Pakistan Job Opportunities - Excel
Pakistan Job Opportunities document sample
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Rapid Assessment Form WASH KEY QUESTIONS D17 Loway-e-Chanzda-Zerehdar Name of assessed area (District & Gozar) Behind the Police Station / MoDefense closed land Exact location (Administrative division, GPS coordinates) Kabul city Date of assessment 31/12/2009 04/01/2010 Assessment team 31/12/2009 quick assessment (WASH Co, S&E Co, Najib) 04/01/2010 + 10/01/2010 deep assessment (Mustafa. Nawab, Rona) Khan Pacha 0 787 831 588 People met (name, position & contact) Nor Agha Malek Zada 0 786 209 496 Khan Pacha 0 787 831 588 Name of Shura's representatives Nor Agha Malek Zada 0 786 209 496 Number of mosque division 0 Number of houses 25 rooms Number of families and persons 48 (around 336 persons) Average number of people per house / per family 7 persons/HH, 2 HH/room Ethnical origin: Pashtun (P), Tadjik (T), Hazara (H), Other (spell it) 99 % Tadjik from Parwan (Bayanolia village) but came back from Pakistan 2 years ago Number of mosques in the assessed area 0 Latrines & water point available in the mosque 0 General information Number of schools / presence of latrines & water point in the schools 0 Number of children under 5 years old 80 Number of IDPs / refugees arriving during the 12 last months / date of arrival 0 Number of IDPs / refugees arriving during the 3 last years / date of arrival 336 Main causes of arrival (war, job opportunities…) Job opportunities, war Number of jobless 20% of men Number of widows 5 or 10, it depends Number of orphans 17 or 45, it depends % of vulnerable people 23 + 3 disabled On-going projects Are there any other ongoing or future WASH projects? No Crisis situation Into which phase/type of crisis would you place your diagnosis? Emergency Grievances Has a need been put forward by the community? House/tents, food, sleeping items, clothes, water What are the main problems brought up by the population? What are the needs in water, sanitation and hygiene? What is their impact on the population’s health? Sources (meeting / field Nature of WASH problem Themes Questions Assessment observation / beneficiary) What are the main diseases that affect the population? What are their causes? What health structures exist in the area? Free clinic of Mariam school Health structures What is their structure at the different administrative level? Private clinic in case of emergency What are the actual main water-borne diseases (see epidemic)? Cold, pneumonia, diarrhoea, skin diseases Health Before the crisis, which were the main water-borne diseases? N/A Disease incidences linked to Is the problem directly linked to the crisis? WASH What is the prevalence of water-borne diseases? Mortality rate for children under 5 years old with diarrheal diseases? 0 Mortality rate for children under 5 years old with malaria? 0 Mortality rate of infants/children (under 5 years old)? 0 Crude mortality rate? What are the threshold factors: destruction of health systems? Or difficult access to WASH? Access to WASH and health centre What could be the cause of diseases with especially high incidence in the area? Hygiene problems Do populations have access to an adequate supply of drinking water in satisfactory amount and quality, and is it at a reasonable distance, reasonably priced and secure? What are the different water resources available (hand pumps, rivers, springs, wells, Water tanker (700 afg) is coming every 1 or 2 days public drinking fountains)? 1 JC 30 L = 10 afs Availability What water supply sources are being used by households? Water tanker For what uses? Identify the main one? (seasonality?) Water tanker Quantify the number of planned works (Take GPS coordinates) N/A What is the percentage of the population with sustainable access to an improved water Coverage rate 100% supply? (coverage rate for potable water) What is the average amount of water available per day and per person? 20 lpc What is the quality of potable water? Not bad but quality to check, bad storage conditions Quantity and quality Are there seasonal variations? No Supply of potable water Is the water treated? Yes? What is the average distance between household(s) and water point(s)? 1 hand pump at 2 hours, don't go there regularly Are there any other difficulties with access? Access How much time is dedicated to obtain water (journey to and waiting period at the water 2 hours to go and come back point)? What are the conditions of the water points? Are they well-kept? Bad, stagnant water Measures/ Are they protected? Is there any stagnant water surrounding the water point? Protection of resources Are the water points perennial throughout the year? Yes Is there a way of managing the structures in place? Resource management Don't know What expertise is available within the community? Other use What kind of water is used for farming and breeding? N/A Are there any natural constraints to consider with respect to the global management of Environment No water resources? (hydraulic / hydro-geologic operation) What are the factors restricting the supply of potable water? Is this because of quantity, quality or access (waiting time, distance, price, security problems)? Distance and incomes Do the populations have access to an improved sanitation system and healthy environment? Open defecation within the military camp practiced by children and men, one container is Practices What is the current sewage system? also used but mainly by women What is the average number of persons per latrines in public places? N/A Coverage rate What is the percentage of the population with access to sanitation? (coverage of 0% sanitation access) Do latrines represent a pollution risk? Yes even if the container is far away from the building Environmental risks Do garbage represent a pollution risk? Sanitation To a lesser extent for garbage & waste waters Do waste waters represent a pollution risk? What is the state of the latrines (flies present, smell...)? Are they maintained/cleaned? Container totally full of stools, not clean at all Management How are they managed? How is the waste disposed / managed? Some dump sites within the compound How is the rainwater drained? Is there any stagnant waters? Larvae deposits? Other disease vectors Not too much stagnant waters Do you have any vectors implying a real sanitary risk (flies, mites, lice, fleas, ticks, rats, cockroaches) Which are the factors responsible for degrading the environmental conditions of said population, that can be vectors of disease transmission? Garbage management, access to latrines Which are the limiting factors: lack of baseline infrastructures? Non adaptable design/layout ? Hygienic conditions or behaviors inadequate? All What are the populations hygienic behaviors, aptitudes and practices ? What are the local initiatives regarding disease prevention? Do people wash their hands at the key moments? Yes before eating Do the families have the habit of using soap? Or ashes? Yes but do not buy systematically If not why? Knowledge, aptitudes and practices Does the transportation in place and the storage methods present a contamination risk for the water? JC are dirty, no lids Do the families have storage containers or water drawing containers? Hygiene Do the families have showers at their disposal? No Are there any community actions that promote hygiene? (community communication, No health agents, school modules…) What are the riskful practices that can be responsible for the transmission of water-related diseases? Open defecation by children, poor hygiene practices What are the limiting factors? Absence of standard items of hygiene? Poor knowledge or bad practices? All What are the local entities on which the project can find support and help towards insuring its perpetuation ? Which are the entities responsible for managing water, hygiene and sanitation at a national scale?(organization, relationships, organizational policy frameworks. Who is a decision maker? Who is an operational? Id. on regional scale? Id. on a community scale ? Capacities, initiatives and local cultures Social management of WASH Are there any operational guidelines ? What are the cultural constraints to have in account? What are the initiatives, the entities and the assets of each community, on which the project can find support? Identify the limits of the local players' capacities when implementing sustainable politics for the access to water and to a healthy environment? Absence of of players implicated in the GSE? Lack of formation? Lack of means? Etc. PICTURES Rapid Assessment Form GENERAL QUESTIONS D17 Loway-e-16-Zerehdar Name of assessed area (District & Gozar) Behind the Police Station / MoDefense closed land Exact location (Administrative division, GPS coordinates) Kabul city Date of assessment 31/12/2009 04/01/2010 31/12/2009 quick assessment (WASH Co, S&E Co, Najib) Assessment team 04/01/2010 deep assessment (Mustafa. Nawab, Rona) People met (name, position & contact) Khan Pacha 0 787 831 588 Sources (meeting / field Nature of problems Themes Questions Assessment observation / beneficiary) What is the actual or likely impact on the host community and what is their attitude No problem towards the camp community? Do they have access to community infrastructures (mosque, school, health center, Because of the big size of the camp location, no access to any market)? What is the attitude of the local authorities towards the camp community? Gave permission to stay here for 3 months till end of March Protection Are there any security problems? No problem Does violence occur? What types of violence? Where? No problem What is the condition of the host community? If assistance is provided to the camp, No should the host community also be assisted? Do all people have adequate shelter? (3,5 m2/person + windbreak) 25 rooms for 48 HH, not enough Are shelters well protected against wind, rain, snow…? Not really, could be dangerous if heavy snow, leakages, roof in bad state Is the roof suitable ? How is built the shelter? (material and quantity, number of room, separation Shelter/Housing Practice Cooked bricks but ancient building, no separation parents/children) Where the material to build the shelter come from? N/A What is the practice for heating the shelter? (capacity to insure permanent and safe Sandali with charcoal heating) Cooking Do people have basic cooking items? (pans, plates, etc.) Not enough for all Do people have basic hygiene items? (soap, shampoo, washing powder, sanitary towel, When have money, buy soap only Hygiene women's hygiene items, toothbrush, toothpaste, jerrycan, bucket, nail cutter, comb, ORS, Women use cotton fabrics and wash it after use ewer etc.) Non Food Items Do family have enough blankets? Not one per person Sleeping items Do family have enough mats, tuchak, carpet? Yes Water supply Do family have enough jerrycan, drum, reservoir? (number per family, volume, state) 2 to 4 JC of 20L What are the main dishes eated? Rice, bread, oil Is it enough in term of quantity and diversity? What are the main supplies of food? (market, shop, food distribution, etc.) Shops at Saray-e-Shamali Access What are the factors limiting access to the markets? Far away (the camp is located within a big ex-military camp) and incomes List the prices of the main food products, how have they evolved? 50 kg bag flour 800 afs, 7 kg rice 140 afs, 1l oil 190 afs, 7 kg beans 450 afs Have some products disappeared from or appeared in diets? (average cost per family Do not buy meat, vegetables & fruits per day) Food Do people have food stocks, for how long will they last? No only for 1 day Storage Is storage capacity adequate? What is stored? Not really How and by whom? What percentage loss of foodstuffs? Are culinary practices / food preparation appropriate? (Hygiene, cooking, taboos) Yes even if they cook on the ground Use/Consumption What fuel is used for cooking? Plastic, cardboard for cooking What is the frequency of supply? Charcoal for sandali What is the practise to feed babies? (breastfeeding, maternal milk, first age to consume Breastfeeding till 2 years old solid food) What types of health problems are most widespread in the community? (in winter, in Summer: diarrhoea, skin diseases summer) Winter: pneumonia Are there significant numbers of sick or injured persons? 2 What are the mortality rates within the last three months? (adult, children, children under 2 children died of H1N1 (4 and 7 years old)! 5) Health problems Number of maternal death and infantal death? (last 3 months) No Are there any signs of malnutrition? (oedema, emaciated bottom) Yes, 4 Health Which types of health problems are covered? Which are not covered? Are childrens vaccinated, which vaccins? Polio by MoPH for children < 5 years old How far is the closest health facility? (free access or difficulties) Free clinic of Mariam school Facilities Who do people go to see when they are not well? First clinic and after private doctor Do deliveries assisted by skilled midwife? At house with experienced women Number of widows? 13 from representative / 5 from women Number of orphans? 24 from representative / 17 from women Vulnerable groups Vulnerable groups Number of people suffering of disability? (nature of disability) 4 (one person without feet, one with intestine outside) Is there a specific assistance (external) or community support for these groups? No What are the main sources of household incomes? Workers 80 afs per day Percentage of people working in marginal / temporary activities (daily worker)? 80% What is the average household income per day? Summer 150-200 afs per day Incomes Does it vary during the year? Winter 80-100 afs per day What kind of income generative activities do they have? No Is credit available? Yes, 20,000 afs borrowed Is indebtedness a serious constraint in the area? Is there a school in the camp? No Is there teachers in the camp? No Education Who goes to public school? No What does girls and boys, who do not go to school, do with their times? Collect plastic, wood, cardboard Who stay at home? Who's in charge? Women What is the impact on the family? Was assessment performed previously? When? No By whom? What assistance is already being provided by the host community, the government, UN organizations and NGOs? No Others Actors (Authorities, Is the assistance adequate and sustainable? NGOs, UN agencies) What is the authoritie's policy regarding assistance to the camp? Asked many times to MoRR to get assistance Did you make any official request to authorities for assistance? Are there any major constraints likely to affect a further assistance operation? No Which 3 needs do you consider the most important/urgent? (ranking needs) House/tents, food, blankets/tushaks, clothes Who do you consider to be involved in case Solidarités is able to provide assistance? Community involvement What will be the availability of the community persons for hygiene awareness sessions? How the community should be involved in the assistance? Manpower Can we consider any community participation by in kind (labour)?