 1950-1958 - White Transportation Co. • After 1958 - Raleigh City Coach Lines (City Coach Lines, Inc.)

Current system
In the mid- to late-20th century, CP&L ended its operation of transit services in the city, and the current publicly-owned CAT system was created. The city of Raleigh initially contracted with private companies to operate the system, however in the early 1990s the city took over its operation.

The Raleigh Trolley
The Raleigh Trolley was created to attract people to the restaurants and clubs in downtown Raleigh at night. The trolley line originally linked Moore Square/City Market area to the Glenwood South entertainment district, but the route was altered to link Moore Square with the Progress Energy Center for Performing Arts after Progress Energy became a sponsor of the trolley service. In 2005, CAT purchased 2 new hybrid trolleys (first hybrid public transit vehicles ever to be used in North Carolina) to serve the current trolley route. The Raleigh Trolley was quietly phased out, first serviced with regular CAT buses rather the trolleys, and then completely ended when the R-Line began service on February 13th, 2009.

Raleigh CAT, or Capital Area Transit operates 38 public transit routes to serve the city of Raleigh, North Carolina.

Early days
Previous to the CAT system CP&L (Carolina Power & Light, now known as Progress Energy) provided public transit to the city, starting in 1886 with mule-drawn vehicles and covering routes in 1 square mile (3 km2) of central Raleigh. In 1891, the mule-drawn service came to an end, and the electric street car service began. The street cars served several routes, covering about 2 square miles (5 km2) of the city. Due to rapid advances in automotive technology at that time, in 1933 all electric street car services

The R-Line
The R-Line - created to connect business in Downtown Raleigh with residents,


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employees, and visitors - began service on February 13th, 2009. The route is served by three specially designed Hybrid-Electric buses, powered by bio-diesel fuel. The buses, operating in a counter-clockwise loop, stop at 20 specially designed bus-stops throughout Downtown Raleigh. Service frequency is every 10 to 15 minutes. In order to maximize frequency two buses operate on the circulator route at all times, while one bus serves as back-up in the event of mechanical failure. • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •

Capital Area Transit (Raleigh)
22 State Street 23c Millbrook Crosstown Connector 24c North Crosstown 25c Triangle Town Center 26c Early East 27 Southeast 28 Southwest 29c North Night Connector 30 Northeast 31 New Hope Commons 32 Sanderford Road 33c Glenwood Creedmoor Connector 34 WakeMed - Poole 35 Poole Rd. 36 Garner Station 40e Wake Tech 70e Brier Creek Express The R Line

Routes and services
All CAT routes have a number and a name. A "c" added to the number denotes a connector route, and an "e" denotes an express route.

Hours and levels of operation
CATs current service level is based upon year 2 of the 5 year plan. CAT currently operates 38 public transit routes (CAT also operates the Historic Raleigh Trolley Tour, and provides the vehicles for Triangle Transits Wake Forest Express line). During regular service hours (5:30am-7:00pm Monday-Saturday) there are 18 routes that serve Moore Square bus terminal, 6 connector routes, which do not serve the downtown terminal, and 2 express routes, one of which serves the downtown terminal. During the hours of 4:30am-5:30am Monday-Saturday, 7:00pm-12:00am MondaySaturday and 8:00am-8:00pm Sunday, the number of routes serving the city is reduced to anywhere from 5 to 17 routes depending on the day and time. CAT also operates the R line, a Downtown Raleigh Circulator route that operates with specially designed hybrid-electric bio-dispersal buses. The R-line operates from 7:00am-11:00pm Monday-Wednesday, 7:00am-2:15am Thursday-Saturday, and 1:00pm-8:00pm on Sundays. 3 additional routes (1 serving downtown and 2 express from Park and Ride Lots) operate from 7:00am-12:00am during all the dates of the NC State Fair. + Some bus routes operate at a greater or lesser frequency during these times ++ Some bus routes operate at a greater frequency at these times. 70e does not operate during midday hours.

CAT Bus Route #4 Rex Hospital at a bus stop on Hillsborough Street in Downtown Raleigh • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • 1 Capital 2 Falls of Neuse 3 Glascock 4 Rex Hospital 5 Biltmore Hills 6 Crabtree 7 South Saunders 7c Carolina Pines/Rush Street Crosstown Connector 8 Northclift 8c Sawmill Cat Connector 10 Longview 11 Avent Ferry 12 Method 13 Chavis Heights 15 WakeMed 15c Trawick Cat Connector 16 Oberlin Rd. 18 Worthdale 19 Apollo Heights 21 Caraleigh


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4:30 a.m.-10 a.m. Weekdays 30 minutes+ Saturday 60 minutes++ 8 a.m.-8 p.m. Sunday 60 minutes Monday-Wednesday 7 a.m-11 p.m. The RLine 10-12 minutes 7:00am-12:00am State Fair 20-30 minutes Because some bus routes are designed to serve areas unserved by the regular CAT bus routes, during extended hours (before 5:30am and after 7:00pm M-SA and all day SU), there is not any time during the day where all 38 bus routes operate. Some bus routes may only operate during Early Mornings ONLY (4:30am-5:30am), Evenings ONLY(7:00pm-12:00am), and/or Sundays ONLY. Note that a portion of the regular 26 CAT bus routes DO operate during extended hours. Thursday-Saturday 7 a.m.-2:15 am. 10-12 minutes 10 a.m.-3 p.m. 60 minutes++ 60 minutes++

Capital Area Transit (Raleigh)
3 p.m.-7 p.m. 30 minutes+ 60 minutes++ 7 p.m.-12 a.m. 60 minutes 60 minutes

Sunday 1 p.m.-8 p.m. 10-12 minutes

Five-year plan
In 2002, Capital Area Transit (CAT) spent $200,000 to hire consultants to come up with a five year plan to improve public transit in the City of Raleigh, NC. At that time, most bus schedules were 10 years out of date. It wasn’t until fiscal year 2006 that the city council gave CAT the additional funding needed to begin implementing year one of a five year plan. At the start of the fiscal year 2007 the Raleigh City Council gave CAT the additional funding need for year two of the five year plan (which took effect on bus routes in January, 2007). The city council gave CAT additional funding for year three of the five year plan for the fiscal year 2008 (July, 2007-June, 2008). Year three changes include an increase in frequencies on routes with high ridership (routes 1, 2, and 5), as well as extended bus service on Glenwood Avenue, and an additional bus line to service the southeast area of Raleigh. These changes have not yet taken affect.

The city council gave CAT additional funding for 6 months of operation at year four of the five year plan for the fiscal year 2009 (July 2008-June, 2009), despite year 3 changes never being implemented. Year 4 of the 5 year plan is "estimated to be implemented during the last quarter of FY 2009."[1] CAT is expected to boost the frequency of the busiest routes in January, 2009[2] although it is unclear whether these frequency changes will follow the five year plan, and whether or not routes will be added or modified as called for in the five year plan. At the present time, CAT is burdened with a shortage of buses and an overcrowded garage. CAT currently operates out of a garage originally designed for a maximum of 56 buses, which had recently been modified to hold CAT’s 90 buses. In May 2008, the North Carolina Board of Transportation awarded CAT with $3.5 million for 13 additional buses and $2.8 million to purchase land and design a new administration building and garage. In addition to changes specified in the five year plan CAT plans to begin operation on a Downtown Raleigh Circulator in February, 2009 [3].

CAT is funded mostly by the City of Raleigh, with some additional funding (about $2 million) coming from the State and miscellaneous sources (such as grants and advertising). For FY 2009, CAT’s operating budget is $15,957,644, a 19.9% increase from last fiscal years budget of $13,310,952. This is the fourth year in a row CAT has seen an


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increase in funding to meet the demands of the five year plan. The increase in funding comes 100% from the city. CAT’s estimated passenger revenue for FY 2009 is $3,018,228, or 22.7% of CAT’s budget.

Capital Area Transit (Raleigh)
bomb on an unspecified bus, although a Raleigh transit official said the caller mentioned numbers that did not match any CAT buses or routes. The bomb threat was cleared, but left buses operating after that time anywhere from 5-90 minutes behind schedule for the day. Transit Watch is a new public awareness program launched by the Federal Transit Administration (FTA) in collaboration with the Department of Homeland Security’s Transportation Security Administration (TSA). The program encourages people to be vigilant and watch for and report safety (e.g. strange smells, smoke, or other potential hazards) and/or security threats (such as abandoned bags or suspicious behavior) on public transit vehicles or public transit properties. The motto of this program is "If You See Something...Say Something." In early 2006 CAT joined the campaign.


Riders boarding a CAT bus in downtown Raleigh Ridership for the month of July, 2008 was 422,000. This is up 24% from July, 2007 and more than in any single month of ridership recorded by CAT in recent decades. Comparatively, in April, 2008 ridership was 317,000 (up 11% from April, 2007). CAT ridership, however, remains low in comparison to neighboring bus systems (at least according to April 2008 data); Durham Area Transit Authority (DATA), counted 418,000 riders, and Chapel Hill Transit, counted 621,000 passengers over the same period of time (April 2008). According to the Raleigh City budget for the fiscal year 2008, the ridership levels average over 13,000 each business day, up from 11,000 in September, 2005 (when gas prices began to climb after Hurricane Katrina), and 8,000 in the year 2002[5].

Other transit services operating in Raleigh
ART, or Accessible Raleigh Transit, a subsidized taxicab program, serves residents living within 3/4 of a mile of a fixed bus route in the city that are unable to use the regular fixedroute service due to a disability.

C-Tran provides one route that connects downtown Cary with western portions of Raleigh also served by a CAT bus route. Additionally, C-Tran provides paratransit service to residents of Cary traveling to Raleigh as well as public transit routes and paratransit in Cary.

Response to the threat of terrorism
There have been no serious terrorist threats or attacks on Raleigh public transit in the city’s history, however, on May 4, 2007 a bomb threat was received at the CAT regional transit call center at about 9:00 am. Buses in the Triangle, including an estimated 55 CAT buses, were pulled over, evacuated, and searched. The caller indicated there was a

Durham Area Transit Authority
The Durham Area Transit Authority (DATA) operates one route that extends to the Brier Creek area of northwest Raleigh, in addition to its many routes serving the city of Durham.

Triangle Transit
Triangle Transit (formerly the Triangle Transit Authority), is a regional transit service that connects Raleigh with neighboring cities, suburbs, Raleigh-Durham International


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Airport and Research Triangle Park. Triangle Transit also organizes a vanpool program serving the Research Triangle metropolitan region.

Capital Area Transit (Raleigh)
• GoTriangle • National Park Service

• Transit 5 year plan

The Wolfline operates nearly a dozen routes that serve the NCSU (North Carolina State University) community and surrounding areas in west Raleigh. In addition to serving NCSU students, faculty and staff, the Wolfline system is available for use by the general public.

• Raleigh City Museum - History of Transportation in Raleigh


Long Distance Transit Services
The city of Raleigh is served by Amtrak (rail service), RDU international Airport (air service), Carolina Trailways (bus service), Greyhound (bus service), Sky Express (bus service, direct to China Town, NYC), Tornado (bus service, targeting primarily the Hispanic population), and Jacksonville Airporter, Inc(bus service, between RDU and Jacksonville, NC)

• Official site

[1] PTARGS_0_2_114349_0_0_18/ 2009_Proposed_Annual_Budget.pdf [2] 1299123.html [3] PTARGS_0_2_306_202_0_43/http%3B/ pt03/DIG_Web_Content/category/ Resident/Transportation/ Cat-1C-20081118-143542-Downtown_Circulator.htm [4] PTARGS_0_2_114349_0_0_18/ 2009_Proposed_Annual_Budget.pdf [5] Content?oid=oid%3A18270

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