ASDI_ActionPlan_2003_v1-1 by ashrafp

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									IMPLEMENTING
THE AUSTRALIAN SPATIAL
DATA INFRASTRUCTURE




[action plan 2003–2004]




ANZLIC Spatial Data Infrastructure
Standing Committee

Final—May 2003
(v1.1—last updated 1 August 2003)
ASDI Action Plan 2003–2004


The ASDI vision

ANZLIC’s vision is that Australia’s and New Zealand’s economic growth, and social and
environmental interests are underpinned by quality spatially referenced information.
Quality spatially referenced information is current, complete, accurate, affordable,
accessible and integratable.

ANZLIC recognises that many countries around the world are developing national spatial
data infrastructures and acknowledges that an Australian Spatial Data Infrastructure
(ASDI) is a key element in delivering benefits from collection, management and use of
spatially referenced information.

The ASDI vision thus is:

Australia’s spatially referenced data, products and services are available and
accessible to all users.



What is the ASDI?

The ASDI comprises the people, policies and technologies necessary to enable the
generation and use of spatially referenced data through all levels of government, the
private and non-profit sectors and academia.



What is driving the ASDI?

   Maximising the economic, social and environmental benefits from investment already
    being made in spatially referenced data.

   Facilitating industry development.

   Rising community expectations for online services.

   Globalisation.

   Technology.

   Changing societal priorities.

   Environmental degradation and natural resource depletion.

   Protecting communities through measures such as emergency management and
    counter terrorism.



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Identified barriers to the ASDI

   Immature institutional arrangements and user/ provider relationships.

   Inconsistencies in the availability and quality of spatially referenced data.

   Inconsistent policies concerning access to and use of spatially referenced data.

   Incomplete knowledge about the availability and quality of existing spatially referenced
    data.

   Lack of best practice in the utilisation of enabling technologies.



ANZLIC and the ASDI

ANZLIC, through its Spatial Data Infrastructure Standing Committee is facilitating solutions
to the various barriers facing the ASDI and continuing to monitor those factors driving
implementation of the ASDI.

The Standing Committee recognises that some elements of the ASDI are already
developed, including some policies and guidelines, metadata records and institutional
arrangements. Information about both ANZLIC and jurisdictional initiatives is located on
the ANLZIC Web Site at <www.anzlic.org.au>. However, there is more that can be done.

A number of priorities for further action are:

   Improve institutional arrangements.

   Develop policies and guidelines to remove barriers to information flows.

   Facilitate all jurisdictions moving in the same direction on policy issues such as
    access and pricing, copyright and privacy.

   Coordinate development and adoption of a minimum set of standards focussed on
    data quality.

   Facilitate useful and well documented statements of data quality.

   Update directories of available information.

   Facilitate interoperability where needed to support flows of information.

   Promote the integratability of data where needed (what needs to fit together should fit
    together).

   Investigate defining and refining priorities for national datasets.




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      Develop the people and capacity to build the infrastructure including education, skills
       formation, research and development initiatives.

The standing committee acknowledges that the ASDI should be seen as more than an
aggregation of individual jurisdictional SDI initiatives and that it is important to identify and
engage all stakeholders in the evolution of the ASDI as a national initiative.
Implementation needs to be value-driven and cooperative.

It is also recognised that institutional and capacity building strategies are addressed within
the Spatial Information Industry Action Agenda (2001). These include building
relationships between the public, private and academic sectors, education and skills
formation and increasing research and development. These strategies are already being
pursued by various bodies in the industry. For example, spatial data infrastructures is one
of the research areas identified in the Cooperative Research Centre for Spatial Information
(CRC-SI) program. Links will be established with these other initiatives as part of ASDI
implementation.



Priority actions

The SDI Standing Committee has identified the following priority areas for implementation
of the ASDI in 2003–2004:

      1. ASDI governance

      2. Access to data

      3. Data quality

      4. Interoperability

      5. Integratability



Goals and objectives

1. ASDI governance

    Goal. Holders of spatial data, service providers and users in government agencies,
          business enterprises, academic institutions and community groups are
          involved in implementation and use of the ASDI.



Background. The focus of ASDI governance efforts is to improve institutional
arrangements in support of the ASDI. The key outcome to be achieved is the removal of
barriers to access and use of spatially related data. Institutional arrangements are
currently based on a cooperative approach supported largely by personal relationships,
which while assisting with communication and action, can fall over when personnel


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changes occur. Therefore, there is a need to develop enduring underpinning structures.
The emerging changes in the spatial information industry, especially the emergence of a
stronger single voice from the private sector through the Australian Spatial Information
Business Association (ASIBA) have highlighted the need for new governance
arrangements that take into account the balance between public and private sectors, data
sources and data users. It is also important to recognise the potential contribution from
research and development bodies, now represented nationally by the Australian Spatial
Information Education and Research Association (ASIERA). ASIBA and ASIERA are
represented on the ANZLIC SDI Standing Committee. Governance models relevant to the
ASDI need to be progressed further.

Objectives. Ascertain user views on barriers to access to spatial data; develop
institutional arrangements to help remove barriers to access and use of spatially
referenced data; implement governance and relationship models to obtain consensus for
and involvement in ASDI implementation; raise awareness, demonstrate the benefits,
obtain support and promote investment for implementation of the ASDI within provider and
user communities.

Actions.

       Continue to strengthen coordination arrangements in jurisdictions to provide a
        whole of jurisdiction response to SDI implementation;

       Develop agreements targeted at relationship management and consensus
        building for the ASDI (eg. MOU’s amongst military and civilian SDI, jurisdictions,
        local government, public/private sectors, communities of practice as needed);

       Implement an ASDI Communications Plan to communicate progress and obtain
        stakeholder feedback on ASDI implementation, initially through the ASDI
        workshop series 2003;

       Develop a demonstration project on the use of spatial data for counter-terrorism
        requiring multi-jurisdictional data access.



2. Data Access

 Goal. Spatial data users are able to find and access existing data sources and
       services with minimum impediments.



Background. The SDI Standing Committee is to take a lead on data access issues.

A number of issues need to be addressed, including:

       The desirability of common legislation across jurisdictions to assist access to
        spatial data, especially by the private sector.

       Users need to be aware of the availability of existing data.



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       Government access to private sector records.

       Knowing what data exists will assist users to lobby for access, recognising that
        the private sector is now better placed to lobby for access through the emergence
        of ASIBA.

There are some impediments found by agencies in making data accessible. Best practice
data access guidelines should be provided for agency personnel to follow to assist them in
addressing and overcoming these impediments.

Objectives. Encourage data sources and service providers to advise potential users about
the availability of their spatial data and services; support development of tools that assist
users find and access existing spatial data and services; assist spatial data and service
providers to develop consistent policies and best practice procedures that minimise
regulatory and administrative barriers to access; develop communication mechanisms to
assist users to be heard on access needs.

Actions.

       Improve the content coverage of metadata records and useability of the existing
        Australian Spatial Data Directory (ASDD) to improve information about available
        data sources.

       Update existing ANZLIC policies, guidelines and protocols to reflect the new ASDI
        vision and priorities.

       Develop ―best practice‖ toolkits that include use of the ASDI.

       Develop user feedback mechanisms in all aspects of ASDI implementation,
        especially the ASDD.

       Encourage the development of web portals (national, State, local) eg. AusDIN
        and NR Atlases, to provide access to ASDI, data and related services.



3. Data Quality

 Goal. Users are able to easily ascertain the quality of existing spatial data and its
       fitness to meet their needs.



Background. Availability of metadata is the key to providing users with documentation
about data quality. A major priority for action, identified in the 2001 Review of the ASDD,
is to improve the data quality information in metadata records lodged with the ASDD. The
standing committee supports implementation of international (ISO) metadata standards as
a priority.

Objectives. Promote use of best practices in spatial data management, including adoption
and use of data quality documentation standards.



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Actions.

        Approve a minimum set of ASDI-endorsed data quality standards, especially ISO
         19115 and ISO 19139 needed in commercial software products.

        Promulgate the ICSM Harmonised Data Model (HDM) and published best
         practice (eg. SP1), and the quality statements contained therein.

        Promote further improvement of the quality of metadata records held by ASDD
         nodes.



4. Interoperability

 Goal. Access to and combination of spatial data sources and services is made time
       and cost efficient for users through use of world’s best practice interoperable
       technologies.



Background. The rise of online Web Services models, internet standards and
geoprocessing interoperability standards now allows digital data to be viewed and overlain
using common web browsers.

The standing committee supports implementation and use of the open systems
specifications promulgated by the OpenGIS® Consortium (OGC) and the World Wide Web
Consortium (WWWC) in the ASDI as mandated within the National Office of the
Information Economy (NOIE) Interoperability Framework initiative. The standing
committee recognises the need to move beyond the serving of ―raster‖ data to allow
downloading of vector feature data using the emerging OGC Web Feature Server (WFS)
specification.

Objectives. Assist a collaborative partnership approach between the public and private
sectors in providing interoperability; identify the costs of implementing interoperability and
how these can be shared; promote adoption of interoperability specifications and
technologies through targeted pilots, test beds and case studies which conform to world’s
best practice; promote development of reference implementations and geospatial web
services in both the public and private sectors capable of supporting and using an
interoperable environment.

Actions.

        Describe and solicit feedback to the architectural reference framework for the
         digital component of the ASDI Distribution Network through the ASDI workshop
         series 2003.

        Encourage interoperability pilots for catalog services, web feature servers and
         gazetteers using OGC specifications.




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       Publish an interim list of existing Australian and New Zealand OGC web service
        implementations.



5. Integratability

 Goal. Spatial data sources conform to common standards that enable integration
       with other data, where such integration enables efficient and effective solutions
       for users.



Background. Just as important as interoperability, is the ability to integrate data to
improve its usability. The true value of many datasets are realised when they are
integrated with companion datasets to allow spatial analysis to occur. Standards relevant
to the ASDI in general should be focused on making individual data and systems fit/work
together. Areas for integration need to be defined by user needs rather than because a
standard exists. There is a need to consider privacy issues, as they can restrict some
forms of data integration.

Objectives. Identify priorities and support development of nationally consistent and
integratable spatial data sets that meet demonstrated user needs; promote adoption of
common classification systems, spatial referencing and content standards, data models
and other common models to facilitate data development, sharing and use of these data
sets; encourage data providers to make priority data sets available through the ASDI.

Actions.

       Support and promulgate a minimum set of ―best practice‖ data standards
        (primarily based on ISO 191** series) that facilitate integratability and develop
        reference implementations to encourage broad uptake.

       Support the user-driven development of integrated national data sets by groups
        such as PSMA Australia.

       ICSM to take the lead on spatial referencing standards and monitor the uptake
        nationally of the Harmonised Data Model.



Summary and prioritisation of ASDI components

 A number of priority actions have been identified in this plan to meet the goals and
objectives set for ASDI implementation during 2003–2004. These actions are summarised
in Attachment A. The list will be modified, and if needed, extended during consultation
with stakeholders.




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Communication and consultation

The standing committee believes all these actions:

       Provide a solid base for further actions by the standing committee and other
        stakeholders;

       Provide an initial focus on interoperability issues using open systems
        specifications.

There is also a need to communicate with and obtain feedback from all ASDI
stakeholders. For this purpose, the standing committee has developed the ASDI
Communication Plan. The areas of activity contained in the plan include online resources,
publications, projects and presentations. In some cases, communication could be generic
to a wide audience, in other cases it would need to be tailored to the needs of particular
data provider or user groups.

A key activity for ASDI implementation in 2003 is to conduct an ASDI workshop series
around Australia. An aim is to solicit feedback and to get ownership of ASDI
implementation actions from stakeholders in government agencies, academic institutions,
professional associations and business enterprises.

In order to increase awareness about ASDI activities, it is important that both existing and
new spatial information initiatives have recognisable ASDI outputs. The standing
committee would encourage bodies carrying out actions under this plan to ―brand‖ the
products or services derived from these actions to acknowledge them as part of ASDI
implementation. This branding could include, with concurrence of the standing committee,
use of the ASDI logo.

The content and ideas contained within this document will need to be couched and re-
worded for various audiences eg. senior executives, managers, technical personnel, in a
bid to communicate the overall aims and the agreed tasks in a meaningful way.

Attachment B provides a list of acronyms associated with this document. A glossary of
spatial information related terms is available on the ANZLIC Web Site at
<www.anzlic.org.au/glossary_terms.html>.



Performance and reporting

Performance criteria to be applied to implementation of the ASDI under this plan are as
follows:

National

       Conformance with international best practice and alignment with regional and
        international SDI initiatives.

       Engagement of key suppliers and users in ASDI design and implementation.



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       New spatial information applications and services delivered with ASDI branding.

       Spatial data considered a fundamental asset in several national priority projects.



Juridictional

       Effective coordination arrangements in place to support SDI implementation.

       Alignment of jurisdictional SDI initiatives with the ASDI.

       Key spatial data, applications and services are interoperable, discoverable,
        accessible and useable by users.

       SDI assists stakeholders in fulfilling their operational capacity.

       Linkages established between national, jurisdictional and regional data.

A formal performance review will be undertaken by ANZLIC in late 2004 to gauge progress
against these performance criteria.

Ongoing performance will be monitored by the ANZLIC SDI Standing Committee and
reported regularly to ANZLIC Council. Overall progress with developing the ASDI will also
be reported to relevant peak national bodies with an interest in information frameworks.



Contact for more information

Any inquiries can be directed to the ANZLIC national office:

by post
GPO Box 2182
Canberra ACT 2601

or by email info@anzlic.org.au

More details about the background to the ASDI and reports on activity can be found at
<www.anzlic.org.au/infrastructure_ASDI.html>.




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Attachment A


IMPLEMENTING THE AUSTRALIAN SPATIAL DATA
INFRASTRUCTURE

Component Breakdown and Prioritisation for 2003–2004


PRIORITY       ASDI ACTION                               PRIORITY   BY WHOM         LEAD           WHEN
AREAS

ASDI             Continue to strengthen                            Jurisdictions   ANZLIC
Governance         coordination arrangements in                                     Council
                   jurisdictions to provide a whole of
                   jurisdiction response to SDI
                   implementation.

                 Develop agreements targeted at
                   relationship management and
                   consensus building for the ASDI
                   (eg. MOUs amongst military and
                   civilian SDI, jurisdictions, local
                   government, public/private
                   sectors, communities of practice
                   as needed) to include:
                     o the roles of ASDI
                          partnerships, facilitation,
                          coordination and
                          management;
                     o a focus on socio-economic
                          data;
                     o using a common ASDI
                          vocabulary/glossary.

                 Implement an ASDI                                   ANZLIC        SDI SC
                   Communications Plan to                             national
                   communicate progress and obtain                     office
                   stakeholder feedback on ASDI
                   implementation, initially through
                   the ASDI workshop series 2003,
                   including:
                     o Ascertain user views on
                         current governance and
                         institutional barriers;
                     o Obtain buy-in from
                         jurisdictions and private
                         sector;
                     o Facilitate and solicit
                         investment from potential
                         providers, value-adders and
                         users.



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PRIORITY         ASDI ACTION                                 PRIORITY   BY WHOM    LEAD           WHEN
AREAS


                   Develop a demonstration project                     ANZLIC     ANZLIC
                     on the use of spatial data for                     national   Council
                     counter-terrorism requiring multi-                  office
                     jurisdictional data access.
Access to data     Improve the content coverage of                      PSMA
                     metadata records and useability
                     of the existing Australian Spatial
                     Data Directory (ASDD) to improve
                     information about available data
                     sources. See ASDD Plan 2003
                     [discussion paper].

                   Update existing ANZLIC policies,                    ANZLIC
                     guidelines and protocols to reflect                national
                     the new ASDI vision and priorities,                 office
                     including:
                       o Further refine and distribute
                           the Model Data Access and
                           Management Agreement.

                   Develop ―best practice‖ toolkits                    ANZLIC
                     that include use of the ASDI,                      national
                     including:                                          office
                       o Develop a business rules                          &
                            checklist for access                        NLWRA
                            (decision tree for providers);
                       o Guidance for regional data
                            access, management and
                            use.

                   Develop user feedback
                     mechanisms in all aspects of
                     ASDI implementation, especially
                     the ASDD; see ASDD Plan 2003
                     [discussion paper].

                   Encourage the development of                         PSMA
                     web portals (national, State, local)
                     eg. AusDIN and NR Atlases, to
                     provide access to ASDI, data and
                     related services, including;
                       o focus on access needs of
                           user communities;
                       o jurisdictional portals such as
                           atlases;
                       o promote the Australian NR
                           Atlas.




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PRIORITY           ASDI ACTION                              PRIORITY   BY WHOM    LEAD          WHEN
AREAS

Data Quality         Approve a minimum set of ASDI-
                       endorsed data quality standards,
                       especially ISO 19115 and ISO
                       19139 needed in commercial
                       software products, including:
                         o Closely track international
                             data quality standards
                             efforts.

                     Promulgate and use the ICSM                       PSMA      ICSM
                       Harmonised Data Model and the
                       quality statements contained
                       therein and prototype data
                       product specifications (eg. marine
                       cadastre).

                     Promote further improvement of
                       the quality of metadata records
                       held by ASDD nodes. See ASDD
                       Plan 2003 [discussion paper].
Interoperability     Describe and solicit feedback to                 ANZLIC     SDI SC
                       the architectural reference                     national
                       framework for the digital                        office
                       component of the ASDI
                       Distribution Network through the
                       ASDI workshop series 2003.

                     Encourage interoperability pilots                 OSDM
                       for catalog services, web feature                ASIBA
                       servers and gazetteers using
                       OGC specifications, including:
                          o Encourage the adoption of
                              OGC specifications in
                              commercial software.

                     Encourage membership of OGC
                       Australia.
Integratability      Support and mandate a minimum
                       set of data standards (primarily
                       based on ISO 191** series) that
                       facilitate integratability and
                       develop reference
                       implementations to encourage
                       broad uptake.




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PRIORITY   ASDI ACTION                             PRIORITY   BY WHOM   LEAD        WHEN
AREAS


             Support the user-driven                          PSMA
               development of integrated                       OSDM
               national data sets by groups such
               as PSMA Australia including:
                 o expand ASDI Scoreboard;
                 o encourage vendors to
                     ―value add‖ and extend the
                     national dataset series.

             ICSM to take the lead on spatial                          ICSM
               referencing standards and the
               uptake nationally of the
               Harmonised Data Model.




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                                                                       Attachment B

List of acronyms used in this document


ANZLIC      The Spatial Information Council
ASDD        Australian Spatial Data Directory
ASDI        Australian Spatial Data Infrastructure
ASIBA       Australian Spatial Information Business Association
ASIERA      Australian Spatial Information Education & Research Association
AusDIN      Australian Disaster Information Network
CRC-SI      Cooperative Research Centre for Spatial Information
ICSM        Intergovernmental Committee on Surveying & Mapping
ISO         International Organization of Standardization
ISO 19115   ISO Spatial metadata standard
ISO 19139   ISO Work item on Metadata – Implementation specification
MOU         Memorandum of Understanding
NLWRA       National Land and Water Resources Audit
NOIE        National Office of the Information Economy
NR          Natural Resources
OGC         OpenGIS Consortium
OGC-A       OGC Australasia (the Australia/New Zealand subsidiary of OGC)
OSDM        Commonwealth Office of Spatial Data Management
PSMA        PSMA Australia Limited (previously Public Sector Mapping Agencies)
SC          Standing Committee
SDI         Spatial Data Infrastructure
SP1         Standards and Practices for Control Surveys – ICSM Special Publication 1
SSI         Spatial Sciences Institute
WFS         Web Feature Server (OGC specification)
WWWC        World Wide Web Consortium




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