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					             1999 Environmental

Alternate Flaring Technology Field Test Facility

               Workshop Notes




              th
      May 25 , 1999 – Calgary, Alberta
       1999 Alternate Technology Field Test Facility Workshop Notes
                                                                                Page 2




                                 TABLE OF CONTENTS


I.    Introduction
      A.      Registrant List with Contact Information……………………………………………page 3
      B.      Breakout Group Participants…………………………………………………………..page 6
      C.      Workshop Agenda……………………………………………………………………….page 10


II.   Breakout Group Discussion Results
      A.             Group A Discussion Results……………………………………………………page 11
      B.             Group B Discussion Results……………………………………………………page 14
      C.             Group C Discussion Results……………………………………………………page 17
      D.             Group D Discussion Results……………………………………………………page 19


III   Workshop Evaluation/Feedback Form Results…………………………….page 21




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          1999 Alternate Technology Field Test Facility Workshop Notes
                                                                                                       Page 3



I. Introduction

        A. Registrant List with Contact Information

  Company                    Name                Phone          Fax              E-mail Address
                             Brunes, Rod         403-652-8191                    zrlb08@telusplanet.net

                             Gorokhov, Alex      403-547-6335   403-547-6335     astarosu@ucalgary.ca

                             Yeremeyeva, Irina 403-547-6335     403-547-6335   yeremeyeva@hotmail.co
                                                                                m
   Alberta Energy & Utilities Brown, Michael     403-297-8412   403-297-3520   michael.brown@eub.gov.
    Board                                                                       ab.ca
   Alberta Environmental      Dobko, Randy       1-780-427-6869 1-780-422-4192 randy.dobko@gov.ab.ca
    Protection
   Alberta Research Council Gunter, Bill         1-780-450-5467 1-780-450-5083

   Alberta Research Council Layte, Paul          1-780-450-4639 1-780-465-3308 layte@arc.ab.ca

   Alberta Research Council Strosher, Mel        403-210-5363   403-210-5385     strosher@arc.ab.ca

    Altana Exploration        Santos, Ruel        403-263-8870   403-294-1753     rsantos@mtpower.com
    Company
   Amoco Canada              Allan, Heather      403-233-1813   403-233-1094     heather_j_allan@amoco.c
    Petroleum Co. Ltd.                                                            om
   Anderson Exploration Ltd. Tersmette, Walter   403-232-7363   403-232-7407

   ASRA/AOSTRA               Nelson, L. Richard 1-780-427-0286 1-780-422-9112 richard.nelson@gov.ab.ca

   BC Oil & Gas              Slocomb, Richard    1-250-261-5763 1-250-261-5765 richard.slocomb@gems9.
    Commission                                                                  gov.bc.ca
   Boreal Laser Inc.         Adam, Hamish        403-271-2007   403-271-2007   hgadam@aol.com

    Brooks Welding Services Askin, Grant          403-341-5777   403-343-6006     brksweld@agt.net

   C-FER Technologies Inc. Laderoute, Larry      403-290-0588   403-290-0596     l.laderoute@cfertech.com

   C-FER Technologies Inc. Potter, Ian J.        1-780-450-8989 1-780-450-3700 i.potter@cfertech.com

   Canadian Natural          McKay, Tim          403-517-6726   403-517-7361     timm@cnrl.com
    Resources
    CDS Research Ltd.         Meratla, Zoher      1-604-932-7211 1-604-932-8382 meratla@cdsresearch.co
                                                                                m
   Colt Engineering          Becker, Bob         403-258-8070   403-258-5899   becker.bob@colteng.com

    CONRAD                    Yildirim, Erdal     403-284-7584   403-284-7589

   D.E. Towson &             Towson, Don         403-213-2795   403-263-7174     detowson@psac.ca
    Associates Inc.
    EBA Engineering           Huddleston, Ross    403-203-3355   403-203-3301     rhuddleston@eba.ca
    Consultants
    ECI/TD Enviro             Ignasiak, Les       1-780-435-2765 1-780-434-2029 ignasiak@freenet.edmont
                                                                                on.ab.ca
   Environment Canada        Armstrong, Bryan    1-780-951-8741 1-780-495-4099 bryan.armstrong@ec.gc.c
                                                                                a
   Environment Canada        Bates, Laurie       1-780-951-8736 1-780-495-2758 laurie.bates@ec.gc.ca


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          1999 Alternate Technology Field Test Facility Workshop Notes
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 Company                     Name               Phone            Fax            E-mail Address


   Environment Canada        Reynen, Bill       1-819-997-1223 1-819-953-8903 bill.reynen@ec.gc.ca

    Gas Liquids Engineering Northcott, Bob       403-250-2950     403-291-9730
    Ltd.
   Gulf Canada Resources Sikora, Rod            403-205-7785     403-205-8449   rod_sikora@gulf.ca
    Ltd.
   Husky Oil Operations Ltd. Szpecht, John      403-298-6140     403-298-7016

   Husky Oil Operations Ltd. Naqvi, Dabir       1-403-822-1118                  dabir.naqvi@husky-
                                                                                 oil.com
   Imperial Oil Resources Bunio, Gary        403-284-7585        403-284-7550   gary.bunio@iol.sprint.com
    Ltd.
   Imperial Oil Resources Ghosh, Mainak      403-284-7412        403-284-7488   mainak.ghosh@esso.com
    Ltd.
    Japan Canada Oil Sands Pennacchioli, Enzo 403-264-9046        403-264-9102   enzop@jacos.com

   Jerrico Industries Ltd.   Hurley, Jerry      1-780-460-2196 1-780-460-2196 jerrico@compusmart.ab.c
                                                                               a
   John Zink Canada          Burrows, John W.   403-269-4300   403-269-4303   burrowsj@kochind.com

   Maxxam Analytics Inc.     Dallas, Robert     403-735-2245     403-219-3673   rdallas@cal.maxxam.ca

   Mercury Electric          Mantey, Vern       403-261-8611     403-265-0858   v.mantey@mercuryelectri
    Corporation                                                                  c.com
   Mobil Oil Canada Ltd.     Dibble, Neil       403-260-7753     403-260-7259   neil_c_dibble@email.mob
                                                                                 il.com
   Mobil Oil Canada Ltd.     Jenkinson, Dwight 1-403-335-7577 1-403-335-7569

   Ontario Power Generation Nguyen, Yen         1-416-207-6264 1-416-207-6365 yen.nguyen@oht.hydro.o
                                                                               n.ca
   Optima Engineers and   Kadhim, Fadhil        403-269-9555   403-269-5736   kadhim@optimaepc.com
    Contructors Inc.
   PanCanadian Petroleum Marika, Bill P.        403-290-3150     403-290-2059   william_marika@pancana
    Ltd.                                                                         dian.ca
   Petro-Canada Resources Tse, Sam              403-296-5677     403-296-3356   samtse@petro-canada.ca

   Renaissance Energy Ltd. Melling, Mike        403-750-1955     403-750-4945   mmelling@renaissance.c
                                                                                 a
    Renaissance Energy Ltd. Rolseth, Scott       403-750-1613     403-750-1990   srolseth@renaissance.ca

    Rigel Oil & Gas Ltd.      Dantzer, Sarah     403-267-3086     403-267-3159 sdantzer@rigelenergy.co
                                                                               m
   Saskatchewan Research     Shewchuk, Stan     1-306-933-5437 1-306-933-7817 shewchuk@src.sk.ca
    Council
   Saskatchewan Research     Soveran, Doug      1-306-787-9331 1-306-787-8811 soveran@src.sk.ca
    Council
   Secure Power Systems      Dorigatti, Brad    1-403-232-6599 1-403-264-0511 bd@securepower.com
    Ltd.
   Suncor Energy Inc.        Mok, Al            403-269-8765     403-269-6202   amok@suncor.com

   Talisman Energy Inc.      Gerrard, Greg      403-258-8196     403-258-8155   ggerrard@talisman-
                                                                                 energy.com
   Tank Life Cradles Ltd.    Christie, Leanne   403-341-5777     403-343-6006



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            1999 Alternate Technology Field Test Facility Workshop Notes
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  Company                  Name                Phone            Fax            E-mail Address
 Tesco Corporation         Bates, Tom          403-258-7756     403-252-2192   tom_bates@tescocorp.co
                                                                                m
   Tornado Flare Systems   Manis, Jim          403-263-8011     403-263-8399   jmanis@telusplanet.net
    (Canada) Inc.
   Total Combustion Inc.   Wiseman, Tom        403-216-8218     403-241-6776   twiseman@acpe.net

   Trow Consulting         Anez, Victor M.     403-233-8700     403-233-9305   trow@cadvision.com
    Engineers Ltd.
   University of Alberta   Johnson, Matthew

   University of Alberta   Kostiuk, Larry      1-780-492-3450 1-780-492-2200 larry.kostiuk@ualberta.ca

   University of Calgary   Hettiaratchi, Patrick 403-220-5503   403-282-7026   jhettiar@acs.ucalgary.ca

   University of Calgary   Nazir, Mohamed      403-220-5059     403-282-7026   mnazir@ucalgary.ca

    University of Calgary   Shaw, Lawton        403-220-3927     403-289-9488   lshaw@ucalgary.ca

    University of Calgary   Starosud, Alex      403-220-3927     403-289-9488   astarosu@ucalgary.ca

   Imperial Oil            Goodman, Ron        403-284-7489     403-284-7595   goodmanr@cia.com

   PTAC                    Lloyd, Eric         403-268-6634     403-268-7520   lloyde@cadvision.com

   NRCan                   Pearson, Bill

   Hudson Products         Neulander, John     780-438-3267     780-256-4184

   Shell                   Wrubleski, Bob      403-284-6570     403-284-6662   bob.wrubleski@shell.ca

   CAPP                    Pryce, David        403-267-1100     403-261-4622

   WMM                     Warwick, Verne      403-459-8662     403-460-7258

   Air Liquide             Lee, Robert         403-777-1746     403-777-1754

   Komex                   Taplin, David (Dr.) 403-247-5710     403-247-4811   dtaplin@calgary.komex.c
                                                                                om




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          1999 Alternate Technology Field Test Facility Workshop Notes
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B. Breakout Group Participants


                            Alternate Flaring Technology Field Test Facility Workshop
                                      Breakout Group A – Main Room C-244


      Name:                                     Company

      Strosher, Mel                             Alberta Research Council

      Tersmette, Walter                         Anderson Exploration Ltd.

      Pryce, David                              CAPP

      Yildirim, Erdal                           CONRAD

      Reynen, Bill                              Environment Canada

      Northcott, Bob                            Gas Liquids Engineering Ltd.

      Sikora, Rod                               Gulf Canada Resources Ltd.

      Pennacchioli, Enzo                        Japan Canada Oil Sands

      Hurley, Jerry                             Jerrico Industries Ltd.

      Taplin, David (Dr.)                       Komex

      Dibble, Neil                              Mobil Oil Canada Ltd.

      Tse, Sam                                  Petro-Canada Resources

      Soveran, Doug                             Saskatchewan Research Council

      Christie, Leanne                          Tank Life Cradles Ltd.

      Anez, Victor M.                           Trow Consulting Engineers Ltd.

      Johnson, Matthew                          University of Alberta

      Starosud, Alex                            University of Calgary

      Strosher, Lisa                            University of Calgary


Facilitator: Bill Reynen

Notetaker: Rod Sikora




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          1999 Alternate Technology Field Test Facility Workshop Notes
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                            Alternate Flaring Technology Field Test Facility Workshop
                                            Breakout Group B – C-419

     Name:                                           Company

     Brown, Michael                                  AEUB

     Gorokhov, Alex

     Layte, Paul                                     Alberta Research Council

     Nelson, Richard L.                              ASRA/AOSTRA

     Adam, Hamish                                    Boreal Laser Inc.

     Meratla, Zoher                                  CDS Research Ltd.

     Laderoute, Larry                                C-FER Technologies Inc.

     Huddleston, Ross                                EBA Engineering Consultants

     Ghosh, Mainak                                   Imperial Oil Resources Ltd.

     Dallas, Robert                                  Maxxam Analytics Inc.

     Jenkinson, Dwight                               Mobil Oil Canada Ltd.

     Pearson, Bill                                   NRCan

     Kadhim, Fadhil                                  Optima Engineers and Contructors Inc.

     Marika, Bill P.                                 PanCanadian Petroleum Ltd.

     Rolseth, Scott                                  Renaissance Energy Ltd.

     Manis, Jim                                      Tornado Flare Systems (Canada) Inc.

     Wrubleski, Bob                                  Shell Canada

     Nazir, Mohamed                                  University of Calgary


Facilitator: Richard L. Nelson

Notetaker: Jim Manis




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         1999 Alternate Technology Field Test Facility Workshop Notes
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                              Alternate Flaring Technology Field Test Facility Workshop
                                              Breakout Group C – C-456


      Name:                                              Company

      Brunes, Rod

      Yeremeyeva, Irina

      Gunter, Bill                                       Alberta Research Council

      Santos, Ruel                                       Altana Exploration Company

      Allan, Heather                                     Amoco Canada Petroleum Co. Ltd.

      Slocomb, Richard                                   BC Oil & Gas Commission

      McKay, Tim                                         Canadian Natural Resources

      Potter, Ian J.                                     C-FER Technologies Inc.

      Becker, Bob                                        Colt Engineering

      Bates, Laurie                                      Environment Canada

      Szpecht, John                                      Husky Oil Operations Ltd.

      Mantey, Vern                                       Mercury Electric Corporation

      Nguyen, Yen                                        Ontario Power Generation

      Gerrard, Greg                                      Talisman Energy Inc.

      Wiseman, Tom                                       Total Combustion Inc.

      Hettiaratchi, Patrick                              University of Calgary

      Warwick, Verne                                     Warwick Material Management Ltd.


Facilitator: Rod Brunes
Note Taker : Tom Wiseman




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          1999 Alternate Technology Field Test Facility Workshop Notes
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                          Alternate Flaring Technology Field Test Facility Workshop
                                          Breakout Group D – C-128



Name:                                         Company

Lee, Robert                                   Air Liquide

Dobko, Randy                                  Alberta Environmental Protection

Askin, Grant                                  Brooks Welding Services

Towson, Don                                   D.E. Towson & Associates Inc.

Ignasiak, Les                                 ECI/TD Enviro

Neulander, John                               Hudson Products

Naqvi, Dabir                                  Husky Oil Operations Ltd.

Bunio, Gary                                   Imperial Oil Resources Ltd.

Burrows, John W.                              John Zink Canada

Melling, Mike                                 Renaissance Energy Ltd.

Dantzer, Sarah                                Rigel Oil & Gas Ltd.

Shewchuk, Stan                                Saskatchewan Research Council

Dorigatti, Brad                               Secure Power Systems Ltd.

Mok, Al                                       Suncor Energy Inc.

Bates, Tom                                    Tesco Corporation

Kostiuk, Larry                                University of Alberta

Shaw, Lawton                                  University of Calgary


Facilitator: Don Towson

Notetaker: Al Mok




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          1999 Alternate Technology Field Test Facility Workshop Notes
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        C. WORKSHOP AGENDA


    Sponsored by: PTAC Petroleum Technology Alliance Canada, CAPP Canadian Association of Petroleum
                 Producers, EUB Alberta Energy & Utilities Board, and Environment Canada.


                                                        AGENDA

                         for Alternate Flaring Technology Field Test Facility Workshop
                                      May 25, 1999, 8:00 a.m. – 4:15 p.m.
                     Imperial Oil Research Centre, Room C-244, 3535 Research Road N.W.




1) Registration with coffee, juice & muffins                        8:00 - 8:30 a.m.

2) Welcome, acknowledgements and introductions.
   - Review of Workshop Objectives, Agenda and
      the overall process.
   - Review of RFP framework and breakout groups.                   8:30 - 8:50 a.m.

3) Presentation and discussion on the need for a field              8:50 – 9:15 a.m.
   test facility and the facility objectives.

4) Morning Breakout Group Discussions

        What factors and types of technology should
        the facility evaluate? (Prioritize each list)               9:15 – 9:45 a.m.

        Break                                                       9:45 – 10:00 a.m.

        Capability/Testing Criteria & Standards                     10:00 – 11:00 a.m.
        Range of Operating Conditions Required                      11:00 – 11:30 a.m.
        Preferred Attributes of Field Test Facility Location        11:30 – 12:00 p.m.

        Lunch                                                       12:00 – 12:45 p.m.

        Reporting on Morning Breakout Group Results
        (including questions and discussion)                        12:45 – 1:30 p.m.

        Afternoon Breakout Group Discussions

        Funding Mechanisms and Options                              1:30 – 2:00 p.m.
        Facility operator – desirable qualifications,
        potential organizations                                     2:00 – 2:30 p.m.
        Facility Management & Direction                             2:30 – 3:00 p.m.

        Break                                                       3:00 – 3:15 p.m.

        Reporting on Afternoon Breakout Group Results
        (including questions and discussion)                        3:15 – 4:00 p.m.

        Conclusion/Next Steps/RFP Preparation                       4:00 – 4:15 p.m.




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              1999 Alternate Technology Field Test Facility Workshop Notes
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II. BREAKOUT GROUP DISCUSSIONS



                                           Group A Discussion Results

Technology Type & Factors


Type
          -    Flare tips
          -    Enclosed ground flares
          -    Incinerators & hybrids
          -    Microturbines generators
          -    Engines (1 C & Sterling)
          -    Improved separators e.g. membranes
          -    LNG
          -    Syngas

Factors
          +Baseline
             - Efficiency of combustion
             - Liquid separation
             - Equipment (flares & association)
          +Combustion EFF vs destruction EFF
          +Energy EFF / usefulness
          +Volume reduction (new EUB id)
          - Test Methodology / protocol for flare
          - Operations training
          - Speciation of emissions
          - Community involvement & display / PR
          - Dispersion of emissions
          - Applicability & operability of Alt. tech.
          - Economics
          - Range & scalability of Capex & Op
          - Useful for priority setting
          - Validation of monitoring tools
          - Practicality & safety
          - Emission comparison to baseline (ie: species prod rate)
          - Noise
          - Visibility
          - Heat radiation
          - Life span
          - Maintenance (common skills)


Field Test Facility Criteria & Standards

1) Combustion EFF and HAP prod rates
      - CE is both HC & H2S
      - Define: CE
         - Preference to CO2/fuel
         - U of A proposal/paper
         - 25 PTAC components (HAP)
         - Rate units are useable to industry.


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             1999 Alternate Technology Field Test Facility Workshop Notes
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2) Measurement & Sampling
      - Single point for flares not preferred – Averaging global (space & time)
      - Open path methods
      - Correlation to lab CE to project HAP
      - Operating parameter restrictions

3)   Liquid “Carry-over”
        - Mass balance
        - Type
        - Droplet size
        - Amount

4) Accuracy Target or Statements

5) Metering
       - Flare volume
       - Electric output & quality

6) Gas Analysis

7) Met Conditions


Range of Operating Conditions

1) Flare Rate
       - Max
       - Range & turndown
       - Intermittent
       - Variability
*Sweet & Sour (0 – 10%)

2) Gas Composition
      - Available sources
      - Access to additive gases

3) Heating Value

4) Meteorology
      - Wind speed & variation
          - Historical
          - Actual
      - Ambient condition e.g. temp


Facility Attributes

         -    Solution gas battery electric grid – preferred
         -    Possible for multiple sites developed over time
         -    First focus on flare testing site
         -    Residents beneficial (density/sensitivity/distance)
         -    Western Canada preferred

Candidates

         -    ARC Devon Coal Research Centre (flares)
         -    Andersen
         -    Talisman/Renaissance
                                                                                      12
            1999 Alternate Technology Field Test Facility Workshop Notes
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Testing Protocol

1) Direction from
       - ARC
       - U of A
       - ACT
       - Vendors/Flare Manufactures

2) Repeatability & accuracy

3) Knowledge of previous testing

4) Measured key parameters & controlled variable

5) Template: SAE/CSA/ULC/ISO

6) GHG Validation (CO2 Credit Revenue)

7) Length of test
       - Validate results
       - Project life span

8) Perspective Protocol or Independent Testing

Operator Qualifications

        -    Slipstream operation
        -    Impartiality
        -    Credibility
        -    Qualifications
             - Tech
             - Management
             - Safety
             - Broad scope/expertise
        -    Level playing field
        -    Project manager
        -    Operator/proponent co-op
        -    “Stable” management structure
        -    Financial stability
        -    Academic qualifications
        -    Experience
        -    Manned or unmanned

Management and Direction

        -    Funders, technical experts, regulators, industry, ENGO’s?, community. (Board of direction)
        -    “Lightning rod” – Lead on comm.
        -    Mission statement – objectives
        -    8-10 people
        -    Sunset provision
        -    Business plan




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               1999 Alternate Technology Field Test Facility Workshop Notes
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                                               Group B Discussion Results

Technology to be tested should remain wide open.
Focus on recovery & improved destruction of solution gas
Consider all options for different site applications. ie: sour, sweet, dry, wet.

Drivers:
           -    Energy recovery
           -    Destruction
           -    Measurement of emissions toxins
           -    Measurement of input/output
           -    (Real time dispersion modeling)
           -    Public concern (Ludwig factor)

Gas Liquid Separation

What Factors Should the Facility Evaluate:

           -    Environmental factors
           -    Gas volumes available
           -    Monitoring capabilities
                - Flow rates
                - Gas composition (in/out) (sweet/sour)
                - Weather conditions
                - Downwind ambient conditions
           -    Only test commercially available tech
           -    Evaluate both recovery & destruction

Types of Alternate Flaring Technology Recovery Technologies:

1) Mini turbines
   Internal combustion engines
   Mini compressors
   Multi phase pumps

2) Membranes
   Absorption (amine & other sulfur recovery)
   Compression re-injection

3) Cluster collection
    Sale to rural supply

Destruction Technology

           -    Engineered flare tips
           -    Enclosed flares
           -    Exotic incineration (time/temp/turbulence)

Capability/Testing Criteria/Standards

           -    AEUB guidelines & AEP
           -    Measure in/out & near flame itself
           -    Test potentially commercially available technology – NOT R & D
           -    Site should be used for verification
           -    Real time dispersion modeling to optimize measurement of emissions

Range of Operating Conditions

                                                                                         14
            1999 Alternate Technology Field Test Facility Workshop Notes
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        -    Flow range (e.g.: 5m. CFD – 15k CFD)
        -    H2S range (e.g.: 0% - 5%)
        -    Pressure range (approx. field conditions atmospheric to - ?)
        -    Support fuel gas
        -    Spiking gasses (CO2/H2S/Benzene etc.)
        -    Liquids content 0% - x%
        -    Composition range C1 – C5
        -    Range of climatic conditions – Extremes
        -    Range of flare velocities
        -    Scale: Evaluation to scale up or down. e.g.: prototype – vendor defined

Facility Location/Attributes

        -    Location – centralized close to operator/researcher
        -    Large volumes of variable gas compositions (security of supply – 5yrs)
        -    Sweet & sour gas (H2S & CO2)
        -    Emissions monitoring capability
        -    Connectable to grind
        -    Utilities available (power, water, etc.)
        -    Free from other air emissions influences (both domestic & industry)
        -    Controlled public accessibility so as to demonstrate industry’s pro-active approach to improve
             emissions control
        -    Liquids storage

Funding Options

Capital Investment
         - Technology, developer
         - Producer/CAPP/API/NOAA
         - Government (Federal, Provincial, & U.S.)
         - Operator (rental costs)

Operational Costs
        - Technology developer/supplier
        - (Fee for service)
        - Need for protocol as incentive
        - Objective – verification
        - Initial vs longer
        - Term fund will shift

Test Facility Operator Qualification
       - Experience with E.P.C.
       - Highly respected & independent
       - Combustion engineering knowledge
       - Analytical & research experience
       - Protocol development
       - Environmental issues & consulting experience
       - Operating experience (gas, liquids separation/flares)

Potential Organizations
        - E.P.C. Firms
            - Colt/Fluor Daniel
            - Delta Hudson
            - Bantrel/Monenco
            - SNC-Laualin/Optima
            - CH2M/DPH

Research Organizations
                                                                                                                  15
           1999 Alternate Technology Field Test Facility Workshop Notes
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       -    ARC/U of A/ U of C
       -    U of S/ U of L/ U of R
       -    C-FER/SRC
       -    Canmet/Devon

Analytical/Environmental
        - Maxxam/Envirotest
        - Entech/Promet/Core etc.

Facilities Management/Direction

Steering Committee Concept
        - Membership
           - Sponsors
           - Public/NGO
           - Regulators(AEP/EUB/B.C. Gas Comm. S.E.M.)

Roles & Responsibilities of Steering Committee
       - Review and approve protocols
       - Technical direction
       - Communication plan
       - Review of R.F.P.’s




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            1999 Alternate Technology Field Test Facility Workshop Notes
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                                          Group C Discussion Results

Type of System – Source Gas

Solution gas nine to one (9:1)
How sour?
Reduce or improve or eliminate
Alternate technologies that use gas

Types
        -    Electrical generation
        -    Separator technology
        -    Heat recovery
        -    Incineration
        -    Clean up technology
        -    Improved combustion efficiency
        -    Process control

Gas stream
        - Heat value
        - Accessibility to Calgary
        - Environmental factors
        - Turn down capability/range
        - Noise
        - Visibility

Testing Protocol
        - Use of test data
        - Certification standards
        - Operating reliability
        - Operating range
        - Efficiency
        - Noise
        - Effect on greenhouse gases
        - Minimum standards for emissions
        - Length of test – 2-4 weeks
        - Longer term follow up reporting

Range of Operating Conditions
       - Flow PSI/temp/composition
       - Workable operating conditions
       - Compression (for some technologies)
       - Heat value to MJ/M3 (600 BTU)
       - Maximum temp 120 F or 40 C
       - PSI range 1 PSI to 70 PSI
       - Environmental monitoring

Test Facility Location
       - Close to Calgary 2-3 hours
       - Utilities – power, people, sanitary
       - Fuel gas, instrument air
       - All weather road
       - Not sweet but not NACE
       - Med. to good site facility
       - Crown vs private land
       - Proximity (1.5km) to closest resident
       - Amend facility approval

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              1999 Alternate Technology Field Test Facility Workshop Notes
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Funding

Categories of Cost
       - Infrastructure
       - Cost of Equipment
       - Testing

Sources of Funding
                                                            Capital      Operating

          -    Government                                   75           50
          -    Industry                                     20           25
          -    Commercial vendor                            5            25

Test Facility Operator – Skills

          -    Separation from operator
          -    Qualifications – credible, proven background in testing
          -    Know how to operate
          -    Protect management skills

Facility Management – Steering Committee

          -    1 Local producer
          -    1 Industry – CAPP, PTAC
          -    2 Government – Provincial, Federal
          -    1 Independent (CASA member)

Direction

          -    Watch budget
          -    Mandate being maintained
          -    Standards met
          -    Communicate results
          -    Review




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              1999 Alternate Technology Field Test Facility Workshop Notes
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                                                         Group D Discussion Results

Capability / Testing Criteria

Operating conditions
        - Stack diameter
        - Flow rate (0-12,600 M3/d)
        - H2S content (<1%)
        - Controllable liquid content

Utilities requirements
          - 3 phase power
          - Sweet gas
          - Air
          - Steam (want)

Environmental conditions monitoring
       - Wind speed/direction
       - Temperature
       - Solar energy
       - Relative humidity
       - At source and ground level

Objectives
        - Validation/certification
        - Comparative testing of alternate tech
        - Fee for service facility



Types & Factors of Technology

Types
          -    Conventional flares
          -    Enclosed flares
          -    Incineration
          -    Catalytic oxidation
          -    Electric power generation
          -    Gas conditioning
          -    Instrumentation, measurement, control equipment

Factors

Input Stream
         - Flow rate
         - Composition
         - Liquid content
         - Environment conditions
         - Gas temp./pressure

Output
          -    Composition
               - CO2, HC, H2S, SO2…
               - Pollutants (Nox…) trace org.
          -    Particulates


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            1999 Alternate Technology Field Test Facility Workshop Notes
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Test Site Attributes

        -    Accessibility (close to pop. centre)
        -    Wide range of environmental conditions
        -    Power grid access
        -    Acceptable to residents
        -    Currently conserving facility
        -    Remote from other flares
        -    Space (shop, office, lab…)

Funding Option and Mechanism

        -    Governments (ARC, NR Can, …)
             - “User pay”
             - Oil/gas producers
             - equipment/technology suppliers
        -    Ideas to encourage funding
             - GHG credits
             - Tax (R&D) credits

Facility Operator

        -    Past research experience
        -    Practical experience in operating oil facilities
        -    Technical know how
        -    Marketing capability
        -    Has no vested interest in any technology
        -    Potential operators
             -      ARC
             -      Consulting firm
             -      NR Can/Canmet
             -       ULC
             -       Battery operator

Facility Management and Direction

        -    Technical committee
        -    Project manager




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            1999 Alternate Technology Field Test Facility Workshop Notes
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IV. Results of Workshop Evaluation/Feedback Form

1. Provided opportunities for information sharing and exchange of views in a constructive fashion.
       Exceeded objective - 11
       Satisfied objective - 17
       Did not satisfy objective – 0

2. Provided opportunities for you to provide your ideas regarding the proposed facility.
       Exceeded objective – 10
       Satisfied objective – 17
       Did not satisfy objective – 1

a)          What factors and types of technology should the facility evaluate?

        -     Flare combustion efficiency and destruction efficiency
        -     Magnetizer fuel energizer
        -     The biggest bang for the buck may come from evaluating technology that would be used for
              measuring the overall efficiency & emission of a facility
        -     In this way there is less a priority on testing at a specific facility and more opportunity to look at a
              wider variety of alternatives available for improving recovery remission
        -     Technologies that would ultimately eliminate flares should get the priority
        -     Clustering, compression & pipeline injection, electrical generation compression & reinjection to well
              caps for isolated batteries heat generation, multiphase pumping, volumes aimed at should state at
              location where high volumes and long lasting to be handled first
        -     Health & environmental benefits of suggested flaring alternatives – ambient reductions in which
              pollutants? Priority – Benzene, DM, GHG’s
        -     Flares, incinerators, I.C/other engines, Liquid knock-out technology
        -     Measurement technologies: Emissions (caser/remote), sampling (collection), droplets (sizing/flow
              rate), flow rate measurement
        -     Provide more questions, new answers
        -     Gas cleanup, powergeneration technologies in 25 – 200 kw range
        -     Facility should evaluate all forms of flaring and its alternatives
        -     Develop sampling/test protocol. Test any technology that is used as an alternative to existing flaring.
              (Environmental assessment)
        -     All operating ranges should be considered
        -     Preferred location, would be in southern AB
        -     Funding mechanism should all be through government
        -     U of A/ U of C/ARC in a joint venture operator the facility. Their expertise in this area is defined
        -     A, TSC, should manage the facility. The group should be make up from other groups that don’t have
              an economic interest in the output
        -     Efficiency – carbon conversion, sulfur conversion
        -     Toxic species – production rates per kg fuel
        -     Stability, turndown, ignitability, reliability, knock out systems – droplet size, mast flux, composition


Capability/Testing Criteria and Standards

        -     Need to look at overall site emissions, not just “flare tip” emissions. For example: What if the burning
              efficiency of the “electrical generator” is less than the flare
        -     With this in mind now to look at the mass & energy balance and the impact of the technology on the
              net effect of the technology
        -     Online, real-time gas analysis
        -     Mass spec/GC
        -     Accuracy + x %
        -     Must have control of operating conditions

Range of operating conditions required
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            1999 Alternate Technology Field Test Facility Workshop Notes
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        -    Sweet/sour gas 0-10%lbs
        -    Capable of blending streams
        -    Access to diluents – CO2, N2
        -    Flow rates 0-12,600 m3/day – 0-8m/s exit velocity on a 6” stack
        -    1-10% H2S solution gas
        -    Range of met conditions
        -    Should environmental emissions & impact on the surrounding community be factors into the testing.
             Involvement of the community & key activist groups (ie: Pembina)
        -    Institutes should be a key component. Not only should we put hard data on the table but “softer”
             subjective assessment of the potential benefits/impacts

Preferred Attributes of Facility Location

        -    Not sure a centralized test facility is the best way to go. A decentralized approach within a focused
             testing frame work would minimize the disruption of the operations at a single facility while allowing a
             greater number of tests and broadest focus to the “testing” efforts
        -    Is this a testing facility or a certification facility. Important to resolve this question
        -    Flat location – easy to model dispersion of emissions
        -    Close to established researchers in field
        -    Close to urban center
        -    Access to sweet/sour gas
        -    Office/meeting/communications facilities

Funding Mechanisms and options

One valid concern was “how might the source of funding affect people’s perception of the validity of the results
What kind of royalty incentives
No clearly defined % involvement for capital & operating
Tie into GHG “credit for early action”

Facility Operator – desirable qualifications, potential organizations

        -    Good
        -    Need to clarify what is meant by “operator” need to look at the following for facility operator:
             - Is facility manned or unmanned?
             - What is the availability of technical operation staff?
             - What is the compliance history of the operator?
             - How flexible is the operator production vs testing?
        -    Technical expertise in combustion

Facility Management and Direction

        -    Environmental groups/public representation should be involved
        -    Good
        -    Would need a business plan with clear understanding of the scope objectives
        -    Involvement of the public would be an important concern, ultimately it is the public concerns over
             flaring that is the issue we are trying to address, let’s make sure we are looking at this!

3.   Please specify your objectives, and indicate how well this workshop met your specific objectives.
        Exceeded objective – 5
        Satisfied objective – 17
        Did not satisfy objective – 3
        Did not answer question – 3

        -    Improved flaring – elimination of flaring
        -    To learn the alternate flaring technologies, timelines for testing, how the technologies will be tested.

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           1999 Alternate Technology Field Test Facility Workshop Notes
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       -    To become the manager/operator of the facility and take an active leading role in the development of
            testing protocols standard
       -    To bring forward a product with the market to help flaring equipment. I have to work with and use,
            manufactures (flare) and testing operators.
       -    Regulatory objective: validation vs. certification argument is of concern. From a regulatory
            perspective certification seems the only viable route.
       -    Understand potential for flaring, flaring alternates testing/certification.
       -    Technology provider
       -    To determine direction of testing criteria
       -    Good for alternatives to reclaim energy
       -    To determine if C-FER would be interested in set-up and operation of facility
       -    Improved understanding of issues, meeting stakeholders
       -    Make sure all potential technologies are considered ie: heat recovery
       -    Provide more background a customer needs
       -    Understand the emission monitoring needs of this test facility. Although this is not clear because it is
            not yet well defined.
       -    Make participants aware of Boreal’s gas finder technology
       -    Ensure Boreal gets copied on RFP
       -    Address known technologies for destruction &recovery as solution to flaring within the new R&D –
            with AEUB angles for flow reduction we have to look at recovery technology.
       -    To introduce the concept of the magnetic treatment of fuel/air to improve combustion efficiency of
            flares

4. Please suggest ways in which future workshops could be improved.

       -    As a workshop, process worked well
       -    More advance information especially RFP timing would be beneficial – it will help in putting together
            partnerships.
       -    Possible have regulators (ie: EUB/Federal Government) give their view on direction and issues as
            they see if (short speech) followed by work shop this would include factual information and if funding
            & incentives would be available.
       -    Be clearer on objectives
       -    Reduce to ½ day format with working lunch
       -    A clearer description of the expected deliverable from the workshop
       -    Participation of rural communities or organizations (ie: First Nations, Metis, Pembina) would be highly
            recommended in terms of the feedback provided

5. Other comments

       -    Very good workshop
       -    I’m not sure we are solving the right problems being armed with all sorts of facts over the operation of
            a flare will not help us solve the public issues without information regarding the
            difference/changes/improvements in public health also being included.
       -    Useful workshop, good cross section of various stakeholders
       -    Public consultation and education of the community will be very positive




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