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Chuck Grassley

Chuck Grassley
Chuck Grassley Residence Alma mater Occupation Religion United States Senator from Iowa Incumbent Assumed office January 5, 1981 Serving with Tom Harkin Preceded by John Culver Chuck Grassley Candidate for United States Senate election in Iowa, 2010 Election date November 2, 2010 Opponent(s) Bob Krause (D) New Hartford, Iowa University of Northern Iowa, B.A., M.A. politician Baptist

Chairman of the Senate Committee on Finance In office January 3, 2003 – January 3, 2007 Preceded by Succeeded by Max Baucus Max Baucus

Chairman of the Senate Special Committee on Aging In office January 7, 1997 – January 3, 2001 Preceded by Succeeded by William Cohen John B. Breaux

In office January 20 – June 6, 2001 Preceded by Succeeded by Born John B. Breaux John B. Breaux September 17, 1933 (1933-09-17) New Hartford, Iowa American Republican Barbara Grassley Lee Grassley Wendy Grassley Robin Grassley Michele Grassley Jay Grassley

Charles Ernest "Chuck" Grassley (born September 17, 1933) is currently the senior United States Senator from Iowa. He is a member of the Republican Party and has served in the Senate since 1981. From 1958 to 1974, he was an Iowa state legislator. Thereafter he served three terms as a member of the United States House of Representatives. He has twice held the chairmanship of the Finance Committee, from January to June 2001 and from January 2003 to December 2006; as of April 2009, he is the committee’s ranking member.

Personal life
Grassley was born in New Hartford, Butler County, Iowa to Ruth Corwin and Louis Arthur Grassley,[1] and graduated from the town high school. At the Iowa State Teachers College (now the University of Northern Iowa) he earned a bachelor’s degree in 1955 and an M.A. in 1956. Also during the 1950s, Grassley farmed and worked in factories, first as a sheet metal shearer and then as an assembly line worker. Grassley married Barbara Ann Speicher in September 1954; the couple have five children: Lee, Wendy, Robin, Michele, and Jay. Grassley is a member of The Family, a Christian group that organizes the National Prayer Breakfast.

Nationality Political party Spouse Children


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Chuck Grassley
for jobs abroad by putting an unnecessary tax burden on foreign employers. Others felt that the move was only to offset the revenue deficit caused by domestic tax cuts of the Bush Administration.[3] [4] [5] Grassley is against the use of medical marijuana; even in instances involving cancer or AIDS[6] In March 2009, amid the scandal involving various AIG executives receiving large salary bonuses from the taxpayer-funded bailout of the corporate giant, Grassley sparked controversy by suggesting that those AIG employees receiving large bonuses should follow the so-called ’Japanese example’, resign immediately or commit suicide. After much criticism he has not backed off of those comments, dismissing them as rhetoric.[7][8][9]

Political career
Grassley represented parts of Butler County in the Iowa House of Representatives from 1959 until 1974, when he was elected to the United States House of Representatives, where he served three terms. He was elected to his Senate seat in 1980, defeating the Democratic incumbent, John Culver. Grassley was reelected in 1986, 1992, 1998, and 2004. As of April, 2009, he is 11th in seniority in the Senate.

Committee Assignments
• (Ranking Member) • As Ranking Member of the full committee, Sen. Grassley may serve as an ex officio member of all subcommittees of which he is not already a voting member. • Subcommittee on Taxation, IRS Oversight, and Long-Term Growth • • Subcommittee on Administrative Oversight and the Courts • Subcommittee on Antitrust, Competition Policy and Consumer Rights • Subcommittee on Crime and Drugs • Subcommittee on Immigration, Refugees and Border Security • • • (Co-Chairman) •

Sen. Grassley along with Sen. Max Baucus (D-MT), right, address the media after a meeting at the White House with President Bill Clinton. Rep. E. Clay Shaw (R-FL) in background. As a senior member of the Senate Finance Committee Grassley has spearheaded many probes into the misuse and accountability of federal money. In July 2007, a Grassley-commissioned report was released claiming that more than US$1 billion in farm subsidies were sent to deceased individuals. Grassley said: "It’s unconscionable that the Department of Agriculture would think that a dead person was actively engaged in the business of farming." [2] Since 1976, Grassley has repeatedly introduced measures that increase the level of double taxation on American citizens living abroad, including retroactive tax hikes. Grassley was eventually able to attach an amendment to a piece of legislation that went into effect in 2006, which increased taxes on Americans abroad by targeting housing and living incentives paid by foreign employers and held them accountable for federal taxes, even though they did not currently reside in the United States. Critics of the amendment felt that the move hurt Americans competing

Environmental record
In 2005, Charles Grassley received a 7 percent rating on the Republicans for Environmental Protection’s (REP) environmental scorecard. He voted in a manner inconsistent with what the REP considers pro-environment on 14 of 15 issues considered environmentally critical by the REP. He voted with REP on an amendment to the Energy Policy Act of 2005 proposed by Senator Jeff Bingaman to require at least 10% of electricity sold by utilities to originate from renewable resources. Issues in which Senator Grassley


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voted anti-environment are all other amendments to the Energy Policy Act proposed in 2005, the issue of authorizing drilling in the Arctic Wildlife Refuge, and fuel economy standards for vehicles. Senator Grassley received a 10 percent rating on the League of Conservation Voters (LCV) scorecard for his pro-environment votes on the issues of renewable energy and farm conservation programs. [10] These proenvironment votes, however, were balanced by his anti-environment votes on the energy conference report, global warming, natural gas facilities, undermining fuel economy, increasing fuel economy, and various other issues. In 2006, Grassley received a 0 percent rating from the REP[11] and a 14 percent rating from the LCV[10]. According to these organizations, he voted pro-environment on the issue of energy and weatherization assistance, and voted anti-environment on drilling, environmental funding, peer review, renewable resources, and The Gulf of Mexico Security Act.

Chuck Grassley
number of FBI whistle blowers, including Coleen Rowley, Michael German, and Jane Turner. Grassley received a lifetime achievement award on May 17, 2007 from the National Whistleblower Center.

Tax-Exempt Religious Organizations Probe
On November 5, 2007, Grassley announced an investigation into the tax-exempt status of six ministries under the leadership of Benny Hinn, Paula White, Eddie L. Long, Joyce Meyer, Creflo Dollar, and Kenneth Copeland by the United States Senate Committee on Finance.[20] In letters to each ministry, Grassley asked for the ministries to divulge specific financial information to the committee to determine whether or not funds collected by each organization were inappropriately utilized by ministry heads.[21] By the December 6, 2007 deadline, only three of the ministries had shown compliance with the Finance Committee’s request. On March 11, 2008, Grassley and Finance Chairman Max Baucus sent follow-up letters to Kenneth Copeland, Creflo Dollar and Eddie Long, explaining that the Senate reserved the right to investigate the finances of their organizations under federal tax laws.[22] As of December 17, 2008, all three ministries have been placed on a list of potentially risky organizations for monetary donations.[23]

Veterans record
Despite his attempts to ride on the coattails of veterans for political gain[12], Senator Grassley has the third-worst voting record in the entire US Congress (House and Senate combined) on veterans issues, according to the Disabled American Veterans, earning a 40 rating. Only 2 senators, both Republicans, have lower ratings.[13]

Other Scorecard ratings
Senator Grassley has a 100 percent rating from the National Right to Life Committee [14], 84 percent rating from the American Conservative Union [15], 100 percent rating from the Family Research Council [16], and 100 percent rating from Eagle Forum [17]. As of March 2007, Grassley’s Power Ranking was 35.27, down from 78.5 only 2 years earlier. [18] A late April 2009 poll shows Grassley’s popularity in Iowa is plummeting, with 59% approving of his job, and 32% disapproving.[19]

Medical Research Probes
Grassley also began an investigation about unreported payments to physicians by pharmaceutical companies. The New York Times reported that Dr. Joseph Biederman of Harvard University had failed to report over a million dollars of income that he had received from pharmaceutical companies.[24] Weeks later, Business Week reported that Grassley alleged that Alan Schatzberg, chair of psychiatry at Stanford University, had underreported his investments in Corcept Therapeutics, a company he founded.[25] Dr. Schatzberg had reported only $100,000 investments in Corcept, but Grassley stated that his investments actually totalled over $6 million. Dr. Schaztberg later stepped down from his grant which is funded by the National Institutes of Health (NIH).[26] Similarly, Dr. Charles Nemeroff resigned as chair of the

Grassley has campaigned to increase protection and provide support for "Whistleblowers". He has supported a


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psychiatry department at Emory University after failing to report a third of the $2.8 million in consulting fees he received from GlaxoSmithKline. At the time he received these fees, Dr. Nemeroff had been principal investigator of a $3.9 million NIH grant evaluating five medications for depression manufactured by GlaxoSmithKline.[27] Rosanne Freeburg (I) 0.4%

Chuck Grassley

Carl Eric Olsen (Grassroots) 0.3% Richard O’Dell Hughes (I) 0.2% Cleve Andrew Pulley (Socialist Workers) 0.1% 1986 Iowa Election United States Senatorial

2010 Election
Democratic challenger Bob Krause is a former state legislator, Army veteran and transportation official. Krause has said that Grassley’s more than half-century in public office is too long. "As a good farmer, Sen. Grassley must recognize that 51 years, or 58 years at the end of his term, is a long time to go without rotating crops," Krause told about 50 supporters in Des Moines.[28] Krause cited Grassley’s support in 1999 for legislation that allowed banks and insurance companies to begin offering other investment products. "Please remember that Farmer Grassley was one that opened the barn door and let the cow out at AIG," Krause said.[29] Grassley may also face a primary challenge, with some conservatives saying he has drifted "too far to the left".[30]

Chuck Grassley (R) (inc.) 66% John P. Roehrick (D) 34% 1980 Iowa Election United States Senatorial

Chuck Grassley (R) 53.5% John Culver (D) (inc.) 45.5% 1978 Iowa 3rd District United States Congressional Election Chuck Grassley (R) (inc.) 74.8% John Knudson (D) 25.2% 1976 Iowa 3rd District United States Congressional Election Chuck Grassley (R) (inc.) 56% Stephen Rapp 44% 1974 Iowa 3rd District United States Congressional Election Chuck Grassley (R) 50.8% Stephen Rapp (D) 49.2%

Electoral history
United States Senate election in Iowa, 2004 Chuck Grassley (R) (inc.) 70.1% Arthur Small (D) 27.9% Christy Welty (Lib.) 1% Daryl Northrop (Green) 0.8% Edwin Fruit (Socialist Workers) 0.1% 1998 Iowa Election United States Senatorial

[1] 1 [2] "Dead farmers got subsidies", The Seattle Times, 2007-07-24, nationworld/2003803149_watch24.html, retrieved on 2007-07-24. [3] Americans Living Abroad Get a Nasty Tax Surprise - New York Times [4] Americans abroad face higher U.S. tax bills - International Herald Tribune [5] ACA frame linker [6] Article.cfm?customel_dataPageID_1502=18731 [7] 29733519/ Follow the ’Japanese example’ [8] Grassley dismisses suicide talk as rhetoric [9] A.I.G. Must Take Its Medicine [10] ^ League of Conservation Voters [11] Republicans for Environmental Protection 2006 Scorecard

Chuck Grassley (R) (inc.) 68.4% David Osterberg (D) 30.5% Susan Marcus (Natural Law) 0.8% Margaret Trowe (Socialist Workers) 0.3% 1992 Iowa Election United States Senatorial

Chuck Grassley (R) (inc.) 69.6% Jean Lloyd-Jones (D) 27.2% Stuart Zimmerman (Natural Law) 1.3% Sue Atkinson (I) 0.5% Mel Boring (I) 0.4%


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Chuck Grassley

[12] [27] grassley-cosponsors-flag-burningscience/sci-doctors4 "Doctor Accused in amendment Congress’ Probe" The Los Angeles [13] Times, October 4, 2008. issue_rating_detail.php?r_id=3483 [28] Thomas Beaumont (March 29, 2009), [14] "Democrat says Grassley has been in scorecard.xc?chamber=S&state=US&session=110&x=12&y=11 KCCI, Senate too long", [15] 2007all.htm#IA article/20090329/NEWS09/903290336/ [16] 1056. EF06J02.pdf [29] Thomas Beaumont (March 29, 2009), [17] "Democrat says Grassley has been in scorecard.xc?chamber=S&state=US&session=1102&x=8&y=5 KCCI, Senate too long", [18] [1] - Power Rankings 2008 [19] [2] Survey USA article/20090329/NEWS09/903290336/ [20] 1056. nov/grassley/copeland.pdf "Read [30] Grassley’s Letters",, December salier-grassley-could-be-primaried 04, 2007. Retrieved on December 10, 2007. [21] • United States Senator Chuck Grassley :: ref> official Senate site stories/2007/11/06/cbsnews_investigates/ • Biography at the Biographical Directory of main3462147.shtml "Televangelists the United States Congress Living Like Kings?", CBS News, • Voting record maintained by The November 6, 2007. Retrieved on Washington Post September 17, 2007. • Campaign finance reports and data at the [22] Election Commission baucus-urge-four-ministries-cooperate • Campaign contributions at "Grassley, Baucus Urge Four Ministries to Cooperate", Planned Giving Design • Biography, voting record, and interest Center, March 12, 2008. Retrieved on group ratings at Project Vote Smart February 4, 2009. • Issue positions and quotes at On The [23] Issues 12/17/ministrywatchcom’s-2008-list• New York Times — Charles E. Grassley of-30-donor-alert-ministries/ News collected news and commentary "’s 2008 List of 30 • The New Republic — "The strange Donor Alert Ministries", heroism of Chuck Grassley. Earnest Goes, December 17, 2008. to Washington" Eve Fairbanks, September Retrieved on February 4, 2009. 10, 2007 (subscription required) [24] 08conflict.html?hp "Researchers Fail to Reveal Full Drug Pay" The New York Times, June 8, 2008. [25] technology/content/jun2008/ tc20080626_630542.htm "Drug Makers and College Labs: Too Cozy?" Business Week, June 26, 2008. [26] stanford-researcher-accused-of-conflictssteps-down-as-nih-principal-investigator "Stanford Researcher, Accused of Conflicts, Steps Down as NIH Principal Investigator" The Chronicle of Higher Education, August 1, 2008.

External links


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United States House of Representatives Preceded by H.R. Gross

Chuck Grassley

Member of the U.S. House of Representatives Succeeded by T. Cooper Evans from Iowa’s 3rd congressional district 1975 – 1981 United States Senator (Class 3) from Iowa 1981 – present
Served alongside: Roger Jepsen, Tom Harkin

United States Senate Preceded by John Culver Political offices Preceded by William Cohen Preceded by Max Baucus Preceded by Christopher Dodd


Chairman of the Senate Aging Committee 1997 – 2001 Chairman of the Senate Finance Committee 2003 – 2007 United States Senators by seniority 11th

Succeeded by John Breaux Succeeded by Max Baucus Succeeded by Arlen Specter

Order of precedence in the United States of America

Retrieved from "" Categories: United States Senators from Iowa, Members of the United States House of Representatives from Iowa, Members of the Iowa House of Representatives, Baptists from the United States, Intelligent design advocates, People from Iowa, 1933 births, Living people, Iowa Republicans This page was last modified on 22 May 2009, at 12:40 (UTC). All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License. (See Copyrights for details.) Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a U.S. registered 501(c)(3) taxdeductible nonprofit charity. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers


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