Study Guide_ The Presidency and Bureaucracy by hcj


									Study Guide: The Presidency and Bureaucracy

Date Due
Monday, October 19, 2009
   1. Read p. 392-433
   2. Answer questions 1 – 10 – Chapter 13
   3. Define Vocabulary for Chapter 13
   4. Start learning the list of presidents and the handout on the Executive Office

Thursday, October 22, 2009
   1. Reading Question #11 – Chapter 13 – 1-page essay – Due Tuesday, 10-27-09
   2. Read the handout on the Imperial Presidency

Friday, October 23, 2009
    1. Read articles and make summary or outline of the main points. a) George Reedy, b) Clinton
        Rossiter - make sure you do the reading questions.

Monday, October 26
  1. Nuestadt Reading Questions
         a. Quiz on Neustadt article
  2. Read Federalist papers, answer-reading questions.

Tuesday, October 27, 2009
1. Chapter 13 – essay

Friday, October 30, 2009
     1. Read Chapter 15
     2. Answer chapter 15 reading questions and vocabulary

Monday, November 2, 2009
  1. Read “Constitutional Democracy and Bureaucratic Power,” by Peter Woll
  2. Answer reading questions - Quiz

Tuesday, November 3, 2009
   1. Read book review on James Q. Wilson, “Bureaucracy: What Government Agencies Do and Why
       They Do It”
   2. Based upon the review, make a list of the reasons why the federal bureaucracy works the way it
       does according to Wilson

Wednesday, November 4, 2009
  1. More Bureaucracy
  2. Study Review guides.

Thursday, November 5, 2009
   1. Study for Test for Presidency and Bureaucracy
   2. Essay reviews

Friday, November 6, 2009
    1. Unit Three Essay Exam
Monday, November 9, 2009
  1. Unit Three – Multiple Choice Exam

Reading Questions
Chapter 13: The Presidency
1. Describe the constitutional process of impeachment and explain why it is so difficult to remove a
discredited president before the end of his term.
2. Outline the procedures established in the Twenty-fifth Amendment to deal with presidential succession
and presidential disability.
3. Trace the evolution of the presidency from the limited office envisioned by the framers to the more
powerful contemporary office.
4. Identify the major offices and positions that serve as key aides and advisors to the president.
5. Examine the ways in which the American system of separation of powers is actually one of shared
6. Review methods by which presidents may improve their chances of obtaining party support in
7. Summarize the constitutional powers that are allocated to the president in the realm of national
8. Identify and review major roles and functions of the president, such as chief executive, chief legislator,
commander in chief, and crisis manager.
9. Determine the role that public opinion plays in setting and implementing the president's agenda.
10. Describe the methods used by presidents and their advisors to encourage the media to project a
positive image of the president's activities and policies.
11. Examine the impact that changing world events (such as the transition from the 1950s and 1960s to
the era of Vietnam and Watergate) have had on public debate over whether a "strong" president is a threat
or a support to democratic government.

Chapter 15: The Bureaucracy
1. Identify common myths that surround the bureaucracy and either justify or refute them.
2. Describe in what ways the permanent bureaucracy is broadly representative of the American people.
3. Trace the development of the American bureaucracy from the "spoils system" to the "merit system."
4. Identify and describe several theories of the functions and organization of bureaucracies.
5. Describe the functions of the four basic types of federal agencies: cabinet departments, regulatory
agencies, government corporations, and independent executive agencies.
6. Understand what the textbook means when it says that bureaucracies are essentially implementers of
policy and why implementation of policy can break down.
7. Determine the importance of administrative routine and administrative discretion.
8. Evaluate the effects that the movement toward deregulation has had on the American economy.
9. Determine how presidents try to control the bureaucracy and how Congress tries to control the
10. Investigate the importance of iron triangles and issue networks.
11. Explain the relationship between democratic theory and the operations of bureaucracies.

Court Cases:
Of course, there may be more.
1. United States v. Nixon (1973)
2. INS v. Chadha (1983)
3. Clinton v. New York City (1998)
Terms you will need to Know: (For this portion, write it out in the following table format)

Term                     Definition/What is it?      Under What              Why Needed?

1. Congressional Budget and Impoundment Act (1974)
2. War Powers Act (1973)
3. Presidential Succession Act of 1947
4. Civil Service Reform Act of 1978
5. Whistle Blower Protection Act (1989)
6. National Security Council (NSC)
7. Freedom of Information Act (1966)
8. National Environmental Policy Act (1969)
9. Pendleton Act (1883)
Chapter 13 - Vocabulary
1. Cabinet:                                              9. Presidential coattails
2. Crisis:                                               10. Press Secretary
3. Impeachment:                                          11. Twenty-fifth Amendment
4. Legislative veto:                                     12. Twenty-second Amendment
5. National Security Council:                            13. Veto
6. Office of Management and Budget:                      14. War Power Resolution
7. Pocket veto:                                          15. Watergate
8. Presidential approval                                 16. Lame Duck
                                                         17. Electoral College
                                                         18. Bully Pulpit

Chapter 15 – Vocabulary
1. Administrative discretion:                            14. Independent regulatory agency
2. Bureaucracy:                                          15. Iron-Triangles
3. Civil service:                                        16. Merit principle
4. Command-and-control policy:                           17. Office of Personnel Management
5. Deregulation:                                         18. Patronage
6. Executive orders:                                     19. Pendleton Civil Service Act
7. Fragmentation:                                        20. Policy implementation
8. Government Corporation:                               21. Regulation
9. GS (General Schedule) rating:                         22. Senior Executive Service
10. Hatch Act:                                           23. Standard operating procedures
11. Implementation:                                      24. Street-level bureaucrats
12. Incentive system:
13. Independent executive agency:

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