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United States Senate Select Committee on Intelligence

United States Senate Select Committee on Intelligence
The United States Senate Select Committee on Intelligence (sometimes referred to as SSCI) is dedicated to overseeing the United States Intelligence Community—the agencies and bureaus of the Federal government of the United States who provide information and analysis for leaders of the executive and legislative branches. The Committee was established in 1976 by the 94th Congress.[1] The Committee is "select" in that membership is temporary and rotated among members of the chamber.[2] The committee comprises 15 members. Eight of those seats are reserved for one majority and one minority member of each of the following committees: Appropriations, Armed Services, Foreign Relations, and Judiciary.[3] Of the remaining seven, four are members of the majority, and three are members of the minority.[3] In addition, the Majority Leader and Minority Leader are non-voting ex officio members of the committee.[3] As part of its oversight responsibilities, the Committee performs an annual review of the intelligence budget submitted by the President and prepares legislation authorizing appropriations for the various civilian and military agencies and departments comprising the Intelligence Community. These entities include the Office of the Director of National Intelligence, Central Intelligence Agency, Defense Intelligence Agency, National Security Agency, National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency, National Reconnaissance Office, as well as the intelligence-related components of Department of State, Federal Bureau of Investigation, Department of the Treasury, and Department of Energy. The Committee makes recommendations to the Senate Armed Services Committee on authorizations for the intelligence-related components of the U.S. Army, U.S. Navy, U.S. Air Force, and U.S. Marine Corps. The Committee also conducts periodic investigations, audits, and inspections of intelligence activities and programs. In a March 6, 2008 letter to the Senate leadership, 14 of the 15 current members of the Committee proposed the creation of a new Senate Appropriations Subcommittee on Intelligence to prepare the annual intelligence budget.[4] The proposed Subcommittee, on which members of the Intelligence Committee would be heavily represented, would increase the Committee’s influence and leverage over executive branch intelligence agencies, and require continuing disclosure of the annual budget for the National Intelligence Program. The proposal has been opposed by the leadership of the Senate Appropriations Committee, however.[5]

History
The Select Committee on Intelligence was preceded by the Church Committee (1975). Senator Daniel K. Inouye (D-Hawaii) became the first chairman of the committee when it was established during the 94th Congress. He kept the chairmanship through the 96th Congress.[1] Senators who have served as chair since Inouye have included Birch Bayh, Barry Goldwater, David L. Boren, Arlen Specter, Richard Shelby, Bob Graham, and Pat Roberts. Former Director of Central Intelligence George Tenet was staff director of the committee when David Boren of Oklahoma was its chairman. The committee was the center of much controversy and contentiousness during the run-up to the war in Iraq in 2002 and 2003, when chairmanship of the committee changed hands following the November, 2002 election. Among the committee staff members at that time were: Pete Dorn, Professional Staff Member; Jim Hensler, Deputy Staff Director; Vicki Divoll, General Counsel; Steven Cash, Professional Staff Member & Counsel; and Alfred Cumming, Minority Staff Director. On July 9, 2004 the committee issued "Report of the Select Committee on Intelligence on the U.S. Intelligence Community’s Prewar Intelligence Assessments on Iraq", and on June 5, 2008, it issued a long-delayed portion of its "phase two" investigative report, which

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Majority • • • • • • • • Dianne Feinstein, Chairwoman, California Jay Rockefeller, West Virginia Ron Wyden, Oregon Evan Bayh, Indiana Barbara Mikulski, Maryland Russ Feingold, Wisconsin Bill Nelson, Florida Sheldon Whitehouse, Rhode Island

United States Senate Select Committee on Intelligence
Minority • • • • • • • Kit Bond, Vice Chairman, Missouri Saxby Chambliss, Georgia Orrin Hatch, Utah Olympia Snowe, Maine Richard Burr, North Carolina Tom Coburn, Oklahoma Jim Risch, Idaho

Ex officio • Carl Levin, Michigan • Harry Reid, Nevada compared the prewar public statements made by top Bush administration officials to justify the invasion with the intelligence information that was available to them at that time.[6] [2] • John McCain, Arizona • Mitch McConnell, Kentucky the-study-of-intelligence/csi-publications/ books-and-monographs/agency-and-thehill/ 05-The%20Agency%20and%20the%20Hill_PartIChapter2.pdf. Retrieved on 2008-06-19. Kaiser, Frederick (2008-09-16), "Congressional Oversight of Intelligence: Current Structure and Alternatives", Congressional Research Service, http://opencrs.com/document/RL32525/, retrieved on 2009-04-23. ^ "Committee on Intelligence" from Riddick’s Senate Procedure Senate Select Committee on Intelligence (2008-03-06), "Letter to Senators Harry Reid and Mitch McConnell", http://www.fas.org/irp/congress/2008_cr/ ssci030608.pdf, retrieved on 2008-04-14. Senate Appropriations Committee (2008-04-05), "Letter to Senators Harry Reid and Mitch McConnell", http://www.fas.org/irp/congress/2008_cr/ app040508.pdf, retrieved on 2008-04-14. Mark Mazzetti and Scott Shane (2008-06-06), "Bush Overstated Iraq Evidence, Senators Report", The New York Times, http://www.nytimes.com/ 2008/06/06/world/middleeast/ 06intel.html?pagewanted=print, retrieved on 2008-06-17.

Members, 111th Congress
The committee is chaired by Dianne Feinstein of California and the Ranking member is Kit Bond of Missouri. There are also four ex officio members, including both the Senate Majority and Minority Leaders and the Chairman and Ranking Member of the Senate Armed Services Committee. [3] [4]

Chairpersons
• • • • • • • • • • • • • • Dianne Feinstein (D-CA), 2009-present Jay Rockefeller (D-WV), 2007-2009 Pat Roberts (R-KS), 2003-2007 Bob Graham (D-FL), 2001-2003 Richard Shelby (R-AL), 2001 Bob Graham (D-FL), 2001 Richard Shelby (R-AL), 1997-2001 Arlen Specter (R-PA), 1995-1997 Dennis DeConcini (D-AZ), 1993-1995 David Boren (D-OK), 1987-1995 David Durenberger (R-MN), 1985-1987 Barry Goldwater (R-AZ), 1981-1985 Birch Bayh (D-IN), 1979-1981 Daniel Inouye (D-HI), 1975-1979

[5]

[6]

References
[1] Snider, L. Britt (2008). The Agency & The Hill: CIA’s Relationship with Congress, 1946-2004, Chapter 2. CIA Center for the Study of Intelligence. https://www.cia.gov/library/center-for-

External links
• U.S. Senate Select Committee on Intelligence Official Website • Committee Publications • Committee Hearing Schedule & Archive • Committee Press Releases

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
• US GPO Congressional Directory includes information on past members

United States Senate Select Committee on Intelligence

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