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The Sisters of Mercy

The Sisters of Mercy
The Sisters of Mercy Dan Donovan Ben Gunn Wayne Hussey Tony James Gary Marx Patricia Morrison Adam Pearson Chris Sheehan Mike Varjak

Andrew Eldritch, the sole constant member of The Sisters of Mercy, performing live with the group in 2006

Background information Origin Genre(s) Years active Label(s) Associated acts Leeds, England Post-punk Gothic rock 1980–1993 1996–present Merciful Release The Sisterhood Ghost Dance The Mission AntiProduct www.The-Sisters-ofMercy.com

Website Members Andrew Eldritch Chris Catalyst Ben Christo

The Sisters of Mercy are an English rock band that formed in 1980. After achieving early underground fame in UK, the band had their commercial breakthrough in mid-1980s and sustained it until the early 1990s, when they stopped releasing new recorded output as a strike against their record company. Currently, the band is kept alive as a touring outfit only. The group has released three original studio albums, of which the last was released in 1990. Each album was recorded by a different line-up; singer and songwriter Andrew Eldritch and the drum machines called Doktor Avalanche are the only points of continuity among the line-ups. Eldritch and Avalanche were also involved in The Sisterhood, a side-project connected with Eldritch’s dispute with former members. The group ceased recording activity in 1994, when they went on strike against their record company Time Warner, which they accused of withholding royalties and being incompetent. Although Time Warner eventually let the band go in 1997, they have not signed to another label, and have chosen not to go the independent label route, despite showcasing numerous new songs in their live sets. Since 1985, when the other original members left, The Sisters of Mercy has become the artistic vehicle of Andrew Eldritch. Exmembers of the group established the bands Ghost Dance and The Mission.

History
Foundation (1980)
The band was formed in Leeds, England in 1980 by F-club regulars Gary Marx and Andrew Eldritch to satisfy their desire to

Former members Craig Adams Tim Bricheno Andreas Bruhn

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hear themselves on the radio; during that time band t-shirts were made and a single, "Damage Done/Watch/Home of the Hit-men", was recorded and released. The name was influenced by Robert Altman’s film McCabe & Mrs. Miller (1971), which featured the Leonard Cohen song of the same name ("because The Captains of Industry wouldn’t have been as funny"). On the single (claimed by the band to have been played twice by John Peel) Gary Marx played guitar through a practice amplifier and Andrew Eldritch was on drums. The partners each wrote and sang on a song.

The Sisters of Mercy
songwriter Eldritch (who wrote, produced and [reportedly] played all instruments on it). Their live performances featured many cover versions: among those, a medley consisting of "Sister Ray" (by Velvet Underground), "Ghostrider" (by Suicide) and "Louie Louie" (by Richard Berry) became a live staple. Only three of them, The Stooges’ "1969", The Rolling Stones’ "Gimme Shelter" and Hot Chocolate’s "Emma" were eventually recorded and released on Sisters records (all as b-sides). In late 1983, following the highly successful "Temple of Love" single, the band signed a contract with major record label WEA. At the same time Ben Gunn left in an atmosphere of unanimous bitterness. Gunn stated that he did not agree with the direction Andrew Eldritch was taking the band which, according to Gunn, started out as a joke on serious rock’n’roll outfits, but eventually became one. Gunn also mentioned personality conflicts with Andrew Eldritch as a reason for his departure.

Early years (1981-1983)
The band regrouped with Craig Adams on bass, while Eldritch’s drumming was replaced by a drum machine, leaving him to concentrate on vocals. The drum machine was christened Doktor Avalanche, and all of its numerous successors kept this name. Andrew Eldritch took over lyrics-writing, Doktor-programming, and record-producing duties, while sharing the music-writing with Marx and (occasionally) Adams. This became what is generally recognised as the first real Sisters line-up. It began with the Doktor/Eldritch/Marx/Adams incarnation of the band playing a gig in the Riley Smith Hall of the University of Leeds [England]’s Union building in early 1981. Unsurprisingly, nobody can remember the exact date so, for historic purposes, the band and fans have often celebrated the anniversary of the February 16, 1981 concert, in Vanbrugh College, York, England - the band’s second ever gig in the form. In 2001, it was the scene of the band’s 20th anniversary concert, complete with iced cupcakes for the audience. Later in 1981, Ben Gunn established himself as the second guitarist after several others came and went. Eldritch’s melancholic baritone, Craig Adams’s pulsating bass, Doktor Avalanche’s beat and Gary Marx’s flowing guitar led the band to early underground success. The band’s singles were regularly featured in UK independent charts; some became single of the week in various UK indie magazines. John Ashton of Psychedelic Furs produced the early classic "Alice". The Reptile House EP is another example of early Sisters work and marks the maturing

First and Last and Always era (1984-1985)
Ben Gunn was replaced by Wayne Hussey, who concentrated on 12 string electric and acoustic guitars while also contributing as a songwriter. His studio-experience with Dead or Alive also proved to be invaluable as the band set out to record their first full-length album. The Black October UK tour (OctoberNovember 1984) confirmed the underground cult status of the band. However, the growing alienation between Eldritch and the rest of the group was getting out of hand during the recording of the debut First and Last and Always album. Eldritch’s deteriorating health and psychological problems worsened the situation. The causes of these issues were frequently written about in the gossip columns of the music press of the time, NME, Melody Maker and Sounds. Most songs on the album were written and rehearsed by Marx, Hussey, and Adams, with Eldritch stepping in at the latest stage to write lyrics and add vocals. Following the release of First and Last and Always, produced by David M. Allen (producer of albums such as The Cure’s Disintegration, but not to be confused with the bass player of Gang Of Four--also a record producer) (March 11, 1985), Gary Marx split from

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the band in the middle of a supporting tour, citing inability to continue working with Andrew Eldritch. The group completed the tour as a three-piece act, and said farewell to the fans with the final gig in London’s Royal Albert Hall on June 18, 1985. Video recordings of this show were later released as "Wake". A music video of the song Black Planet was also released in which the Monkeemobile was featured. Promotional videos were also made for the singles Body And Soul, Walk Away, and No Time To Cry, but as of yet none of these videos, including Black Planet, have been officially released by the band.

The Sisters of Mercy
band was able to release their material through an independent outlet. However, Eldritch stated elsewhere that the "2" "5" "0" "0" "0" which opens "Jihad" on the Sisterhood LP represents the sum of money he won from the Mission in the civil courts. He states in an interview, recorded in Boston, that the English courts did not recognize either his or the other members’ of the band’s legal right to the name "The Sisterhood." He said the courts required a release for anybody to claim ownership of the band name, which was the motivation for the initial Sisterhood single. After that single had been released, Eldritch officially owned the name, and could sue, which he did. He won 25,000 pounds in his lawsuit, and opened the Sisterhood album with that number in order to show his gratitude to Wayne Hussey and The Mission for their generous financial contribution, and to indicate that the matter was closed with no hard feelings.

The split (1985-1986)
Shortly after the last gig Eldritch relocated to Hamburg, while Hussey and Adams announced their decision to split off to form their own group, citing artistic and personal differences with Eldritch. During the highly publicised soap opera dubbed the Corporate Wars that followed, the new band started playing concerts under name of The Sisterhood, playing Hussey’s songs originally written for the Sisters but vetoed by Eldritch. These include the songs "Dance on Glass" and "Garden of Delight", which had originally been recorded (but not released) by the Sisters with Eldritch on vocals, but which Hussey went on to record with his band. Meanwhile, Eldritch protested their usage of Sisterhood name as too similar to The Sisters of Mercy and a name that had been applied to the fan community of The Sisters of Mercy, and in an attempt to stop the practice released the single "Giving Ground" by his own band, The Sisterhood. The single was later followed by the album Gift. The other band eventually christened themselves The Mission amidst suspicions that the whole affair had been a PR stunt to jumpstart The Mission’s career. According to some sources, with these releases Andrew Eldritch allegedly won over Hussey and Adams a race for £25,000 (a sum opening the song Jihad on the Gift album) advance offered by the publishers to the first member of The Sisters of Mercy to release any output. This would tie Eldritch to WEA and release Hussey and Adams from their contract with the same record company. According to Tony Perrin (Mission manager) the case never went to court and Hussey’s new

Floodland era (1987-1989)
Left to his own devices, Eldritch recorded the Floodland album (November 13, 1987), marking a shift away from guitar-based rock towards an atmospheric, Wagnerian, keyboardoriented explorations pioneered in Gift. The album was produced by Eldritch and Larry Alexander, with contributions from Jim Steinman on two songs. American singer and bass guitarist Patricia Morrison was recruited from The Gun Club, a band which had toured with the Sisters during their previous incarnation. Morrison had also worked with Eldritch in The Sisterhood. The band did not play live during this period.

Vision Thing era (1990-1993)
The next incarnation of The Sisters of Mercy featured an unknown German guitarist, Andreas Bruhn, whom Eldritch apparently discovered playing in a Hamburg pub; controversial bassist Tony James (ex-Sigue Sigue Sputnik guitarist and Generation X bassist/ songwriter); and last-minute recruit Tim Bricheno, formerly of All About Eve, on guitars. The new line-up kicked off with the Vision Thing album, released October 22, 1990, produced by Eldritch (one song, the single "More", was a co-production and co-written with Jim Steinman). The album also featured guitarist John Perry with backing vocals by

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Maggie Reilly. Designed as an assault on USA policies -- the title a quotation from Vice President George Bush in 1987 -- it marked another change of direction, this time towards guitar-oriented rock. The band launched a 1990-1991 world tour to promote the album. In 1991 they organized a controversial North American tour in double-act with Public Enemy. Fearing a clash between white fans of Sisters with the black following of Public Enemy, several towns banned the performances, and the tour was canceled halfway through. Late in 1991, Tony James left the group for his solo career; bass duties were transferred to Doktor Avalanche. The USA tour fiasco did not help the already strained relationship between Eldritch and the Sisters’ new record company EastWest, a WEA subsidiary (the band was assigned to it 1989 following an internal shuffle in WEA). Conflicts with WEA led to termination of band’s USA record distribution deal circa 1991-1992, so the last records of the group are only available in USA as imports. Under the insistence of the record company the band rerecorded their early single "Temple of Love" (with Ofra Haza on additional vocals) to promote the collection of their early independently released singles, entitled Some Girls Wander By Mistake (1992). At the end of the year, Tim Bricheno left the band and was replaced in 1993 by Adam Pearson. Adam Pearson was the only guitarist on the "Under the Gun" single, which also featured Terri Nunn on backing vocals. The single was recorded to promote the "Greatest Hits" compilation, A Slight Case of Overbombing (1993). These releases turned out to be the last commercial recordings from the band to date. Andreas Bruhn was reportedly out of the band in spirit by this time, but continued to tour with it in 1993. Following the last concerts in December 1993, The Sisters of Mercy went into what Andrew Eldritch called a "strike against EastWest".

The Sisters of Mercy

The Sisters of Mercy performing on the main stage of Spirit of Burgas, August 2008 the company agreed to accept material recorded under the SSV name instead of two albums for which the Sisters of Mercy had contractual obligations. The company agreed to accept the material (techno-like droning featuring mumbling vocals by Andrew Eldritch, without drums) without listening to it first. The recordings were never officially released and circulated only through pirate MP3s. The band do not have a record contract and have refused to release new material independently. Rumours persist that Eldritch’s starting negotiating position is $3 million USD for 3 albums although this has never been verified. Despite having no new recorded material to promote, Eldritch has revived the band for short tours every year since 1996, except 2004. The band plays unreleased songs, obscure B-sides, and reworked old classics. In 2005 Adam Pearson played his last trek of concerts with the Sisters together with new guitarist Chris "Robochrist" May. Pearson has since moved on to play for the MC5, replaced by Ben Christodoulou, formerly of UK punk/metal band AKO. Many fans continue to believe that a 4th studio album is being recorded, despite no recent verification that this is the case from Eldritch himself. The official Sisters of Mercy website has contained the same "update" for several years; “ Now that the moribund relationship with East West Records is officially over, it seemed reasonable to bang out a few singles - independently while we’re putting an album together (which usually takes a long time) and getting somebody to put it out ”

Late years (1996-)
The band was revived in 1996 for several gigs supporting the Sex Pistols. Andreas Bruhn’s place was taken alternatively by Chris Sheehan and Mike Varjak. The contract with EastWest was terminated in 1997 after

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with a bit of muscle (which usually takes even longer). This series of independent singles was due to start with a stonking (of course) version of ’SUMMER’. The music to ’SUMMER’ was written by Adam Pearson. The words were written by Andrew Eldritch. It’s very pretty, and probably very cruel. It goes like a freight train painted in the shiniest yellows and blues. We planned to add another version of it (Adam supplying remix and Kleenex), and a third track which should have been one of the other new songs; we didn’t decide which one. It might have been something you’ve heard us play live; it might not. What with one thing and another, this was not to be. Sorry. We are working on an album, inter alia, but the matter of single releases is currently on hold. In October 2006, Side-Line Music Magazine announced that the band was in talks with the Universal sublabel W14 Music.[1] Signed or not signed, three Sisters Of Mercy reissues were released on November 3, 2006 in Europe (and October 30 in the USA) via Wea International: "First And Last And Always" (1985), "Floodland" (1987) and "Vision Thing" (1990). All 3 albums contained bonus tracks.[2] In a recent interview[3] with Side-Line Gary Marx also explains what happened to the ’lost’ album he wrote for The Sisters Of Mercy in 1995. The official Sisters of Mercy website has remained essentially the same since it went online. The Merciful Release and Reptile House links have been shown as Site Under Construction for several years. The Sisters of Mercy have not released new recorded material since 1993. Even lead-guitarist Ben Christo told Side-Line[4] that he doesn’t know if and when a new album would be released. In the fall of 2008, the Sisters of Mercy toured North America. At the time of writing, concert dates are scheduled in Europe from February to April 2009, Lebanon and Israel in May 2009, and South America in June 2009.

The Sisters of Mercy

Influence
The band cited Leonard Cohen, Hawkwind, Gary Glitter, The Velvet Underground, The Stooges, Motörhead, Suicide, The Birthday Party, and The Fall as among their influences.[5] Cohen himself wrote and performed a song entitled "Sisters of Mercy" on his debut album, Songs of Leonard Cohen. The band shares influences with other bands in the first wave of what is termed "goth" music. Whilst the band enjoys a considerable fan base with overlapping interests in so-called dark culture, The Sisters of Mercy consider themselves first and foremost a rock band. They have actively discouraged their association with "goth" via regular public statements in the press, not to mention stipulations in their standard contract riders. Nevertheless, this has not stopped them from regularly appearing at festivals where this music is featured, such as M’era Luna. In addition, The Sisters of Mercy were highly influential to the second wave of Gothic rock bands.

Members
The Sisters of Mercy line-ups
(1980-81) • Andrew Eldritch, vocals, keyboards, guitars • Gary Marx, guitars, vocals on one early track • Doktor Avalanche, drum machine (1981-83) • Andrew Eldritch, vocals, keyboards, guitars • Gary Marx, guitars, vocals on one early track • Ben Gunn, guitars • Craig Adams, bass • Doktor Avalanche, drum machine (1984-85) • Andrew Eldritch, vocals, keyboards, guitars • Gary Marx, guitars, vocals on one early track • Wayne Hussey, guitars, backing vocals • Craig Adams, bass • Doktor Avalanche, drum machine (1985-89) • Andrew Eldritch, vocals, keyboards, guitars • Patricia Morrison, bass

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• Doktor Avalanche, drum machine (1989) • Andrew Eldritch, vocals, keyboards, guitars • Patricia Morrison, bass • Andreas Bruhn, guitars • Doktor Avalanche, drum machine (According to the Vision Thing booklet, there was a period when both Patricia and Andreas were on board.)

The Sisters of Mercy
• Doktor Avalanche, drum machine (2000-03) • Andrew Eldritch, vocals, keyboards, guitars • Adam Pearson, guitars, backing vocals, bass • Chris Sheehan, guitars, backing vocals • Doktor Avalanche, drum machine (2005) • Andrew Eldritch, vocals, keyboards, guitars • Adam Pearson, guitars, backing vocals, bass • Chris Catalyst, guitars, backing vocals • Doktor Avalanche, drum machine • Andrew Eldritch, vocals, keyboards, guitars • Ben Christo, guitars, backing vocals • Chris Catalyst, guitars, backing vocals • Doktor Avalanche, drum machine

(1989-90) • Andrew Eldritch, vocals, keyboards, guitars • Andreas Bruhn, guitars • Tony James, bass • Doktor Avalanche, drum machine (1990-91) • Andrew Eldritch, vocals, keyboards, guitars • Andreas Bruhn, guitars • Tim Bricheno, guitars • Tony James, bass • Dan Donovan, keyboards • Doktor Avalanche, drum machine (1992) • Andrew Eldritch, vocals, keyboards, guitars • Andreas Bruhn, guitars • Tim Bricheno, guitars • Doktor Avalanche, drum machine • Andrew Eldritch, vocals, keyboards, guitars • Andreas Bruhn, guitars • Adam Pearson, guitars, backing vocals, bass • Doktor Avalanche, drum machine • Andrew Eldritch, vocals, keyboards, guitars • Adam Pearson, guitars, backing vocals, bass • Chris Sheehan, guitars, backing vocals • Doktor Avalanche, drum machine (2006-)

(1993)

Note: this list does not include short-lived members from 1980-1981, and live band members from 1990 onwards (from 1992-1993, one keyboardist and one keyboardist/singer; and from 1996 onwards, and a Doktor Avalanche operator, Simon Denbigh of the The March Violets, who was billed as ’Nurse’).

Doktor Avalanche
The original incarnation of Doktor Avalanche was a BOSS DR-55 ("Doctor Rhythm"); the Doktor was later replaced by a Roland TR-606, soon followed by a TR-808, and, briefly, a TR-909. On one album, First and Last and Always, an Oberheim DMX bore the Doktor name. With increased financial resources from sale of the album, the Doktor was upgraded to a Yamaha RX5, and subsequently reinforced by Akai S900 and S1000 samplers. An Akai S3200 has been used as studio equipment. Soon after, the first digital Doktor appeared in the form of a set of Compaq portable PCs, which had to be scrapped when it became impossible to maintain them because of a lack of spare parts.

(1996)

(1997-99) • Andrew Eldritch, vocals, keyboards, guitars • Adam Pearson, guitars, backing vocals, bass • Mike Varjak, guitars

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In recent years the "Digital Doktor" has been moved to a custom-built laptop designed by Andrew Eldritch and constructed by an English weapons manufacturing company. For a time there was some division in the band as the whether or not the Doktor should be moved to a Macintosh running Logic or remain as is. Doktor Avalanche also "runs" the on-line advice column on the Sisters’ web site.

The Sisters of Mercy
[5] Jennifer Park, "Melancholy and the Macabre: Gothic Rock and Fashion," Gothic: Dark Glamour by Valerie Steele and Jennifer Park, p. 145. [6] ^ Roberts, David (2006). British Hit Singles & Albums (19th ed.). London: Guinness World Records Limited. p. 504. ISBN 1-904994-10-5.

External links

Discography
Albums
Title Date US UK Alof Chart bums release position Chart[6] 1985 / #14

• Official website • Official U.K. website • Biography of Doktor Avalanche • The Sisters of Mercy history • Billboard Certification Information

First and Last and Always Floodland Vision Thing Some Girls Wander by Mistake
(Compilation of early independent singles.)

Gold (UK)

1987 1990 1992

#101 #136 /

#9 #11 #5

Gold (UK) Silver (UK) Silver (UK)

A Slight Case 1993 of Overbombing
(Compilation, Best of)

/

#14

Gold (UK)

Singles
"Detonation Boulevard", and "I Was Wrong" were released as promo-only singles, and "Black Planet" was released as the b-side of a USA-only Elektra promo 12" of "Walk Away".

References
[1] New label for Sisters Of Mercy ? - SideLine Music Magazine [2] Re-issued Sisters Of Mercy albums to hit streets next week - Side-Line Music Magazine [3] Gary Marx (ex-Sisters Of Mercy) - "The Nowhere Exhibition and a Then and Now" [4] Side-Line interviewed The Sisters Of Mercy

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Year Title Formats Album

The Sisters of Mercy
UK Singles Chart[6] -

1980 "The Damage Done" 1982 "Body Electric" 1982 "Alice" 1983 "Anaconda" 1983 "Alice" 1983 "The Reptile House EP" 1983 "Temple of Love" 1984 "Body and Soul"

7"

compiled on Some Girls Wander By Mistake compiled on Some Girls Wander By Mistake compiled on Some Girls Wander By Mistake compiled on Some Girls Wander By Mistake compiled on Some Girls Wander By Mistake compiled on Some Girls Wander By Mistake compiled on Some Girls Wander By Mistake title track (only) compiled on A Slight Case of Overbombing: Greatest Hits, Vol. 1 First and Last and Always

7" 7" 7" 12" 12" 7", 12" 7", 12"

46

1984 "Walk Away" 7", 12" (initial copies w/ flexidisc) 1985 "No Time to Cry" 1987 "This Corrosion" 1988 "Dominion" 7", 12"

45

First and Last and Always

63 7 13 20 14 37 -

7", 12", Cassette, Floodland CD 7", 12", Cassette, Floodland CD

1988 "Lucretia My 7", 12", Cassette, Floodland Reflection" CD 1990 "More" 1990 "Doctor Jeep" 1991 "When You Don’t See Me" 7", 12", Cassette, Vision Thing CD, Ltd. CD 7", 12", Ltd. 12", Cassette, CD Vision Thing

7", 12", CD (Ger- Vision Thing many only) compiled on A Slight Case of Overbombing: Greatest Hits, Vol. 1 A Slight Case of Overbombing: Greatest Hits, Vol. 1

1992 "Temple of 7", 12", CD, Ltd. Love (1992)" CD 1993 "Under the Gun" 7", 12", CD, Ltd. CD

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Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Sisters_of_Mercy" Categories: British alternative rock groups, Musical groups established in 1980, English rock music groups, Gothic rock groups, Music from Leeds, The Sisters of Mercy

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The Sisters of Mercy

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