Business for Sale in Nicaragua by zqx15399

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									Emploi dans le secteur informel




                                                                 Type of Survey




                                                                                                                                                                                                     Paid domestic
                                                                                              Geographical




                                                                                                                                                                                                                     consomption
                                                                                                                                                                                                     employees
                                                                                              Limitation
                                                     Ratio F/H




                                                                                                             coverage
                                   Hommes




                                                                                                                           definition
                                            Femmes




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   concept
                                                                                                             industry




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Status
                           Total




                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Own
                                                                                      Age
Région / pays

Afrique
                                                                                              Urban and
Benin [2002]               94.5     92.1     97.1       1.05 HS                               Rural          All           Informal sector: Business activities which are not registered.                                          All groups     Informal sector (national definition)

Central African Republic                                         Population census            Urban and      Agriculture                                                                                                           Employees
[2003]                     18.5     19.0     16.0       0.84 2003                             Rural          excluded                                                                                                              only.          Related other concepts

                                                                                      No age Urban and       Agriculture                                                                                                           Employees
Egypt [2003]               44.4     41.9     58.7       1.40 Establishement survey limit     Rural           excluded    All enterprises in the private sector.                                                                    only.          Related other concepts

                                                                                                                         Informal Sector: Unincorporated enterprises, with no book of accounts,
                                                             Bi-Annual                                                   mainly engaged in market production, with less than 10 persons
                                                             emeployment-                                    Agriculture engaged and not registered as companies or cooperatives; also
Ethiopia [2004]            38.1     32.5     45.6       1.40 unemployment survey 10+          Urban areas    excluded    included enterprises/activities which have no license.                                                    All groups     Informal sector (national definition)
                                                                                                                         Informal sector: Private unincorporated enterprises without complete
                                                                 Mixed household &                                       accounts, with less than 11 persons engaged in the enterprise, and
                                                                 enterprise survey,                          Agriculture without registration with the National Social Providence Institute (INPS)
Mali [2004]                41.3     30.8     56.1       1.82 modular design           6+                     excluded    or Pension Fund.                                                                                          All groups     Informal sector (national definition)



                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Self-employed
                                                                 Household sample             Urban and      Agriculture                                                                                                           and contribting
Mauritius [2004]             6.9      7.5      5.7      0.76 survey                   15+     Rural          excluded    Self-employed and contribting family workers.                                                             family workers. Related other concepts
                                                                                                                           Informal sector: Business activities which are not registered.
                                                                                                                           Registration refers to registration under :
                                                                                                                           - tax (VAT) requirements                                                                      X
                                                             Mixed household &                Urban and                    - professional groups'regulatory acts or similar acts.
South Africa [2004]        18.1     18.6     17.5       0.94 enterprise survey        15-65   Rural          All           Domestic workers excluded.                                                                              All groups     Informal sector (national definition)
                                                                                              Urban and      Excluding     Informal sector: persons engaged in small-scale non-crop farming                                                       Small or micro-enterprises (national
Uganda [2003]              26.5     30.6     22.2       0.73 HS                               Rural          agriculture   household enterprises.                                                                                  All groups     definition)


Latin America
                                                                                                                           Informal Sector Employment: All own-account workers (excluding
                                                                                                                           administratives, professionals and technicians) and unpaid family
                                                             ILO estimates based                                           workers, and employers and employees working in establishments with
                                                             on household data &                                           less than 6 persons engaged *                                                                                          Small or micro-enterprises
Argentina [2003]           39.2     47.0     28.9       0.61 other official sources           Urban areas    All           [Same definition for ILO estimates]                                                                     All groups     (harmonised definition R.O. Lima)

                                                             ILO estimates based
                                                             on household data &                                                                                                                                                                  Small or micro-enterprises
Bolivia [2002]             62.4     58.0     67.4       1.16 other official sources           Urban areas    All           Same as above *                                                                                         All groups     (harmonised definition R.O. Lima)

                                                             ILO estimates based
                                                             on household data &                                                                                                                                                                  Small or micro-enterprises
Brazil [2002]              35.3     39.6     29.7       0.75 other official sources           Urban areas    All           Same as above *                                                                                         All groups     (harmonised definition R.O. Lima)




                                                                                                                                          1
                                                           Type of Survey




                                                                                                                                                                                             Paid domestic
                                                                                       Geographical




                                                                                                                                                                                                             consomption
                                                                                                                                                                                             employees
                                                                                       Limitation
                                               Ratio F/H




                                                                                                      coverage
                             Hommes




                                                                                                                   definition
                                      Femmes




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        concept
                                                                                                      industry




                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Status
                     Total




                                                                                                                                                                                                             Own
                                                                                 Age
Région / pays

Afrique                                                    ILO estimates based
                                                           on household data &                                                                                                                                                          Small or micro-enterprises
Chile [2003]         32.0     34.0     29.1       0.86 other official sources          Urban areas    All         Same as above *                                                                                          All groups   (harmonised definition R.O. Lima)

                                                                                                                  Own-account workers except professionals (e.g. doctors, lawyers,
                                                                                                                  dentists, engineers) ; paid domestic workers ; unpaid family workers ;         X               X
                                                       Household sample                                           and employers and employees working in enterprises with 10 persons                                                    Small or micro-enterprises (national
Colombia [2004]      57.5     55.1     58.8       1.07 survey                    12+   Urban areas    All         or less engaged. Government employees are excluded                                                       All groups   definition)

                                                           ILO estimates based
                                                           on household data &         Urban and                                                                                                                                        Small or micro-enterprises
Costa Rica [2003]    38.1     38.6     37.2       0.96 other official sources          Rural          All         Same as above *                                                                                          All groups   (harmonised definition R.O. Lima)

                                                           ILO estimates based
Dominican Republic                                         on household data &         Urban and                                                                                                                                        Small or micro-enterprises
[2003]               43.5     48.6     38.6       0.79 other official sources          Rural          All         Same as above *                                                                                          All groups   (harmonised definition R.O. Lima)

                                                       ILO estimates based
                                                       on household data &                                                                                                                                                              Small or micro-enterprises
Ecuador [2003]       51.3     52.0     50.9       0.98 other official sources          Urban areas    All         Same as above *                                                                                          All groups   (harmonised definition R.O. Lima)

                                                       ILO estimates based
                                                       on household data &             Urban and                                                                                                                                        Small or micro-enterprises
El Salvador [2003]   48.6     42.9     54.5       1.27 other official sources          Rural          All         Same as above *                                                                                          All groups   (harmonised definition R.O. Lima)

                                                       ILO estimates based
                                                       on household data &             Urban and                                                                                                                                        Small or micro-enterprises
Honduras [2003]      54.6     51.5     57.8       1.12 other official sources          Rural          All         Same as above *                                                                                          All groups   (harmonised definition R.O. Lima)

                                                                                                                  Private unincorporated enterprises not constituted as separate legal
                                                       Encuesta Nacional de            Urban and      Agriculture entities, and no complete set of account available. At least some of the
Mexico [2005]        28.0     27.8     28.4       1.02 Empleo                          Rural          excluded    goods or services produced are meant for sale or barter.                                                 All groups   Informal sector (national definition)

                                                       ILO estimates based
                                                       on household data &                                                                                                                                                              Small or micro-enterprises
Mexico [2003]        37.4     40.5     32.0       0.79 other official sources          Urban areas    All         Same as above *                                                                                          All groups   (harmonised definition R.O. Lima)

                                                       ILO estimates based
                                                       on household data &                                                                                                                                                              Small or micro-enterprises
Nicaragua [2003]     58.0     54.7     61.3       1.12 other official sources          Urban areas    All         Same as above *                                                                                          All groups   (harmonised definition R.O. Lima)

                                                                                       Urban and      Agriculture                                                                                                                       Small or micro-enterprises (national
Panama [2004]        26.4     25.6     27.8       1.09 Encuesta de Hogares 15+         Rural          excluded    Household unincorporated enterprises with less than 5 employees                                          All groups   definition)

                                                       ILO estimates based
                                                       on household data &                                                                                                                                                              Small or micro-enterprises
Paraguay [2003]      49.9     54.4     44.5       0.82 other official sources          Urban areas    All         Same as above *                                                                                          All groups   (harmonised definition R.O. Lima)




                                                                                                                                  2
                                                                     Type of Survey




                                                                                                                                                                                                            Paid domestic
                                                                                                    Geographical




                                                                                                                                                                                                                            consomption
                                                                                                                                                                                                            employees
                                                                                                    Limitation
                                                         Ratio F/H




                                                                                                                   coverage
                               Hommes




                                                                                                                                 definition
                                            Femmes




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       concept
                                                                                                                   industry




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Status
                       Total




                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Own
                                                                                            Age
Région / pays

Afrique                                                              Household National                                       Persons working in private enterprises with 4 persons or less engaged in
                                                                     Questionnaire on               Lima          Agriculture all branches of economic activity other than manufacturing, and with 9                                                   Small or micro-enterprises (national
Peru [2004]            55.9     56.4         55.1           0.98 Condition of Life          14+     Metropolitana excluded    persons or less engaged in manufacturing.                                                                   All groups   definition)

                                                                                                                                 Informal Sector Employment: All own-account workers (excluding
                                                                 ILO estimates based                                             administratives, professionals and technicians), unpaid family workers,
                                                                 on household data &                                             and employers and employees working in establishments with less than                                                  Small or micro-enterprises
Uruguay [2002]         39.2     37.5         41.4           1.10 other official sources             Urban areas    All           6 persons engaged. Paid domestic workers are excluded.                                                   All groups   (harmonised definition R.O. Lima)

                                                                     ILO estimates based
                                                                     on household data &            Urban and                                                                                                                                          Small or micro-enterprises
Venezuela [2003]       50.7     51.5         49.6           0.96 other official sources             Rural          All           Same as above *                                                                                          All groups   (harmonised definition R.O. Lima)


Asia

                                                                                                    Urban areas
                                                                                                    of Punjab and             Informal sector employment: Persons working in unincorporated
                                                                                                    North West                enterprises (excluding quasi-corporations) owned by own-account
                                                                                                    Frontier      Agriculture workers irrespective of the size of the enterprise, or by employers with
Pakistan [2004]        39.8     43.6         21.5           0.49 Labour Force Survey                Provinces.    excluded    less than 10 persons engaged.                                                                               All groups   Informal sector (national definition)

Syrian Arab Republic                                                                                Urban and      Agriculture                                                                                                            Employees
[2003]                 16.1     18.6           3.9          0.21 Labour Force Survey        15+     Rural          excluded                                                                                                               only.        Related other concepts
                                                                                                                               Informal sector: All non-agricultural economic units which are
                                                                                                                               unincorporated (establishments whose legal position is individual
                                                                                                    Urban and      Agriculture ownership or simple partenership), pay lump sum tax or no tax at all and
Turkey [2004]          22.9     25.8           6.5          0.25 Labour Force Survey        15+     Rural          excluded    work with less than 10 persons engaged.                                                                    All groups   Informal sector (national definition)
                                                                                                                                 Persons working in establishments with less than 10 persons engaged,
                                                                     Household sample               Urban and                    excluding employees of government enterprises and governmental                 X                                      Small or micro-enterprises (national
Thailand [2002]        72.1             -            -               survey                 13+     Rural          All           organizations.                                                                                           All groups   definition)


Eastern Europe and CIS

                                                                                                                               Informal sector employment: Enterprises that do not use permanently
                                                                 Module of employment                                          hired labour; entreprises of informal employers and with no legal status.
                                                                 in the integrated                  Urban and      Agriculture Self-employed persons who have neither registered themselves with the
Kyrgyzstan [2003]      24.2     25.7         22.4           0.87 survey of households 15+           Rural          excluded    tax authorities nor the persons working for them.                                                          All groups   Informal sector (national definition)

Moldova Republic of                                                                                 Urban and      Agriculture
[2004]                   4.5      6.3          2.8          0.44                                    Rural          excluded                                                                                                               All groups   Informal sector (national definition)

Russian Federation                                                   Population survey on           Urban and      Agriculture Informal sector: Enterprises that are niether registered as a legal entity
[2004]                 10.7     10.9         10.4           0.95 employment problems 15-72          Rural          excluded    nor have a legal status.                                                                                   All groups   Informal sector (national definition)
                                                                                                                               Informal sector: All production units being part of the households sector;
                                                                                                                               unincorporated enterprises which produce goods and services for sale
                                                                                                                                                                                                                X
Russian Federation                                                   Household sample                              Agriculture to the market, which are niether registered as a legal entity nor have a
[2003]                 28.6             -            -               survey                 15-72   Rural          excluded    legal status.                                                                                              All groups   Informal sector (national definition)




                                                                                                                                                3
                                                                      Type of Survey




                                                                                                                                                                                                      Paid domestic
                                                                                                 Geographical




                                                                                                                                                                                                                      consomption
                                                                                                                                                                                                      employees
                                                                                                 Limitation
                                                          Ratio F/H




                                                                                                                coverage
                                Hommes




                                                                                                                             definition
                                             Femmes




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 concept
                                                                                                                industry




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Status
                        Total




                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Own
                                                                                         Age
Région / pays

Afrique
Russian Federation                                                    Household sample                          Agriculture                                                                               X
[2003]                  12.2             -            -               survey             15-72   Urban          excluded    Same as above                                                                                           All groups   Informal sector (national definition)

Russian Federation                                                    Household sample           Urban and      Agriculture                                                                               X
[2003]                  16.1     16.4         15.8           0.96 survey                 15-72   Rural          excluded    Same as above                                                                                           All groups   Informal sector (national definition)

                                                                                                                Agriculture Informal sector employment: Enterprises engaged in market-oriented            X
Ukraine [2004]            3.2      3.3          3.0          0.91 Labour Force Survey    15-70   Urban          excluded    activities, with limited number of employees and no legal registration.                                 All groups   Informal sector (national definition)
                                                                                                                             Informal sector employment: Employees hired on the basis of a
                                                                                                                             gentlemen's agreement and employed by individuals or private
                                                                                                                             unincorporated enterprises with less than 6 persons engaged;                 X
                                                                                                 Urban and                   employers and own-account workers (self-employed persons) operating
Ukraine [2002]          13.9     13.2         14.6           1.11 Labour Force Survey    15-70   Rural          All          un                                                                                                     All groups   Informal sector (national definition)

Oceania
                                                                                                 Urban and
Fiji [2005]             31.2             -            -               HS                         Rural          All          Informal sector: Business activities which are not registered.                                         All groups   Informal sector (national definition)
Source: ILO STAT informal sector employment database




                                                                                                                                            4
                               Share in total employment | including agriculture




                                           20.0
                                                  30.0
                                                         40.0
                                                                50.0
                                                                       60.0
                                                                                 70.0
                                                                                                80.0
                                                                                                       90.0




                                    10.0

                              0.0
                                                                                                              100.0
             Benin [2002]

          Tanzania [2006]

       India** [2004/2005]

            Zambia [2005]

          Thailand [2002]

            Bolivia [2002]

        Nicaragua [2003]

         Colombia [2004]

         Honduras [2003]

          Ecuador [2003]

        Venezuela [2003]

         Paraguay [2003]

       El Salvador [2003]

Dominican Republic [2003]

         Argentina [2003]

          Uruguay [2002]

        Costa Rica [2003]

           Mexico [2003]

             Brazil [2002]

             Chile [2003]

                Fiji [2005]
                                                                                                                      Employment in the informal sector in percentage of total employment (including agriculture)




                                                                                 Men
                                                                                        Total




       South Africa [2004]
                                                                         Women




           Ukraine [2002]
                              Share in total employment | including agriculture




                                  0.00
                                                                                                                            100.00




                                         10.00
                                                 20.00
                                                         30.00
                                                                 40.00
                                                                         50.00
                                                                                 60.00
                                                                                           70.00
                                                                                                         80.00
                                                                                                                    90.00
                Tanznia [2006]


                Zambia [2005]


                   Peru [2004]


                  Egypt [2003]


                   Mali [2004]


               Pakistan [2004]


               Ethiopia [2004]


    Russian Federation [2003]


                Mexico [2005]


               Panama [2004]


            Kyrgyzstan [2003]


                Turkey [2004]


Central African Republic [2003]


    Russian Federation [2003]


   Syrian Arab Republic [2003]


    Russian Federation [2003]


    Russian Federation [2004]
                                                                                                                                     Employment in the informal sector in percentage of total non-agricultural employment




              Mauritius [2004]
                                                                                                   Men
                                                                                                            Total


                                                                                         Women




   Moldova Republic of [2004]


                Ukraine [2004]
Emploi dans le secteur informel




                                                             Type of Survey




                                                                                            Geographical
                                                                                            Limitation
                                                 Ratio F/H




                                                                                                           coverage
                                                                                                           industry
                                         Women
                           Total

                                   Men




                                                                                    Age
                                                                                            Urban and      Agriculture excluded
Tanznia [2006]             77.10 70.70 85.20 1.21 ILFS                                      Rural          for calculations

                                                                                            Urban and      Agriculture excluded
Zambia [2005]              66.00 60.70 74.40 1.23 LFS                                       Rural          for calculations

                                                         Household National
                                                         Questionnaire on                   Lima
Peru [2004]                55.88 56.40 55.10        0.98 Condition of Life          14+     Metropolitana Agriculture excluded

                                                                                    No age Urban and
Egypt [2003]               44.40 41.90 58.70 1.40 Establishement survey limit              Rural           Agriculture excluded

                                                         Mixed household &
                                                         enterprise survey,
Mali [2004]                41.31 30.80 56.10        1.82 modular design             6+                     Agriculture excluded


                                                                                            Urban areas
                                                                                            of Punjab
                                                                                            and North
                                                                                            West Frontier
Pakistan [2004]            39.84 43.60 21.50 0.49 Labour Force Survey                       Provinces.    Agriculture excluded



                                                         Bi-Annual
                                                         emeployment-
Ethiopia [2004]            38.14 32.50 45.60        1.40 unemployment survey 10+            Urban areas    Agriculture excluded



Russian Federation                                           Household sample
[2003]                     28.60                             survey                 15-72   Rural          Agriculture excluded



                                                             Encuesta Nacional de           Urban and
Mexico [2005]              28.02 27.80 28.40 1.02 Empleo                                    Rural          Agriculture excluded
                                                                                            Urban and
Panama [2004]              26.39 25.60 27.80 1.09 Encuesta de Hogares 15+                   Rural          Agriculture excluded



                                                         Module of employment
                                                         in the integrated                  Urban and
Kyrgyzstan [2003]          24.23 25.70 22.40        0.87 survey of households 15+           Rural          Agriculture excluded



                                                                                            Urban and
Turkey [2004]              22.92 25.80 6.50         0.25 Labour Force Survey        15+     Rural          Agriculture excluded
Central African Republic                                 Population census                  Urban and
[2003]                     18.50 19.00 16.00        0.84 2003                               Rural          Agriculture excluded
Russian Federation                                       Household sample                   Urban and
[2003]                     16.10 16.40 15.80        0.96 survey                     15-72   Rural          Agriculture excluded
Syrian Arab Republic                                                                        Urban and
[2003]                     16.06 18.60 3.90         0.21 Labour Force Survey        15+     Rural          Agriculture excluded
Russian Federation                                           Household sample
[2003]                     12.20                             survey                 15-72   Urban          Agriculture excluded
Russian Federation                                       Population survey on           Urban and
[2004]                10.66 10.90 10.40 0.95 employment problems 15-72                  Rural          Agriculture excluded




                                                         Household sample               Urban and
Mauritius [2004]      6.90    7.50    5.70      0.76 survey                     15+     Rural          Agriculture excluded
Moldova Republic of                                                                     Urban and
[2004]                4.47    6.30    2.80      0.44                                    Rural          Agriculture excluded


Ukraine [2004]        3.15    3.30    3.00      0.91 Labour Force Survey        15-70   Urban          Agriculture excluded




                                                         Type of Survey




                                                                                        Geographical
                                                                                        Limitation
                                             Ratio F/H




                                                                                                       coverage
                                                                                                       industry
                                     Women
                      Total

                              Men




                                                                                Age
Région / pays
                                                                                        Urban and
Benin [2002]          94.5    92.1    97.1      1.05 HS                                 Rural          All
                                                                                        Urban and
Tanzania [2006]       94.1    92.0    96.0      1.04 ILFS                               Rural          All
                                                                                        Urban and
India** [2004/2005]   92.6    90.9    95.9      1.06                                    Rural          All
                                                                                        Urban and
Zambia [2005]         89.8    85.7    94.2      1.10 LFS                                Rural          All

                                                         Household sample               Urban and
Thailand [2002]       72.1                               survey                 13+     Rural          All

                                                     ILO estimates based
                                                     on household data &
Bolivia [2002]        62.4    58.0    67.4      1.16 other official sources             Urban areas    All

                                                     ILO estimates based
                                                     on household data &
Nicaragua [2003]      58.0    54.7    61.3      1.12 other official sources             Urban areas    All




                                                         Household sample
Colombia [2004]       57.5    55.1    58.8      1.07 survey                     12+     Urban areas    All

                                                     ILO estimates based
                                                     on household data &                Urban and
Honduras [2003]       54.6    51.5    57.8      1.12 other official sources             Rural          All

                                                     ILO estimates based
                                                     on household data &
Ecuador [2003]        51.3    52.0    50.9      0.98 other official sources             Urban areas    All

                                                     ILO estimates based
                                                     on household data &                Urban and
Venezuela [2003]      50.7    51.5    49.6      0.96 other official sources             Rural          All

                                                     ILO estimates based
                                                     on household data &
Paraguay [2003]       49.9    54.4    44.5      0.82 other official sources             Urban areas    All

                                                     ILO estimates based
                                                     on household data &                Urban and
El Salvador [2003]    48.6    42.9    54.5      1.27 other official sources             Rural          All
                                                  ILO estimates based
Dominican Republic                                on household data &              Urban and
[2003]                  43.5   48.6   38.6   0.79 other official sources           Rural         All



                                                  ILO estimates based
                                                  on household data &
Argentina [2003]        39.2   47.0   28.9   0.61 other official sources           Urban areas   All



                                                  ILO estimates based
                                                  on household data &
Uruguay [2002]          39.2   37.5   41.4   1.10 other official sources           Urban areas   All

                                                  ILO estimates based
                                                  on household data &              Urban and
Costa Rica [2003]       38.1   38.6   37.2   0.96 other official sources           Rural         All

                                                  ILO estimates based
                                                  on household data &
Mexico [2003]           37.4   40.5   32.0   0.79 other official sources           Urban areas   All

                                                  ILO estimates based
                                                  on household data &
Brazil [2002]           35.3   39.6   29.7   0.75 other official sources           Urban areas   All

                                                  ILO estimates based
                                                  on household data &
Chile [2003]            32.0   34.0   29.1   0.86 other official sources           Urban areas   All
                                                                                   Urban and
Fiji [2005]             31.2                       HS                              Rural         All




                                                   Mixed household &               Urban and
South Africa [2004]     18.1   18.6   17.5   0.94 enterprise survey        15-65   Rural         All




                                                                                   Urban and
Ukraine [2002]          13.9   13.2   14.6   1.11 Labour Force Survey      15-70   Rural         All
                                                                                   Urban and
Uganda [2003]           26.5   30.6   22.2   0.73 HS                               Rural         Excluding agriculture
Source: ILO STAT informal sector employment database
                                                                                        Geographical Limitation




                                                                                                                  industry coverage
                                                           Type of Survey
                                               Ratio F/H
                                       Women
                        Total

                                Men




                                                                                Age
Région / pays
                                                                                        Urban and
Benin [2002]            94.5    92.1    97.1      1.05 HS                               Rural                     All
                                                                                        Urban and
Tanzania [2006]         94.1    92.0    96.0      1.04 ILFS                             Rural                     All
                                                                                        Urban and
India** [2004/2005]     92.6    90.9    95.9      1.06                                  Rural                     All
                                                                                        Urban and
Zambia [2005]           89.8    85.7    94.2      1.10 LFS                              Rural                     All

                                                           Household sample             Urban and
Thailand [2002]         72.1                               survey               13+     Rural                     All

                                                       ILO estimates based
                                                       on household data &
Bolivia* [2002]         62.4    58.0    67.4      1.16 other official sources           Urban areas               All

                                                       ILO estimates based
                                                       on household data &              Urban and
Costa Rica [2003]       38.1    38.6    37.2      0.96 other official sources           Rural                     All

                                                       ILO estimates based
                                                       on household data &
Brazil* [2002]          35.3    39.6    29.7      0.75 other official sources           Urban areas               All

                                                       ILO estimates based
                                                       on household data &
Chile* [2003]           32.0    34.0    29.1      0.86 other official sources           Urban areas               All




                                                           Mixed household &            Urban and
South Africa [2004]     18.1    18.6    17.5      0.94 enterprise survey        15-65   Rural                     All




                                                                                        Urban and
Ukraine [2002]          13.9    13.2    14.6      1.11 Labour Force Survey      15-70   Rural                     All


Source: ILO STAT informal sector employment database
                                                                             Paid domestic



                                                                                             consomption
                                                                             employees
definition




                                                                                                           Status
                                                                                             Own
Persons working in private enterprises with 4 persons or less engaged
in all branches of economic activity other than manufacturing, and with
9 persons or less engaged in manufacturing.                                                                All groups

                                                                                                           Employees
All enterprises in the private sector.                                                                     only.
Informal sector: Private unincorporated enterprises without complete
accounts, with less than 11 persons engaged in the enterprise, and
without registration with the National Social Providence Institute (INPS)
or Pension Fund.                                                                                           All groups



Informal sector employment: Persons working in unincorporated
enterprises (excluding quasi-corporations) owned by own-account
workers irrespective of the size of the enterprise, or by employers with
less than 10 persons engaged.                                                                              All groups

Informal Sector: Unincorporated enterprises, with no book of accounts,
mainly engaged in market production, with less than 10 persons
engaged and not registered as companies or cooperatives; also
included enterprises/activities which have no license.                                                     All groups
Informal sector: All production units being part of the households sector;
unincorporated enterprises which produce goods and services for sale
                                                                                 X
to the market, which are niether registered as a legal entity nor have a
legal status.                                                                                              All groups

Private unincorporated enterprises not constituted as separate legal
entities, and no complete set of account available. At least some of the
goods or services produced are meant for sale or barter.                                                   All groups

Household unincorporated enterprises with less than 5 employees                                            All groups

Informal sector employment: Enterprises that do not use permanently
hired labour; entreprises of informal employers and with no legal status.
Self-employed persons who have neither registered themselves with the
tax authorities nor the persons working for them.                                                          All groups
Informal sector: All non-agricultural economic units which are
unincorporated (establishments whose legal position is individual
ownership or simple partenership), pay lump sum tax or no tax at all and
work with less than 10 persons engaged.                                                                    All groups
                                                                                                           Employees
                                                                                                           only.

                                                                                 X
Same as above                                                                                              All groups
                                                                                                           Employees
                                                                                                           only.

                                                                                 X
Same as above                                                                                              All groups
Informal sector: Enterprises that are niether registered as a legal entity
nor have a legal status.                                                                                   All groups



                                                                                                           Self-employed
                                                                                                           and contribting
Self-employed and contribting family workers.                                                              family workers.

                                                                                                           All groups

Informal sector employment: Enterprises engaged in market-oriented               X
activities, with limited number of employees and no legal registration.                                    All groups




                                                                             Paid domestic



                                                                                             consomption
                                                                             employees
definition




                                                                                                           Status
                                                                                             Own
Informal sector: Business activities which are not registered.                                             All groups



Kannan, National Commission for Enterprises in the Unorganised
Sector



Persons working in establishments with less than 10 persons engaged,
excluding employees of government enterprises and governmental                   X
organizations.                                                                                             All groups




Same as above *                                                                                            All groups




Same as above *                                                                                            All groups

Own-account workers except professionals (e.g. doctors, lawyers,
dentists, engineers) ; paid domestic workers ; unpaid family workers ;           X               X
and employers and employees working in enterprises with 10 persons
or less engaged. Government employees are excluded                                                         All groups




Same as above *                                                                                            All groups




Same as above *                                                                                            All groups




Same as above *                                                                                            All groups




Same as above *                                                                                            All groups




Same as above *                                                                                            All groups
Same as above *                                                                   All groups
Informal Sector Employment: All own-account workers (excluding
administratives, professionals and technicians) and unpaid family
workers, and employers and employees working in establishments with
less than 6 persons engaged *
[Same definition for ILO estimates]                                               All groups

Informal Sector Employment: All own-account workers (excluding
administratives, professionals and technicians), unpaid family workers,
and employers and employees working in establishments with less than
6 persons engaged. Paid domestic workers are excluded.                            All groups




Same as above *                                                                   All groups




Same as above *                                                                   All groups




Same as above *                                                                   All groups




Same as above *                                                                   All groups

Informal sector: Business activities which are not registered.                    All groups
Informal sector: Business activities which are not registered.
Registration refers to registration under :
- tax (VAT) requirements                                                      X
- professional groups'regulatory acts or similar acts.
Domestic workers excluded.                                                        All groups
Informal sector employment: Employees hired on the basis of a
gentlemen's agreement and employed by individuals or private
unincorporated enterprises with less than 6 persons engaged;              X
employers and own-account workers (self-employed persons) operating
un                                                                                All groups
Informal sector: persons engaged in small-scale non-crop farming
household enterprises.                                                            All groups
                                                                       Paid domestic employees

                                                                                                 Own consomption
definition




                                                                                                                   Status
Informal sector: Business activities which are not registered.                                                     All groups



Kannan, National Commission for Enterprises in the Unorganised
Sector



Persons working in establishments with less than 10 persons engaged,
excluding employees of government enterprises and governmental                            X
organizations.                                                                                                     All groups




Same as above *                                                                                                    All groups




Same as above *                                                                                                    All groups




Same as above *                                                                                                    All groups




Same as above *                                                                                                    All groups
Informal sector: Business activities which are not registered.
Registration refers to registration under :
- tax (VAT) requirements                                                                                     X
- professional groups'regulatory acts or similar acts.
Domestic workers excluded.                                                                                         All groups
Informal sector employment: Employees hired on the basis of a
gentlemen's agreement and employed by individuals or private
unincorporated enterprises with less than 6 persons engaged;                              X
employers and own-account workers (self-employed persons) operating
un                                                                                                                 All groups
concept




Small or micro-enterprises (national
definition)



Related other concepts




Informal sector (national definition)




Informal sector (national definition)




Informal sector (national definition)




Informal sector (national definition)




Informal sector (national definition)
Small or micro-enterprises (national
definition)




Informal sector (national definition)




Informal sector (national definition)

Related other concepts

Informal sector (national definition)

Related other concepts

Informal sector (national definition)
Informal sector (national definition)




Related other concepts

Informal sector (national definition)


Informal sector (national definition)
concept




Informal sector (national definition)




Small or micro-enterprises (national
definition)



Small or micro-enterprises
(harmonised definition R.O. Lima)



Small or micro-enterprises
(harmonised definition R.O. Lima)




Small or micro-enterprises (national
definition)



Small or micro-enterprises
(harmonised definition R.O. Lima)



Small or micro-enterprises
(harmonised definition R.O. Lima)



Small or micro-enterprises
(harmonised definition R.O. Lima)



Small or micro-enterprises
(harmonised definition R.O. Lima)



Small or micro-enterprises
(harmonised definition R.O. Lima)
Small or micro-enterprises
(harmonised definition R.O. Lima)




Small or micro-enterprises
(harmonised definition R.O. Lima)




Small or micro-enterprises
(harmonised definition R.O. Lima)



Small or micro-enterprises
(harmonised definition R.O. Lima)



Small or micro-enterprises
(harmonised definition R.O. Lima)



Small or micro-enterprises
(harmonised definition R.O. Lima)



Small or micro-enterprises
(harmonised definition R.O. Lima)

Informal sector (national definition)




Informal sector (national definition)




Informal sector (national definition)
Small or micro-enterprises (national
definition)
concept




Informal sector (national definition)




Small or micro-enterprises (national
definition)



Small or micro-enterprises
(harmonised definition R.O. Lima)



Small or micro-enterprises
(harmonised definition R.O. Lima)



Small or micro-enterprises
(harmonised definition R.O. Lima)



Small or micro-enterprises
(harmonised definition R.O. Lima)




Informal sector (national definition)




Informal sector (national definition)
                            Share in total employment | including agriculture




                            10.0
                                   20.0
                                          30.0
                                                 40.0
                                                        50.0
                                                               60.0
                                                                              70.0
                                                                                             80.0
                                                                                                    90.0




                      0.0
      Benin [2002]                                                                                         100.0




   Tanzania [2006]




     Zambia [2005]




   Thailand [2002]




    Bolivia* [2002]




  Honduras [2003]




El Salvador [2003]




 Costa Rica [2003]




     Brazil* [2002]




      Chile* [2003]
                                                                                                                   Employment in the informal sector in percentage of total employment (including agriculture)




South Africa [2004]
                                                                              Men
                                                                                     Total


                                                                      Women




    Ukraine [2002]
                                                                                    Type of Survey
                                                                 Ratio F/H
                                                  Women
                      Total




                                     Men




                                                                                                                       Age
Région / pays

Benin [2002]                  94.5         92.1           97.1               1.05   HS

Tanzania [2006]               94.1         92.0           96.0               1.04   ILFS

Zambia [2005]                 89.8         85.7           94.2               1.10   LFS



Thailand [2002]               72.1                                                  Household sample survey            13+

                                                                                    ILO estimates based on household
Bolivia* [2002]               62.4         58.0           67.4               1.16   data & other official sources

                                                                                    ILO estimates based on household
Honduras [2003]               54.6         51.5           57.8               1.12   data & other official sources

                                                                                    ILO estimates based on household
El Salvador [2003]            48.6         42.9           54.5               1.27   data & other official sources

                                                                                    ILO estimates based on household
Costa Rica [2003]             38.1         38.6           37.2               0.96   data & other official sources

                                                                                    ILO estimates based on household
Brazil* [2002]                35.3         39.6           29.7               0.75   data & other official sources

                                                                                    ILO estimates based on household
Chile* [2003]                 32.0         34.0           29.1               0.86   data & other official sources




                                                                                    Mixed household & enterprise
South Africa [2004]           18.1         18.6           17.5               0.94   survey                             15-65




Ukraine [2002]                13.9         13.2           14.6               1.11   Labour Force Survey                15-70

Source: ILO STAT informal sector employment database
                                                                                           Paid domestic
Geographical




                                                                                                           consomption
                                                                                           employees
Limitation




               coverage



                          definition
               industry




                                                                                                                         Status
                                                                                                           Own
Urban and
Rural          All        Informal sector: Business activities which are not registered.                                 All groups
Urban and
Rural          All
Urban and
Rural          All
                          Persons working in establishments with less than 10 persons
Urban and                 engaged, excluding employees of government enterprises and                   X
Rural          All        governmental organizations.                                                                    All groups



Urban areas All           Same as above *                                                                                All groups

Urban and
Rural          All        Same as above *                                                                                All groups

Urban and
Rural          All        Same as above *                                                                                All groups

Urban and
Rural          All        Same as above *                                                                                All groups



Urban areas All           Same as above *                                                                                All groups



Urban areas All           Same as above *                                                                                All groups


                          Informal sector: Business activities which are not registered.
                          Registration refers to registration under :
                                                                                                                     X
                          - tax (VAT) requirements
Urban and                 - professional groups'regulatory acts or similar acts.
Rural          All        Domestic workers excluded.                                                                     All groups
                          Informal sector employment: Employees hired on the basis of a
                          gentlemen's agreement and employed by individuals or private
                          unincorporated enterprises with less than 6 persons engaged;                 X
Urban and                 employers and own-account workers (self-employed persons)
Rural          All        operating un                                                                                   All groups
concept




Informal sector (national
definition)




Small or micro-enterprises
(national definition)
Small or micro-enterprises
(harmonised definition R.O.
Lima)
Small or micro-enterprises
(harmonised definition R.O.
Lima)
Small or micro-enterprises
(harmonised definition R.O.
Lima)
Small or micro-enterprises
(harmonised definition R.O.
Lima)
Small or micro-enterprises
(harmonised definition R.O.
Lima)
Small or micro-enterprises
(harmonised definition R.O.
Lima)




Informal sector (national
definition)




Informal sector (national
definition)

								
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