Bus Safety Reg

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					       (Consolidated up to 230/2008)

             ALBERTA REGULATION 213/2006

                       Traffic Safety Act

COMMERCIAL BUS EQUIPMENT AND SAFETY REGULATION



       Table of Contents
  1    Definitions
  2    Application of Regulation

       Part 1
       Visual Inspections
  3    Commercial bus must meet standards
  4    Visual inspections
  5    15 000 km inspections

       Part 2
       Maintenance and Operation of
       Commercial Buses
   6   Notice of defects
   7   Maintenance program
   8   Replacement parts
   9   Repairs, etc.
  10   Records
  11   Maintenance of records
  12   Interference with records
  13   Right hand drive
  14   Fuel
  15   Stationary bus
  16   First aid kit
  17   Luggage, express, equipment and tools
  18   Mirrors

       Part 3
       Transitional, Repeal, Expiry
       and Coming into Force
  19   Transitional
  20   Repeal
  21   Expiry
Section 1       COMMERCIAL BUS EQUIPMENT AND SAFETY REGULATION AR 213/2006


        22     Coming into force

               Schedules


             Definitions
               1 In this Regulation,

                   (a) “Act” means the Traffic Safety Act;

                   (b) “commercial bus” means a public vehicle that transports
                       passengers for compensation;

                   (c) “commercial school bus” means a Type I, Type II, Type
                       III or Type IV school bus as described in the Canadian
                       Standard Association D250-M1985, as amended, and that
                       is used as a commercial bus instead of as a school bus as
                       defined in the School Bus Operation Regulation
                       (AR 437/86);

                   (d) “driver” means a person who drives a commercial bus;

                   (e) “maintenance program” means a program referred to in
                       section 7;

                    (f) “motor coach” means a type of commercial bus
                        commonly known in the transportation industry as a
                        motor coach;

                   (g) “notice of defect” means a notice issued by a
                       manufacturer, distributor or importer of a motor vehicle as
                       prescribed by the Motor Vehicle Safety Act (Canada);

                   (h) “operating authority certificate” means an operating
                       authority certificate issued under the Commercial Vehicle
                       Certificate and Insurance Regulation (AR 314/2002) or a
                       permit issued under the Act;

                    (i) “safety standards” means the standards that a commercial
                        bus must meet as prescribed in Schedule 1;

                    (j) “visual inspection” means an inspection referred to in
                        section 4;

                   (k) “workshift” means the period of time during which a
                       driver is on duty.


             Application of Regulation
               2 This Regulation does not apply to the following:


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Section 3      COMMERCIAL BUS EQUIPMENT AND SAFETY REGULATION AR 213/2006


                  (a) a livery;

                  (b) a school bus as defined in section 1 of the School Bus
                      Operation Regulation (AR 437/86);

                  (c) a transit bus owned and operated by a municipality when
                      the transit bus is being operated within the boundaries of
                      that municipality.


                                  Part 1
                            Visual Inspections
            Commercial bus must meet standards
              3(1) No person shall operate a commercial bus unless,

                  (a) in the case of a motor coach, it meets

                       (i) the standards applicable to a motor coach as required
                           under the Motor Vehicle Safety Act (Canada) and the
                           Motor Vehicle Safety Regulations (Canada), and

                       (ii) the requirements prescribed under this Regulation
                            and the Act,

                    and

                  (b) in the case of a commercial bus that is a commercial
                      school bus, it meets

                       (i) the standards prescribed under the Bus Safety
                           Regulation, and

                       (ii) the requirements prescribed under this Regulation
                            and the Act other than the requirement that the bus
                            be equipped with alternately flashing lights and a
                            stop arm.

              (2) Notwithstanding subsection (1), if the manufacturer of a bus
              constructs a bus to standards that are higher than those referred to
              in subsection (1), no person shall operate that bus as a commercial
              bus unless it is maintained to those higher standards.


            Visual inspections
              4(1) The owner of motor coach shall ensure that the vehicle is
              inspected by means of a visual inspection at intervals not exceeding
              15 000 kilometres of operation of the vehicle.

              (2) The driver of a motor coach shall, prior to operating the vehicle
              at the beginning of a workshift and after the driver ceases to

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Section 5      COMMERCIAL BUS EQUIPMENT AND SAFETY REGULATION AR 213/2006


              operate the vehicle at the end of a workshift, visually inspect the
              vehicle.

              (3) Notwithstanding subsection (1), the Registrar may prescribe a
              longer or shorter distance to be travelled by a motor coach before a
              visual inspection is required.

              (4) When a motor coach is visually inspected pursuant to
              subsection (1), the person performing the inspection shall, in
              respect of that motor coach, complete a Safety Systems
              Maintenance Inspection form shown in Schedule 2.

              (5) A visual inspection carried out under subsection (2) must
              include an inspection of the following equipment:

                  (a) the lighting devices and reflectors;

                  (b) the tires;

                  (c) the wheels and rims;

                  (d) the service brake;

                  (e) the parking brake;

                  (f) the steering mechanism;

                  (g) the horn;

                  (h) the windshield wipers;

                  (i) the rear vision mirrors;

                  (j) the emergency equipment.


            15 000 km inspections
              5(1) If the distance travelled by a motor coach does not exceed
              15 000 kilometres in a 6-month period, the owner of the motor
              coach may apply to the Registrar for an extension of the period of
              time within which the motor coach must be inspected under section
              4(1).

              (2) On receiving an application under subsection (1) in respect of a
              motor coach, the Registrar shall, if the Registrar is satisfied that a
              subsisting vehicle inspection certificate has been issued under the
              Vehicle Inspection Regulation for that motor coach, extend the
              period of time within which the motor coach must be inspected for
              at least one year from the date of the application.

              (3) Where the Registrar grants an extension of time under
              subsection (2), the Registrar may, as a condition of granting the

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Section 6      COMMERCIAL BUS EQUIPMENT AND SAFETY REGULATION AR 213/2006


              extension, require that the motor coach be inspected when the
              motor coach has travelled a distance of 15 000 kilometres from the
              date that the latest inspection certificate was issued in respect of
              that motor coach notwithstanding that the extension of the time
              may not have yet expired.


                             Part 2
                   Maintenance and Operation of
                        Commercial Buses
            Notice of defects
              6 A driver of a commercial bus shall inform the owner of the bus
              of any defect or deficiency that would affect the safe operation of
              the bus.


            Maintenance program
              7(1) The owner of a commercial bus must have a maintenance
              program that pertains to that vehicle and shall carry out the
              program in accordance with its terms.

              (2) A maintenance program must be set out in writing and provide
              for a continuous and regular program for the maintenance and
              repair of the owner’s commercial buses that,

                  (a) in the case of a motor coach, meets the requirements of
                      Schedule 1, or

                  (b) in the case of a commercial school bus, meets the
                      requirements of the Bus Safety Regulation.


            Replacement parts
              8 When a commercial bus requires repairs in order to comply with
              section 3, the replacement parts used in the repair of the bus

                  (a) must be designed for the particular application for which
                      they are used,

                  (b) where practicable, must be certified by a standards testing
                      organization approved by the Registrar for the purposes of
                      this section, and

                  (c) must be properly installed.


            Repairs, etc.
              9 When the owner of a commercial bus receives a notice of defect
              in respect of the bus, the owner shall forthwith

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Section 10      COMMERCIAL BUS EQUIPMENT AND SAFETY REGULATION AR 213/2006


                   (a) repair or otherwise modify the bus, or cause it to be
                       repaired or modified, in accordance with instructions
                       provided by the manufacturer, or

                   (b) if instructions are not given by the manufacturer, repair or
                       otherwise modify the bus in accordance with good trade
                       practices.


             Records
               10 The owner of a commercial bus shall maintain, or cause to be
               maintained, the following records pertaining to each bus used in the
               owner’s business:

                   (a) an identification of the bus, including

                        (i) where a unit number has been assigned to the bus by
                            the owner, that unit number, and where no such unit
                            number has been assigned, the manufacturer’s serial
                            number or similar identifying mark,

                       (ii) the make of the bus,

                       (iii) the year of manufacture, and

                       (iv) the size of the tires with which the bus is equipped;

                   (b) the name of the person furnishing the bus, if that person is
                       not the registered owner of the bus;

                   (c) a record of visual inspections, repairs, lubrication and
                       maintenance for the bus, including

                        (i) the nature of the work performed on the bus, and

                       (ii) the date on which the visual inspection or work took
                            place and the mileage on the bus at that time;

                   (d) modifications to the bus involving

                        (i) axles, or

                       (ii) suspensions,

                        that affect the gross vehicle weight rating or the gross axle
                        weight rating determined by the manufacturer of the bus;

                   (e) notices of defect received from the vehicle manufacturer
                       and the corrective work done on the bus in relation to
                       those notices.



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Section 11      COMMERCIAL BUS EQUIPMENT AND SAFETY REGULATION AR 213/2006


             Maintenance of records
               11(1) Subject to subsections (2) and (3), the records referred to in
               section 10 must

                    (a) be retained by the owner for the calendar year in which
                        the records were made and the 4 calendar years
                        immediately following, and

                    (b) be located at or made available through the owner’s main
                        place of business in Alberta.

               (2) Notwithstanding subsection (1)(a), when a commercial bus is
               permanently retired from use in the commercial bus business by the
               owner or is disposed of, records kept in respect of that bus must be
               retained for a period of 6 months from the date that the bus was so
               retired or disposed of.

               (3) Notwithstanding subsection (1)(b),

                    (a) when a commercial bus is being repaired or serviced at a
                        location other than the owner’s main place of business,
                        records pertaining to the bus may be kept at that location
                        for a period of up to 30 days from the completion of the
                        repairs or servicing prior to being forwarded to the
                        owner’s main place of business, and

                    (b) the Registrar may, on application by an owner, allow
                        records pertaining to a commercial bus to be kept at a
                        location other than the owner’s main place of business in
                        Alberta.


             Interference with records
               12 No person shall mutilate, deface, falsify or alter any of the
               records required under section 10.


             Right hand drive
               13 No person shall use or permit the use of a right hand drive
               vehicle as a commercial bus.


             Fuel
               14 No person shall transport or permit the transport of fuel on a
               commercial bus other than in the fuel system or tank of the bus.


             Stationary bus
               15 Section 3(2)(b) and (3)(d)(ii) of the Commercial Vehicle
               General Equipment and Safety Regulation (AR 435/86) do not
               apply to a commercial bus that is stopped on a highway while a

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Section 16       COMMERCIAL BUS EQUIPMENT AND SAFETY REGULATION AR 213/2006


                passenger, luggage or express is being loaded on or taken off the
                bus.


             First aid kit
                16(1) No person shall operate or permit a person to operate a
                commercial bus unless the bus is equipped with a first aid kit that
                contains the items described in Schedule 3.

                (2) The first aid kit must be readily accessible to the driver of the
                bus.


             Luggage, express, equipment and tools
                17(1) No person shall operate or permit a person to operate a
                commercial bus unless the luggage, express, equipment and tools
                that are carried on a commercial bus are carried in an adequate
                place provided for the carrying of those items.

                (2) The place provided for carrying luggage, express, equipment or
                tools must

                    (a) not interfere with free access to the exits of the bus,

                    (b) be constructed so as to prevent the luggage, express,
                        equipment or tools from falling on or against a passenger,
                        and

                    (c) in the case of passenger luggage, protect the luggage from
                        dust and moisture.


             Mirrors
                18 In addition to any requirements or standards prescribed under
                the Motor Vehicle Safety Act (Canada), the Motor Vehicle Safety
                Regulations (Canada) and the Vehicle Equipment Regulation
                (AR 322/2002) that relate to mirrors, no person shall operate or
                permit a person to operate a commercial bus unless the bus also has

                    (a) at least one mirror that affords to the driver of the bus
                        from the driver’s normal operating position a complete
                        view of the interior of the bus, and

                    (b) in the case of a bus that has an exit located other than on
                        the right side of the bus at the front of the bus, at least one
                        mirror that affords to the driver of the bus from the
                        driver’s normal operating position a complete view of that
                        other exit and steps leading to that exit.




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Section 19      COMMERCIAL BUS EQUIPMENT AND SAFETY REGULATION AR 213/2006


                                 Part 3
                      Transitional, Repeal, Expiry
                        and Coming into Force
             Transitional
               19(1) For purposes of the Procedures Regulation (AR 233/89),
               references to the Commercial Bus Inspection, Equipment and
               Safety Regulation (AR 428/91) are deemed to be references to this
               Regulation.

               (2) Section 20(2)(d) of the Commercial Vehicle Certificate and
               Insurance Regulation (AR 314/2002) is amended by striking out
               “Commercial Bus Inspection, Equipment and Safety Regulation
               (AR 428/91)” and substituting “Commercial Bus Equipment and
               Safety Regulation”.


             Repeal
               20 The Commercial Bus Inspection, Equipment and Safety
               Regulation (AR 428/91) is repealed.


             Expiry
               21 For the purpose of ensuring that this Regulation is reviewed
               for ongoing relevancy and necessity, with the option that it may be
               repassed in its present or an amended form following a review, this
               Regulation expires on December 31, 2009.
                                                            AR 213/2006 s21;230/2008


             Coming into force
               22 This Regulation comes into force on January 1, 2007.


                                   Schedule 1

                      Minimum Vehicle Safety Systems
                          Maintenance Standards

               Table of Contents

               Part 1
               Body and Frame
         1     Bus body and seats
         2     Subframe
         3     Body frame
         4     Underbody
         5     Windows and mirrors

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Schedule 1    COMMERCIAL BUS EQUIPMENT AND SAFETY REGULATION AR 213/2006


             Part 2
             Fuel and Exhaust
         6   Fuel
         7   Exhaust
         8   Engine controls

             Part 3
             Brakes
        9    Friction components
       10    Mechanical linkages
       11    Hydraulic, vacuum and air brake components
       12    Service brake pedal
       13    Brake warning device
       14    Emergency or parking brake
       15    Air brake system
       16    Stopping capability

             Part 4
             Lights and Electrical
       17    Lamps, reflectors and battery
       18    Horn
       19    Transmission neutral safety starting switch
       20    Windshield wipers and washers
       21    Instruments
       22    Door interlocks
       23    Heater, defroster and hoses

             Part 5
             Steering and Suspension
       24    Steering
       25    Wheel alignment
       26    Suspension
       27    Driveline

             Part 6
             Wheels and Tires
       28    Wheels
       29    Tires

             Part 7
             Lubrication
       30    Lubrication



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Schedule 1      COMMERCIAL BUS EQUIPMENT AND SAFETY REGULATION AR 213/2006


               Part 8
               Cleanliness, Safety and Emergency Equipment
       31      Cleanliness
       32      Fire fighting equipment
       33      First aid kit
       34      Warning devices


                                    Part 1
                                Body and Frame

             Bus body and seats
               1(1) The body, sheet metal equipment, main doors, emergency
               exits and seats of a commercial bus must comply with the standards
               set out in subsection (2).

               (2) The standards to be met by the body, sheet metal equipment,
               main doors, emergency exits and seats are as follows:

                   (a) each bumper, fender, moulding and other part must

                        (i) not be missing,

                        (ii) be securely mounted, and

                       (iii) not be broken, bent or have sharp edges;

                   (b) each splash shield, mud guard and mud flap shall be in the
                       proper position;

                   (c) each door and the roof emergency hatch must

                        (i) not have missing or excessively loose or torn,
                            flexible material on closing edges, where that
                            material was originally fitted,

                        (ii) close securely, and

                       (iii) be easily opened from the inside;

                   (d) adequate directions for the emergency use of the roof
                       hatch must be displayed on or adjacent to the roof hatch;

                   (e) door controls must

                        (i) operate smoothly, and

                        (ii) have seals that are in good condition;

                   (f) the engine compartment doors must latch securely;


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Schedule 1   COMMERCIAL BUS EQUIPMENT AND SAFETY REGULATION AR 213/2006


               (g) each seat must

                     (i) be securely mounted, and

                    (ii) retain its position in accordance with the
                         requirements of the Motor Vehicle Safety
                         Regulations, CRC c. 1038 that are applicable to seat
                         anchorage;

               (h) floor and stepwell coverings must

                     (i) be in good condition, and

                    (ii) have no loose edges;

                (i) if the bus is equipped with baggage racks, the baggage
                    racks must be securely mounted and not have any broken,
                    missing, excessively worn or excessively stretched
                    package retaining components;

                (j) the driver’s sun visor

                     (i) must be firmly mounted, and

                    (ii) must not be able to shake out of position;

               (k) each stanchion, grab handle, guard rail and guard panel
                   must be securely mounted and fastening parts must not be
                   missing;

                (l) energy absorbing material installed by the manufacturer
                    on stanchions, guard rails or the tops or sides of seat backs
                    must not be missing;

               (m) the hood latch

                     (i) must not be missing, and

                    (ii) must hold the hood securely;

               (n) the safety catch of a front opening hood latch

                     (i) must not be missing, and

                    (ii) must operate smoothly;

               (o) where the bus has an emergency exit that is a door, the
                   emergency door must

                     (i) be unobstructed,



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Schedule 1   COMMERCIAL BUS EQUIPMENT AND SAFETY REGULATION AR 213/2006


                   (ii) be located at the rear of the bus or near the left side
                        of the bus, and

                   (iii) open freely when the release mechanism is actuated
                         from inside the bus and, where the vehicle is fitted
                         with an outside release, from outside the bus;

               (p) any emergency door warning device must function
                   properly;

               (q) where the bus has a separate exit door other than a door to
                   be used for emergency purposes only,

                    (i) when the driver’s door control is in the closed
                        position and the exit door is fully closed

                        (A) the exit door must not open when a moderate
                            amount of manual force is applied in an effort to
                            open it, and

                        (B) the audible or visual warning device, where
                            fitted, must function properly,

                   (ii) when the driver’s door control is in the position to
                        open the exit door,

                        (A) the brake and accelerator interlock systems,
                            where fitted, must automatically apply the rear
                            brakes and hold them in the applied position,
                            and

                        (B) the engine speed must be prevented from
                            exceeding idle speed until the door control is
                            moved to the closed position and the door has
                            closed,

                      and

                   (iii) when the exit door is fitted with sensitive edges and
                         the door is not fully closed, manual pressure applied
                         to each sensitive edge must

                        (A) reopen the door,

                        (B) actuate any audible or visual warning device,

                        (C) cause the brake and accelerator interlock
                            systems, where fitted, to automatically apply the
                            rear brakes and hold them in the applied
                            position, and



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Schedule 1   COMMERCIAL BUS EQUIPMENT AND SAFETY REGULATION AR 213/2006


                        (D) prevent the engine speed from exceeding idle
                            speed

                         until the door control is moved to the closed position
                         and the door has closed;

                (r) where the bus is fitted with exterior compartment doors,
                    each door must

                     (i) be securely attached to the body,

                    (ii) function properly, and

                   (iii) be equipped with a lock, latch or spring device that
                         holds it closed securely;

               (s) where the bus is used to transport physically disabled
                   persons,

                     (i) all devices used to secure passenger access or
                         emergency exit doors

                        (A) must operate as intended, and

                         (B) must not have any damage apparent on visual
                             inspection that would reduce their effectiveness,

                    (ii) no plate, cover or energy absorbing material required
                         to protect persons from sharp edges or corners shall
                         be missing or damaged so as to reduce its
                         effectiveness,

                   (iii) if the bus is fitted with wheelchair securement
                         devices,

                        (A) each anchorage device must be secure,

                         (B) each component part must operate as intended,
                             and

                         (C) a component part must not have damage
                             apparent on visual inspection that would reduce
                             its effectiveness,

                   (iv) if the bus is fitted with occupant restraint assemblies,
                        each component part

                        (A) must operate as intended, and

                         (B) must not have damage apparent on visual
                             inspection that would reduce its effectiveness,


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Schedule 1    COMMERCIAL BUS EQUIPMENT AND SAFETY REGULATION AR 213/2006


                        (v) if the bus is fitted with occupant restraint assemblies
                            anchored to the vehicle, each restraint assembly
                            anchorage must be secure,

                     (vi) if the bus is fitted with an emergency exit door,

                            (A) the passage of ambulatory persons or persons in
                                wheelchairs must not be blocked by any fixed
                                obstruction, and

                            (B) the door release mechanism must function from
                                inside and outside the vehicle,

                    (vii) if the bus is fitted with a ramp or power lift,

                            (A) the means of attachment of the ramp or power
                                lift to the vehicle must be secure with no
                                fastening parts missing, and

                            (B) when the ramp or power lift is in the stored
                                position, the ramp or power lift shall be secured
                                by means other than a support or lug in the door,
                                and in such a manner as to pose no potential
                                hazard to occupants of the vehicle,

                          and

                   (viii) if the bus is equipped with a power lift, the lift
                          platform must rise and descend smoothly when
                          activated by the appropriate controls.

             (3) Subsection (2)(c) and (o) do not apply to a commercial bus
             used for the purpose of transporting

                 (a) a person who is

                        (i) committed to a correctional institution, as defined in
                            the Corrections Act, or a jail, including a military
                            guard room, remand centre, penitentiary, facility or
                            place designated as a place of open or secure custody
                            pursuant to the Youth Criminal Justice Act (Canada),
                            a place of custody, as defined in the Youth Justice
                            Act, a detention center or a place where a person is
                            held under a warrant of a judge, or

                        (ii) under arrest,

                   or

                 (b) physically disabled persons.



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Schedule 1      COMMERCIAL BUS EQUIPMENT AND SAFETY REGULATION AR 213/2006


             Subframe
               2(1) The subframe must comply with the standards set out in
               subsection (2).

               (2) The standards to be met by the subframe are as follows:

                   (a) subframe members must not be cracked;

                   (b) subframe members must not have loose rivets or bolts;

                   (c) subframe members, rivets and bolts must not show any
                       corrosion.


             Body frame
               3(1) A unitized or monocoque body of a commercial bus must
               comply with the standards set out in subsection (2).

               (2) The standards to be met by the body frame are as follows:

                   (a) structural members must not be cracked;

                   (b) structural members must not be perforated by corrosion;

                   (c) no structural member shall be missing;

                   (d) a chassis frame member must not have loose connecting
                       fasteners.


             Underbody
               4(1) In this section, “underbody” does not include the underbody
               of a separate cargo body.

               (2) The underbody of a commercial bus must comply with the
               standards set out in subsection (3).

               (3) The standards to be met by the underbody are as follows:

                   (a) the underbody must not have any perforations;

                   (b) the underbody must be in a safe condition;

                   (c) the underbody must not have any openings other than
                       those designed by the manufacturer.


             Windows and mirrors
               5(1) The windshields, windows and mirrors must comply with the
               standards set out in subsection (2).


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Schedule 1   COMMERCIAL BUS EQUIPMENT AND SAFETY REGULATION AR 213/2006


             (2) The standards to be met by windshields, windows and mirrors
             are as follows:

                 (a) opaque material or any other material must not be fitted in
                     place of glazing in the windshield or in the 2 front side
                     windows to the left or right of the driver’s seat;

                (b) glazing material must not

                      (i) be cracked, grazed, discoloured or fogged,

                     (ii) have exposed sharp edges, or

                    (iii) have any part missing;

                 (c) all glass used must comply with the standards and
                     specifications set out in the code for Safety Glazing
                     Materials for Glazing Motor Vehicles Operating on Land
                     Highways, as published by the American Standards
                     Association;

                (d) the windshield must be fitted with safety glass designated
                    as AS1 or AS10 within the meaning of the American
                    Standard Safety Code;

                 (e) any portion of the side and rear windows necessary to
                     provide a clear view for the driver must be fitted with
                     safety glass designated as AS1, AS2, AS4, AS6, AS10 or
                     AS11 within the meaning of the American Standard
                     Safety Code;

                 (f) where the vehicle has interior partitions or openings in the
                     roof or windows for standing passengers, the glass used
                     must be safety glass designated as AS1, AS2, AS3, AS4,
                     AS5, AS6, AS7, AS10, AS11, AS12 or AS13 within the
                     meaning of the American Standard Safety Code;

                (g) where banding was fitted on exposed edges of safety
                    glass, it must not be missing, loose or broken;

                (h) the windshield must not have any star, chip or crack
                    running from edge to edge

                      (i) in the area swept by the wiper blades, or

                     (ii) in an area that partly obstructs the operator’s field of
                          vision;

                 (i) the emergency window must operate smoothly and the
                     seals associated with the emergency window must be in
                     place and in good condition;


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Schedule 1      COMMERCIAL BUS EQUIPMENT AND SAFETY REGULATION AR 213/2006


                     (j) adequate directions for the use of the emergency window
                         must be displayed on or adjacent to the emergency
                         window;

                    (k) any emergency warning device fitted for the window must
                        function properly;

                     (l) where there is a window to the left of the driver’s seat that
                         is suitable for permitting a hand or arm signal, the window
                         must be easily opened from the inside;

                    (m) the inside rear view mirror, left outside mirror and right
                        outside mirror must be securely mounted and give the
                        driver an unobstructed view;

                    (n) no mirror shall

                          (i) be cracked or broken, or

                         (ii) have a reduction in its reflective surface.


                                       Part 2
                                 Fuel and Exhaust

             Fuel
               6(1) The fuel tank, filler pipe and cap and fuel lines must comply
               with the standards set out in subsection (2).

               (2) The standards to be met by the fuel system are as follows:

                    (a) the mountings or attachments of the fuel tank and fuel
                        lines must not be missing and must be secure;

                    (b) the neck of the filler pipe and cap must not be missing and
                        must be secure;

                    (c) the fuel system must not leak;

                    (d) all fuel line hose clamps must be in position and secure;

                    (e) if the fuel system is pressurized, the fuel system must
                        meet the applicable standards prescribed by the Canadian
                        Gas Association.


             Exhaust
               7(1) The exhaust pipe, muffler and tailpipe must comply with the
               standards set out in subsection (2).

               (2) The standards to be met by the exhaust system are as follows:


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Schedule 1      COMMERCIAL BUS EQUIPMENT AND SAFETY REGULATION AR 213/2006


                   (a) no component of the exhaust system shall be missing,
                       perforated, patched or insecurely mounted;

                   (b) the bus must have a muffler;

                   (c) no joint or seam shall leak;

                   (d) no component shall cause charring or other heat damage
                       to wiring, brake lining, fuel line or combustible material
                       of the bus;

                   (e) all exhaust connections except flange type must have
                       exhaust clamps;

                   (f) tailpipe must extend to but not protrude beyond the rear
                       bumper;

                   (g) no component of the exhaust system shall pass through
                       the occupant compartment;

                   (h) the exhaust system shall be designed and situated so that
                       an individual who enters or leaves the bus cannot be
                       burned by any component;

                   (i) the exhaust system must not be shortened or modified
                       from the original equipment so as to fail to direct the
                       exhaust beyond the underbody of the bus;

                   (j) the outlet of the exhaust system must not be located more
                       than 15 centimetres from the periphery of the underbody
                       past which the exhaust is directed.


             Engine controls
               8(1) The engine controls, the complete accelerator linkage system
               and the carburetor or injection pump controls and links must
               comply with the standards set out in subsection (2).

               (2) The standards to be met by the engine controls, accelerator
               linkage system, carburetor or injection pump controls and links are
               as follows:

                   (a) the return spring must be in place and not damaged;

                   (b) no component shall be missing, damaged, worn or out of
                       adjustment so as to prevent the engine speed dropping to
                       idle with the transmission in neutral when the accelerator
                       pedal is released;

                   (c) where the engine is equipped with an emergency braking
                       device, the engine must stop when the control is actuated
                       while the engine is idling.
                                        19
Schedule 1      COMMERCIAL BUS EQUIPMENT AND SAFETY REGULATION AR 213/2006


                                      Part 3
                                      Brakes

             Function components
               9(1) The friction components of the brake system must comply
               with the standards set out in subsection (2).

               (2) The standards to be met by the brake friction components are
               as follows:

                   (a) a drum or disc must not have any internal or external
                       crack on the friction surface, other than a normal heat
                       check crack, that may reach the edge of the drum or
                       periphery of the disc;

                   (b) a drum or disc must not have any mechanical damage to
                       the friction surface, other than normal wear;

                   (c) a riveted lining surface must not be closer than 2
                       millimetres to any rivet or bolt head;

                   (d) no rivet shall be loose or missing;

                   (e) brake lining must not

                        (i) be broken, cracked or loose on the shoe or pad, or

                       (ii) be so worn as to indicate a defective drum, disc or
                            warped shoe;

                   (f) bonded lining must not be thinner than 1.5 millimetres
                       when measured at the thinnest point;

                   (g) bolted linings must not be thinner than 8 millimetres when
                       measured at the centre of the shoe;

                   (h) oil or grease must not be present in a lining or pad friction
                       surface;

                   (i) a ventilated disc must not have broken or visibly cracked
                       cooling fins;

                   (j) a drum or disc must not be worn out of round or machined
                       beyond the limits recommended by the manufacturers, as
                       stamped on the drum or disc;

                   (k) all brakes must be adjusted for minimum lining-to-drum
                       clearance without brake drag;

                   (l) no mechanical or structural part of the brake drums or disc
                       brake pads shall be misaligned, badly worn, cracked,
                       broken, binding, seized, disconnected or insecure;
                                         20
Schedule 1      COMMERCIAL BUS EQUIPMENT AND SAFETY REGULATION AR 213/2006


                  (m) a hydraulic brake cylinder must not show evidence of
                      leakage;

                   (n) each automatic adjuster must be functional and perform in
                       accordance with the manufacturer’s specifications;

                   (o) a hydraulic brake piston must not fail to move when
                       moderate pressure is applied to the brake pedal;

                   (p) a grease retainer must not show evidence of leakage or be
                       missing.


             Mechanical linkages
               10(1) All mechanical linkage components of the brake system
               must comply with the standards set out in subsection (2).

               (2) The standards to be met by the brake mechanical linkage
               system are as follows:

                   (a) mechanical parts must be properly aligned;

                   (b) mechanical parts must not be badly worn, insecure,
                       binding, seized, frayed, disconnected, broken or missing.


             Hydraulic, vacuum and air brake components
               11(1) In this section, “hydraulic, vacuum and air components”
               includes reservoirs, fittings, valves, supports, hose clamps,
               connections, air chambers, air cleaners, hoses and tubes of the
               service brake system.

               (2) The hydraulic, vacuum and air components of the service brake
               system of a commercial bus must comply with the standards set out
               in subsection (3).

               (3) The standards to be met by the service brake system are as
               follows:

                   (a) there shall be no hydraulic or vacuum leak when

                        (i) vacuum, hydraulic or air boost systems are fully
                            charged, and

                       (ii) the service brakes are fully applied or released;

                   (b) hose and tubing must not

                        (i) be abraded, restricted, crimped, cracked, broken or
                            disconnected,

                       (ii) chafe against any part of the bus, or
                                        21
Schedule 1      COMMERCIAL BUS EQUIPMENT AND SAFETY REGULATION AR 213/2006


                       (iii) have damaged or missing clamps or supports;

                   (c) the brake tubing must not show any indication of leakage
                       or heavy corrosion scaling;

                   (d) the minimum hydraulic fluid level in any reservoir must

                        (i) not be lower than the level specified by the
                            manufacturer, or

                       (ii) if no specification is made by the manufacturer, not
                            be more than 10 millimetres below the lowest edge
                            of each filler opening;

                   (e) where the system is comprised of power-boosted
                       hydraulic brakes, the service brake pedal shall move
                       towards the applied position when the vacuum, air or
                       hydraulic pressure is first depleted by stopping the engine
                       and the engine is then started and moderate pressure is
                       applied on the service brake pedal;

                   (f) where the system is equipped with hydraulically-boosted
                       hydraulic brakes and an electrically driven hydraulic
                       pump for the reserve power system,

                        (i) the pump shall start and run, and

                       (ii) the brake pedal shall move toward the applied
                            position

                       when the hydraulic boost is first depleted by stopping the
                       engine and moderate pressure is then applied on the
                       service brake pedal while moving the ignition switch to
                       the “on” position;

                   (g) the air cleaner of the vacuum system or air compressor
                       must not be clogged.


             Service brake pedal
               12(1) The service brake pedal assembly must comply with the
               standards set out in subsection (2).

               (2) The standards to be met by the service brake pedal assembly
               are as follows:

                   (a) the service brake pedal shall not move toward the applied
                       position when

                        (i) moderate foot force is maintained on the service
                            brake pedal for 10 seconds, and

                                        22
Schedule 1   COMMERCIAL BUS EQUIPMENT AND SAFETY REGULATION AR 213/2006


                    (ii) where the brakes are power-boosted, the pressure
                         referred to in subclause (i) is applied while the
                         engine is running;

               (b) where the assembly is equipped with a service brake pedal
                   pad, the service brake pedal pad must be present, secure
                   and not badly worn;

               (c) where the assembly is equipped with a service brake pedal
                   anti-skid surface, the service brake pedal anti-skid surface
                   must not be badly worn;

               (d) the pedal and other components must not bind or cause
                   high friction;

               (e) the pedal lever assembly must be aligned and positioned
                   in accordance with the manufacturer’s specifications;

                (f) the total pedal travel shall not exceed 80% of the total
                    available travel when

                     (i) heavy foot force is applied to the service brake pedal,
                         and

                    (ii) where the brakes are power-boosted, the pressure
                         referred to in subclause (i) is applied while the
                         engine is running;

               (g) notwithstanding clause (f), where the bus is equipped with
                   a hydraulic boost braking system, the foot force applied to
                   the pedal for the purposes of clause (f)(i) shall not exceed
                   8.3 newtons;

               (h) the hydraulic master cylinder push rod must be properly
                   adjusted;

                (i) the brake failure warning lamp must be operative;

                (j) the brake failure warning lamp must not come on when

                     (i) heavy foot force is maintained on the service brake
                         pedal, and

                    (ii) in the case of brakes that are power-boosted, the
                         pressure referred to in subclause (i) is applied while
                         the engine is running;

               (k) notwithstanding clause (j), where the bus is equipped with
                   a hydraulic boost braking system, the foot force applied to
                   the pedal for the purposes of clause (j) shall not exceed
                   8.3 newtons;


                                     23
Schedule 1      COMMERCIAL BUS EQUIPMENT AND SAFETY REGULATION AR 213/2006


                   (l) the vacuum gauge must be operative;

                  (m) with the engine stopped, the low vacuum warning device
                      must operate,

                        (i) where a vacuum gauge is fitted, prior to the vacuum
                            reserve dropping to less than 20 centimetres of
                            mercury, or

                       (ii) where a vacuum gauge is not fitted, in sufficient time
                            so that there is at least one boosted brake application
                            available after the warning device is activated.


             Brake warning device
               13(1) The brake low pressure warning device must comply with
               the standards set out in subsection (2).

               (2) The standard to be met by the brake low pressure warning
               device is that the air brake light or warning device must come on
               when the air pressure is reduced to between 414 kilopascals and
               345 kilopascals gauge range.


             Emergency or parking brake
               14(1) The emergency or parking brake system must comply with
               the standards set out in subsection (2).

               (2) The standards to be met by the emergency or parking brake
               system are as follows:

                   (a) the emergency or parking brake when applied must hold
                       the vehicle on a 20% grade;

                   (b) the mechanism while in the “off” position must fully
                       release the brakes;

                   (c) pull cables if applicable

                        (i) must not be worn, stretched or frayed, and

                       (ii) must operate freely;

                   (d) the parking brake, when fully applied and not held by foot
                       or hand force or by hydraulic or air pressure, shall hold
                       the bus stationary against the engine momentarily while
                       the bus is operated in reverse gear and low forward gear at
                       a light throttle setting;

                   (e) the emergency brake, when fully applied and with the
                       transmission in a low forward gear, must momentarily

                                        24
Schedule 1      COMMERCIAL BUS EQUIPMENT AND SAFETY REGULATION AR 213/2006


                        hold the bus stationary against the engine at a light throttle
                        setting;

                   (f) when the emergency brake mechanism is in the fully
                       applied position there must be reserve travel available.


             Air brake system
               15(1) This section applies to a commercial bus that is equipped
               with air brakes.

               (2) The air brake system must comply with the standards set out in
               subsection (3).

               (3) The standards to be met by the air brake system are as follows:

                   (a) hoses, tubes and connections must not

                        (i) leak or be restricted, abraded, crimped, cracked or
                            broken;

                       (ii) rub against any bus structure;

                       (iii) have damaged or missing clamps or supports;

                   (b) the air safety valve must operate in accordance with the
                       manufacturer’s specifications;

                   (c) the compressor drive belt where applicable must

                        (i) be adjusted to the tension specified by the
                            manufacturer, and

                       (ii) not be cracked or frayed;

                   (d) the air compressor air cleaner must be clean;

                   (e) the time required to build up air pressure from 344
                       kilopascals to 620 kilopascals must not exceed 2 minutes
                       when the engine is running at a steady fast idle;

                   (f) the low pressure warning device must operate when
                       system pressure is reduced to 379 kilopascals;

                   (g) the governor cut in pressure must not be lower than 551
                       kilopascals gauge measure and the cut out pressure must
                       not be higher than 930 kilopascals gauge measure unless
                       other pressures are specified by the manufacturer;

                   (h) with the air brake system fully charged and the engine
                       stopped, air pressure drop must not exceed,


                                         25
Schedule 1      COMMERCIAL BUS EQUIPMENT AND SAFETY REGULATION AR 213/2006


                        (i) with the service brakes released, 14 kilopascals in
                            one minute, and

                       (ii) with the service brake fully applied, 20 kilopascals in
                            one minute;

                   (i) compressed air reserve must be sufficient to permit

                        (i) 2 full service brake applications from governor cut in
                            pressure, or

                       (ii) after the engine is stopped, one full service brake
                            application from the fully charged system without
                            lowering reservoir pressure more than 20%;

                   (j) the air pressure gauge must be operative;

                   (k) each air reservoir drain valve must

                        (i) be actuated, and

                       (ii) function properly when the air system is fully
                            charged and the engine is running.


             Stopping capability
               16(1) The service brake system must comply with the standards
               set out in subsection (2).

               (2) The standards to be met by the service brake system are as
               follows:

                   (a) when maximum service brake pressure is applied at a
                       speed of between 10 and 30 kilometres per hour, the
                       wheels must lock;

                   (b) the components of the service brake system must not fail;

                   (c) the bus must not pull to the right or left when the brake is
                       applied;

                   (d) the brakes must release immediately when pressure is
                       released from the pedal;

                   (e) braking efficiency must be within the recommendation of
                       the dynamometer or meter manufacturer;

                   (f) the brakes must be properly adjusted.




                                        26
Schedule 1      COMMERCIAL BUS EQUIPMENT AND SAFETY REGULATION AR 213/2006


                                    Part 4
                             Lights and Electrical

             Lamps, reflectors and battery
               17(1) All prescribed lamps, lights and reflectors must comply with
               the standards set out in subsection (2).

               (2) The standards to be met by lamps, lights and reflectors are as
               follows:

                   (a) every filament in every bulb or unit must light when
                       switched to the “on” position;

                   (b) a circuit must not interfere with another circuit;

                   (c) all lenses and reflectors must be in place, unbroken and
                       correctly mounted;

                   (d) each lamp must

                        (i) not be missing, and

                        (ii) be securely mounted;

                   (e) a lamp must not be coated with a coloured lacquer;

                   (f) a lamp must not be modified by the attachment of any
                       device to the lamp or to the bus that reduces

                        (i) the effective area of the lens, or

                        (ii) the brightness of the light;

                   (g) each headlamp shutter or retracting headlamp must

                        (i) operate over the full range of movement, or

                        (ii) be secured in the fully open position;

                   (h) the turn signal lamp switch and the flasher must operate in
                       accordance with the manufacturer’s specifications and the
                       indicator lamp must flash;

                   (i) the high and low beam switch must operate in accordance
                       with the manufacturer’s specifications;

                   (j) the high beam indicator lamp must light and must operate
                       in accordance with the manufacturer’s specifications;

                   (k) the hazard warning lamps must operate in accordance
                       with the manufacturer’s specifications and the indicator
                       lamp must flash;

                                         27
Schedule 1      COMMERCIAL BUS EQUIPMENT AND SAFETY REGULATION AR 213/2006


                     (l) the engine, headlight, stop and tail light and hazard light
                         wiring harness must not be damaged by abrasion or
                         deterioration;

                    (m) the battery cables must be in good condition, free of
                        corrosion and firmly attached to the battery, starter and
                        engine;

                    (n) the battery must be free of corrosion and in good
                        condition and securely attached to the bus;

                    (o) the alternator belts must be adjusted in accordance with
                        the manufacturer’s recommendations and must not be
                        cracked or frayed;

                    (p) where a mechanical aimer is used, the head lamp aim
                        must be in accordance with the manufacturer’s
                        specifications;

                    (q) when measured on an aiming board constructed in
                        accordance with the Society of Automotive Engineers
                        Standards No. J602 specifications, as amended,

                          (i) the centre of a head lamp on the high beam high
                              intensity zone must

                              (A) not be above or more than 10 centimetres below
                                  the horizontal centre line of the lamp, and

                              (B) not be more than 10 centimetres to the left or
                                  right of the vertical centre line of the lamp,

                         (ii) the top edge of a head lamp on the low beam high
                              intensity zone must not be more than 5 centimetres
                              above or below the horizontal centre line of the lamp,
                              and

                        (iii) the left edge of the low line of the lamp and the left
                              edge of the low beam high intensity zone must not be
                              to the left or more than 15 centimetres to the right of
                              the vertical centre line of the lamp.


             Horn
               18(1) The horn must comply with the standards set out in
               subsection (2).

               (2) The standards to be met by the horn are as follows:

                    (a) the horn must be secure on its mounting;


                                          28
Schedule 1      COMMERCIAL BUS EQUIPMENT AND SAFETY REGULATION AR 213/2006


                   (b) the horn operating mechanism must function in
                       accordance with the manufacturer’s specifications.


             Transmission neutral safety starting switch
               19(1) If a commercial bus has an automatic transmission, the
               neutral safety starting switch must comply with the standards set
               out in subsection (2).

               (2) The standards to be met by the neutral safety starting switch
               are as follows:

                   (a) the neutral safety starting switch must not be missing;

                   (b) the starter must operate only when the gear selector or
                       transmission is in the “P” or “N” position.


             Windshield wipers and washers
               20(1) The windshield wipers and washers must comply with the
               standards set out in subsection (2).

               (2) The standards to be met by the windshield wipers and washers
               are as follows:

                   (a) each part of the windshield wiper system must be in place
                       and not be worn or in a condition so that its effectiveness
                       is impaired;

                   (b) each wiper arm and blade assembly must sweep the area
                       specified by the manufacturer;

                   (c) the windshield washer system must function in
                       accordance with the manufacturer’s specifications.


             Instruments
               21(1) All instruments and gauges must comply with the standards
               set out in subsection (2).

               (2) The standards to be met by the instruments and gauges are as
               follows:

                   (a) all instruments and gauges must be functional and clearly
                       visible to the operator;

                   (b) a lens must not be scratched, cracked or impair the
                       legibility for the operator;

                   (c) all instrument and gauge lights must be functional.


                                        29
Schedule 1      COMMERCIAL BUS EQUIPMENT AND SAFETY REGULATION AR 213/2006


             Door interlocks
               22 If a commercial bus is equipped with a loading and unloading
               door interlock system, the interlock system, braking system and
               master override controls must function in accordance with the
               manufacturer’s specifications.


             Heater, defroster and hoses
               23(1) The interior heater, heater motor, defroster and hoses must
               comply with the standards set out in subsection (2).

               (2) The standards to be met by interior heaters, heater motors,
               defroster and hoses are as follows:

                   (a) interior heaters must function in accordance with the
                       manufacturer’s specifications;

                   (b) heater motors and fans must function in accordance with
                       the manufacturer’s specifications;

                   (c) the windshield defroster system must deliver air to the
                       windshield, the driver’s side window and the door glass
                       panels unless the bus is equipped with frost resistant glass
                       panels;

                   (d) all heater hoses and radiator hoses must be in good
                       condition;

                   (e) the visible portions of the hoses and piping for the interior
                       heaters routed within the occupant compartment must not
                       be abraded, cracked or leaking.


                                    Part 5
                          Steering and Suspension

             Steering
               24(1) The steering mechanism must comply with the standards set
               out in subsection (2).

               (2) The standards to be met by the steering mechanism are as
               follows:

                   (a) the steering column and steering box must be securely
                       mounted to the body and frame with the prescribed
                       number of bolts torqued to the manufacturer’s
                       specifications;

                   (b) the steering mast jacket bearings must meet the
                       manufacturer’s specifications;


                                        30
Schedule 1   COMMERCIAL BUS EQUIPMENT AND SAFETY REGULATION AR 213/2006


               (c) the steering shaft coupling and spline must be secure with
                   no

                     (i) visible separation of flex couplings, or

                    (ii) visible sign of wear at the splines or U joints;

               (d) where the steering column is equipped with an energy
                   absorbing section, that section must not appear on visual
                   inspection to be damaged so as to reduce its effectiveness;

               (e) free movement of the steering wheel rim must not exceed
                   30 degrees or, where a limit is designated by the
                   manufacturer, that limit, when

                     (i) the front wheels are stationary and are on the ground
                         in the straight ahead position, and

                    (ii) in the case of a bus equipped with power-boosted
                         steering, the engine is running;

                (f) there must be no end play in the worm or sector of the
                    steering box;

               (g) sector bushing wear must not exceed 0.381 millimetres;

               (h) the front wheels must turn from full right to full left and
                   back again without interference, jamming or roughness in
                   the mechanism;

                (i) tie rod ends and drag linkage ends must not have vertical
                    or lateral play beyond what is acceptable good shop
                    practice;

                (j) when the bus is supported so that the steering linkage is in
                    its normal attitude, without movement of the opposite
                    wheel, no front wheel shall have play about a vertical axis
                    of

                     (i) 6 millimetres or more for a tire diameter designation
                         of 16 or less,

                    (ii) 9 millimetres or more for a tire diameter designation
                         that is greater than 16 but not greater than 18, or

                   (iii) 12 millimetres or more for a tire diameter
                         designation that is greater than 18,

                    as measured at the extreme front or rear of the tire tread
                    face;

               (k) the axle king pin eyes must not be out of round;

                                     31
Schedule 1      COMMERCIAL BUS EQUIPMENT AND SAFETY REGULATION AR 213/2006


                   (l) the steering linkage must not be damaged and if damaged
                       must be replaced and not repaired;

                  (m) the steering linkage must not be modified so as to
                      adversely affect the steering so that the vehicle’s steering
                      is no longer in accordance with the manufacturer’s
                      alignment specifications;

                   (n) there must be no excessive play in the steering linkage
                       joint;

                   (o) where power steering is equipped with a belt driven power
                       steering pump, the belt must

                        (i) not be missing, cut, frayed or cracked, and

                       (ii) have the tension set in accordance with the
                            manufacturer’s specifications;

                   (p) power steering hoses must not have cracks, peeling,
                       exterior damage or expansion at crimping points;

                   (q) the power steering ram must not be damaged;

                   (r) the power steering ram seal must not leak;

                   (s) the ram ball joints must be adjusted and aligned in
                       accordance with the manufacturer’s specifications;

                   (t) the fluid in the power steering reservoir must not be lower
                       than the minimum level specified by the bus
                       manufacturer;

                   (u) when the engine is running,

                        (i) the power steering system must operate as intended,
                            and

                       (ii) the hydraulic system must not show excessive fluid
                            leakage;

                   (v) no nut, bolt or cotter pin shall be loose, badly worn or
                       missing.


             Wheel alignment
               25 The wheels must be aligned so that the wheels are not visibly
               out of alignment while all the wheels are on the ground and the
               front wheels are in the straight ahead position.




                                        32
Schedule 1      COMMERCIAL BUS EQUIPMENT AND SAFETY REGULATION AR 213/2006


             Suspension
               26(1) The suspension must comply with the standards set out in
               subsection (2).

               (2) The standards to be met by the suspension are as follows:

                   (a) the rear axle must track in accordance with the
                       manufacturer’s specifications;

                   (b) front and rear springs, shackles, U-bolts, centrebolts,
                       radius rods, control arms, shock-absorbers, equalizers,
                       stabilizers and their supports and attachments must not be
                       loose, bent, cracked, broken, disconnected, perforated by
                       corrosion or missing;

                   (c) shackle pins and bushings must not have a combined wear
                       of more than 4.75 millimetres;

                   (d) radius rods and stabilizer link bushings must not be loose;

                   (e) the shock-absorbers must not leak;

                   (f) nuts and bolts must not be loose, worn or missing;

                   (g) cotter pins must not be missing;

                   (h) where the bus is equipped with full air brakes and the
                       engine is started with a zero gauge air brake system, air
                       shall not begin to flow into the suspension system until
                       the pressure in the brake system reaches 379 kilopascals
                       gauge measure;

                   (i) no air leakage shall occur when air in the suspension
                       system is at normal operating pressure and the pusher or
                       tag axle, if fitted, is tested in the load and reduced load
                       sharing modes;

                   (j) where the system has a pusher or tag axle, the pusher or
                       tag axle shall respond properly to its load sharing control
                       switch or valve when air in the suspension system is at
                       normal operating pressure;

                   (k) when air in the suspension system is at normal operating
                       pressure, the body and chassis frame must

                        (i) be supported clear of all axles, and

                       (ii) appear to be level;

                   (l) suspension joints of a variable load sharing axle with
                       independent suspension must not be worn beyond the
                       limits specified by the manufacturer;
                                        33
Schedule 1      COMMERCIAL BUS EQUIPMENT AND SAFETY REGULATION AR 213/2006


                   (m) ball joints that carry load must not have play in excess of
                       the manufacturer’s specifications;

                   (n) ball joints that do not carry load must not show any
                       perceptible play other than that specified by the
                       manufacturer;

                   (o) the control arm inner pivots must not have excessive play;

                   (p) wheel and axle bearings must not give any indication of
                       excessive wear or damage;

                   (q) wheel and axle bearings must not have excess play or
                       binding;

                    (r) wear-indicating ball joints must not show excessive wear
                        while bearing a load with the wheels of the bus on the
                        ground;

                   (s) in the case of king pins, no front wheel shall have a
                       rocking play about a horizontal axle in excess of

                          (i) 6 millimetres or more for a tire diameter designation
                              of 16 or less,

                         (ii) 9 millimetres or more for a tire diameter designation
                              that is greater than 16 but not greater than 18, or

                         (iii) 12 millimetres or more for a tire diameter
                               designation that is greater than 18,

                         as measured at the extreme top or bottom of the tire tread
                         face.


             Driveline
               27(1) The drive shaft and the universal joints must comply with
               the standards set out in subsection (2).

               (2) The standards to be met by the drive shaft and the universal
               joints are as follows:

                   (a) the drive shaft and the universal joints must not

                          (i) be damaged, or

                         (ii) have any loose, missing or damaged bolts or
                              retainers;

                   (b) the drive shaft slip yokes and stub shaft splines must not
                       be worn more than 20% of the original spline width;


                                          34
Schedule 1      COMMERCIAL BUS EQUIPMENT AND SAFETY REGULATION AR 213/2006


                     (c) hanger brackets and drive shaft guards must be securely
                         mounted;

                     (d) no drive shaft guard or hanger bracket shall be missing.


                                     Part 6
                                 Wheels and Tires

             Wheels
               28(1) All wheels, studs, rims and wheel bearings installed on axles
               must comply with the standards set out in subsection (2).

               (2) The standards to be met by the wheels, studs, rims and wheel
               bearings installed on axles are as follows:

                     (a) a wheel must not be bent, cracked or damaged so that it
                         does not operate in accordance with good shop practice;

                     (b) a wheel that has been repaired must not be used;

                     (c) a wheel stud, bolt, clamp, nut, spacer, lock ring or lug
                         must not be loose, missing, damaged, broken, mismatched
                         or have insufficient thread engagement;

                     (d) rims must not be bent, cracked or damaged so as to
                         adversely affect the seating of the tire beads;

                     (e) wheel bearings, cones and cups must not be pitted or worn
                         beyond the manufacturer’s specifications;

                     (f) wheel bearings must be adjusted in accordance with the
                         manufacturer’s specifications;

                     (g) a cast wheel must not show evidence of excessive wear in
                         the clamp area;

                     (h) wheel spokes must not be missing, loose or broken.


             Tires
               29(1) In this section, “construction type” means a type of tire
               carcass and includes

                     (a) bias ply,

                     (b) belted bias, and

                     (c) radial ply,

               but does not include variations in tread pattern or in cord material
               used in building a tire carcass.

                                            35
Schedule 1    COMMERCIAL BUS EQUIPMENT AND SAFETY REGULATION AR 213/2006


             (2) Each tire must comply with the standards set out in subsection
             (3).

             (3) The standards to be met by the tires are as follows:

                 (a) subject to clauses (b) and (c), a tire must not be worn so
                     that

                      (i) the tread wear indicators contact the road, or

                      (ii) less than 1.5 millimetres of tread remains in any 2
                           adjacent major grooves at 3 equally spaced intervals
                           around the circumference of the tire;

                 (b) notwithstanding clause (a)(ii),

                      (i) where a transit bus is equipped with dual tires, the
                          siping on those tires must not be less than 1.5
                          millimetres in depth, and

                      (ii) no commercial bus other than a transit bus shall be
                           equipped with tires that show indication of siping
                           only;

                 (c) a front tire shall not be worn so that

                      (i) less than 3 millimetres of tread remains in any 2
                          adjacent major grooves at 3 equally spaced intervals
                          around the circumference of the tire, or

                      (ii) there is indication of siping only;

                 (d) a snow, lug or grip tire must not be smooth for over 30%
                     of its centre;

                 (e) a tire must not have exposed cord at worn spots;

                 (f) a tire must not have cuts or snags deep enough to

                      (i) expose the cord, or

                      (ii) affect the safety of the tire;

                 (g) a tire must not have any abnormal visible lump, bulge or
                     knot related to tread or side-wall separation or to failure or
                     partial failure of the tire structure, including the bead
                     areas;

                 (h) except a tire designed for recutting and marked by the
                     manufacturer as being so designed, a tire must not have
                     been regrooved or recut below the original new tire
                     groove depth;

                                        36
Schedule 1   COMMERCIAL BUS EQUIPMENT AND SAFETY REGULATION AR 213/2006


                (i) a tire must not be of a smaller size than is marked on the
                    vehicle placard or oversized so that it contacts the bus
                    body structure;

                (j) a bus must not be fitted with both radial ply and bias ply
                    tires unless it is in accordance with the tire manufacturer’s
                    specifications;

               (k) dual tires must not

                     (i) be in contact with each other, or

                    (ii) differ from each other by more than 13 millimetres in
                         diameter or by more than 38 millimetres in
                         circumference;

                (l) a tire must have the correct air pressure;

               (m) the load capacity of the tires must be equal to or greater
                   than the gross vehicle weight rating limit of the bus;

               (n) every tire valve and valve stem must

                     (i) function in accordance with the manufacturer’s
                         specifications, and

                    (ii) not be worn or damaged;

               (o) a recap tire must not be used on a front wheel;

               (p) a commercial bus must not be fitted with both sixty and
                   fifty series tires;

               (q) a commercial bus must not be fitted with a combination of
                   construction types or sizes on an axle unless that
                   combination is stated to be equivalent by tire industry
                   standards;

                (r) a commercial bus must not be fitted with a tire that

                     (i) bears the wording “not for highway use”, “farm use
                         only”, “competition circuit use only” or any other
                         wording or lettering indicating that the tire was not
                         designed for highway use, or

                    (ii) bears the letters “SL”, “NHS” or “TG” after the tire
                         designation.




                                     37
Schedule 1      COMMERCIAL BUS EQUIPMENT AND SAFETY REGULATION AR 213/2006


                                       Part 7
                                     Lubrication

             Lubrication
               30(1) The lubrication of a commercial bus must comply with the
               standards set out in subsection (2).

               (2) The standards to be met for the lubrication of a commercial bus
               are as follows:

                   (a) the bus must be lubricated in accordance with the
                       maintenance program for that bus required under section 7
                       of this Regulation;

                   (b) the bus must not have excessive oil or grease leaks.


                                       Part 8
                              Cleanliness, Safety and
                              Emergency Equipment

             Cleanliness
               31(1) The bus must comply with the standards for cleanliness set
               out in subsection (2).

               (2) The cleanliness standards to be met are as follows:

                   (a) the interior, exterior, windows and engine of the bus must
                       be clean;

                   (b) the tool storage area must be in order;

                   (c) there must not be loose items in the interior of the bus.


             Fire fighting equipment
               32(1) The fire fighting equipment on the bus must comply with
               the standards set out in subsection (2).

               (2) The standards to be met for fire fighting equipment are as
               follows:

                   (a) if the vehicle is equipped with a fire axe,

                           (i) the fire axe must be securely attached to the bus so
                               that it is

                              (A) readily available to the driver, and

                               (B) not an obstruction to occupants of the bus,

                            and
                                           38
Schedule 1       COMMERCIAL BUS EQUIPMENT AND SAFETY REGULATION AR 213/2006


                         (ii) the fire axe attachment bracket must be securely
                              mounted;

                    (b) a fire extinguisher must be securely mounted in a suitable
                        bracket in the forward end of the bus so that it is easily
                        accessible to the driver or near the entrance door;

                    (c) the fire extinguisher must meet the requirements set out in
                        the Commercial Vehicle General Equipment and Safety
                        Regulation (AR 435/86);

                    (d) the fire extinguisher must

                             (i) have a gauge to read the state of charge, and

                         (ii) have a charge that is in the designated zone for full
                              charge;

                    (e) the date of service of the fire extinguisher must be
                        inspected;

                     (f) at the time of the bus inspection, the fire extinguisher
                         must be removed from its bracket, tipped upside down
                         and shaken.


             First aid kit
                33 The bus must have a first aid kit that meets the requirements of
                section 16 of this Regulation.


             Warning devices
                34 The bus must be equipped with warning devices as required
                under the Commercial Vehicle General Equipment and Safety
                Regulation (AR 435/86).




                                             39
Schedule 2   COMMERCIAL BUS EQUIPMENT AND SAFETY REGULATION AR 213/2006


                              Schedule 2

              Safety Systems Maintenance Inspection




                              Schedule 3

                              First Aid Kit
             1    4   bandage compresses 150 mm
                 6    bandage compresses 100 mm
                 10   gauze pads 100 mm x 100 mm
                 10   gauze pads 50 mm x 50 mm
                 1    gauze compress

                                   40
Schedule 3   COMMERCIAL BUS EQUIPMENT AND SAFETY REGULATION AR 213/2006


                 2 conform gauze bandages 50 mm
                 2 crepe bandages 75 mm
                 3 crepe bandages 50 mm
                 6 triangular bandages
                 50 adhesive dressings
                 20 antiseptic swabs
                 2 adhesive tapes 25 mm x 5 m
                 10 safety pins assorted
                 1 pair of scissors
                 1 pair of tweezers
                 10 towellettes, pre-moistened
                 2 eye dressings, dry
                 Tubular finger bandage and applicator 5 m.
             2   Condensed version of St. John’s Ambulance first aid manual.
             3   Injury record book.
             4   Inventory of kit contents.




                                       41

				
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