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									Firefighter Life Safety
How Can We Make it
Make Everyday a Training Day…So that Everyone Goes Home
           Additions Made By: Matthew Thorpe

                       c. 2006 NFFF
  In April of 2004, fire service leaders from
      across the United States gathered in
                 Tampa, Florida.

At this summit meeting these leaders began to
         design a new fire service culture.

       This new culture is built on the
     16 Firefighter Life Safety Initiatives
                    so that
           Everyone Goes Home.
         Life Safety Initiatives Program Goal

                   Since 1984, 3175 firefighters have
                   died in the Line of Duty—many
                   thousands more have been injured.

         We accept 100 deaths every year as normal

                                       Ten Years
2004                                 50% Reduction

     Five Years
   25% Reduction           2009

                       The Initiatives Address Six Focus Areas

    •   Prevention
            •   Structural Firefighting
                •   Wildland Operation
            •       Health, Wellness & Fitness
        •   Vehicles
•   Training
    The initiatives Address Six Root Causes of LODDs

                  • Ineffective Policies & Procedures

            • Ineffective Decision Making

       • Lack of Preparedness

    • Ineffective Leadership

  • Lack of Personal Responsibility
         (inappropriate behavior)

• Extraordinary & unpredictable circumstances
                  Initiative # 1

    Define and advocate the need for a cultural
change within the fire service relating to safety;
         leadership, management, supervision,
                    and personal responsibility.
                What Initiative #1 Means

     Cultural change has to begin with informal leaders,
     managers, supervisors. From top to bottom: the
     culture of the fire service must change. You can
     change your behavior TODAY.

   Be part of the “NEW” Fire Service Safety Culture

   Examine your attitudes & behaviors regarding safety

   Realize that change is not a threat to the organization

   Embrace Health & Wellness programs & practice them

   Lead by your own example & make the difference—be
    an agent of change
Initiative # 2

Enhance the personal and
accountability for health
and safety throughout
the fire service.
             What Initiative #2 Means

Each fire service organization must promote safe practices;
each individual must have the tools to be safe and adhere
to safe practices at ALL TIMES.
        Follow SOPs at all times

        Train / Learn / Teach everyday

        Utilize the Incident Command System

        Adhere to Vehicle Inspection Schedules

        Schedule and stick to equipment checks

        “Strap in and Stay In”

        Don’t take the environment for granted
                 Initiative # 3

Focus greater attention on the
integration of risk management
with incident management at all
levels, including strategic,
and planning responsibilities.
                  What Initiative #3 Means

    Learn the concept of “Risk Management”; Ensure everyone
    understands the difference between an acceptable risk and
    an unacceptable risk.
    Develop and implement a system to pre-identify
    unacceptable risks.

   Risk a lot to save a lot; risk a little to save a little
   Review every call
   Develop Command Teams
   Follow SOPs…Follow SOPs
   Know the function and status of every firefighter on
    the incident scene…Everyone must be accounted for
    at all times
  Initiative # 4

All firefighters must
be empowered to
stop unsafe
                   What Initiative #4 Means

     Firefighters must be allowed to identify and report unsafe
     practices. They must be able to stop activities that present
     imminent harm to themselves or others, without fear of
     penalty or reprisal.

   Be aware of safe practices and look for unsafe ones

   Take the initiative to develop and implement
    procedures to enable and empower firefighters to
    stop unsafe conditions in training, on the fire ground
    and during routine operations

   Never question the integrity of those who speak out
    for safe fire ground operations
               Initiative # 5

Develop and implement national
standards for training, qualifications,
and certification (including regular
re-certification) that are equally
applicable to all firefighters based on the
duties they are expected to perform.
                    What Initiative #5 Means

Fire service departments are recognizing national certification
standards as a way to measure the competency of their
members. National standards encourage departments to
operate at higher levels of effectiveness.

   Seek state and national certifications at all levels of
    your fire department employment

   Support efforts toward mandatory re-certification or
    refresher training; refreshing teaches new methods
    and improves skills which are used infrequently
      Initiative # 6
Develop and implement
national medical and
physical fitness standards
that are equally applicable
to all firefighters, based on
the duties they are
expected to perform.
                   What Initiative #6 Means

    In this profession, health and wellness are non-negotiable.
    Departments should establish and enforce SOPs which support
    wellness. Individuals must embrace wellness as a strategy for
    successful fire service careers or seek employment elsewhere.

    Adopt a heart-healthy lifestyle, including making
     healthful food choices and regular exercise

    Don’t smoke / Don’t do drugs

    Follow all health and wellness SOPs

    Be a Good Example

    Understand the impact your death would have on
     your family, co-workers and community
             Initiative # 7

Create a national research agenda
and data collection system that
relates to the initiatives.
                 What Initiative #7 Means

    We won’t know if we are living the initiatives if we do not
    collect data. Data analysis is the key to making any course
    corrections regarding the Life Safety Initiatives. It will also
    provide important corollary data.

   Encourage your department to participate in national
    data recovery systems such as NFIRS

   Support data gathering at the local level

   Be vocal with local politicians about where your tax
    money is spent—urge them to support our national
    agenda for firefighter safety
Initiative # 8

       Utilize available
       wherever it can
       help produce
       higher levels of
       health and safety
                  What Initiative #8 Means

      It is irresponsible not to use technology when it can
      improve safety outcomes. Technological solutions should
      be a leverage and a tool for improving fire ground safety.

   Attend conferences to keep abreast of new
    technologies and take this knowledge back to your

   Encourage your department to employ Command
    and Rescue vehicles on scene which are equipped
    with technological advance systems that can be
    integrated into the command system

   Become the technology geek of your department
 Initiative # 9

Thoroughly investigate
all firefighter fatalities,
injuries, and near
                   What Initiative #9 Means

      Even if your organization is uncomfortable with sharing
      information about a fatality, injury, or near-miss incident, it
      is a moral obligation to do so. Knowing what happened can
      prevent it from happening again.

   Implement investigations without delay—learning
    can begin immediately

   Be familiar with NIOSH, FEMA, USFA, CDC, NFPA
    reports. They can be studied to increase safety

   Encourage the collection of “near-miss” data. Near-
    miss incidents provide excellent learning / training

   Look for the “Fatal Chain of Errors”
                    Initiative # 10

Grant programs should support the
implementation of safe practices and / or
mandate safe practices as an eligibility
                 What Initiative #10 Means

      There is grant money available for you to begin
     implementing the initiatives. Grants should
     however, be tied to increasing safety measures.
     No safe practices / no grant.
   If you ask for a grant to improve health and wellness
    for example, recommendations should be made and
    implemented as a condition of future grants.

   Take time to learn how to write grants
    professionally— beginning with the identification of
    granting sources.
                 Initiative # 11

National standards for emergency response
policies and procedures should be developed
and championed.
                   What Initiative #11 Means

    National Standards for emergency response policies and
    procedures should be developed. At the local level,
    departments may have to increase response times to “arrive
    Help to adopt safe driving rules and enforce them.

    Secure loose objects in cabs and on vehicles.

    Respond to emergencies using emergency response
     SOPs; no red lights and sirens to routine calls.

    Make sure all vehicles meet current safety standards.

                                            Initiative # 12
                     National protocols for response to violent
                       incidents (including terrorism) should
                       be developed and championed.
       Ky. Firefighter Killed, Second
      Wounded in Shooting at Scene
      of Domestic 'Worst Nightmare':
   Domestic Dispute Call Turns to Tragedy

        Memphis: Firefighting Presents More Dangers
                        Than Just Fire

Six Firefighters Shot, Injured in Indiana Violence
All Remain Hospitalized, One Seriously
                  What Initiative #12 Means

      Fire and EMS workers deserve to have policies
      which will reduce their exposure to all threats of

   Promote policies to “stage” violent incident
    responses, removing the pressure to react
    immediately. SOPs should include “GO” and “No-
    GO” criteria.

   Learn all you can about responding to terrorist
    incidents, regardless of your department’s size or
    proximity to predicted targets.
Initiative # 13

Firefighters and their
families must have access
to counseling and
psychological support
                   What Initiative #13 Means

        Firefighting is a high-risk occupation which, from time
        to time, can put the employee and his or her family
        under extreme stress. They deserve access to mental
        health care.

   If you are feeling stress (depression / anxiety or
    physical symptoms) seek help from physicians, EAP
    counselors, and religious or other sources.

   Don’t “tough it out”; this could lead to bad results for
    you and your family.

   Stress-awareness should be part of firefighter
    training at all levels.

   Help a buddy you see struggling with stress-related
                       Initiative # 14

Public education must
receive more resources
and be championed as a
critical fire and life safety
                   What Initiative #14 Means
        Public Education is a responsibility of all fire service
        personnel. It should not be reserved for one week in
        October. Increased civilian awareness will decrease
        firefighter risks.

   Make communicating the fire prevention message to
    the community a priority.

   Utilize USFA resources and materials—they are free
    and excellent.

   Become an ambassador for community safety in your
    church, children's’ schools, volunteer groups, etc.

   Become an advocate for code adoption &
    enforcement .
Initiative # 15

Advocacy must be
strengthened for the
enforcement of codes and
the installation of home
fire sprinklers
                         What Initiative #15 Means

     The widespread use of residential sprinklers will
     improve outcomes for civilians and decrease
     firefighter injuries and LODDs.

   Ensure all firefighters understand how sprinkler
    systems operate and the value they bring to reducing
    Line of Duty Deaths.

   Actively advocate for residential sprinkler laws and
    widespread adoption.

   If you build a home, consider the installation of a
    sprinkler system—lead by example.
  Initiative # 16

Safety must be a primary
consideration in the
design of apparatus and
              What Initiative #16 Means

Encourage your department to make “safety” the highest
priority in equipment and apparatus purchases — as high
as design and price.

   Form an apparatus committee and help set your
    department’s policies on equipment and
    apparatus purchases.

   Read professional journals and attend
    conferences where new innovations in apparatus
    and equipment are demonstrated.

   Learn NFPA standard 1901 regarding apparatus
    safety standards.
Self-Evaluation Summary

   •   Is Your Department on the
       path to a Line of Duty
       Death ?

   •   Do you know what the path
       looks like ?
      Does it Look Like this?

                 •   More Accidents
                 •   Criminal Charges
                 •   Incarceration
                 •   Civilian casualty
                 •   Firefighter casualties

•   Older & Heavier
•   Stiff versus Flexible
•   High Cholesterol versus Low
•   Insulin versus Non Insulin
•   Experience Exchange versus Early Death

    Watch the videos in the Firefighter Life Safety
     Resource Kit

    Conduct an organizational assessment and
     implement changes

    Encourage and reward positive changes
     toward safety
       Make a Commitment TODAY…

       Become an ADVOCATE for the

         For more information on the
Courage To Be Safe…So Everyone Goes Home

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