Livermore California

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Livermore, California

Livermore, California
Coordinates: 37.68194°N -121.76806 37°40′55″N 121°46′05″W / 121.76806°W / 37.68194; The population was 73,345 at the 2000 census, but estimated by city officials to be presently in 100,000 +. Livermore is located in the Bay Area. Livermore is a "middle-size city" in the Bay Area. Traditionally, Livermore is considered the easternmost city in the Bay Area before entrance to the Central Valley. It was founded by William Mendenhall and named after Robert Livermore, his friend and a local rancher who settled in the area in the 1830s. Livermore is the home of the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. Livermore’s south side, home to local vineyards, has developed several executive subdivisions near Ruby Hill. The city has also redeveloped its downtown district.

City of Livermore

Location of Livermore within Alameda County, California.

Coordinates: 37°40′55″N 121°46′05″W / 37.68194°N 121.76806°W / 37.68194; -121.76806 Country State County Established Incorporated Government [1][2] - Type - Mayor - Vice Mayor - City Manager - City Treasurer - State Senate Area [2] - Total - Land - Water Elevation
[2]

United States California Alameda 1835 April 1, 1876 Council-Manager Marshall Kamena John Marchand Linda Barton Monica T. Potter, CCMT [3] Loni Hancock (D) 24.1 sq mi (62.0 km2) 23.9 sq mi (62.0 km2) 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2) 480 ft (150 m) 73,345 3,379/sq mi (1,313/km2) PST (UTC-8) PDT (UTC-7) 94550-94551 925 06-41992 0277542 www.ci.livermore.ca.us

Geography
Watercourses draining the city of Livermore include Arroyo Mocho, Arroyo del Valle, Arroyo Seco and Arroyo Las Positas. The principal aquifer underlying the city is the Mocho Subbasin. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 23.9 square miles (62.0 km²), all of it land. Several local seismicially active faults lie near the city including the Greenville Fault and the Tesla Fault.

History and culture
History
The Livermore area was home to the Ohlone (or Costanoan) before the arrival of the Spanish in the 18th century; it was incorporated under the Roman Catholic Mission San Jose in 1796. The Livermore Amador Valley was primarily grazing land for Mission San Jose’s thousands of cattle and sheep until secularization of California missions from 1834 to 1837 opened great amounts of land throughout California for Mexican land grants. The fourth and second largest of the valley’s land grants was the Rancho Las Positas grant, made to rancher Robert Livermore (a naturalized Mexican citizen of English

Population [4] - Total - Density Time zone - Summer (DST) ZIP codes Area code(s) FIPS code GNIS feature ID Website

Livermore (formerly, Livermores, Livermore Ranch, and Nottingham)[5] is a city in Alameda County, California, United States.

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Livermore, California

Old fire station in downtown Livermore birth) and Jose Noriega in 1839. Livermore was as much interested in viticulture and horticulture as he was in cattle and horses; in 1846 he was the first in this area to plant both a vineyard and an orchard of pears and olives. The first building on the ranch was an adobe on Las Positas Creek, and in 1849 a two-story "Around the Horn" house was added; it was the first wooden building in the valley. After the discovery of gold in California, Livermore became a popular stopping place for prospectors headed for the Mother Lode, as it was one day’s journey by horse or stagecoach from San Jose. Robert Livermore died in 1858 before the establishment of the town that bears his name. His ranch included much of the present-day city. The city itself was established in 1869 by William Mendenhall, who had met Robert Livermore while marching through the valley with Fremont’s California Battalion. Livermore was officially incorporated on April 15, 1876. During Livermore’s early years, it was also quite well-known for the many large hotels that graced the downtown streetcorners, before new buildings replaced them. Livermore is also notable for the Italian families that played a role in the formation of its wineries. Since it has a Mediterranean climate, the Italian families found it a good location to grow wine grapes, which also helped contribute to the development of the early city. The Livermore Ranch post office operated from 1851 to 1853.[5] The Nottingham post office opened in 1869, the name was changed to Livermore in 1870.[5]

The Livermore Hindu Temple Livermore’s culture retains some vestiges of the farming and ranching traditions that have existed in the valley since the time of Robert Livermore, but now largely reflects the values of its suburban population. Livermore has a strong blue-collar element, as well as many professionals who work at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory and various high tech industries within the Bay Area. The city has recently become much more upscale with the addition of hundreds of million dollar homes set amongst the southside’s vineyards as well as a multi-million dollar renovation of the downtown area. The renovations include a new motion picture theater, a performing arts theater, a parking structure, and office buildings. The new construction is ongoing, but much was finished in early to mid 2007. The city boasts a state-of-the-art library (with a somewhat controversial front mosaic[6] by Maria Alquilar) that opened in 2004 and a busy growing Livermore Airport. According to the latest U.S. Census information, Livermore is the third wealthiest midsize city in the nation. In 2005, the median household income in Livermore was $96,632, which ranked it the third highest income midsize city (between 65,000 and 249,999 people) just behind number two Newport Beach, CA ($97,428) and Livermore’s western neighbor, Pleasanton, CA ($101,022),1 The city has the Livermore-Amador Symphony, Del Valle Fine Arts (a producer of chamber music concerts), and, in the valley at large, the Valley Choral Society, Livermore Valley Opera, and Valley Dance Theatre, a classical ballet company.

Culture
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Livermore has long harbored a strong independent music scene, with venues such as The Wild Vine Wine Lounge & Art Gallery and the Pine St. Bar hosting national touring acts as well as Bay Area artists. In addition to the frequent independent one-off youth concerts in the cities various halls. Since 1987, the Wente Winery has put on concerts during the summer, featuring some top name entertainers, including Tom Jones, The Moody Blues, Foreigner, and other pop and country acts. The concert features an optional dinner package, deluxe dinner package, or just concert seating. Livermore hosts the Livermore Rodeo (since 1918), the "World’s Fastest Rodeo," that claims it has more riders per hour than any other. Many residents and visitors enjoy the rodeo parade and festivities which take place yearly. People from across the country come to this event. Children are given the chance to ride ponies and residents are given free horseback rides across town and to the local market. Many of the Livermore youth find entertainment at The Vine the local cinema, or at Livermore Cinemas, the newer theater that was added after fifteen years of debate, the Livermore skate park, Granada Bowl, and shops in the downtown area, such as The Wild Vine Wine Lounge & Art Gallery, Charlotte’s Web, Panama Bay Coffee Company, Not Too Naughty, and Donut Wheel. Granada Bowl was slated to be torn down starting July 2008 to make way for townhomes, but an extension was received for one more year. Current plans are in the air. A new bowling facility will be built; however, a location for the new facility has not yet been chosen. Other projects include extending BART to Livermore, which will officially be complete at the latest in 2020, due to proposition 1A passing. Also a new regional theater and a 5 star hotel are scheduled to be built in the newly reconstructed Downtown, but due to the near national recession and budget cuts, the project is being postponed. Livermore is home to many different denominations of Christian and non-Christian places of worship, including the First Presbyterian Church, and the Unitarian Church. Saint Michael and Saint Charles Borromeo Roman Catholic Churches serve the residents. St. Michael church is the older of the two parishes, having held its first services on August 25, 1878.

Livermore, California
The first Indian Christian Church in San Francisco Bay Area is located at Livermore. The Mar Thoma Syrian Church is situated at 418 Junction Avenue. At present the Vicar of the Church is Rev.K.A.Abraham from India. Mar Thoma Church is believed to be started by St. Thomas one of the twelve Apostles of Jesus Christ, in AD52. Livermore has a Hindu temple which is often visited by the large Hindu population of the Bay Area.

Districts of Livermore
One of the largest districts is Springtown, the northeast area of the city north of Interstate 580. Originally conceived as a retirement community in the early 1960s, it is now a bustling and thriving part of the city. Springtown features many of the city’s hotels, new luxury home development, a public library branch, public schools, an established public golf course, parks, and restaurants. Under consideration is the possible development of the golf course into additional housing, retail or another Livermore Police Dept. Sub Station to help the Police Department grow with the city and to deter crime. Another district is the Downtown or Central district.This district represents the urban lifestyle of the city, mixed with some of the best tasting wines California has to offer. There are two movie theaters, a community theater, shopping, restaurants and space for concerts, with plans for a luxury hotel and a larger, regional theater. The North Livermore district is North of the Union Pacific Railroad that cuts through the Downtown. Mainly industrial and residential, this is the citys oldest district. It is home to many parks, a library and a swim center. There are also a number of famed taquerias that call the north side their home. Unfortunately the area has seen a recent increase in gang activity. The South Livermore district currently features over 40 world-class wineries. Wente Vineyards features concerts with nationally acclaimed artists in their amphitheater. Wente also offers an excellent restaurant. White Crane Winery hosts an annual Grape Stomping Party on the second Sunday in September, and also makes wine for American singing icon, Barry Manilow. All of the Livermore wineries feature some of the best wines California has to offer.

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The Sunset District, just north east of South Livermore is a perfect example of suburban lifestyle surrounding the urban environments of Downtown Livermore, and is known for its quiet, tranquil neighborhoods.

Livermore, California
1,112.3/sq mi (429.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 72.30% White, 5.7% African American, 0.70% Native American, 3.80% Asian, 0.34% Pacific Islander, 5.36% from other races, and 4.66% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 18.50% of the population. There were 26,123 households out of which 40.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.1% were married couples living together, 9.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.3% were non-families. 18.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.80 and the average family size was 3.20. The population ages were spread out with 28.1% under the age of 18, 7.1% from 18 to 24, 35.1% from 25 to 44, 22.1% from 45 to 64, and 7.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 100.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.4 males. The median income for a household in the city was $75,322, and the median income for a family was $82,421. Males had a median income of $59,703 versus $38,389 for females. The per capita income for the city was $31,062. About 3.8% of families and 5.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.0% of those under age 18 and 1.5% of those age 65 or over. In the six years since the census, the population has increased to 87,054. Increases also took place in the number of housing units (30,612), median household income ($92,300), and median family income ($102,606). The median home price was reported to be $662,100.[7]

Livermore Police Department
Serving the City of Livermore is the Livermore Police Department (LPD). Established in 1876, at that time it was the only Law Enforcement Agency in the San Francisco Bay Area besides the SFPD. The current Chief of Police is Steve Sweeney. Mission Statement "The Livermore Police Department, in partnership with the community will strive to protect and improve the quality of life in Livermore; providing leadership through open communication, fair and dignified service, and interactive problem solving" The department is renowned for its professionalism, respect, courtesy, efficiency and community involvement. LPD currently uses the Ford Crown Victoria Police Interceptor as the primary patrol vehicle. The cars are painted the traditional Black and White. Along each door is the LPD badge along with the word POLICE in bold, black, reflective lettering. In late July 2008 LPD opened its first Sub Station in New Downtown Livermore. The station is becoming commonly known as Central Station or Downtown Office. Central Station’s purpose is to not only strengthen the departments partnership with the community but to also help expand the Livermore Police Department to help match the city’s rapid growth over the recent years. Also the department takes pride in having the best S.W.A.T. Team in Northern California, surpassing big city agencies such as San Jose, San Francisco and Oakland, due to the team winning the Northern California S.W.A.T Competition. Agency Population: 166/ Police Stations: 2/ Airbases: 1

World’s longest lasting lightbulb
The city is noted for one world record. A 105+ year old 4-watt lightbulb called the Centennial Light housed by the LivermorePleasanton Fire Department is still burning bright. In truth, its "brightness" may be a matter of debate; it glows dimly, but definitely still functions as a lightbulb. The Guinness Book of World Records, Ripley’s Believe It or Not, and General Electric have

Demographics
According to 2008 estimates, there are 90,324 people, 29,144 households, and 21,132 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,947.7 people per square mile (1,183.9/km²). There were 26,610 housing units at an average density of

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concluded that the bulb has been burning continuously since 1901 with the exception of power failures and three times for moving to another station. The lightbulb was manufactured by the Shelby Electric Company and was hand blown with a carbon filament.

Livermore, California
1840s. Pioneer winemakers C. H. Wente, James Concannon, and Charles Wetmore recognized the area’s winegrowing potential and founded their wineries in the early 1880s. [8] See main article at Livermore Valley.

Industry

Education
Public schools in Livermore are part of the Livermore Valley Joint Unified School District (LVJUSD). The District has 11 Elementary (K-5) schools, 4 Middle (6-8) schools, and 3 High schools.

Schools
Elementary Schools • Altamont Creek • Arroyo Seco • Leo Croce • Jackson Avenue • Marylin Avenue • Joe Michell • Don Gaspar de Portola • Rancho Las Positas • Emma C. Smith • Sunset • Vineyard Middle Schools • Christensen • East Avenue Middle School • Junction Avenue • William Mendenhall High Schools • Livermore Union High School established in 1891 and became the first union high school in the state of California and is the distinguished school of Livermore. • Granada High School - the second public high school in Livermore. • Vineyard High School - an independent study high school. • Del Valle and Phoenix High Schools continuation high schools. Adult Education • Livermore Adult School Charter School • Livermore Valley Charter School (LVCS) a K-8 public school. Private Schools • Our Savior Lutheran School (OSLS) • St. Michael’s Elementary and Middle School

Aerial view of Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

Laboratories
Livermore is the home of two national laboratories. The largest employer in Livermore is the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) which is operated by a limited liability consortium named Lawrence Livermore National Security, LLC (LLNS), a joint venture company of Bechtel National, the University of California, BWX Technologies, Washington Group International, and Battelle. LLNL is the location of the world’s most powerful laser, the NIF, and the world’s second most powerful supercomputer, Blue Gene/L. Livermore is also the California site of the Sandia National Laboratories, which is operated by Sandia Corporation (a LockheedMartin owned Company) and is the third largest employer in the city.

Wine
One of California’s oldest wine regions, the Livermore Valley played a pivotal role in shaping California’s wine industry. Spanish missionaries planted the first wine grapes in the Livermore Valley in the 1760s. In the 1840s, California pioneers looking for outstanding vineyard sites began planting grapes in the region. Robert Livermore planted the first commercial vines in the

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• Valley Montessori Higher Education • Las Positas College

Livermore, California

Sister cities
Livermore has three sister cities, as designated by Sister Cities International: • Quetzaltenango, Guatemala • • Snezhinsk, Russia Yotsukaido, Japan

Transportation

Notable people from Livermore
• Louie Aguiar, an American football punter. • Max Baer, a boxer and actor. • Cynthia Breazeal, an Associate Professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. • Christian Czentye, National Fitness Model 2008 UCLA, Pi Kappa Alpha member. • Mark Davis, a former relief pitcher in Major League Baseball. • James DePaiva, actor • Gavin Glinton, professional soccer player • Martin Harrison, NFL American Football player, 1990-1999. • Randy Johnson, an American starting pitcher in Major League Baseball. • Tara Kemp, Pop singer. • Rob Ryan, defensive football coach for the Cleveland Browns. • Erick Threets, relief pitcher for the San Francisco Giants • Jack Trudeau, an American professional football player. • Tyler Parker, Western Hockey League WHL • ALGTR, a nationally acclaimed graffiti artist, based in Springtown.

A sign on the I-580 freeway in Livermore. Livermore’s general aviation needs are served by Livermore Municipal Airport. For commercial flights, one must go to San Francisco International Airport, Oakland International Airport, or San Jose International Airport. Access to Bay Area Rapid Transit is available at the Dublin-Pleasanton Station. One may also use the WHEELS bus system to get around Livermore and to the neighboring cities of Pleasanton and Dublin. Livermore has two stations for the Altamont Commuter Express (ACE), a commuter train which runs from Stockton to San Jose with four round trips per workday. One station is at Vasco Road, and the other in downtown Livermore at its Transit Center, where connections to the WHEELS bus system can be made. There is a petition drive to bring the BART system to Livermore. The group that started the petition was founded by the former mayor of Dublin, Linda Jeffery Sailors, who was successful in bringing BART to Dublin/Pleasanton.[9] If BART does come to Livermore, the system would connect to the ACE Train, and from there with AMTRAK in San Jose to Los Angeles. Possible station locations are: Vineyard Ave the Downtown ACE station, near the airport, and the ACE station on Vasco Rd. and Brisa St.

References
[1] "City Council". City of Livermore Official Web Site. http://www.ci.livermore.ca.us/ council.html. Retrieved on 2007-04-20. [2] ^ "City Profile". City of Livermore Official Web Site. http://www.ci.livermore.ca.us/ profile.html. Retrieved on 2007-04-20. [3] California League of Cities, Elected City Treasurers [4] "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved on 2008-01-31. [5] ^ Durham, David L. (1998). California’s Geographic Names: A Gazetteer of

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Livermore, California

Historic and Modern Names of the State. • Owens, Bill (1972). Suburbia. ISBN Quill Driver Books. p. 655. ISBN 1-881270-40-8. 9781884995149. • livermorepolice.org retrieved on June 1 [6] "Miami Muralist Embroiled In Mosaic 2008 Misspelling Mess". WPLG. 2004-10-07. • independantnews.com retrieved on June http://www.local10.com/news/3790849/ 24 2008 detail.html. Retrieved on 2007-04-20. [7] "Livemore, California Fact Sheet". 2005 American Community Survey. United • City of Livermore Official Website States Census Bureau. 2005. • Livermore Community Guide http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/ • Livermore Area Recreation and Park ACSSAFFFacts?_event=&geo_id=16000US0641992&_geoContext=01000US%7C04000US06%7C160 District Retrieved on 2007-04-20. • Livermore, California travel guide from [8] http://www.lvwine.org Wikitravel [9] "LivermoreBART.org". • Livermore Shakespeare Festival http://www.livermorebart.org/. Retrieved • Livermore Valley Performing Arts Center on 2007-04-20. • LivermoreArts.com Website • USGS GNIS: Livermore, California • Livermore (2002), a film by Rachel Raney and David Murray.

External links

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Livermore,_California" Categories: California wine, Livermore, California This page was last modified on 12 May 2009, at 05:37 (UTC). All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License. (See Copyrights for details.) Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a U.S. registered 501(c)(3) taxdeductible nonprofit charity. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers

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