The “Egg”citing Vehicle Design Challenge Standard Statement s Grade Level s PA Science Technology Sta

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The “Egg”citing Vehicle Design Challenge Standard Statement s Grade Level s PA Science Technology Sta Powered By Docstoc
					              The “Egg”citing Vehicle Design Challenge
Standard Statement(s):                                                                              Grade Level(s):
PA Science & Technology Standards                                                                   8th Grade
    3.1.10A,B,D,E; 3.2.10B,D; 3.4.10C; 3.6.10B,C; 3.7.10A,B,C,D
PA Reading, Writing, Speaking & Listening Standards                                                 Course Name(s):
    1.4.11B,D; 1.5.11A,B,F; 1.6.11A,D,E,F                                                           Drafting & Design
PA Health, Safety and Physical Education Standards
    10.3.9A
                              See Lesson Plan pg. 2 detailed descriptions of standards              Standard Category:
                                                                                                    Technology Education
Content Objective(s):
At the conclusion of the lesson the student will be able to:                                        Required Materials:
1. Describe the interrelationships among inputs, processes, outputs, feedback, and control in          Design Brief
    specific systems.                                                                                  Pencil/paper
2. Examine the advantages of using models to demonstrate processes and outcomes.                       Research Worksheet
3. Convert one scale to another.                                                                       Internet Ready PC
4. Describe the effects of error in measurements.
5. Examine the problem; rank all necessary information and all questions that must be
                                                                                                       Presentation Software
    answered.                                                                                          K’NEX Parts Kit
6. Propose and analyze a solution.                                                                     Grade A Large Eggs
7. Implement the solution.
8. Evaluate the solution, test, redesign, and improve as necessary.                                 Optional Materials:
9. Communicate the process, evaluate, and present the impacts of the solution.                         Digital Camera
10. Know Newton’s laws of apply it to solve problems related to forces and mass.                       Scanner
11. Apply a variety of advanced mechanical and electronic drafting methods to communicate a            X-Acto Knives
    solution to a specific problem.
12. Select and safely apply appropriate tools, materials, and processes necessary to solve
                                                                                                       Scissors
    complex problems.                                                                                  Glue
13. Apply accurate measurement knowledge to solve everyday problems.                                   Various materials
14. Apply knowledge of advanced input devices (e.g., scanners, video images, plotters,                 provided by students
    projectors).                                                                                       with approval from
15. Select and apply software designed to meet specific needs.                                         instructor.
16. Explain and demonstrate file transfer within and out side of a computer network.
17. Identify, describe, and complete advanced on-line research.                                     Instructional Strategies:
                                                                                                       Independent Research
Assessment Strategies:                                                                                 Brainstorming
The Lesson will be assessed utilizing the following strategies:                                        Cooperative Learning
         Instructor Evaluation of execution of the problem solving process,
         teamwork, and solution to the problem using instructor developed rubric.
Student evaluation of team members contributions to the problem solving process and teamwork        Related Concepts:
                            using instructor developed form/rubric.                                    Engineering
Procedures:                                                                                            Mathematics
1. Introduce the concept of Automobile Safety issues and basic automotive design to the                Material strength
   students.                                                                                           Structural design
2. Explain Design Problem and Criteria to the Students using the Design Brief.
3. Students will conduct research on automotive safety design factors.
4. The class will discuss their findings.
5. Students team up and apply the design process to create a solution to the problem.
6. Students evaluate their solutions based on the criteria.
7. Students create and present a PowerPoint presentation to the class explaining how they
   solved the problem.
8. Evaluate the solutions using the Rubric.


Related Web Sites:
         Automobile Safety Timeline - http://www.allpar.com/ed/safety.html
         Automotive Learning Center - http://www.innerauto.com/main.html
         National Highway Traffic Safety Administration - http://www.nhtsa.dot.gov/
         More resources on the TechWeb @ - www.fleetwoodasd.k12.pa.us/fms/staff/jbitting



  Mr. Bitting                               Fleetwood Middle School                             Last Updated - 10/11/2003
                                     Standards in Detail
Pennsylvania’s Academic Standards for Science and Technology
Unifying Themes
    3.1.10A – Discriminate among the concepts of systems, subsystems, feedback, and control in solving
              technological problems.
    3.1.10B – Describe the concepts of models as a way to predict and understand science and technology.
    3.1.10D – Apply scale as a way of relating concepts and ideas to one another by some measure.
    3.1.10E – Describe patterns of change in nature and man made systems.
Inquiry and Design
    3.2.10B – Apply process knowledge and organize scientific and technological phenomena in varied ways.
    3.2.10D – Identify and apply the technological design process to solve problems.
Physical Science, Chemistry and Physics -
    3.4.10C – Distinguish among the principles of force and motion.
Technology Education
    3.6.10B – Apply knowledge of information technologies of encoding, transmitting, receiving, storing,
              retrieving, and decoding.
    3.6.10C – Apply physical technologies of structural design, analysis and engineering, personnel relations,
              financial affairs, structural production, marketing, research and design to real world problems.
Technological Devices
    3.7.10A – Identify and safely use a variety of tools, basic machines, materials, and techniques to solve
              problems and answer questions
    3.7.10B – Apply appropriate instruments and apparatus to examine a variety of objects and processes.
    3.7.10C – Apply basic computer operations and concepts.
    3.7.10D – Utilize computer software to solve specific problems.

For more details on the above standards, please view Pennsylvania’s Academic Standards for Science and
Technology on the PDE website: http://www.pde.state.pa.us/k12/lib/k12/scitech.pdf

Pennsylvania’s Academic Standards for Reading, Writing, Speaking & Listening
Types of Writing
    1.4.11B - Write complex informational pieces (e.g., research papers, analyses, evaluations, essays).
    1.4.11D - Maintain a written record of activities, course work, experience, honors and interests.
Quality of Writing
    1.5.11A - Write with a sharp, distinct focus.
    1.5.11B - Write using well-developed content appropriate for the topic.
    1.5.11F - Edit writing using the conventions of language.
Speaking & Listening
    1.6.11A - Listen to others.
    1.6.11D - Contribute to discussions.
    1.6.11E - Participate in small and large group discussions and presentations.
    1.6.11F - Use media for learning purposes.

For more details on the above standards, please view Pennsylvania’s Academic Standards for Reading, Writing,
Speaking & Listening on the PDE website: http://www.pde.state.pa.us/k12/lib/k12/Reading.pdf

Pennsylvania’s Academic Standards for Health, Safety and Physical Education
Safety and Injury Prevention
    10.3.9A - Analyze the role of individual responsibility for safe practices and injury prevention in the home,
               school and community

For more details on the above standards, please view Pennsylvania’s Academic Standards for Health, Safety, and
Physical Education on the PDE website: http://www.pde.state.pa.us/stateboard_ed/lib/stateboard_ed/SandyHealth.pdf




  Mr. Bitting                            Fleetwood Middle School                      Last Updated - 10/11/2003
         Eggciting Vehicle Design Challenge Assessment Rubric

                     Excellent                     Good                  Acceptable             Unacceptable
                 Uses the Problem           Evidence of the            Designs discussed        Little or no problem
                 Solving Method. Has        problem solving with       with team. Has two       solving evident, little
                 three or more              three or more              or more references       or no research and/or
                 documented                 references used and a      and a complete set of    drawings.
   Design        resources and a            complete set of            working drawings
   Process       complete set of            working drawings           within specifications.
                 working drawings           within specifications.
                 within specifications.

                                       40                       30                        15                        0
                 Cooperates and             Cooperates and             Seldomly interacts       Does not interact well
                 interacts well with        interacts well with        well with team.          with the team and the
                 team. Workload             the team. Shared the       Workload not equally     workload is not
 Teamwork        shared equally.            duties.                    divided.                 evenly distributed.


                                    25                         20                         15                        0
                 Prototype agrees with      Prototype agrees with      Prototype agrees with    Prototype disagrees
                 neatly prepared            drawings, meets            drawings, meets          with drawings, meets
                 drawings, meets            criteria, and all          criteria, poor           some criteria,
                 criteria, and all          assembly and               assembly and             assembly and
Specifications
                 assembly and               construction done          construction.            construction poorly
Craftsmanship    construction done          well.                                               implemented.
                 well.

                                      25                       20                          15                       0
                 The egg passenger          The egg passenger          The egg passenger        Our dearly departed
                 survives impact with       survives with minor        survives the impact      egg passenger did not
                 no physical injuries       or zero injuries, but is   with minor or serious    survive the impact.
                 and remains seated         no longer seated in its    injuries and is no
     Test        securely inside the        original position.         longer seated
                 vehicle.                                              securely inside the
                                                                       vehicle.

                                       10                         5                         5                         0


                                                                                  Total
Score______________
                                                                                   (Total Possible – 100)




 Mr. Bitting                           Fleetwood Middle School                         Last Updated - 10/11/2003
            The “Egg”citing Vehicle Design Challenge
                                               Design Brief
The Problem
You are the newly hired Automotive Engineering Team for FMS Motors Inc, a space aged car design company
planning to build and sell the safest automobiles on the road. The CEO of the company, Mr. Bitting, has hired you to
design and build his companies first commercially available vehicle developed to assure the safety of it’s passengers
any impact situation.
Your Task
         To design a vehicle that will safely contain one egg and protect it from a frontal impact by an
         oncoming vehicle. (Also consider the possible other impacts brought on by the frontal impact.)

Criteria & Rules of the Challenge
         Vehicles need to be designed based on your research or real wold-automobile safety features.

         You must record the entire design process using Microsoft PowerPoint. This will include scans of
         your design sketches as well as digital pictures using the classroom camera.

         You will use K’NEX to construct the frame of your vehicle, but you may use other materials for
         the internal safety features upon approval from your CEO, Mr. Bitting.

         The driver/passenger must have an unobstructed 180 degrees field of vision out the front and sides
         of the vehicle.

         Remember, the vehicle’s condition is not the important factor in assessing its success, , as is the
         case in a real accident. The condition of your passenger, or egg, will be assessed immediately
         following the impact. NOTE: Students may have no interaction with the vehicle until the
         instructor has been able to determine the passenger’s physical conditions.

The Process
You will be using the Technological Problem Solving Method to complete your task:
         Day 1 - Independent Work
            o Research (Worksheets)
            o Discuss Findings
            o Brainstorm (Design Sketches)
         Day 2 - Team Work (Team Organization)
            o Brainstorm (Prototype Design)
            o Prototype Construction
            o Prototype Testing
         Day 3 - Team Work
            o Prototype Construction
            o Prototype Design Refinement
            o Final Design Construction
         Day 4 - Classroom Competition
            o Final touch-ups and refinements
            o Competition
            o Completion of Presentation
            o Team Presentations

Note: Students will be required to work on their Design Presentations on Days 2-4 of the project, and will
be assessed on these presentations. Each student will be required to complete a Design Journal entry each
day. Information from these design journals may be used as material for the presentation.

  Mr. Bitting                            Fleetwood Middle School                     Last Updated - 10/11/2003
                           The “Egg”citing Vehicle Design Challenge
                   Automobile Frame Research Worksheet
One of the most important and earliest safety devices of the automotive industry was the design of the
automobile body and frame. This should and will be one of the most important features of your
eggciting vehicle.

In order to research solutions to your problem, please answer the questions below:

 1. What is the body shell (or frame) of a car?




 2. What three jobs are the parts of the body shell (or frame) designed to do?
    1.

    2.

    3.

 Why can “strategic weaknesses” be a strength in vehicle safety?




 In a collision, what are bumpers good for?




 Why do bumpers have spring-loaded shock absorbers?




 What are crumple zones, and what are they good for?




 What is Kinetic Energy?




  Mr. Bitting                        Fleetwood Middle School                 Last Updated - 10/11/2003
    Automobile Frame Research Worksheet
                                 Bibliography Sheet

Please list the names of the web site or sites and resources you used to complete the worksheet
on the front side of this sheet:

         Web Site Name                                      Web Address




 Mr. Bitting                      Fleetwood Middle School              Last Updated - 10/11/2003
                          The “Egg”citing Vehicle Design Challenge
               Interior Safety Features Research Worksheet
You may believe that the interior safety features of modern automobiles will no place in your
design solutions…NOT TRUE! You are required to use K’NEX for the frame of your vehicle,
but may use various other materials to construct the passenger compartment of your vehicle.

To further research your problem, answer the following questions concerning interior
automotive safety features:

 How does a seatbelt work?




 According to the National Highway Traffic and Safety Administration, how many lives a year
 do seatbelts save?


 What is Inertia?




 What is the right way to wear a seatbelt?




 What are the basic, or 3 main parts, to an airbag? Please BRIEFLY describe them.
 1.

 2.

 3.

 By what percent do airbags reduce the risk of dying in a frontal crash?

 Why is it important to wear a safety belt (or seatbelt) even if your vehicle has an airbag?




 Mr. Bitting                       Fleetwood Middle School                 Last Updated - 10/11/2003
  Interior Safety Features Research Worksheet
                                 Bibliography Sheet

Please list the names of the web site or sites and resources you used to complete the worksheet
on the front side of this sheet:

         Web Site Name                                      Web Address




 Mr. Bitting                      Fleetwood Middle School              Last Updated - 10/11/2003
                          The “Egg”citing Vehicle Design Challenge
                      Crash Testing Research Worksheet
Your vehicle will undergo crash testing by your CEO and instructor, Mr. Bitting. The questions
below will help to improve your understanding of crash tests, and how to design your car to
survive the tests.

To further research your problem, answer the following questions concerning crash tests:

  Why have cars been getting safer throughout their history?




  What is the “PERFECT” crash?




  What are Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards?




  What are 3 criteria for frontal crashes used in the 5 star rating system?
  1.

  2.

  3.

  What are 2 criteria for side impact crashes used in the 5 star rating system?
  1.

  2.




 Mr. Bitting                       Fleetwood Middle School                Last Updated - 10/11/2003
               Crash Testing Research Worksheet
                                 Bibliography Sheet

Please list the names of the web site or sites and resources you used to complete the worksheet
on the front side of this sheet:

         Web Site Name                                      Web Address




 Mr. Bitting                      Fleetwood Middle School              Last Updated - 10/11/2003
                             Eggciting Crash Test Vehicle
                       Initial Brainstorming Worksheet
Please provide a minimum of three design concepts using the graph paper blocks below. Please
sketch these designs to scale, considering that each block is equal to 1”. Also provide 3 views
for your design where possible and appropriate.

Design Concept #1




Design Concept #2




 Mr. Bitting                      Fleetwood Middle School              Last Updated - 10/11/2003
Design Concept #3




Design Concept #4




Which is your best design? Please explain why you believe this is the best design.




 Mr. Bitting                      Fleetwood Middle School              Last Updated - 10/11/2003
                            Eggciting Crash Test Vehicle
                       Daily Research & Design Journal
Today we completed the following task/activities:




Today we used the following Internet or paper resources:





Problem(s) we encountered today (if any):








Brainstorming Sketch Area




    Mr. Bitting                Fleetwood Middle School     Last Updated - 10/11/2003

				
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