VIRGINIA GREENHOUSE Feasibility and Business Plan

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					                                                                  VIRGINIA GREENHOUSE
                                                                  Feasibility and Business Plan




                                                                                                                                                                 http://www.growingpower.org
                 Olcott Park Greenhouse             9th Ave. W. and 7th St. N.   Virginia, MN 55792




                 SOCIAL SUSTAINABILITY.                   ECONOMIC SUSTAINABILITY.               ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY



                                           Preserving a local attraction by fostering
                                           community sustainability.
Virginia Greenhouse Feasibility and Business Plan                                               University of Minnesota   Center for Sustainable Building Research
                 SOCIAL SUSTAINABILITY.                                                              ECONOMIC SUSTAINABILITY.                        ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY.



                                                                                                               What is the Virginia Greenhouse Project?




                                                                http://horticulture.cfans.umn.edu/
                                                                                                              The City of Virginia Greenhouse is owned and operated by the City of Virginia.
                                                                                                              The City of Virginia is the local government for this Iron Range City with a Mayor,
                                                                                                              a Council supported by a full-time staff, several citizen commissions, and many
                                                                                                              volunteer groups.


                                                                                                              The 8,000 square foot Greenhouse has been a local attraction since 1935. Citizens

                 Exterior photograph of Virginia Greenhouse                                                   and tourists enjoy viewing a variety of tropical plants during all seasons, and
                                                                                                              especially the comfort and warmth of this unique green space during the long
                                                                                                              winter months.
                                                              http://horticulture.cfans.umn.edu/




                                                                                                              The Virginia Greenhouse in its current form is not economically self-sustaining and
                                                                                                              is at risk of closure. In addition, it is also operating below standard with regards to
                                                                                                              environmental sustainability. Through the Virginia Greenhouse project, research
                                                                                                              is being conducted to explore options for operating the green house sustainably
                                                                                                              (economically, environmentally and socially) so that this much-needed amenity
                                                                                                              can continue well into the future.
                 Interior photograph of Virginia Greenhouse




Virginia Greenhouse Feasibility and Business Plan                                                                                                   University of Minnesota   Center for Sustainable Building Research
                 SOCIAL SUSTAINABILITY.             ECONOMIC SUSTAINABILITY.                       ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY.



                                                              What is sustainability?

                                                             The Wikipedia definition says it well. Sustainability, in a broad sense, is the

                                                             capacity to endure. In ecology, the word describes how biological systems remain

                                                             diverse and productive over time. For humans it is the potential for long-term

                                                             maintenance of wellbeing, which in turn depends on the wellbeing of the natural

                                                             world and the responsible use of natural resources.




                                                             What is the triple bottom line?
                                                             A consideration of ecological and social performance in addition to financial

                                                             performance refers to the triple bottom line, also known as the 3 es of economy,
                                                             economy, and equity or the 3 ps of people, planet and profit.




Virginia Greenhouse Feasibility and Business Plan                                                University of Minnesota     Center for Sustainable Building Research
                                             SOCIAL SUSTAINABILITY.   ECONOMIC SUSTAINABILITY.                      ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY.



                                                                                How are these terms defined?

                                                                               Social Sustainability.
                                                                               Social sustainability, an aspect of sustainable development, refers to the need to
        http://www.sustainablemeasures.com




                                                                               address human rights, labor rights, governance and access even as environmental

                                                                               and economic issues are being addressed.



                                                                               Economic Sustainability.
                                                                               Economic sustainability, an aspect of sustainable development, refers to the need

                                                                               to consider issues of economic viability alongside, rather than at the expense of

                                                                               environmental and social issues.
        http://www.sustainablemeasures.com




                                                                               Environmental Sustainability.
                                                                               Environmental sustainability, an aspect of sustainable development, refers to

                                                                               the need for long-term sustenance of the ecosystem to meet the needs of future
                                                                               generations.




Virginia Greenhouse Feasibility and Business Plan                                                                  University of Minnesota   Center for Sustainable Building Research
                 SOCIAL SUSTAINABILITY.                              ECONOMIC SUSTAINABILITY.                       ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY.



                                                                               Who are the user’s?

                                                                              Tourism
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                                                                               sed nibh gravida iaculis. Aliquam erat volutpat. Etiam mollis consequat eleifend.

                                                                               Fusce vitae velit nibh. Nunc sed gravida metus.



                 Community meeting at the Jones Valley Urban Farm.            Friends of the Greenhouse
                                                                               Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Maecenas tempor erat

                                                                               sed nibh gravida iaculis. Aliquam erat volutpat. Etiam mollis consequat eleifend.

                                                                               Fusce vitae velit nibh. Nunc sed gravida metus.



                                                                              Community of Virginia
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                                                                              sed nibh gravida iaculis. Aliquam erat volutpat. Etiam mollis consequat eleifend.
                                                                              Fusce vitae velit nibh. Nunc sed gravida metus.




Virginia Greenhouse Feasibility and Business Plan                                                                 University of Minnesota   Center for Sustainable Building Research
                 SOCIAL SUSTAINABILITY.             ECONOMIC SUSTAINABILITY.                       ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY.



                                                              Where are other examples of greenhouses and community?

                                                              Jones Valley Urban Farm
                                                              Birmingham, AL

                           National                           Non-Profit organization that provides community outreach and educational
                                                              programs by re-purposing abandoned urban lots.           Implementing community
                                                              gardens that educate the youth about “sustainable agriculture and nutrition through
                                                              outdoor experiential education (www.jvuf.org).”


                                                              Growing Power
                                                              Milwaukee, WI
                          Regional                            Non-Profit Organization and Land Trust created to provide communities with
                                                              high-quality, safe and affortable food. By providing hands-on training, outreach,
                                                              and education they are able to develop a local Community Food System.


                                                              Willmar Community Greenhouse
                                                              Willmar, MN

                                                              <insert text>
                            Local




Virginia Greenhouse Feasibility and Business Plan                                                 University of Minnesota   Center for Sustainable Building Research
                                                                                                                                             http://www.jvuf.org

                 SOCIAL SUSTAINABILITY.             ECONOMIC SUSTAINABILITY.                                    SUSTAINABILITY.
                                                                                                  ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY


                 Jones Valley Urban Farm
                 Location_ Birmingham, AL           What?
                 Type_Urban Community Garden
                 Organization_Non-Profit             Educational programs offered to children
                                                     and adults.




                                                                                                                                                     http://www.jvuf.org
                                                     Provides community outreach.




                                                                                                   Nearly 50 garden plots are open to the community.




                                                    How?

                                                     Nearly 50 garden plots are open to the
                                                     community.

                                                     Organic gardening classes offered monthly




                                                                                                                                                     http://www.jvuf.org
                                                     to the general public.
                           National
                                                     Provides pre-kindergarten educational
                                                     opportunities.

                                                     Agriscience program for high school ages.     Education programs are offered to children and adults.



Virginia Greenhouse Feasibility and Business Plan                                                University of Minnesota      Center for Sustainable Building Research
                                                                                                                                                           http://www.jvuf.org

                 SOCIAL SUSTAINABILITY.                                           ECONOMIC SUSTAINABILITY.                       SUSTAINABILITY.
                                                                                                                   ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY


                                                                                    Jones Valley Urban Farm
                                                                                    Location_ Birmingham, AL        What?
                                                                                    Type_Urban Community Garden
                                                                                    Organization_Non-Profit           Creative self-sustaining practices reduce
                                                            http://www.jvuf.org                                       operating costs.




        Produce sold at the local farmers market.




                                                                                                                    How?

                                                                                                                       Produce supplies the local restaurants,
                                                                                                                       farmers markets, schools, floral
                                                                                                                       distributors, grocery stores.
                                                            http://www.jvuf.org




                                                                                                                       Used cooking oil serves as “bio-diesel” to
                                                                                         National                      power farm tractors.

                                                                                                                       Local restaurants contribute to the
                                                                                                                       compost, which creates fertilizer for the
        Selling the produce generates income for the non-                                                              soil.
        profit.


Virginia Greenhouse Feasibility and Business Plan                                                                 University of Minnesota   Center for Sustainable Building Research
                                                                                                                                                                           http://www.jvuf.org

                 SOCIAL SUSTAINABILITY.                                         ECONOMIC SUSTAINABILITY.                                         SUSTAINABILITY.
                                                                                                                                   ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY


                                                                                                                                    Jones Valley Urban Farm
                                                                                What?                                               Location_ Birmingham, AL
                                                                                                                                    Type_Urban Community Garden
                                                                                 Provides a model of sustainability for the         Organization_Non-Profit
                                                          http://www.jvuf.org    community.

                                                                                 Reduces Dependence on the water supply
                                                                                 system.




        Hoop House extends the growing season, and allows
        crops to be planted earlier.




                                                                                How?

                                                                                 Butterfly roof diverts rainwater to a cistern.

                                                                                 Collected water is pumped to fields and
                                                                                 irrgiates crops.
                                                          http://www.jvuf.org




                                                                                 Roof angle blocks intense summer sun on                    National
                                                                                 the south, while allowing cool northern
                                                                                 breezes.

        Detail of the butterfly roof meeting water catchment
        system.


Virginia Greenhouse Feasibility and Business Plan                                                                                 University of Minnesota   Center for Sustainable Building Research
                                                                                                                             http://www.growingpower.org

                 SOCIAL SUSTAINABILITY.             ECONOMIC SUSTAINABILITY.                        ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY.



                Growing Power
                                                    What?




                                                                                                                                                       http://www.growingpower.org/blog/
                Location_Milwaulkee, WI
                Type_Produce Farms                  Develop Community Food Systems.
                Organization_Non Profit,
                             Land Trust             Promote local food security.




                                                    How?

                                                      The Farm-to-City Market Basket Program
                                                      offers weekly deliveries throughout
                                                      Milwaukee, Madison and Chicago from
                                                      Farms in Milwaukee.

                                                      During winter months, they rely on storage
                                                      crops such as onions, potatoes, and sweet
                          Regional                    potatoes, among other sources.




Virginia Greenhouse Feasibility and Business Plan                                                  University of Minnesota   Center for Sustainable Building Research
                                                                                                                        http://www.growingpower.org

                 SOCIAL SUSTAINABILITY.                            ECONOMIC SUSTAINABILITY.    ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY.



                                                                   Growing Power
                                                                                                What?
                                                                   Location_Milwaulkee, WI
                                                                   Type_Produce Farms           Market available resources.
                                                                   Organization_Non Profit,
                                                                                Land Trust




        Vermicompost, or Worm Compost.




                                                                                                How?

                                                                                                   Tilapia and Yellow Perch fertilize crops
                                                                                                   and herbs through aquaponics. They are
                                                                                                   hardy fish, easy to maintain, and can be
                                                                                                   marketed to local restaurants.

                                                                                                   Worm composts can create a rich, organic
                                                                                                   fertilizer and conditioner to be used in
                                                                          Regional                 plant beds and sold to the public.

        Incorporating an aqua culture to raise plants and fisih.



Virginia Greenhouse Feasibility and Business Plan                                             University of Minnesota   Center for Sustainable Building Research
                                                                                                                               http://www.growingpower.org

                 SOCIAL SUSTAINABILITY.              ECONOMIC SUSTAINABILITY.                         ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY.



                                                                                                      Growing Power
                                                     What?
                                                                                                      Location_Milwaulkee, WI
                                                     Re-circulating system uses less energy to        Type_Produce Farms
                                                     operate.                                         Organization_Non Profit,
                                                                                                                   Land Trust




        Gravity transport system irrigates plants.




                                                     How?

                                                       Through gravity transport, water from the
                                                       fish tanks are filtered through a rock bed.

                                                       Filtered water is pumped to irrigate the
                                                       plant beds.

                                                       Water from plant beds returns to the fish
                                                       tanks.
                                                                                                               Regional

                                                       Easy to build and only requires a small
                                                       heat pump.


Virginia Greenhouse Feasibility and Business Plan                                                    University of Minnesota   Center for Sustainable Building Research
                                                                                                                            http://www.farmtoschool.org

                 SOCIAL SUSTAINABILITY.             ECONOMIC SUSTAINABILITY.                       ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY.



                Willmar Community Greenhouse
                                                    What?
                Location_Willmar, MN
                Type_Community Greenhouse           Willmar High School Students the Youth
                Organization_Wilmar Senior          Energy Summit. Their mission was to
                HIgh School                         collaborate with local community groups
                                                    and businesses to decrease fossil fuel
                                                    consumption by growing produce locally.




                                                    How?

                                                      YES! is a team-oriented youth program
                                                      that uses hands-on, experiential learning
                                                      and energy action projects to address
                                                      energy opportunities and issues in rural
                                                      Minnesota communities.


                       Local




Virginia Greenhouse Feasibility and Business Plan                                                 University of Minnesota   Center for Sustainable Building Research
                                                                                                             http://www.farmtoschool.org

                 SOCIAL SUSTAINABILITY.             ECONOMIC SUSTAINABILITY.        ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY.



                                                    Willmar Community Greenhouse
                                                                                     What?
                                                    Location_Willmar, MN
                                                    Type_Community Garden            Minimize utility and operational costs.
                                                    Organization_Wilmar Senior
                                                    HIgh School




                                                                                     How?

                                                                                        Produce grown is purchased by local
                                                                                        schools, sold to the general public, and
                                                                                        donated to the food shelf.

                                                                                        Students applied for, and received several
                                                                                        grants to fund the project.
                                                       Local                            Solar panels donated by Minnwest.

                                                                                        Biomass burner donated by Aquatherm



Virginia Greenhouse Feasibility and Business Plan                                  University of Minnesota   Center for Sustainable Building Research
                                                                                                                            http://www.farmtoschool.org

                 SOCIAL SUSTAINABILITY.             ECONOMIC SUSTAINABILITY.                       ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY.



                                                                                                   Willmar Community Greenhouse
                                                    What?
                                                                                                   Location_Willmar, MN
                                                    Use available resources.                       Type_Community Garden
                                                                                                   Organization_Wilmar Senior
                                                                                                   HIgh School




                                                    How?

                                                      Solar panels collect energy from the sun.

                                                      Water filled containers create a thermal
                                                      mass, lowering heating costs.

                                                      <insert text>
                                                                                                        Local




Virginia Greenhouse Feasibility and Business Plan                                                 University of Minnesota   Center for Sustainable Building Research
                                                                                                                        http://www.farmtoschool.org

                 SOCIAL SUSTAINABILITY.             ECONOMIC SUSTAINABILITY.                   ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY.



                                                              National Sustainable Design Guidelines

                                                              LEED
                                                              US Green Building Council
                                                              www.usgbc.org
                           National


                                                              LEED Canada
                                                              Canada Green Building Council
                                                              www.cagbc.org



                          Regional
                                                              Green Globes
                                                              Green Building Initiative
                                                              www.thegbi.org




                                                              Go Green Program
                            Local                             BOMA Canada
                                                              www.bomagogreen.com




Virginia Greenhouse Feasibility and Business Plan                                             University of Minnesota   Center for Sustainable Building Research
                 SOCIAL SUSTAINABILITY.             ECONOMIC SUSTAINABILITY.                      ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY.



                                                              Regional Sustainable Design Guidelines

                                                              High Performance Building Guidelines
                                                              New York City
                                                              www.nyc.gov/html/ddc/html/ddcgreen/
                           National




                                                              Minnesota Sustainable Building Guidelines
                                                              www.csbr.umn.edu/B3


                          Regional


                                                              Florida Green Commercial Standard
                                                              floridagreenbuilding.org




                            Local




Virginia Greenhouse Feasibility and Business Plan                                              University of Minnesota   Center for Sustainable Building Research
                 SOCIAL SUSTAINABILITY.                         ECONOMIC SUSTAINABILITY.    ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY.




                                                    Project A                                Project B



Virginia Greenhouse Feasibility and Business Plan                                          University of Minnesota   Center for Sustainable Building Research
                 SOCIAL SUSTAINABILITY.             ECONOMIC SUSTAINABILITY.    ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY.




Virginia Greenhouse Feasibility and Business Plan                              University of Minnesota   Center for Sustainable Building Research
                 SOCIAL SUSTAINABILITY.             ECONOMIC SUSTAINABILITY.    ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY.




Virginia Greenhouse Feasibility and Business Plan                              University of Minnesota   Center for Sustainable Building Research
                                                         VIRGINIA GREENHOUSE
                                                         Feasibility and Business Plan




                 SOCIAL SUSTAINABILITY.             ECONOMIC SUSTAINABILITY.                  ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY




Virginia Greenhouse Feasibility and Business Plan                        Labovitz School of Business and Economics   Bureau of Business and Economic Research
                 SOCIAL SUSTAINABILITY.             ECONOMIC SUSTAINABILITY.                        ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY.



                                                              How can we study feasibility and develop a business plan?

                                                             Consider long-term cost of operation.
                                                             Plan for economic sustainability.
                                                               Reduce overall operating cost through energy efficiency measures.

                                                               Document the economic feasibility of operating the greenhouse and identify

                                                               potential for revenue generation.



                                                             How can we achieve economic sustainability?

                                                             Considerations.
                                                               Improved greenhouse can attract more people to the area.

                                                               Educational model for students and community members.

                                                               Enhance our communities’ knowledge of greenhouse food production in cold

                                                               climates.
                                                               Mining reforestation efforts will enhance converting barren mine lands to working

                                                               forests.



Virginia Greenhouse Feasibility and Business Plan                              Labovitz School of Business and Economics   Bureau of Business and Economic Research
                 SOCIAL SUSTAINABILITY.             ECONOMIC SUSTAINABILITY.                        ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY.



                                                              What are the feasibility considerations?

                                                             Sell part or all of the asset?
                                                               Parcel

                                                               Building only

                                                               Relocate building


                                                             Privatize or remain public?
                                                               Partnership with schools

                                                               Partially privatize?


                                                              Can the business be profitable?




Virginia Greenhouse Feasibility and Business Plan                              Labovitz School of Business and Economics   Bureau of Business and Economic Research
                 SOCIAL SUSTAINABILITY.             ECONOMIC SUSTAINABILITY.                    ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY.



                                                              Greenhouse Business Plan Outline

                                                             History and Background

                                                             Marketing

                                                             Operations and Management

                                                             Financial




Virginia Greenhouse Feasibility and Business Plan                          Labovitz School of Business and Economics   Bureau of Business and Economic Research
                 SOCIAL SUSTAINABILITY.             ECONOMIC SUSTAINABILITY.                      ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY.



                                                              History

                                                             Vegetable and Flower Gardens

                                                             Zoo

                                                             Greenhouse

                                                             Rock Garden

                                                             Special garden events

                                                             Winter sports




Virginia Greenhouse Feasibility and Business Plan                            Labovitz School of Business and Economics   Bureau of Business and Economic Research
                 SOCIAL SUSTAINABILITY.                           ECONOMIC SUSTAINABILITY.                           ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY.



                                                               Timeline of sample costs and activities
                                                              “Growing Up in Olcott Park” by Ardys Hawkinson


                      1907     Cost of operations = $1,019                                       1936     Rock Garden project = $36,005
                                                                                                          Budget = $40,000
                      1915     75 buffaloes @ $300 ea. (75 x $300 = $22,500)                              1,100 tuberous rooted begonias chrysanthemum;
                               Gardens used to raise vegetables and a zoo opened                          attendance = 3,000
                                                                                                 1939     30.05 acres of Olcott Park sold to Oliver Iron Mining
                      1916     Stone entrances constructed at a cost of $1,995                            Company for $9,015 ($4,515 immediate payment)

                      1917     Improvement & repairs = $667.88                                   1937     chrysanthemums = 2,500; attendance = 4,000

                      1925     Monkey House built 4 wold pups purchased @ $6 ea.                 1938     140 part-time employees; 8 full-time
                               (4 x $6 = $24)
                                                                                                 1938     New monkey cage constructed; circulating heater
                      1928     Greenhouse addition - labor and material = $2,581.49; elk                  installed; ceiling insulated
                               and deer hides sold for $722.31
                                                                                                 1939     Electric bill = $4.70
                      1930     Olcott Park leased by Great Northern Mining Company
                               to Virginia for 10 years                                          1940     Cash outlay (Iron Bowl) = $35.88; attendance = 1,800
                                                                                                          Final payment made
                      1933     Greenhouse built by Virginia Park Commission at a cost                     750 gallon water tank mounted; new pumping unit
                               of $2,897.67                                                               installed
                               Plants in winter = 12,000; in summer = 400,000
                                                                                                 1941     Winter sports equipment = $2,649.40
                      1934     C.W.A Federal Grant = $46,773.00




Virginia Greenhouse Feasibility and Business Plan                                               Labovitz School of Business and Economics   Bureau of Business and Economic Research
                 SOCIAL SUSTAINABILITY.             ECONOMIC SUSTAINABILITY.                        ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY.



                                                              What are the potential markets?

                                                             Services and Commodities
                                                               Seedlings and plants

                                                               Local winter food growing

                                                               Tourist destination

                                                               Educational facility

                                                               Community forum on locally grown food and mining reforestation

                                                               Recreational facility

                                                               Local food

                                                               Security

                                                               Learning labs

                                                               Greenhouse food production



                                                              What other commodities, services and markets occur to
                                                              the group?




Virginia Greenhouse Feasibility and Business Plan                              Labovitz School of Business and Economics   Bureau of Business and Economic Research
                 SOCIAL SUSTAINABILITY.             ECONOMIC SUSTAINABILITY.                        ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY.



                                                              What are other markets?

                                                             Partnering
                                                               Colleges/Schools (cafeteria supply, volunteering)

                                                             Arboretum
                                                               Advertising

                                                               Events

                                                               Other marketing opportunities

                                                             Vegetable Growers
                                                               Hydroponics

                                                               Organic




Virginia Greenhouse Feasibility and Business Plan                              Labovitz School of Business and Economics   Bureau of Business and Economic Research
                 SOCIAL SUSTAINABILITY.             ECONOMIC SUSTAINABILITY.                     ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY.



                                                              Management and Operations

                                                             Size and scope of                                  Customers and competitors
                                                             restructuring facility
                                                                                                                Ownership
                                                             Company’s legal structure
                                                             and history                                        Personnel

                                                             SWOT and BE Analysis                               Technology
                                                             Mission, vision, goals and
                                                             objectives                                         Expand Advisory Board
                                                                                                                   Friends of the Greenhouse
                                                             Products/services and
                                                                                                                   Virginia Area Historical Society
                                                             suppliers
                                                                                                                   Other volunteers?




Virginia Greenhouse Feasibility and Business Plan                           Labovitz School of Business and Economics    Bureau of Business and Economic Research
                 SOCIAL SUSTAINABILITY.             ECONOMIC SUSTAINABILITY.                        ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY.



                                                              What are the sources of revenue? (sales, donations, grants, subsidies, fees)

                                                             Financial projections (and associated assumptions)
                                                               First year projected income statement

                                                               First year projected cash flow statement

                                                               Second and third years projected income statements

                                                               Second and third years projected cash flow statements

                                                               Beginning balance sheet and three years ending balance sheets.




Virginia Greenhouse Feasibility and Business Plan                              Labovitz School of Business and Economics   Bureau of Business and Economic Research
                 SOCIAL SUSTAINABILITY.             ECONOMIC SUSTAINABILITY.                         ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY.



                                                              Moving Forward

                                                             BBER will need inputs
                                                               BBER is contacting sources in order to collect the necessary data to

                                                               project feasibility and to lay out the business plan.




                                                             For more information
                                                               Contact
                                                               Jim Skurla, Director
                                                               Bureau of Business and Economic Research
                                                               213A Labovitz School of Business and Economics,
                                                               1318 Kirby Drive, Duluth, MN 55812
                                                               Phone: 218-726-7895
                                                               Email: jskurla@umn.edu




Virginia Greenhouse Feasibility and Business Plan                               Labovitz School of Business and Economics   Bureau of Business and Economic Research

				
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