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Orlando, Florida

Orlando, Florida
City of Orlando Area - City - Land - Water Elevation 101.0 sq mi (261.5 km2) 93.5 sq mi (242.2 km2) 7.5 sq mi (19.3 km2) 98 ft (34 m)

Population (2007)[2][3] 227,907 - City 2,180.06/sq mi (842.01/ - Density km2) 2,032,496 - Metro
2007 estimates



Time zone - Summer (DST) Area code(s) FIPS code GNIS feature ID Website

EST (UTC-5) EDT (UTC-4) 321, 407 12-53000[4] 0288240[5] www.cityoforlando.net

Nickname(s): The City Beautiful, O-Town Motto: "Say Yes to Orlando"[1]

Location in Orange County and the state of Florida

U.S. Census Map

Coordinates: 28°32′37″N 81°22′22″W / 28.54361°N 81.37278°W / 28.54361; -81.37278 Country State County Settled Government - Mayor United States Florida Orange 1875 Buddy Dyer (D)

Orlando is a major city in the U.S. state of Florida. It is the county seat of Orange County, located in Central Florida. Orlando is also the principal city of Greater Orlando. The Orlando-Kissimmee MSA is Florida’s third largest metropolitan area, behind Miami and Tampa, and the 8th largest metropolitian area in the south and is one of the fastest growing metro areas in the sunbelt. The city itself is the sixth most populous in Florida. Orlando is home to the University of Central Florida, which is the second largest university in Florida in student enrollment and has the fourteenth largest enrollment in the nation. The city is well known for the many tourist attractions in the area, in particular the nearby Walt Disney World Resort, which is located in Lake Buena Vista about 14 miles (23 km) southwest of Orlando city limits via Interstate 4. Other notable area attractions include SeaWorld and Universal Orlando Resort. The region sees an estimated 52 million tourists a year. Orlando has the second largest number of hotel rooms in the country (after Las Vegas, Nevada), and is one of the busiest American cities for conferences and conventions with the Orange County Convention Center, the country’s second largest in square footage. It is also known for its wide


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array of golf courses, with numerous courses available for any level of golfer. Located several miles away from the main tourist attractions, Downtown Orlando is undergoing major redevelopment with a number of residential projects, commercial towers, and major public works projects including the Orlando Events Center and the Dr. P. Phillips Orlando Performing Arts Center. Orlando ranks as the fourth most popular city, based on where people want to live, according to a 2009 Pew Research Center study.[6] Metro Orlando has a rapidly growing $13.4 billion technology industry employing 53,000 people, and is a nationally recognized cluster of innovation in digital media, agritechnology, aviation, aerospace, and software. More than 150 international companies, representing approximately 20 countries, have facilities in Metro Orlando. The city symbol is the fountain of Lake Eola and the current mayor is Buddy Dyer.

Orlando, Florida
Prior to being known as its current name, Orlando was known as Jernigan, after the first permanent settler, cattleman Aaron Jernigan, who acquired land along Lake Holden by the terms of the Armed Occupation Act of 1842. But most pioneers did not arrive until after the Third Seminole War in the 1850s. Most of the early residents made their living by cattle ranching. After Mosquito County was divided in 1845, Orlando became the county seat of the new Orange County in 1856. It remained a rural backwater during the Civil War, and suffered greatly during the Union blockade. The Reconstruction Era brought a population explosion, which led to Orlando’s incorporation as a town on July 31, 1875, and as a city in 1885.[7] The period from 1875 to 1895 is remembered as Orlando’s Golden Era, when it became the hub of Florida’s citrus industry. But the Great Freeze of 1894–95 forced many owners to give up their independent groves, thus consolidating holdings in the hands of a few "citrus barons" who shifted operations south, primarily around Lake Wales in Polk County.


Lake Lucerne in c. 1905 Historians date Orlando’s name to around 1837, when a soldier named Orlando Reeves allegedly died in the area during the Second Seminole War. It seems, however, that Orlando Reeves (sometimes Rees) operated a sugar mill and plantation about 30 miles (50 km) to the north at Spring Garden in Volusia County, and pioneer settlers simply found his name carved into a tree and assumed it was a marker for his grave site. They then referred to the area as "Orlando’s grave" and later simply Orlando. A memorial beside Lake Eola designates the spot where the city’s namesake fell. During the Second Seminole War, the U.S. Army established an outpost at Fort Gatlin, a few miles south of the modern downtown, in 1838. But it was quickly abandoned when the war came to an end. The Wyoming Hotel in c. 1905 There were a couple of notable homesteaders in the area, including the Curry family. Through their property in east Orlando flowed the Econlockhatchee River, which travelers crossed by fording. This would be commemorated by the street’s name, Curry Ford Road. Also, just south of the airport in the Boggy Creek area was 150 acres (0.61 km2) of property homesteaded in the late 1800s by the Ward family. This property is still owned by the Ward family, and can be seen from flights out of MCO southbound immediately on the south side of SR-417. Orlando, as Florida’s largest inland city, became a popular resort during the years between the Spanish-American War and


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World War I. The city was also host to several SKEET, which serves as the basis for its hospitals today. In the 1920s, Orlando experienced extensive housing development during the Florida Land Boom. Land prices soared. During this period several neighborhoods in downtown were constructed, endowing it with many bungalows. The boom ended when several hurricanes hit Florida in the late 20s and by the Great Depression. During World War II, a number of Army personnel were stationed at the Orlando Army Air Base and nearby Pinecastle Army Air Field. Some of these servicemen stayed in Orlando to settle and raise families. In 1956 the aerospace/defense company Martin Marietta (now Lockheed Martin) established a plant in the city. Orlando AAB and Pinecastle AAF were transferred to the United States Air Force in 1947 when it became a separate service and were redesignated as Air Force Bases (AFB). In 1958, Pinecastle AFB was renamed McCoy Air Force Base after Colonel Michael N.W. McCoy, a former commander of the 320th Bombardment Wing at the installation, killed in the crash of a B-47 Stratojet bomber north of Orlando. In the 1960s, the base subsequently became home to the 306th Bombardment Wing of the Strategic Air Command (SAC), operating B-52 Stratofortress and KC-135 Stratotanker aircraft, in addition to detachment operations by EC-121 and U-2 aircraft. Orlando is close enough to Patrick Air Force Base, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, and Kennedy Space Center for residents to commute to work from the city’s suburbs. It also allows easy access to Port Canaveral, an important cruise ship terminal. Because of its proximity to the Space Coast near the Kennedy Space Center, many high-tech companies have shifted to the Orlando area.

Orlando, Florida
Perhaps the most critical event for Orlando’s economy occurred in 1965 when Walt Disney announced plans to build Walt Disney World. Although Disney had considered the regions of Miami and Tampa for his park, one of the major reasons behind his decision not to locate there was due to hurricanes— Orlando’s inland location, although not free from hurricane damage, exposed it to less threat than coastal regions. The famous vacation resort opened in October 1971, ushering in an explosive population and economic growth for the Orlando metropolitan area, which now encompasses Orange, Seminole, Osceola, and Lake counties. As a result, tourism became the centerpiece of the area’s economy. Orlando is consistently ranked as one of the top vacation destinations in the world, and now boasts more theme parks and entertainment attractions than anywhere else in the world. Another major factor in Orlando’s growth occurred in 1962, when the new Orlando Jetport, the precursor of the present day Orlando International Airport, was built from a portion of the McCoy Air Force Base. By 1970, four major airlines (Delta Air Lines, National Airlines, Eastern Airlines and Southern Airways) were providing scheduled flights. McCoy Air Force Base officially closed in 1975, and most of it is now part of the airport. The airport still retains the former Air Force Base airport code (MCO). In addition to McCoy Air Force Base, Orlando also had a naval presence with the establishment of Naval Training Center Orlando on the former Orlando AFB in 1968. The newest of three Naval Training Centers in the United States providing training to recruits, as well as being a base for selected post basic training programs for enlisted personnel, NTC Orlando also conducted nuclear power training for commissioned officers and the base had a prominent presence in the area. In 1993, the Base Realignment and Closure Commission ordered that NTC Orlando be closed, along with a companion installation, NTC San Diego. NTC Orlando continued in a diminished capacity until the base closed for good in 1999 with the last graduates of the base’s Naval Nuclear Power School leaving in December 1998. The former base has been developed into tracts for upscale housing called Baldwin Park. Other than Reserve and National Guard activities, the Orlando area’s remaining military

Lucerne Circle in c. 1905


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presence is the Naval Air Warfare Center Training Systems Division/Naval Support Activity Orlando, located just east of the city limits in the Central Florida Research Park. The U.S. Army’s Program Executive Office for Simulation, Training and Instrumentation (PEO-STRI), the U.S. Marine Corps’ Program Manager for Training Systems (PMTRASYS) and the U.S. Air Force’s Agency for Modeling and Simulation are also collocated at that location.

Orlando, Florida
-81.37583 (28.533513, -81.375789).[10] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 261.5 km² (101 mi²). 242.2 km² (93.5 mi²) of it is land and 19.3 km² (7.5 mi²) of it (7.39%) is water. Orlando is, on average, 106 feet (32 m) above sea level.


Lake Eola in 1911 The SunTrust Center, the tallest building in Orlando at 441 ft (134 m), was built in 1988. The second tallest building is the VUE at Lake Eola (2008, 426 ft (130 m) tall, but with 35 stories it will have more stories than the SunTrust Center.[8][9] The third tallest is the Orange County Courthouse (1997, 416 ft (127 m). The next tallest buildings are the Bank of America Center (Formerly Barnett Plaza), built in 1988, 409 ft (125 m), Solaire at the Plaza, 2006, 359 ft (109 m) and the Orlando International Airport ATC Tower (2002, 346 ft (105 m). The SeaWorld SkyTower, at 400 ft (122 m) tall, is the tallest tower in Orange County outside Orlando proper. There are also several tall transmission towers in Orange County, the tallest of which is the WFTV transmission tower in Christmas at 1,617 ft (491.6 m) tall. In the hurricane season of 2004, Hurricanes Charley, Frances, and Jeanne battered the Orlando area, causing widespread damage and flooding and impeding tourism to the area.

House in the Lake Eola Heights Historic District Orlando has many neighborhoods within its city limits:[11] • 33rd St Industrial • Airport North • Audubon Park • Azalea Park • Bal Bay • Baldwin Park • Bel Air • Beltway Commerce Center • Boggy Creek • Bryn Mawr • Callahan • Camellia Gardens • Carver Shores • Catalina • Central Business District • Dover Shores West • Eagles Nest • East Central Park • East Park • Engelwood Park • Florida Center • Florida Center North • Haralson Estates • Hibiscus • Holden Heights • Holden/ Parramore • Johnson Village • Kirkman North • Lake Shore Village • Lake Sunset • Lake Terrace • Lake Underhill • Lake Weldona • Lancaster Park • LaVina • Lawsona/ Fern Creek • Lorna Doone • Malibu Groves • Mariners Village • Mercy Drive • Metro West • Millenia • Monterey • Narcoossee Groves • New Malibu

Orlando is located at 28°32′1″N 81°22′33″W / 28.53361°N 81.37583°W / 28.53361;

• Ric Es • Ric He • Rio Pa • Ro • Ro Pa • Ro • Ro • Ro No • Ro Ga • Se Ind • Sig • So Div • So • So Or • So Se • So Oa


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• City of Orlando/ GOAA • Clear Lake • College Park • Colonial Town Center • Colonialtown North • Colonialtown South • Conway • Countryside • Coytown • Crescent Park • Delaney Park • Dixie Belle • Dover Estates • Dover Manor • Dover Shores East • Kirkman South • Lake Cherokee • Lake Como • Lake Copeland • Lake Davis/ Greenwood • Lake Dot • Lake Eola Heights • Lake Fairview • Lake Formosa • Lake Fredrica • Lake Mann Estates • Lake Holden • Lake Mann Gardens • Lake Nona Central • Lake Nona Estates • Lake Nona South • Lake Richmond

Orlando, Florida

recorded temperature is 101 °F (39 °C), set • North • Southport July 2, 1998. Lake Orange • Spring During these months, strong af• Northlake ternoon thunderstorms occur almost daily. • The Dovers TheseThe Willows caused by air masses from Park at Lake • storms are the• Gulf of Mexico and the Atlantic Ocean Nona Thornton • Narcoosseecolliding over Central Florida. They are highPark lighted by spectacular lightning and can also South • Timberleaf bring Ventura rainfall (sometimes several heavy • Orlando • inches per East and powerful winds as well Executive • Vista hour) as occasional damaging hail. Airport • Wadeview During the cooler seasons, humidity is • Orlando Park lower Washington International • and temperatures are more moderate, and can fluctuate more readily. Average Airport Shores nighttime lows in January are around 50 °F • Orwin • Wedgewood (10 °C), and average daytime highs are about Manor Groves 72 • West °F (22 °C). Temperatures rarely reach be• Palomar low 32 °F (0 °C). Because the winter season • Park Central Colonial • Park Lake/ is dryWestfield freezing temperatures occur • and rare Highland after Windhover (and their accompanying • cold fronts precipitation) have passed, Orlando experi• Pershing ences no significant snowfall (only once has • Pineloch • Princeton/ measurable snow accumulated since recordSilver Star ing began at the airport in 1948). Very rarely the • Randall Park ingredients come together for flurries to occur, commonly ocean effect snow. The area around Orlando recorded up to 6" (15 cm) in 1977 during a snowstorm (which partly contributed to the idea of Disney’s blizzard Beach Water Park 20 years later). Reports of flurries in the Central Florida area include December 23, 1989, January 24, 2003, November 24, 2007, and January 3, 2008.[12] The average annual rainfall in Orlando is 50.1 in. (128 cm), most of it occurring in the period from June to September. The months Climate of October through May are Orlando’s driest Orlando has a warm and humid subtropical season. During this period (especially in its climate, and there are two major seasons later months), there is often a wildfire hazeach year. One of those seasons is hot and ard. During some years, fires have been rainy, lasting from the break of June until late severe. In 1998, an El Niño condition caused September (roughly coinciding with the Atan unusually wet January and February, follantic hurricane season). The other is the dry lowed by drought throughout the spring and season (October through May) that brings early summer, causing a record wildfire seamore moderate temperatures and less freson that created numerous air quality alerts quent rainfall. The area’s warm and humid in Orlando. climate is caused primarily by its low elevaOrlando has a considerable hurricane risk, tion and its position relatively close to the although it is not as high as it is in South Tropic of Cancer, and much of its weather is Florida’s urban corridor or other coastal reaffected by the movement of the Gulf Stream. gions. Since the city is located 42 miles During the height of Orlando’s very humid (68 km) inland from the Atlantic and 77 miles summer season, temperatures rarely fall be(124 km) inland from the Gulf of Mexico,[13] low 70 °F (21 °C), and daytime highs average hurricanes usually weaken before arriving. in the 90s (32-37 °C). Although the city rarely Storm surges are not a concern since the rerecords temperatures over 100 °F (38 °C), gion is 100 ft (30 m) above sea level. Despite extreme humidity can push the heat index to its location, the city does see strong hurover 110 °F (45 °C). The city’s highest ricanes. During the notorious 2004 hurricane


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season, Orlando was hit by three hurricanes that caused significant damage, with Hurricane Charley the worst of these. The city also experienced widespread damage during Hurricane Donna in 1960.

Orlando, Florida
to 64, and 11.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 94.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.3 males. The median income for a household in the city was $35,732, and the median income for a family was $40,648. Males had a median income of $30,866 versus $25,267 for females. The per capita income for the city was $21,216. About 13.3% of families and 15.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.0% of those under age 18 and 12.6% of those age 65 or over. Orlando is also home to one of the nation’s highest population percentage of LGBT people. According to a study by UCLA, 7.7% of Orlando’s population is gay, lesbian, or bisexual and with 5.7% of the entire metropolitan population, it ranks 9th in the nation.[16]

Historical populations Census Pop. %± 2,856 — 1890 2,481 −13.1% 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 3,894 9,282 27,330 36,736 52,367 88,135 99,006 128,251 164,693 185,951 57.0% 138.4% 194.4% 34.4% 42.5% 68.3% 12.3% 29.5% 28.4% 12.9%

In 2006, based on the Department of Justice’s FBI Criminal Justice Information Services Division, Orlando reported 4,300 violent crimes including 49 murders,[17] a record number since 36 in 1982. Crime in Orlando has been up 329% since 2006. Based on the Morgan Quitno Press "Safest and Most Dangerous Cities of 2008", Orlando ranked as the 18th most dangerous city in the country. Crime is being attacked by Orlando authorities with the installation of security cameras in Orlando. Traffic lights are merged with cameras capable of detecting out of ordinary activity. Once a smart camera detects this activity, it will zoom in on people of interest in an effort to identify them, and can also zoom in on a license plate. In 2008, 123 people were slain in Orlando and unincorporated Orange County, a new record. In 2009 Forbes magazine named Orlando the nation’s sixth most dangerous city in the United States. Forbes reports its data showed the Orlando-Kissimmee metropolitian area has a population of 2,020,346 with 845 violent crimes per 100,000 people.

Est. 2007 227,907 22.6% Population 1890-2000.[14] As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 185,951 people (2007 estimate counted 227,907 people), 80,883 households, and 42,382 families residing in the city. The population density was 767.9/km² (1,988.9/mi²). There were 188,486 housing units at an average density of 365.4/km² (946.4/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 61.10% White, 26.70% African American, 1.43% Asian, 0.34% Native American, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 5.41% from other races, and 2.54% from two or more races. 17.79% of the population was Hispanic or Latino of any race. Non-Hispanic Whites made up 50.8% of the population.[15] There were 80,883 households out of which 24.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 32.4% were married couples living together, 15.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 47.6% were non-families. 35.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.25 and the average family size was 2.97. In the city the population was spread out with 22.0% under the age of 18, 10.7% from 18 to 24, 37.3% from 25 to 44, 18.6% from 45

As of 2000, 75.43% of all residents speak English as their first language, while 16.60% speak Spanish, 1.93% speak Haitian Creole, 1.33% speak French, and 0.99% of the population speak Portuguese as their mother language.[18]


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Destinations from ORLANDO Apopka, Mount Dora, Eustis, Tavares, Leesburg, The Villages Eatonville, Maitland, Altamonte Springs, Longwood, Lake Mary, Sanford, Deltona, DeBary, DeLand

Orlando, Florida

Winter Park, Casselberry, Oviedo, Winter Springs, Daytona Beach, New Smyrna Beach, Ormond Beach Union Park, Avalon Park, Chuluota, Bithlo, Christmas, Titusville, Cocoa Beach, Cape Canaveral Saint Cloud, Harmony, Holopaw, Kenansville, Yeehaw Junction, Melbourne, Palm Bay

Windermere, Ocoee, Winter Garden, Clermont, Bushnell

Lake Buena Vista, Celebration, Edgewood, Belle Isle, KisDavenport, Winter Haven, simmee, Poinciana Lakeland N W S


Metropolitan Statistical Area
Orlando is the hub city of the Orlando-Kissimmee, Florida, Metropolitan Statistical Area, colloquially known as "Greater Orlando" or "Metro Orlando". The area encompasses four counties (Orange, Osceola, Seminole and Lake), and is currently the 27th-largest metro area in the United States with a 2007 Census-estimated population of 2,032,496.[19] When Combined Statistical Areas were instituted in 2000, Orlando was initially joined together with The Villages, Florida, Micropolitan Statistical Area, to form the Orlando-The Villages, Florida, Combined Statistical Area. In 2006, the metropolitan areas of Deltona (Volusia County) and Palm Coast (Flagler County) were added to create the OrlandoDeltona-Daytona Beach, Florida, Combined Statistical Area.[20] This new larger CSA has a total population (as of 2007) of 2,693,552,[21] and includes three of the 25 fastest-growing counties in the nation--Flagler ranks 1st; Osceola, 17th; and Lake, 23rd.[22]

The North Concourse of the Orange County Convention Center. The convention center is vital to Orlando’s tourist-based economy, hosting lots of visitors every year. being known for its wide range of its attractions including Walt Disney World Resort, Universal Orlando Resort, and Sea World Orlando. Over 48 million visitors came to the Orlando region in 2004. The convention industry is also critical to the region’s economy. The Orange County Convention Center, expanded in 2004 to over two million square feet (200,000 m²) of exhibition space, is now the second-largest convention complex in terms of space in the United States, trailing only McCormick Place in Chicago. The city vies with Chicago and Las Vegas for hosting the most convention attendees in the United States.[23]


See also: List of Florida companies and List of notable companies in Orlando, Florida A vital part of the Orlando area economy is involved in the tourist industry, with the city


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Metro Orlando has the 7th largest research park in the country (Central Florida Research Park) with over 1,025 acres. It is home to over 120 companies, employs more than 8,500 people, and is the hub of the nation’s military simulation and training programs. Metro Orlando is home to the simulation procurement commands for the U.S. Army, Navy, Air Force, Marines and Coast Guard. Orlando is a major industrial and hi-tech center. Lockheed-Martin has a large manufacturing facility for missile systems, aeronautical craft and related high tech research. Other notable engineering firms have offices or labs in Metro Orlando: KDF, General Dynamics, Harris, Mitsubishi Power Systems, Siemens, Veritas/Seagate, multiple USAF facilities, Naval Air Warfare Center Training Systems Division (NAWCTSD), Delta Connection Academy, Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University, GE, Air Force Agency for Modeling and Simulation (AFAMS), U.S. Army Program Executive Office for Simulation, Training, and Instrumentation (PEO STRI), AT&T, Boeing, CAE Systems Flight & Simulation Training, HP, Institute for Simulation and Training, National Center for Simulation, Northrop Grumman, and Raytheon Systems. The Naval Training Center until a few years ago was one of the two places where nuclear engineers were trained for the US Navy. Now the land has been converted into the Baldwin Park development. More than 150 international companies, representing approximately 20 countries, have facilities in Metro Orlando. Another developing sector is the film, television, and electronic gaming industries, aided by the presence of Universal Studios, Disney’s Hollywood Studios, Full Sail School, the Florida Interactive Entertainment Academy, and other entertainment companies and schools. Numerous office complexes for large corporations have popped up along the Interstate 4 corridor north of Orlando, especially in Maitland, Lake Mary and Heathrow. The U.S. modeling, simulation, and training (MS&T) industry is centered around the Orlando region as well, with a particularly strong presence in the Central Florida Research Park adjacent to UCF. Nearby Maitland is the home of Tiburon, a division of the video game company Electronic Arts. Originally Tiburon Entertainment, it was acquired by EA in 1998 after years of

Orlando, Florida
partnership, particularly in the famous Madden NFL series and NCAA Football series of video games. Orlando is the home base of Darden Restaurants, the parent company of Red Lobster and Olive Garden and the largest operator of restaurants in the world by revenue. They are building a new world headquarters and central distribution facility on John Young Parkway. Orlando has two non-profit hospital systems: Orlando Health and Florida Hospital. Orlando Health’s Orlando Regional Medical Center is home to Central Florida’s only Level I trauma center, and Winnie Palmer Hospital for Women and Babies and Florida Hospital Orlando have the area’s only Level III neonatal intensive care units. Florida Hospital’s main campus is ranked as one of the best hospitals in the nation, and has a renowned brain attack facility. Orlando’s medical leadership will be further advanced with the completion of UCF’s College of Medicine and a new VA Hospital, both of which will be located in a new medical district in the Lake Nona area of the city.[24] Historically, the unemployment rate in Greater Orlando was low, which resulted in growth that led to urban sprawl in the surrounding area and, in combination with the 2007 Subprime mortgage financial crisis, to the rising cost of home prices. Today, according to Workforce Central Florida, the March 2009 unemployment rate in Central Florida has increased to 9.9 percentSentinel. Housing prices in Greater Orlando went up 34% in one year, from an average of $182,000 in August 2004 to $245,000 in August 2005, and eventually to a record $255,000 in February 2007. They are tapering off, however, down to $211,000 in April 2008.[25]

See also: List of amusement parks in Greater Orlando and List of Orlando, Florida attractions For tourist information, see Wikitravel:Orlando. The Orlando area is home to a wide variety of tourist attractions, including the Walt Disney World Resort, Universal Orlando Resort, and SeaWorld Orlando. The Walt Disney World


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Orlando, Florida

The Universal Studios globe Stitch, and the early stages of Brother Bear and contributed on various other projects. Universal Studios’s Soundstage 21 is home to The TNA Impact Zone. Nickelodeon Studios, which through the 90s produced hundreds of hours of GAK-filled game shows targeted at children, no longer operates out of Universal Studios Florida. The Florida Film Festival in nearby Maitland is one of the most respected regional film festivals in the country and attracts budding filmmakers from around the world. In addition, the implosion of Orlando’s previous City Hall was filmed for the movie Lethal Weapon 3. Orlando’s indie film scene has been picking back up since Haxan Film’s The Blair Witch Project (1999) and a few years later with Charlize Theron winning her Academy Award for Monster (2003). A Florida state film incentive has also helped increase the amount of films being produced in Orlando and the rest of the state. The Orlando Metropolitan Area is also home to a substantial theatre population. Several professional and semi-professional houses and many community theaters dot the area including Orlando Shakespeare Theater, Orlando Repertory Theatre (Central Florida’s only Professional Theatre for Young Audiences), Orlando Theatre Project, Mad Cow Theatre, Theatre Downtown, The Osceola Center for the Arts, Winter Park Playhouse, Theatre Winter Haven, and IceHouse Theatre. Disney also a cast theater company known as S.T.A.G.E. as well as Encore, a cast choir and orchestra whose annual charity concerts have raised thousands of dollars. Additionally, both University of Central Florida and Rollins College (Winter Park) are home to well respected Theatre Departments

Cinderella Castle at the Magic Kingdom, Walt Disney World Resort resort is the area’s largest attraction with its many facets such as the Magic Kingdom, Epcot, Disney’s Hollywood Studios, Disney’s Animal Kingdom, Typhoon Lagoon, Blizzard Beach, and Downtown Disney. SeaWorld Orlando is a large park that features numerous zoological displays and marine animals alongside an amusement park with roller coasters and water park. Universal Orlando, like Walt Disney World, is a multi-faceted resort comprising Universal Studios Florida, CityWalk, and the Islands of Adventure theme park. Orlando attractions also significantly appeal to many locals who want to enjoy themselves close to home.

Entertainment and performing arts
The hip hop music scene, metal scene, rock music scene, reggaeton and Latino scene, are all active within the city, which is largely home to the Florida Breakbeat movement. Orlando has also been called Hollywood East because of numerous cinematic enterprises in the area.[26] Until recently, Walt Disney Feature Animation operated a studio out of Disney’s Hollywood Studios at the Walt Disney World Resort. Feature Animation-Florida was primarily responsible for the films Mulan, Lilo &


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that provide an influx of young artists to the local area. In addition, the Bob Carr Performing Arts Centre brings national tours through town on a regular basis. This venue, built in 1926, will be replaced by the Dr. P. Phillips Orlando Performing Arts Center in 2012. Each spring, local theaters and downtown venues play host to the Orlando International Fringe Theater Festival, which draws touring companies from all around the world as well as readings and fully staged productions of new and unknown plays by local artists. Also in the spring, there is The Harriett Lake Festival of New Plays, hosted by Orlando Shakespeare Theater.

Orlando, Florida
• , located in nearby Winter Park, houses the world’s "most comprehensive" collection of the works of Louis Comfort Tiffany, among its permanent exhibits. It includes Tiffany art glass, jewelry, pottery, and the chapel interior designed for the 1893 World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago. There is also an exhibit on the Tiffany home, and American paintings from the 19th century. The museum was founded in 1942. • Features exhibits and artifacts from the earliest days of the region to the modern day. Includes information on everything from the time of the Seminole Indians to the founding of the city to the Civil Rights era to the Disney period to today. • features a variety of American Art exhibits, mostly from the 20th century. The museum is located in Loch Haven Park. • , situated on the campus of Rollins College, located in nearby Winter Park, features significant loans, recent acquisitions, and items from the Cornell’s renowned permanent collection. Admission is free. • , which is an inner city oasis covering 50 acres (20,000 m²) and features colorful annuals, palms, a floral clock and a butterfly garden. • is an arboretum and botanical garden located in the heart of the University of Central Florida main campus in East Orlando. • is a non-profit museum and education center dedictated to the Holocaust during World War II.


The Orlando Science Center • is Orlando’s largest modern art museum. Located in Loch Haven Park, the museum has ongoing exhibitions of American portraits and landscapes, American impressionist works, and art of the ancient Americas. In 2003, the museum hosted the world-renowned full exhibition of the famous glass sculptor, Dale Chihuly. • , is a 207,000 square foot (19,000 m²) hands-on learning center with hundreds of interactive exhibits for visitors of all ages. Images surround visitors on the giant screen of the Dr. Phillips CineDome. Other attractions include the Body Zone, teaching health and fitness, as well as an observatory. The center has the largest refracting telescope in Florida. In 2007 the Orlando Science Center hosted the nationally-renowned exhibit "Our Body, The Universe Within" featuring speciallypreserved human cadavers.

Shopping malls
Orlando has become one of the fastest growing retail markets in the USA with at least five major upscale department stores opening last year alone and more than 50,000,000 square feet (4,650,000 m2) of shopping space in Central Florida.[27] • is the largest mall in Orlando, one of the largest single-story malls in the USA at over 1,849,000 sq ft (171,800 m2) with over 250 stores, seven anchor department stores, and the Florida Mall Hotel & Conference Center Tower. • is a contemporary two-level upscale shopping mall, including the world-famous department stores of Bloomingdale’s,


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Macy’s, and Neiman Marcus. IKEA Orlando opened adjacent to the mall on November 14, 2007. • is the nearest indoor shopping mall to Downtown Orlando. The mall features 4 anchor department stores and a 14-screen Premiere Cinema theater. • on International Drive is home to stores, a skate park, and a theater.

Orlando, Florida
Boulevard, adjacent to Orlando International Airport.[28]


Orlando is the home city of the Orlando Magic NBA team, the Orlando Predators AFL team, and the UCF Knights college athletics teams. It has also been home to several successful minor league sports teams which have won two titles in ice hockey, three titles in minor league baseball, one title in soccer, one title in American football, and one title in roller hockey. Orlando has produced several major athletes, such as baseball players A.J. Pierzynski and Johnny Damon, football players Warren Sapp, Daunte Culpepper, Brandon Meriweather, Deacon Jones, Brandon Siler, Mike Walker, Brandon Marshall, and Kevin Smith, basketball players Amar’e Stoudemire and Darius Washington, and soccer player Michelle Akers. Orlando is also home to many current and notable former athletes as well, including baseball players Carlos Peña, Frank Viola, Ken Griffey, Jr., and Jonathan Aldridge, basketball player Shaquille O’Neal, and many golfers, including Tiger Woods, Mark O’Meara and Arnold Palmer.

The University of Central Florida Public primary and secondary education is handled by Orange County Public Schools. Some of the private schools include Orlando Lutheran Academy, The Geneva School, Forest Lake Academy, The First Academy, Trinity Preparatory School, Lake Highland Preparatory School, Bishop Moore High School and Orlando Christian Prep.

Area institutions of higher education
State university
• University of Central Florida

• Orlando Sentinel • Orlando Business Journal

Community colleges
• Valencia Community College • Seminole Community College (in Sanford, Oviedo, and Altamonte Springs)

Private universities, colleges, and others
• Rollins College (in Winter Park) • Asbury Theological Seminary, Orlando (Dunnam) Campus • Barry University School of Law • DeVry University, Orlando campus • Florida A&M University College of Law • Florida Institute of Technology, Orlando campus • Florida Metropolitan University, Orlando campus • Full Sail University (in Winter Park) • Hindu University of America • Herzing College, Winter Park, Florida

Radio Television

State and federal representation
The United States Postal Service operates post offices in Orlando. The Orlando Main Post Office is located at 10401 Post Office


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• International Academy of Design & Technology-Orlando • Nova Southeastern University, Orlando campus • Reformed Theological Seminary, Orlando campus • Strayer University • University of Florida’s College of Pharmacy (in Apopka, Florida) • University of Phoenix, Orlando campus • Webster University, Metropolitan Orlando Campus

Orlando, Florida


• The is Orlando’s primary airport, currently the busiest airport in the State of Florida. The airport was ranked by passengers as the #1 airport in the nation according to J.D. Power & Associates. The airport features 2 terminals with radiating airside terminals, flyers are transported via elevated trams. The airport also houses an on-site Hyatt Regency hotel. • The Orlando Sanford International Airport (SFB) located in Sanford, FL (northern suburb) serves as a secondary airport, mainly for European discount carriers and charters. • The Orlando Executive Airport located near Downtown Orlando serves primarily executive jets, flight training schools, and general small-aircraft aviation. •

East-West Expressway (Toll 408) is a major highway managed by the OrlandoOrange County Expressway Authority. The highway intersects with I-4 in Downtown Orlando providing a key artery for residents commuting from eastern and western suburbs including the University of Central Florida area. The highway also intersects with the Central Florida Greeneway (Toll 417) and Florida’s Turnpike. In late 2006 the I-4/408 interchange finished undergoing a major overhaul that created multiple fly-over bridges and connectors to ease heavy traffic flows. In addition, lane expansions, new toll plazas, and sound barriers are being added throughout the highway. Beachline Expressway (Toll 528) provides key access to the Orlando International Airport and serves as a gateway to the Atlantic coast, specifically Cocoa Beach and Cape Canaveral. Central Florida Greeneway (Toll 417) is a key highway for East Orlando, the highway is also managed by the OrlandoOrange County Expressway Authority and serves as Orlando’s eastern beltway. The highway intersects with the East-West Expressway (Toll 408), the Beachline Expressway (Toll 528), and begins and ends on Interstate 4. The highway is often praised for its green scenery and generally light traffic, however, recently the highway has seen a rapid rise in drivers during rush hours. Florida’s Turnpike (Toll 91) is a major highway that connects northern Florida with Orlando and Miami. It is the gateway to Miami. Daniel Webster Western Beltway (Toll 429) serves as Orlando’s western beltway. The highway serves as a new "back entrance" to Walt Disney World from Orlando’s northwestern suburbs including Apopka.


Major highways
• Interstate 4 is Orlando’s primary, and only interstate highway. Orlando is 2nd largest city seviced by one interstate, preceeding Austin, TX and is the largest metropolitian area in the US serviced by a single interstate expressway as well. The interstate begins in Daytona Beach and travels across the mid-section of the state directly through Orlando ending in Tampa. As a key connector to Orlando’s suburbs, downtown, area attractions, and both coasts; I-4 commonly experiences heavy traffic and congestion. I-4 is also known as State Road 400. •


Rush hours and traffic
According to a recent national study by the Texas Transportation Institute, the average Orlando resident spends about 54 hours per year waiting in traffic. Heavy traffic is unpredictable; however, rush hours (peak traffic hours) are usually weekday mornings (after


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7am) and afternoons (after 4pm). There are various traffic advisory resources available for commuters including dialing 5-1-1 (a free automated traffic advisory system provided by the Florida Department of Transportation, available by cellphone or landline by dialing 511), visiting the Florida 511 Web site, listening to traffic reports on major radio stations, and reading electronic traffic advisory displays (also called Dynamic Message Signs, information is also provided by FDOT) on the major highways and roadways. The Orlando Regional Traffic Management Center (or Orlando RTMC for short) serves as the central hub for traffic operations in the region. It monitors traffic conditions on Interstate 4, Interstate 95, The OOCEA Toll Roads, and other major surface streets throughout the DOT’s District 5 and relays the information to motorists through the use of Dynamic Message Signs and the Florida 5-1-1 system. There is also a free roadside assistance service on Interstate 4 provided by LYNX called I-4 Road Rangers. These road rangers patrol during the weekdays looking to help stranded motorists who are in need of tire changing, a tow, or gas. Road Rangers also assist in debris removal on highways and traffic diversion during vehicle crashes. These trucks are highly identifiable by the red and white paint scheme and their FDOT Seals. Recently, State Farm Insurance company has taken over funding and sponsorship of the program.[29] Each truck is also equipped with large light up message board on its roof, usually displaying an arrow or urgent message. The toll roads have a similar service provided through OOCEA which is funded on toll fares. Florida’s Turnpike Enterprise operates its own separate Road Ranger program. Road rangers from I-4 or the OOCEA Toll Road network will not respond to motorists on State Road 91 otherwise known as Florida’s Turnpike.

Orlando, Florida
The following major railroad stations have existed in Orlando: • Amtrak Orlando station (originally built by ACL to replace Church Street Station, the only one still in use) • Atlantic Coast Line Railroad Orlando station (now Church Street Station, a tourist attraction) • Seaboard Air Line Railroad Orlando station (Central Avenue Station)

Commuter rail
In 2005, Federal and state funding was granted for the establishment of SunRail, a local commuter rail service, to operate on the CSX A line tracks between DeLand and Poinciana, passing through the downtown area and surrounding urban neighborhoods along the way. The service was expected to substantially reduce traffic congestion along the I-4 corridor, especially between Downtown Orlando and the suburban communities in Seminole and Volusia Counties. The Federal and state funds would have covered approximately 80% of the estimated $400 million cost for track modifications and construction of stations along the route. The counties involved had approved local matching funds in 2007 and the line was projected to begin operations in 2011.[30] However, the project was ultimately voted down by Florida State Senate in 2008 and again in 2009 due to an amendment that would have approved a $200 million insurance policy for the system. The project was suspended indefinitely and it is unknown as to whether the system will ever be constructed. Attempts to establish a smaller light rail service for the Orlando area were also considered at one time, but were also met with much resistance and opposition.

High speed rail
Orlando is being considered as a major hub for the proposed Florida High Speed Rail system, which was mandated by state referendum in 2000 – but repealed in 2004. Nonetheless, the Florida High Speed Rail Authority continues to meet and communicate with the Governor of Florida.[31]

The Orlando area is served by one through railroad, CSX Transportation’s A line (formerly the Atlantic Coast Line Railroad’s main line), and some spurs, mostly operated by the Florida Central Railroad. Amtrak passenger service runs along the CSX A line. See also a map of these railroads.

Orlando is served by LYNX; it provides local transit service covering a five-county area:


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Country Place

Orlando, Florida
County / District / Region / State California Castile and León Paraná Guangxi Scotland Orenburg Southwest Seine-et-Marne Date

United States Spain Brazil People’s Republic of China United Kingdom Russia Iceland France Taiwan Japan Israel United States India Palestine

Anaheim Valladolid Curitiba Guilin Aberdeen Orenburg Reykjanesbær Marne-laVallée Tainan City Urayasu Kiryat Motzkin Newport Hyderabad Bethlehem

Chiba Haifa District Rhode Island Andhra Pradesh Bethlehem

Orange, Seminole, Osceola, Lake, and Volusia.[32] Bus route schedules and maps can be found at LYNX Official Website.

See also
• List of mayors • List of notable natives and residents

Additionally, Greyhound Lines offers intercity bus service from Orlando to multiple locations across the country. The Orlando Greyhound Station is located west of Downtown Orlando.

[1] "Say Yes to Orlando". Orlando/Orange County Convention and Visitors Bureau. http://www.orlandoinfo.com/articles/sayyes-to-orlando.cfm. Retrieved on 2009-05-05. [2] "Annual Estimates of the population for the Incorporated Places of Florida" (XLS). US Census Bureau. http://www.census.gov/popest/cities/ tables/SUB-EST2007-04-12.xls. Retrieved on 2007-08-11. [3] "Annual Estimates of the Population of Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas:April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2007". U.S. Census Bureau. 27 March 2008. http://www.census.gov/population/www/ estimates/metro_general/2007/CBSAEST2007-01.xls. Retrieved on 2008-06-21. [4] ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved on 2008-01-31.

Sister cities
See also: List of sister cities in Florida Orlando has fourteen sister cities, as designated by Sister Cities International: Marne La Vallée, Anaheim, and Urayasu are connected to Orlando as homes of other Disney theme parks (Disneyland Resort Paris, Disneyland Resort, and Tokyo Disneyland, respectively).

Foreign consulates
Given Orlando’s status as a busy international tourist destination, Mexico and the United Kingdom opened consulates in Orlando.[33][34]


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[5] "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. http://geonames.usgs.gov. Retrieved on 2008-01-31. [6] For Nearly Half of America, Grass Is Greener Somewhere Else from the Pew Research Center website, accessed April 17, 2009 [7] About Orlando from the City of Orlando website, accessed June 17, 2008 [8] OCLS - Fast Facts - Tallest Buildings in Orlando [9] Buildings of Orlando / Emporis.com [10] "US Gazetteer files: 2000 and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2005-05-03. http://www.census.gov/geo/ www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved on 2008-01-31. [11] City of Orlando Neighborhoods, accessed November 28, 2006 [12] "Cold Temperatures and Snow Flurries in East-Central Florida January 24, 2003". National Weather Service. http://www.srh.noaa.gov/mlb/surveys/ 012403/flurries.html. Retrieved on 2009-05-06. [13] Distance measured from Orlando City Hall to nearest Atlantic coastline, near Oak Hill, Brevard County, and nearest Gulf coastline, near, Pine Island, Hernando County, using Google Earth’s Ruler tool. [14] "Census Of Population And Housing". U.S. Census Bureau. http://www.census.gov/prod/www/abs/ decennial/index.htm. Retrieved on 2008-10-25. [15] MuniNetGuide.com’s Orlando Demographic [16] Gary J. Gates Same-sex Couples and the Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual Population: New Estimates from the American Community SurveyPDF (2.07 MiB). The Williams Institute on Sexual Orientation Law and Public Policy, UCLA School of Law October, 2006. Retrieved April 8, 2007. [17] FBI Universal Crime Report for 2006 [18] Modern Language Association Data Center Results of Orlando, FL [19] "Annual Estimates of the Population of Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2007" (XLS). U.S. Census Bureau. http://www.census.gov/population/www/ estimates/metro_general/2007/CBSA-

Orlando, Florida
EST2007-01.xls. Retrieved on 2008-07-11. [20] Update of Statistical Area Definitions and Guidance on Their Uses [21] "Annual Estimates of the Population of Combined Statistical Areas: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2007" (.xls). U.S. Census Bureau. March 27, 2008. http://www.census.gov/popest/metro/ tables/2007/CBSA-EST2007-02.xls. Retrieved on March 15, 2008. [22] http://www.census.gov/Press-Release/ www/releases/archives/cb07-42tbl3.xls [23] Bergen, Kathy. Las Vegas and Orlando Bruising Chicago’s Trade Show Business. The Chicago Tribune, 11 September 2003 [24] "Lake Nona Is Site Of New VA Hospital". Internet Broadcasting Systems/WKMGTV. 2 March 2007. http://www.local6.com/news/11154722/ detail.html. Retrieved on 2008-07-15. [25] "Metropolitan Orlando Housing Trends Summary." Orlando Regional Realtor Association. May 9, 2007. Retrieved on May 24, 2007. [26] "What Happened to Hollywood East?" Southwest Orlando Bulletin, 17 July 2004 [27] Shopping in Orlando - Orlando Villa Guide - The Essential Guide to Florida Vacation Rental Homes and Holiday Villas in Orlando, Florida [28] "Post Office™ Location - ORLANDO." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on May 5, 2009. [29] Tracy, Dan (March 31, 2009). "State farm to pay for Road Rangers on Interstate 4". Orlando Sentinel. http://www.orlandosentinel.com/news/ local/breakingnews/orl-bk-state-farmroad-rangers-032409,0,1081977.story. Retrieved on March 31, 2009. [30] SunRail Official Website [31] Tracy, Dan (2009-02-27). "High-speed rail depends on Crist, board says" (in English). Orlando Sentinel (Tribune Company). http://www.orlandosentinel.com/news/ local/orl-loc-high-speed-railcrist-022709,0,4815309.story. Retrieved on 2009-03-06. [32] The Central Florida Regional Transportation Authority—LYNX [33] Orlando [34] Consulado de México en Orlando


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Orlando, Florida
• Orlando, Florida at the Open Directory Project • Orlando travel guide from Wikitravel • Orlando, Florida is at coordinates 28°32′37″N 81°22′23″W / 28.54368°N 81.372919°W / 28.54368; -81.372919 (Orlando, Florida)Coordinates: 28°32′37″N 81°22′23″W / 28.54368°N 81.372919°W / 28.54368; -81.372919 (Orlando, Florida)

External links
• City of Orlando Official Website • Metro Orlando Economic Development Commission • Orlando Regional Chamber of Commerce • Central Florida Memory is a unique digital collection where visitors can discover the history of Orlando and surrounding areas of Central Florida.

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Orlando,_Florida" Categories: County seats in Florida, Cities in Orange County, Florida, Orlando, Florida, Greater Orlando This page was last modified on 22 May 2009, at 15:33 (UTC). All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License. (See Copyrights for details.) Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a U.S. registered 501(c)(3) taxdeductible nonprofit charity. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers


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