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Charlottesville Daily Chronicle
8/23/1865

Albemarle Baptist Association

The Association met on its seventy-fourth anniversary at Hillaboro‘, in this county, 15
miles west of Charlottesville, on Tuesday, the 15th inst. It embraces forty-three churches,
twenty of them being in Albemarle. One church, Sycamore Grove, was added during the
past year. The number of members for 1864 was 4,190 whites and 4,788 colored, total
8,979. Besides the usual business transacted there were religious services each day
during the three days of the reunion. Rev. Dr. Samson of Washington City, Rev. George
B. Taylor, Rev. J. Win. Jones, Rev. Mr. Braddus, Rev. A. E. Dickinson, Rev. W. J.
Shipman, Rev. Mr. Settle, and other ministers delivered discourses to large and attentive
audiences. An immense concourse of people was attracted together upon the occasion,
and the hospitality of the people of Albemarle was as abounding and liberal as it has been
wont to be.

We were edified by the sound and excellent doctrine and exhortation of the ministers, and
the ladies had not forgotten to provide the wants of the creature. A plentiful and various
board supplied and invigorated our atomachic system.

The aesthetic appetite too was ministered to. The eye was gratified with the display of
sweet faces, flushed with the bloom of the mountain air. As the chorus, in the concluding
services, rung out,
―March on, march on, do not fear the foe,‖ even an old gentleman could heartily respond:
―Yes, I‘m glad I‘m in the army.‖


Charlottesville Daily Chronicle
8/23/1865

Albemarle Baptist Association.

The seventy-fourth annual meeting of this body . . . Rev. W. A.Whitescarver was chosen
Moderator, and A. P. Abell, Esq, Clerk. Forty-two churches are connected with the
Association, from which interesting reports were received.- While the letters were being
read, Rev. J. W. Jones addressed the people at the stand.

The second day of the session was devoted to religious exercises; and the Association
adjourned to the grove, where Rev. G. W. Samson and Rev. A. E. Dickinson preached to
an immense congregation. In the afternoon a mass meeting, in behalf of Sabbath schools,
were held, at which addresses were delivered by Revs. W. F. Broaddus, A. E. Dickinson
and G. B. Taylor. While these services were progressing at the arbor, Rev. O. F. Fry and
Rev. Richardson were preaching to the Negroes in the church.
The Association held a brief session on Wednesday, at which the report on education
prepared by Prof. John Hart was discussed. Rev. Dr. Samson, President of Columbian
College, D.C., represented his institution as being in a very flourishing condition. During
the war a large indebtedness has been paid off, and the city lots owned by the College had
become very valuable. Its property is now worth over $250,000. Recently Mr. Corcoran,
of Washington city, has donated to the College a building appraised at $30,000, which
will be used for a law school. Resolutions warmly endorsing Dr. Samson and
commending the College were adopted.

Rev. Dr. W. F. Broadus and Rev. A. E. Dickinson advocated the putting forth most
vigorous efforts to educate the orphans of our soldiers.

Rev. G. B. Taylor spoke in behalf of Alleghany College. The building of this institution
was burnt by the Federal army, and it is believed that the Government will now
appropriate an amount sufficient to rebuild the institution.

It was decided to hold the next annual meeting of the Association at Goshen Bridge, and
Rev. G. B. Taylor was appointed to preach the opening sermon.

On Thursday sundry important reports were adopted, and many interesting addresses
delivered; and while this was going on in the house, Rev. Messrs Taylor and Broaddus
were preaching at the stand.


The Charlottesville Chronicle
2/21/1867

Superstition among the Freedman.

One of the most intelligent and respectable colored men of this place, one of the leaders
among the colored people here brought to this office about a week since, a printed paper
entitled ―A Letter from Jesus Christ.‖ He ordered three hundred copies of it to be strunk
off designing it no doubt for circulation. The following is a copy of the paper:

A Copy Of A Letter From Jesus Christ

And found eighteen miles from Iconium, sixty-five years after our blessed Saviour‘s
crucifixion transmitted from the Holy City by a converted Jew; faithfully translated from
the Hebrew copy, now in possession of the lady Cuby‘s family of Mesopotamia. The
letter was written by Jesus Christ, and found under a great stone, both round and large, at
the foot of the Cross, eighteen miles from Iconium, near a village called Mesopotamia.
Upon that stone was engraved, ―Blessed is he that shall turn me over.‖ All people that
saw it prayed to God earnestly and desired that he would make known to them the
meaning of this writing, that they might not attempt in vain to turn it over. In the
meantime there came a little child about six or seven years old, and turned it over without
help to the admiration of all the people that stood by and under this stone was found a
letter written by Jesus Christ, which was carried to the city of Iconium, and there
published by a person belonging to the lady Cuby, and on the letter was written: the
Commandments of Jesus Christ, signed by the Angel Gabriel, twenty-eight years after
our Saviour‘s birth.

A Letter of Jesus Christ

Whosoever worketh on the Sabbath day shall be cursed: I command you to go to church,
and keep the Lord‘s day holy without doing any manner of work. You shall not idly
misspend your time in bedecking yourselves with superfluities of costly apparel, and in
dresses, for I have ordained it a day of rest - I will have it kept holy, that your sins may be
forgiven you. You shall not break my commandments, but observe and keep them,
written with my own hand; write them in your hearts, and steadfastly observe this was
written with my own hand and spoken by my own mouth. You shall not only go to
church yourselves, but also your men servants and your maidservants, and observe my
words and learn my commandments: you shall finish your labor every Saturday
afternoon by six of the clock at which hour the preparation of the Sabbath begins. I
advise you to fast five Fridays in every year, beginning with Good Friday, and to
continue the four Fridays immediately following, in remembrance of the five bloody
wounds I received for all mankind. You shall diligently and peaceably labor in your
respective vocations wherein it has pleased God to call you. You shall love one another
with brotherly love, and cause them that are not baptized to come to church and bear the
holy sacrament, viz: Baptism and the Lord‘s Supper, and be made members thereof; in
so doing I will give long life and many blessings, and comfort you in the greatest
temptations; and surely he that doth to the contrary shall be cursed and unprofitable. I
will also send hardness of heart upon them, till I have destroyed them but . . .that hath
given to the poor, he shall not be unprofitable.

Remember to keep holy the Sabbath day, for the seventh day I have taken to myself; and
he that hath a copy of this letter, written with my own hand, and spoken publishing it to
others, shall not prosper, but he that publish it to others shall be blest of me, and though
his sins be in number as the stars in the sky - and he that believes in this shall be
pardoned, and if he believes not this writing and my commandments, I will send my
plagues upon him, and consume both him and his children and his cattle. And whoever
shall have a copy of this letter written with my won hand, and keep it in their house,
nothing shall hurt them, neither pestilence, lightening nor thunder shall do them any hurt;
and if a woman be with child and in labor, and a copy of this letter be about her, and she
firmly put her trust in me, she shall be safely delivered of her birth. You shall hear no
news of me but by the Holy Spirit till the day of judgment.

All prosperity shall be in the house where a copy of this letter shall be found.

The motives of the party who had this paper printed were, we believe, the best in the
world. He doubtless conceived that he was circulating a valuable and instructive
religious tract. No doubt also he was moved to the same by the promise contained in it,
that ―he that [shall] publish it shall be blest of [mo]-though his sins be in number as the
stars in the sky.‖

We do not know the origin of the document; it is apparently some Roman Catholic story.
When this church gets a fair crack at our colored people, the Baptist and Methodist will
be nowhere. They will join it en masse. This absurd legend is adopted and believed by
our colored friend without one particle of evidence; and he is not ―a common nigger‖ by
any means; but a sober, pious, industrious mechanic, who reads and writes. The
marvelous legends of the saints would afford infinite food for the imagination of the
colored devotee: the beads, the crucifixes, the shrines, the censers, the bells, the priestly
garments, the miserere‘s, the holy water, the consecrated wafer-all the pomp, pride, and
circumstances of the Romish Church would powerfully affect his senses.

Why, what if our friend only knew what a world of religious literature he had gotten on
the track of! He ought to strike off (for circulation among the colored brethren) from the
Apocrypha the History of Bel and the Dragon, and the Song of the Three Children. Then
there is the Book of Enoch, the Testament of the Twelve Patriarchs, the Book of Elijah
the Prophet, which are not published in even the Roman editions of the Old Testament,
and, by way of supplementing the New Testament, there are a number of spurious
documents much more venerable than the letter before us; such as, The History of Joseph
the Carpenter; The Letter of Abgarus, King of Odessa, to Jesus Christ; the ―Six Letters to
Seneca‖ from Paul; The Gospel of Nicodemus; The Nativity of Mary; The Gospel of the
Saviour‘s Infancy; The Acts of Paul and Thecia, &c. And for more plausible than these,
actually said in some of the churches in the second and third centuries and believed by
some of the early fathers to be canonical, the Epistic of Barnabus, the Shepard of
Hermas, the Epistle of Giement.

But if our colored brethren could contrive to visit the city of Rome, they would see
wonders sure enough. There is the very chair that St. Peter used to sit in as Bishop of
Rome. There, in St. Peter‘s Church, they will see a portion of the cross on which our
Saviour was crucified - the hankerchief of St. Veronica which contains an impression of
our Saviour‘s features - the spear which was thrust into our Saviour‘s side, &c. If they
will go to the church of Ara Coeli, there is the Santissimo Bambino, a wooden figure of
the Infant Saviour, which was carried out of a tree that grow on the Mount of Olives by a
Franciscan Monk, and painted by St. Luke which the pilgrim was asleep. This image is
carried to the beds of the sick, and heals them. Or our traveling colored friend may visit
the basilica of St. John Lateran one of the oldest churches in Rome. Here there are many
curious things: such as the mouth of the well at which the woman of Samaria was met by
our Lord; 2 columns at Pilate‘s House; a column of the temple split when the vail of the
temple was rent in twain; the porphyry alab on which the soldiers cast lots for our
Saviour‘s vesture; the Santa Scala, or Holy Stairs, which belonged to Pilate‘s House, and
which are the identical stairs which the Saviour descended when he left the judgement
seat (John xix., 13-16). At the top of these stairs may be seen, in the Gothic chapel called
Sancta Sanctorum, an exact likeness of our Saviour at the age of 12, painted by St. Luke.
(No woman is allowed to enter this chapel). In the basilisca or church of Santa Maria
Maggiore is a likeness of the Virgin Mary, also painted by St. Luke. In this church is
also preserved the Cradle of our Saviour, which is carried in solemn procession on
Christmas Eve, the Cardinal-vicar officiating. In the church of S. Paolo alle tre Fontane
is the identical block of marble on which St. Paul was beheaded. In S. Pietro in Vincoli
is the chain with which St. Peter was bound in Jerusalem, which is publicly exhibited to
the people on the festival of St. Peter in Vinculis on the 1st of August.

We have dwelt on these things because they may become practical matters; and when our
colored people get to voting under Mr. Sherman‘s bill they may become test questions.
A man without a copy of the ―Letter from Jesus Christ‖ may not get their suffrages; and
candidates for the legislature may be required to believe that the big rock spoken of was
turned over by the little child; and we may have to swear to the handwriting of the Angel
Gabriel.

The Charlottesville Chronicle
6/11/1867

The colored people here held a Fair yesterday for the purpose of raising funds to build a
church. They have purchased from Mr. John Mannoni [sp?] the lot opposite Midway for
$1500. The idea is to sell off a section fronting on Main Street, which contains two
buildings.

We hope our colored friends will soon be able to pay for their purchase and commence
building.

Would it not be well for a paper to be introduced among the white people?

The Charlottesville Chronicle
6/18/1867

We advise our colored friends to circulate their papers for subscriptions to their church at
once – while the iron is hot. And we hope the white citizens will respond liberally to the
application. Liberally, and like gentlemen.

The Charlottesville Chronicle
6/18/1867

We learn that Rev. J. F. Massey will address the people of that neighborhood tomorrow at
the E.M. Church in Buck Island, in this county, on the subject of Registration. We hope
there will be a good audience. Let the men of influence in that country see that there is.

The Charlottesville Chronicle
11/12/1867

In consequence of the colored people having been ousted from their regular hall at
Mudwall by Miss Anna Gardner, the school-mistress, they had no place to hold their
usual church services on Sunday afternoon. Mr. A. P. Abell kindly offered them the
basement of the Baptist Church, which was accepted, and Mr. Abell undertook to conduct
services.

During the services Rev. N. Rickmond, colored, got up to read a hymn, and instantly by a
simultaneous impulse the whole congregation, with the exception of some thirty or forty,
rose to their feet, and marched out of the Church. The explanation is that the colored
clergymen in question is not a radical.

In the same connection we may remark that we regret to learn that the colored people
here have dispensed with the services of Rev. Wm. Givens, colored, who has been
preaching to them for a year past. The reason assigned is that he is not sufficiently
―learned‖; but as he is a man of excellent sense, and some education, we suspect the true
reason is that he has steadily refused to have anything to do, one way or the other, with
politics. He says that as a preacher of the gospel, he thinks it his duty to have nothing to
do with politics.

The Charlottesville Chronicle
2/2/1869

There are in Albemarle county about 12,000 white people and 13,000 negroes with 60
churches for the white people and three for the Negroes, to all of which there are fifty
preachers, twenty-five of them Baptist.

Charlottesville Chronicle
5/1/1869

Colored Church.

For some time past, a difficulty has existed among our colored friends of the Baptist
church. We are glad that this difficulty has ended. Owing to the large number of colored
Baptists, a new church was constituted last week under the title of First African Baptist
Church of Charlottesville. This new church begins with a membership of nearly six
hundred. The members have commenced to work in earnest, and we hope they will soon
have a good house for their services. At present a colored minister from Richmond is
preaching for them. The other church is under the charge of Rev. J. W. George, who has
been preaching to the colored people for a number of years.

We trust that all the colored people in the community will be brought under religious
influences, because christians make good citizens. One word to our colored friends.
Keep politics out of the church; and above all things, have nothing to do with strolling
political preachers who go about the country teaching infamous doctrines, pretending to
be your friend, and succeed only in making the whites your enemies. It is hardly
necessary to mention the fact that they always take up a collection ―to pay expenses.‖

We expect good results from the First African Baptist Church of Charlottesville.
Charlottesville Chronicle
5/11/1869

African Baptist Church Reform - From what we occasionally learn on the street, the
reform going on in this church cannot be very lasting. We heard two negro girls
quarrelling on Union street lately. - They jawed for some time, but we could only catch
one sentence, which was, ―I don‘t ‗tend to let no nigger, likes of you, cuss me, and you
know you were just baptized yesterday too.‖ Then in the latter part of last week, one got
to preaching to another on Court street. She made . . . imperfect and false quotations
from Scripture, but seeing it was taken [rather] lightly with her hearer, she wound up
with, ―Well, I hope the Lord will drap the scales from you eyes some day, but you‘s the
[dumbest] fool I ever seen, and unless you turn from your ways, and that quick, too, the
devil is just as good for you as a Muscovey duck is for a june-bug. -Good bye.‖


The Tri-Weekly Chronicle
11/25/1869

Methodist Espicopal Church South and the Colored People. – The Virginia Conference of
the above named church, held in Richmond last week, adopted the following resolutions:
    1. That the presiding bishop of this Conference be, and is hereby, requested to
       organize, at the earliest practicable day, a Conference of colored members within
       our bounds.
    2. That until such organization is effected the presiding elders and ministers be
       requested to form the societies within the limits of their respective districts into
       circuits, supplying them with colored preachers whenever practicable, and giving
       to each such charge its own quarterly conference, as provided in the Discipline.
    3. That all members of this Conference be urged to use their best efforts in their
       respective charges to interest the church and people in this work, that it may be
       rendered a success.
    4. That the office of superintendent of colored missions be discontinued in view of
       the scarcity of funds and the urgency of prior claims; and that this work be
       entrusted to the godly judgment, Christian prudence, and fidelity of the presiding
       elders of the several districts, with instructions to report in writing its condition at
       the next session of this body.
    5. That the property owned by us and formerly used by the colored people of our
       church shall in no case be relinquished to other organizations, but be retained by
       us for the use of the Conference to be formed as above recommended.

The [resolution] was addressed at length by Rev. Drs. Rowzie, Smith, Bennett, Edwards,
and Rev. Messrs, A. G. Brown and Robert O. Burton; and was then adopted.
70s

Tri-Weekly Chronicle
8/4/1870

The Colored Baptist General Association of Virginia will convene in this city on next
Wednesday. We understand that our colored citizens are making arrangements to
accommodate very large number of persons, and it is expected that this general meeting
of the colored Baptists will be numerously attended. We hope that their deliberations
will be harmonious, and advance the spiritual welfare of all their members.

Tri-Weekly Chronicle
8/11/1870

The Colored Shiloh Baptist Association of Virginia convened with the Delevan Baptist
church in this place on yesterday. Rev. E. G. Corprew, Moderator, and Ballard T.
Edwards, Clerk. At 11 o‘clock, Rev. John Jasper preached the introductory discourse
from these words, ―For the kingdom of heaven is as a man travelling in a far country.‖
He is a man of good preaching talents and an eloquent speaker. The rest of the day was
consumed in hearing the letters from the churches read. This Association is composed of
95 churches and 29,159 members. Religious service will be held in Zion Baptist church
every night this week. Upwards of 100 delegates were present the first day.


Tri-Weekly Chronicle
8/11/1870

The Colored Baptist Association of Virginia

First Day - Evening Session
The Association met at 8 o‘clock and made their permanent organization, with the
election of officers, &c., for the ensuing year, E. G. Corprew, of Portsmouth, being
chosen moderator; Ballard T. Edwards, of Manchester, clerk; and Henry Williams, of
Petersburgh, corresponding secretary.

Elder E. G. Corprew addressed the Association briefly thanking them for the honor
conferred. On motion, the thanks of the Association were extended to Elder E. G.
Corprew for his efficient services.

The following ministers and brethren were invited to take seats in the Association-viz.,
Rev. C. R. Ross, Samuel Harris, Henry Smith, E. Watts, Win. Hill, and J. C. Allen,
(Ohio).

The Association then adjourned to meet at 9 o‘clock the following morning.

Second Day - Morning Session
The Association met at 9 o‘clock, Elder E. G. Corprew in the chair. Prayer was offered
by the Rev. George L. Dixon, of Fredericksburg. The next business being the
appointment of committees of finance, new churches, publication of minutes, and
miscellaneous business &c.

Letters were then read from a number of churches, each containing an amount of money,
according to its numbers, to help defray the expenses of the Association.

The committee to appoint delegates to the Valley association recommended that Sampson
White be sent as a delegate which report was adopted unanimously. A motion made and
seconded to appoint some minister to preach at Mt. Zion church daily at 11 o‘clock was
carried and was sent to the committee on devotional services.

Committee on correspondence reported 30 churches to be added to the Association,
located in different sections of the State; which report was adopted.

Prayer being offered by Mr. Hill, the Association then adjourned to meet at 3 o‘clock.

Evening Session.
The Association met at 3 o‘clock E. G. Corprew, moderator, in the chair. A portion of
Scripture was read, and prayer offered by Elder Jefferson Branch. The letters from the 30
churches which were admitted to the Association were then read, and the names of the
churches put upon the books of the Association, making the total number of churches
now in the Association 130; thirty of which have sent contributions amounting to $85.88
to defray expenses of publishing the minutes of the Association.

A communication was then read from Rev. C. R. Ross in regard to furnishing books to
Sunday schools.

The hour of adjournment having arrived, prayer was offered by Elder MeKenzie, and the
meeting adjourned to meet at 9 o‘clock on Friday morning.

Second Day - Night Session
The Association met at 8 o‘clock, in pursuance of adjournment. A dense crowd had
assembled to hear the doctrinal sermon preached, according to appointment, by Elder
Henry Williams, of Petersburg. Punctual to the time Mr. Williams was in the pulpit.
After reading a chapter and singing several hymns, Mr. Williams selected as his text the
16th verse, 4th chapter of 1st Timothy. We must say that we were very agreeably
disappointed. Mr. Williams showed himself to be a very intelligent man, as well as a
good speaker, never seeming to be at a loss for words or how to apply them. We think
the advice he gave his church, as well as the doctrine he preached, if they are carried into
effect, will result in great good to all. His discourse lasted one hour and a quarter after
which a prayer was offered by Elder Tray, which was appropriate to the occasion.

Third Day - Morning Session
The Association met at 9 o‘clock, Elder E. G. Corprew in the chair. Hymn 646 was sung,
and prayer offered by Elder Saul R. Harris. The letter from Wilnurn Church was read
and the church received.

The Committee on Correspondence made the following report:

Your Committee being taxed with . . . matter, relating to Elder J. W. White and his wife,
ask that a [special] committee be appointed by the Association to take the matter in hand,
and read the letter of inquiry addressed to the ministers and delegates of the Association.

On motion of Elder Win. Troy, a committee of seven were appointed to investigate the
matter. Committee appointed as follows:

Elders - Henry Williams, Jr., Harrison Scott, Win. Troy, Richard Wells, E. G. Corprew,
George Winfield, and Ephraim Ryals.

Elder Henry Williams offered the following substitute for the whole:

Resolved, That in our opinion it is inexpedient for any person to fill the position of a
minister or pastor who does not live with his wife, for any cause save that given by our
Saviour and such be thoroughly proven and known to Christendom; which was adopted.

A motion was made and carried to appoint delegates to the Valley Association.

Elder Troy then offered as resolution in regard to the education of the ministry, &c.
warmly recommending the Colored Richmond Institute, also the Howard University and
Wayland School of Washington, D. C. Very strong appeals were made by Elder Troy and
others in support of the resolution; which was unanimously adopted.

The session then closed by prayer from Deacon Wm. Brown. Adjourned to meet at 3
o‘clock.

Tri Weekly Chronicle
9/24/1870

Baptising – There will be a large number (about a hundred and fifty) colored persons
baptized at Mechum‘s river tomorrow into the Mount Olivet Baptist church. This interest
has commenced to show itself since the Association here this summer. We are very glad
indeed to learn of the spirit of religion manifesting itself so strongly among our colored
friends.

There will be a special excursion train running from here on Sunday starting at 7 ½
o‘clock, returning after the conclusion of the exercises.
Jeffersonian Republican
4/17/1873

Religious Revival. - For several days past there has been quite an extensive revival in the
Mount Zion (colored) Baptist church. A large number of persons have been received as
candidates for baptism. At the meeting on Sunday night last fifty persons asked an
interest in the prayers of the church. On Sunday next at 3 o‘clock P. M., the ordinance of
baptism will be administered in Cochran‘s pond, by the pastor, Rev. I. W. Smith.

Jeffersonian Republican
6/11/1873

Churches in Charlottesville. - There are in this town nine Christian churches, established
in the following order. viz.: 1. Protestant Episcopal; 2. Presbyterian; 3. Baptist; 4.
Methodist Episcopal South; 5. Disciples; 6. Catholic; 7. Delvan (col. Bap.); 8. Zion (col.
Bap); 9. Lutheran.

Previous to the year 1825, no church edifice had been erected in this place; religious
services were held in the Court House and at private residences. The Court House was
free to all, and the citizens of the town and vicinity assembled there to worship for many
years. Thomas Jefferson went to these assemblages, taking his seat with him. It is said
he was a great lover of church music, and enjoyed the old tunes Winter, Dundee, Old
Hundred, St. Martins, Mear, Jerusalem, &c, with exceeding great pleasure and delight.
He was himself a skilled performer on the violin, vulgarly called the fiddle.

The first church built was by the general subscription of the people at large in 1825; and
when Rev. Frederick W. Hatch settled here he had the church consecrated as an
Episcopal (Christ) church, and became its first pastor. - He was a good scholar and taught
the languages, mathematics and the higher branches of English. On Sunday evenings he
had the Scriptures read by his pupils and members of his family in Greek, Latin, French,
Italian, German, Spanish and English - he himself supervising and correcting the whole
exercises. Until 1830, there was no organ in this church, and the singing was led by some
person who could set a tune, and the whole assembly united in the performance. After
the organ was put in the church an irregular choir sang, and the organists were ladies,
who were good performers - we recollect Mrs. Spencer, Mrs. Raphael, and Mrs.
Alexander Rives.

For five years after the erection of this church religious services were held on two
Sundays in the month by the Episcopal clergyman, and on the other two Sundays by the
Presbyterian minister, and occasionally by Baptist and other ministers.

The Sunday school connected with this church was established in April, 1829, by James
Alexander assisted by Mr. Richard Johnson, a Methodist, and an instructor of youth,
several students of the University, the daughters of Alexander Garrett, Esq., Mrs. Spencer
and daughters and Mrs. Rodes McKennie. A Sunday school was also in existence, in
town, which had been established in 1816, by Mr. John and Mrs. Mary Kelley, and in
which J. W. C. Watson, Champe Carter and Dr. Royall were teachers, and was designated
a Union Sunday School. The house in which this school was first held, is now standing
on Union street, between Market and Jefferson streets. The school was afterwards held in
a one story brick house near Mr. Kelley‘s residence.

Rev. Mr. Hatch continued to serve this church till 1831, when he removed to the State of
New York, and died there several years since.

The Episcopal minister, Rev. F. W. Hatch, and the Presbyterian minister, Rev. Francis
Bowman, preached at the University on Sunday mornings previous to the usual services
in their own churches in town, and this engagement continued till the present system of
appointing chaplains at the University was adopted.

Rev. J. Swift served as Missionary, and held services in the church after Rev. Mr. Hatch.

Rev. Zachariah Meade succeeded him. After him Rev. Nicholas Hamner Cobbs, who
was born and raised in Albemarle county, (afterwards bishop of Alabama), held services
in the church on Sunday evenings, while he was Chaplain to the University in 1834-‘35).

In April 1836, Rev. R. K. Meade was elected pastor and continued as Rector till the Fall
of 1868, upwards of thirty-two years, when he resigned. In the latter part of his ministry
Rev. W. C. Butler and Rev. W. N. Nelson were assistant ministers.

On the 1st of January 1869, the present Rector, Rev. J. S. Hanckel of South Carolina, took
the pastoral charge of the church.

The Episcopal church, with the exception of enlightenment and alterations, is the same as
built at first in 1825.

The second church in Charlottesville was erected by the Presbyterians in the year 1828,
and was dedicated in the Summer of 1829. It was a plain brick edifice, and stood in the
same place where the present Gothic church now stands. After this church in 1829 was
opened for service, the Presbyterians ceased to hold worship in the Episcopal church, and
regular weekly service was held by the Episcopalians, instead, as formerly, twice a
month.

The Presbyterian congregation in this place was a part of the church at South Plains, near
Keswick, where for years they had worshipped. Rev. William Armstrong was minister,
and he preached in Charlottesville to admiring crowds, and his services are still held in
grateful remembrance by our older citizens. He afterwards was settled in Richmond, and
we believe in Norfolk, and lost his life in a steamer which was burnt on its passage
between Norfolk and New York.

Rev. Francis Bowman, of Vermont, was the first pastor of the church after the erection of
its house of worship in 1828. This clergyman is still living and resides in Georgia; he
was a man highly esteemed by our citizens, and receives a cordial welcome on his annual
visits to the mountains of Virginia. Two of his sons are in the ministry.

After Rev. Bowman, came Rev. Edward Smith, the first elected chaplain to the
University. He was an eloquent speaker and zealous minister. He is now, we believe, a
minister in one of the New York city churches.

Rev. William S. White, D. D., now of Lexington, Va., became pastor of this church in
1836, and continued till 1848. He was for many years Principal of the Female Academy
in this place.

Rev. Daniel B. Ewing was assistant minister in 1844, and continued to serve in that
capacity for one year. He then removed to Gordonsville and became Principal of the
Female Academy at that place. He is now pastor of the Hebron Presbyterian Church in
Augusta county.

The next pastor was Rev. B. M. Wailes now pastor of the Covesville Presbyterian church
in this county.

Rev. J. H. Smith became pastor in 1854, and continued till 1859, and is now pastor of the
Presbyterian church in Goldsboro, N. C.

Rev. J. E. Annin, of Pennsylvania, served as minister till the breaking out of the late war,
when he resigned and went North.

Rev. Dr. W. H. McGuffley, of the University, served the church till Rev. William Hoge,
of New York city (who had left that place and returned to his native Virginia) was elected
pastor. He served the church for a year or more, then accepted the charge of a church in
Petersburg, Virginia, where he soon afterwards died.

Rev. Dr. McGuffey again supplied the pulpit of the Presbyterian church until the election
of the present pastor, Rev. Edgar Woods. Owing to ill health, Rev. Mr. Woods is
prevented from regular service, and Rev. J. J. Bryson is the assistant minister.

The third church established in Charlottesville was the Baptist Church. It was erected
and constituted August 18, 1831. The house of worship was a substantial brick one,
situated on the corner of Union and Market streets, and is now a double dwelling house,
owned by Mr. F. M. Wills, and the present pastor of the church occupies a part of it for a
residence.

The present commodious house of worship was erected in 1854-‘55, and is situated on
the corner of Church and Market streets; the entrance to the audience room has been
altered this year. The first religious services were held in this house June, 1855, when the
Baptist General Association held its annual meeting in it; Rev. Dr. J. B. Jeter, presiding.
The Baptists here and in the immediate vicinity held services upwards of one hundred
years ago, in the church constituted January 9th, 1773, on the Lewis farm and Fry‘s field,
a short distance northwest of the University of Virginia, and had for ministers Rev.
Andrew Trible, ordained June, 1777, Rev. Micajah Woods, ordained July 1, 1780; Rev
Martin Dawson, Rev. Benjamin Burger and Rev. ------ Watts.

Pine Grove church, situated three miles south of Charlottesville and established in 1802,
was the church to which those living in town usually belong till the building in 1831 of
the Charlottesville Baptist Church; but the Court House was occupied by the ministers of
the Baptist church for service, Rev. John Goss, Rev. Benj Ficklin, James Fife and others
preaching there

Rev. R. L. Coleman (now living), was the first settled pastor, and commenced his
ministerial labors November 29th, 1831, and continued pastor until the 15th January, 1836,
when he and a minority of the church withdrew and formed themselves into the Disciples
Church. During the latter years of the pastorate of Rev. Mr. C., Elder James W. Goss, a
talented and rising young minister, assisted in preaching; he afterwards became pastor of
the new church.

August 18th, 1839, Rev. A. M. Poindexter, (lately deceased,) became pastor and resigned
in December of that year.

Rev. Robert Ryland. D. D., now of Kentucky, was chaplain to the University in 1835-‘36,
and was of great assistance to the Baptist church in town, preaching counseling and
aiding them.

October 2d, 1844, Rev. Daniel H. Gillette, of Cambridge, New York, took charge of the
church as its pastor. He was an eloquent preacher, but his health failed, and he resigned
and took charge of a church in Mobile, Alabama, where, in 1844, he died.

Rev. R. H. Sedgwick, at the recommendation of the late pastor, supplied the pulpit for
two months. Rev. S. H. Mirick, of Salem, Massachusetts, was the supply for six months,
from November, 1844 to May, 1845; he established and kept up in Charlottesville a
flourishing Female Academy for several years, and then went to Washington, where he
now resides.

Rev. Joseph Walker, of Hampton, Virginia, became pastor in September, 1845, and
continued till April, 1847, when he resigned.

Rev. W. H. Roy, of New Jersey, afterwards filled the pastoral office from March, 1848,
till June 1849, and died at the University July 11, 1849, where his body is interred in the
cemetery there.

Rev. Meriwether Winston, of Richmond, became pastor after the death of Rev. Mr. Roy,
and served until September 1st, 1851, and continued till August 25, 1859, when he
resigned to become Professor in the Southern Baptist Theological Seminary at
Greenville, South Carolina. Rev. A. E. Dickinson, editor of the Richmond Religious
Herald, held the office of assistant minister for two years, from October, 1855, to
October, 1857, while Rev. J. A. Broadus was Chaplain to the University.

Rev. A. B. Brown was elected pastor in September 25th, 1859, and entered upon the
discharge of his duties on the first Sunday in November of that year, and continued till
October 6th, 1861 - the first year of the war. The Rev. J. C. Hiden, military chaplain to
the hospitals preached for the church till February, 1863, when Rev. William F. Broadus,
D. D., (elected January 6th, 1863) became pastor and served as such till the 14th June,
1868, when he resigned and returned to Fredericksburg, Virginia.

April 20th, 1863, the colored members of this church, at their own request,
numbering 816, were dismissed to form an independent Baptist church, now known
as the Delevan Baptist church.

August 2d, 1868, Rev. John C. Long, D. D., the present pastor, was elected, and entered
upon his ministerial labors September 27th of the same year.


Jeffersonian Republican
7/16/1873

Colored Baptist Churches. - Soon after the erection of the Baptist church in 1831, in
Charlottesville, measures were adopted to give special religious instruction to the
people of color. One-third part of the house of worship on the lower floor was set
apart for these people, which was generally fully occupied. Afterwards, as the
congregation increased, a gallery was built for the colored people. The lower part of
the building was then fitted up with seats and a special service on Sunday evenings
for the colored people was held. The pastor of the church and a committee
appointed by the church attended to this duty W. P. Farish, Pike Powers, A. P.
Abell, C. L. Thompson, Benj. Mosby, John Hart, and others served on this
committee. The colored persons elected their own deacons, examined candidates for
membership, and transacted other church business, always reporting to the white
church their doings, which, if approved, were confirmed.

Large numbers of colored people attended the meetings, prayers and other religious
services being conducted by the colored members, and preaching and addresses by
some of the whites. In 1863 the colored people, at their own request, numbering
over 800, were set apart as an independent Baptist church, and was admitted into
the Albemarle Baptist Association as the First African Baptist church of
Charlottesville, and this relation continued till 1866. Rev. John T. Randolph was
the first pastor of this church. After the war, Rev. James Fife was elected pastor
and continued to preach to them more than a year. Then Rev. John Walker George
became pastor.
A division took place in 1869, a portion of them taking the name of Delavan Baptist
church from the house purchased for them to hold worship in, and a portion Mount
Zion Baptist church, the latter afterwards building the church near Midway, where
they hold services.
Rev. Nicholas Rickmond preached for a short time for the Delavan church. He was
succeeded by Rev. Wm. Gibbons, and on the 1st day of June Rev. Wm. J. Barnett
became pastor, and continued till the 1st of June, 1873, when he resigned, and the
church is now without a pastor.

The Mount Zion church was constituted with the approbation of the Delavan
church, and a presbytery, consisting of Rev. J. W. George and the deacons of the
Delavan church giving their approbation. The first pastor was Rev. Robert W.
Hughes. The present pastor is Rev. I. W. Smith, and was settled in April, 1871.
This church has a membership of 450, and is an active working body; 103 persons
were baptized and became members during the past year.

Both the colored churches have Sunday schools which hold services Sunday
morning.

The Shiloh Baptist Association, on Wednesday before the 4th Sunday in August next,
will hold its annual services with the Mount Zion church in this place.

Jeffersonian Republican
7/30/1873

Shiloh (colored) Baptist Association is to assemble in the Mount Zion church, in this
town, on Wednesday, August 6th, instead of the 20th, as stated in our paper of the 16th.

Jeffersonian Republican
8/6/1873

Shiloh (Colored) Baptist Association. - This association assembles in this place to-day at
Zion church. On Sunday, the white Baptist church will be used for preaching and
religious services by the members of this Association, and our citizens will have an
opportunity of hearing some their preachers.

Jeffersonian Republican
8/6/1873

New Colored Church. - On Sunday, 27th inst., a new colored Baptist church was
organized near Stony Point, in this county, to be known as Ashlon. Rev. W. L. Smith,
and deacons from Delavan and Zion churches in this town, composed the presbytery Rev.
Mr. Smith preached the dedicatory and installation sermon. Rev. Hastings Coles was
installed as pastor of the new church.
Jeffersonian Republican
10/22/1873

Baptist Church Constituted. - On Sunday last a colored Baptist church, nine miles west of
Charlottesville, was constituted, consisting of fifty members, dismissed from Mount Zion
church in this town and other churches in the neighborhood. Rev. J. W. Smith baptized
25 persons in the river, who united with the new church. It bears the name of Oak Union.

Jeffersonian Republican
10/29/1873

Equality. - R.D Beckley, colored radical, who has figured very prominently in Alexandria
politics, and is a United States official, recently indicated, at a large meeting of the party
in that city, the kind of equality the colored brethren want, and what they expect to secure
in Virginia by the election of ―Col.‖ Hughes. We quote from the Sentinel‘s report as
follows:

―The speaker who preceded him had not defined the real kind of equality that the colored
man wanted. They wanted that equality that when they went to a steamboat clerk and
offered to pay for a state room they could have it. - (Provided they were clean and
behaved themselves as gentlemen.) So in regard to hotels, theatres and railroad cars. He
predicted that Hughes & Co. would be elected, and at this the chairman awoke and
clapped his hands and about a half dozen of the audience did the same, and Beckley, after
saying that there was more chance of Kemper being struck by lightning than being
elected Governor, retired to his corner.‖

Jeffersonian Republican
5/6/1874

Baptising - Rev. Mr. Lewis, pastor of the Delevan Baptist (colored) church, baptized, in
the mill pond of Mr. Hartman twenty candidates, some of the fruits of the recent revival
in that church.

At the Zion (colored) Baptist church, on Sunday last, there were 53 candidates awaiting
baptism; these, and others, it is expected, will be baptized in Cochran‘s Mill Pond on next
Sunday.

Jeffersonian Republican
5/13/1874

Baptising - On Sunday morning last, a vast crowd of persons, white and colored,
assembled at the Mill Pond of Mr. John Cochran to witness the baptism of seventy-three
persons, by the Rev. Jesse Herndon, the pastor of the Zion (colored) Baptist church in this
town. The scene was an impressive one, and the colored people from the country ten
miles or more around Charlottesville, came to witness and participate in this religious
ceremony.
Jeffersonian Republican
6/10/1874

Baptist General Association of Virginia - On Wednesday night of last week this large
body of christians assembled in the Baptist church in Fredericksburg. Rev. J. M. L.
Curry D. D. LLD., the President, called the Association to order at 8 o‘clock. Opening
prayer was offered by Rev. Geo. F. Adam, of Norfolk, after which Dr. Curry addressed
the meeting in his usual happy and felicitous manner. He alluded to the growth in
numbers, (160,000 in the State) intelligence and liberality of the denomination. Of the
colored churches he says:
―Kindlier relations are springing up between colored churches and ministers and ours,
and all practicable assistance should be given in edification of the churches, instruction of
the ministry, preaching the gospel, and in establishing and conducting Sunday schools.‖

The chief topic discussed by the learned speaker related to education. He said:
―Education is the paramount object of a denominational concern, essential as a support to
religious enterprise and to denominational influence and efficiency. Much more than we
have accomplished is to be done to make progress in education keep pace with the
necessities of the times and the extent of our obligations. A denomination with our
history and principles should devise measures broad and far-seeing, intelligent and
organized, not merely for the next fifty years, but for the coming centuries.‖ While
colleges and academies were necessary for the males, he said: ―Something more must be
done-wisely, effectively, grandly - for the education of girls. Justice, patriotism,
christianity, demand it.
The standard of woman‘s education is too low. Messengers were charged to give earnest
and timely heed to this suggestion.‖ ―A denomination,‖ said Dr. C., ―neglects education
at its peril. Baptists must keep pace with the advancing learning of this world, and not be
dwarfed in the distance. Advanced education is necessary to acquire and retain
influences over the minds of cultivated men and women and to secure breadth of thought
and perfect discipline of powers.‖

The following were elected officers of the Association for the ensuing year: President,
Dr. Curry: Vice-Presidents, Dr. J. A. Haynes; Dr. J. Mason Evans, Dr. W. A .
Montgomery, Professor C. H. Winston; Treasurer, Dr. Geo. B. Steel; Secretary, Rev. L. J.
Haley.

Jeffersonian Republican
6/17/1874

Baptizing. - The pastor of Mt. Zion church, Rev. J. Herndon, and Rev. M. T. Lewis,
pastor of the Delevan Baptist church, in this place, will baptize in Cochran‘s pond, on
Sunday next, at 11 o‘clock. A. M., several candidates, recent converts in their churches.

Jeffersonian Republican
8/12/1874
Episcopal Churches in Albemarle County. - We are indebted to Rev. J. S. Hanckel for a
copy of the ―Journal of the Seventy-Ninth Annual Council of the Protestant Episcopal in
Virginia,‖ which met in this place in May last, from which we glean the following
statistics of the Episcopal churches in Albemarle county.

Back Mountain - Rev. D. C. T. Davis, rector; communicants, 9; contributions for objects
in connection with the Protestant Episcopal church, $7.52. P. O., Greenwood.

Emanuel. - Rev. John A. Greaves, rector pro tem; communicants, 23; Sunday school
suspended. P.O. Ivy Depot.

Christ Church, Charlottesville. - Rev. J. S. Hanckel, rector; baptisms, 10; confirmations,
20; communicants, 197; contributions, $3,800.19. No Sunday-school reported, but it has
a very flourishing one, established in 1829.

Grace. - Rev. F. Boyden, rector; baptisms, 1; confirmations, 3; communicants, 39;
contributions, $57.88; Sunday-school, 31 scholars and 6 teachers. P. O. Cobham. This
parish much depressed by the removal of half its families.

Christ Church, St Ann‘s Parish.-Rev. Thomas E. Locke, rector; confirmations, 4
communicants, 49; contributions $271; Sunday-school, 32 scholars, 5 teachers. P. O.
Glendower. The rector reports as follows: ―During the past year I have continued my
missionary work in Howardsville and Scottsville. The church in the latter place is
making some little progress. We have a little Sunday-school in successful operation.
Four persons were confirmed here last Summer, and a new church is about to be erected.
Already the workmen are busily engaged upon it, and we hope to get into it early this
Fall. In order to complete the building and finish it, we shall need some foreign aid. An
additional room to the rectory is near its completion. For this and other improvements
around the rectory, contributing very materially to the comfort of the Rector and his
family, I am indebted to the ladies of my charge.‖

In the Diocese of Virginia there are 175 churches, 2 bishops, 139 clergymen; teachers and
scholars in Sunday-schools, 10,979; communicants, 11,881; contributions fro the
churches, exclusive of current expenses, $105,512.52; confirmations reported by the
bishops, 1,125.

Jeffersonian Republican
9/9/1874

The Shiloh Baptist Association held its annual session at Swift Run church, near,
Standardsville, Greene county last week. Four young men connected with the
Association are preparing for the ministry, one going to Greenville (S.C.) Seminary and
three to Richmond College.

Jeffersonian Republican
9/16/1874

Sunday-School. - The Sunday school Union met in a Union meeting with the Delevan
Sunday-school the first Sunday in September, 1874, at 10:30 o‘clock. The president, P.
A. Cross, took the chair and called the meeting to order. The school then sang the 93rd
hymn from Fresh Laurels - ―Jesus, lover of my soul.‖ Rev. J. W. Barnett read the 22nd
chapter of Proverbs, followed by prayer and Rev. F. L. Gibson after which the children of
several schools repeated portions of Scripture which was listened to with interest by a
large number of visitors from Orange, Greene, &c. The Union was then closed by
address from Rev. J. Herndon, of Mount Zion church, who stated that the anniversary of
the school would be preached in the evening at 8 o‘clock, by Rev. M. T. Lewis, of
Delevan church.

On Monday the children of the Union gave a picnic at Mr. John Cochran‘s beautiful
grove, where they enjoyed themselves in amusements, singing and conversation, as well
as partaking of beautiful refreshments. It was a delightful day and well spent.

Jeffersonian Republican
11/25/1874

Delevan Church Sunday School - Last Sunday we paid a visit to the Delevan Baptist
Church Sunday-school, and was very highly gratified at the good order and success that
attend it. The number of scholars present was 115, twelve of them had entered for the
first time on that day. C. A. Cross is superintendent, and there are nine teachers; the
pastor, Rev. M. J. Lewis, gives earnest attention to the advancement and progress of the
school. Besides the teachings of Scripture, truths from the Bible, and catechism, the
school is instructed in singing, and it is a pleasure to hear how well and correctly the
singing is taught and performed, making sweet melody in their hearts as well as with their
voices.

This school has determined to bring in all the boys, girls and youths who can be induced
to attend Sunday-school. A sewing-circle has been formed to make up clothing to give to
those who are prevented from attending on account of not having winter clothing.
Donations of cast-off clothing are solicited from those who have it, and the members of
the sewing-circle cut it up and fit it up for the little ones. We are sure there is not one in
our community who does not wish success to the efforts the Delavan colored Sunday-
school is making for the good of the rising generation.

Jeffersonian Republican
11/21/1877

Laying the Corner Stone of the Delevan Baptist Church. - On Monday at 2 ½ o‘clock the
following orders formed on Water street, in this place:

The Jefferson Lodge, No. 20; Mount Zion Lodge, No. 18, of Staunton; Fairfax Taylor
Lodge, No. 1455, Charlottesville; King Hiram Lodge, No 1463, Staunton; South River
Lodge, No. 1801, Waynesboro; Piedmont Lodge, of Gordonsville, headed by Johnson‘s
Band of this place, who rendered most excellent music. The procession proceeded to the
site of the colored Delevan Baptist church for the purpose of laying the corner stone. On
their arrival at the site of the church they delayed the ceremony until the pastor of the
church Rev. M. T. Lewis, could take up a collection for building the said church, we
could not learn what amount was collected but judge it was quite large, after the
collection the ceremony of laying the corner stone was performed by James H. Jones of
Petersburg, Virginia. An oration was delivered by Rev. J. Herndon, also excellent
remarks were made by James II. Jones, and Thomas Cayton.

Jeffersonian Republican
4/10/1878

-We learn from the Rev. M. T. Lewis, the corresponding secretary, that the Piedmont
Ministerial Union (colored) will meet on Friday before the fourth Sunday in this month,
at Mt. Calvary Baptist church, Orange county.

Jeffersonian Republican
4/17/1878

Jubilee Singers. - We were greatly entertained Monday evening by the ―Charlottesville
Jubilee Singers.‖ The performance was conducted with remarkable good taste, and we
most cheerfully commend them to our citizens. They give another concert this evening.
Don‘t fail to hear them, you will be fully repaid and will aid them in their effort to pay for
their church.

Below we give a list of the managers which will ensure good order: Rev. M. T. Lewis,
Jas. H. Ferguson, Fairfax Taylor and Wm. Brown, with Thos. Cayton as stage manager.

Jeffersonian Republican
4/17/1878

-The revival which has been in progress at Mt. Zion (col‘d) Baptist church for the past
ten days is still going on. Up to last Sunday night 125 persons had made profession of
religion under the earnest preaching of the pastor, the Rev. J. Herndon.

Jeffersonian Republican
5/29/1878

The Corner Stone of the new (Shiloh) colored Baptist church, to be erected in
Harrisonburg, will be laid with appropriate ceremonies on Monday, June 3d, 1878. King
Hiram Lodge of Odd Fellows of Staunton will have charge of the ceremonies of laying
the corner stone. Elder Josse Herndon, of Charlottesville, will deliver an oration on the
occasion. Arrangements have been made for running an excursion train from
Charlottesville to Harrisonburg and return the same day, at the following reduced rates of
fare:
Charlottesville to Harrisonburg, $2.00
Ivy, Meechum‘s River, Greenwood, $2.00.

Jeffersonian Republican
6/6/1878

Interesting and Instructive Exercises of Mt. Zion and Delevan Sunday School Union -
Our pastor being absent, on Sunday 2d June, in company with a good brother, I attended
the Delevan Church, expecting to hear a sermon from Rev. M. T. Lewis, their pastor, but
found in session the monthly meeting of the S. S. Union, named above. The order of
exercises were:

1st. Recitation of passages of Scripture, Hymns and other Religious and moral literature,
by the pupils from each school, interspersed with beautiful Sunday School songs,
rendered in good style.

2d. The reading of essays by a young lady from each school, both of which were well
prepared and instructive, followed by singing.

3d. Addresses by speakers from each school.

The Delevan Sunday school was represented by Mr. Alexander, and the Mt. Zion Sunday
School was represented by Mr. Watson. The subject of each speaker was appropriate and
treated in a plain, but instructive style, which was creditable and pleasing, indeed. After
singing, Rev. George Howard, pastor of Colored Baptist Church, of Harrisonburg, Va.,
but a native of this county, gave an interesting account of the work being done by him,
and the prospects of his church in Harrisonburg. Concluding by stating that the corner
stone of their new church edifice would be laid there on Monday, 3d June, and
encouraging the schools of this S. S. Union to press on in this great work.

The closing piece, ―Sowing the Seed, &c.,‖ from sacred songs, rendered by Misses
Dickerson, Scott, Whiting and Taylor, with full chorus, was in fine style, very impressive
and a fit closing to such instructive and encouraging exercises.

This meeting of the Union, was presided over by Mr. Wm. Brown, President, assisted by
Rev. Mr. Herndon. The audience room of the building, recently erected by the Daughters
of Zion, for the uses of their Society, at corner of Gas and Little Common streets, was
well filled with a respectful and attentive congregation, who seemed highly entertained
and instructed. The pastors of these churches (Delevan and Mt. Zion), and the officers
and teachers of the Sunday Schools, forming this Union, deserve the best wishes and
encouragement of our entire community, in the good work they are doing.
F. M. W.


Jeffersonian Republican
7/17/1878
The colored Methodist church of this place will give a lawn party in Charlottesville on
July 26th, and 27th. They expect a crowd from Staunton and Lynchburg.

Jeffersonian Republican
12/11/1878

Jubilee Singers. - We take pleasure in noticing the fact that the Jubilee Singers, under the
auspices of the Delevan Baptist church, (col.) will give an entertainment at the Town Hall
on the 16th and 17th of this month. The lower part of the Hall will be reserved for their
white friends.

Jeffersonian Republican
6/4/1879

The Baptist General Association of Virginia – Most of the delegates to the Baptist
Association arrived on the several trains reaching Charlottesville during the day on
Wednesday. The committee (of which Captain C. C. Wertenbaker was chairman) had
sent cards of assignment to the delegates. They were met at the depot by the Hospitality
Committee and assigned to their homes promptly and without confusion. At the arrival
of each train during the meeting the committee were at their posts awaiting the arrival of
delegates and ready to assign them to their homes.

The last association that met here was in 1855, just after the present house of worship had
been completed under the pastorate of Rev. J. A. Broadus. The last statistics reported the
Baptist strength in Virginia (both white and colored) as follows: 27 District Associations,
1,226 churches, 640 minister 14,411 baptisms during the year, and 184,026 members.
But the roll-strength of the Baptists in organic co-operation with this General Association
is only as follows: District Associations, 22; churches, 650; ministers, 369; baptisms
during the year, 4,235; members, 66,329.

Organization.
The Association was called to order at 8 o‘clock Thursday night by Dr. J. L. M. Curry,
the President of the last session. He proceeded to read the 105th Psalm, after which the
congregation joined in singing ―Am I a Soldier of the Cross?‖ Rev. Dr. Cornelius Tyree
led the Association in an appropriate prayer, after which the secretary (L. J. Haley) read
the constitution, by-laws, and rules of order.
The Association then proceeded to the election of officers, and the following were
unanimously elected by acclamation:
President - Rev. J.L.M. Curry.
Vice Presidents - Rev. Dr. W. J. Kirk, of Northumberland; Attorney General J. G. Field;
Hon. F. V. Winston, of Louisa; and Professor N. K. Davis, of the University of Virginia.
Secretary - Rev. J. L. Haley, of Louisa.
Assistant Secretary - H. Theo. Ellyson, of Richmond.
Statistical Secretary - Rev. Geo. J. Hobson, of Southhampton.
Treasurer - Dr. Geo. B. Steel, of Richmond.
Auditor - J.B. Winston, Esq., of Richmond.

In resuming the chair (Col. T. J. Evans had occupied it during the election) Dr. Curry, in
an appropriate address expressed his high appreciation of this renewal of the confidence
of his brethren.

Rev. W. H. Williams, pastor of the church, made a very appropriate address of welcome.

The President introduced to the Association Rev. George L. Petrie and Rev. Dr. Ewing,
of the Presbyterian Church, and Rev. T. A. Ware of the Methodist Church, who were
cordially welcomed to seats in the Association.

A letter was read from Dr. James F. Harrison, chairman of the Faculty of the University
of Virginia, cordially inviting the Association to visit the University. The invitation was
accepted with thanks.

The President called on Dr. Hatcher, who led the Convention in an appropriate prayer.
Dr. Geo. B. Steele, treasurer of the Association, then read his annual report. The report
shows that he had received and disbursed during the year for the objects of the
Association $23,104.52. These contributions were for State missions, Education Board,
Foreign Mission Board Home Mission Board, Sunday School Board, and ministers‘ relief
fund. They do not include contributions sent direct to the Boards, contributions to
Richmond College, to the Southern Baptist Theological Seminary, or to local church or
district association objects.

The report of the treasurer was adopted and his expenditures approved.

The Chair announced the usual committees, and a number of matters of routine were
disposed of.

At the suggestion of Dr. Cornelius Tyree, a collection was taken for the benefit of Rev. J.
A. Davis, of Liberty, Bedford county, who has recently lost his house by fire.

The Association adjourned with prayer by Rev. F. J. James, of Powhatan county.

Second Day - Morning Session.
The session was opened at 9 o‘clock with some matters of routine, and devotional
exercises.

Sunday School and Bible Board.
Rev. Dr. C. Manley, president of the Board, read the annual report of Board.

The Board has sustained during the year eight colporters, who had labored in the
Augusta, Albemarle, Goshen, James River, Potomac, Roanoke, and Shiloh Associations.
The whole time of the services of these colporters aggregated fifty-two and a half
months, during which they made 3,778 visits, held 308 public services, organized 18 new
Sunday schools, made donations amounting to $74.35, and sold 64 family Bibles, 912
small Bibles, 154 Testaments and Psalms, and 900 Testaments and 261 other books. The
Board had paid $1,042.22 for salaries of colporters, and had nearly met all the expenses
of the purchase of books, &c. The report gives interesting details of the efforts of the
Board, the obstacles in the way, and the work accomplished. It warmly commends the
self-denying laborers of the colporters. The report stated that under instruction from the
General Association the Board had corresponded with the American Baptist Publication
Society in reference to the ―arrangements to secure a wider circulation of the
denominational literature published by that Society,‖ but that they had been constrained
―to report that no arrangements beyond those already existing seem to us to be practicable
at present.‖

The report earnestly recommends that a superintendent, who shall give his whole time to
pushing the work of the Board, be appointed, or that the Board be removed to some other
location where it can have more voluntary service.

Rev. Dr. T. S. Dunaway, Dr. E. W. Warren and Dr. Tyree made appropriate addresses on
the subject.

Dr. Cornelius Tyree offered the following resolutions:
Whereas there is among our people A GREAT NEED OF RELIGIOUS BOOKS, and
whereas there is no publication society South from which the needed supply of religious
literature can be procured, and whereas the American Baptist Publication Society
publishes and is willing to furnish our people the books we need on liberal terms, and
whereas this Society has amid our national trouble been conservative and kind to our
southern people; therefore

Resolved, That the Sunday school and Bible Board of this body be advised to co-operate
with the American Publication society in the employment and support of colporters
within the bounds of our State.

Resolved, That our Sunday-School Board be advised to co-operate with the Society in
Philadelphia, and, so far as they can, to contribute to the national society.

Dr. Tyree presented the following points in support of his motion; He would co-operate
with the American Baptist Publication Society:
1.Because they have always been kind to the South, and have never published anything to
which the people of our section could object. 2. They publish most excellent
denominational literature. 3. They have been exceedingly liberal in their donations to
the South. 4. He wanted the great Baptist brotherhood of America united in this one
work.

Rev. J. William Jones regretted that the resolutions and statements of Dr. Tyree forced
him to say what he was willing to be buried - viz., that the American Baptist Publication
Society has in other days published books very offensive to our section, and that while
the books now circulated in the South are (so far as he knows) unobjectionable, the organ
of the Society (the National Baptist) is still publishing very offensive objectionable
matter to the people of this section. But he did not want to discuss the question now, and
moved to refer the resolutions to a committee of one from each association.

After some discussion the motion was adopted, and the Chairs afterwards appointed a
committee.

The discussion of the report of the Sunday School Board was then resumed. Revs. C. H.
Ryland, Dr. Manley, Dr. Hiden and Dr. Eaton delivered earnest addresses on the subject.
The report was then referred to a committee of five, with special reference to the
appointment of a general superintendent.

Home Mission Board.
Rev. W. R. L. Smith, of Lynchburg, presented the report of the Home Mission Board.
This Board is located at Lynchburg, and co-operates with the Board of the Southern
Baptist Convention, located at Marion, Ala. The report gives a detailed account of the
Convention Board among the Indians, the Chinese, the colored people, and the destitute
of the South generally. The report recommends the Sunday-school paper of the Board--
Kind Words -- and urges more liberality to the work.

This report elicited remarks from Revs. Dr. W. H. McIntosh, Dr. H. M. Wharton, Dr. E.
W. Warren, Dr. W. E. Hatcher, R. Jones, and A. E. Owen, the report of the Board was
adopted.

Relations with Colored Baptists.
General Field made the report of the committee to whom this question was referred.

The committee to whom was referred the resolution in relation ―to the propriety of
cultivating more intimate relations with the colored Baptists of the State beg leave to
report:

Recognizing the great importance of the subject, and remembering the prayer of our
blessed Saviour that His people should be one, and sincerely and truly believing that the
colored Baptist of this State constitute an important part of our Zion and an efficient
element for the spread of the gospel, the evangelization and elevation of the colored race,
your committee earnestly recommend the establishment, cultivation, and perpetuation of
the most fraternal and cordial relations of Christian fellowship and co-operation with our
brethren of colored churches, and that for the securing of this desired object we
recommend the appointment of the part of this Association of corresponding delegates to
the Colored Baptist Convention to send corresponding delegates to it, and that this
Association at all times provide seats in their body to be assigned said delegates and
make or cause to be made suitable provision for the hospitable and appropriate
entertainment of said colored delegates during the session of the Association.

We further recommend and request the District Association of the State to consider the
subject herein mentioned, and adopt such plans as in their opinion will best further the
ends in view, the good of the denomination, and the advancement of the glory of God in
the world.

We further recommend that our ministering and other brethren throughout the State aid
our colored preachers in securing such knowledge as will increase their efficiency by
holding minister‘s institutes or otherwise; and that we will cordially co-operate with any
persons of influence that commend themselves to our judgment as promising the
accomplishment of the desired end.

E. W. Warren, Chairman.

On motion of General Field, the report was passed by for further consideration.

Ministers Relief Fund.
The Board has received during the year $1,970.40, and disbursed $1,728.56. Besides the
$250 balance in the hands of the treasurer, the Board has safely invested in interest-
bearing securities $2,610. The report details the work of the board in supplying the
wants of the needy ministers and their families.

Next Meeting.
Rev. Dr. Hatcher, from the committee on arrangements for next session, reported in favor
of meeting with the First Baptist church in Petersburg; that Rev. Dr. T. S Dunaway
preach the sermon, and Rev. W. H. Williams be the alternate.

The report was unanimously adopted.

Adjourned with prayer by Rev. J. R. Harrison.

Second Day - Night Session.
The church was so much crowded that many had to leave unable to gain access - numbers
were forced to stand.

Rev. T. Hume announced the opening hymn, after a voluntary admirably rendered by the
choir; Rev. Dr. W. D. Thomas of Norfolk, read the scriptures; Rev. Dr. J. A. Broadus, of
Louisville, Ky., led in prayer; and Dr. Thomas announces as his text II. Corinthians, xiii.,
and a clause of the 9th verse: ―This also we wish, even your perfection.‖ Dr. Thomas
was listened to with marked attention throughout his whole discourse. The manner in
which he held the attention of his audience in that hot packed room speaks for itself as to
the ability of his discourse. Rev. Dr. Hiden preached the same evening to a large
congregation at the Methodist church.

Third Day - Morning Session.
After devotional exercises, the Association took from the table the report of the
Committee on Relations to the Colored People.
Rev. J. A. Speigt, of Berkley, Norfolk county, endorsed the report in an earnest speech,
when ―the order of the day‖ arrived, and the Association took up the report of the
Virginia Baptist Education Board.

This Board is engaged in the work of sustaining ministerial students at Richmond
College.

The forty-ninth annual report of the Educational Board was read by Mr. J. T. Ellyson,
corresponding secretary. It referred to the increasing interest in ministerial education
manifested at the last annual meetings of the district associations, and while regretting
that the aggregate contributions have been smaller than for several years, the number of
churches contributing was twenty five per cent. larger than the preceding year. Credit is
given to the voluntary agents of the Board for their efficient service in securing the
offerings of the churches, and the opinion expressed that if a faithful agent could be
secured in every church ample means would be forthcoming to educate all the young men
applying for aid.

During the year the Board had aided twenty students for the ministry, who are
prosecuting their studies at Richmond College. By their piety and devotion to study they
have shown that they were worthy of the confidence of the denomination. Several
applicants were refused because not prepared to enter college, and one in February
because the funds of the Board had been exhausted. The policy of assisting only those
who are ready for college classes will be adhered to. Five hundred dollars are needed to
pay the balance of the year‘s expenses.

In Virginia there are 650 white Baptist churches and only 369 ministers. In the United
States there are 23,908 Baptist churches and 14,596 ministers, or 9,312 more churches
than preachers. In the four largest Protestant denominations of this country the number
of churches in excess of the number of ministers is nearly 15,000. From every home and
foreign mission field there come appeals for more laborers, and yet, in the presence of the
existing scarcity of ministers and the growing demand for them, there is an actual decline
in the number of young men entering the ministry. The number under this Board is
smaller than at any time since 1866. An examination of the catalogues of six of the
leading colleges of the country showed that while fifty years ago forty per cent. of the
graduates entered the ministry, now only seventeen per cent. enter it.

The reason and the remedy for the falling of the number of ministerial students, and the
relations of this Board to the Southern Baptist Theological Seminary, are then discussed
at length in the report. It concludes with a congratulatory reference to the grand work
which has been done for Christ by the 434 young men educated by the Board.

Revs. E. Dodsond, Dr. J. C. Hiden, Dr. J. A. Broadus, E. C. Dargan, H. K. Ellyson, Dr. E.
W. Warren, T. Hume, Dr. T. W. Sydnor, and Dr. W. E. Hatcher, spoke on this subject.
Among the number of addresses were many of ability and incidents and facts related of
great interest.
On his motion, the report was referred to a committee of five.

Report on State Missions.
Mr. H. K. Ellyson, corresponding secretary, read the fifty-sixth annual report of the State
Mission Board, which has charge of the Baptist missionary work in this State.

Thirty-seven missionaries had been employed during the year - ten in the Tidewater
division of the State, twelve in Middle and Piedmont Virginia, and fifteen west of the
Blue Ridge. - This number fell far short of the call for evangelical laborers, and the report
earnestly urges an increase of them, especially in those counties in Middle and Piedmont
Virginia where the anti-mission Baptists mainly reside, and in the Valley and Southwest.
In regard to this latter section it says: ―The relative proportion of additions to our mission
churches is larger of late years in the Valley and Southwest than in any other division of
the State. Of the 17,712 persons won to Jesus by our missionaries in the past eight years,
8,793, or nearly half, resided in this section; and of the 69 churches organized by them
during that time 30 are located here. This has been accomplished with little more than
one third of our missionary force.‖

The continued favor of God upon the work of the missionaries is seen in the conversion
the past year of 1,379 persons under their ministry. These 37 missionaries preached
3,324 sermons, made 5,483 visits to families for religious conversation and prayer,
organized 23 new Sunday schools and 8 new churches, completed 7 houses of worship,
and are engaged in building 13 others. They have 106 Sunday schools in operation.
These labors were performed at 163 stations, in parts of 36 counties and 23 towns and
villages.

Since last year the treasurer has received for this Board $8,058.80, and paid out for it
$7,526.55; leaving a balance to its credit of $532.35. After deducting this balance there
will be due the missionaries on the 1st of June $4,193.54.

The report concludes with an earnest appeal for increased contributions to meet the
growing demands for more missionaries in Virginia.

The speakers on this subject were Rev. A. Eubank, Dr. E. W. Warren, H. M. Wharton,
Timothy Funk, W. D. Penick, W. H. Tyree, Dr. J. C. Hiden, Dr. T. T. Eaton and Attorney
General Field. At the suggestion of Rev. J. R. Harrison, the Association united in special
prayer for State Missions, led by Rev. Dr. Jeter.

Rev. J. M. Luck, of Pulaski county made an interesting statement of the work in his
section.

Dr. A. A. Rice made an earnest talk in reference to the men who constitute the corps of
missionaries.

The report was unanimously adopted.
A touching letter of greeting from A. P. Abell, Esq., formerly a member of this church
and long a clerk of the association, was read by the pastor of the church.

Fourth Day - Morning Session.
A season was spent in devotional exercises, after which the Association proceeded to its
regular business.

Rev. A. C. Barron, from the committee to whom was referred the report of the Sunday
School and Bible Board made a report that the Board be continued; that is warmly
commended for its prudence and fidelity in managing its affairs; that it is inexpedient to
appoint a general superintendent at present; that the Board be empowered to employ such
clerical forces as may be necessary; and that with these recommendations the report be
adopted.

The report of the committee and then that of the Board met with the approval of the
Association.

Relations With Colored Baptists.
Attorney-General Field earnestly expressed the hope that the report might be
unanimously adopted. He related an incident showing that the distinguished Fred.
Douglas had recently stated publicly that the whites of the South are the true friends of
the colored people. He earnestly insisted that the white Baptist of the South should do all
in their power to help their colored brethren.

Rev. F. B. Beale opposed the report on grounds of expediency, while fully concurring in
all that had been said of helping the colored people.

Dr. J. A. Haynes moved to insert ―five‖ as the number of corresponding messengers.
This was adopted with only a few dissenting votes.

Dr. Curry then introduced to the Associating Rev. Dr. Geo. B. Taylor, of Rome, Italy,
who was warmly received by the Association.

New Boards.
Rev. Dr. Tyree then reported on new boards, and his report was adopted.
Jon. F. V. Winston, from the committee on the report of the Education Board, made the
following report:

Resolved, 1, That it is best for all contributions to ministerial education in this State to be
made, through the Education Board, and that the Board be instructed to give some portion
of their receipts in aid of Virginia students at the Seminary who may need such help.

2. That the amount of such aid be left to the discretion of the Board.
3. That view of this additional burden imposed upon the Education Board the pastors be
requested to re-double their efforts to secure contributions to this board, making for that
purpose at least one collection in each church during the year.
Southern Baptist Theological Seminary.
Professor Harris, of Richmond College, offered resolutions cordially commending the
Seminary to prompt liberality of the Baptists of the State, and recommending R. A.
Griffith, the agent of the Seminary, to the confidence of our people.

This drew forth several very interesting speeches among the number were Dr. J. A.
Broadus whose speech was marked with his usual characteristic ability.

The resolution of Professor Harris was then unanimously adopted.

Report of the Foreign Mission Board.
The report was a sketch of the work of the Southern Baptist Convention in China, Italy,
and Africa-giving interesting facts and figures.

As Rev. Dr. George B. Taylor came forward he was warmly greeted by the Association,
who rose to receive him.

He responded in a few very ably spoken words. This speech was very interesting and
appealed strongly to the feelings.

Dr. W. E. Hatcher said that while no collection was intended, he thought it would be a
graceful thing to make for the Italian mission a thankoffering of at least $500.

The donations seemed to be quite liberal.

The Report on Education,
by Rev. J. E. L. Holmes, was, after a brief speech by Rev. J. N. May, unanimously
adopted.

Adjourned with prayer by Rev. A. B. Dunaway.

Virginia Baptist Historical Society.
The following are the newly elected officers:

President: Rev. Dr. J. B. Jeter.
Vice-Presidents: Rev. S. P. Huff, of Albemarle county; Rev. John C. Willis, of
Spotsylvania, and Hon. F. V. Winston, of Louisa county.
Secretary: Professor H. H. Harris of Richmond.

The evening session was consumed by addresses by Dr. Lake and Dr. McDonald who
delivered interesting addresses before the society.

Fourth Day - Night Session.
Opened with prayer by Rev. W. A. Street.
Rev. A. Broadus, Jr., read the report of the Committee on Credentials, which was
adopted.

Aid to Ministerial Students.
The report of the committee on the report of the Education Board was called up.

Rev. J. William Jones, J. T. Ellyson, Hon. T. V. Winston, Rev. L. R. Steel, Rev. G. W.
Beale, Rev. Dr. Andrew Broadus, Gen. J. G. Field, Prof. H. H. Harris, Rev. Dr. Hatcher
and Mr. E. T. Rice spoke upon this subject. In these speeches was to be found much
valuable advice and warm exhortations.

The report was adopted.

The Chair announced that $2,600 had been raised for the Seminary and $732.14 for the
Italian mission.

A vote of thanks to the citizens of Charlottesville and the University for cordial
hospitality; to the railroads for reduced fare; the pages for efficient service; the Press for
full reports; and the Methodist, Presbyterian, and Disciples churches for the tender of
their house of worship, were enthusiastically passed.

Dr. Jeter who had witnessed the origin of the General Association delivered a very
interesting and touching closing address.

The Association then united in singing the parting hymn, during which the parting hand
was taken while the brethren mingled freely together. Dr. T. W. Sydnor led in prayer,
and the President pronounced the Association adjourned to meet in Petersburg the
Wednesday before the first Sunday in June, 1880.

It is a matter of great pleasure to our citizens to know that the members of the
Association seemed to have been so favorably impressed with the hospitality of our
people. The Association has been an occasion of general enjoyment to our citizens and
we would gladly welcome the Association again and hope Charlottesville may be soon
again so favored.

Sunday Services.
Baptist Church. - In the morning Rev. Dr. J. A. Broadus, of the Southern Baptist
Theological Seminary, preached to an overflowing congregation. He selected as the
theme of discourse the Lord‘s Prayer. The sermon was one of great power. The charm
of Dr. B. lies largely in his simplicity and heart felt earnestness.

In the afternoon a Mass meeting was held in the interests of Sunday schools.

Interesting addresses were delivered by Rev. E. C. Darwan, Rev. G. W. Beale, Rev. G. F.
Williams and Rev. Dr. Hatcher.
The house was again crowded at night to hear Rev. Dr. Warren, of Richmond, who
preached and excellent sermon from the text ―Worship God.‖

Presbyterian Church. - In the morning, Rev. J. R. Garlic, D. D. At night, Rev. G. W.
Beale.

Methodist church. - In the morning, Rev. J. L. Carroll. At night, Rev. O. F. Flipp.

Disciples‘ Church - In the morning, Rev. T. W. Sydnor, D. D. At night, Rev. W. F.
Dunaway.

University. - In the morning, Rev. J. McDonald, D. D. At night, Rev. G. B. Taylor.

Delevan Church (col.). - Rev. J. B. Jeter, D. D. Afternoon, Rev. R. H. Griffith. At night,
Rev. J. L. Lawless.

Mount Zion Church (col.). - In the morning, W. R. H. Moncure. Afternoon, Rev. A. E.
Rogers. At night, Rev. A. E. Owen.
80s

Charlottesville Chronicle
1/6/1882

Prosperous Church - The statistics of the Delevan Baptist church (colored) for the past
year are very encouraging. - Forty-seven members were added, making the present
membership 854. The total contribution of the members for church purposes amount to
$1,084.25. Of this sum $450.81 was for the completion of the church building, $470 for
pastor‘s salary, and $19.64 for the poor of the church. - The Rev. M. T. Lewis is pastor,
and D. D. Alexander, Superintendent of the Sabbath School, which numbers two
hundred. Miss Maria Buckner is chorister of the school. The officials of the church are
Deacons H. Gordon, R. Goins, Sen. John Coles, D. D. Alexander, H. Kenny, J. Brookins,
E. Bolds, W. L. Brown, George Brown. James Ferguson is the Treasurer of the church
and Jno. A. Brown, Secretary.


Charlottesville Chronicle
2/12/1882

Rev. J. Francis Robinson, colored, who became involved last week in a riot at his church
in Charlottesville, left the city the next day and has not put in an appearance since. For
the second time Robinson flees from the city to escape the wrath of its citizens, this time
his own congregation. It is to be hoped he will never deem it safe to return.

Charlottesville Chronicle
2/19/1882

Never to Return - We have received a circular letter from Rev. J. Francis Robinson
explanatory of his conduct in regard to the Mt. Zion Baptist Church (colored) of
Charlottesville.

He first treats of the financial difficulties, telling how the church had been ordered to be
sold by the decree of the court, and that the sale had not taken place solely on account of
the leniency of the white creditors.

―Why these men,‖ he goes on to say, ―(meaning the deacons) obstructed their own way,
and vociferously attempted to bite off the hand that was helping them along, God alone
can judge. After the very disgraceful proceedings Monday night, January 8th, I
determined (as any good Christian would have done), to immediately disconnect myself
from such wicked people, whose only compensation for honest, successful, inspiring and
energetic work for the maws that which Christ‘s enemies presented him on the cross,
‗Vinegar and gall‘.‖

He appends a tabular statement of the church finances. He claims that Deacon John
Dickerson and other church officers pocketed large sums belonging to the church.
He closes thus: ―I rejoice in the thought that during the two years stay in Charlottesville
by the grace of God, I was a success in every respect and succeeded in keeping myself
unspotted from the world.‖

Charlottesville Chronicle
3/4/1882

The Women and the Deacons - A meeting of a large portion of the congregation of the
Mt. Zion Colored Baptist church was held last Friday night, to discuss the affairs of the
church.

Almost all present were adherent to Robinson‘s cause and opposed to the board . . . After
some discussion . . . during which a vote of ―double thanks‖ was tendered Mr. Robertson
for the great good he had accomplished, the deacons, none of whom were present, were
all deposed and a committee of five appointed to select and nominate at the next meeting
a new board of deacons.

This meeting was composed chiefly of women, nearly all of whom are warm defenders of
Robinson. The deacons claim that they received no notice of the meeting or that charges
would be preferred against them and declare they will maintain their positions as
deacons. The services on Sunday were conducted as usual and the collection passed into
the hands of the old board. A meeting will be held tonight, at which the committee is
expected to report and new deacons will be elected.


Charlottesville Chronicle
4/8/1882

Rev. R. B. Hardy, B.D., the newly elected pastor of the Mt. Zion Baptist church (colored)
will be installed next Sunday. The new pastor is a Virginian and a graduate of the
Richmond Theological Seminary. Dr. D. N. Vassor will preach in the morning and night,
and Rev. John B. Turpin at 3:30 that afternoon.


Charlottesville Chronicle
4/22/1882

City Court - Liquor licenses were granted to the following parties: M. S. Gleason, J.M.
Lawhorn, M.F. Edins, L.W. Bunch, Durrett & Co., M. M. Eisenman, S. Aronhime, F. L.
Lilienfield, O. W. Sherpherd, Mrs. C. Hase, Martin Tracey, Smith & Beazly, retail and
bar-room; J. D. Watson, W. J. Tyson, and J. B. Andrews, retailed.

John Dickinson, Wm. H. Brown, Jesse Carey, Starner Howard, and William Winn, were
appointed trustees for Ebenezer, the colored Baptist members of the Mt. Zion Baptist
church, who left that church on account of the late disturbances.
John L. Sellers, Robert Scott, Burrell Scott, and William Chatman, were appointed
trustees of Mt. Zion church, in place of the members who had withdrawn.

Jefferson Burton, colored, was tried on Tuesday for perjury and acquitted.

Charlottesville Chronicle
4/29/1882

On Monday night the Ebenezer Baptist church unanimously extended a call to Rev.
Alexander Truatt to the pastorate of that congregation.

Charlottesville Chronicle
7/12/1882

A New Church Building Contemplated - We understand that the congregation of Mt.
Zion church (colored), contemplate the erection of a new house of worship at a cost of
$12,000. The designs have been prepared by Mr. Spooner and the contract awarded to
Vandegrift & Walters. It is said that when completed it will be the handsomest church
edifice in Charlottesville - Mt. Zion has a membership of 1200.

Charlottesville Chronicle
7/28/1882

The Mount Zion Baptist Church – The congregation of this church has determined
to erect a new building for worship, the present building having become entirely too
small for the use of the church, besides being unsafe. The contract for the work has
been awarded to Messrs. Vandegrift & Walters, for the sum of $10,200. These
gentlemen propose to go to work at once upon the new edifice, which is to be placed
upon the site of the old one. The officers of the church, while conceding that a
cheaper structure would answer, with very commendable public spirit design the
present structure to be an ornament to the town, and in keeping with the spirit of
the age. They very properly argue that the church can be readily built upon the
money which the young men of their race would otherwise fritter away, and they
propose to try to direct this surplus into a channel to benefit the church and the
community. This church was originally an offshoot of the Delevan - a division
having taken place about nine years ago - the congregation having become divided
in feeling and community interest, and from this small beginning it has grown to the
number of 1,200 communicants. As the present building will not seat more than
half that number, the necessity for a new one is obvious. The church is under the
pastorate of Rev. Jesse Herndon, to whose influence, perhaps, is due its present
flourishing condition, and whose exemplary conduct, during his nine years labor
here, has won for him the respect of all classes of citizens. Persons who desire to
assist in this work will find it a worthy object, and contributions will be thankfully
received.
Charlottesville Chronicle
10/20/1882

A little negro boy, living in the county, sent ten cents by his employer last Sunday, to be
deposited in the contribution-box at the Presbyterian church, assigning as the reason that
his mother, who lives in an adjoining county, is a member of that church, and he wanted
to help it along.

Charlottesville Chronicle
11/10/1882

The Rev. Dr. Hanckel, Rector of Christ‘s church, preached in the Delavan (colored
Baptist) church last Sunday.

Charlottesville Chronicle
11/25/1882

The following statistics were reported at the Methodist Conference in Norfolk this week:
Local preachers, 142; white members, 79,422; colored members, 56 - an increase of
4,307 members during the year; Infants baptized, 1,658; adults baptized, 4,200; Sunday
schools 808; officers and teachers, 8,325; scholars 57,437; church edifices, 744; value,
$1,713,195; parsonages, 121; value, $234,486.

Charlottesville Chronicle
11/25/1882

A Thanksgiving supper was held last night at the First Colored Baptist church, in
celebration of the payment of the debt on the church. Capt. Mioajah Woods delivered a
congratulatory address.

Charlottesville Chronicle
3/11/1887

Our last report necessarily closed on Wednesday night. Mr. Brown was here only two
nights thereafter. On Thursday night the weather being fine, the crowd was immense-the
aisles being packed and every inch of space around the stand occupied.

Miss Lula Snead sang ―Flee as a bird to the Mountain.‖ The subject of the discourse was
the destruction of Sodom. In most beautiful terms he described Sodom lying in the plains
in most unconscious security. He sowed that Lot, who had himself been raised in the
company of godly men, had given himself up to the allurements of society of his time,
and forgotten God and neglected his duty. His family, also, were doubtless, in the whirl
of giddy, fashionable society of that day, and Lot himself was doubtless a speculator in
town lots, and a member of the city-council. They had forgotten God and had become
attached to their earthly possessions. Was it a wonder that they did not want to go and
leave them at the bidding of these men? But God forced them to go. The angels took
them by the hand and led them out. Mrs. Lot, whose heart still lingered in the city,
looked around and was turned to a pillar of salt. He told a story of one who resisted the
will of God. He was preaching in a town in the West, which was full of infidels. Of
course he offended them at once. The deacons of the church came and besought him
with tears to leave the town saying that he would tar-and-feather him and ride him on a
rail. He replied that he would just as soon go to heaven by rail as any other way. The
wife of the pastor of the church came down and told him she would ride the rail with him.
He determined to preach. When the time for preaching came the infidels who had
threatened him fled in and took positions in the rear of the church, and the leader came
and took a seat higher up. Mr. Brown said ―God had told me to preach, and I expected
him to protect me.‖ Before he had proceeded far, God came along, ―gave him a clip and
knocked him senseless on the floor.‖ When he recovered he cried for mercy. The others
fled, and this one became a strong and influential servant of Christ, and accompanied Mr.
B. for several months in his work. At another time in that section a man bet fifty dollars
that he would thrash Mr. Brown immediately after he got through his sermon. He was a
big man, strong and muscular, and perfectly able physically to carry out his threat.
Besides, the money had been put up on the event. Mr. Brown felt that only the
interposition of Providence would save him. But he had trusted hitherto, why not now?
He said, ―Lord, you have commanded me to preach, and if you let this man thrash me,
that‘s your lookout.‖ He proceded with his sermon, and it was not long before he
commenced trembling, and at the end of the meeting Mr. Brown spoke to him and found
him convicted. He confessed his wicked purpose, and said the ―Lord had thrashed him
instead.‖ Men cannot resist the will of God. Another story was his experience of
Canton, Ill. There a body of young men, four hundred in number, combined to break up
the meeting. They were cigar-makers. When he got to the after-meeting he tried to
induce the Christians in the audience to go down amongst those young men and warn
them of their danger. They would not go. Then he took a number of Sunday-school
children and went among them and the Lord blessed the effort and a great number of
them were converted. He satirized in a most humerous way the methods Christians
sometimes adopt to warn sinners. The one would be like the man who, seeing his
neighbor‘s house on fire, and his family asleep, would burst open the door and force or
drag them out; the other, who did not wish to alarm the man and his family, would drive
at the same result probably in a rotund manner, while the fire was making headway and
the time for escape narrowing.

The angel laid hold of lot and his family crying ―Flee for your life!‖ They had waited
until the last moment and the danger was imminent. So he would call upon all sinners
out of Christ to flee while the wrath of God was yet suspended.

He then related some wonderful instances of conversion in this meeting. One was the
case of a young man who missed a train by which he expected to leave the town. He
returned to town, came to the meeting, was convicted and converted. A man from a
different part of the State looked in on the meeting and was converted. Another man who
was invited by a friend to come to the meeting was saved on the first attendance.
Mr. Brown made a personal statement. He said that he had come South against his will.
He had calls from other points in the West, but God seemed to direct him here, and he
thanked God that he came to Charlottesville. He had fallen in love with the people of
Virginia, of whom he had not before formed a good opinion. He then referred to the fact
that he had unintentionally offended them, because of his ignorance of the people. He had
spoken plain words because of his love for them, and said that he had been accustomed to
speaking to Western and Northern audiences in such terms without giving offence. He
was naturally rough—he was born in the woods, in a Canadian Scotch settlement, where
the wolves howled around the cabin at night and deer was shot from the door-sill in the
day-time, and where the people had been accustomed to calling things by the names by
which they were known. He had spoken, however, in the fear of God, and with love
towards his congregation. He had ascertained that the people of Virginia were cast in a
finer mould, and he proposed to stay here until he got himself down fine enough to visit
South Carolina, where he learned they were exceedingly fine. He paid the Virginians
high compliments, and won the audience by his speech.

Immediately thereafter there was a praise-meeting which was heartily enjoyed, and on a
call being made upon the unconverted, forty-three persons accepted Christ, and numbers
evinced an interest.

Friday
Friday brought with it one universal regret - it was Mr. Brown‘s last day in
Charlottesville. Mr. Brown preached at the Delavan at 10 A.M. and at the University
chapel at 6 P.M.

At the Baptist church at Mr. Petrie led in prayer at 7:30 P.M. Mr. Hope read the 51st
Psalm. Mr. Brown made a talk for the Y.M.C.A., endorsing it most heartily. Miss.
Mattie Terrell sang very prettily ―Come over the Line.‖

There was hardly an available inch of standing or sitting space in the church at half-past
seven P.M.

Mr. Brown took as his text Matt. xxii-part of 12th verse-―Friend, how earnest thou in
hither not having a wedding garment.‖ He described in a very interesting manner the
customs of the East with reference to wedding occasions. Usually it required about two
years to prepare for a wedding. Each guest was expected to provide himself with a
garment recognized as appropriate to such events. The absence of the garment was an
indication of an unbidden guest. Christ had taken this custom as a simile to show that
God prepares a feast and invites all men to it. This, however, does not prevent men from
excusing themselves from attending. Most of their excuses are as frivolous as those
recorded in Matthew as having been made. They treat the invitations lightly, and go their
way one to his farm, another to his merchandise, and another to something else. Then he
sends his servants into the highways and hedges saying, ―Come, for all things are now
ready.‖ One man says that God being all-powerful he could have prevented sin from
entering the world God could not have prevented sin from coming into the world. He
made the devil a free agent, and his power extended over the world. Man was also a free
agent and could take God or the devil, as he wills. God does not punish man - sin
punishes itself. Men have been driving nails into the hands that were stretched forth to
save them, and this is their only salvation. Pride and self-conceit tell him he can‘t hold
out, and this causes you to be lost; you are not expected to hold out. Let Christ put his
mighty arms under you and you are safe. Another set of men are those who are naturally
(?) good - not much of a sinner. Take a young rattlesnake as it comes from the egg, and it
is perhaps harmless - keep it until it develops fangs, at the root of which is a drop of
deadly poison, and gets a button on its tail, and its bite is fatal. The snake is radically
poisonous. So man is radically evil, - harmless in infancy - but dead in sins when arrived
at a state of accountability. Another prevailing excuse is the inconsistency of church
members. ―I saw a bird flying overhead a day or two ago, - one of those birds well-
known in Virginia, but not seen out West - its first name is turkey – turkey-b – (not
Brown). Pretty soon it disappeared and I asked my friend where it had gone. He said he
supposed it had found what it had been looking for. So it is with those who see the
inconsistencies of church members - they have found what they are looking for. The
church has many faults, but the grandest men and women in the world are members of
the church. The church-member makes mistakes, commits errors, and sins, but God will
judge him or his motives. The man without the wedding garment may have been a good
man, but he had not on the garment and his goodness did not save him. This garment is
Christ‘s righteousness. Who will accept it?‖

At the close he desired to know who had on the wedding-garment, and they testified by
dozens at a time. Dr. Thornly arose to testify and Mr. Brown asked him to give his
experience. As it was quite remarkable, we give it in substance without apology: He was
on shipboard in the Mediterranean Sea. He stood alone upon the deck, and the thought
swept across his mind that he was just arrived at the age when Christ had finished his
labors on earth. This led to deep reflection, and by some singular coincidence a little
tract fell into his hands which showed him his lost and ruined condition. He soon
realized his condition and fled for safety to Christ. Now comes the remarkable part of the
story. He had a brother and sister in Caroline county, Va., and was naturally anxious that
they should become Christians. He wrote them a letter urging upon them the importance
of taking the step. Before the letter could possibly have been answered he received one
from them urging him to the same step. His letter and theirs passed each other on the
ocean, and it was discovered that at a meeting held in Caroline county his relatives had
come to Christ on the same day that he had realized conversion!

The result of the after-meeting was sixty-five professions. Among these, we will not
apologize for stating, were two of our prominent citizens, both having occupied for some
years important positions of public trust. There were great and manifest rejoicings and as
each announced his noble position, the congregation arose and sang ―Praise God from
whom all blessings flow.‖ The ministers present expressed their profound sorrow in
parting with Mr. Brown, and the benefits they had personally received from his
ministrations. The scene was touching. Mr. Brown thanked the ministers, the Christian
people and the choir for their assistance and expressed his heartfelt sorrow at the
necessity of parting.
Saturday
There were no meetings held today. At 10:30 A.M., however, an impromptu meeting of
several hundred ladies and gentlemen gathered at the Junction, notwithstanding the snow
was falling rapidly, to see the Evangelists off. They carried with them their books, and
made the reception-rooms resound with singing. A prayer was offered by Rev. W. W.
Wood, and another by Mr. Brown. Then the people all shook him by the hand and gave
him God-speed in his work at Richmond. The train was five hours late but still a large
number stayed until it came, and sent him away with a hearty blessing.

HOW IT CAME ABOUT.
Unquestionably the work has been the most remarkable that has ever occurred in this
section of the country. Never before in the remembrance of the oldest inhabitant has the
spirit of God so manifested itself among our people, affecting not one class or two
classes, but every class of humanity within its influence. Never has an influence been felt
in the community that would draw people, regardless of weather, within a radius at
twelve miles, night after night, for weeks at a time. Men hardened by years of sin, and
some burdened by crimes against the moral and civil law, have succumbed to its power -
and perhaps the most remarkable feature of the occasion is the preponderance of men
who have been converted. Men stand abashed in the presence of this awful power until
they can no longer stand, when they fall to their faces and cry for pardon. Men say, it is
the power of the evangelist - the evangelist says it is the power of God. And he is right.

About this time last year the Needhams came here and held a union-meeting, sowing the
seed and converting about 120 people. They were followed by Moody and Sankey
shortly, who converted some more, and sowed more seed. During the winter special
efforts were put forth by the pastors of the town, and a revival of considerable interest
was had in the Methodist church under conduct Mr. Hope, and also at the Woolen Mills,
in which all the pastors participated. While there was no very perceptible manifestations
of interest, it was clear to observers that there was a sub-current of religious feeling
smouldering, and only required that the flame should be applied to produce a
conflagration. About this time Rev. J. B. Turpin received the following letter:

Bristol, Tenn.,
January 28th, 1887

My Dear Bro. Turpin: - Rev. H. W. Brown and myself are holding a series of meetings at
this place for about ten days, and I thought as we expected to go to Pennsylvania after
leaving the South, I would write you and say that if you could arrange for a union-
meeting, say for ten days, I believe I can persuade Mr. Brown to labor with you that long.
I got him to come here, and the work so far is unusually encouraging. My opinion is that
Mr. Brown is one of the strongest men as an evangelist that you have in your church
today, and you know that I have had experience with several evangelists, and I have been
with Mr. Brown, nearly a year. He would remind you of Moody more than any one else.
God has greatly blessed our work together. We expect to go to Scotland together in June
or July. We shall go West as there are several calls, after we leave Pennsylvania. Now
as to finances he makes no demands, but depends entirely upon the free-will offerings of
the people. If you can arrange for a meeting within two weeks, I can assure you of his
coming, but could not promise later, as there are many calls ahead. He is one of the
oldest evangelists in the field. Pray for us and our work here. Trusting to hear from you,
I am yours fraternally.

E.C. Avis.

We publish the above letter to show that there is no ground for the assumption that Mr.
Brown has a mercenary motive in his work. Indeed, those who labored with him here
and were most closely associated with him, require no proof that he is an earnest,
conscientious laborer for Christ. When this letter was received Mr. Turpin put the matter
before members of his church, and it was decided to at once accept his services. The
other pastors, Mr. Hope and Mr. Petrie, subsequently were advised with, and the union-
meeting arranged.

In accordance with the arrangement Mr. Brown and Mr. Avis came. They arrived here
on the morning of the 12th February. For the first week his discourses were very pointed
and telling, directed principally to church members. His object was to get the Christians
in a condition to do the work. Like an Elijah or a John the Baptist he saw nothing in the
favor or affections of men to allure him from his purpose, but with an iron-finger pointed
out to them their sins and their duties, whereat great numbers were offended. He saw that
his work was useless unless supported by Christians. To the credit of the churches,
though his words carried with them the sting of a scorpion, their super-apathetic
consciences were aroused, and they nobly went to work for Christ and for humanity.
Men who had been church members for years and had never taken any interest in the
salvation of men became the most earnest and energetic men. Weak, trembling, modest
Christian women were emboldened to arise with thousands of eyes upon them and
proclaim their love for Him who was their best friend. The careless and indifferent
became active and useful and the Spirit of God was made manifest from the beginning.
The first week there were nearly two hundred conversions. The second week the number
ran up to over four hundred and the third week more than seven hundred white people,
and more than two hundred colored people professed faith in Christ.

―The fields were white unto the harvest,‖ the sickles of the reapers were put in and
though the seed may have been sown in tears, they came rejoicing bringing their sheaves
with them. The Evangelist said he had never before experienced such a work. He had
probably been the instrument in the hands of God of converting thousands of souls, but
never witnessed such a manifestation of Divine Power. This in brief is the history and
events of his three weeks‘ work.

Sunday
The interest in the community not having abated in the slightest, the pastors unanimously
resolved to continue them during the next week.

Today at 11 A.M. the usual services were held at the churches. Mr. Hope preached at his
church and received about forty new members. Rev. W. W. Wood preached in the
Presbyterian church and delighted his congregation with a fine discourse upon the
necessity of self examination to see whether or not we are the children of God. Mr.
Turpin preached a capitol sermon from the character of Felix, showing the power of God
even upon so unlikely a subject as the Roman pro-consul; the hindrances in his way; the
probability that he was influenced to think of God by his Jewish wife; and his final loss
from procrastination. After the sermon thirty-seven persons were received into the
church.

In the afternoon at the Methodist church communion was administered. At the Baptist
church a Bible reading was held, conducted by Mr. Turpin which was largely attended.
At the Y.M.C.A. rooms there was a large meeting of men, the feature of which was
giving testimony, and a very interesting time was enjoyed.

At night the congregations all came together again in large numbers. A number of
requests for prayer were read by Mr. Turpin. Mr. Hope led in prayer. Mr. Moss read the
116th Psalm. A quartette - ―Lay Hold on Christ To-Night‖ - was sung by Messrs Wood,
Thomas Snead, and DuPre. Mr. Petrie preached a gem of a sermon from the last clause
of the 16th verse of the above Scripture: ―Thou hast loosed my bonds.‖ He said: What a
glorious thing is civil liberty. Yet, there is no liberty like that which God gives. The
various kinds of bonds with which men are bound are oppressive or not according to the
circumstances under which they are worn. Some here tonight have recently received
God‘s bondage. There is bondage for God‘s people. This bondage does not release us
from the requirement of the law, but puts us in a condition to meet these requirements.
The [freeman is not the man who disregards the law], but the one who regards the law as
his friend. The true liberty is to do what is right. A man with a large family, dependent
on his daily labor, falls ill; his resources cease; his family are brought to abject poverty
there is absolutely no help for them within themselves. His condition is ascertained;
friends come to the rescue; his debts are paid, his children are clothed and fed, and the
spirit of the man is relieved and he is happy, and recovers. So the sinner is under the
bondage to sin is ill; there is nothing he can do for himself; his earthly friends cannot
save him; Christ sees his helplessness and comes with saving power to his rescue, and he
is happy; he is now under bondage of Christ. The burdens of Christ are light. (1) - The
burden of grace is opposed to the burden of guilt, with which we were oppressed. When
Pilgrim got in sight of the cross his burden rolled away from his back - he was a freeman.
The law has no condemnation for him who is cleansed by the blood of Christ. (2) Christ
helps us. As the derrick is to the quarrymen who would be unable to handle the immense
boulders, so Christ is to the sinner who is struggling with the weight of his burden of sin.
―I can do all things through Christ.‖ The speaker illustrated this with the man with the
withered arm; the raising of Lazarus; the firemen in imminent peril cheered to perform an
almost unsurmountable feat. (3) Christ‘s bonds are soft and gentle. There is nothing
more abhorrent to human feeling than the fetters of iron, because of the dishonor that
attaches to them. It makes a difference what these burdens are. Every burden Christ
imposes upon the human soul are fetters of gold - a treasure. (4) The wings of a bird are
the weights which lift it into the air. The crosses and tribulation of earth are but the
wings by which we may rise above earthly things. They are the materials out of which
crowns are made. He made a very affective appeal to men to let Christ released them
form the bondage of sin, and bind them with the fetters of His grace.

Mr. Turpin led in prayer. Mr. Hope then took charge of the after-meeting, and after
giving a great many the privilege of testifying that they had been release from the
bondage of sin, a large number stood up for prayer, and fourteen persons accepted Christ.

Monday.
There were no meetings during the day. At night, although the weather was inclement,
there was a very large congregation present. The choir was not as strong as usual. Many
of the members had contracted severe colds. Mr. Moss read a chapter from the Acts, and
Mr. S. B. Woods and Mr. Loving led in prayer. Mr. Hope preached the sermon from
Acts ii, 37. He said, not withstanding the favor which God has given to these meetings,
some persons have regarded them with disfavor. Men have criticized the methods
adopted, and even Christian people have discountenanced them. They have said things
discreditable, not to the meeting, but to themselves. They say that we take advantage of
men to force them to accept Christ. The methods we use are those used by the Apostles.
When Christ called His disciples did He tell them to go home and consider the matter,
and come again and tell Him? He said, ―Follow me.‖ He cited the examples of the
recorded conversions in the Bible, and in every instance they were persons who accepted
Christ upon the presentation of the word. When Peter presented Christ he did not ask
them to go home and sleep on his proposition, but said to the thousands, ―Repent and be
baptized,‖ and they accepted Christ at once. Procrastination may be fatal. He did not
believe that the preacher was the only instrument by which men were to be saved. The
influence of mothers, daughters, friends, and Christian people generally were potent
agencies. Whatever the world might think, the preachers and the preached word were the
conservators of our liberties. He thanked God so many tongues had been loosed by these
meetings. He warned men not to listen to the irrational pleadings of their natures, but to
accept Christ at once. A man had a son who was wild and reckless. His father, a feeble
old man, begged him to stay in the house one night. He refused on the plea of an
engagement. Then said his father, ―My son, there is only one way I can prevent you - I
can put myself across the door and you must go over my body to get out.‖ He did so and
the young man ruthlessly trampled upon the body of his father and gained the street. So
with you - Christ‘s body is at that door - if you do not accept him, when you go out you
trample upon His body. His appeal was earnest and effective. Mr. Hope again conducted
the after-meeting. Numbers rose for prayer. Mr. J. McLain Brown sang very sweetly ―I
will.‖ At the call for those who would accept Christ, twenty-three persons responded.
Among them were men from thirty to seventy years of age, and some of our best-known
citizens, old soldiers, and men who had long resisted the Spirit of God. It was a happy
meeting. The Christian people seemed to be thoroughly enthused, and the sight of men
who had but recently surrendered themselves, working among their friends and trying to
induce them to go with them, stirred the emotional nature to its depths.

Tuesday.
The noon prayer-meeting which were instituted Monday at the Main-street rooms of the
Y.M.C.A. was fairly well attended, including some ladies.
At night, the weather being fine, the Baptist church was crowded to such an extent that
the doors had to be shut. Requests for prayer were offered by Rev. W. W. Wood. Mr.
Hope then read the 4th chapter of II Kings. A quartette, ―Welcome, Wanderer,‖ was sung
by Messrs. J. N. Waddell and J. R. Anderson. Mr. Turpin preached the sermon from the
text - ―And the oil was stayed.‖ The basis of the sermon was the incident of the woman
who found herself oppressed by want and had but one pot of oil in the house. At the
command of Elijah she borrowed vessels and poured out until all were filled and there
were no more vessels to fill. The speaker argued that the grace of God required
something to act upon; or rather, there must be a co-operative work between God and the
sinner. God designed to relieve the widow, but she must also do something. The pot of
oil represented human instrumentality. God does not perform any work for man without
man‘s assistance. And God respects the laws of nature. The farmer tills the soil; that is
all he can do. God gives the increase. The sick are healed by the prayer of faith, but the
sick must do something to sustain that faith. Men must have a pot of oil - a base for
God‘s providence to act upon. He did not disparage education; but we witness daily the
helplessness of men armed intellectually with every weapon of warfare in behalf of God,
beside the unlettered layman who has only the pot of oil. We must come with empty
vessels and God will fill them. The sinner is trying to fill his vessels with feeling, with
good work; trying to build upon his own strength, his own intelligence. No man ever
reasoned himself into heaven. A pupil learned wrong was hard to unlearn. Men must
become as little children. ―The oil was stayed‖ because there were no more vessels to
fill. There is no limit to God‘s mercy. His mercy is extended to all who call upon Him.
He made an earnest appeal to men to come and let God fill their vessels with oil.

Miss Paoli sang most touchingly, ―Oh! To be nothing,‖ and a testimony-meeting was
held. The question was, ―Has God more blessings in store for His people?‖ The voice
was universal that there were more vessels to fill, and that the meetings should be carried
on. A student arose and stated that he had sent a paper containing an account of these
meetings to a friend in Arkansas, and had received a letter from him to the effect that the
perusal of it had determined him to lead a better life. The congregation sang ―Praise
God,‖ &c., and Mr. Taylor sang ―I will,‖ while Mr. Turpin urged those who felt any
interest in their salvation to manifest it, and many arose for prayer. Subsequently
fourteen persons professed faith in Christ.

Wednesday.
Tuesday was a ―beastly‖ one, as our English friends would say, and [when] night came it
was no better. Nevertheless several hundred persons turned out to church, most of whom
were Christians. Numerous requests for prayer were read by Mr. Hope. Mr. Turpin led
in prayer. Mr. Ernest Taylor sang ―Behold, what manner of Love!‖ Rev. J. O. Moss
preached the sermon from Luke xv-18. The subject was the prodigal‘s return. This
parable, the preacher said, seemed to comprehend in itself the great plan of salvation
which Christ was just about to inaugurate. He would pass over the first and second
applications of the wonderful illustration and pass at once to the last - which found the
sinner away from his father‘s house, his substance all spent, and in a condition of most
abject wretchedness, and called attention to the characteristics of genuine repentance. (1)
Whoever repents must be made conscious of his state by reason of sin, and the glorious
possibilities of his redemption through Christ. The prodigal came to himself. It seems to
us a wonder that he should have delayed so long. It was not in his affluence, when he
was spending his wealth in riotous living, but in his despair that saw his wretched
condition. So with any penitent soul. Man may have glimpses of his lost condition, but
he is prone to hide it away by attention to earthly things. It is only when he is in the pit
of despair that he sees the star of hope. It is only while feeding upon the husks that he
turns with yearning towards his father‘s house. The second characteristic is a fixed
purpose to release himself. While in the depths of despair he said ―I will come.‖ It
involved a great deal to this proud, pampered, headstrong young man. He had fed his
pride upon his desire, his inclination, his follies, and his sins; but he reversed his history
and in utter self-abnegation put his trust in another.

The third characteristic was the immediate execution of his purpose. Nothing retarded
him. He went.

The fourth characteristic is application to God. He said, ―I will say unto my Father,‖ &c.
No man need be ashamed to make this confession. What are the results of these
characteristics; He elicits the compassion of God. It is inspiring to know that the great
loving heart of God is throbbing in sympathy with those who return unto Him. His father
saw him afar off - ran to meet him, and recognized him in his rags and tatters and
emaciation, and gave him a gracious welcome; and when he began to make his
confession he only got as far as ―I have sinned‖ - the Father stopped him with an embrace
and a kiss, and installed him again in his household. He was transformed. He was
clothed in purple, and had ring on his finger. So the sinner who comes to Christ is
transformed - clothed in His righteousness. There was general rejoicing over the
recovered one. The family unite in the joyful acclaim. There is no doubt that the hosts of
heaven have rejoiced over the return of so many prodigals in these meetings. He made a
very earnest appeal to the prodigals to come back to their father‘s house. At the close
Mr. Taylor sang ―Calling now for Thee, Prodigal,‖ and Mr. Petrie led in prayer. Mr.
Hope conducted the after-meeting, and quite a long session of testimony-giving was held.
The question was, ―Who has returned to the Father‘s house?‖ Mr. Hope, noticing the
jury in the case of Commonwealth vs. Davis, who have been attending for several nights,
said he knew their mouths were closed, but the law did not proscribe them testifying for
Christ, and he would be pleased to receive their testimony. Some interesting experiences
were given. When the question was put ―Who will return in their Father‘s house?‖ quite
a number stood for prayer, and subsequently nine persons professed their determination
to return at once. It was one of the best meetings of the revival, and we hazard nothing in
saying that the sermon was one of the best of the series.

The Work at the Delevan.
The meetings at the Delevan have been constituted all the week, and the number of
converts claimed for that church are between 275 and 300. The white preachers have
given them as much attention as they could, and visiting colored ministers have assisted.

Converts.
Unfortunately there is no means of getting an absolutely correct sum of the conversions.
From the best data we can get, we make out about 725 whites and 300 colored - total
about 1,025. And yet, such is the mysterious power of the work that even at this writing
there may be, and probably are, others putting on the robes of Christ‘s righteousness.

Remarks, Incidents, &c.
The methods adopted by the Evangelist have been kept up. It is a little singular how
those Christians who have never heretofore believed in open testimony have fallen into
line with these who have been in the habit of doing so. In other words, as expressed by
one of the ministers ―their tongues have been loosened.‖ And right here we desire to
relate a very singular incident. A young man was converted a few nights ago who was
before his conversion, a skeptic if not an agnostic. He had a very perceptible impediment
in his speech. After his conversion he asked God to remove that impediment promising
to use his voice for Him in the future. He has not stammered since; and at one of the
recent meetings he made a speech in behalf of a young man whom he was trying to lead
to Christ, and his friends were astonished at the clearness of his articulation! Skeptics
may place such construction on this as they wish - these are the facts.

A stranger, laying over at the Junction awaiting the arrival of a train went to hear Mr.
Brown at the Delavan. He was convicted, converted and went his way rejoicing; leaving
a handsome contribution to aid in the expenses of the meeting.

On Monday two men came to court. At night they dropped in at the church. Both were
aged men - both were converted.

Another incident quite as interesting, showing the power of grace in the human heart, was
that of a salon-keeper, who became convicted, but his business came in the way. He was,
however, induced to make the surrender. He thereafter lost no time in stopping the sale
of ardent spirits, although his profits from that source were very considerable.

We are pleased to know that the amount raised for the expenses of the meeting up to
Saturday last was over 400, about $350 of which went with a blessing to Messrs. Brown
and Avis.

The following note in this connection from a distinguished professor at the University
will be interesting:

Rev. H. M. Hope-
My Dear Sir, - I enclose a check for $-- which I shall be obliged to you to apply to the
fund raised for Rev. Mr. Brown, whose services to our community merit more than we
are able to give, and at the hands of our Master will receive an inestimable reward.
                                         With great respect and esteem.
                                         I am very truly your friend.

To the unanimity with which the pastors of the Presbyterian, Methodist and Baptist
churches have acted in these meetings the unparalleled devotion of Christians of all
denominations, and the excellent work and influence of the Secretary of the Y. M. C. A.,
is to be ascribed in large measure the abounding success that has crowned the work.

Mr. Brown is engaged at Claystreet Methodist church at Richmond, and the papers of that
city say the building is inadequate to the accommodation of the crowds that rush to hear
him.

Mr. Turpin will hold a Bible-reading at the Baptist church on Sunday afternoon at 3:30
o‘clock, to which all are invited.

Charlottesville Chronicle
3/11/1887

On Sunday last the thanksgiving sermon of Mentor Lodge, 1453, G. U. O. of O. F.,
Household of Ruth and Council of Red Men, was preached at Mt. Zion church by Rev.
W. W. Wood. Members of Ivy Depot lodge and Berean Lodge were present. The
sermon was an able one from Gallatians vi-10, and the theme was ―Faithfulness to God
and to one another.‖

Charlottesville Chronicle
3/25/1887

Rev. Jesse Herndon, of the Mt. Zion church, feeling that his ill health did not allow him
to do his congregation justice, offered his resignation several days ago. At a meeting of
the church, held March 23, the resignation was declined, and it was resolved that the
church preferred to retain him on full salary, to preach only when he is able, then to
employ another man, and lose the service of one who, as pastor and advisor, has been and
is so valuable to them. This is a very complimentary action.

Charlottesville Chronicle
4/8/1887

At the First Colored Baptist church, on Sunday afternoon, seventy-three persons were
baptized. Communion was administered at night.

Charlottesville Chronicle
4/29/1887

Rev. Jesse Herndon, having recovered somewhat from his recent illness, is now
conducting a revival at Mt. Zion. There have been over sixty professions and much
interest is manifest.

Charlottesville Chronicle
5/18/1887
Pastor Herndon, of the Mt. Zion Baptist church will administer the ordinances of baptism
at Cochran‘s pond next Sunday afternoon at 2:30 o‘clock.

Charlottesville Chronicle
6/3/1887

New Church Organized - On Sunday, the 22nd ult., a new Baptist church was organized at
Laurel Hill, in this county, near Proffitt‘s station, V.M. Railway, with twenty members.
Elder J. T. Randolph was made moderator, and J.M. Farrar, clerk. After electing the
deacons, a clerk and treasurer, Elder J.M. Farrar was chosen pastor, and Elder Randolph
preached a most appropriate sermon, from Jeremiah, iv 3. Elder Randolph has been
preaching at this point for three years and a good Sunday-school has been in operation for
a longer time. A settlement from Michigan have bought land and live near the church
and we are told more are coming.

Charlottesville Chronicle
6/10/1887

The annual election of the First Colored Baptist Sunday-school resulted in choosing the
following officers: John A. Brown, superintendent; W. L. Brown, assistant-
superintendent; Miss. Mattie Thomas, assistant secretary; Farrar, chorister; Miss Susie
Taylor, organist; Miss Josephine Jackson, assistant-organist; S. Sanders, librarian; L.
Wayland, assistant librarian. This is said to be a very flourishing school. The above
officers were installed last Sunday morning.

Charlottesville Chronicle
7/8/1887

The anniversary of the First Colored Sunday-school occurred on Monday night. Some
good essays were read by ladies of the school, and an address was made by Robt. Scott
Jr. A fine banner was presented to the school by Mrs. Lizzie Brown, which was received
by Mr. R. Kelso in an appropriate manner. This is a very flourishing school and its
condition is largely due to the efforts of its superintendent, Mr. John A. Brown, who
deserves credit for his success. The school will have its excursion to-day.

Charlottesville Chronicle
7/8/1887

The Jefferson Graded School. - The final exercises of this school came off in the Mount
Zion church on Friday night, 24th ult. It being the first public exhibition of this school,
and the programme having been gotten up in haste the Principal, Mr. E. Tosier, asked the
forbearance of the audience with any defeat that might appear. He might have saved
himself the trouble, for the whole programme was admirably executed, and did credit to
the pupils and teachers. It consisted of recitations, dialogues, songs, etc. Those with
which we were particularly pleased were: A debate on Woman‘s Rights by seven or
eight young girls - some of them spoke like orators; a solo by Miss Brackett was well
performed: ―The Raven,‖ by Miss Kinnie, was a most admirable piece of declamation;
there were also concert exercises by the pupils - all of which showed a good degree of
training, and also the rapid advancement these people are making in letters. Mr. Robt.
Scott, Jr., one of the teachers, assisted materially in the exercises, including many white
persons. The graduates were Misses Mary Susan Alexander, Mary P. Brown, Mary Eliza
Cary, Maggie E. Kinnie, and Mary E. Tibbs.

Charlottesville Chronicle
9/9/1887

The Blind Minstrels, who so delighted the people here several years ago, will commence
a series of concerts in the Mt. Zion church next Monday night.

Charlottesville Chronicle
9/16/1887

The Jubilee Singers, known as the ―Williamson Family,‖ have been giving concerts at the
Mt. Zion church every night this week. These people are from Wilson county, N. C., and
belong to a family of fourteen children, seven of whom were born blind. These four
singers, who have trained themselves in their peculiar music, were educated at a blind
asylum at Raleigh. Their performances consist in quartette songs, and imitations of
musical instruments, such as the harp, brass instruments, etc., are very peculiar and
making striking effects. The imitation by William, of the thrumming of harp strings, is
very well done. They are playing for the benefit of the church. Large crowds have
visited them. Seats are reserved for white people.

Charlottesville Chronicle
9/30/1887

Church Dedication – The new colored Methodist church was dedicated last Sunday. This
church is located on Gas street, north of University street, and is a frame building 32x44
feet, and has been in course of erection for several years. The congregation here is weak,
and they have found it hard to build, but their perseverance has finally been rewarded.
The dedicatory service commenced at 10 a. m. with a love-feast, conducted by Rev. H. A.
Carroll, of Lynchburg. The dedication sermon was preached by Rev. N. M. Carroll, at 11
a.m. In the afternoon, Rev. H. M. Hope of the M. E. Church South, preached. A large
congregation of white people was present, and the singing was done by the choir of this
church. Lieutenant Governor Masey was present and made an address. At 8 p.m. Rev.
Martin, of New London, preached. The new church is known as Wesley Chapel, and the
pastor is Rev. G. D. Johnson.
Charlottesville Chronicle
2/21/1889

A Costly Vote.

The Rev. C. B. W. Gordon, pastor of the Harrison Street Colored Baptist church of
Petersburg, has been made to pay high, by his congregation, for the privilege of
exercising the right of suffrage last fall.

It seems he voted the democratic gubernatorial ticket on that occasion, and for thus
―votin‘ agin de race,‖ and also for swearing to a lie, (for he had, it seems, taken a solemn
pledge when he assumed the pastorate, always to vote the republican ticket) the deacons,
at a recent meeting, docked his salary $100.

At this rate, if the preacher persists to voting his sentiments and the deacons administer
the same discipline for each offense, the Harrison Street Colored Baptist church will soon
be a really ―free‖ church indeed, as well as in name. The pastor will serve out the gospel
in true apostolic style ―without money and without price.‖

This may be bad religion and corrupt politics, but as a financial measure it is an
undoubted success.

Charlottesville Chronicle
3/1/1889

A Good Concert - A concert arranged by Miss Belle F. Gibbons, for the benefit of the
Cottage Hospital, was given Monday and Tuesday nights in the Delevan church, to good
audiences. We state a simple fact when we say that Miss Gibbons is the best singer we
have had here since Minne Hauk. She has a voice of wonderful smoothness, sweetness
and capacity, and seems to have it under absolute control. It would naturally be supposed
that a concert by colored people would be composed of the uncultivated songs for which
they as a race are peculiar.

This was not so. The numbers in almost every case were carefully selected from the best
authors, and given an intelligent interpretation; and whether the piece was a selection
mystified by the ―Op. No-,‖ or a simple, familiar ballad, it became intelligible to the most
uncultivated ear under her comprehensive rendition. The best musical critics in the city
were present and engaged heartily in the encores which greeted her.

Miss Gibbons is the daughter of the late Rev. Win. Gibbons of Washington, formerly of
Charlottesville. She had the benefit of good musical training prior to her engagement
with a jubilee company with which she has been touring the last five years through
Europe and Australia. She has sung before the crowned heads and has come home to
rest.
There were other singers who were only second to Miss Gibbons in this concert; and
there were Mrs. Lizzie Brown, a fine soprano; Miss Mary Brown, whose alto delighted
the audience; Misses Jackson, Rives and Taylor, and Mr. Hill, baritone.

One of the pleasing things of the entertainment was the singing by Miss Gibbons of the
song, ―Steal Away to Jesus‖ – a ―spiritualism,‖ as Cable calls it.

The amount realized by the entertainment, all of which, except the actual expenses, is to
go to the Hospital, is about $150.

Mr. Robt. Scott, Jr., managed the affair efficiently.


Charlottesville Chronicle
4/12/1889

See the advertisement in another column of concerts to be given at Mt. Zion church on
the 15th and 16th. From what we know of the local talent that will be engaged we can
promise a good entertainment. In addition, Mrs. Walker, of Richmond, a soprano singer
of not, has been engaged. We are sure that those who attend will be paid for the . . .
outlay.

Charlottesville Chronicle
4/19/1889

A very good concert was that given on Monday night at the Mt. Zion church, under the
management of Mr. F. B. Hill. The choruses and solos were very well rendered,
particularly the solos of Mr. Hill and Mrs. Walker. The concert was repeated Tuesday
evening.

Charlottesville Chronicle
4/26/1889

See advertisement in another column of concert by Miss Belle Gibsons, in the First
Colored Baptist church. Those who have heard her need no inducement to go again, and
those who have not will miss a treat if they fail to do so. The two concerns given some
weeks ago were in every particular satisfactory.

Charlottesville Chronicle
10/4/1889

The result of the revivals of the two colored Baptist churches - one at this place and the
other a couple of miles below town - was shown in the baptizing of forty-three
persons at the Scottsville Ferry Sunday evening. - Courier
Charlottesville Chronicle
11/1/1889

The negro pastor‘s circular settles the question forever as to the status of the negro in
politics in this State. The white people have only to look and see where their
benevolence and kindness to the negro tends. Have you any more money for negro
churches?

Charlottesville Chronicle
11/1/1889

Will the negroes never learn to use the right of suffrage intelligently? Education seems to
make no impression upon them. We understand that the negro preachers throughout the
State are almost nightly exhorting their congregations to support Mahone. We say
nothing of the character of the man (his proven personal dishonesty), they urge their
hearers to support. If he was as pure as Washington, the fact that the negroes allowed
their preachers to dictate their politics to them is of itself alone sufficient to demonstrate
their unfitness for the suffrage.

What would a white congregation, even of the humblest citizens, say if their minister was
to presume to preach them a political sermon and urge or command them to vote or
support a certain party or man?

Charlottesville Chronicle
12/13/1889

Installation Services of Rev A B. Alonzo Scott, At the First Colored Baptist Church -
This service took place at the 1st Colored Church on Sunday. In the morning there was
preaching by Rev. Pultan, of Staunton, and to the afternoon by Rev. J. B. Turpin of
Charlottesville. At 7:30 p. m. the installation proper took place at which the following
persons officiated: O. Michie, Rev. A. Trusti, Henry Overton, Geo. W. Brown, Rev. J. L.
Barkedale, of Danville, R. A. Cross, R. Kelser, J. A. Brown, Berkeley Bullock, S.
Saunders, J. J. Ferguson. The service was impressive and interesting, and none the less
so from the rendition by Miss Belle Gibbons of several fine songs.

Rev. Alonzo Scott A. M., was born Feb. 5th 1840, in Knoxville, Tennessee, a slave by
birth. After the war he had a widowed mother and a sister to support, and at the same
time educated himself. Being raised by Presbyterian owners and parents was educated
for a Presbyterian minister at Marysville College, Marysville, Tennessee, but
subsequently joined the Baptist church in Knoxville, Tennessee. In 1881 he moved to
Rome Ga, where he was principal of the Public Schools about four years. He was
licensed by the Springfield Baptist church of Rome, of which he was then a member.
During his stay in the above named place, was secretary of the North Georgia
Association for three years; was ordained Oct. 9th, 1884 by the said Association. He then
took charge of the 1st Baptist church of Tilton, Ga. This charge being small, and not able
to support him, after he had built the church a good edifice, accepted a call to the 1st
Baptist church at Shelbyville, Tenn., where he served for about four years, during which
time he established and built the Shelbyville Seminary, of which he was president for
three years. Having cleared the church of debt, increased her membership and repaired
and beautified the property, he resigned to take the pastoral care of the 1st Baptist church
of Murfreesboro, Tenn. Served this faithfully as pastor about two years; during this time
the Lord blessed his labors with abundant success, and many were added. In 1886, was
elected Moderator of Stones River Missionary Baptist Association. In Nov., 1889, was
called to the pastorate of the 1st Colored Baptist church of Charlottesville, Va., by a
unanimous vote.

A Glance at Sunday‘s Exercises.

The entire service was very impressive. Large and appreciative congregations assembled
to witness the execution of the programme. At 11 a.m. Rev. Pullan preached an able
sermon, being assisted by Rev. Barksdale and Truatt, each of whom prayed a fervent
prayer for the success of the pastor elect. At this service it could be seen that the tide of
interest was high, and at 8 p.m. it seemed to be at its height. Rev. Turpin, of the First
Baptist church (white), entered the pulpit, from which he issued in a convincing manner
words of advice to pastor and church. During this service the hearts of the people were
gladdened by renditions by Miss Belle F. Gibbons, and appropriate anthems by the choir.

At 7:30 p.m., despite the threatening weather, a large congregation assembled to witness
the Installation ceremonies conducted by Rev. J. M. Barksdale, who progued into the
unsearchable riches of God and brought out sound advice for the pastor and church, much
to the edification of all who heard him. After the addresses of welcome on the part of the
Sunday School and church, and the band of fellowship by the officials, the congregation
arose en masse, signifying their determination to support him (Rev. Scott) as he ascended
the pulpit to respond to the warm reception with which he had met in words and acts. It
is gratifying to say that a large crowd of our white friends manifested interest in this new
era, by their presence and contributions Sunday.
90s
Charlottesville Chronicle
1/10/1890

Last Sunday was a ―big‖ day with the colored people of Charlottesville, Va. It was the
occasion of the installation of the Rev. J. Francis Robinson of New Bedford Mass. to the
pastorate of the Mt. Zion Baptist church. Never since the emancipation were the colored
people more jubilant and manifestly enthusiastic than on Sunday last. The congregations
of the two Baptist churches united together in ―one accord to praise the Saviour‘s name.‖
The following was the programme observed during the day:

9 a.m. Sabbath School.
11 a.m. preaching by Rev. J. F. Robinson, pastor-elect.
3 p.m. preaching by Rev. R. Alonza Scott of Delevan Baptist church.
7:30 p.m. Installation.
Sermon by Rev. P. F. Morris
Pastor Court Street Baptist church Lynchburg.
Prayer by Rev. A. Trauatt.
Hand of fellowship by the Rev. Scott
Address of welcome by Prof. Benj. E. Topsler.
Response by Rev. J. F. Robinson.
The united choirs furnished sweet music throughout the day, and the services were not
only largely attended but generously appreciated.

Charlottesville Chronicle
1/31/1890

Rev. Mr. Gibbons preached at the Baptist church on Sunday morning, and Rev. B. F.
Lipscomb, at night; Rev. J B. Turpin having an attack of la grippe. Rev. B. H. Dement
occupied Mr. Lipscomb‘s pulpit at night.

Charlottesville Chronicle
3/21/1890

Rev. H. M. Wharton will preach at the Delevan Colored Baptist church this afternoon at
four o‘clock. He will preach as usual at the Baptist church tonight. The sermon will be
addressed to young men. The whole of the lower floor will be reserved for men. No
gentlemen will be admitted to the galleries which will be kept for the ladies.

Charlottesville Chronicle
4/11/1890

Services at First Colored Baptist Church – Last Sunday morning at 11 o‘clock, chronicled
an event unprecedented in the history of the above named church. The church never
looked more beautiful, dressed in its Easter robes so superbly.
The choir, presided over by Mr. James Farrar and Mrs. M.O. Kelser, was grandly
accompanied with the E Cornet by Mrs. R. A. Scott, who handles the instrument with
wonderful ability. The Easter sermon, by Rev. R. A. Scott, at 11 o‘clock a.m., taking for
a text ―He is risen,‖ was terse, precise, eloquent and instructive, and showing his
scholarly attainments. The climax was beautifully capped at 8 o‘clock services, when the
grand Easter services were rendered by the Sunday-school. It consisted of appropriate
scripture recitations, songs, solos, duets and trios. At the conclusion of this service Rev.
Scott asked for the Easter offering, which amounted to $337.80, of which $51.60 was
turned over by him, being the amount given him by his own churches and many white
friends, through his (Rev. Scott‘s) earnest solicitation. Everything considered, such a
time is unprecedented in the annals of that church, and is done mainly to their efficient
pastor, Rev. R. Alonza Scott. Surely he is the right man in the right place.

Charlottesville Chronicle
4/25/1890

A New Departure - Among the innumerable colored conventions and associations which
have been organized since the war between the states, eventuated in the emancipation and
enfranchisement of the negro race, we do not recollect one which has really had for its
object the moral elevation of the race.

In every one of these meetings, politics, politics, politics, has been the cry.

There seems always to have been a prevailing, vague idea that somewhere in the state or
federal governments there rested a power which could bring light to the ignorant, and
prosperity to the idle.

For the first time in thirty years, we have reason to hope that his delusion is, to some
extent, vanishing among some of our colored fellow citizens.

A convention of colored people met in Richmond last week, which, barring some foolish
speeches and resolutions by professional . . . . who had no earthly business in such an
assemblage, demonstrated by its proceedings and resolutions not only that it
comprehended the disease that effects the negro race in this country, but that it knows and
has the courage to apply the effective remedy.

The following resolution will indicate the drift of sentiments in this, the wisest negro
convention that ever assembled on this continent:

We recognize that the future prosperity of our race depends upon the moral and
intellectual purity of our social life; and as much of the injustice of which we now
complain is but the natural result of the contempt in which we are held by reason of our
shortcomings in this direction, we would press upon the race the necessity of complete
reform in the social impurities practiced by many, and tacitly countenanced by all. And
we earnestly request the ministers of the Gospel throughout the State, that at a stated time
they specially address the people upon this all-important subject, setting forth the
pernicious influences exercised upon the race by intemperance, and its attendant legion of
corrupt votaries, and guard well the sanctity of home, and refrain from every form of
looseness of life; that we believe when intellectual equality shall become the rule, and not
the exception we shall be accord all deprived.

Here is the key not of real negro emancipation: No race, no nation, no society ever
emerged much above savagery which did not mark in letters of blood the distinction
between an honest and a dishonest man, a pure and impure woman.

Until our colored people frown upon the penitentiary convict and the lewd woman and
make them outcasts of their society, all the state and national laws that can be enacted
will not suffice to elevate them above barbarism.

Especially do we commend that portion of the resolution which invokes the colored
ministers to pay more attention to the morals of their flocks.

Let them let up for a while on the heinous sin of circus going and playing the fiddle, and
dancing among the young people, and comedown with a heavy and relentless hand on
petty larceny and prostitution.

Charlottesville Chronicle
4/25/1890

The War of the Churches

The two colored baptist churches of this city - the Delevan and Mt. Zion, both
claiming to be the first Baptist church of Charlottesville - seem to be at outs. We do
not propose to enter into the merits of the case, for, for the life of us, we are unable
to see any merit on either side. But we do desire to submit a few desultory remarks
as to some features of the fierce controversy now raging between the Rev. R. Alonzo
Scott and the Rev. J. Francis Robertson, pastors, respectively, of the Delevan and
Mt. Zion colored baptist churches, as it is disclosed in a resolution adapted by what
is termed the “Virginia Piedmont ministerial and deacons meeting.”

The resolution, introduced as we understand by the Rev. Robertson, is as follows:

Resolved, That we hereby notify the public that we are not in sympathy with the
aforesaid R. Alonzo Scott, or the democratic sentiment attempt by any person or
persons, who would pronounce the aforesaid Scott a leader or teacher of the negro
race in America.

Now we have no knowledge of the politics of the Rev. Mr. Scott, as actively
displayed in the national, state, or municipal elections of the day. This ignorance on
our part, and the part of community is eminently to the credit of Mr. Scott. It shows
that he is preaching religion and not politics. But we understood that Mr. Scott, on
the only occasion in which he has mentioned politics, has denied being a democrat,
and avowed himself a republican, but such a republican as the scope and sphere of
his ministerial duties dictate to him.

As to the trouble between the two churches, we have no knowledge. As to the
politics of the two pastors, we do not care the snap of a finger. But we have no
hesitation in say that it is the duty of all good citizens, white and colored, to frown
down the man who comes among us with a sword and fire brand, and encourage, in
every way possible, that minister of the gospel who, following the example of his
Master, preaches peace, good will toward man.

Charlottesville Chronicle
8/29/1890

A Colored Tragedienne - Henrietta Vinton Davis, of Washington, D.C., the only colored
tragedienne America has ever produced will appear at the First Colored Baptist Church,
Monday night Sept. 1st. The following extract from the Boston Post, one of the ablest
democratic papers published in New England, will give some idea of the impression
made at the North by this actress:

―Miss Davis is undoubtedly one of the most talented ladies of her race and merits a
respectful hearing. She possesses a pleasant and well modulated voice, and is very
graceful in bearing and gesture. Miss Davis gave Juliet‘s principal scene from Romeo and
Juliet, in costume, with dagger, etc., in which she displayed more than ordinary ability.‖

Charlottesville Chronicle
5/8/1891

Church Troubles – Several influential members of the First Colored Baptist church were
before the Mayor‘s court last Tuesday morning to answer the charge of disorderly
conduct in church. It seems that after the usual service Sunday night, Noah Jackson,
Berkeley Bullock, and others called a business session of the church to consider questions
relating to Rev. Alonzo Scott. Several members present objected to this on the grounds
that the Rev. Scott was not present to defend himself. During the discussion, the lights
were put out and a large part of the congregation left the church.

The promoters of the meeting however persisted, and passed a resolution in effect, that
owing to damaging reports in circulation concerning Rev. Scott, the pulpit should be
declared vacant until these reports should be refuted.

On Tuesday five of the opposers of the meeting were brought before the Mayor‘s court to
answer the charge stated above. The Mayor, however refused to proceed until he had
looked in to the laws of the First Colored church and if possible he wised to wait until
Rev. Scott could be present and defended himself. The trial was set for Monday.

Charlottesville Chronicle
5/15/1891
The twenty-fourth annual session of the Virginia Baptist State Convocation (colored) was
commented last Wednesday morning in the First Colored Baptist church of this city, and
will continue until Saturday evening. Rev. H. H. Mitchell, of Farmville, is the presiding
officer. The session was opened with devotional exercises, after which the address of
welcome was given by J. A. Brown. This was followed by a response from Rev. H
Williams, of Petersburg, and at the conclusion of this the president delivered a short
address. The regular order of business was then adopted, delegates enrolled, committees
appointed, etc. At the afternoon session the following officers were elected for the
ensuing year: Rev. H. H. Mitchell, Farmville, president; T.J. Chick, Lynchburg, vice-
president; H. Jarman, Buchanan, second vice president; C. A. Robinson, Midlesex, third
vice president: A. Chisholm, J. W. Kirby, Portsmouth, corresponding secretary; J. E.
Farrar, Richmond, treasurer, D. C. Dean, Staunton statistical secretary.

Charlottesville Chronicle
5/15/1891

The difficulty among the members of the First Colored Baptist church, which was
brought up before the mayor‘s court last week, has been settled without the assistance of
the law.

Charlottesville Chronicle
1/8/1892

Rev. J.F. Robinson, pastor of Mt. Zion Baptist church, (colored) makes the following
annual report for the second year‘s work of his ministry: Amount raised, $3560, against
$4000 for preceding year. The present indebtedness is $2300. The accessions for the
two years amounted to 125. The loss by death was 46.

Charlottesville Chronicle
11/4/1892

Colored Churches Used For Political Purposes - The use which is made of colored
churches throughout the South to intimidate all negroes who attempt to submit to the
guidance of their judgment and good sense by voting the Democratic ticket, has been
most forcibly demonstrated here in Charlottesville during the present campaign.

Many of the most worthy and prominent colored men of the city have expressed their
intention of voting for Cleveland and Stevenson. Among the most influential of these are
John West and James H. Ferguson. The latter has long been a leading member of the
Delevan church, and a teacher in its Sunday school. Soon after it became known that he
would not support the Republican candidate, John A. Brown, superintendent of the
Sunday School, informed him that his class wished him to resign, and threatened to leave
the school unless he complied with their desire. Ferguson promptly tendered his
resignation.
Pendleton, a respectable negro, formerly janitor at the public schools, told one of the
teachers not long since that he was in sympathy with the white people and would like to
vote for the Democratic nominees, but to do so would entail the loss of his soul. Upon
inquiry, he discovered that years ago he, with numbers of other colored men, had sworn
in church that they would never vote any but the Republican ticket, choosing this as the
only alternative, by which they could retain membership in the church.

So long as the negro churches compose a part of the Republican election machinery, the
white people should refuse to the ministers and officers the pecuniary aid, which they are
so often called upon to render. As to Brown, it is not unlikely that his conduct has
exposed him to indictment and prosecution. Such being the case he should sustain the
full rigor of the law.

				
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