National Systems for Disaster Management Judy R Thomas Barbados’ National Disaster Coordinator Disaster Management Specialist LEADERS 2006 International Course on Dev

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National Systems for Disaster Management Judy R Thomas Barbados’ National Disaster Coordinator Disaster Management Specialist LEADERS 2006 International Course on Dev Powered By Docstoc
					National Systems for
Disaster Management
            Judy R. Thomas
Barbados’ National Disaster Coordinator
    Disaster Management Specialist
        LEADERS 2006

International Course on
Development and Disasters

PAHO in collaboration with the
University of the West Indies and
CDERA
Presentation Overview
    National Systems for
    Emergency Management
   Evolution of the CEM & IEMS
   The Caribbean System for
    CDM
   Trends and Factors of
    Influence.
   The Way Forward
                 Objectives
    Participants will be able to:
   Define National Disaster Management
    Systems
   Understand the emergency management
    process with such a system
   Compare and contract at least two national
    systems
   Understand the trends and factors that
    influence them
   Explain the importance of networking
      National Emergency
      Management System


   A network of people and
    organisations responsible for
    dealing with emergencies in
    a community/country
          IEMS and CDM

   Conceptual Framework to
    increase emergency
    management capability by
    networking, coordinating,
    linkages, interoperability,
    partnerships and resource
    acquisition
         Comparison of
         IEMS and CDM
 All Hazards Approach

 In All Phases of Disaster
  Cycle
 By All Actors and
  Stakeholders
 Towards the Attainment of
  Mutual Goals
Classification of Disasters

   Attack (conventional/nuclear)

   Internal Disturbances (riots)

   Natural Hazards (met/seismic)

   Technological Hazards( spills)

   Energy Shortages
      Historical Perspective

                Noah /
         First Recorded Flood
   Warning System (telling the
    population)
   Preparedness Action (building
    and Ark)
   Response Action (going into the
    ark)
NOAH’s ARK
    Historical Perspective
    US National Systems
Reference Point – 1960 1970
Transition in Emergency Management

    Cold War: focus on Nuclear
     Attack (Civil Defense) (External)

    Civil Unrest: Aspects of
     Security, Mass Casualty,
     homelessness (internal)

   Alaskan Earthquake
TRENDS OF DIRECTION

   Expanded Scope to include
    Disaster Agents
   Decline in Disaster Assumption
    for Nuclear Planning
   Shift in focus from security to
    viability of local community
   Increased organisations
    involved in Planning
Trends and Direction (1970)

   More Clearly defined Roles and
    Responsibilities
   Focus on Preparedness and
    Training
   Better Integration
   Provision of Organisation,
    Technology, and Management
    skills to cope with Disasters
           BEFOFE CEM

   Agencies operating in State

    Systems were fragmented in

    management styles and focus

    on Individual Roles and

    Responsibilities
     Partners in Emergency
          Management

   National Government at all Levels:
    National/Federal, State, Local.
   Private Sector
   NGOs and CBOs
   Individuals in Communities
   Regional and International
Partners in National System


              Policy
              Direction




        Management
                   Partners
        Structure
    Caribbean Perspectives
        Trends and Factors
   1979 Watershed Year
    Caribbean Health Ministers’
    Mandate. SLU

   Multi-Organizational Project:
    PCDPPP (1980-1990)

   Creation of CDERA (1991)
    Caribbean Perspectives
      Trends and Factors
    Development of National
     Disaster Organisations
    Naming of National Disaster
     Coordinators
    Establishment of NEOCs

    Adoption of Policy/Legislation
Elements of National Systems
   Ministerial Direction
   Disaster Legislation (Policy)
   National Disaster Committee
    (Public Sector & other players)
   Planning Committees
   Work Programme
   Staff
   Budget
    Challenges in the System
   Collective Vision of CDM
   Buy In by Partners
   Staff Levels and competencies
   Adequate Resources
   Insufficient Budget
   Tendency to focus on
    Preparedness and Response
   Lack of capacity to absorb
    Technical Support
     Positive Developments

   Disaster Management as a
    Professional Discipline
   Integration within Institutions of
    Learning
   Increasing Perplexity of Disaster
   Willingness to incorporate
    Lessons Learnt
   Assistance from other
    disciplines
            Summary

   National Systems Lead By
    Governments
   Other Partners importance in
    the design of Systems
   911 & Terrorism CWC & other
    hazards provide awareness and
    resources
   Greater Emphasis Must be On
    Risk Reduction.
Let Us Talk!
 Thank You
For Your Kind
Attention And
Participation

				
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