1. What were the major problems facing the South and the nation after the Civil
War? How did Reconstruction address them, or fail to do so?
2. What caused the end of the Reconstruction? What did the North and South
each gain from the Compromise of 1877?
3. How did the Whites finally overcome resistance of the Plains Indians, and
what happened to the Indians after their resistance ceased?
4. Explain the effects that the Railroads had on Native Americans, business, and
the population of the west. How does the Homestead Act, the Dawes Act, and
the Pacific Railway Act figure into the scenario?
Industry and Immigration
1. American cities “grew up, out, and apart” in the late 19 th and early 20th
century. Assess the validity of this statement.
2. Detail the changing structure of American society and culture during the 2 nd
Industrial Revolution and the movement to cities.
3. Detail the way in which cities were populated, how they were organized
culturally and politically, and how immigrants and industry fit into that.
4. Describe the relationship between industry, labor, and the government. Be
sure to include how robber barons fit into this and famous strikes.
Impe rialis m & WWI
”The taste of empire is in the mouths of the people!” Assess the validity of this statement
made at the conclusion of the Spanish-American War.
Describe the relationship between the United States and Europe at the turn of this century
in terms of their attitudes toward and involvement with each other. Given this
relationship, explain the U.S. entry into World War I.
“The United States in the period of 1898-1919 failed to recognize that it had vital
interests at stake in Europe, where it tried to stay aloof. At the same time, it had few or
no such interests in Asia, where it eagerly became involved.” Assess the validity of this
American citizens experienced an assault on their civil rights during WWI. Additionally,
the massive changes in the country during this era changed forever the power of the
federal government. Assess the validity of these statements.
Robber Barons, because of their accumulated wealth and investment, were actually very
good for the growing industrial economy and of the United States during the 2 nd
Assess the validity of this statement.
Compare the work of the Progressives at the local and state levels.
Who were the muckrakers? Why were they important to Progressivism?
1920s & 1930s
How do you account for the onset of the Great Depression o f the 1930s?
“The New Deal did not radically alter American business, but conserved and protected
it.” Assess the validity of this statement.
Franklin D. Roosevelt’s New Deal represented a radical departure from previous
American traditions in government and political economy. Evaluate this statement.
“The business of government IS business!” Explain the significance of this statement in
terms of United States government policies in the 1920s and the long-term impact of
During the presidential election in 1920, the Republican candidate, Warren G. Harding,
called for a “return to normalcy” after the activism of the Progressive era. How did
Harding and his successor, Calvin Coolidge, respond to the public clamor for a “return to
WWII – Present
1. How did the television and other innovations of the “consumer age” affect
American politics, society, and culture in the 1950s?
2. How was the cultural upheaval of the 1960s related to the political and social
changes of the decade?
3. Describe the evolution of Cold War policy from containment to massive
retaliation to flexible response. How were each successful, and what failures
did each policy suffer.
Analyze the appeal of Dwight D. Eisenhower to voters in the 1950s.
What was “McCarthyism” and why did it flourish between 1950 and 1955?
What accounted for the growth between 1940 and 1965 of popular and governmental
concern for the position of African Americans in American society?
“Harry S Truman was a realistic, pragmatic President who skillfully led the American
people against the menace posed by the Soviet Union.” Assess the validity of this
generalization for President Truman’s foreign policy from 1945 to 1953.
During the 1950s, 60s, and 70s giant social revolutions occurred. Discuss the reasons for
and implications of these revolutions.