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Lisa Simpson

Lisa Simpson
The Simpsons character

Lisa Simpson Gender Job Relatives Female Student Parents: Homer and Marge Siblings: Bart and Maggie Grandparents: Abraham Simpson, Mona Simpson and Jacqueline Bouvier Aunts: Patty and Selma Bouvier
(See also Simpson family)

Voice actor

Yeardley Smith

First appearance Ullman shorts The Simpsons "Good Night" (1987) "Simpsons Roasting on an Open Fire" (1989)

Lisa Marie Simpson is a fictional main character in the animated television series The Simpsons. She is the middle child, and elder daughter, of the eponymous family. She is voiced by Yeardley Smith and first appeared on television in The Tracey Ullman Show short "Good Night" on April 19, 1987. Lisa was created and designed by cartoonist Matt Groening while he was waiting in the

lobby of James L. Brooks’s office. Groening had been called to pitch a series of shorts based on Life in Hell but instead decided to create a new set of characters. He named the character after his younger sister Lisa Groening. After appearing on The Tracey Ullman Show for three years, the Simpson family got their own series on Fox, which debuted December 17, 1989. At eight years of age, Lisa is the middle child of the Simpson family and elder daughter of Homer and Marge, younger sister of Bart and elder sister of Maggie. She is highly intelligent, plays the saxophone, has been a vegetarian since the seventh season, has been a Buddhist since season thirteen and supports a number of different causes. She has appeared in other media relating to The Simpsons – including video games, The Simpsons Movie, The Simpsons Ride, commercials and comic books – and inspired an entire line of merchandise. Yeardley Smith originally tried out for the role of Bart, while Bart’s voice actor Nancy Cartwright tried out for Lisa. Cartwright found that the character was not interesting at the time, so instead auditioned for Bart, and Smith’s voice was too high for a boy, so she was given the role of Lisa. Because of her unusual pointed hair style, many animators consider Lisa the most difficult character to draw. In The Tracey Ullman Show shorts, Lisa was more of a "female Bart" and was equally mischievous, but as the series progressed, she became a more emotional and intellectual character. Lisa is one of the most enduring characters on the series. TV Guide ranked her eleventh (tied with Bart) on their list of the "Top 50 Greatest Cartoon Characters of All Time". Yeardley Smith won a Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Voice-Over Performance in 1992. Lisa’s environmentalism has been well received; several episodes featuring her have won Genesis and Environmental Media Awards, including a special "Board of Directors Ongoing Commitment Award" in 2001, and PETA included her on their list of the "Most Animal-Friendly TV Characters of All Time". In 2000, Lisa, along with the rest

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of her family, was awarded a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.

Lisa Simpson
of animated shorts for The Tracey Ullman Show and had intended to present an adaptation of his Life in Hell comic strip. When he realized that animating Life in Hell would require him to rescind publication rights, Groening decided to go in another direction,[11] and he hurriedly sketched out his version of a dysfunctional family, naming the characters after members of his own family. Lisa was named after Groening’s younger sister.[12] Lisa made her debut with the rest of the Simpson family on April 19, 1987 in The Tracey Ullman Show short "Good Night".[13] In 1989, the shorts were adapted into The Simpsons, a half-hour series airing on the Fox Broadcasting Company. Lisa and the Simpson family remained the main characters on this new show.[14]

Role in The Simpsons
The Simpsons uses a floating timeline in which the characters do not physically age, and as such the show is generally assumed to be set in the current year. In several episodes, events have been linked to specific time periods, although this timeline has been contradicted in subsequent episodes.[1] Lisa’s year of birth was stated in "Lisa’s First Word" (season four, 1992) as being in 1984 during the Summer Olympics.[2] The episode "That 90’s Show" (season 19, 2007), however, contradicted much of the established backstory; for example, it was revealed that Homer and Marge were childless in the early 1990s.[3] Lisa is eight years old.[4] Lisa is a great music fan, best evidenced by her proficiency with the saxophone and her relationship with musician Bleeding Gums Murphy, whom she regards as both a friend and an idol. Murphy was the only one able to pull Lisa out of her depression in "Moaning Lisa", (season one, 1990)[5] and she was deeply saddened by his death in "’Round Springfield". (season six, 1995)[6] Lisa has had relationships with several boys, including Ralph Wiggum in "I Love Lisa", (season four, 1993)[7] Nelson Muntz in "Lisa’s Date with Density" (season eight, 1996)[8] and Colin in The Simpsons Movie. (2007)[9] Milhouse Van Houten also has a crush on her, and on many occasions has dropped none-too-subtle hints about his feelings, but has been unsuccessful at developing a relationship with her.[8] Lisa is the most intellectual member of the Simpson family, and many episodes of the series focus on her fighting for various causes. Lisa is generally used as the main character in episodes with "a real moral or philosophical point," which according to former writer David S. Cohen is because "you really buy her as caring about it."[10]

Design

This image illustrates how to draw Lisa’s head and hairline using the "three-three-two arrangement". The entire Simpson family was designed so that they would be recognizable in silhouette.[15] The family was crudely drawn, because Groening had submitted basic sketches to the animators, assuming they would clean them up; instead, they just traced over his drawings.[11] Lisa’s physical features are generally not used in other characters; for example, in the later seasons, no character

Character
Creation
Matt Groening first conceived Lisa and the rest of the Simpson family in 1986 in the lobby of producer James L. Brooks’s office. Groening had been called in to pitch a series

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other than Maggie shares her hairline.[16] While designing Lisa, Groening "couldn’t be bothered to even think about girls’ hair styles".[17] At the time, Groening was primarily drawing in black and white and when designing Lisa and Maggie, he "just gave them this kind of spiky starfish hair style, not thinking that they would eventually be drawn in color".[18] To draw Lisa’s head and hair, most of the animators use what they refer to as the "three-three-two arrangement". They draw a sphere, with intersecting curving lines (one vertical, one horizontal) in the middle to indicate her eyeline. They take the middle line running vertically and continue the line outside of the sphere to draw one hair point, then two more going towards the back of her head. Afterward, they add three more points in front (in the direction Lisa is facing), then three more behind it.[19] Several animators that have worked on the show, including Pete Michels and David Silverman, consider Lisa the most difficult character to draw.[20] Silverman explains that it is because "her head is so abstract" due to her hair style.[17]

Lisa Simpson

Voice actress Yeardley Smith too high. Smith later recalled "I always sounded too much like a girl, I read two lines as Bart and they said, ’Thanks for coming!’"[24][25] Smith was given the role of Lisa instead, although she almost turned it down.[26] In order to perform the voice, Smith lifts her voice up a little.[27] Lisa is the only regular character voiced by Smith, although in some earlier episodes she provided some of Maggie’s squeaks and occasional speaking parts.[28] Smith has only voiced characters other than Lisa on very rare occasions, with those characters usually being some derivative of Lisa, such as Lisa Bella in "Last Tap Dance in Springfield" (season 11, 2000) and Lisa, Jr. in "Missionary: Impossible". (season 11, 2000)[29] Despite the fame of her character, Smith is rarely recognized in public, which she does not mind, describing it as "wonderful."[30] Smith received a Primetime Emmy Award in 1992 but felt it was not worth anything, saying "there’s part of me that feels it wasn’t even a real Emmy." This is because the Emmy for Outstanding Voice-Over Performance is a Creative Arts award and is not voted on by the regular Emmy voters and not handed out during the primetime telecast.[26] Smith, however, says "if I had to be associated with one character in fiction, I will always be thrilled that it was Lisa Simpson."[26] Until 1998, Smith was paid $30,000 per episode. During a pay dispute in 1998, Fox threatened to replace the six main voice actors with new actors, going as far as preparing for casting of new voices.[31] The dispute was soon resolved, and she received $125,000 per episode until 2004 when the voice actors demanded that they be paid

Voice
While the roles of Homer and Marge were given to Dan Castellaneta and Julie Kavner because they were already a part of the Tracey Ullman Show cast,[21] the producers decided to hold casting for the roles of Bart and Lisa. Nancy Cartwright originally auditioned for the role of Lisa. Upon arriving at the audition, however, she discovered that the character was simply described as the "middle child" and did not have much personality.[22] Cartwright instead auditioned for the role of Bart believing that the role was better for her.[23] Cartwright recalls "with the brilliant wit of the writers and the wry, in-your-eye, honest-to-a-fault interpretation, Yeardley Smith has made Lisa a bright light of leadership, full of compassion and competence beyond her years. Lisa Simpson is the kind of child we not only want our children to be, but also the kind of child we want all children to be. But, at the time, on The Tracey Ullman Show, she was just an animated eight-year-old kid who had no personality."[22] Yeardley Smith had initially been asked to audition for the role of Bart but casting director Bonita Pietila believed her voice was

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$360,000 an episode.[31] The issue was resolved a month later,[32] and Smith earned $250,000 per episode.[33] After salary re-negotiations in 2008, the voice actors receive approximately $400,000 per episode.[34]

Lisa Simpson
and would not revert back the next week. The trait stayed and is one of the few permanent character changes made in the show.[39]

Development

Personality
[Lisa is] a good soul. I love that she is so compassionate. She is wise beyond her years. She has remarkable optimism, despite the fact that she’s disappointed so often. —Yeardley Smith [40] Lisa is highly intelligent and sees herself as a misfit within the Simpson family due to her intelligence and liberal beliefs. Lisa’s knowledge covers a wide range of subjects, from astronomy to medicine, and is notably more concerned with world affairs than her life in Springfield.[41] Although her rebellion against social normalities is usually depicted as constructive and heroic, Lisa can be selfrighteous at times. In "Lisa the Vegetarian", her increasing sense of moral righteousness regarding her vegetarianism leads her to disrupt a "meat-based" barbecue prepared by Homer, an act she comes to rue.[42] In "Bart Star", (season nine, 1997) she triumphantly declares that she, a girl, would like to join the football team. When it is revealed that there are already girls on the team, she expresses distaste for a sport that uses balls made of pig’s skin, but is informed that footballs are synthetic and that proceeds of the balls are donated to Amnesty International. At a loss for words, Lisa runs off visibly upset.[43] She is often embarrassed and disapproving of her eccentric family: of her father’s poor parenting skills and buffoonish personality; her mother’s stereotyped image and inability to recognize social abnormalities; and her brother’s delinquent and low-brow nature. She is also concerned that Maggie may grow up to be like the rest of the family and is seen trying to teach her complex ideas. In the end, however, she is very loyal to her family, most clearly seen in the flashforward "Lisa’s Wedding", which deals with her concerns with introducing them to her cultured future fiancé.[44] In the episode "Mother Simpson" (season seven, 1995) she meets her paternal grandmother Mona Simpson for the first time.[45] Mona is also well-read and articulate, and the writers had

Lisa in her first televised appearance in "Good Night" In The Tracey Ullman Show shorts, Lisa was more of a "female Bart" and was equally mischievous.[35] As the series progressed, Lisa began to develop into a more intelligent and more emotional character with "Krusty Gets Busted" (season one, 1990) being one of the first episodes where her true intelligence is fully shown.[36] Many episodes focusing on Lisa have an emotional nature, the first one being "Moaning Lisa". (season 1, 1990) The idea for the episode was pitched by James L. Brooks, who had wanted to do an emotional episode where Lisa is sad because the show had done a lot of "jokey episodes".[37] The episode "Lisa the Vegetarian" (season seven, 1995) saw Lisa permanently become a vegetarian, making her one of the first primetime television characters to become one.[38] The episode was written by David S. Cohen (in his first solo writing credit) who jotted down the idea one day while eating lunch. Then-executive producer David Mirkin, who at that point had recently become a vegetarian, quickly approved the idea. Several of Lisa’s experiences in the episode are based on what Mirkin went through when he became a vegetarian. The episode guest stars musician Paul McCartney, who is a vegetarian and animal rights activist. McCartney’s condition for appearing was that Lisa would remain a vegetarian for the rest of the series

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used the character as a way to explain some of the show’s puzzles, such as where Lisa’s intelligence came from.[46] In "Homer’s Enemy", (season eight, 1997) it is mentioned that Lisa has an IQ of 156[47] and in "They Saved Lisa’s Brain" (season ten, 1999) she becomes a member of Mensa Springfield.[48] When unable to attend school due to a teachers’ strike in "The PTA Disbands", (season six, 1995) she suffered a sort of "school withdrawal", going as far as desperately asking Marge to give her a grade.[49] Lisa occasionally worries that her family’s dull habits will rub off on her, and in "Lisa the Simpson" she believes that her family’s "Simpson gene" will start to make her less intelligent. It is later revealed that the gene is on the Y chromosome and thus only men are affected.[50] Lisa also deeply values her integrity, as demonstrated when she cheats on a test about the novel The Wind in the Willows to attain her highest grade of A+++, but she later admits her dishonesty to an unreceptive Principal Skinner and selfgrades her test as an F.[51] Despite her high intelligence, Lisa does have typical childhood issues, sometimes requiring adult intervention. For example, in "Lost Our Lisa", she tricks Homer into allowing her to ride the bus alone, only to become hopelessly lost.[52] Lisa’s political convictions are generally socially liberal. She is a vegetarian, feminist, environmentalist and a supporter of the Free Tibet movement.[53] While still supportive of the Christian church in which she was raised, Lisa became a practicing Buddhist following her decision to follow the Noble Eightfold Path.[54] She also supports the theory of Darwinism and evolution, calling Darwin "one of the greatest minds" of all time, as seen in the episode, "The Monkey Suit". (season 17, 2006)[55] There have been several instances where Lisa has used extreme measures to get her point across, such as throwing paint on Krusty the Clown for wearing a fur coat.[56]

Lisa Simpson

In 2000, Lisa, along with the rest of the Simpson family, was awarded a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. Ongoing Commitment".[59] Several other episodes that feature Lisa speaking out in favor of animal rights have won Genesis Awards, including "Whacking Day" in 1994,[60][61] "Bart Gets an Elephant" in 1995,[62][63][64] and "Million Dollar Abie", which won the "Sid Caesar Comedy Award" in 2007.[65] In 2004, animal rights organization PETA included Lisa on their list of the "Most Animal-Friendly TV Characters of All Time".[38] Lisa was also listed at number 11 (in the same entry as Bart) in TV Guide’s "Top 50 Greatest Cartoon Characters of All Time."[66] Yeardley Smith has won several awards for voicing Lisa, including a Primetime Emmy Award for "Outstanding Voice-Over Performance" in 1992 for "Lisa the Greek".[67] Various episodes in which Lisa is strongly featured have won Emmy Awards for Outstanding Animated Program, including "Homer vs. Lisa and the 8th Commandment" in 1991, "Lisa’s Wedding" in 1995 and "HOMR" in 2001.[67] In 2000, Lisa and the rest of the Simpson family were awarded a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame located at 7021 Hollywood Boulevard.[68] In Japan, the broadcasters of the series found they were able to turn the apparent viewer dislike of the series around by focusing marketing attention on Lisa. Lisa’s wellintended but ill-fated struggles to be a voice of reason and a force of good in her family and city struck a chord with the Japanese.[69]

Reception
Lisa’s environmentalism has been well received. In 2001 Lisa received a special "Board of Directors Ongoing Commitment Award" at the Environmental Media Awards.[57] "Lisa the Vegetarian" won both an Environmental Media Award for "Best Television Episodic Comedy"[58] and a Genesis Award for "Best Television Comedy Series,

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Lisa Simpson
[8] ^ "Lisa’s Date with Density". Scully, Mike; Dietter, Susie. The Simpsons. Fox. 1996-12-15. No. 07, season 08. [9] (2007). The Simpsons Movie [Film]. 20th Century Fox. [10] Cohen, David S.; Groening, Matt; Meyer, George; Michels, Pete; Scully, Mike; Smith; Yeardley. (2005). Commentary for "Lisa the Skeptic", in The Simpsons: The Complete Seventh Season [DVD]. 20th Century Fox. [11] ^ BBC. (2000). ’The Simpsons’: America’s First Family (6 minute edit for the season 1 DVD) (DVD). UK: 20th Century Fox. [12] Rose, Joseph (2007-08-03), "The real people behind Homer Simpson and family", The Oregonian, http://seattletimes.nwsource.com/html/ entertainment/ 2003818762_realsimpsons030.html, retrieved on 2008-01-19. [13] Richmond, p. 14 [14] Kuipers, Dean (2004-04-15), "’3rd Degree: Harry Shearer’", Los Angeles: City Beat, http://www.lacitybeat.com/ cms/story/detail/ ?id=568&IssueNum=32, retrieved on 2008-09-21. [15] Groening, Matt. (2005). Commentary for "Fear of Flying", in The Simpsons: The Complete Sixth Season [DVD]. 20th Century Fox. [16] Groening, Matt; Reiss, Mike; Kirkland, Mark. (2002). Commentary for "Principal Charming", in The Simpsons: The Complete Second Season [DVD]. 20th Century Fox. [17] ^ Silverman, David; Reardon, Jim; Groening, Matt. (2005). Illustrated commentary for "Treehouse of Horror V", in The Simpsons: The Complete Sixth Season [DVD]. 20th Century Fox. [18] Groening, Matt. (2006). "A Bit From the Animators", illustrated commentary for "All Singing, All Dancing", in The Simpsons: The Complete Ninth Season [DVD]. 20th Century Fox. [19] Archer, Wes; Groening, Matt; Kirkland, Mark. (2005). "A Bit From the Animators", illustrated commentary for "Summer of 4 Ft. 2", in The Simpsons: The Complete Seventh Season [DVD]. 20th Century Fox. [20] Michels, Pete. (2006). "A Bit From the Animators", illustrated commentary for

Merchandising
Lisa has been included in many The Simpsons publications, toys, and other merchandise. The Lisa Book, about Lisa’s personality and attributes, was released in 2006 and is commercially available.[70] Other merchandise includes dolls, posters, figurines, bobblehead dolls, mugs, and clothing such as slippers, T-shirts, baseball caps, and boxer shorts.[71] Lisa has appeared in commercials for Burger King, Butterfinger, C.C. Lemon and Ramada Inn. Lisa has appeared in other media relating to The Simpsons. She has appeared in every one of The Simpsons video games, including The Simpsons Game, released in 2007.[72] Alongside the television series, Lisa regularly appears in issues of Simpsons Comics, which were first published on November 29, 1993 and are still issued monthly.[73][74] Lisa also plays a role in The Simpsons Ride, launched in 2008 at Universal Studios Florida and Hollywood.[75] On April 9, 2009, the United States Postal Service unveiled a series of five 44 cent stamps featuring Lisa and the four other members of the Simpson family. They are the first characters from a television series to receive this recognition while the show is still in production.[76] The stamps, designed by Matt Groening, were made available for purchase on May 7, 2009.[77][78]

Notes
[1] Turner, pp. 78-79 [2] "Lisa’s First Word". Martin, Jeff; Kirkland, Mark. The Simpsons. Fox. 1992-12-03. No. 10, season 04. [3] "That 90’s Show". Selman, Matt; Kirkland, Mark. The Simpsons. Fox. 2008-01-27. No. 11, season 19. [4] "Stark Raving Dad". Jean, Al; Reiss, Mike; Moore, Rich. The Simpsons. Fox. 1991-09-19. No. 01, season 03. [5] "Moaning Lisa". Jean, Al; Reiss, Mike; Archer, Wes. The Simpsons. Fox. 1990-02-11. No. 06, season 01. [6] "’Round Springfield". Sternin, Joshua; Ventimilia, Jeffrey; Moore, Steven Dean. The Simpsons. Fox. 1995-04-30. No. 22, season 06. [7] "I Love Lisa". Mula, Frank; Archer, Wes. The Simpsons. Fox. 1993-02-11. No. 15, season 04.

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"All Singing, All Dancing", in The Simpsons: The Complete Ninth Season [DVD]. 20th Century Fox. [21] Lee, Luaine (2003-02-27), "D’oh, you’re the voice", The Age, http://www.theage.com.au/articles/2003/ 02/27/1046064146568.html, retrieved on 2007-08-18. [22] ^ Cartwright, pp. 35–40 [23] "Bart’s voice tells all", BBC News, 2000-11-10, http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/ entertainment/1017238.stm, retrieved on 2007-05-16. [24] Larry Carroll (2008-10-26), "’Simpsons’ Trivia, From Swearing Lisa To ’BurnsSexual’ Smithers", MTV, http://www.mtv.com/movies/news/ articles/1565538/20070725/story.jhtml, retrieved on 2007-07-29. [25] Charles Miranda (2007-12-08), "She who laughs last", The Daily Telegraph: p. 8E. [26] ^ Heidi Vogt (2004-04-04), "She’s happy as Lisa Simpson, although she’d like more d’oh", The Spokesman-Review (Associated Press). [27] Charles Miranda (2007-12-08), "She who laughs last", The Daily Telegraph, p. 8E. [28] Smith, Yeardley. (2007). Audio commentary for The Simpsons Movie [DVD]. 20th Century Fox. [29] Smith, Yeardley. (2005). Commentary for "Missionary: Impossible", in The Simpsons: The Complete Eleventh Season [DVD]. 20th Century Fox. [30] Peter Sheridan (2004-05-06), "Meet the Simpsons", Daily Express. [31] ^ Glaister, Dan (2004-04-03), "Simpsons actors demand bigger share", The Age, http://www.theage.com.au/articles/2004/ 04/02/1080544690429.html, retrieved on 2008-10-26. [32] "’Simpsons’ Cast Goes Back To Work", CBS News, 2004-05-01, http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2004/ 05/01/entertainment/main615066.shtml, retrieved on 2008-09-21. [33] Sheridan, Peter (2004-05-06), "Meet the Simpsons", Daily Express. [34] "Simpsons cast sign new pay deal", BBC News, 2008-06-03, http://news.bbc.co.uk/ 2/hi/entertainment/7434296.stm, retrieved on 2008-10-26. [35] Mirkin, David. (2004). Commentary for "Boy-Scoutz N the Hood", in The Simpsons: The Complete Fifth Season [DVD]. 20th Century Fox.

Lisa Simpson
[36] Reiss, Mike. (2001). Commentary for "Krusty Gets Busted", in The Simpsons: The Complete First Season [DVD]. 20th Century Fox. [37] Reiss, Mike. (2001). Commentary for "Moaning Lisa", in The Simpsons: The Complete First Season [DVD]. 20th Century Fox. [38] ^ "Friends’ Phoebe tops PETA’s list of most animal-friendly TV characters of all time", PETA, 2004-05-04, http://www.peta.org/mc/ NewsItem.asp?id=4375, retrieved on 2008-10-27. [39] Cohen, David S.; Groening, Matt; Mirkin, David. (2005). Commentary for "Lisa the Vegetarian", in The Simpsons: The Complete Seventh Season [DVD]. 20th Century Fox. [40] Paul Freeman (1994-11-20), "Local actress finds a voice in `Simpsons’", The Washington Times. [41] "’Scuse Me While I Miss the Sky". Greaney, Dan; Grazier, Allen; Moore, Steven Dean. The Simpsons. Fox. 1991-09-19. No. 01, season 03. [42] "Lisa the Vegetarian". Cohen, David X.; Kirkland, Mark. The Simpsons. Fox. 1995-10-15. No. 05, season 07. [43] "Bart Star". Cohen, David X.; Kirkland, Mark. The Simpsons. Fox. 1997-11-09. No. 06, season 09. [44] "Lisa’s Wedding". Daniels, Greg; Reardon, Jim. The Simpsons. Fox. 1995-03-19. No. 19, season 06. [45] "Mother Simpson". Appel, Rich; Silverman, David. The Simpsons. Fox. 1995-11-19. No. 08, season 07. [46] Appel, Rich. (2005). Commentary for "Mother Simpson", in The Simpsons: The Complete Seventh Season [DVD]. 20th Century Fox. [47] "Homer’s Enemy". Swartzwelder, John; Reardon, Jim. The Simpsons. Fox. 1997-05-04. No. 23, season 08. [48] "They Saved Lisa’s Brain". Selman, Matt; Michels, Pete. The Simpsons. Fox. 1999-05-09. No. 22, season 10. [49] "The PTA Disbands". Crittenden, Jennifer; Scott III, Swinton O.. The Simpsons. Fox. 1995-04-16. No. 21, season 06. [50] "Lisa the Simpson". Goldreyer, Ned; Dietter, Susie. The Simpsons. Fox. 1998-03-08. No. 17, season 09.

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Lisa Simpson

[51] "Lisa Gets an "A"". Maxtone-Graham, offices_and_affiliates/ Ian; Anderson, Bob. The Simpsons. Fox. hsus_hollywood_office/ 1998-11-22. No. 07, season 10. the_genesis_awards/ [52] "Lost Our Lisa". Scully, Briann; Michels, genesis_award_winners_and_memorable_moments/ Pete. The Simpsons. Fox. 1998-05-10. 1995_genesis_awards.html, retrieved on No. 24, season 09. 2008-10-27. [53] "I’m Spelling as Fast as I Can". Curran, [64] Cohen, David X.; Groening, Matt; Kevin; Kruse, Nancy. The Simpsons. Fox. Kirkland, Mark; Mirkin, David. (2005). 2003-02-16. No. 12, season 1. Commentary for "Lisa the Vegetarian", in [54] "She of Little Faith". Freiberger, Bill; The Simpsons: The Complete Seventh Moore, Steven Dean. The Simpsons. Fox. Season [DVD]. 20th Century Fox. 2001-12-16. No. 06, season 13. [65] "2007 Genesis Awards", Humane Society [55] "The Monkey Suit". Burns, J. Stewart; of the United States, Persi, Raymond S.. The Simpsons. Fox. http://www.hsus.org/about_us/ 2006-05-14. No. 21, season 17. offices_and_affiliates/ [56] "G.I. (Annoyed Grunt)". Chun, Daniel; hsus_hollywood_office/ Kruse, Nancy. The Simpsons. Fox. the_genesis_awards/21st-genesis2006-11-12. No. 05, season 18. awards/the_21st_annual_genesis.html, [57] W. Reed Moran (2001-11-15), "Lisa retrieved on 2007-10-21. Simpson animates environmental [66] "Bugs Bunny tops greatest cartoon awards", USA Today, characters list", CNN, 2002-07-30, http://www.usatoday.com/news/health/ http://archives.cnn.com/2002/SHOWBIZ/ spotlight/2001-11-15-simpsons.htm, TV/07/30/cartoon.characters/, retrieved retrieved on 2007-10-17. on 2007-08-25. [58] "Awards for "The Simpsons"", Internet [67] ^ "Primetime Emmy Awards Advanced Movie Database, http://www.imdb.com/ Search", Emmys.org, title/tt0096697/awards, retrieved on http://www.emmys.org/awards/ 2007-10-17. awardsearch.php, retrieved on [59] "1995 Genesis Awards", Humane Society 2008-01-18. of the United States, [68] "Hollywood Icons", Hollywood Chamber http://www.hsus.org/about_us/ of Commerce, http://www.tibp.com/cgioffices_and_affiliates/ bin/foxweb.dll/wlx/dir/ hsus_hollywood_office/ wlxdirectory?cc=WOFAME++++&lcName=The+Sim the_genesis_awards/ retrieved on 2008-09-04. genesis_award_winners_and_memorable_moments/ [69] Turner, p. 327 1996_genesis_awards.html, retrieved on [70] Groening, Matt; Bill Morrison (2006). 2007-10-21. The Lisa Book. HarperCollins. ISBN [60] "’Free Willy’, ’Simpsons’ win Genesis 0060748230. Awards", Rocky Mountain News, [71] "Search Results for Lisa", The Simpsons 1994-01-30, p. 56A. Shop, [61] "1994 Genesis Awards", Humane Society http://thesimpsonsshop.resultspage.com/ of the United States, search?SESSID=048852c33e126efae65e0a2e9f957e http://www.hsus.org/about_us/ retrieved on 2008-10-27. offices_and_affiliates/ [72] Walk, Gary Eng (2007-11-05), "Work of hsus_hollywood_office/ Bart", Entertainment Weekly, the_genesis_awards/ http://www.ew.com/ew/article/ genesis_award_winners_and_memorable_moments/ 0,,20158366,00.html, retrieved on 1994_genesis_awards.html, retrieved on 2008-09-07. 2008-10-27. [73] "Groening launches Futurama comics", [62] Yardena Arar (1991-01-19), "Films, TV The Gazette, 2000-11-19, Programs praised for treatment of http://findarticles.com/p/articles/ Animal issues", Daily News of Los mi_qn4191/is_20001119/ai_n9979492. Angeles, p. L9. [74] Shutt, Craig, "Sundays with the [63] "1995 Genesis Awards", Humane Society Simpsons", MSNBC, of the United States, http://web.archive.org/web/ http://www.hsus.org/about_us/ 20070708094751/

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Lisa Simpson

http://cagle.msnbc.com/hogan/features/ Favorite Family. New York City: simpsons_sundays/ HarperCollins. ISBN 0-00-638898-1. simpsons_on_sundays.asp, retrieved on • Turner, Chris (2004). Planet Simpson: 2008-09-07. How a Cartoon Masterpiece Documented [75] MacDonald, Brady (2008-04-09), an Era and Defined a Generation. Toronto: "Simpsons ride features 29 characters, Random House Canada. ISBN original voices", Los Angeles Times, 0-679-31318-4. http://travel.latimes.com/daily-deal-blog/ index.php/simpsons-ride-featur-1657/, retrieved on 2008-09-07. • Alberti, John (ed.) (2003). Leaving [76] Szalai, George (2009-04-01), "Postal Springfield: ’The Simpsons’ and the Service launching ’Simpsons’ stamps", Possibility of Oppositional Culture. Wayne The Hollywood Reporter, State University Press. ISBN http://www.hollywoodreporter.com/hr/ 0-8143-2849-0. content_display/news/ • Brown, Alan; Chris Logan (2006). The e3ifcc0b6f995bc3974307adf134bb3a5a5, Psychology of The Simpsons. Benbella retrieved on 2009-05-08. Books. ISBN 1-932100-70-9. [77] "The Simpsons stamps launched in US", • Groening, Matt; Bill Morrison (2006). The Newslite, 2009-05-08, http://newslite.tv/ Lisa Book. HarperCollins. ISBN 2009/05/08/the-simpsons-stamps0060748230. launched-i.html, retrieved on • Groening, Matt (1991). The Simpsons 2009-05-08. Uncensored Family Album. HarperCollins. [78] "Announcing America’s newest stamps", ISBN 0-06-096582-7. United States Postal Service, 2009, • Pinsky, Mark I (2004). The Gospel http://www.usps.com/promotions/ According to The Simpsons: The Spiritual simpsons.htm?from=home_lgpromo&page=learnmoresimpsonstamps, Life of the World’s Most Animated Family. retrieved on 2009-05-09. Louisville, Kentucky: Westminster John Knox Press. ISBN 0-664-22419-9.

Further reading

References

• Cartwright, Nancy (2000). My Life as a 10-Year-Old Boy. New York City: Hyperion. ISBN 0-7868-8600-5. • Richmond, Ray; Antonia Coffman (1997). The Simpsons: A Complete Guide to Our

External links
• Lisa Simpson at The Simpsons.com • Lisa Simpson at the Internet Movie Database

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lisa_Simpson" Categories: The Simpsons characters, 1987 introductions, Child characters in television, Fictional jazz musicians, Vegetarianism This page was last modified on 22 May 2009, at 14:37 (UTC). All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License. (See Copyrights for details.) Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a U.S. registered 501(c)(3) taxdeductible nonprofit charity. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers

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