Winston-Salem

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Winston-Salem, North Carolina

Winston-Salem, North Carolina
Winston-Salem, North Carolina Area code(s) Website 336 City of Winston-Salem, NC

Skyline of Winston-Salem

Seal

Logo

Nickname(s): Twin City, Camel City, The Dash Motto: Your Life. Enriched.

Winston-Salem is a city in the U.S. state of North Carolina. Winston-Salem is the county seat and largest city of Forsyth County and the fourth-largest city[2] in the state. Winston-Salem is a prominent municipality in the Piedmont Triad region and is home to some of the tallest office buildings in the region, such as the Wachovia Center. It is called the "Twin City" for its dual heritage, or "Camel City", a reference to Camel cigarettes and the city’s prominent tobacco industry; locals use "Winston" in informal speech. Winston-Salem is home to two universities: Wake Forest University, a nationally distinguished private university and WinstonSalem State University, an HBCU founded in 1892.

Overview
The Old Salem district and related Historic Bethabara site are the city’s oldest historical attractions. Also of historical interest is Reynolda Village (which includes Reynolda Gardens and the Reynolda House Museum of American Art). Other sites of interest include the Horne Creek Historic Farm, Tanglewood Park golf course, the SciWorks educational facility, and SECCA, the Southeastern Center for Contemporary Art. The city’s major sports and entertainment venues are organized in a group known as the Winston-Salem Entertainment-Sports Complex. The Winston-Salem metropolitan area (MSA) has an estimated population of 490,159 according to the 2004 estimate by the U.S. Census Bureau. As of 2007, the combined statistical area (CSA) of Greensboro/Winston-Salem/High Point, the Piedmont Triad, has a population of 1,535,926, making it the 30th-largest metropolitan area in the USA.[3]

Location in North Carolina

Coordinates: 36°6′9.95″N 80°15′37.77″W / 36.1027639°N 80.2604917°W / 36.1027639; -80.2604917 Country State Counties Founded Consolidated Government - Mayor Area - City - Land - Water Elevation United States North Carolina Forsyth County 1766 Salem 1849 Winston 1913 Allen Joines (D) 132.4 sq mi (176.6 km2) 129.6 sq mi (335.7 km2) 2.8 sq mi (4.5 km2) 970 ft (295.7 m)

Population (2008)[1][2] 224,889 - City 1,400.7/sq mi (559.0/km2) - Density 490,159 - Metro Time zone - Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC-5) EDT (UTC-4)

History

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Winston-Salem, North Carolina
Square and "God’s Acre", the Moravian Graveyard, are the site each Easter morning of the world-famous Moravian sunrise service. This service, sponsored by all the Moravian church parishes in the City, attracts thousands of worshippers each year and has earned the name of "the Easter City" for Winston-Salem.

Salem
The origin of the town of Salem dates back to January 1753, when Bishop August Gottlieb Spangenberg, on behalf of the Moravian Church, selected a settlement site in the three forks of Muddy Creek. He called this area "die Wachau" (Latin form: Wachovia) named after the Austrian estate of Count Nicolaus Ludwig Zinzendorf. Wachovia Bank takes its name from this area where it was founded. The land, just short of 99,000 acres (400 km²), was subsequently purchased from John Carteret, 2nd Earl Granville.

Winston
In 1849, the town of Winston was founded, named after a local hero of the Revolutionary War, Joseph Winston, who was well-known in the town of Salem. Shortly thereafter, both Winston and Salem were incorporated into the newly formed Forsyth County. It thrived as an industrial town, producing tobacco products, furniture and textiles. In 1851, Winston was designated the county seat, and, with plans to connect the cities of Winston and Salem, the county courthouse square was placed just one mile (1.6 km) north of Salem’s square.

A house near Old Salem with the Wachovia Center skyscraper in the background. On November 17, 1753, the first settlers arrived at what would later become the town of Bethabara. This town, despite its rapid growth, was not designed to be the primary settlement on the tract. Instead, lots were drawn to select among suitable sites for the location of a new town. The town established on the chosen site was given the name of Salem (from the Hebrew word Shalom for "peace") chosen for it by the Moravians’ late patron, Count Zinzendorf. On 6 January, 1766, the first tree was felled for the building of Salem. Salem was a typical Moravian settlement congregation with the public buildings of the congregation grouped around a central square, today Salem Square. These included the church, a Brethren’s House and a Sisters’ House for the unmarried members of the Congregation, which owned all the property in town. For many years only members of the Moravian Church were permitted to live in the settlement. This practice had ended by the American Civil War. Many of the original buildings in the settlement have been restored or rebuilt and are now part of Old Salem.[4] Salem

C.E. Bennett’s Bottling Works in Salem

Winston-Salem
In 1889, the United States Post Office Department combined the mail offices for the two towns, and the towns were officially joined with a hyphen as "Winston-Salem" in 1913. The Reynolds family, namesake of the R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company, played a large role in the history and public life of WinstonSalem. By the 1940s, 60% of Winston-Salem workers worked either for Reynolds or in the Hanes textile factories.[5] The Reynolds company imported so much French cigarette paper and Turkish tobacco for Camel cigarettes that Winston-Salem was designated by the United States federal government as an official port of entry for the United States, despite the city being 200 miles inland.[5]

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Winston-Salem was the eighth-largest port of entry in the United States by 1916.[5] In 1917, the company bought 84 acres of property in Winston-Salem and built 180 houses that it sold at cost to workers, to form a development called "Reynoldstown."[5] By the time R.J. Reynolds died in 1918, his company owned 121 buildings in Winston-Salem.

Winston-Salem, North Carolina
Bank (founded 1879) and Wachovia Loan and Trust (founded 1893). The company is today located in Charlotte, North Carolina. The J.A. and C.E. Bennett Marble and Granite Works was established in 1885. In 1901, J. Wesley Hanes’s Shamrock Hosiery Mills in Winston-Salem began making men’s socks. This foundational firm ultimately has now become known as Hanesbrands, Inc. The progenitors of Hanesbrands have been innovators in textiles introducing two-piece men’s underwear in 1902, nylon women’s hosiery in 1938, Panty hose in the 1960s, and Leggs brand hosiery in the 1970s. Like Reynolds, the firm made strong use of branding and marketing. In 1903, R. J. Reynolds advertised in the Winston newspaper a horse stud service for $15.00. In 1906, the Bennett Bottling Company produced Bennett’s Cola, a "Fine Carbonic Drink." The name was later changed to Winston-Salem Bottling Works in 1915. In 1928, teenager Thad Garner used $600 he had saved driving the high school bus to buy a barbecue stand. Soon after, the Garners began selling a spicy barbecue sauce that Thad’s mother was making in her kitchen. This sauce became Texas Pete, one of the best-selling hot sauces in the Southeast United States. In 1934, Malcolm Purcell McLean formed McLean Trucking Company. The firm benefited from the strong tobacco and textile industry headquartered in WinstonSalem. While headquartered in Winston Salem, McLean Trucking became the second largest trucking firm in the nation. Malcolm McLean became famous for his innovative introduction of the concept of containerization shipping in 1956 and creating the firm Sea-Land Service, Inc. (1960). In 1937, Krispy Kreme opened its first doughnut shop in Winston-Salem, in a rented building on South Main Street. The shop sold directly to customers in the historic district. In 1929 Quality Oil Company was organized in December 1929. Initially, the Company had been created to launch a distributorship for the then unheard of, Shell Oil Company. This distributorship was originally owned by W. H. Leonard and an unknown partner. Joe Glenn and

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Notable early businesses
• In 1874, R J Reynolds founded a tobacco company later famous for innovative branded products as Prince Phillip Chewing tobacco (1970) and Camel cigarettes (1917). Through the century, the firm was also an innovator in marketing making massive use of advertising and branding to promote its products. Example brands which it made famous are Camel, Winston, Salem, Doral, Eclipse. The Winston-Salem area is still the primary international manufacturing center for Reynolds brands of cigarettes.

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• The Winston-Tower, formerly the Wachovia Building • Wachovia Bank and Trust was formed in 1911 by the merger of Wachovia National

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his uncle, Bert Bennett, Sr. bought the business in 1930. • In 1948, Piedmont Airlines was officially formed out of the old Camel City Flying Service. The airline was based at Smith Reynolds Airport in Winston-Salem but marked its first commercial flight out of Wilmington, North Carolina on February 20,1948. On that morning, Piedmont Airlines Flight 41 departed Wilmington, NC for Cincinnati, with stops in Southern Pines, Charlotte, Asheville, Tri-Cities and Lexington. Piedmont would grow to become one of the top airlines in the country. It was purchased by USAir (now US Airways) in 1987 and the merger was complete in 1989. Piedmont’s last flight was in August of that year, bringing an end to one of the greatest commercial aviation successes in history. US Airways still maintains a reservations center in the city, housed in the old Piedmont Reservations office. • In 1949, Matt Long opened Long Engineering Company in Winston-Salem (later to become Long Communications Group), now named OneSource Building Technologies, a leading audio/visual, sound and lighting services company. • In 1953, James William Bell opened Bell Brothers Cafeteria in Winston-Salem, and the location has remained the same for approximately 53 years. Now the restaurant is called Bell and Sons cafeteria and is owned and operated by James and his two sons Wayne and Randy.

Winston-Salem, North Carolina

Demographics
Historical populations Census Population year 1920 48,395 1930 75,274 1940 79,815 1950 87,811 1960 111,135 1970 133,683 1980 131,885 1990 143,485 2000 185,776 2004 222,682 As of the census[8] of 2000, there are 185,776 people, with a total urban population of 299,290[9], 76,247 households, and 46,205 families residing in the city. The population density is 1,706.7 people per square mile (659.0/km²). There are 82,593 housing units at an average density of 758.8/sq mi (293.0/ km²). The racial makeup of the city is 55.57% White, 37.10% African American, 0.31% Native American, 1.13% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 4.29% from other races, and 1.56% from two or more races. 8.64% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race. There are 76,247 households out of which 28.0% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.2% are married couples living together, 16.6% have a female householder with no husband present, and 39.4% are non-families. 33.4% of all households are made up of individuals and 10.7% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.32 and the average family size is 2.95. In the city the population is spread out with 23.3% under the age of 18, 11.7% from 18 to 24, 30.4% from 25 to 44, 20.9% from 45 to 64, and 13.7% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 35 years. For every 100 females there are 88.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 84.2 males. The median income for a household in the city is $39,589, and the median income for a family is $46,595. Males have a median income of $32,398 versus $25,335 for females. The per capita income for the city is $39,468. 11.2% of the population and 4.3% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 8.3% of those under the age of 18

Geography
Winston-Salem is located at 36°6′10″N 80°15′38″W / 36.10278°N 80.26056°W / 36.10278; -80.26056 (36.102764, -80.260491).[6] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 132.4 square miles (283.9 km²), of which, 129.6 square miles (281.9 km²) of it is land and 2.8 square miles (2.0 km²) of it (0.81%) is water. In April 2007, Winston-Salem, along with several other North Carolina cities, signed legislation to reduce greenhouse gas emissions to pre-1990 levels, in an effort to combat global warming.[7]

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and 7.1% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line. A 2006 cost of living survey (Mercer) ranked Winston-Salem as the 124th most most expensive city in the U.S. or Europe, slightly half as expensive as living in Moscow.

Winston-Salem, North Carolina
assembly plant nearby in southeastern Forsyth County. However to date there is speculation of closing the plant due to mass layoffs. A portion of downtown Winston-Salem has been designated as the Piedmont Triad Research Park for biomedical and information technology research and development. Currently, the research park is undergoing an expansion, with hopes of jumpstarting the city’s economy.

Economy

Features and attractions
Education
Public
Winston-Salem/Forsyth County Schools has most of its schools inside Winston-Salem. WS/FC Schools include 51 elementary schools, 25 middle schools and 13 high schools.

Private
Private and parochial schools also make up a significant portion of Winston-Salem’s educational establishment. • Salem Academy, located in Old Salem, has been providing education to young women since 1772. • Until 2001, Winston-Salem was home to Bishop McGuinness Catholic High School (now in Kernersville, North Carolina), one of only three Catholic high schools in North Carolina. Catholic elementary schools include St. Leo The Great and Our Lady of Mercy (which now resides on the same location as the original Bishop McGuinness). Calvary Baptist Day School( the largest Christian school in the area), Redeemer Presbyterian and St. John’s Lutheran are some of the private Christian schools in Winston. Forsyth Country Day School (in Lewisville, North Carolina) and Summit School are the secular private schools in the city.

Downtown Winston-Salem It is the location of the corporate headquarters of the R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company, Krispy Kreme Doughnuts, Inc., Branch Banking and Trust Company (BB&T), TW Garner Food Company (makers of Texas Pete), Reynolda Manufacturing Solutions,HanesBrands, Inc., Lowes Foods Stores, Southern Community Bank and ISP Sports. The Wachovia Corporation was based in Winston-Salem until it merged with First Union Corporation in September 2001; the corporate headquarters of the combined company are now in Charlotte, North Carolina. Although traditionally associated with the textile, furniture, and tobacco industries, Winston-Salem is attempting to attract new businesses in the nanotech, high-tech and bio-tech fields. Medical research is a fast-growing local industry, and Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center is the largest employer in WinstonSalem. Blue Rhino, the nation’s largest propane exchange company and a division of Ferrellgas, is also headquartered in WinstonSalem. In December 2004, the city landed a deal with Dell, Inc. providing millions of dollars in incentives to build a computer

Post-secondary institutions
Winston-Salem also has a number of universities, including: • Wake Forest University • Winston-Salem State University • University of North Carolina School of the Arts (formerly the North Carolina School of the Arts) • Salem College

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• Piedmont Baptist College • Winston-Salem Bible College • Forsyth Technical Community College

Winston-Salem, North Carolina
Ways, a grassroots arts organization focussing on the area’s diverse, interconnected music traditions, including bluegrass, blues, jazz, gospel, old-time stringband, and Moravian music. Once a year the city is also the home of the Heavy Rebel Weekender music festival. Winston-Salem is also home to one of the largest ’Indie’ music and art scenes in the state. The Werehouse, a local hang-out, artists’ residence, and theatre is the center of this growing lifestyle and artistic genre.

Museums
Museums are an important portion of Winston-Salem’s heritage. Most famous of Winston-Salem’s museums is Old Salem, a living history museum centered on the main Moravian settlement founded in 1766. Along with the original 18th century buildings, Old Salem is also home to the Museum of Early Southern Decorative Arts (MESDA), a gallery of 18th and 19th century furniture, ceramics, and textiles. The Reynolds House Museum of American Art (built by the founder of the R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company and now affiliated with Wake Forest University) is another of Winston-Salem’s premier museums. The Southeastern Center for Contemporary Art (SECCA) is a local art museum. The Wake Forest University Museum of Anthropology is an anthropological museum, maintained by Wake Forest University, that has many artifacts and other pieces of history. The city also offers places oriented for children. SciWorks is an interactive museum for children, teaching basics in all areas of science, and offering experiments and educational tours. The Children’s Museum of WinstonSalem is based on literature, incorporating classic stories and fairy tales into its permanent and traveling exhibits for younger children.

Gardens
Reynolda Gardens is a 4-acre (16,000 m2) formal garden set within a larger woodland site, originally part of the R. J. Reynolds country estate.

Sports
Winston-Salem provides a number of athletic attractions. The Dash are a Class A MinorLeague baseball team currently affiliated with the Chicago White Sox. After 52 years at historic Ernie Shore Field, the Dash will now play its home games at the New WinstonSalem Ballpark from April to early September beginning in 2009. Its players have included Carlos Lee, Joe Crede, Jon Garland, and Aaron Rowand, all of whom have played extensively at the major league level. The newly-established Twin City Cyclones hockey team also make Winston-Salem home. They are in the Southern Professional Hockey League. Wake Forest University and Winston-Salem State University both have outstanding basketball programs. Wake Forest is an original member of the prestigious Atlantic Coast Conference (ACC). Among the successful NBA players who have graduated from Wake Forest are Tim Duncan, Josh Howard, Muggsy Bogues, Chris Paul, and Rodney Rogers, And From Winston-Salem State University Earl "The Pearl" Monroe. Wake Forest plays basketball in the Lawrence Joel Veterans Memorial Coliseum which seats 19,500 people; it quickly became one of the nation’s toughest venues under former Wake Coach Skip Prosser. Since Prosser’s arrival, Wake has frequently been nationally ranked in the Top 20 and has made numerous post season appearances, including a trip to the NCAA’s Sweet Sixteen in 2004. Since Prosser’s untimely death on July 26, 2007, Prosser’s longtime assistant and friend Dino Gaudio has guided the Deacons.

Art
Winston-Salem is often referred to as the "City of the Arts," in part because of its history, in having the first arts council in the United States, founded in 1949, and for the local art schools and attractions. These include the North Carolina School of the Arts, The Little Theatre of Winston-Salem, the Piedmont Opera Theater, the Winston-Salem Symphony, the Stevens Center for the Performing Arts, and the Sawtooth Center for Visual Arts. There are many galleries and workshops in the city’s art district centered at Sixth and Trade streets. The city plays host to the National Black Theatre Festival, the RiverRun International Film Festival and the Revolve Film and Music Festival. Winston-Salem is also the home of the Art-omat and houses nine of them throughout the city. The city is also home to Carolina Music

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Wake Forest University’s football team plays its games at BB&T Field (formerly Groves Stadium), which seats 32,500 and is located across the street from the Lawrence Joel Veterans Memorial Coliseum. Wake’s football team won the ACC football championship in 2006 and played in the 2007 Orange Bowl in Miami, Florida.Also Wake Forest has one of the top soccer programs, that has made three straight final four appearances (2006, 2007, 2008) and were champions in 2007. Wake Forest also fields outstanding women’s teams; its field hockey team won three consecutive national championships between 2002 and 2004. NASCAR Dodge Weekly Series racing takes place from March until August at city-owned Bowman Gray Stadium, after which the stadium is converted for football and is used by Winston-Salem State for Rams games. Besides major sports, WinstonSalem offers a variety of community and children’s programs. Winston-Salem’s YMCAs are a great place for exercise and athletics for both children and adults. Community recreation centers also provide cost-effective exercise and sports. Dodgeball is a recreational sport that has recently gained regional interest. Winston-Salem Parks and Recreation also maintains several community pools for which memberships are available. The high school basketball talent in the Winston-Salem area has also traditionally been one of, if not the best, in North Carolina.

Winston-Salem, North Carolina

Thoroughfares

Business Interstate 40 at the US 52 interchange in downtown Winston-Salem. US 52 (with runs concurrent with NC 8) is the predominant north-south freeway through Winston-Salem; it passes through the heart of downtown. Business 40 is the main east-west freeway through downtown Winston-Salem, but further south, a bypass loop (built in 1993) of I-40 links many of the area’s shopping districts. US 311, also a freeway, links Winston-Salem to High Point (southeast) and follows I-40 and US 52 through the Winston-Salem business district. US 421, which shares Business 40 through downtown, splits in the western part of the city onto its own freeway west (signed north) toward Wilkesboro, North Carolina and Boone, North Carolina.

Shopping
Winston-Salem is home to Hanes Mall, one of the largest shopping malls in North Carolina. The area surrounding the mall along Stratford Road, Silas Creek Parkway, and Hanes Mall Boulevard has become the city’s largest shopping district. Numerous shopping centers have been built in the area, including Hanes Point Shopping Center, Hanes Commons, Pavilions, Stone’s Throw Plaza, Silas Creek Crossing and Thruway Shopping Center. Other major shopping areas are found along Peters Creek Parkway (home of Marketplace Mall), University Parkway, Jonestown Road, North Point Boulevard, Reynolda Road, and Robinhood Road.

US 421 highway near Winston-Salem. The Winston Salem Northern Beltway is a proposed freeway that will loop around the city to the north, providing a route for the Future I-74 on the eastern section and the Future Auxiliary Route I-274 on the western

Transportation
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section. The NCDOT plans for this project to begin after 2010. By 2011, US 52 south of I-40 will be signed as Spur Route I-285. The WinstonSalem Department of Transportation also plans for the US 311 freeway to be extended north along the east side of the city to Business I-40 by 2030, according to the Long Range Plan. Other major thoroughfares in WinstonSalem include NC 67 (Silas Creek Parkway & Reynolda Road), NC 150 (Peters Creek Parkway), US 158 (Stratford Road), University Parkway, Martin Luther King Jr. Boulevard, North Point Boulevard, and Hanes Mall Boulevard.

Winston-Salem, North Carolina
The Winston-Salem Chronicle is a weekly newspaper that focuses on the African-American community. Q-Notes, a bi-weekly newspaper serving the LGBT community and published in Charlotte, is distributed to locations in WinstonSalem and via home delivery.

Magazines
Winston-Salem Living Magazine is a full-color, glossy lifestyle magazine that highlights the local people and the community. Full video magazine available online. Winston-Salem Business Magazine is a full-color magazine highlighting WinstonSalem business. The magazine is available online. Winston-Salem Monthly magazine, published 12 times a year by Media General, celebrates "living well" in the Twin City by highlighting people, places, and events in this area.

Aviation
Winston-Salem is served by Greensboro’s Piedmont Triad International Airport. The airport also serves much of the surrounding Piedmont Triad area, including High Point, North Carolina. A smaller airport, known as Smith Reynolds Airport, is located within the city limits, just northeast of downtown. It is mainly used for general aviation and charter flights. Every year, Smith Reynolds Airport hosts an air show for the general public. The Smith Reynolds Airport is home to the WinstonSalem Composite Squadron, Civil Air Patrol.

Radio stations
These radio stations are located in WinstonSalem, and are listed by call letters, station number, and name. Many more radio stations can be picked up in Winston-Salem that are not located in Winston-Salem. • WFDD, 88.5 FM, Wake Forest University (NPR Affiliate) • WBFJ, 89.3 FM, Your Family Station (Contemporary Christian music) • WSNC, 90.5 FM, Winston-Salem State University (Jazz) • WXRI, 91.3 FM, Southern Gospel • WPAW, 93.1 FM, The Wolf • WTQR, 104.1 FM, Country Radio • WSJS, 600 AM, News-Talk Radio • WTRU, 830 AM, The Truth (Religious) • WPIP, 880 AM, Berean Christian School • WTIX, 980 AM, Sports Talk • WPOL, 1340 AM, The Light Gospel Music • WTOB, 1380 AM, Spanish Radio • WSMX, 1500 AM, Religious Radio • WBFJ, 1550 AM, Christian Teaching & Talk Radio • Wake Forest University, online, studentrun radio station[10]

Rail
Amtrak runs a thruway motorcoach, twice daily in each direction, between WinstonSalem and the Amtrak station in nearby High Point. Buses depart from the Winston-Salem Transportation Center, then stop on the university campus before traveling to High Point. From the High Point station, riders can board the Crescent line or the Carolinian or Piedmont lines. These lines run directly to local North Carolina destinations as well as cities across the Southeast, as far west as New Orleans and as far north as New York City. Chicago is also accessible by transferring in Washington, D.C.

Media
Newspapers
The Winston-Salem Journal is the main daily newspaper in Winston-Salem.

Television stations
Winston-Salem makes up part of the Greensboro/Winston-Salem/High Point television designated market area. These stations

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are listed by call letters, channel number, network and city of license. • WFMY-TV, 2, CBS, Greensboro • WGHP, 8, Fox, High Point • WXII-TV, 12, NBC, Winston-Salem • NEWS 14, 14, Carolina 14, Greensboro • WGPX, 16, Ion, Burlington • WCWG, 20, CW, Lexington • WUNL-TV, 26, PBS/UNC-TV, WinstonSalem • WXLV-TV, 45, ABC, Winston-Salem • WMYV, 48, My, Greensboro • WLXI-TV, 61, TCT, Greensboro •

Winston-Salem, North Carolina
Shanghai, People’s Republic of China

Notable residents (former and current)
• • • • • • • • Maya Angelou, poet Diedrich Bader, actor Angela Bassett, actress Ed Berrier, NASCAR driver Marc Blucas, actor and former professional basketball player Richard Burr, United States Senator Mark Carter, member of feared Moped Gang, and once met Pauly Shore Gary Chapman, author of the best-selling book Five Love Languages and currently the head associate pastor at Calvary Baptist Church. Richard Childress, NASCAR team owner Howard Cosell, sportscaster Tim Duncan, NBA player on the San Antonio Spurs and two-time winner of the NBA Most Valuable Player Award Mitch Easter, musician (Let’s Active) and record producer John Ehle, author Jennifer Ehle, actress Stuart Epperson, chairmen of Salem Communications Corporation Louis Farrakhan, attended Winston-Salem State University Ben Folds, singer-songwriter C.E. "Big House" Gaines, former head basketball coach of Winston-Salem State University for 47 years. He is a member of the Basketball Hall of Fame. Dino Gaudio, head coach of Wake Forest University Men’s Basketball Team Mark Grace, former first baseman for the Chicago Cubs and Arizona Diamondbacks Gordon Gray, newspaper publisher, secretary of the Army under President Truman, and President Eisenhower’s National Security Advisor Pam Grier, actress Jim Grobe, head coach of Wake Forest University Men’s Football Team George Hamilton IV, country singer Rosemary Harris, actress (Aunt May in Spider-Man and its sequels) Jackée Harry, actress/comedian John Hayes, Guitarist in Mother’s Finest William Heaton, former chief of staff to Bob Ney, pled guilty to one federal felony charge of conspiracy in connection with

Surrounding areas
Some minor outlying areas and surrounding municipalities are: • Arcadia, North Carolina (in Davidson County) • Bethania, North Carolina • Clemmons, North Carolina • Kernersville, North Carolina • King, North Carolina (mostly in Stokes County) • Lewisville, North Carolina • Midway, North Carolina (in Davidson County) • Old Town, North Carolina • Pfafftown, North Carolina (Annexed by Winston-Salem, September 2006) • Rural Hall, North Carolina • Seward, North Carolina • Stanleyville, North Carolina • Tobaccoville, North Carolina • Union Cross, North Carolina • Vienna, North Carolina • Walkertown, North Carolina • Wallburg, North Carolina (in Davidson County) • Welcome, North Carolina (in Davidson County) Some nearby major cities are: • Greensboro, North Carolina (in Guilford County) • High Point, North Carolina (mostly in Guilford County)

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Sister cities
Winston-Salem has four sister cities, as designated by Sister Cities International: • Ungheni, Moldova • • Kumasi, Ghana Nassau, Bahamas

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the Jack Abramoff lobbying and corruption scandal Byron Hill, Nashville songwriter, wrote George Strait’s first #1 hit Peter Holsapple, Multi-instrumentelist, songwriter, The dBs, Sideman with Hootie and The Blowfish and REM Josh Howard, NBA player for the Dallas Mavericks Matt Kendrick, Jazz bassist Rusty LaRue, former NBA player, NCAA record holder in football, Wes Livengood, MLB pitcher for the Cincinnati Reds Angus MacLachlan, writer; wrote the screenplay for the 2005 film Junebug Wilmer "Vinegar Bend" Mizell,was a former pitcher for the Pirates and Cardinals, and a US congressman from 1968-1974. Earl Monroe, attended Winston-Salem State and NBA 50 greatest. Chris Murrell, singer and former lead vocalist of the Count Basie Orchestra Patrick O’Sullivan, NHL player for the Los Angeles Kings Arnold Palmer, former professional golfer, attended Wake Forest University Mary-Louise Parker, actress Chris Paul, NBA player on the New Orleans Hornets R.J. Reynolds, founder of R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company (maker of Camel Cigarettes) Stuart Scott, ESPN anchor Jada Pinkett Smith, actress Stephen A. Smith, sportswriter and media personality John Tesh, musician, nationally syndicated radio host Jill Wagner, actress Rolonda Watts, television talk show host and actress • • • •

Winston-Salem, North Carolina
Junebug (2005) Thank You for Smoking (2006) Goodbye Solo (2008) Leatherheads (2008)

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See also
• • • • • Winston-Salem/Forsyth County Schools List of tallest buildings in Winston-Salem Piedmont Triad I-85 Corridor May 1989 tornado outbreak

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References
[1] City of Winston-Salem - 2007 City Questions State Population Estimate [2] ^ U.S. Census Bureau: List of Populations of Urbanized Areas [3] Source: US Bureau of the Census, Estimates of the Population, Table CBSAEST2007-02 [4] Shirley, Michael (1997). From Congregation Town to Industrial City. NYU Press. pp. 1. http://books.google.com/ books?id=WFIg7mDiPlEC. [5] ^ Tursi, Frank (1994). Winston-Salem: A History. John F. Blair, publisher. pp. 110–11, 183. http://books.google.com/ books?id=oQTmb8DBvIMC&client=opera. [6] "US Gazetteer files: 2000 and 1990", United States Census Bureau, 2005-05-03, http://www.census.gov/geo/ www/gazetteer/gazette.html, retrieved on 2008-01-31. [7] "Greenhouse Gas Inventory and Local Action Plan to Reduce Emissions", City of Winston-Salem, http://www.cityofws.org/ Assets/CityOfWS//Documents/Green/ GreenhouseGasInventoryRecommended_www.pdf, retrieved on 2009-05-06. [8] "US Board on Geographic Names", United States Geological Survey, 2007-10-25, http://geonames.usgs.gov, retrieved on 2008-01-31. [9] "American FactFinder", United States Census Bureau, http://factfinder.census.gov, retrieved on 2008-01-31. [10] Wake Radio

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Movies filmed in Winston-Salem
• • • • The Bedroom Window (1987) Mr. Destiny (1990) Eddie (1996) The Lottery (1996, made-for-television adaptation of Shirley Jackson’s short story) • George Washington (2000) • A Union in Wait (2001, documentary)

External links
• Official website of Winston-Salem, NC

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
• Winston-Salem, North Carolina at the Open Directory Project • Winston-Salem travel guide from Wikitravel • ‹The template WikiMapia is being considered for deletion.› • Winston-Salem at WikiMapia • Visit Winston-Salem

Winston-Salem, North Carolina
• Winston-Salem, North Carolina is at coordinates 36°06′10″N 80°15′38″W / 36.102764°N 80.260491°W / 36.102764; -80.260491 (Winston-Salem, North Carolina)Coordinates: 36°06′10″N 80°15′38″W / 36.102764°N 80.260491°W / 36.102764; -80.260491 (Winston-Salem, North Carolina)

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Winston-Salem,_North_Carolina" Categories: Settlements established in 1766, Cities in North Carolina, Forsyth County, North Carolina, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, County seats in North Carolina, History of the America (South) Province of the Moravian Church This page was last modified on 21 May 2009, at 19:21 (UTC). All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License. (See Copyrights for details.) Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a U.S. registered 501(c)(3) taxdeductible nonprofit charity. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers

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