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The Last Waltz

The Last Waltz
The Last Waltz

Thanksgiving Day, November 25, 1976, at Winterland Ballroom in San Francisco. The Last Waltz was advertised as the end of The Band’s illustrious touring career,[1] and the concert saw The Band joined by more than a dozen special guests, including Paul Butterfield, Eric Clapton, Neil Diamond, Bob Dylan, Ronnie Hawkins, Dr. John, Joni Mitchell, Van Morrison, Ringo Starr, Muddy Waters, Ronnie Wood and Neil Young. The event was filmed by director Martin Scorsese and made into a documentary of the same name, released in 1978. The film features concert performances, scenes shot on a studio soundstage and interviews by Scorsese with members of The Band. A tripleLP soundtrack recording was issued in 1978. The film was released on DVD in 2002 as was a four-CD box set of the concert and related studio recordings. The Last Waltz is hailed as one of the greatest concert films ever made.[2]

Film synopsis
Movie poster for the 2002 limited re-release. Directed by Produced by Starring Martin Scorsese Robbie Robertson Rick Danko Levon Helm Garth Hudson Richard Manuel Robbie Robertson The Band Michael Chapman Thelma Schoonmaker United Artists (1978 and 2002
theatrical releases)

Music by Cinematography Editing by Distributed by

MGM (DVD) Release date(s) Running time Country Language April 26, 1978 117 min. US English

The Last Waltz was a concert by the Canadian rock group, The Band, held on

Beginning with a title card saying "This film should be played loud!" the concert documentary is an essay on The Band’s influences and their career. The group – Rick Danko on bass, violin and vocals, Levon Helm on drums, mandolin and vocals, Garth Hudson on keyboards and saxophone, Richard Manuel on keyboards, percussion and vocals, and guitarist-songwriter Robbie Robertson – started out in the late 1950s as a rock and roll band led by Ronnie Hawkins, and Hawkins himself appears as the first guest. The group backed Bob Dylan in the 1960s, and Dylan performs with The Band towards the end of the concert. Various other artists perform with The Band: Muddy Waters, Paul Butterfield, Neil Young, Joni Mitchell, Van Morrison, Dr. John, Neil Diamond and Eric Clapton. Genres covered include blues, rock and roll, New Orleans R&B, Tin Pan Alley pop, folk and rock. Further genres are explored in segments filmed later on a sound stage with Emmylou Harris (country) and The Staple Singers (soul and gospel).

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The Last Waltz
musician. Robertson also describes the surreal experience of playing in a burnt-out nightclub owned by Jack Ruby. Manuel recalls that some of the early names for The Band included "the Honkies" and "the Crackers". Because they were simply referred to as "the band" by Dylan and their friends and neighbors in Woodstock, New York, they figured that was just what they would call themselves. Danko is seen giving Scorsese a tour of The Band’s Shangri-La studio, and he plays the director a recording of "Sip the Wine", a track from his then-forthcoming 1977 solo album Rick Danko. A recurring theme brought up in the interviews with Robertson is that the concert marks an end of an era for The Band, that after 16 years on the road, it is time for a change. "That’s what The Last Waltz is: 16 years on the road. The numbers start to scare you," Robertson tells Scorsese. "I mean, I couldn’t live with 20 years on the road. I don’t think I could even discuss it." The theme is further explored in the choice of songs Scorsese filmed, "Up on Cripple Creek" for one, which has the line, "this living on the road is getting pretty old."

Origins
Rick Danko performs in the concert with a Gibson Ripper bass. The film begins with The Band performing the last song of the evening, their cover version of the Marvin Gaye hit "Don’t Do It", as an encore. The film then flashes back to the beginning of the show and follows it more or less chronologically. The Band is backed by a large horn section and performs many of its hit songs, including "Up on Cripple Creek", "Stage Fright" and "The Night They Drove Old Dixie Down". The live songs are interspersed with the studio segments and interviews with director Martin Scorsese, in which The Band’s members reminisce about the group’s history. Robertson talks about Hudson joining the band on the condition that the other members pay him $10 a week each for music lessons. The classically trained Hudson could then tell his parents that he was a music teacher instead of merely a rock and roll The idea for a farewell concert came about early in 1976 after Richard Manuel was seriously injured in a boating accident. Robbie Robertson then began giving thought to leaving the road, envisioning The Band becoming a studio-only band, similar to The Beatles’ decision to stop playing live shows in 1966.[3] Though the other band members did not agree with Robertson’s decision, the concert was set at Bill Graham’s Winterland Ballroom, where The Band had made its debut as a group in 1969.[4] Originally, The Band was to perform on its own, but then the notion of inviting Ronnie Hawkins and Bob Dylan was hatched and the guest list grew to include other performers.

Concert
Promoted and organized by Bill Graham, who had a long association with The Band, the concert was an elaborate affair. Starting at 5:00 p.m., the audience of 5,000 was served turkey dinners. There was ballroom dancing with music by the Berkeley Promenade

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The Last Waltz
was taking his first solo on "Further on Up the Road", his guitar strap came loose. Clapton said "Hold on," but Robertson picked up the solo without missing a beat. Neil Young followed, singing "Helpless" with backing vocals by Joni Mitchell who remained off stage. According to Robertson’s commentary on the The Last Waltz DVD, this was so her later appearance in the show would have more of an impact. Mitchell came on after Young and sang three songs, two with the backing of Dr. John on congas. Neil Diamond was next, introducing his "Dry Your Eyes" by saying, "I’m only gonna do one song, but I’m gonna do it good." Diamond had been invited to perform by Robertson, who wanted the songwriters of Tin Pan Alley to be represented. Robertson had also produced Diamond’s album Beautiful Noise the same year and co-wrote "Dry Your Eyes," which during the concert he hailed as a "great song." Diamond’s appearance was not popular with all of the other performers. Levon Helm was critical of the inclusion of Diamond, not discerning any musical connection to The Band, as was Ronnie Wood, who stated in an 1980s interview, "None of us could understand what he was doing there." Dylan also apparently held him in low esteem: Reportedly, when Diamond came off stage he remarked to Dylan, "You’ll have to be pretty good to follow me", to which Dylan responded, "What do I have to do, go on stage and fall asleep?" Van Morrison then performed two songs, a special arrangement of "Tura Lura Lural (That’s an Irish Lullaby)" as a duet with Richard Manuel and his own show-stopper, "Caravan". Canadians Young and Mitchell were then invited back out to help The Band perform "Acadian Driftwood", an ode to the Acadians of Canadian history. The Band then performed a short set of some more of its songs before Bob Dylan came on stage to lead his former backing band through four songs. The Band and all its guests, with the addition of Ringo Starr on drums and Ronnie Wood on guitar, then sang "I Shall Be Released" as a closing number. Dylan, who wrote the song, and Manuel, whose falsetto rendition had made the song famous on Music from Big Pink, shared lead vocals, although Manuel cannot be clearly seen in the film and switched between his normal and falsetto voices between verses.

Multi-instrumentalist Garth Hudson at the synthesizer. Orchestra. Poets Lawrence Ferlinghetti and Michael McClure gave readings. The Band started its concert at around 9:00 p.m., opening with "Up on Cripple Creek," during the wind-down of which vocalist/drummer Levon Helm called out a humorous "I sure wish I could yodel!" This was followed by 11 more of The Band’s most popular songs, including "The Shape I’m In", "This Wheel’s on Fire" and "The Night They Drove Old Dixie Down". They were backed by a large horn section with charts arranged by Allen Toussaint and other musicians. They were then joined by a succession of guest artists, starting with Ronnie Hawkins. As The Hawks, The Band served as Hawkins’ backing band in the early 1960s. Dr. John took a seat at the piano for his signature song, "Such a Night". He then switched to guitar and joined Bobby Charles on "Down South in New Orleans". A blues set was next with harmonica player Paul Butterfield, Muddy Waters, pianist Pinetop Perkins and Eric Clapton. As Clapton

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Two loose jam sessions then formed. "Jam #1" featured The Band minus Richard Manuel playing with Neil Young, Ronnie Wood and Eric Clapton on guitar, Dr. John on piano, Paul Butterfield on harmonica and Ringo Starr on drums. It was followed by "Jam #2" with the same personnel minus Robertson and Danko. Stephen Stills, who showed up late, took a guitar solo and Carl Radle joined on bass. The Band then came out at around 2:15 a.m. to perform an encore, "Don’t Do It". It was the last time the group performed with its classic lineup. It reformed without Robertson in 1980 and headlined at The Roxy in Los Angeles with Scottish group Blue supporting, guests were Dr John and Joe Cocker. Rick Danko later performed at various LA venues along with Blue and it was at his invitation they recorded their ’LA Sessions’ album at Shangri-La Studios.

The Last Waltz
was to perform "Mannish Boy".[5] Kovács, frustrated by Scorsese’s constant instructions, had removed his communications headset earlier in the evening and had not heard the orders to stop filming.[6] As Scorsese frantically tried to get other cameras up, Kovács was already rolling and able to capture the iconic song by the blues legend. "It was just luck," Scorsese recalled in the DVD documentary, The Last Waltz Revisited.[5] Notably omitted from the film is Stephen Stills, who only performed in a jam session. Both jam sessions were omitted from the film entirely.

Negotiations with Dylan
While Bob Dylan had agreed to perform in concert, he did not want his appearance filmed because he feared it would detract from his own film project Renaldo and Clara.[7] Warner Bros. had agreed to finance the filming of The Last Waltz with the understanding that Dylan would be involved in the film and soundtrack. Backstage negotiations took place during an intermission.[8] Robertson assured Dylan that the concert film’s release would be delayed until after his film, and with that Dylan relented and agreed to be filmed. Promoter Bill Graham was also involved in the talks. "Somebody working with Bob said ’We’re not filming this.’ And Bill just said, ’Get out of here, or I’ll kill you’," Robertson is quoted in the liner notes of the 2002 album re-issue as saying, "It all worked out."[7] According to Scorsese, Dylan made the stipulation that only two of his songs could be filmed: "Baby Let Me Follow You Down" and "Forever Young". "When Dylan got on stage, the sound was so loud, I didn’t know what to shoot," Scorsese later recalled. "Bill Graham was next to me shouting, ’Shoot him! Shoot him! He comes from the same streets as you. Don’t let him push you around.’ Fortunately, we got our cues right and we shot the two songs that were used in the film."[9]

Film production
Concert filming
Robertson initially wanted to record the concert on 16 mm film. He recruited Martin Scorsese to direct based on his use of music in Mean Streets. Under Scorsese, the film grew into a full-scale studio production with seven 35 mm cameras. The cameras were operated by some of the most respected cinematographers in the film industry, including Michael Chapman (Raging Bull), Vilmos Zsigmond (Close Encounters of the Third Kind), and László Kovács (Easy Rider, Five Easy Pieces). The stage and lighting were designed by Boris Leven, who had been the production designer on such musical films as West Side Story and The Sound of Music. With Bill Graham’s assistance, the set from the San Francisco Opera’s production of La traviata was rented as a backdrop for the stage. Crystal chandeliers were also hung over the stage. Scorsese meticulously storyboarded the songs, setting up lighting and camera cues to fit the lyrics of the songs. But despite his planning, in the rigors of the live concert setting, with the loud rock music and the hours spent filming the show, there were unscripted film reloads and camera malfunctions. It was not possible for all songs to be covered. At one point, all the cameras except László Kovács’ were shut down as Muddy Waters

Post-concert production
Following the concert, Scorsese filmed for several days on an MGM studio soundstage, with The Band, The Staple Singers and Emmylou Harris. Interviews with group members were conducted by Scorsese at The Band’s Shangri-La Studio in Malibu, California. Additionally, Robertson composed The

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Last Waltz Suite, parts of which were used as a film score. Due to Scorsese’s commitments to work on New York, New York and another documentary, American Boy: A Profile of Steven Prince, the film’s release was delayed until 1978. During the editing process, Scorsese and Robertson became friends, and frequently collaborated on further projects, with Robertson acting as music producer and consultant on Raging Bull, The King of Comedy, The Color of Money, Casino, Gangs of New York and The Departed.

The Last Waltz

Drug use
Scorsese has admitted that during this period, he was using cocaine heavily.[10] Drugs were present in large quantities during the concert. Backstage, a room was painted white and decorated with noses from plastic masks while an audio tape of sniffing noises played in the background. A large blob of cocaine hanging from Neil Young’s nose was edited out in post-production through rotoscoping.[8][11]

Singing drummer Levon Helm performs "Don’t Do It," the encore number.

Criticism by Levon Helm
Levon Helm, in his 1993 autobiography This Wheel’s on Fire, expresses serious reservations about Scorsese’s handling of the film, claiming that Scorsese and Robbie Robertson (who produced the film) conspired to make The Band look like Robbie Robertson’s sidemen. He states that Robertson, who is depicted singing powerful backing vocals, was actually singing into a microphone that was turned off throughout most of the concert (a typical practice during their live performances), and that much of the soundtrack was overdubbed. He complains about Manuel’s and Hudson’s minimal screen time, such as when Manuel sings during the closing number "I Shall Be Released", but Manuel is hidden behind the phalanx of guest performers. There are several shots catching Ronnie Hawkins looking around but not singing, yet Manuel remains invisible. However, during the same segment, in the background, it appears that a cameraman is attempting to get a shot of Manuel at the piano but gives up due to technical problems or the impossibility of the shot.[16]

Reception
Critical reception
The film has been hailed critically, listed among the greatest concert films. Chicago Tribune film critic Michael Wilmington calls it "the greatest rock concert movie ever made – and maybe the best rock movie, period."[2] Terry Lawson of the Detroit Free Press comments that "This is one of the great movie experiences."[11] Total Film considers it "the greatest concert film ever shot."[12] On Rotten Tomatoes, the movie has a 97% (fresh) rating with just one negative review out of 37 total, from Janet Maslin of The New York Times.[13] She states that it "articulates so little of the end-of-an-era feeling it hints at ... that it’s impossible to view The Last Waltz as anything but an also-ran."[14] Music critic Robert Christgau gives the soundtrack a "B+", saying "the movie improves when you can’t see it." He praises the blues numbers by Muddy Waters and Paul Butterfield, the horn arrangements by Allen Toussaint, and the "blistering if messy" guitar duet by Robertson and Eric Clapton.[15]

DVD release
For the concert’s 25th anniversary in 2002, the film was remastered and a new theatrical

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print was made for a limited release to promote the release of the DVD and four-CD box set of the film soundtrack. It opened in San Francisco’s Castro Theatre,[8] with the release later expanded to 15 theaters.[17] The DVD features a commentary track by Robertson and Scorsese, a featurette, Revisiting The Last Waltz, and a gallery of images from the concert, the studio filming and the film premiere. A bonus scene is footage of "Jam #2", which is cut short because they had run out of replacement sound sychronizers for the cameras after ten hours of continuous filming. The original 2002 DVD release was packaged as a "special edition." In addition to the extra features on the disc, the Amaray case came in a foil-embossed cardboard sleeve, and inside was an eight-page booklet, featuring a five-page essay by Robertson entitled "The End of a Musical Journey." Also included was a US$5 rebate coupon for the four-CD box set. In 2005, the DVD was re-issued with different artwork and stripped of the outer foil packaging, inner booklet and coupon. The disc’s contents remained unchanged. In 2006, The Last Waltz was among the first 20 titles released in Sony’s high definition Blu-ray DVD format. The soundtracks on the Blu-ray release consist of an uncompressed 5.1 Linear PCM track, a very high fidelity format, and a standard Dolby Digital 5.1 track. The external description on the box for the Blu-ray disc that lists DTS Master Audio as one of the available audio soundtracks is in error.

The Last Waltz
Waters, the concert version of "The Weight", "Jam #1" and "Jam #2" in their entirety, and extended sets with Joni Mitchell and Bob Dylan. The soundtrack recordings underwent post-concert production featuring heavy use of overdubbing and re-sequencing. Bootleg collectors have circulated an original line recording of the concert as a more accurate and complete document of the event. It includes songs not available in the film or the official album releases, including "Georgia on My Mind", "King Harvest (Has Surely Come)", the complete "Chest Fever" and the live version of "Evangeline."[18]

Performances Performers
The Band
• Rick Danko – bass, fiddle, vocals • Levon Helm – drums, mandolin, vocals • Garth Hudson – organ, piano, accordion, synthesizers, soprano saxophone • Richard Manuel – piano, organ, drums, clavinet, dobro, vocals • Robbie Robertson – guitar, piano, vocals

Guests
• Paul Butterfield – harmonica, vocals • Bobby Charles – vocals • Eric Clapton – guitar, vocals • Neil Diamond – guitar, vocals • Dr. John – piano, guitar, congas, vocals • Bob Dylan – guitar, vocals • Bill Graham – master of ceremonies • Emmylou Harris – acoustic guitar, vocals • Ronnie Hawkins – vocals • Joni Mitchell – acoustic guitar, vocals • Nathan Bettineschi - flute • Jordan Snyder triangle • Van Morrison – vocals • Pinetop Perkins – piano, vocals

Albums
The original soundtrack album was a threeLP album released on April 16, 1978 (later as a two-disc CD). It has many songs not in the film, including "Down South in New Orleans" with Bobby Charles and Dr. John on guitar, "Tura Lura Lural (That’s an Irish Lullaby)" by Van Morrison, "Life is a Carnival" by The Band, and "I Don’t Believe You (She Acts Like We Never Have Met)" by Bob Dylan. In 2002, a four-CD box set was released, as was a DVD-Audio edition. Robbie Robertson produced the album, remastering all the songs. The set includes 16 previously unreleased songs from the concert, as well as takes from rehearsals. Among the additions are Louis Jordan’s "Caldonia" by Muddy

Horn section
• Rich Cooper – trumpet, flugelhorn • James Gordon – flute, tenor saxophone, clarinet • Jerry Hey – trumpet, flugelhorn • Howard Johnson – tuba, baritone

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Order of performances in film Song title "Don’t Do It" "Theme from The Last Waltz" "Up on Cripple Creek" "The Shape I’m In" "Who Do You Love" "It Makes No Difference" Introduction to The Canterbury Tales in Chaucerian dialect "Such a Night" "Helpless" "Stage Fright" Ronnie Hawkins The Band Michael McClure Artist The Band

The Last Waltz
Order of performances in concert[18] Song title "The Shape I’m In" "It Makes No Difference" "Life is a Carnival" "This Wheel’s on Fire" "W.S. Walcott Medicine Show" "Georgia on My Mind" Artist "Up on Cripple Creek" The Band

Dr. John Neil Young The Band

"Ophelia" "King Harvest (Has Surely Come)" "The Night They Drove Old Dixie Down" "Stage Fright" "Rag Mama Rag"

"The Weight" (studio version) "The Night They Drove Old Dixie Down" "Dry Your Eyes" "Coyote" "Mystery Train" "Mannish Boy" "Further on up the Road" "Evangeline" (studio version) "Genetic Method"/ "Chest Fever" "Ophelia" "Caravan" "Loud Prayer"

The Band and The Staple Singers The Band

Neil Diamond Joni Mitchell Paul Butterfield Muddy Waters Eric Clapton

"Who Do You Love" "Such a Night" "Down South in New Orleans" "Mystery Train" "Caldonia"

Ronnie Hawkins Dr. John Bobby Charles and Dr. John Paul Butterfield Muddy Waters

The Band and Emmyl- "Mannish Boy" ou Harris Garth Hudson The Band Van Morrison "All Our Past Times" "Further on up the Road" "Helpless" Neil Young Eric Clapton

Lawrence Ferlinghetti "Four Strong Winds"

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"Forever Young" "Baby Let Me Follow You Down" "I Shall Be Released" Bob Dylan "Coyote" "Shadows and Light" The Band and guests "Furry Sings the plus Ronnie Wood and Blues" Ringo Starr "Dry Your Eyes" "Tura Lura Lural (That’s an Irish Lullaby)" "Caravan" "Acadian Driftwood" Vocalist-keyboardist Richard Manuel at the piano during "Don’t Do It" "Genetic Method"/ "Chest Fever" "Evangeline" (concert version) "The Weight" (concert version) The Band and guests performing "I Shall Be Released". From left, Dr. John, Neil Diamond, "Hazel" Joni Mitchell, Neil Young, Rick Danko, Van "I Don’t Believe You" Morrison, Bob Dylan and Robbie Robertson. "Forever Young" "Baby Let Me Follow You Down" (reprise) "I Shall Be Released "Baby Let Me Follow You Down"

The Last Waltz
Joni Mitchell

Neil Diamond Van Morrison

The Band, Neil Young and Joni Mitchell The Band

Bob Dylan

The Band and guests plus Ronnie Wood and Ringo Starr Neil Young, Ronnie Wood, Eric Clapton, Robbie Robertson, Paul Butterfield, Dr. John, Garth Hudson, Rick Danko, Ringo Starr and Levon Helm Neil Young, Ronnie Wood, Eric Clapton, Stephen Stills, Paul Butterfield, Dr. John, Garth Hudson, Carl Radle, Ringo Starr and Levon Helm The Band • Mavis Staples – vocals

"Jam #1"

"Jam #2"

"Don’t Do It" saxophone, flugelhorn, bass clarinet • Carl Radle – bass • Cleotha Staples – backing vocals • Charlie Keagle – clarinet, flute, saxophone

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• Tom Malone – trombone, euphonium, alto flute • Larry Packer – electric violin • Horns arranged by Henry Glover, Garth Hudson, Howard Johnson, Tom Malone, John Simon and Allen Toussaint • Roebuck "Pops" Staples – guitar, vocals • Yvonne Staples – backing vocals • Ringo Starr – drums • Stephen Stills – guitar • Muddy Waters – vocals • Ronnie Wood – guitar • Neil Young – guitars, harmonica, vocals

The Last Waltz

Other musicians
• Bob Margolin – guitar (Muddy Waters) • Dennis St. John – drums (Neil Diamond) • John Simon – piano on "Tura Lura Lural" & "Georgia On My Mind"

In popular culture
• Filmmaker Maziar Bahari selected The Last Waltz among his top ten classics from the history of documentary for screening at the 2007 International Documentary Film Festival Amsterdam.

References
[1] Concert poster on the first page of the 2002 album booklet and in the DVD photo gallery states: "The Band in their farewell concert appearance." [2] ^ Wilmington, Michael. "Movie review, ’The Last Waltz’". Chicago Tribune. http://metromix.chicagotribune.com/ movies/ mmx-16264_lgcy,0,6333653.story. Retrieved on 2007-01-07. [3] Fricke, David (November 2001). The Last Waltz (liner notes). Warner Bros.. p. 17. [4] Fricke, David (November 2001). The Last Waltz (liner notes). Warner Bros.. pp. 25–27.

[5] ^ Martin Scorsese. (2002). The Last Waltz Revisited [DVD featurette]. MGM/ United Artists. [6] Fricke, David (November 2001). The Last Waltz (liner notes). Warner Bros.. p. 49. [7] ^ Fricke, David (November 2001). The Last Waltz (liner notes). Warner Bros.. p. 53. [8] ^ Selvin, Joel (2002-04-22). "The day the music lived". San Francisco Chronicle. http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/ article.cgi?f=/chronicle/archive/2002/04/ 04/DD64672.DTL&type=music. Retrieved on 2007-01-07. [9] Scorsese on Scorsese, ed. Ian Christie, p.73; Faber & Faber, 1989 [10] Ross, Peter (2005-01-09). "Wise Guy". Sunday Herald. http://web.archive.org/ web/20060126090130/ http://www.sundayherald.com/47068. Retrieved on 2007-01-07. [11] ^ Lawson, Terry (2002-04-26). "’The Last Waltz’ rekindles Band fervor". Detroit Free Press. http://ae.freep.com/ entertainment/ui/michigan/ movie.html?id=61794&reviewId=8681. Retrieved on 2007-01-08. [12] "DVD Reviews: The Last Waltz". Total Film. http://www.totalfilm.com/ dvd_reviews/the_last_waltz. Retrieved on 2007-01-07. [13] "The Last Waltz". Rotten Tomatoes. http://www.rottentomatoes.com/m/ last_waltz/ ?beg=0&int=27&creamcrop_limit=13&page=all. Retrieved on 2007-01-08. [14] Maslin, Janet (1978-04-26). "Scorsese and the Band: Final Fling". The New York Times. http://movies2.nytimes.com/ mem/movies/ review.html?_r=1&title1=&title2=Last%20Waltz%2C Retrieved on 2007-01-08. [15] Christgau, Robert. "Robert Christgau Consumer Guide: The Band". http://www.robertchristgau.com/ get_artist.php?name=The+Band. Retrieved on 2007-01-07. [16] Helm, Levon; Stephen Davis (1993). This Wheel’s on Fire. London: Plexus. p. 276. ISBN 1-55652-405-6. [17] "The Last Waltz (2002)". Box Office Mojo. http://www.boxofficemojo.com/ movies/?id=thelastwaltz02.htm. Retrieved on 2007-01-07. [18] ^ Katz, John; Warschawski, Dror. "The 4 audio versions of The Last Waltz".

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http://theband.hiof.no/articles/ tlw_katz.html. Retrieved on 2007-01-07.

The Last Waltz
• The Last Waltz at Allmovie • The Last Waltz at the Internet Movie Database • The Last Waltz at Rotten Tomatoes

External links
• Official site

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Last_Waltz" Categories: English-language films, 1978 films, American films, The Band, Concerts, Concert films, Films directed by Martin Scorsese, Music documentary films This page was last modified on 17 May 2009, at 01:18 (UTC). All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License. (See Copyrights for details.) Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a U.S. registered 501(c)(3) taxdeductible nonprofit charity. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers

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