Possessive Noun Worksheets Unit 9 Nouns 9 1 Kinds of

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Possessive Noun Worksheets Unit 9 Nouns 9 1 Kinds of Powered By Docstoc
					                                      Unit 9-Nouns

Kinds of Nouns
A noun names a person, place, thing, or idea.
There are two basic kinds of nouns: proper noun and common noun.
A proper noun names a specific person, place, thing, or idea.
A common noun names any person, place, thing, or idea.
Common nouns can be either concrete or abstract.
Concrete nouns name things that you can see or touch.
Abstract nouns name ideas, qualities, or feelings that cannot be seen or touched.

       Ex.                         Kinds of Nouns
                       Common Nouns             Proper Nouns
               Abstract     Concrete
               idea         inventor            Thomas Edison
               progress     city                Chicago, Illinois
               time         calendar            Monday
               culture      trumpet             African American
Compound Nouns
Compound nouns are nouns that are made up of two or more words.
       Ex.                   Compound Nouns
              One Word                doorknob, highchair, strongbox, bookmark
              Hyphenated              age-group, runner-up, great-grandmother
              More than one word dining room, motion picture, maid of honor
Most nouns can be singular or plural.
       Ex.                   Forming Plural Compound Nouns
                                      To Make Plural         Examples
              One Word                Add -s to most words.         necklaces, leftovers
                                      Add –es to words that end
                                      In ch, sh, s, or x.           strongboxes, churches
              Hyphenated              Make the most important       runners-up,
                                      part of the word plural.      great-grandmothers
              More that one word Make the most important            music boxes, dining
                                      part of the word plural.      rooms, maids of honor
Possessive Nouns
A possessive noun names who or what owns or has something.
       Ex.                            Forming Possessive Nouns
              Nouns                   To Form Possessive            Examples
              Most singular           Add an apostrophe             a girl-a girl’s coat
              nouns                   and –s (‘s)                   Bob-Bob’s bat
              Singular nouns          Add an apostrophe             Joe Ives-Joe Ives’s bat
              ending in –s            and –s (‘s)                   Alexis-Alexis’s book
               Plural nouns          Add an apostrophe              boys-boys’ shoes
               ending in -s          (‘)                            the Smiths-the Smiths’ house
               Plural nouns not      Add an apostrophe              children-children’s toys
               ending in –s          and –s (‘s)                    women-women’s club
Distinguishing Plurals, Possessives, and Contractions
It can be easy to confuse plural nouns and possessive nouns.
         Ex.                    Plural and Possessive Nouns
                                        Example                       Meaning
                Plural Noun             The scientists met.           more than one scientist
                Plural                  The scientists’ discovery     the discovery of the
                Possessive Noun         was important.                scientists
                Singular                The scientist’s photograph the photograph of one
                Possessive Noun         is in the newspaper.          scientist.
A contraction is a word made by combining two words into one by leaving out one or more
         Ex.                            Possessive Nouns and Contractions
                                        Example                Meaning
                Possessive      Elaine’s invention is good. the invention by Elaine
                Plural          Elaine’s going to the store. Elaine is going
Collective Nouns
A collective noun names a group of individuals.
                                        Collective Nouns
                committee       audience         swarm         club
                family          team             crowd         orchestra
                flock           class            jury          herd
Every collective noun can have either a singular meaning or a plural meaning.
         Ex.    The whole flock enters the meadow through a gate. [a unit, singular]
                The flock enter by different gates. [ individual members, plural]
When the collective noun is a single unit, use a singular verb. When the collective noun refers to
the individual members of the group, use a plural verb. If you can substitute the word it for the
collective noun(and any words that describe it), the collective noun is singular. It you can
substitute they, the collective noun is plural.
         Ex.    The family begins its trip. [it, singular]
                The family eat their sandwiches. [they, plural]
An appositive is a noun placed next to another noun to identify it or add information about it.
         Ex.            Nicolas-Francois Appert, a chef, made an important discovery.
An appositive phrase is a group of words that includes an appositive an other words that describe
the appositive.
         Ex.            An expert on food, Appert worried about food spoilage.
An appositive phrase can come at the beginning, middle, or end of a sentence, as long as it
appears next to the noun it identifies.

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