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Guelph

Guelph
Coordinates: 43°33′N 80°15′W / 43.55°N 80.25°W / 43.55; -80.25
Guelph, Ontario - MPs - MPPs Area - City - Urban - Metro Elevation Frank Valeriote (LPC) 2008-Present Liz Sandals (OLP) 2003-Present 86.72 km2 (33.48 sq mi) 78.39 km2 (48.71 sq mi) 378.45 km2 (146.12 sq mi) 334 m (1,096 ft)

Population (2006)[1] 114,943 - City 1,325.5/km2 (3,433.2/ - Density sq mi) 115,635 - Urban 127,009 - Metro Guelphite - Demonym
Flag

Nickname(s): The Royal City Motto: Faith, Fidelity and Progress

Time zone - Summer (DST) Postal code span Area code(s) Website

EST (UTC-5) EDT (UTC-4) N1C, N1E, N1G, N1H, N1K, N1L 519, 226 City of Guelph website

Coordinates: 43°33′N 80°15′W / 43.55°N 80.25°W / 43.55; -80.25 Country Province County City Wards Founded Incorporated Government - Mayor - Governing Body Canada Ontario Wellington County There are 6 Wards April 23, 1827 April 23, 1879 Karen Farbridge (elected November 2006) Guelph City Council

Guelph (pronounced /ɡwɛlf/) (Canada 2006 Census population 114,943[1]) is a city located in Southern Ontario, and more specifically in the Southwestern region of Ontario, Canada. Known as "The Royal City", Guelph is roughly 28 kilometres (17 mi) east of Kitchener-Waterloo and 100 kilometres (62 mi) west of downtown Toronto at the intersection of Highway 6 and Highway 7. It is the seat of Wellington County, but as a separated municipality, the city is not part of the county. As one entity, Guelph and Wellington County have a population of 200,425.[2] Residents of Guelph are called Guelphites. Guelph also has a number of sister cities, which are selected based on economic, cultural and political criteria. Because of its low crime rates, clean environment and generally high standard of living, Guelph is consistently rated as one of the country’s most livable cities: Moneysense magazine ranked Guelph fourth in the country to live in 2007 [3], and was also rated among Canada’s ten best places to live by Chatelaine magazine.

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In April 2009 Guelph was named one of Canada’s top ten places to live for University graduates, mid-career professionals, families with children, and retirees.[4]

Guelph

History
Before colonization, the area was considered by the surrounding indigenous communities to be a "neutral" zone. On selected dates members from these communities would meet and trade goods by the Speed River. Guelph was selected as the headquarters of the Canada Company, a British development firm, by its Canadian superintendent John Galt, a popular Scottish novelist who designed the town to attract settlers to it and to the surrounding countryside.[5] Galt designed the town to resemble a European city centre, complete with squares, broad main streets and narrow side streets, resulting in a variety of block sizes and shapes which is still in place today.[6] The street plan was designed to resemble a lady’s fan, many of the streets forming triangles (the segments of the fan). This technique had been used in other planned towns such as Buffalo, New York.[5] Guelph was founded on St. George’s Day, April 23rd, 1827, the feast day of the patron saint of England.[6] The town was named to honour Britain’s royal family, the Hanoverians, who were descended from the Guelfs, the ancestral family of George IV, the reigning British monarch; thus the nickname The Royal City. The directors of the Canada Company had actually wanted the city to be named Goderich, but reluctantly accepted the fait accompli. The city is home to the University of Guelph and Sleeman Breweries Ltd.. The Ontario Agricultural College (OAC), the oldest part of University of Guelph, began in 1873 as an associate agricultural college of the University of Toronto. Guelph’s most famous landmark is the Church of Our Lady Immaculate.

An 1855 map of Guelph. downtown and continue southwest. There are also many creeks and rivers creating large tracts of densely-forested ravines, and providing ideal sites for parks and recreational trails. The city is built on many drumlins and buried waterways, the most famous being an underground creek flowing below the Albion Hotel, once the source of water used to brew beer.

Climate
The weather and climate of that region of Ontario is moderate in both summer and winter. However, due to its location close to other moderate or major cities (Cambridge, Kitchener-Waterloo, London, Toronto and the GTA) Guelph experiences the highest percentage of acid rain downfall in all of Ontario and the area is prone to severe weather causing high winds in summer, due to its location on the Lake Breeze Front.

Economy
Manufacturing is a leading sector, accounting for 18 per cent of employment.[8]. The City of Guelph’s Economic Development Strategy identified life science, agrifood and biotechnology firms, environmental management and technology companies as growth industries on which to focus economic development activities. [9] Guelph’s major employers include the University of Guelph, Linamar Corporation, and Sleeman Breweries (recently purchased by Sapporo of Japan) among others.

Geography and climate
Topography and water courses
Downtown Guelph is situated above the confluence of the Speed and Eramosa, which have numerous tributaries. The Speed River enters from the north and the Eramosa River from the east; the two rivers meet below

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Guelph
Board administers Catholic education in Wellington County, including Guelph.

Demographics
Ethnic Origin English Canadian Scottish Irish German Italian Population 36,975 36,845 27,875 24,445 14,505 11,135 Percent 31.93% 31.82% 24.07% 21.11% 12.52% 9.61%

Secondary schools
Due to the presence of two different school boards, Guelph has numerous elementary and secondary schools. The secondary schools are as follows: Public: • Centennial C.V.I. • College Heights C.V.I. • Guelph C.V.I. • John F. Ross C.V.I. Catholic: • Our Lady of Lourdes C.H.S. • Saint James C.H.S. • Bishop Macdonell C.H.S.

Guelph is the 4th fastest growing city in Canada with a population growth rate of about 2% per year. Guelph’s current population is estimated to be around 127,872 and is projected to have a population around 175,000-195,000 by the year 2027. Population varies throughout the year because of variations in the University of Guelph student population. [10] The 2001 census indicates 117,344 people residing in Guelph, of whom 49.1% were male and 50.9% were female. Children under five accounted for approximately 6.2% of the resident population of Guelph, whereas 12.2% of the resident population in Guelph were of retirement age. The average age is 35.7 years of age. In the five years between 1996 and 2001, the population of Guelph grew by 10.7%. Population density of Guelph averaged 310.1 people per square kilometre. Historically, Guelph’s population has been principally British in origin, with 92% in 1880 and 87% in 1921.[5] Now, some 10 percent of the resident population described themselves as visible minorities, predominantly South Asian mostly of Afghan, Indian and Pakistani origin: 2.43%, Chinese: 2.42%, Black Canadian/African Canadians: 1.25%, and many others including Filipino, Vietnamese and Arab. The city is mostly Christian: 74.17%, almost evenly split among Protestants and Roman Catholics. The largest non-Christian religion is Buddhism: 1.45%, followed by Islam, and Hinduism.[11]

Post-secondary institutions
• University of Guelph, one of Canada’s top comprehensive universities, and home to the Ontario Agricultural College and the Ontario Veterinary College. It is acclaimed for its focus on life sciences such as agriculture and food science. • Conestoga College has a small campus in Guelph.

Public library system

The original Carnegie library in Guelph. Although a private library had existed since 1832, a public library did not exist in Guelph until 1882, when the Free Libraries Act allowed municipalities to operate libraries. After occupying premises near City Hall, it moved into an Andrew Carnegie-funded building in 1905[12], which was eventually demolished in 1964. The current main branch building was opened in 1965.[13] The Guelph Public Library currently has five branches.

Education
There are two public school boards that operate inside the city. The Upper Grand District School Board administers all of Wellington County, as well as adjacent Dufferin County, while the Wellington Catholic District School

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The Guelph Public Library also serves as the unofficial repository for records created by the City of Guelph.

Guelph
Canada by Frank Valeriote of the Liberal Party of Canada since 2008.

Politics
City Hall

Culture
Historic sites
• Downtown Guelph: Many downtown streets are lined with Victorian era buildings, which are now well over a century old. • Guelph Civic Museum, a museum located near Downtown Guelph. At Guelph Civic Museum one can find pictures, films and other antique materials related to the historic development of the City of Guelph at a 1850- three-story Guelph limestone building.

National Historic Sites
Guelph City Hall at Night, Guelph, ON The city is a single-tier municipality governed by a mayor-council system. The structure of the municipal government is stipulated by the Ontario Municipal Act of 2001. There are currently 12 councillors and a mayor, with 2 councillors representing each of the six wards. The mayor and members of the city council serve four-year terms without term limits, with the next election in November 2010. Prior to the 2006 election, the mayor and city councillors served three-year terms. Guelph City Council is responsible for policy and decision making, monitoring the operation and performance of the city, analyzing and approving budgets and determining spending priorities. In 2006, Karen Farbridge defeated incumbent mayor Kate Quarrie, 51% to 35% along with 8 new City councilors who replaced many of the long-time council members.

Church of Our Lady, above city • Guelph City Hall, a formal, classical civic building; built in 1856-57. • McCrae House, home of John McCrae, author of "In Flanders Fields". • Church of Our Lady Immaculate, a Roman Catholic church, located downtown, is a local landmark.

Legislative Assembly of Ontario
Guelph occupies a single provincial riding of the same name, and is currently represented in the Legislative Assembly of Ontario by Liz Sandals, a member of the ruling Ontario Liberal Party.

Outdoor attractions
Most of the natural attractions of Guelph are located beside the two rivers which pass inside the city, Speed River and Eramosa River. • Guelph Lake • University of Guelph Arboretum • Riverside Park, located beside the Speed River at north of Guelph • York Road Park • Hanlon Creek Park (Preservation Park) • Royal City Park and Wellington Street nature sites

Parliament of Canada
Guelph also occupies a federal riding of the same name, and has been represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of

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Guelph
lower water temperature", increasing oxygen, thus decreasing algae and bacteria.[14]

Arts facilities
The Macdonald Stewart Art Centre serves the community by providing a balanced program of temporary exhibitions of contemporary and historical art, craft and design drawn from regional, national and international sources. As the major public collection in this area, the collection is presented through specialized exhibitions. The Bookshelf Ebar Art Space showcases monthly exhibits of local and regional artists. It functions as Guelph’s main alternative art space located in the downtown core. Ed Video Media Arts Centre is one of Canada’s leading artist-run centres devoted to the proliferation and appreciation of Canadian media art and film, and is the main driving force behind a growing movement of professional filmmakers within the region. Ed Video carries out an ongoing monthly programming schedule of regional and national media art. The River Run Centre, opened in 1997, serves as Guelph’s premier performing arts centre. Encompassing three separate halls (including Canada Company Hall, Co-operators Hall, and the 785-seat Main Stage), River Run has played host to corporate functions, as well as dramatic and musical performances. The Guelph Youth Music Centre is a permanent facility in which Guelph youth can participate in music and arts education and activities. In 1992, the former Heritage Seed Company along the Speed River was purchased by the City of Guelph and turned over to the GYMC under a long-term lease. Following an extensive renovation, GYMC opened their new facility in September 2001. The Centre includes a beautiful 180-seat Recital Hall, a dance studio and 15 rehearsal and teaching studios. The Centre provids a forum for affordable leadership, teaching, rehearsal and performance for hundreds of local music and arts students.

Old flood-control embankment, Gordon St bridge

Riparian restoration • Exhibition Park (the oldest park in Guelph) "OPIRG-Guelph and other community groups have worked, in partnership with the City ... to rehabilitate the local river environment.... Today, the river’s edge is allowed to naturalize, benefiting the environment and saving ... maintenance. The City of Guelph’s River Systems Management Plan is a positive approach to river management [whose] vision is to protect the rivers’ role within the city, by featuring them in urban design, and enhancing and protecting ecological diversity, while providing beneficial uses for the community." Chemical pesticides, herbicides and fertilizers have been abandoned, in an effort of produce a narrow buffer strip within the thirty meter "riparian zone" between the rivers and their surrounding parklands, including river paths. This "provides food, habitat, and a corridor for wildlife, as well as improving water quality by minimizing erosion, acting as a filter and providing shade, to

Music
Music has always played a large part in the lives of people living in Guelph. From a Bell Organ factory to the opera singer Edward Johnson, Guelph has been a source of musical contribution. Today, Guelph is particularly

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Club Guelph Storm Guelph Royals Guelph Gryphons Guelph Regals Guelph Rangers League Ontario Hockey League Intercounty Baseball League Canadian Interuniversity Sport Ontario Lacrosse Association Sport Hockey Venue Sleeman Centre

Guelph
Established Championships 1991 2

Baseball

David E. Hastings Stadium at Exhibition Park (Guelph)

1919

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University W.F. Mitchell Centre 1874 and Alumni Stadium Lacrosse Victoria Road Recre- 1992 ation Centre Centennial Park and circa 1985 Guelph Lake Sports Fields Conestoga College Recreational Centre 2004

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Kitchener Dis- Soccer trict Soccer League

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Conestoga Soccer Guelph Underdogs College Indoor Soccer League SC Greater Hockey Guelph Dominators Ontario Junior Hockey League Guelph Bears Ontario Varsity Football League Football

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Victoria Road Recre- 1963 ation Centre

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John Ross High School and University of Guelph’s Alumni Stadium

1997

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Guelph Gargoyles

Ontario Australian Football League

Australian Magaret Green Park 2001 Football

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notable for its indie rock scene, which has spawned some of Canada’s more notable indie bands, including King Cobb Steelie, Royal City, The Constantines, Jim Guthrie, The Barmitzvah Brothers, Elbow Beach Surf Club, Flashlight Brown, Green Go, The D’Urbervilles and the kramdens. Canadian thrash metal act Razor (band) are from Guelph. Guelph is also home to the Hillside Festival, a hugely popular music festival held at Guelph island during the summer, as well as the Guelph Jazz Festival[15].

Sports teams
Guelph Silvercreeks

The Guelph Storm at home ice in 2006. alternative weekly, two local radio stations, a university radio station, and a community cable channel. All other media, including newspapers and television stations, are

Media
The city of Guelph is served by two main newspapers, two student newspapers, one

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
regionally based, usually from Kitchener or Toronto.

Guelph
plan to upgrade the status to a controlled access Freeway

Transportation
Bus
Guelph Transit provides local transportation around the city. On June 20, 2007 Guelph Transit launched a web-based system known as Next Bus[16]. Global positioning satellites (GPS) technology and advanced computer modeling provide riders via the Internet, handheld devices (including Palms, Blackberries, and Web-capable cellular phones), or their telephones to receive accurate, realtime arrival and departure information. Intercity connections are made at the Guelph Bus Terminal.

Twin Cities
• Loria, Italy

People
Notable people associated with Guelph: • Carla Collins - actress, comedian • Victor Davis - 1984 Olympic gold medalist in the breaststroke • Tim Kingsbury - bassist of the critically acclaimed indie rock band Arcade Fire • Tom King - novelist and broadcaster, English professor at University of Guelph • Neve Campbell - actress, best known for her roles in the "Scream" trilogies, and TV show "Party of Five" • A. J. Casson - member of the Group of Seven artists, lived in Guelph from ages 9 to 14. • Elinor Glyn - Edwardian writer of erotic novels; silent film screenwriter. • James Gordon - Singer and songwriter. • Jean Little - novelist. • John Kenneth Galbraith - economist, alumnus of the Ontario Agricultural College. • Laurie Gough - travel writer • John McCrae - First World War poet. • Robert Munsch - children’s author • Sue Richards - artist • Seth - cartoonist • Jason Turner - cartoonist • Jane Siberry - singer-songwriter, studied at University of Guelph • Luke Kirby - actor, alumnus of Guelph Collegiate Vocational Institute • Lou Fontinato - NHL player • Thomas F. Ryan the inventor of five-pin bowling, grew up in Guelph. • Kirk Maltby a current NHL player playing for the Detroit Red Wings • Krys Barch a current NHL player playing for the Dallas Stars • Gavin Smith - professional poker player • Steven Truscott - Victim of a miscarriage of justice. • Ken Danby - Painter • Mary Swan - novelist • Edeet Ravel - novelist • Ray Scapinello - NHL Linesman and a member of the Hockey Hall of Fame

Rail

Guelph Train Station Guelph was the first municipality in Canada to have its own federally chartered railway, the Guelph Junction Railway. This 16-mile link to the CPR is still municipally owned. VIA Rail provides daily passenger rail service from the railway station to London and Toronto. The Goderich-Exeter Railway and Guelph Junction Railway provide freight service.

Highways
• Highway 401 to Toronto and London. • Highway 7 to Kitchener and Acton. • Highway 6 to Hamilton and Owen Sound. This highway is known as the Hanlon Parkway for most of its length inside the city. The MTO has plans to extend the Hanlon to Kitchener, Ontario, as well they

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
• Scott Driscoll - NHL Linesman and a resident of the south end of Guelph. • Bill McCreary - NHL Official • Charley Fox - Canadian Air Force Flight Lieutenant, shot Field Marshal Erwin Rommel • Charles Kingsmill - admiral and first Director of the Canadian Naval Service (which later became the Royal Canadian Navy) • Rich Peverley - NHL forward for the Atlanta Thrashers • Tommy Reilly - Virtuoso harmonica player • Thomas Christopher Collins - Catholic Archbishop of Toronto

Guelph

Picture Gallery
Autumn view north from covered bridge Church of Our Lady Immaculate

Bust of John Galt outside city hall

Latticecovered wooden footbridge, 1992

A footbridge in Riverside Park.

Osprey above Boathouse, Gordon Eramosa at at rivers fork, from St fork bridge Gordon St bridge

Park dedicated to Marianne Goulden

Early autumn Autumn colours, Holy Prosky over Marianne’s Speed tection River Mother of Park God Ukrainian Catholic Church

References
[1] ^ "Community highlights for Guelph", Community profiles, Statistics Canada, http://www12.statcan.ca/english/ census06/data/profiles/community/

Details/ Page.cfm?Lang=E&Geo1=CSD&Code1=3523008&G retrieved on 2008-12-16. [2] "Community Profile for Wellington", Statistics Canada, http://www12.statcan.ca/english/ census06/data/profiles/community/ Details/ Page.cfm?Lang=E&Geo1=CD&Code1=3523&Geo2= retrieved on 2008-03-18. [3] "Canada’s Best Places to Live", Canadian Business Online, http://www.canadianbusiness.com/ rankings/bestplacestolive/ list.jsp?pageID=profile&profile=39&year=2007&typ retrieved on 2008-03-18. [4] http://guelph.ca/ newsroom_display.cfm?itemID=77378 [5] ^ Stelter, G.A., "Guelph", The Canadian Encyclopedia, http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com/ PrinterFriendly.cfm?Params=A1ARTA0003482, retrieved on 2008-03-18. [6] ^ "History of Guelph", City of Guelph, http://www.guelph.ca/ living.cfm?smocid=1618, retrieved on 2008-03-18. [7] "Statistics for Waterloo Wellington Airport", World Weather Information Service], http://www.theweathernetwork.com, retrieved on November 7 2008. [8] "Canada Votes 2006", CBC.ca, 2006, http://www.cbc.ca/canadavotes/riding/ 134/, retrieved on 2008-03-17. [9] "The Focus on Sectors", City of Guelph, http://www.guelph.ca/ business.cfm?subCatID=1350&smocid=1933, retrieved on 2008-03-17. [10] Craig Manley, Manager of Policy Planning, "Fact Sheet:Population Growth", City of Guelph, http://www.guelph.ca/uploads/PDF/ Fact_population_growth.pdf, retrieved on 2008-03-17. [11] "2001 Community Profiles", Statistics Canada, http://www12.statcan.ca/ english/profil01/CP01/Details/ Page.cfm?Lang=E&Geo1=CMA&Code1=550__&Geo retrieved on 2008-03-17. [12] "Guelph Public Library archival photographs collection", Guelph Public Library, http://www.library.guelph.on.ca/ localhistory/EAD/ review_single_rec.cfm?key=230&tbname=fonds&ref retrieved on 2008-03-18.

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
[13] "Our History", Guelph Public Library, http://www.library.guelph.on.ca/about/ history.cfm, retrieved on 2008-03-17. [14] Signage from Speed River walking path. OPIRG-Guelph is the Ontario Public Interest Research Group-Guelph, organized by students at the University, and involving City and citizens. http://www.opirgguelph.org/index.php0 [15] Guelph Jazz Festival [16] City of Guelph

Guelph

External links
• City of Guelph website • Maps of Guelph streets, attractions, trails, bus routes, truck routes, waste collection, and wards • Facts about Guelph • Guelph Public Library • Guelph Downtown • Wellington County Museum • Black History in Guelph and Wellington County • Guelph Junction Railway

See also
• Monarchy in Ontario

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guelph" Categories: 1827 establishments, Guelph This page was last modified on 10 May 2009, at 02:15 (UTC). All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License. (See Copyrights for details.) Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a U.S. registered 501(c)(3) taxdeductible nonprofit charity. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers

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