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					                     Interior Design 30

                          Module One

                            Lesson Six
                      Decorating a Floor Plan

Interior Design 30              215             Lesson 6
Interior Design 30   216   Lesson 6

           When you have finished working through Lesson Six in
           Interior Design 30, you will be able to:

            identify the benefits of interior design.

            identify and list the many tasks performed by a professional
             interior designer.

            become aware of the skills needed to pursue a career in interior

            learn about several employment situations for a professional
             interior designer.

            recognize the educational requirements needed to practice as a
             professional interior designer.

            recognize the high school courses and experiences that may
             inspire a student to pursue a career in interior design.

            complete a career interest inventory to determine whether
             interior design and related jobs are of interest.

            identify and use the steps involved to prepare a presentation as
             a professional interior designer for a client.

            become aware of the history of interior design as a profession.

            practice being an interior designer by completing a design

Interior Design 30                         217                                 Lesson 6
Lesson Six

Introduction to Lesson Six
Everywhere we go we see the influences of someone who collaborated with others
to design and decorate our spaces. We may enjoy using the interior design process
to change our spaces and express ourselves. Or, we may hire a professional
interior designer to help make our ideas a reality.

We may ask ourselves many questions about the work involved in the interior
design process and about becoming a professional interior designer.

   What are the benefits of interior design?

   What are the skills needed to enjoy the work of being a professional interior

   Are there formal educational programs and standards that must be met by
    someone working as an interior designer?

   Would I be interested in a career in interior design?

Interior Design 30                        218                                 Lesson 6
Interior Design 30   219   Lesson 6
What are the benefits of engaging in the interior design process?

No matter what method we choose to personalize our home and work spaces, we
benefit by using the interior design process. Recall the benefits of interior design
explained in lesson one. Becoming skilled in effective interior design and creating
spaces that are attractive and comfortable add to our personal growth and

When we feel good about our space, we feel good about ourselves. Being able to
control the environment in which we live gives a sense of power and belonging.

When we make our homes or rooms pleasant, attractive, and comfortable we also
may receive approval from others who enjoy being in our space making us feel
good, too.

We all need change in our lives to break monotony. A working knowledge and
understanding of the basics of the interior design process help us to make changes
to our living space.

Interior Design 30                       220                                  Lesson 6
Designing our interior spaces is like creating artwork that is
to be shared and enjoyed on a day-to-day basis. We may
want professional help when designing our interiors. We
could hire a professional interior designer to take care of
changing our existing space, remodeling or renovating our
space, or doing the design work in our new home.
Professional interior designers are trained to interpret our
design ideas and build on them using their expertise.

                              Commercial and institutional interior designers
                              create spaces that many of us encounter on a daily
                              basis, such as schools, malls, hospitals, movie
                              theatres, and the corner store. Residential interior
                              designers may work in a studio, for a furniture
                              company, or other retail outlet. They are hired to
                              practice interior design skills in our homes. Interior
                              designer’s work hours vary; starting salaries may be
                              based on minimum wage plus a commission or a fixed
                              salary depending on the type of employment.

What is the job of an interior designer?

A professional interior designer has the job of creating interiors that suit the needs
and the desires of a client to a particular space. More and more individuals,
businesses, and industries depend on professional designers to create their

Interior designers are more than decorators; they must have a good understanding
of the fundamentals of space planning. They also must have knowledge about the
design of furniture and other furnishings, and, the effects created by colour, texture,
and lighting. In addition to creating attractive and functional interiors, however, they
must also be trained in building construction, building materials, specifications in
writing, technical drawing (blueprints), and business practices.

The broad knowledge required by interior
designers today reflects the demanding role
they play. For example, they may be
approached directly by a client to completely
renovate an old building, a task which may
involve drastic changes to the structure (walls,
foundations, floors) and the layout services
(plumbing, wiring, elevators). Or, they may
work as consultants as part of a larger team
composed of architects and contractors to
construct a building from scratch.

Interior Design 30                        221                                   Lesson 6
After completing training and education programs in interior design, graduates may
find jobs in the offices of interior designers, architects, and manufacturers of the
materials used by the profession (furniture, wall coverings, floor coverings to
mention a few). With experience, they may choose to set up their own practices or
businesses. They may decide to specialize in the types of interiors they most enjoy
designing, such as restaurants, stores, offices, schools, hospitals, residential
homes, or areas of mass transit.

No matter what the project or the employment circumstance, interior designers plan
a design using both creativity and knowledge. They must be able to communicate
visually, work with different personalities, and be insightful. They contact and work
with suppliers, execute a budget, supervise the work, meet deadlines, and budget
their time. They must also successfully meet the design needs of their clients.

An understanding of computers and CADD (Computer-assisted Drafting and
Design) is very important, too. CADD drawings are created before the work is
actually done. The drawings allow both client and interior designer to visualize the
design and discuss changes. There are many software programs that can assist the
person at home, as well as the professional interior designer, to visualize design

Perhaps you are interested in an Internet search to research
interior design software programs.

Interior Design 30                       222                                  Lesson 6
A professional interior designer may be required
to create a coloured drawing that includes
samples or a model of the room complete with
furnishings, materials, and colour samples. A
designer must have the communication skills to
present the ideas in many forms to the clients.

Whatever particular area of specialization
interior designers choose to focus their talents,
they have the satisfaction that they are
enhancing the lives of us all.

You will meet an interior decorator through
reading an article taken from an Internet site
which provides information on Saskatchewan
careers, work, and labour market information.
Interior decorators apply knowledge of the
elements and principles of deign to decorating
interiors. Interior designers must be qualified
through education programs, membership in a
professional organization, and through an
examination process.

                          You may wish to consult the following Internet site to
                          research the variety of jobs related to interior design and
                          home building. The site provides information on
                          Saskatchewan careers, work, and labour market


In Activity A you will respond to questions to learn more about the variety of skills
and personal qualities needed to be an interior decorator.

Interior Design 30                        223                                   Lesson 6
                                                                               Activity A
                                                             Being an Interior Decorator

       As you read about Linda Alberts, a Saskatchewan interior decorator, think about the
       skills and personal qualities needed to enjoy the work of being an interior
       decorator. Be prepared to answer the questions that follow.

          My name is Linda Alberts and I own Decorating Den in Regina. Decorating Den is a franchise
          and it's a mobile interior decorating service and I've bought the company, my company, seven
          years ago.

          I decided to get into this field because it's something that I've always done anyway, and I love
          doing it, and I was ready for a career change and I just saw information about this business and
          the idea appealed to me because it was a service that I could offer to everybody. Because it's a
          mobile service and I go right to your home or office, it suits everyone's lifestyle.

          I think my personality suits something like this. I think I have lots of patience. I think I have a
          creative mind and can visualize, which you need to have in doing this sort of business. I love
          working with people. And I've met such wonderful people and customers have become
          friends. It's really, really a great business. I'm practical, I think. The business part, the business
          books, accounting, that kind of thing is my weak point, that's for sure.

          Even though I'm virtually on my own, I have associates. I work with a whole team of trades
          people and other business people. I've really been fortunate in getting working relationships
          with plumbers, and painters, and electricians. So, I call on those people and we work as a
          team. And I think that's important, I co-ordinate the project so that the customer will call me if
          there's a concern or question, and the tradesmen will call me. That way, they don't have to try
          and track each other down and I know what everybody is doing (sort of) on the project. So, I
          think team work is important in that respect.

          Having a positive attitude is important as well because there are some bad days and you get
          down. And especially working more or less on your own, you think "Why am I doing this?
          What have I done?" and you have to be able to pull yourself out of that.

Interior Design 30                                    224                                               Lesson 6
               Change is a constant in this field. Things are always changing. You have to learn, be
               aware of what's coming on the horizon and what new things are coming out. Also, you
               have to be flexible with your customer because sometimes they can change in mid-
               stream. You go into a home with them with one idea in mind and you sort of focus on
               that and then it may switch. So, you have to be able to make those adjustments.

               Decision making I think is a constant part of owning your own business. Deciding
               whether to buy new samples; deciding what suppliers you're going to go with, deciding
               what advertising you're going to use; what marketing method you're using. Those
               kinds of decisions I think are common to every business.

               I think people skills would be more important in this job than training or experience. I
               think customers will only work with someone, maybe work with lots of people once,
               but they'll only work with someone a second time if they trust them, if they feel
               comfortable with them, if they're listened to, and if they're feeling that they're getting
               their money's worth. All those things are very important to customers and I think
               people skills are what a person needs to have in order for your customer to feel those

               I probably spend my first hour, hour and a half, in the office phoning probably out of
               town, out of province to suppliers and things like that; making, placing orders. I would
               never have more than one appointment per half day because I don't like to rush a
               customer. I always allow at least two hours or more for an appointment. So, I may
               have an appointment in the morning, and I may have another one in the afternoon,
               and I may have a third one in the evening. But that would be the maximum for the day
               and that would be unusual to have three a day. But often I have two a day.

               When I'm not doing appointments I'm either working, running around, picking up,
               dropping off, going to the work room, checking on how orders are doing, placing
               orders, just…every day is different.

               Not having someone who is in the field, in the industry to bounce things off on a one-
               to-one basis is probably the most difficult part, the most challenging part. But I meet
               more and more people in the industry and I have these networking groups, I feel that
               less all the time.

               All the wonderful people I meet as customers and seeing them happy with the project
               that we do, it's…I miss…at the end of a project I try to find ways to keep going back to
               see them because I miss them. They become friends and if the project's done, you
               know, there's no reason for me to go there so I hope that they will call me again. And
               they do. I've been around long enough that I'm getting a lot of repeat business now.
               And so it's great to work with old friends.

               The business plan end of it, make sure you understand that. Make sure you have
               enough financial backing so the cash flow isn't always such a problem. And just believe
               in yourself. I guess if you really want to do it, you'll do it. Just go for it!

            * Note: Linda Alberts retired recently and has closed her business.

Interior Design 30                                  225                                              Lesson 6
(2)    1.      Identify two reasons that Linda Alberts pursued her career change to interior



(3)    2.      Explain how Linda Alberts provides her services in Saskatchewan.

(5)    3.      Provide five reasons that Linda Alberts agrees that the work of an interior
               designer matches her personality.






Interior Design 30                           226                                    Lesson 6
(5)     4.     Identify the skills, discussed by Linda Alberts, needed to be a successful
               interior designer as related to the topics listed below.



               decision making

               people skills

               business plan


Interior Design 30                           227                                      Lesson 6
What type of educational program is necessary to become an
interior designer?

Experiencing successful interior designs may motivate people to pursue further
education and a career in the field of interior design. Pursuing a career in interior
design can be very rewarding and enjoyable. An individual may have good skills
and a very good sense of interior design fundamentals; however, education in a
recognized program is required to practice as a professional interior designer.

It is generally agreed in the profession that a three or four year program is
necessary for the academic training of an interior designer. Many Canadian
community colleges offer a basic program with courses in perception fundamentals
(psychology), interior drawing, interior materials, furniture design, history of art and
furniture, building construction, specification writing, computer technology related to
design, professional practice, and office procedures.

Canadian universities offer complete education programs in interior design that
provide courses in all aspects of interior design. In addition, they provide graduates
with a broader educational experience and in-depth knowledge of interior design.

Whatever the program of study, a trained interior designer must also write a
qualifying exam with the National Council of Interior Designers to qualify for
membership. Saskatchewan interior designers must write a qualifying exam to
register with the Interior Designers Association of Saskatchewan.

                Interior Designers Association of Saskatchewan (IDAS)
                                   105 Langley Street
                           Regina, Saskatchewan S4S 3V7
                              Telephone: (306) 543-6000

You may wish to consult Interior Designers of Canada for
more information about the profession and education
programs in Canada.

Interior Design 30                         228                                  Lesson 6
What courses or high school experiences
may be helpful for a student interested in
pursuing a career in interior design?

Students who enjoy learning about visual art or
feel fulfilled when creating visual artwork may
become interested in interior design. Others who
like to learn about the environment, construction,
and designing spaces may also feel inspired to
pursue a career in interior design. Someone who
likes to work with people, enjoys being helpful,
and assists others in making their environments
more satisfying and empowering, may want to
become involved in interior design as a full-time

High school courses in Psychology, Drafting,
Visual Art, Housing, Interior Design, Drawing,
Computer Technology, Communications,
Entrepreneurship, Life Transitions, Physical
Education, English Language Arts, Design,
Photography, Clothing and Textiles, and many
others may help students to understand some of
the fundamentals involved in interior design and
the design process. Often, when people become
energized by a subject they are studying, they
want to learn more about it. Through the learning
experience, they may discover aspects of their
personality, their interests, and their career

Sometimes, in high school, students are given the
opportunity to complete career tests that help
them to become aware of interests, personal
skills, and qualities that may suggest a particular
career path. Community colleges and university
counselling departments may also offer assistance
in choosing a career through career or personality
testing to help students decide on their plans for
further education.

In Activity B you are given the opportunity to
complete a career interest inventory to see if you
might be interested in a career in interior design,
architecture, or a related field.

Interior Design 30                        229         Lesson 6
                                                                                     Activity B
                                                                     Career Interest Inventory

       What careers interest you? Do you think you would like to be an interior designer
       or an architect?

       Complete the following career interest inventory that may help you to look
       specifically at whether or not a career in interior design or related fields might
       interest you.

        Remember that the inventory is only a guide to career planning. You should not exclude any
        career options, or positively determine that you would be an ideal candidate for a particular
        career based on only one inventory.

(5)    1.        Answer the questions that follow.

            Career Interest Inventory

            Mark a  in the Yes or the No column for each question. There are no right or wrong
            answers. Answer each question honestly, and take as much time as you need. If some
            questions are hard to answer, discuss them with a parent or friend. This quiz will assess
            your interests at this particular moment in your life. Your interests will continue to
            change, so you may want to take this quiz again at a later date.

                                                                                         Yes      No

            1.    Do you like to have a lot of freedom when you do an assignment
                  or a job?                                                             ____     ____

            2.    Do you like to be a leader?                                           ____     ____

            3.    Do you like to finish one job before you start the next?              ____     ____

            4.    Are you generally co-operative?                                       ____     ____

            5.    Do you like to work on projects by yourself?                          ____     ____

            6.    Do you keep your things neat and tidy?                                ____     ____

            7.    Do you enjoy writing poetry or stories?                               ____     ____

            8.    Would you enjoy selling things?                                       ____     ____

            9.    Do you plan carefully before you start to do something?               ____     ____

Interior Design 30                                       230                                        Lesson 6
                                                                                       Yes    No

           10.   Are social activities very important to you?                          ____   ____

           11.   Would you like to work on research projects?                          ____   ____

           12.   Do you like to follow directions carefully?                           ____   ____

           13.   Are you sensitive to your own feelings?                               ____   ____

           14.   Do you usually look on the bright side of things?                     ____   ____

           15.   Do you like to build things and/or repair them?                       ____   ____

           16.   Are you able to explain things clearly to other people?               ____   ____

           17.   When you learn something new, do you often try to find out
                 more about it?                                                        ____   ____

           18.   Do you have clerical ability?                                         ____   ____

           19.   Do you like to create things, for example, inventing gadgets or
                 designing posters?                                                    ____   ____

           20.   Would you describe yourself as being ambitious?                       ____   ____

           21.   Are you uncomfortable when a lot of people pay attention to you?      ____   ____

           22.   Can you discuss difficult subjects with people without hurting
                 their feelings?                                                       ____   ____

           23.   Would you want to work in a science laboratory?                       ____   ____

           24.   When you do a project or another job, do you do it carefully,
                 one step at a time?                                                   ____   ____

           25.   Do you have musical, artistic, or dramatic ability?                   ____   ____

           26.   Do you like speaking in front of a group of people?                   ____   ____

           27.   Do you enjoy working with tools and machinery?                        ____   ____

           28.   Are you able to help people who are upset or worried?                 ____   ____

           29.   Do you read scientific books or magazines?                            ____   ____

           30.   Would you like to prepare letters and written reports?                ____   ____

           31.   When you have been assigned a project or task, do you like to do it
                 differently from most other people?                                   ____   ____

           32.   Are you a person who likes to try new things or experiences?          ____   ____

           33.   Do you see yourself as a practical person?                            ____   ____

           34.   Are you a good listener?                                              ____   ____

           35.   Do you like solving mathematical or chess puzzles?                    ____   ____

Interior Design 30                                      231                                     Lesson 6
                                                                                       Yes    No

           36.   Do you arrange your papers, files, or books in an organized way?      ____   ____

           37.   Do you express your emotions easily?                                  ____   ____

           38.   Do you think you can sell an idea or a product?                       ____   ____

           39.   Do you often take part in sports or athletics?                        ____   ____

           40.   Can you meet new people easily?                                       ____   ____

           41.   Do you dig deeply into topics to satisfy your curiosity or to solve
                 problems?                                                             ____   ____

           42.   Do you see yourself as being calm rather than emotional?              ____   ____

           43.   Are you basically independent?                                        ____   ____

           44.   Are you good at arguing your point of view?                           ____   ____

           45.   Do you think you have mechanical ability?                             ____   ____

           46.   Do you enjoy giving information to other people?                      ____   ____

           47.   Would you rather find out something for yourself than take another
                 person’s word for it?                                                 ____   ____

           48.   Would you like to work at a job where you would operate a computer
                 or other machine?                                                     ____   ____

           49.   Do you have a good imagination?                                       ____   ____

           50.   Would you be interested in organizing a club or another group?        ____   ____

           51.   Would you rather work at a task than socialize with people?           ____   ____

           52.   Would you describe yourself as generous?                              ____   ____

           53.   Are you more of a thinking than an emotional person?                  ____   ____

           54.   Do you enjoy working with numbers?                                    ____   ____

           55.   Are you able to design, invent, or create things?                     ____   ____

           56.   Have you considered starting your own business?                       ____   ____

           57.   Do you like working with your hands, doing things such as plumbing
                 repairs, fixing cars, sewing, or wallpapering?                        ____   ____

           58.   Are you interested in looking after people when they are sick?        ____   ____

           59.   Do you have mathematical abilities?                                   ____   ____

           60.   When you are given a task, do you like to show how well you
                 can do it?                                                            ____   ____

Interior Design 30                                      232                                     Lesson 6
(5)    2.          How to Score the Quiz

                   The Chart below contains 60 numbers, one for each of the questions you
                   have just answered. For every question you answered Yes, mark an X on the
                   corresponding number on the chart below. For example, if you answered
                   Yes for question 1, you should put on X on number 1. Then count the
                   number of Xs on each line. Write that number in the space at the right. The
                   lines with the most Xs are your strongest interest areas.

       Artistic/Creative   1       7      13      19       25     31      37      43      49       55   _____
       Enterprising        2       8      14      20       26     32      38      44      50       56   _____
       Practical           3       9      15      21       27     33      39      45      51       57   _____
       Social              4      10      16      22       28     34      40      46      52       58   _____
       Investigative       5      11      17      23       29     35      41      47      53       59   _____
       Orderly             6      12      18      24       30     36      42      48      54       60   _____

       You enjoy music, art, drama, and literary activities. You are creative. You dislike rules and structures
       and show emotions more openly than most people.

       You enjoy sales, leadership, and management. You like power and status and can use your verbal
       skills to direct and influence others.

       You would rather do things than just socialize. When you run into problems you want concrete
       solutions; you try them out to see if they work. You may feel uncomfortable working out answers in
       theory only.
       You like being with other people and helping them, or maybe doing work that involves others. You
       seek close relationships with people and probably have good interpersonal skills. You may feel
       unhappy when working alone or doing physical jobs.

       You like working with ideas. You analyze and think things through. You prefer to work
       independently. You would rather let others do the persuading to have people accept your ideas.

       You like keeping things tidy, perhaps doing forms and reports in business or economics. You enjoy
       working with details, you have good self-control, and you identify with power, status, and well-
       structured programs.

Interior Design 30                                   233                                             Lesson 6
             Answer the questions in the spaces provided.

(1)          3.       List your first and second highest ranking interest categories.



(2)          4.       Connect your interests to the possible jobs on the career chart which
                      follows. Select your strongest category across the top of the chart, and then
                      select your second strongest category along the side of the chart. Find the
                      intersection of these categories – these jobs should relate to your interests.

                      Now, list four jobs that may interest you in the following spaces.

                      Career Chart

                   Artistic/Creative          Enterprising                 Practical                     Social               Investigative                 Orderly
                                          Choreographer, Artistic   Graphics, Photographer,      Model, Teacher,          Composer, Architect,       Theatre technician,
                                          director, Interior        Sculptor, Photographer’s     Economist, Musician,     Sculptor, Sign writer      Electronics, Props,
 Artistic/                                decorator, Advertising    helper, Sign writer, TV      Actor, Production                                   Costumes, TV and film
 Creative                                 manager, Film             camera operator, Audio-      manager (theatre,                                   technician, Grip,
                                          Producer/director         visual technician, Drafter   film radio, TV)                                     Camera person, Set
                  Film producer, Disc                               Pharmacist, Pharmacy         Museum curator,          Market research            Auctioneer, Buyer,
                  jockey, Announcer,                                assistant, Dietary           Systems analyst,         analyst, Insurance         Manager, Market
                  Baker, Lawyer,                                    assistant, Salesclerk,       Buyer, Auctioneer,       investigator, Private      research analyst, Real
 Enterprising     Craftsperson (arts                                Tradesperson,                Real estate, Sales       investigator, Security,    estate agent, Sales
                  and crafts), Working                              Carpenter/                   manager                  Quality control            agent, Insurance
                  chef, Interior                                    plumber                                                                          inspector
                  Furniture refinisher,   Plumber, Roofer, Small                                 Taxi driver, Meat        Welder, Grounds            Dental hygienist,
                  Cook, Painter,          engine mechanic,                                       cutter, Kitchen          keeper, Iron worker,       Driller, Lather, Truck
                  Cabinetmaker,           Animal breeder,                                        helper, Server, Chef,    Small engine               driver, Letter carrier,
 Practical        Mould maker, Photo      Mechanic                                               Baker, Police officer    mechanic, Jeweller,        Maintenance, Motor
                  engineer, Printer,                                                                                      Appliance service          mechanic, Packager,
                  Baker                                                                                                   person, Radio and TV       Assembler,
                                                                                                                          technician                 Construction labourer
                  Flying instructor,      Counsellor, Dietician,    Childcare worker,                                     Community                  Orderly, Community
                  Minister, Priest,       Home economist, Host      Employment counsellor,                                organization worker,       organization worker,
 Social           Rabbi, Speech           restaurant, Driving       Orderly, Nurses’ aid,                                 Social worker,             Cashier, Server,
                  therapist, Preschool    instructor,               Waiter                                                Sociologist, Probation     Nurses’ aid, Waiter,
                  teacher, Teacher,       Employment                                                                      officer, Police officer    Host, Probation officer,
                  Childcare worker        counsellor                                                                                                 Police officer
                  Doctor, Chemist, Law    Pharmacist,               Electronics technician,      Doctor, Optometrist,                                Work processor,
                  clerk, Taxidermist,     Optometrist, Electronic   Camera repair person,        Psychologist, Social                                Camera repairperson,
 Investigative    Mathematician,          technician, Lawyer,       Chemical lab technician,     worker, Librarian,                                  Lawyer, Law clerk,
                  Scientist Researcher    Chemical lab              Computer operator,           Veterinarian, Order                                 Librarian, Instrument
                                          technician, Inventor      Geological technician        processor/picker                                    repairer
                  Administrative          Hotel clerk, Stock        Coding clerk, Keypunch       Switchboard              Clerk typist, Methods
                  assistant, Library      clerk, Travel agent,      operator, Order filler,      operator, Travel         analyst, Travel agent,
 Orderly          technician, Drafter,    Sewing machine            Bank teller, Sewing          agent, Receptionist,     Bookkeeper,
                  Computer                operator                  machine operator,            Library, Credit clerk,   Accounting clerk, Stock
                  programmer,                                       Business machine             Bookkeeper               clerk
                  Designer                                          operator

Interior Design 30                                                         234                                                                      Lesson 6
(4)    5.      a.     What were your rankings in the following categories?



               b.     What might these rankings tell you about your interest in a career as
                      an interior designer?

(4)    6.      If the ranking was not high in the categories in interior design, then, perhaps
               the interests you ranked higher may have included careers that were related
               to interior design, such as architecture, drafting or design. Explain if this
               applies to your inventory results and how.
               If your rankings showed a high interest in interior design, what aspects of
               this career would you most enjoy?

(4)    7.      Discuss your response and reaction to the information provided to you in
               your results for the career interest inventory.


Interior Design 30                           235                                     Lesson 6
What is the history of interior design as a profession?

Interior design as a discipline, subject of study, or career is relatively new. An
American, Candace Wheeler, wrote an article entitled “Interior Decoration as a
Profession for Women” published in 1890. An American actress, Elsie de Wolfe, is
credited with being the first decorator with the greatest influence on the profession.
Today, many men and women in countries all over the world are professional
interior designers.

                       The interior “decorator” of the early twentieth century was
                       primarily concerned with producing fashionable interiors by
                       selecting draperies, wall and floor coverings, and furnishings.
                       Up until the 1950s only the well-to-do could afford the services
                       of an interior “decorator.” After World War II there was a growth
                       in commercial enterprise, a population explosion, a building
                       boom, and growth in an affluent middle-class in America. By
                       the 1970s the expertise of interior designers was evident in all
                       physical spaces with which we come in contact.

Today, decorating interior spaces is just one aspect of the profession. The Interior
Design Educators Council provides this definition of an interior designer.

     The professional interior designer is a person qualified by education, experience, and
     examination, who
     1. identifies, researches, and creatively solves problems pertaining to the function and
        quality of the interior environment;
     2. performs services relative to interior spaces, including programming, design analysis,
        space planning, and aesthetics, using specialized knowledge of interior construction,
        building codes, equipment, materials, and furnishings; and
     3. prepares drawings and documents relative to the design of interior spaces in order to
        enhance and protect the health, safety, and welfare of the public.

In June of 1997 the Government of Saskatchewan passed legislation protecting the
use of the title “Interior Designer”; the Interior Designers Act states that no person
other than a registered member of the Interior Design Association of Saskatchewan
(IDA) shall use the title “Interior Designer.”

If you are interested in learning more about the Interior
Design Association of Saskatchewan you may wish to
consult their web site. You will find valuable information
about membership, the definition of interior design, and
educational programs in Canada and the United States.

Interior Design 30                              236                                           Lesson 6
Here is a listing of some of the educational programs in Interior Design.

               Saskatchewan Institute of Applied Arts and Technologies
               Architectural and Interior Technolgies
               Regina, SK

               Northern Alberta Institute of Technology
               Interior Design Technology
               Edmonton, AB

               University of Manitoba
               Bachelor of Interior Design
               Winnipeg, MB

               Lakeland College
               Diploma Interior Design (Assistant)
               Vermilion, AB

               Kwantlen University College
               Bachelor of Applied Design in Interior Design
               Richmond, BC

               Ryerson University
               Bachelor of Applied Arts (Interior Design)
               Toronto, ON

               Humber College
               Diploma of Interior Design
               Etobicoke, ON

Interior Design 30                           237                            Lesson 6
                                                                      Activity C
                                                     Careers in Interior Design

       Respond to the questions below about the differences between being an interior
       designer and a design consultant. You will need to do research on your own to find
       out these answers.

(2)    1.      Indicate the educational requirements of being an interior designer and a
               design consultant.

               • interior designer:

               • design consultant:

(5)    2.      Discuss the aim of interior design and how the goal is achieved.

(4)    3. Discuss one way you might find out if you would like to be an interior designer or
          a design consultant.

Interior Design 30                          238                                     Lesson 6
(4)    5.      Explain how interior design in a home is like set design on a movie.

(5)    6.      Define creativity and visual excitement. Einstein said, “Creativity is as
               important as knowledge.” Relate the meaning of Einstein’s quotation to
               interior design.


               visual excitement:

               Einstein and interior design:


Interior Design 30                             239                                    Lesson 6
How does Interior Design 30 provide the experience of being a
professional interior designer?

In earlier lessons you learned about the elements and principles of design and how
they are the fundamentals of practicing interior design. In later lessons, you are
given an opportunity to find out about furniture arranging and how to create a floor

Through watching video clips, you will meet several professionals who work with
interior designers in selecting windows and doors, window treatments, wall and floor
coverings, lighting, and accessories. In several lessons you are required to work on
little projects where you experience some of the many tasks performed by a
professional interior designer. For example, in Lesson Seven, you create window
treatments for an imaginary client or you may choose to research potential suppliers
who might install windows for an imaginary client living in your particular community.

In Lesson Nine you not only learn how to create a floor plan and identify furniture
styles, but also learn how to assess the effectiveness of the arrangement of
furniture. You may need to change the arrangement or select additional pieces of
furniture to suit the space.

Your experiences throughout Lessons Seven to Ten will enable you to become
familiar with the work of a professional interior designer. They will prepare you for
the work required in a major interior design project explained in this lesson, but
completed in Lessons Seven to Eleven.

Read the description of this major project to see how you will use your skills and
knowledge gained throughout the course. You will create a presentation of your
design for an interior for a particular client.

     What is entailed in my major interior design project?

     You will use your skills and knowledge in interior design to create an
     interior design for presentation to a potential client. Your major interior
     design project is due for submission in Assignment Eleven. Lessons
     Seven through Ten will help you make decisions and collect samples
     and materials to complete the major interior design project. In Lesson
     Eleven you will work through steps to complete and compile your major
     interior design project.

     You will submit your project in Assignment Eleven.

     Read through the steps and select your client.

Interior Design 30                        240                                      Lesson 6
Major Interior Design Project

Create an interior design plan for an interior (a total
design rather than a renovation project) of a
particular given client or a client you may create
(based on a real person or someone imaginary who
lives in your community). Use the following

   Draw a floor plan to scale on graph paper. You will use architectural
    symbols to indicate windows, doors, lighting fixtures, and so on. The interior
    will have a particular design feature to consider. For example, your client
    may have an original Monet painting done in blues and pinks that is to be
    featured on one wall.

   Draw the arrangement of furniture; indicate the accessories and the lighting
    on your floor plan. Picture samples or coloured drawings are also required
    for each of these.

   Design the window treatments and provide a small coloured drawing, and,
    perhaps, include a fabric sample, to show your treatment ideas for each
    window in the room (the room must have at least one window).

   Your project must also indicate your choice of wall and floor coverings.
    Include samples.

     How do I submit my major interior design project?

     The parts of your project will be compiled throughout the activities in
     Lesson Eleven. Your major interior design project will show the floor plan
     drawn to scale including the furniture arrangement.

     You are required to submit explanations of your ideas, justifying your
     choices in each of the window treatments, wall and floor coverings,
     accessories, furniture style, and lighting. You will explain your colour
     scheme, include samples, and provide additional helpful information that
     you would tell to your client at the time of the presentation.

Interior Design 30                         241                                 Lesson 6
                     floor plan                and                        explanations
                                                                          and samples

                                                     Lesson Eleven:
                                                     Activities B, C, D, E, F

You are encouraged and invited to talk to your Interior Design 30 teacher about
any concerns, questions, or insights about your major project. Dialogue with your
teacher in the planning stages will help to make the interior design process used in
the major project much less stressful for you.

                      Choose your client in this lesson.
   Apply your learning in Lessons Seven through Ten to your major interior
 design project. Compile and submit the major project in Assignment Eleven.

Interior Design 30                       242                                       Lesson 6
How do I choose a client for my major interior design project?

Choose your client from the list given below. Numbers 1-7 describe specific clients
and particular spaces. In the number 8 position you create a client and set the
parameters of their needs. Read the list of clients presented and be prepared to
explore your client’s needs in the assignment section of this lesson.

You will be given the size of the room(s) based on length and width. In some cases
you are told the type of window in the room and the location of the doorway.

       Projects for Clients

       1. the formal living room of an elderly couple living in a high
          rise apartment building

           They have a large painting (1 yard × 1 ½ yards) of an outdoor
           forest scene painted by Ernest Lindner, a Saskatchewan artist.
           The painting is done mostly in greens and browns. They wish
           to hang the painting on the north wall. The living room is small
           and has a large picture window on the west wall. The doorway
           is on the south wall. The size of the room is 16 feet long and 12
           feet wide.

       2. a child’s upstairs bedroom

           The bedroom has a window on the south wall. There is a desk
           against the west wall. The wall behind the desk is to be the
           focal point of the design. The doorway is on the east wall. The
           size of the room is 12 feet long and 12 feet wide.

       3. the living room in a bungalow of a young farming couple

           The living room is rectangular and in one corner of their
           bungalow. They want to feature the south wall next to the front
           door that is not used much. The entrance area by the door may
           have a different floor covering than in the living room. The west
           wall has a cathedral-style window. The east wall is a short half
           wall with a large opening to the dining room. The room is 18
           feet long and 16 feet wide.

Interior Design 30                        243                                  Lesson 6
       4. a family room in the basement of an older two-storey home
          belonging to a couple with three young children and a dog

           The family room has cement walls that may be built over or
           covered. The room is long and narrow with three small
           windows; one is on the north wall and two are on the west wall.
           One area is for exercising on a treadmill and the other part of
           the room contains an entertainment centre. The doorway is
           about halfway on the east wall. The room is 22 feet long and 16
           feet wide.

       5. a room in the basement used by the members of a family as
          a sewing room and a room for practicing guitar and

           The room is fairly small and it is situated beside a teenager’s
           bedroom, which is also downstaris. They share the east wall. A
           small window on the north wall lets in a little light. The doorway
           is on the south wall. The room is 9 feet long and 12 feet wide.

       6. a family room used often by a family with four teenagers

           The room features a stone fireplace on the west wall. The walls
           on either side of the fireplace need special consideration. This
           is a large room with garden doors on the north wall leading out
           to the back deck. The doorway to the room is on the south wall.
           The size of the room is 20 feet long and 16 feet wide.

Interior Design 30                        244                                   Lesson 6
       7. a combined U-shaped kitchen area and a rectangular dining
          room area used by a ranch family with two children and
          several dogs

           There is no wall between the kitchen and dining area – only a
           row of bottom cupboards. The row of cupboards becomes the
           east wall of the kitchen and the west wall of the dining area.
           The west wall of the kitchen has a doorway that leads to the
           mud room. On the north wall of the kitchen is a small window
           and on the north wall of the dining area is a medium-sized bay
           window. On the east wall of the dining area is a large archway
           into the living room. The size of the room is 20 feet long by 25
           feet wide.

       8. your choice

           You may decide that you know someone or can imagine a client
           with an interior design project. Perhaps, you have a project of
           your own in mind. You may choose to work on this project as
           your major interior design project. However, this project must
           fulfill certain criteria.

           •   You must work on a total design rather than a one-part
           •   The room must have at least one window in it.

          The major interior design project is compiled and completed
                               in Lesson Eleven.

Before beginning your project in Lesson Eleven, you will also learn how to evaluate
your design presentation. You may wish to look at the evaluation form provided in
Lesson Eleven to familiarize yourself with the assessment or evaluation process that
will be used to grade your work.

Interior Design 30                        245                                 Lesson 6
                                                                        Lesson Six

        benefits of interior design                professional interior
         feel good
         control the environment                     academic qualificaitons
         approval from others                        qualifying examination
         break monotony                              career interest inventory
                                                     high school courses
        kinds of interior designers
                                                    history of interior design
         commercial or institutional
                                                    interior design experience
        characteristics of the interior             major interior design project
         creative planner
         knowledgeable about design
         effective communicator
         psychological insight
         works well with diverse
         meets deadlines
         visual communication skills
         effective decision maker
         organizational and record-
            keeping skills
         business ability
         enthusiastic attitude

Interior Design 30                         246                                       Lesson 6
              Key Words and Phrases in Lesson Six

Can you find each of the following terms in Lesson Six?

Do you know what each term means?

 architect                                        IDA
 benfits of interior design                       interior “decorator”
 blueprints                                       interior designer
 break monotony                                   manufacturer
 budget                                           presentation drawing
 CADD                                             remodel
 career interest inventory                        renovate
 client                                           residential interior designer
 commercial interior designer                     to scale
 community college                                university
 contractor                                       visual communication
 control the environment                          work schedule
 furniture arrangement

Interior Design 30                          247                                   Lesson 6

Description: Interior Design Consultant Toronto Business document sample