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Novi Sad

Novi Sad
City of Novi Sad Град Нови Сад Grad Novi Sad Újvidék város Mesto Nový Sad Город Нови Сад - City - Urban Elevation 699 km2 (269.9 sq mi) 129.4 km2 (49.9 sq mi) 80 m (262 ft)

Population (2002)[1] 333,583 - City 428.2/km2 (1,108.9/sq mi) - Density 299,294 - Urban 1,673.7/km2 (4,334.9/ - Urban Density sq mi) Time zone - Summer (DST) Postal code Area code(s) Car plates Website CET (UTC+1) CEST (UTC+2) 21000 +381(0)21 NS www.gradnovisad.org.yu

Flag

Coat of arms

Nickname(s): Serbian Athens

Location of Novi Sad within Serbia

Coordinates: 45°15′N 19°51′E / 45.25°N 19.85°E / 45.25; 19.85 Country Province District Municipalities Founded City status Government - Mayor - Ruling parties Serbia Vojvodina South Bačka 2 1694 February 1, 1748 Igor Pavličić (DS) DS/G17+/Together for Vojvodina/Hungarian Coalition

Novi Sad (Serbian Cyrillic: Нови Сад, pronounced [ˈnɔviː ˈsaːd] listen ; Hungarian: Újvidék; Slovak: Nový Sad; Rusyn: Нови Сад) is the capital of the northern Serbian province of Vojvodina, and the administrative centre of the South Bačka District. According to the 2002 Census, Novi Sad is Serbia’s second largest city, after Belgrade, with around 300,000 inhabitants. [1][2]. In its most recent official census from 2002, the city had an urban population of 299,294, while its municipal population was 333,583. The city is located on the border of the Bačka and Srem regions, on the banks of the Danube river and Danube-Tisa-Danube Canal, while facing the northern slopes of Fruška Gora mountain. Since it was founded in 1694, Novi Sad became the centre of Serbian culture and earned its nickname Serbian Athens. Today, Novi Sad is a large industrial and financial centre of the Serbian economy; and it is also one of the biggest construction sites in the region.[3]

Name
The name Novi Sad means "New Plantation" (noun) in Serbian. As a meeting place of cultures and peoples, Novi Sad came to have many different names in various languages.

Area

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The official names of Novi Sad used by the local administration are: • Serbian: Град Нови Сад, Grad Novi Sad • Hungarian: Újvidék város • Slovak: Mesto Nový Sad • Rusyn: Город Нови Сад, (transliterated: Gorod Novi Sad) Other relevant names for the city are: • Croatian: Novi Sad • Romanian: Novi Sad • German: Neusatz (an der Donau) • Latin: Neoplantae • Banatian Bulgarian: Mlada Loza In its wider meaning, the name Grad Novi Sad refers to the "The City, Novi Sad", which is one of the four city-level administrative units of the Republic of Serbia. In its narrower meaning, the name Novi Sad refers to the Novi Sad municipality, one of the two urban municipalities that compose the City of Novi Sad (the other municipality being Petrovaradin). Novi Sad could also refer strictly to the urban part of the City of Novi Sad (including "Novi Sad proper", and towns of Sremska Kamenica and Petrovaradin), as well as only to the historical core of urban Novi Sad, i.e. "Novi Sad proper" (excluding Sremska Kamenica and Petrovaradin).

Novi Sad
1st century with the name Cusum and was included into Roman province Pannonia. In the 5th century, Cusum was devastated by the invasion of the Huns. By the end of the 5th century, Byzantines had reconstructed the town and called it by the names Cusum and Petrikon. The town was later conquered by Ostrogoths, Gepids, Avars, Franks, Bulgarians, and again by Byzantines. The region was conquered by the Kingdom of Hungary between the 10th and 12th century, and the town was mentioned under the name Bélakút or Peturwarad (Pétervárad, Serbian: Petrovaradin) in documents from 1237. In the same year (1237), several other settlements were mentioned to exist in the territory of modern urban area of Novi Sad (on the left bank of the Danube). From 13th to 16th century, these settlements existed in the territory of modern urban area of Novi Sad: [4][5] • on the right bank of the Danube: Pétervárad (Serbian: Petrovaradin) and Kamanc (Serbian: Kamenica). • on the left bank of the Danube: Baksa or Baksafalva (Serbian: Bakša, Bakšić), Kűszentmárton (Serbian: Sent Marton), Bivalyos or Bivalo (Serbian: Bivaljoš, Bivalo), Vásárosvárad or Várad (Serbian: Vašaroš Varad, Varadinci), Zajol I (Serbian: Sajlovo I, Gornje Sajlovo, Gornje Isailovo), Zajol II (Serbian: Sajlovo II, Donje Sajlovo, Donje Isailovo), Bistritz (Serbian: Bistrica). Some other settlements existed in the suburban area of Novi Sad: Mortályos (Serbian: Mrtvaljoš), Csenei (Serbian: Čenej), Keménd (Serbian: Kamendin), Rév (Serbian: Rivica). Etymology of the settlement names show that some of them are of Hungarian origin (for example Bélakút, Baksafalva, Kűszentmárton, Vásárosvárad, Rév), which indicate that some of them were initially inhabited by Hungarians before the Ottoman invasion.[5] Some settlement names are of Slavic origin, and for some exact origin is not certain. For example, Bivalo (Bivaljoš) was a large Slavic settlement that dates from the 5th-6th century. [4] Tax records from 1522 are showing a mix of Hungarian and Slavic names among inhabitants of these villages, including Slavic names like Bozso (Božo), Radovan, Radonya (Radonja), Ivo, etc. Following the Ottoman invasion in the 16th-17th century, some of these settlements were destroyed and most

History

View from Novi Sad of Petrovaradin fortress over the Danube river (August 2005)

Origins
Human settlement in the territory of presentday Novi Sad has been traced as far back as the Stone Age (about 4500 BC). This settlement was located on the right bank of the river Danube in the territory of present-day Petrovaradin. This region was conquered by Celts (in the 4th century BC) and Romans (in the 1st century BC). The Celts founded the first fortress at this location, which was located on the right bank of the Danube. During Roman rule, a larger fortress was built in the

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Hungarian inhabitants have left this area. Some of the settlements also existed during the Ottoman rule, and were populated by ethnic Serbs. Between 1526 and 1687, the region was under Ottoman rule. In the year 1590, population of all villages that existed in the territory of present-day Novi Sad numbered 105 houses inhabited exclusively by Serbs. However, Ottoman records mention only those inhabitants that paid taxes, thus the number of Serbs that lived in the area (for example those that served in the Ottoman army) was larger. [6]

Novi Sad
it Neoplantae (Latin), Új-Vidégh (Hungarian), Neusatz (German), and Novi Sad (Serbian)." —Maria Theresa giving city rights to Novi Sad in 1748

The foundation of Novi Sad
At the outset of Habsburg rule near the end of the 17th century, people of Orthodox faith were forbidden from residing in Petrovaradin, thus Serbs were largely unable to build homes there. Because of this, a new settlement was founded in 1694 on the left bank of the Danube. The initial name of this settlement was Serb City (Ratzen Stadt). Another name used for the settlement was Petrovaradinski Šanac. In 1718, the inhabitants of the village of Almaš were resettled to Petrovaradinski Šanac, where they founded Almaški Kraj ("the Almaš quarter"). According to 1720 data, the population of Ratzen Stadt was composed of 112 Serbian, 14 German, and 5 Hungarian houses. The settlement officially gained the present name Novi Sad (Neoplanta in Latin) in 1748 when it became a "free royal city". The edict that made Novi Sad a "free royal city" was proclaimed on February 1, 1748. The edict reads: "We, Maria Theresa, by the God’s mercy Holy Roman Empress, the Queen of Hungary, Bohemia, Moravia, Dalmatia, Croatia, Slavonia, Rama, Serbia, Galicia, Lodomeria, Carinthia, etc, etc. Cast this proclamation to anyone, whom it might concern...so that the renowned Petrovaradinski Šanac, which lies on the other side of the Danube in the Bačka province on the Sajlovo land, by the might of our divine royal power and prestige...make this town a Free Royal City and to fortify, accept and acknowledge it as one of the free royal cities of our Kingdom of Hungary and other territories, by abolishing its previous name of Petrovaradinski Šanac, renaming

Map of Novi Sad (Ratzen Stadt) from 1745 For much of the 18th and 19th centuries, Novi Sad was the largest city in the world populated by ethnic Serbs. The reformer of the Serbian language, Vuk Stefanović Karadžić, wrote in 1817 that Novi Sad is the "largest Serb municipality in the world". It was a cultural and political centre of Serbs, who did not have their own national state at the time. Because of its cultural and political influence, Novi Sad became known as the Serbian Athens (Srpska Atina in Serbian). According to 1843 data, Novi Sad had 17,332 inhabitants, of whom 9,675 were Orthodox Christians, 5,724 Catholics, 1,032 Protestants, 727 Jews, and 30 adherents of the Armenian church. The largest ethnic group in the city were Serbs, and the second largest were Germans. During the Revolution of 1848-1849, Novi Sad was part of Serbian Vojvodina, a Serbian autonomous region within the Habsburg Empire. In 1849, the Hungarian army located on

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the Petrovaradin fortress bombarded and devastated the city, which lost much of its population. According to an 1850 census there were only 7,182 citizens in the city compared with 17,332 in 1843. Between 1849 and 1860, the city was part of a separate Austrian crownland known as the Vojvodina of Serbia and Tamiš Banat. After the abolishment of this province, the city was included into Bačka-Bodrog County. After 1867, Novi Sad was located within the Hungarian part of Austria-Hungary. During this time, the Magyarization policy of the Hungarian government drastically altered the demographic structure of the city, i.e. from the predominantly Serbian, the population of the city became ethnically mixed.

Novi Sad
authorities.[8] In 1975 the whole city was awarded a titile People’s Hero of Yugoslavia. The communist partisans from Syrmia and Bačka entered the city on October 23, 1944 under the leadership of Todor Gavrilovics Rilc. committing atrocities against Hungarian and German citizens who were accused for collaboration with Hungarian fascists. Novi Sad became part of the new socialist Yugoslavia. Since 1945, Novi Sad has been the capital of Vojvodina, a province of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and Serbia. The city went through rapid industrialization and its population more than doubled in the period between World War II and the breakup of Yugoslavia. After 1992, Novi Sad was part of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, which, in 2003, was transformed into the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro. Since 2006, Novi Sad is part of an independent Serbia. Devastated by NATO bombardment, during the Kosovo War of 1999, Novi Sad was left without all of its three Danube bridges, communications, water, and electricity. Residential areas were cluster bombed several times while its oil refinery was bombarded daily, causing severe pollution and widespread ecological damage (See: 1999 NATO bombing in Novi Sad).

After the First World War

Novi Sad in 1920 On November 25, 1918, the Assembly of Serbs, Bunjevci, and other nations of Vojvodina in Novi Sad proclaimed the union of Vojvodina region with the Kingdom of Serbia. Since December 1, 1918, Novi Sad is part of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes; and in 1929, Novi Sad became the capital of the Danube Banovina, a province of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. In 1941, the Kingdom of Yugoslavia was invaded and partitioned by the Axis Powers, and its northern parts, including Novi Sad, were annexed by Hungary. During World War II, about 5,000 citizens were murdered and many others were resettled. In three days of Novi Sad raid (January 21 — January 23 1942) alone, Hungarian police killed 1,246 citizens, among them more than 800 Jews, and threw their corpses into the icy waters of the Danube, while the total death toll of the raid was around 2,500.[7][8] Citizens of all nationalities - Serbs, Hungarians, Slovaks, and others - fought together against the Axis

Geography

Satellite image showing urban and metro area of Novi Sad Novi Sad is located in the northern Serbian province of Vojvodina, with land area of 699 km², [9] while on the city’s official site, land area is 702 km²; [10] and the urban area is 129.7 km². [10] The city lies on the river Danube and one small section of the DanubeTisa-Danube Canal.

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Novi Sad’s landscape is divided into two parts, one is situated in the Bačka region and another in the Syrmia region. The river Danube is a natural border between them. Bačka’s side of the city lies on one of the southern lowest parts of Pannonian Plain, while Fruška Gora’s side (Syrmia) is a horst mountain. Alluvial plains along Danube are well formed, especially on the left bank, in some parts 10 km from the river. A large part of Novi Sad lies on terrace deposit with an elevation of 80-83 m. The northern part of Fruška Gora is composed of massive landslide zones, but they are not active, except in the Ribnjak neighborhood (between Sremska Kamenica and Petrovaradin fortress). [11]

Novi Sad

Cityscape

Climate
Novi Sad has a moderate continental climate, with four seasons. Autumn is longer than spring, with long sunny and warm periods. Winter is not so severe, with an average of 22 days of sub-zero temperature. January is the coldest month, with an average temperature of -1.9 °C. Spring is usually short and rainy, while summer arrives abruptly. The coldest temperature ever recorded in Novi Sad was -30.7°C (-19.3°F) on January 24, 1963; and the hottest temperature ever recorded was 41.6°C (110.8°F) on July 24, 2007.[12] The southeast-east wind Košava, which blows from the Carpathians and brings clear and dry weather, is characteristic of the local climate. It mostly blows in autumn and winter, in 2–3 days intervals. The average speed of Košava is 25–43 km per hour but certain strokes can reach up to 130 km/h. In winter time, followed by a snow storm, it can cause snowdrifts. Also it can cause temperatures to drop to around -30°C.

Novi Sad Petrovaradin Budisava Kać Čenej Kisač Rumenka Veternik Futog Begeč Stepanovićevo Sremska Kamenica Bukovac Ledinci Stari Ledinci Kovilj City of Novi Sad ●●●●● Municipality of

Novi Sad
Municipality of

Petrovaradin

Map of settlements in Novi Sad municipal area

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Urban area of Novi Sad has a population of 216,583 and is generally divided into three parts: "Novi Sad proper" (with population of 191,405), situated on the left bank of the Danube, and Petrovaradin (with population of 13,973) and Sremska Kamenica (with population of 11,205), on the right bank of the Danube. The metropolitan area of Novi Sad also comprises Futog, Veternik, Bukovac and Ledinci and has a population of 259,017. There are also several other settlements in the municipalities, but these settlements are not connected to the urban part of the city. Novi Sad is a typical Central European town. There are only a few buildings dating before 19th century, because the city was almost totally destroyed during the 1848/1849 revolution, so the architecture from 19th century dominates the city centre. Around the center, old small houses used to dominate the cityscape, but they are being replaced by modern multi-story buildings. During the socialist period, new blocks with wide streets and multi-story buildings were built around the city core. However, not many communist-style high-rise buildings were built, and the total number of 10+ floor buildings remained at 40-50, most of the rest being 3-6 floor apartment buildings. City’s new boulevard (today’s Bulevar oslobođenja) was cut through the old housings in 1962-1964, establishing major communication lines. Several more boulevards were subsequently built in a similar manner, creating an orthogonal network over what used to be mostly radial structure of the old town. Those interventions paved the way for a relatively unhampered growth of the city, which almost tripled its population since the 1950s, and traffic congestions (except on a few critical points) are still relatively mild despite the huge boost of car numbers, especially in later years. See also: Famous buildings in Novi Sad and Religious architecture in Novi Sad

Novi Sad

Map of the urban area of Novi Sad with city quarters (click to enlarge) Naselje are neighborhoods built during 1960s, 1970s and 1980s with modern buildings and wide boulevards. New neighborhoods, like Liman, Detelinara, and Novo Naselje, with modern high residential buildings emerged from fields and forests surrounding the city to house the huge influx of people from the countryside following the World War II. Many old houses in the city centre, Rotkvarija and Bulevar neighborhoods were torn down in the 1950s and 1960s to be replaced with multi-story buildings, as the city experienced a major construction boom during the last 10 years; some neighborhoods, like Grbavica have completely changed their face. Neighborhoods with newer individual housing are mostly located away from the city center; Telep in the southwest is the oldest such quarter, while Klisa on the north, as well as Adice, Veternička Rampa and Veternik on the west significantly expanded during last 15 years, partly due to an influx of Serb refugees during the Yugoslav wars.

Neighborhoods
Some of the oldest neighborhoods in the city are Stari Grad (Old Town), Rotkvarija, Podbara and Salajka which merged in 1694, in the time when the city was formed. Sremska Kamenica and Petrovaradin, on the right bank of the Danube, were separate towns in the past, but today are parts of the urban area of Novi Sad. Liman (divided into four parts, numbered I-IV), as well as Novo

Suburbs
Besides urban part of the city (which include "Novi Sad proper", Petrovaradin and Sremska Kamenica), there are 12 more settlements and 1 town in Novi Sad’s municipal area. 23.7% of total City’s population live in suburbs, the largest being Futog (18,582),

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No. Name 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 Begeč Budisava Bukovac Čenej Futog Kać Kisač Kovilj Ledinci Rumenka Stari Ledinci Stepanovićevo Veternik Town or village village village village village town village village village village village village village village Urban municipality Novi Sad Novi Sad Petrovaradin Novi Sad Novi Sad Novi Sad Novi Sad Novi Sad Petrovaradin Novi Sad Petrovaradin Novi Sad Novi Sad

Novi Sad
Population (2002
census)

3,335 3,825 3,585 2,115 18,582 11,166 5,471 5,599 1,641 5,729 823 2,214 18,626

Beočin which border City of Novi Sad, share the same public transportation and are also economically connected to Novi Sad.

Politics

Map of Novi Sad City with the surrounding settlements (click to enlarge) Novi Sad urban municipality Petrovaradin urban municipality Urban area of Novi Sad and Veternik (18,626), which are over the years, especially in the 1990s grown and physically merged to the city. Most isolated and the least populated village in the suburb is Stari Ledinci (823). Ledinci, Stari Ledinci, and Bukovac are located on Fruška Gora slopes and the last two have only one paved road, which connect them to other places. Besides the urban area of Novi Sad, the suburb of Futog is also officially classified as "urban settlement" (a town), while other suburbs are mostly "rural" (villages). Some towns and villages in separate municipalities of Sremski Karlovci, Temerin and City Hall - Office of the mayor (in winter 2005) Novi Sad is the capital of Autonomous Province of Vojvodina, and as such, is home to Vojvodina’s government and parliament. The city’s administration bodies consist of city assembly as representative body, mayor and city government as executive body. Members of the city assembly and mayor are elected at direct elections. City assembly has 78 seats, while city government has 11 members. The mayor and members of city’s assembly are elected to four-year terms; and city government is elected on mayor’s

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proposal by the city assembly by majority of votes. As of 2008 election, mayor of Novi Sad is Igor Pavličić (Democratic Party); while in the city assembly majority have Democratic Party, G17+, Together for Vojvodina and Hungarian Coalition. Since 2002, when the new statute of Novi Sad came into effect, City of Novi Sad is divided into 46 local communities within two urban municipalities, Novi Sad and Petrovaradin, whose borders are defined by geographic boundaries (Danube river).

Novi Sad
216,583 and 299,294 with the surrounding inhabited places of the municipalities included. According to estimation from the end of 2004, there were 306,853 inhabitants in the city municipal area (estimation published on December 31, 2004 by statistical office of Serbia). From city’s registry estimation in April 2009, population of the urban area of Novi Sad was 279,426, and the population of municipal area was at 366,377.[14] The city has an urban population density of 1,673.7/ km² (4,340.3/sq mi) - census 2002. Most of the inhabited places in the municipalities have an ethnic Serb majority, while the village of Kisač has an ethnic Slovak majority.

Twin cities
Novi Sad has good relationships with many twin cities. One of the main streets in its city centre is named after Modena in Italy; and likewise Modena has named a park in its town centre Parco di Piazza d’Armi Novi Sad. The Novi Sad Friendship Bridge in Norwich, United Kingdom, by Buro Happold, was also named in honour of Novi Sad. Besides twin cities, Novi Sad has many signed agreements on joint cooperation with many European cities (see also: Twin cities of Novi Sad). As of 2006, Novi Sad’s twin cities are: • Budva, Montenegro • Changchun, China • • Modena, EmiliaRomagna, Italy • Norwich, England, United Kingdom • Helioupolis, Greece • Nizhny Novgorod, Russia

Economy

NIS building – headquarters of Petroleum Industry of Serbia Novi Sad is the economic centre of Vojvodina, the most fertile agricultural region in Serbia. The city also is one of the largest economic and cultural centres in Serbia and former Yugoslavia. In the 1990s, the city (like the rest of Serbia) was severely affected by an internationally imposed trade embargo and hyperinflation of the Yugoslav dinar. The embargo and economic mismanagement lead to a decay or demise of once big industrial combines, such as Novkabel (electric cable industry), Pobeda (metal industry), Jugoalat (tools), Albus and HINS (chemical industry). Practically the only viable remaining large facility is the oil refinery, located northeast of the town (along with the thermal power plant), near the settlement of Šangaj. The economy of Novi Sad has mostly recovered from that period and it has grown strongly since 2001, shifting from industrydriven economy to the tertiary sector. The

Dortmund, North • Irkutsk, RhineRussia Westphalia, • Germany Timişoara, Romania

Demographics
See also: Demographic history of Novi Sad Novi Sad is the largest city in Vojvodina, and second largest in Serbia (after Belgrade). Since its founding, the population of the city has been constantly increasing. According to the 1991 census, 56.2% of the people who came to Novi Sad from 1961 to 1991 were from other parts of Vojvodina, while 15.3% came from Bosnia and Herzegovina and 11.7% from Central Serbia. According to the last official census from 2002, the city’s urban population was

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processes of privatization of state and society-owned enterprises, as well as strong private incentive, increased the share of privately-owned companies to over 95% in the district, and small and medium-size enterprises dominated the city’s economic development.[15] The significance of Novi Sad as a financial center is proven by numerous banks such as Vojvođanska Bank, Erste Bank, Kulska Bank, Meridian Bank, Metals Bank, NLB Continental Bank and Panonska Bank;[16] and second largest insurance company in Serbia - DDOR Novi Sad. The city is also home to the stateowned oil company - Naftna Industrija Srbije. It is also the seat of the wheat market. At the end of 2005, Statistical office of Serbia published a list of most developed municipalities in Serbia, placing City of Novi Sad at No.7 by national income, behind some Belgrade municipalities and Bečej, with 201.1% above Serbia’s average. [17] In March 2007, the average gross salary in Novi Sad amounted to 42,476 Serbian dinars (approximately 525 euros or 715 US dollars) one of the highest in Serbia. The average net salary was 30,352 Serbian dinars (approximately € 375 or US $ 510 ).[18] The region contributes to about 11% of the total national GDP, and its national income per capita is 60% over the national average.[15]

Novi Sad
Serbian novelist, poet, jurist, and publicist at the end of 19th century and at the beginning of 20th century had lived or worked in Novi Sad some time of his or her career. Among others, these cultural workers include Vuk Stefanović Karadžić, Mika Antić, Đura Jakšić, etc. Matica Srpska, the oldest cultural-scientific institution of Serbia, was moved from Budapest to Novi Sad in 1864, while Serbian National Theatre, the oldest professional theatre among the South Slavs, was founded in Novi Sad in 1861. Today, Novi Sad is the second cultural centre in Serbia (besides Belgrade) and city’s officials try to make the city more attractive to numerous cultural events and music concerts. Since 2000, Novi Sad is home to the EXIT festival, the biggest music summer festival in Serbia and the region; and also the only festival of alternative and new theatre in Serbia - INFANT, most prominent festival of children literature - Zmaj Children Games, Sterijino pozorje, Novi Sad Jazz Festival, and many others. [19] Besides Serbian National Theatre, the most prominent theatres are also Youth Theatre, Cultural centre of Novi Sad, and Novi Sad Theatre. Novi Sad Synagogue also houses many cultural events in the City. Other city’s cultural institutions include Offset of the Serbian Academy of Science and Art, Library of Matica Srpska, Novi Sad City Library, Archive of Novi Sad and Azbukum. City is also home to cultural institutions of Vojvodina: Vojvodinian Academy of Science and Art and Archive of Vojvodina, which collect many documents from Vojvodina dating from 1565.

Society and culture

Museums and galleries
City has a couple of museums, and many galleries, public and privately owned through Novi Sad. The most well known museum in the city is Museum of Vojvodina, founded by Matica Srpska in 1847, which houses a permanent collection of Serbian culture and a life in Vojvodina through history. Museum of Novi Sad in Petrovaradin fortress has a permanent collection of history of fortress. Gallery of Matica Srpska is the biggest and most respected gallery in the city, which has two galleries in the city centre. There is also The Gallery of Fine Arts - Gift Collection of Rajko Mamuzić and The Pavle Beljanski Memorial Collection - one of the biggest collections of Serbian art from 1900s until 1970s.

Matica Srpska, most prominent cultural institution in the City and of the whole Serbian culture In the 19th century, the city was the capital of Serbian culture, earning the nickname Serbian Athens. In that time, almost every

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Novi Sad

Education

Jovan Jovanović Zmaj Grammar School, the oldest school in Novi Sad. Established in 1810. Novi Sad is one of Serbian most important centers of higher education and research, with four universities and numerous professional, technical, and private colleges and research institutes, including a law school with its own publication. Novi Sad is home to two universities and seven private faculties.[20] The largest educational institution in the city is the University of Novi Sad with approximately 38,000 students and 2,700 in staff. It was established in 1960 with 9 faculties in Novi Sad of which 7 are situated in modern university campus. There are also Novi Sad Open University and Novi Sad Theological College in the city. In Novi Sad there are 36 elementary schools (33 regular and 3 special) with 26,000 pupils.[21][22] The secondary school system consists of 11 vocational schools and 4 grammar schools with almost 18,000 students.[22][23]

NEVEN traditional folk dance from Novi Sad and the oldest - established in 1900. SZPD Neven. They are open for all cittiziens. National minoritys exposes their own tradition, folklore and songs in Hungarian MKUD Petefi Sandor, Slovakien SKUD Pavel Jozef Safarik, Rutenian RKPD Novi Sad, Bulgarian, Slovenian Jewish, Croatien and other societies.

Media
Novi Sad has two major daily newspapers, Dnevnik and Građanski list, both in Serbian. Until 2006, Magyar Szó, a newspaper in Hungarian, had its headquarters in Novi Sad, but it was moved to Subotica. The city is home to the main headquarters of the regional public broadcaster Radio Television of Vojvodina RTV and city’s public broadcaster Apolo, as well as a few commercial TV stations, Kanal 9, Panonija and Most. Novi Sad has many local commercial radio stations, dominant being Radio 021 and Radio As.

Tourism
The number of tourists started to increase since the year 2000, when Serbia started to open to Western Europe and the United States. Every year, in the beginning of July, during the annual EXIT music festival, the city is full of young people from all around Europe. In 2005, 150,000 people visited this festival, which put Novi Sad on the map of summer festivals in Europe.[24] Besides EXIT festival, Novi Sad Fair attract many business people into the city; in May, the city is home

Folk and art
City has a doesen of culture and art societies. They are wellknown representatives of multicultural life in Novi Sad all over the world. Usually taken form in name for culture and art society is KUD (Kulturno Umetnicko Drustvo). The most well known societies in the city are: KUD Svetozar Markovic, AKUD Sonja Marinkovic, SKUD Zeljeznicar, FA Vila

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Club FK Vojvodina KK Vojvodina KK Novi Sad OK Vojvodina Sport Football Basketball Basketball Volleyball Founded 1914 2000 1985 1946 League Meridian Superliga Sinalco Superleague Sinalco Superleague / Venue

Novi Sad

Karađorđe Stadium Spens Sports Center Spens Sports Center Spens Sports Center

Dance arena in July 2006, one of the most popular stages on EXIT music festival to the biggest agricultural show in the region, which 600,000 people visited in 2005.[25] There is also a tourist port near Varadin Bridge in the city centre welcoming various river cruise vessels from across Europe who cruise on Danube river. The most recognized structure in Novi Sad is Petrovaradin fortress, which dominates the city and with scenic views of the city. Besides the fortress, there is also historic neighborhood of Stari Grad, with many monuments, museums, caffes, restaurants and shops. There is also a National Park of Fruška Gora nearby, approx. 20 km from city centre.

Sport

Association of Physical Culture in 1959 and after 1981, when Spens Sports Center was built. Today, about 220 sports organizations are active in Novi Sad.[26] Novi Sad is the second best developed sports city in Serbia (after Belgrade). The most popular sport in the city is definitely football. There are many football pitches in Novi Sad’s neighborhoods, as well as in every town and village in the suburbs. Besides FK Vojvodina, which is in the first league, there are many smaller clubs in the national second and third league. Most well known are: FK Novi Sad, FK Kabel, FK Mladost, FK Slavija Novi Sad, etc. Citizens of Novi Sad participated in the first Olympic Games in Athens. The largest number of sportsmen from Novi Sad participated in the Atlanta Olympic Games – 11, and they won 6 medals, while in Moscow – 3, and in Montreal and Melbourne – 2.[26] Novi Sad was the host of the European and World Championships in table tennis in 1981, 29th Chess Olympiad in 1990, European and World Championships in sambo, Balkan and European Championships in judo, final match in the Cup of European Basketball Champions and final tournament of the European Cup in volleyball. Apart from that Novi Sad is the host of the World League in volleyball and traditional sport events such as Novi Sad marathon, international swimming rally and many other events. Between the 16th and 20th September 2005, Novi Sad co-hosted the 2005 European Basketball Championship.

Recreation & leisure
Apart from the culture of attending sports events, people from Novi Sad participate in a wide range of recreational and leisure activities. Football and basketball are the most popular participation team sports in Novi Sad. Cycling is also a very popular in Novi Sad. Novi Sad’s flat terrain and extensive off-road paths in the mountainous part of town, in Fruška Gora is conducive to riding. Hundreds

Spens Sports Center, built in 1981 Sports started to develop in 1790 with the foundation of "City Marksmen Association". However, its serious development started after the establishment of the Municipal

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of commuters cycle the roads, bike lanes and bike paths daily.

Novi Sad
are the bridges over river Danube, which were destroyed in every war and then rebuilt. The city is about 90 minutes drive from Belgrade Nikola Tesla Airport, which connects with metropolises across Europe.

Public transportation
The main public transportation system in Novi Sad consists of bus lines. There are twenty-one urban lines and twenty-nine suburban lines. The operator is JGSP Novi Sad, with its main bus station at the start of Liberation Boulevard. In addition, there are numerous taxi companies serving the city. Lake of Ledinci on Fruška Gora, popular summer retreat Close proximity to the Fruška Gora National Park attract many people from the city on weekends in many hiking trails, restaurants and monasteries on the mountain. In the first weekend of May, there is a "Fruška Gora Marathon", with many hiking trails for hikers, runners and cyclists.[27] During the summer, there is Lake of Ledinci in Fruška Gora, but also there are numerous beaches on the Danube river, largest being Štrand in the Liman neighborhood. Novi Sad has also one small nudist beach. There are also a couple of small recreational marinas on the river.

Further reading
• Boško Petrović - Živan Milisavac, Novi Sad - monografija, Novi Sad, 1987 • Milorad Grujić, Vodič kroz Novi Sad i okolinu, Novi Sad, 2004 • Jovan Mirosavljević, Brevijar ulica Novog Sada 1745-2001, Novi Sad, 2002 • Jovan Mirosavljević, Novi Sad - atlas ulica, Novi Sad, 1998 • Mirjana Džepina, Društveni i zabavni život starih Novosađana, Novi Sad, 1982 • Zoran Rapajić, Novi Sad bez tajni, Beograd, 2002 • Đorđe Randelj, Novi Sad - slobodan grad, Novi Sad, 1997 • Enciklopedija Novog Sada, sveske 1-26, Novi Sad, 1993-2005 • Radenko Gajić, Petrovaradinska tvrđava Gibraltar na Dunavu, Novi Sad, 1994 • Veljko Milković, Petrovaradin kroz legendu i stvarnost, Novi Sad, 2001 • Veljko Milković, Petrovaradin i Srem misterija prošlosti, Novi Sad, 2003 • Veljko Milković, Petrovaradinska tvrđava podzemlje i nadzemlje, Novi Sad, 2005 • Veljko Milković, Petrovaradinska tvrđava kosmički lavirint otkrića, Novi Sad, 2007 • Agneš Ozer, Petrovaradinska tvrđava vodič kroz vreme i prostor, Novi Sad, 2002 • Agneš Ozer, Petrovaradin fortress - a guide through time and space, Novi Sad, 2002 • 30 godina mesne zajednice "7. Juli" u Novom Sadu 1974-2004 - monografija, Novi Sad, 2004 • Branko Ćurčin, Slana Bara - nekad i sad, Novi Sad, 2002 • Branko Ćurčin, Novosadsko naselje Šangaj - nekad i sad, Novi Sad, 2004

Infrastructure

Rebuilt Liberty Bridge in 2005. It was originally destroyed in 1999. Novi Sad is connected by motorway to Subotica and Zrenjanin, by highway to Belgrade; and by railroad to major European cities, such as Vienna, Budapest, Kiev and Moscow. One of the most famous structures in the city

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• Zvonimir Golubović, Racija u Južnoj Bačkoj 1942. godine, Novi Sad, 1991 • Petar Jonović, Knjižare Novog Sada 1790-1990, Novi Sad, 1990 • Petar Jonović - Dr Milan Vranić - Dr Dušan Popov, Znameniti knjižari i izdavači Novog Sada, Novi Sad, 1993 • Ustav za čitaonicu srpsku u Novom Sadu, Novi Sad, 1993 • Sveske za istoriju Novog Sada, sveske 4-5, Novi Sad, 1993-1994

Novi Sad
Hydrometeorological Service of Serbia. http://www.hidmet.gov.rs/ciril/ meteorologija/ stanica_sr.php?moss_id=168. Retrieved on 1961-1990. [14] Information taken from official JP Informatika website [15] ^ Regional Chamber of Commerce Novi Sad, Basic data [16] National Bank of Serbia - List of Banks operating in Serbia [17] Municipalities of Serbia for 2005 ISSN-1452-4856 [18] Statistical office of Serbia, Salaries in Serbia for March 2007 [19] Cultural events calendar [20] Ministry of education, list of private universities and faculties [21] List of elementary schools in Novi Sad [22] ^ Serbian statistical office [23] List of secondary schools [24] History of EXIT festival [25] About agricultural fair in 2006 (in Serbian) [26] ^ Sport in Novi Sad, City official site [27] Fruška Gora Marathon

Notes

[1] ^ (in Serbian) Popis stanovništva, domaćinstava i Stanova 2002. Knjiga 1: Nacionalna ili etnička pripadnost po naseljima. Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. 2003. ISBN 86-84443-00-09. [2] "Municipalities of Serbia, 2006". Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. http://webrzs.stat.gov.rs/axd/Zip/ OG2006webE.zip. [3] Glas javnosti article from March 2005; Stanove više nema ko da kupi (in Serbian) [4] ^ Branko Ćurčin, Slana Bara nekad i sad, Novi Sad, 2002. [5] ^ Borovszky Samu: Magyarország • NATO bombing of Novi Sad in 1999 vármegyéi és városai, Bács-Bodrog • List of people from Novi Sad vármegye I.-II. kötet, Apolló Irodalmi és • List of places in Serbia Nyomdai Részvénytársaság, 1909. • List of cities, towns and villages in [6] Đorđe Randelj, Novi Sad slobodan grad, Vojvodina Novi Sad, 1997 [7] David Cesarani (1997). Genocide and Rescue: The Holocaust in Hungary 1944. • Novi Sad - Official site (Serbian) (English) Berg Publishers. p. 13. ISBN • City’s assembly - Official site (Serbian) 1859731260. http://books.google.com/ • Tourist Information Centre Novi Sad books?hl=en&lr=&id=HrK8B0VpFBkC&oi=fnd&pg=PR7. (Serbian) (English) [8] ^ Enikő A. Sajti (Spring 2006). "The • Novi Sad photo gallery - City pictures Former ’Southlands’ in Serbia: 1918(Serbian) 1947". The Hugnarian Quarterly XLVII • Novi Sad travel guide from Wikitravel (181). http://www.hungarianquarterly.com/ Sister projects no181/9.html. [9] Data from Serbian Statistical Office • The Wiktionary definition of Novi Sad [10] ^ Geographical location of Novi Sad • Media related to Novi Sad at [11] Завод за урбанизам: "Еколошки Атлас Wikimedia Commons Новог Сада" ("Ecological Atlas of Novi Sad"), page 14-15, 1994 • "Ujvidék". Encyclopædia Britannica [12] Climate in Novi Sad (11th ed.). 1911. [13] "Weather data for Rimski Šančevi-Novi Coordinates: 45°15′18″N 19°50′42″E / Sad" (in (Serbian)). Republic 45.255°N 19.845°E / 45.255; 19.845

See also

External links

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Novi_Sad"

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Novi Sad

Categories: Settlements established in 1694, Novi Sad, Cities, towns and villages in Vojvodina, Places in Bačka, Settlements on the Danube, Port cities in Serbia, University towns This page was last modified on 22 May 2009, at 23:43 (UTC). All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License. (See Copyrights for details.) Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a U.S. registered 501(c)(3) taxdeductible nonprofit charity. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers

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