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televised motorcycle jumps, including his 1974 attempt to jump Snake River Canyon at Twin Falls, Idaho, represent four of the twenty most-watched ABC’s Wide World of Sports events to date. His achievements and failures, including his record 37 broken bones, earned him several entries in the Guinness Book of World Records. His son Robbie Knievel is also an accomplished motorcycle daredevil.
Robert Craig "Evel" Knievel was born in Butte, Montana, in 1938, the first of two children born to Robert E. and Ann Kehoe "Zippy" Knievel. His surname is of German origin; his great-great-grandparents on his father’s side emigrated to the United States from Germany. Robert and Ann divorced in 1940, after the birth of their second child, Nic. Both parents decided to leave Butte. Evel was raised by paternal grandparents, Ignatius and Emma Knievel. At the age of eight, Robert Knievel attended a Joey Chitwood Auto Daredevil Show, to which he gave credit for his later career choice to become a motorcycle daredevil. Almost every jump he did was on a Harley Davidson motorcycle. Knievel ended high school after sophomore year and got a job in the copper mines with the Anaconda Mining Company as a diamond drill operator. He was then promoted to surface duty where he drove a large earth mover. Knievel was dismissed when he made the earth mover do a motorcycle-type wheelie  and drove it into Butte’s main power line. The incident left the city without electricity for several hours. Idle, Knievel began to find himself in more and more trouble around Butte. After a police chase in 1956 in which he crashed his motorcycle, Knievel was taken to jail on a charge of reckless driving. When the night jailer came around to check the roll, he noted Robert Knievel in one cell and William Knofel in the other. Knofel was well known as "Awful Knofel" ("awful" rhyming with "Knofel") so Knievel began to be referred to as Evel Knievel ("Evel" rhyming with "Knievel"). He chose this misspelling
Evel Knievel in Ft. Lauderdale, Florida during the 1970s Born Robert Craig Knievel October 17, 1938(1938-10-17) Butte, Montana November 30, 2007 (aged 69) Clearwater, Florida Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis Butte, MT. American Stunt performer Motorcycle stunts Linda Joan Bork (1959–1997) Krystal Kennedy (1999–2001) Kelly, Tracey, Alicia, Robbie Robert Edward Knievel, Ann Kehoe
Died Cause of death Resting place Nationality Occupation Known for Spouse(s) Children Parents
Robert Craig Knievel (October 17, 1938 – November 30, 2007), better known as the Evel Knievel (pronounced /ˈiːvəl kɨˈniːvəl/;), was an American motorcycle daredevil and entertainer famous in the United States and elsewhere between the late 1960s and early 1980s. Knievel’s nationally
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because of his last name and because he didn’t want to be considered "evil". Always looking for new thrills and challenges, Knievel participated in local professional rodeos and pie-jumping events, including winning the Northern Rocky Mountain Ski Association Class A Men’s ski jumping championship in 1959. During the late 1950s, Knievel joined the United States Army. His athletic ability allowed him to join the track team where he was a pole vaulter. After his army stint, Knievel returned to Butte where he met and married his first wife, Linda Joan Bork. Shortly after getting married, Knievel started the Butte Bombers, a semi-pro hockey team. To help promote his team and earn some money, he convinced the 1960 Olympic Czechoslovakian hockey team to play the Butte Bombers in a warm-up game to the Olympics. Knievel was ejected from the game minutes into the third period and left the stadium. When the Czechoslovakian officials went to the box office to collect the expense money the team was promised, workers discovered the game receipts had been stolen. The U.S. Olympic Committee wound up paying the Czechoslovakian team’s expenses to avoid an international incident. After the birth of his first son, Kelly, Knievel realized that he needed to come up with a new way to support his family financially. Using the hunting and fishing skills his grandfather had taught him, Knievel started the Sur-Kill Guide Service. He guaranteed that if a hunter employed his service and paid his fee, they would get the big game animal they wanted or he would refund their money. Business was very good until game wardens realized that Knievel was taking his clients into Yellowstone National Park to find prey. As a result of this poaching, Knievel had to end the new business venture. During December 1961, Knievel, who was learning about the culling of elk in Yellowstone Park, decided to hitchhike from Butte to Washington, D.C. to raise awareness and to have the elk relocated to areas where hunting was permitted. After his conspicuous trek (he hitchhiked with a 54-inch wide rack of elk antlers and a petition with 3,000 signatures), he presented his case to Representative Arnold Olsen, Senator Mike Mansfield, and Kennedy administration Interior Secretary Stewart Udall. As a result of his efforts, the slaughter was stopped, and the animals
have since been regularly captured and relocated to areas of Montana, Wyoming, and Idaho. After returning home from Washington, Knievel decided to stop committing crime. He joined the motocross circuit and had moderate success, but he still couldn’t make enough money to support his family. During 1962, Knievel broke his collarbone and shoulder in a motocross accident. The doctors said he couldn’t race for at least six months. To help support his family, he switched careers and sold insurance for the Combined Insurance Company of America, working for W. Clement Stone. Stone suggested that Knievel read Success Through a Positive Mental Attitude, a book that Stone wrote with Napoleon Hill. Knievel credited much of his success to Stone and his book. Knievel was successful as an insurance salesman (even selling insurance policies to several institutionalized mental patients) and wanted recognition for his efforts. When the company refused to promote him to vicepresident after a few months on the job he quit. Wanting a new start away from Butte, Knievel moved his family to Moses Lake, Washington. There, he opened a Honda motorcycle dealership and promoted motocross racing. During the early 1960s, it was difficult to promote Japanese imports. People still considered them inferior to American built motorcycles, and there was lingering resentment from World War II, which had ended fewer than 20 years earlier. Once, Knievel offered a $100 discount to anybody who could beat him at arm wrestling. Despite his best efforts the store eventually closed. After the closure of the Moses Lake Honda dealership, Evel went to work for Don Pomeroy at his motorcycle shop in Sunnyside, Washington. It is here where Jim Pomeroy, a well known motocross racer taught Knievel how to do a "wheelie" and ride while standing on the seat of the bike.
While trying to support his family, Knievel recalled the Joie Chitwood show he saw as a boy and decided that he could do something similar using a motorcycle. Promoting the show himself, Knievel rented the venue, wrote the press releases, set up the show, sold the tickets and served as his own master of ceremonies. After enticing the small crowd
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with a few wheelies, he proceeded to jump a twenty-foot-long box of rattlesnakes and two mountain lions. Despite landing short and having his back wheel hit the box containing the rattlesnakes, Knievel managed to land safely. Knievel realized to make any amount of real money he would need to hire more performers, stunt coordinators and other personnel so that he could concentrate on the jumps. With little money, he went looking for a sponsor and found one in Bob Blair, of the Berliner Motor Corporation, a distributor for Norton Motorcycles. Blair offered to provide the needed motorcycles, but he wanted the name changed from the Bobby Knievel and His Motorcycle Daredevils Thrill Show to Evil Knievel and His Motorcycle Daredevils. Knievel didn’t want his image to be that of a Hells Angels rider, so he convinced Blair to allow him to use Evel instead of Evil. The debut of Knievel and his daredevils was on January 3, 1966, at the National Date Festival in Indio, California. The show was a huge success. Knievel received several offers to host the show after their first performance. The second booking was in Hemet, California, but was canceled due to rain. The next performance was on February 10, in Barstow, California. During the performance, Knievel attempted a new stunt where he would jump, spread eagle, over a speeding motorcycle. Knievel jumped too late and the motorcycle hit him in the groin, tossing him fifteen feet into the air. He was placed in the hospital as a result of his injuries. When released, he returned to Barstow to finish the performance he had started almost a month earlier. Knievel’s daredevil show broke up after the Barstow performance because injuries prevented him from performing. After recovering, Knievel started traveling from small town to small town as a solo act. To get ahead of other motorcycle stunt people who were jumping animals or pools of water, Knievel started jumping cars. He began adding more and more cars to his jumps when he would return to the same venue in order to get people to come out and see him again. Knievel hadn’t had a serious injury since the Barstow performance, but on June 19 in Missoula, Montana, he attempted to jump twelve cars and a cargo van. The distance he had for takeoff didn’t allow him to get up enough speed. His back wheel hit the
top of the van while his front wheel hit the top of the landing ramp. Knievel ended up with a severely broken arm and several broken ribs. The crash and subsequent stay in the hospital were a publicity windfall. With each successful jump, the public wanted him to jump one more car. On May 30, 1967, Knievel successfully cleared sixteen cars in Gardena, California. Then he attempted the same jump on July 28, 1967, in Graham, Washington, where he had his next serious crash. Landing his cycle on a panel truck that was the last vehicle, Knievel was thrown from his bike. This time he suffered a serious concussion. After a month, he recovered and returned to Graham on August 18 to finish the show; but the result was the same, only this time the injuries were more serious. Again coming up short, Knievel crashed, breaking his left wrist, right knee, and two ribs. Knievel finally received some national exposure when actor Joey Bishop had him on as a guest of The Joey Bishop Show. All the attention not only brought larger paydays, but also female admirers.
While in Las Vegas, Nevada, to watch Dick Tiger successfully defend his WBA and WBC light heavyweight titles at the Las Vegas Convention Center on Nov. 17, 1967, Knievel first saw the fountains at Caesars Palace and decided to jump them. To get an audience with the casino’s CEO Jay Sarno, Knievel created a fictitious corporation called Evel Knievel Enterprises and three fictitious lawyers to make phone calls to Sarno. Knievel also placed phone calls to Sarno claiming to be from ABC-TV and Sports Illustrated inquiring about the jump. Sarno finally agreed to meet Knievel and the deal was set for Knievel to jump the fountains on December 31, 1967. After the deal was set, Knievel tried to get ABC to air the event live on Wide World of Sports. ABC declined, but said that if Knievel had the jump filmed and it was as spectacular as he said it would be, they would consider using it later. Knievel used his own money to have actor/director John Derek produce a film of the Caesars’ jump. To keep costs low, Derek used his then-wife Linda Evans as one of the camera operators. It was Evans who filmed Knievel’s famous landing. On the morning of the jump, Knievel
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stopped in the casino and placed his last 100 dollars on the blackjack table (which he lost), stopped by the bar and had a shot of Wild Turkey and then headed outside where he was joined by several members of the Caesars staff, as well as two showgirls. After doing his normal pre-jump show and a few warm up approaches, Knievel began his real approach. When he hit the takeoff ramp, he felt the motorcycle unexpectedly decelerate. The sudden loss of power on the takeoff caused Knievel to come up short and land on the safety ramp which was supported by a van. This caused the handlebars to be ripped out of his hands as he tumbled over them onto the pavement where he skidded into the Dunes parking lot. As a result of the crash, Knievel suffered a crushed pelvis and femur, fractures to his hip, wrist and both ankles and a concussion that kept him in a coma for 29 days. Before the Caesars’ jump Knievel asked his friend Matt Tonning, a Combined Insurance sales agent, to sell him (10) accident policies. Combined’s underwriting policies allowed for only one (1) of these policies be written. Since the policy covered any accident and was non-cancelable for the life of the insured. Tonning agreed and was fired by Combined when Knievel filed the claims on all ten. Upon hearing that Tonning had been fired Knievel contacted Combined’s Vice President Matt Walsh. He agreed to return (9) of the policies and be paid full benefits on only one, if Combined allowed Tonning to return to work. Walsh agreed and Tonning was reinstated. After his crash and recovery Knievel was more famous than ever. ABC-TV bought the rights to the film of the jump paying far more than they originally would have had they televised the original jump live. Ironically, when Knievel finally achieved the fame and possible fortune that he always wanted, his doctors were telling him that he might never walk without the aid of crutches, let alone ride and jump motorcycles.
result of the crash. On August 3, 1968, Knievel returned to jumping, making more money than ever before. He was earning approximately $25,000 per performance, and he was making successful jumps almost weekly until October 13, in Carson City, Nevada. While trying to stick the landing, he lost control of the bike and crashed again, breaking his hip once more. By 1971, Knievel realized that the United States government would never allow him to jump the Grand Canyon. To keep his fans interested, Knievel considered several other stunts that might match the publicity that would have been generated by jumping the canyon; ideas included: jumping across the Mississippi River, jumping from one skyscraper to another in New York City and jumping over 13 cars inside the Houston Astrodome. While flying back to Butte from a performance tour, Knievel looked out the window and saw Snake River Canyon. After finding a location near Twin Falls, Idaho, that was both wide enough, deep enough and on private property, Knievel leased 300 acres (1.2 km²) for $35,000 to stage his jump. He set the date for Labor Day (4 September), 1972. On January 7 and January 8, 1971, Knievel set the record by selling over 100,000 tickets to back-to-back performances at the Houston Astrodome. On February 28, he set a new world record by jumping 19 cars with his Harley-Davidson XR-750 in Ontario, California. The 19 car jump was also filmed for the movie, Evel Knievel (movie). Knievel held the record for 27 years until Bubba Blackwell jumped 20 cars in 1998 with a XR-750 . On May 10, Knievel crashed while attempting to jump 13 Pepsi delivery trucks. His approach was complicated by the fact that he had to start on pavement, cut across grass, and then return to pavement. His lack of speed caused the motorcycle to come down front wheel first. He managed to hold on until the cycle hit the base of the ramp. After being thrown off he skidded for 50 feet (15 m). Knievel broke his collarbone, suffered a compound fracture of his right arm and broke both legs. Knievel continued to jump and promote his Labor Day assault on Snake River Canyon. On March 3, 1972 at the Cow Palace in Daly City, California, Knievel got into a scuffle with a couple of Hells Angels in the audience. After making a successful jump, he tried to come to a quick stop because of a
To keep his name in the news, Knievel started describing his biggest stunt ever, a motorcycle jump across the Grand Canyon. Just five months after his near fatal crash, Knievel performed another jump. On May 25, 1968, in Scottsdale, Arizona, Knievel crashed while attempting to jump fifteen Mustangs. Knievel ended up breaking his right leg and foot as a
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short landing area. Knievel suffered a broken back and a concussion after getting thrown off and run over by his motorcycle, a HarleyDavidson. Knievel returned to jumping in November, 1973, where he successfully jumped over 50 stacked cars at the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum. For 35 years, Knievel held the record for successfully jumping the most stacked cars on a Harley-Davidson XR-750 (the record was broken in October 2008). His historic XR-750 is now part of the collection of the Smithsonian’s National Museum of American History. Made of steel, aluminum, and fiberglass, the customized motorcycle weighs about 300 pounds.
it hit the bottom of the canyon, it landed only a few feet from the water on the same side of the canyon it had been launched from. If he had landed in the water, Knievel would have drowned due to a jumpsuit/harness malfunction which kept him strapped in the vehicle. Knievel survived the jump with only minor injuries.
Later daredevil career
After the Snake River jump, Knievel returned to motorcycle jumping with ABC Wide World of Sports televising several jumps. On May 26, 1975, in front of 90,000 people at Wembley Stadium in London, Knievel crashed while trying to land a jump over thirteen redundant single-deck AEC Merlin buses (the term "London Buses" used in earlier publicity had led to the belief that the attempt was to be made over the higher and more traditional Routemaster double-deck type). After the crash, despite breaking his pelvis, Knievel addressed the audience and announced his retirement. Near shock and not yielding to Frank Gifford’s (of ABC Wide World of Sports) plea to use a stretcher, Knievel walked off the Wembley field stating, "I walked in, I want to walk out!" After recuperating, Knievel decided that he had spoken too soon, and that he would continue jumping. On October 25, 1975, Knievel successfully jumped fourteen Greyhound buses at Kings Island, Ohio. Although Knievel landed on the 14th bus, his landing was successful and he held the record for jumping the most buses on a Harley-Davidson for 24 years (until broken by Bubba Blackwell in late 1999). The Kings Island event scored the highest viewer ratings in the history of ABC’s Wide World of Sports and would serve as Knievel’s longest successful jump at 133 feet (although the Ceasar’s Palace jump was longer in length, it ended in a crash). After the Kings Island jump, Knievel again announced his retirement. Again, his retirement was short lived and Knievel continued to jump. However, after the lengthy Kings Island jump, Knievel limited the remainder of his career jumps to shorter and more attainable lengths. Evel jumped on October 31, 1976 at the Seattle Kingdome. He only jumped seven Greyhound Buses but it was a success. Despite the crowd’s pleasure, Knievel felt that it was not his best jump, and apologized to the crowd.
Snake River Canyon
ABC Sports was unwilling to pay the price Knievel wanted for the Snake River Canyon jump, so he ended up hiring Bob Arum’s company, Top Rank Productions, to put the event on closed circuit television, which was broadcast to movie theaters. Arum partnered with Invest West Sports, Shelly Saltman’s company, in order to secure from Invest West Sports two things: 1.) the necessary financing for the jump and 2.) the services of Sheldon Saltman, long recognized as one of America’s premier public relations and promotion men, to do publicity so that Knievel could concentrate on his jumps. Knievel then hired subcontractor aeronautical engineer Doug Malewicki to build him a rocketpowered cycle that he could use to jump across the Snake River, to be called the X-1 Skycycle. Doug’s creation was powered by a steam engine built by former Aerojet engineer Robert Truax. On April 15, 1972 the X-1 was launched to test the feasibility of the launching ramp. The decision was then made to have Truax build the next Skycycle dubbed the X-2 and have it take off and fly more like a rocket than a motorcycle. The launch at Snake River Canyon was on September 8, 1974 at 3:36 p.m. MDT. The steam that powered the engine was superheated to a temperature of 500°F (260°C). Upon take-off, the drogue parachute accidentally deployed when the bolts holding the cover for the chute stripped out with the force of the blast. The deployed chute caused enough drag that even though the skycycle made it all the way across the canyon to the north rim, the prevailing winds caused it to drift back south, into the canyon. By the time
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In the winter of 1976, Knievel was scheduled for a major jump in Chicago, Illinois. The jump was inspired by the film, Jaws. Knievel was scheduled to jump a tank full of live sharks and would be televised live nationally. However, during his rehearsal, Knievel lost control of the motorcycle and crashed into a cameraman. Although Knievel broke his arms, he was more distraught over a permanent injury his accident caused to the cameraman (who lost his eye). The footage of this crash was so upsetting to Knievel, that he did not show the clip for 19 years until the documentary, Absolute Evel: The Evel Knievel Story. After the failed shark jump, Knievel retired from major performances and limited his appearances to smaller venues to help launch the career of his son, Robbie Knievel. His last stunt show, which did not include a jump, took place in March 1980 in Puerto Rico. However, Knievel would officially finish his career as a daredevil as a touring "companion" of his son, Robbie, limiting his performance to speaking only, rather than stunt riding. His last appearance with Robbie (on tour) was in March 1981 in Hollywood, Florida.
Harley-Davidson withdrew their sponsorship of Knievel. On September 8, 1974, Knievel arguably used the Skycycle X-2 over the Snake River Canyon. Although the X-2 had wheels, the vehicle was a rocket, rather than a motorcycle. The State of Idaho registered the X-2 as a airplane. At the tailend of his career, while helping launch the career of his son, Robbie Knievel, Knievel returned to the Triumph T120. However, he only performed wheelies and did not jump after retiring the XR-750. In 1997, Knievel signed with the California Motorcycle Company to release a limited Evel Knievel Motorcycle. However, the motorcycle was not built to jump, but was rather a V-twin cruiser motorcycle intended to compete with Harley-Davidson street bikes. Knievel promoted the motorcycle at his various public appearances. After the company closed in 2003, Knievel returned to riding a modern street Harley-Davidson motorcycles at his public appearances. Evel’s son, Robbie Knievel, is currently selling limited edition motorcycles from his company, Knievel Motorcycles Manufacturing Inc. Although two of the motorcycles refer to Evel (the Legend Series Evel Commemorative and the Snake River Canyon motorcycle), Evel did not ride Robbie’s bikes.
Knievel is associated with four different types of motorcycles. Although Knievel began his career on a Honda 350cc motorcycle, he would use the Honda only once, jumping his first known jump over a crate of rattlesnakes and two mountain lions. Knievel began his career on the Norton Motorcycle Company 750cc. He used the Norton for only one year during 1966. Between 1967 and 1968, Knievel would jump using the Triumph Bonnevile T120 (with a 650cc engine). Knievel used the Triumph at the Caesar’s Palace crash on New Year’s Eve 1967. When Knievel returned to jumping after the crash, he used Triumph for the remainder of 1968. In 1969, Knievel used the Laverda American Eagle 750cc motorcycle between December 1969 and April 1970. On December 12, 1970, Knievel would switch to the HarleyDavidson XR-750, the motorcycle in which he is best known for jumping. Knievel would use the XR-750 in association with Harley-Davidson until 1977. However, after his 1977 assault and conviction of Shelly Saltman,
One of Evel’s qualities was that he had great pride in his core values. Throughout his career (and later life), he would repeatedly talk about the importance of "keeping his word" . He stated that although he knew he may not successfully make a jump or even survive the canyon jump, he followed through with each stunt because he gave his word that he would. Prior to the canyon jump, Knievel stated, "If someone says to you, ’that guy should have never jumped the canyon. You knew if he did, that he’d lose his life and that he was crazy.’ Do me a favor. Tell him that you saw me here and regardless of what I was, that you knew me, and that I kept my word." In the documentary, Last of the Gladiators, Knievel discussed the crash of a 1970 Pepsi-Cola sponsored jump in Yakima, Washington. Knievel knew the jump was questionable, but stated, I went ahead and did it anyway. When you give your word to somebody
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that you’re going to do something, you’ve gotta do it. In the 1971 bio-pic Evel Knievel (on which Knievel served as a consultant), George Hamilton (as Evel) emphasizes in the opening monologue that a man does not go back on his word, specifically after he agreed to jump a motorcycle. Knievel would regularly share his antidrug message, as it was another one of his core values . Knievel would preach an anti-drug message to children and adults before each of his stunts. One organization that Knievel regularly slammed for being drug dealers was the Hells Angels. This was despite the fact that the presence of the Hells Angels erupted into a near-riot at the Cow Palace in Daly City, California on March 3, 1971: A tire-iron (or coke can according to the Hells Angels) was thrown at Knievel during his stunt show, and Knievel and a majority of the spectators fought back, sending three of the fifteen Hell’s Angels to the hospital. Even the plot to his only motion picture as an actor, Viva Knievel, centers around Evel foiling the attempts of drug lords smuggling narcotics into America from Mexico.
magazine, Registered Rep., Knievel left his entire estate to Krystal.
Marketing the image
Knievel sought to make more money off of his image. He was no longer satisfied with just receiving free motorcycles to jump with. Knievel wanted to be paid to use and promote a company’s brand of motorcycles. After Triumph, the motorcycle company he had been jumping with, refused to meet his demands, Knievel started to propose the idea to other manufacturers. American Eagle Motorcycles was the first company to sign Knievel to an endorsement deal. At approximately the same time, Fanfare Films started production of Evel Knievel, a 1971 movie starring George Hamilton as Knievel. There has been two other movies made about Evel: A television pilot made in 1974 starring Sam Elliott, and made-for-tv film in 2004 starring George Eads. Knievel kept up his pursuit of getting the United States government to allow him to jump the Grand Canyon. To push his case, he hired famed San Francisco defense attorney Melvin Belli to fight the legal battle in obtaining government permission. ABC’s Wide World of Sports started showing Knievel’s jumps on television regularly. His popularity, especially with young boys, was ever increasing. He became a hero to a generation of young boys, many of whom were injured trying to imitate his stunts. A. J. Foyt made Knievel part of his pit crew for the Indianapolis 500 in 1970. Evel Knievel’s huge fame caused him to start traveling with a bodyguard, Boots Curtis. Curtis became a long time friend to Knievel. Later in the decade, the merchandising of the Knievel image reached additional media. Ideal Toys released a bendable Knievel action figure in 1974; along with a host of accessories, there was also a female counterpart available—Derry Daring. In 1977, Bally marketed its Knievel pinball machine as the "first fully electronic commercial game"; it has elsewhere been described as one of the "last of the classic pre-digital games." Knievel made several television appearances, including a guest spot on The Bionic Woman where he played himself. He was a frequent guest on talk shows such as Dinah! and Johnny Carson’s Tonight Show. On January 31, 1977, during a dress rehearsal for a
Knievel has been married twice. He and his first wife, Linda, were legally married for 38 years. During their marriage, the couple had four children: 2 boys and 2 girls (oldest child Kelly and second-born Robbie are the boys and Tracey and youngest child Alicia are the girls). Throughout Kelly’s and Robbie’s adolescence, the boys performed at Knievel’s stunt shows. Robbie Knievel continued into adulthood to perform as a professional motorcycle daredevil. Knievel’s courtship and marriage to Linda was the theme of the 1971 George Hamilton movie, Evel Knievel (movie). Linda and Evel were legally divorced in 1997. In 1999, Knievel remarried to his (then) girlfriend, Krystal Kennedy, whom he began dating in 1992.. The marriage was held at Caesar’s Palace in Las Vegas. The couple were married for two years, divorcing in 2001. Following the divorce, Krystal was granted a restraining order against Knievel. However, Krystal and Evel would work out their differences and remain close friends and live together until Knievel’s death. According to the investment
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CBS special on live daredevil stunts at the Chicago International Amphitheatre, Knievel crashed, breaking both arms and his collarbone. In the process, a misplaced cameraman was injured, losing an eye. In June 1977, Warner Bros. released Viva Knievel!, a movie starring Knievel as himself and co-starring Lauren Hutton, Gene Kelly, and Red Buttons. The movie was a box office smash.
charged under the Hobbs Act, which prohibits interfering with interstate commerce by attempting to rob or extort someone. But the FBI dropped the case due to insufficient evidence. The report goes farther and in several places draws connection between Knievel and a "crime syndicate", likely connected to his Las Vegas appearances in the 1970s.
While Knievel was healing from his latest round of injuries, the book Evel Knievel on Tour was released. Authored by Knievel’s promoter for the Snake River Canyon jump, Shelly Saltman, the book painted a less than perfect picture of Knievel’s character and alleged he abused his wife and kids and he used drugs. Knievel, with both arms still in casts, flew to California to confront Saltman, a VP at Twentieth Century Fox. Outside the studio commissary, one of Knievel’s friends grabbed Saltman and held him, while Knievel attacked him with an aluminum baseball bat, declaring, "I’m going to kill you!" According to a witness to the attack, Knievel struck repeated blows at Saltman’s head, with Saltman blocking the blows with his left arm. Saltman’s arm and wrist were shattered in several places before he fell to the ground unconscious. It took numerous surgeries and permanent metal plates in his arm to eventually give Saltman back the use of his arm. Sheldon Saltman’s book was pulled from the shelves by the publisher after Knievel threatened to sue. Saltman later produced documents in both criminal and civil court that proved that, although Knievel claimed to have been insulted by statements in Saltman’s book, he and his lawyers had actually been given editorial access to the book and had approved and signed off on every word prior to its publication. On October 14, 1977, Knievel pleaded guilty to battery and was sentenced to three years probation and six months in the county jail, during which he publicly flaunted his brief incarceration for the press as just one more publicity stunt. In 2008, the Associated Press were given copies of Knievel’s FBI files from 1970s. The 290-page file long documents a history of assault, battery, and intimidation by Knievel. The same FBI files also reveal multiple testimonies suggesting, and investigagtor conclusions that, Knieval was to be
After the assault of Saltman and time served in jail, Knievel lost most marketing endorsements and deals, including Harley-Davidson and Ideal Toys. With no income from jumping or sponsorship, Knievel was eventually forced to declare bankruptcy. In 1981, Saltman was awarded a $13 million judgment against Knievel in a civil trial, but never received money from Knievel or Knievel’s estate. During 1980s, Knievel would drive around the country in a recreational vehicle, selling works of art allegedly painted by him. After several years of obscurity, Knievel made a significant marketing comeback in the 1990s, representing Maxim Casino, Little Caesar’s, Harley-Davidson, and other firms. In 1993, Evel Knievel was diagnosed with hepatitis C, apparently contracted during one of his many reconstructive surgeries. Knievel needed a liver transplant in 1999 as a result of the condition. In 1999, Knievel was inducted into the Motorcycle Hall of Fame. On November 19, 1999, on a special platform built on the fountains at Caesars Palace on the Las Vegas Strip near Las Vegas, Nevada (site of Evel’s jump New Year’s Eve 1967), Evel married long time girlfriend, 30-year-old Krystal Kennedy of Clearwater, Florida. Krystal’s twin sister Shawn (Kennedy) Marsh served as Maid of Honor and standing up for Evel was his oldest son Kelly Knievel. Long-time friend Engelbert Humperdinck sent a recorded tribute to the couple. They were divorced in 2001 but remained together until his death. On October 9, 2005, Knievel promoted his last public "motorcycle ride" at the Milwaukee Harley-Davidson dealership. The ride was to benefit victims of Hurricane Katrina. Although he was originally scheduled to lead a benefit ride through Milwaukee, Knievel never rode the motorcycle because he suffered a mild (non-debilitating) stroke prior
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to the appearance and limited his visit to a signing session. On July 27, 2006, on The Adam Carolla Show, Knievel said that he had idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, and required supplemental oxygen therapy 24 hours a day. On July 28, 2006, at Evel Knievel Days in Butte, Robbie jumped 196 feet in a tribute to his father, Evel. Robbie also appeared on stage with his father. Shortly before his death, Knievel was saluted by Top Gear presenter Richard Hammond for a BBC2 Christmas special. The sixty minute programme Richard Hammond Meets Evel Knievel aired on December 23, 2007. The documentary was filmed in the summer of 2007 around the annual "Evel Knievel Days" festival in his old home town of Butte, but throughout the program it was clear that Knievel was in severely declining health. However, one conclusion that was also made was that Knievel had the same spirit and showmanship that had driven his career, demonstrated by his unerring loyalty to his fans.
of St. Louis, Missouri, opened the ride on June 20, 2008
Declining health and death
In the late 1990s, Knievel’s health began declining steadily. Knievel was in need of a lifesaving liver transplant as a result of suffering the long-term effects from Hepatitis C. He contracted the disease after one of the numerous blood transfusions he received prior to 1992. In February 1999, Knievel was given only a few days to live and he requested to leave the hospital and die at his home. En route to his home, Knievel received a phone call from the hospital stating a young man had died in a car accident and could be a donor. Days later, Knievel successfully accepted the liver transplant. In 2005, he was diagnosed with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, an incurable and terminal lung disease that required him to be on supplemental oxygen 24 hours a day. In 2006, Evel had an internal morphine pain pump surgically implanted to help him with the excruciating pain in his deteriorated lower back, one of the costs of incurring so many traumas over the course of his career as a daredevil. He also had two strokes since 2005, but neither left him with severe debilitation. Knievel died in Clearwater, Florida on November 30, 2007, aged 69. He had been suffering from diabetes and idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis for many years. A longtime friend reported that Knievel had trouble breathing while at his residence in Clearwater, but died before the ambulance could reach the hospital. "It’s been coming for years, but you just don’t expect it. Superman just doesn’t die, right?" In one of his last interviews, he told Maxim Magazine, "You can’t ask a guy like me why [I performed]. I really wanted to fly through the air. I was a daredevil, a performer. I loved the thrill, the money, the whole macho thing. All those things made me Evel Knievel. Sure, I was scared. You gotta be a ass not to be scared. But I beat the hell out of death." Knievel was buried at Mountain View Cemetery in his hometown of Butte, Montana on December 10, 2007 following a funeral at the 7,500-seat Butte Civic Center presided over by Rev. Robert Schuller (actor
On April 1, 2007, Knievel appeared on Rev. Robert H. Schuller’s Hour of Power television program and announced that he "believed in Jesus Christ" for the first time. At his request, he was baptized before the congregation and TV cameras by Dr. Schuller, Founding Pastor of the Crystal Cathedral. Christianity Today reported that "...Knievel’s testimony triggered mass baptisms at the Crystal Cathedral."
Evel Knievel: The Rock Opera
In 2003, Knievel signed over exclusive rights to Los Angeles composer Jef Bek, authorizing the production of a rock opera based on Knievel’s life. Directed by Bat Boy cocreator Keythe Farley, the production opened in Los Angeles in September 2007 to excellent reviews.
Six Flags Evel Knievel roller coaster
Evel Knievel had partnered with Six Flags St. Louis to name a new wooden coaster after "America’s Legendary Daredevil". The amusement park in Eureka, Missouri, outside
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Matthew McConaughey gave the eulogy). Prior to the Monday service, fireworks exploded in the Butte night sky as pallbearers carried Knievel’s casket into the center.
• Knievel has been parodied in South Park’s Pinkeye episode as Chef portrays Knievel in a Halloween costume. • He is also shown in Disney Channel’s The Replacements as Dick Daring, an overactive stuntsman that performs stunts and wears an outfit very similar to Evel Knievels. • The 2008 series The Mr. Men Show, has a character named Little Miss Daredevil who wears a similar crash helmet and pulls off stunts in a similar vein to Evel Knievel’s more famous stunts. • The 2007 movie Hot Rod with Andy Samberg parodies Evel Knievel, with the main character attempting to become a stunt man and tries to clear fifteen buses to save his step father. • The makers of MTV’s Jackass, in collaboration with Matt Hoffman, have released a tribute to the late stunt man, where the boys of Jackass attempt to set world records and emulate one of their heroes. • Stand-up comedian George Carlin, in his famous monologue about air-travel criticized the term "getting on the plane" saying "I’m getting IN the plane. Let Evel Knievel get ON the plane!"
• Knievel’s daredevil persona was parodied as "Super Dave Osborne", a fictional character played by Bob Einstein whose signature is to perform outrageous stunts which invariably go awry and result in grievous injury. • Knievel was also parodied in the episode Bart the Daredevil on "The Simpsons" in the guise of "Captain Lance Murdock". Murdock is a motorcycle daredevil whom Bart meets and is inspired by. Bart turns to daredevilism on his skateboard. The climax of the episode is when Bart attempts to jump his skateboard across "Springfield Gorge", an obvious parody of the Snake River Canyon jump. Homer then comes and stops Bart from making the jump and, while standing on the skateboard, begins to descend down the ramp into the Gorge. At first it appears that Homer is going to make the jump and then he falls to the bottom of the Gorge, suffering several major injuries. • The recurring character of Ernie Devlin from Harvey Birdman: Attorney at Law is also a parody of Knievel. Always seen on a motorcycle, with an overweight prostitute, he was sued for children imitating his stunts. Ernie Devlin himself, was the lead character of a 1974 Hanna-Barbera animated series of the same name, which was created to cash in on the Knievel/ stuntman adulation of that time period. • Knievel also appears in the film Austin Powers: International Man Of Mystery, in which he is frozen along with Vanilla Ice and Austin Powers. • Knievel has also been copied by Marvel Comics for the famous character Ghost Rider. His troop is known as "The Daredevils". Most of their scenes are based on Knievel’s stunts and, in the movie, Johnny Blaze’s costume is the same as Knievel’s. • Knievel has been parodied in Kanye West’s music video Touch the Sky, for which Knievel actually pressed charges on West for copyright infringement. The case was settled days before Knievel died.
 See inogolo:pronunciation of Evel Knievel.  Daredevil. Smithsonian Magazine, March 2008  http://freepages.family.rootsweb.ancestry.com/ ~gustaf/knievel.html  http://www.economist.com/obituary/ displaystory.cfm?story_id=10250075  "Montana Guide Hitch-Hikes Here to Save Elk Herd". The Washington Post, Times Herald (The Washington Post): p. B4. 1961-12-12.  CNN - Leap into the daredevil record book - April 27, 1998  http://espn.go.com/abcsports/wwos/ e_knievel.html  "Evel Knieval’s Harley XR-750". National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution. http://americanhistory.si.edu/collections/ object.cfm?key=35&objkey=175. Retrieved on 2008-09-08.  Richard Hammond Meets Evel Knievel
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 http://espn.go.com/abcsports/wwos/ knievel/wembley.html  Life of Evel Knievel, S. Baker, St. Martin’s Press, 2008  Barker, Stuart, Life of Evel, 2008  ABC Sports - Wide World of Sports  Last of the Gladiators, 2006  Life of Evel Knievel, S. Baker, St. Martin’s Press, 2008  http://www.billingsgazette.net/articles/ 2008/07/26/news/state/45-knievel.txt  http://www.sptimes.com/2002/02/21/ TampaBay/Knievel_ordered_to_le.shtml  http://www.foxnews.com/story/ 0,2933,196271,00.html  http://registeredrep.com/newsletters/ wealthmanagement/high_flyer_1126/  Mansour, David (2005). From Abba to Zoom: A Pop Culture Encyclopedia of the Late 20th Century. Kansas City, Mo.: Andrews McMeel. pp. 267. ISBN 0740751182. OCLC 57316726.  Synge, Dan (2004). Cool Collectibles. London: Miller’s. pp. 60. ISBN 1840008946. OCLC 60592526.  FBI | Investigation Details Evel Knievel’s Dark Side Fox News  Life of Evel Knievel, S. Baker, St. Martin’s Press, 2008  http://www2.jsonline.com/story/ index.aspx?id=361048  Associated Press (2007-04-20). "Evel Knievel Baptized at Crystal Cathedral; Rev. Schuller Admires Daredevil’s "Possibility Thinking"". abc7.com. KABCTV. http://abclocal.go.com/kabc/ story?section=local&id=5230422. Retrieved on 2007-10-04.  Greenberg, Brad A. (2007-04-13). "Evel Overcome With Good; Daredevil Knievel’s testimony triggers mass baptisms at Crystal Cathedral". Christianity Today. OCLC 1554505. ISSN 0009-5753. http://www.christianitytoday.com/ct/ 2007/aprilweb-only/115-43.0.html. Retrieved on 2007-06-20.  CBS News (2003-04-21). "Evel Knievel’s Life May Jump Into Opera". cbsnews.com. http://www.cbsnews.com/ stories/2003/04/21/entertainment/ main550290.shtml. Retrieved on 2007-10-13.  BBC News (2003-04-22). "Evel Knievel gets rock opera". news.bbc.co.uk.
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/entertainment/ 2966269.stm. Retrieved on 2007-10-13.  Los Angeles Times (2007-10-05). "Rock opera ’Knievel’ soars through a rebel’s life". latimes.com. http://www.latimes.com/entertainment/ la-et-evel5oct05,1,579582.story. Retrieved on 2007-10-13.  LA Weekly (2007-10-10). "Theater Reviews By L.A. Weekly Theater Critics". laweekly.com. http://www.laweekly.com/ stage/theater/theater-reviews/17408/. Retrieved on 2007-10-13.  "Soar the high-energy new coaster, Evel Knievel", http://www.sixflags.com/ stLouis/rides/EvelKnievel.aspx  Life of Evel Knievel, S. Baker, St. Martin’s Press, 2008  Evel Knievel.Com - The Official Site  Richard Severo (2007-12-01). "Evel Knievel, 69, Daredevil on a Motorcycle, Dies". New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2007/12/01/us/ 01knievel.html. Retrieved on 2008-05-10.  ESPN - Evel Knievel dies at 69; had long been in failing health - ESPN  Jordan, Pat (2007-11-16). "Evel Never Dies". Maxim Magazine: p. 3. Archived from the original on 22 Apr 2009 12:41:53 GMT. http://188.8.131.52/ search?q=cache%3Ahttp%3A%2F%2Fwww.maxim.co US:official&client=firefox-a. Retrieved on 2009-04-27. "“You can’t ask a guy like me why,” Evel snaps. “I wanted to fly through the air. I was a daredevil, a performer. I loved the thrill, the money, the whole macho thing. All those things made me Evel Knievel. Sure, I was scared. You gotta be an ass not to be scared. But I beat the hell out of death. It would all go by so fast, in a blur. One Mississippi, two Mississippi, three Mississippi, four Mississippi. You’re in the air for four seconds, you’re part of the machine, and then if you make a mistake midair, you say to yourself, ‘Oh, boy. I’m gonna crash,’ and there’s nothing you can do to stop it not at all.”"  "Butte Civic Center Facts". Butte Civic Center. December 2007. http://www.butteciviccenter.com/ AboutUs/factsandrates.htm. Retrieved on 2007-12-10.  "Hero’s final salute: Butte readies for Knievel’s funeral". The Montana
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Standard. 2007-12-10. http://www.montanastandard.com/ articles/2007/12/10/butte_top/ 20071210_butte_top.txt.  The Simpsons (1989) - Trivia
• Michael Roscoe, Evel Knievel: Motorcycle daredevil famed for his bone-breaking jumps (Obituary), The Independent, 3 December 2007 • Final Taxi podcast on Evel Knievel • Evel Knievel at Find A Grave • Evel Knievel Toy Museum.com • Obituary in the Orlando Sentinel Persondata NAME ALTERNATIVE NAMES SHORT DESCRIPTION DATE OF BIRTH PLACE OF BIRTH DATE OF DEATH PLACE OF DEATH Robert Craig Knievel, Jr. Evel Knievel Motorcycle Daredevil October 17, 1938 Butte, Montana, U.S.A. November 30, 2007 Clearwater, Florida, U.S.A.
• Richard Hammond Meets Evel Knievel – July 2007 television documentary
• • • • Evel Knievel.com – official site Obituary in The Times, 3 December 2007 Evel Knievel Days Evel Knievel on ABC’s Wide World of Sports • Evel Knievel TV Movie • Evel Knievel at the Internet Movie Database • Evel Knievel: The Rock Opera, a rock musical about Knievel’s life, running in Los Angeles starting September 2007.