General Communication and Intercultural Communication - PowerPoint by wuyunyi

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									映画DVDの活用
         同志社大学
         北尾 謙治

  http://kkitao.e-learning-
  server.com/kitao/DVD/
リサーチの1例
   You’ve Got Mail
       1998 年
       俳優
           Tom Hanks
                Joe Fox, whose family owns a large bookstore chain,
                 Fox Books
           Meg Ryan
                Kathleen, who owns a small independent children’s
                 bookstore
   この映画を選んだ理由
       学生が興味を持つ
       日常会話
       男女が登場
       同じファンクションが種々のフォームで表現
手順
   DVDから字幕を取り出す
   エクセルに1行1文で貼り付ける
   それに情報を付け加える
       話者
       話者の性別
       文が会話、トガキ、歌かなど
       ファンクション
統計
   1時間54分
   10, 949 語 (会話は8,512 語)
   1,894 文 (会話は1,578 文)
   その他
       eメール、トガキ、歌、テレビなど
   1文は5.39 語
   FKGL 2.73 (3年生レベル)
Vocabulary Level
JACET8000を使用して




   約96% が5000 語以内, 日本の大学生のレベル
   各レベルの語彙リストも入手可能



                             9
KWIC
ファンクション
   どのような状況で、誰が誰に話している時
    に使用されているか

   女性と男性、若い人と老人の比較など
「依頼」
   Conventional forms            (56 例)
       Imperative 23 (close people; very small
        requests; adult to child; intentional
        rudeness due to annoyance)
       Please … / …, please. 8 (between
        customers and service people; used by
        itself to emphasize a request)
       Could you/someone…           3 (boss to
        employee; customer to service person)



                                            12
   (naming what one wants) 3 (between customers
    and service people)
   Let’s… 2 (caretaker to child; boss to employee)
   Will you… 2 (boyfriend/girlfriend)
   I/We’ll take… 2 (customers to clerks)
   Would you… 1 (between friends)
   (Do you) want to… 1 (caretaker to child)
   I want… 1 (child to caretaker)
   Will you… 1 (boyfriend/girlfriend)
   I ask you to… 1 (clerk to customer)
   You can… 1 (customer to clerk)

                                               13
   So … already! 1 (customer to customer
    [intentionally rude])
   Do you think … 1
   Can we … 1 (speaker to protesters)
   You are (not)… 1 (acquaintances)
   I beg you. 1 (acquaintances, emotional situation)
   Do you mind… 1 (strangers; sarcastic intonation)
   I would appreciate it if you would… 1
    (acquaintances)



                                                 14
Non-conventional forms                (6 例)
   Is there anything you can do? 1 (customer to clerk)
   It’s your turn to… 1 (customer to clerk)
   Orange (Aren’t) you going to … 1 (customer to
    clerk, as part of a joke)
   There you go… 1 (customer to clerk)
   If you don’t… 1 (customer to service person; angry
    threat)
   Zip, zip. 1 (customer to clerk)



                                                    15
教育利用
   Data-driven learning

       学生に
           ファンクションを見つけさせる

           男女の表現を見つけさせる、比較させる

           年齢の異なる人の表現の違いを見つける、比較す
            る


                                 16
   ポライトネスの学習
      Brown and Levinson’s positive and negative
       politeness
    1. Bald on record – make a request directly
    2. Positive politeness – meet H’s need to be
    liked and to feel included in the same group, e.g.,
    through showing interest in H, using in-group
    identity markers, using first name, joking



                                                   17
3. Negative politeness – a show of respect for H
   and H’s desire to be unimposed upon, e.g., by
   expressing request as a question, apologizing,
   not assuming, minimizing size of request
4. Off-record – make the request in a way that
   can be interpreted in more than one way, e.g., by
   hinting




                                                18
ポジティブとネガティブポライトネスは学生に
 は理解しにくい
You’ve Got Mailはそれを教えるよい例
    キャスリーンはビジネスのライバルのジョーを
     見かけるが、避ける
    彼女はレジに行って支払いをしようとする



                            19
  YouTubeでスーパーマーケットのシーンを見
   せる

      http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=q3t
      RKs9o_2A




2010/11/24         Kenji Kitao        20
The cashier finishes adding up Kathleen’s
  purchases.
Cashier: $72.27. (The cashier requests the
  amount by stating it. Bald on record. task-
  oriented)
(Kathleen holds out a credit card.)
Cashier: This is a cash-only line. Cash only.
  (The cashier refuses by stating a general
  principle.)

                                          21
Kathleen: Oh, my God. I just have a credit card. I'm
  sorry. Is that okay? (Negative politeness strategies:.
  Apologize, ask permission [not assuming])
Customer: No, it's not okay. There's a sign.
Kathleen: I'm sorry. I'm very sorry. I never do this.
  But I ask you to make an exception in this one case.
  (Negative politeness strategies: Apologize; Indicate
  reluctance [“I never do this.”] Minimize imposition
  [“in this one case”])




                                                    22
Customer 1: You have no cash? She has no
 cash.
Customer 2: No, she has no cash.
Customer 3: Get on another line, lady. (Bald
 on record; annoyed and intentionally rude)
Kathleen: I have a dollar. That's all I have. I
 have a dollar. One dollar. Is there anything
 you can do? (Negative politeness strategies:
 Give overwhelming reasons; not assuming)

                                            23
Joe comes up to her. He offers her cash, but when she
  refuses, he turns to the cashier.
Joe: Rose. That is a great name. Rose. This is
  Kathleen. I'm Joe. This is a credit card machine.
  Happy Thanksgiving. It's your turn to say ”Happy
  Thanksgiving”       back.    (Positive    politeness
  strategies: Claim common ground [notice and
  attend to H; exaggerate interest in H]; Use in-
  group     identity     markers     [first   names];
  Complimenting)



                                                  24
Cashier: Happy Thanksgiving back.
Joe: Knock, knock.
Cashier: Who's there?
Joe: Orange.
Cashier: Orange who?



                                    25
Joe: Orange you going to give us a break by
  zipping this credit card through the credit
  card machine? Come on. You can do it. Zip,
  zip. There you go. (Positive politeness
  strategies: Being optimistic [“Come on. You
  can do it. Zip zip.”]; joking; involving both S
  and H in the activity [though the joke])
(The clerk runs Kathleen’s credit card.)



                                              26
   クラスでの利用
       Brown and Levinson’s categoriesを説明
       You’ve Got Mailのシーンを見せる
       そのシーンのセリフを与える
       会話の中のポジティブとネガティブポライトネ
        スを見つけさせる (グループワーク)
       クラス全体で討論


                                         27
第3部
   字幕データベースの利用
       978DVD
ミントアプリケーション
http://homepage2.nifty.com/mint-ap/
  Movie-Boxed 10
    アラビアンナイト              カサブランカ
    カルメン                  市民ケーン
    キングコング               オズの魔法使い
    ローマの休日               名犬ラッシー
    シャレード                 レベッカ
    http://homepage2.nifty.com/mint-
      ap/mboxed/mb8.html
The End

								
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