Z343 Short Report- Urinary Physiology My expectations and a general guide for writing the short report are below. The report will include 2 graphs to present the data. Use pages 5-8 in your lab manual to help you with the report. General information: The report should be about 2 pages maximum (not including graphs) of double-spaced text, in 12 pt font, with minimum 1” margins. Any paper that does not follow these constraints will lose points. Include headings for the different sections of the paper (Objectives, Methods, Results, and Conclusions) and a title at the beginning of the report. You do not need a separate title page. Focus your report on the control, water and salt water treatments. Gatorade and coffee treatments do not need to be included in the graphs and results, but should be discussed in the conclusions. This is a formal writing assignment, thus sentence structure, grammar, spelling, etc., will affect your grade. Please write in complete sentences, avoid contractions, and be as concise, but complete, as possible. Write the report as if it were a paper you are submitting for publication (i.e., do not use any titles from the exercises, or write informally). Turn in your own work. Your data (and graphs) may be the same as the rest of your group, but the report should be solely your work (i.e., in your own words). Points possible: Content = 17 pts + Communication = 13 pts = Total: 30 points Title: 1 point Writing: 5 points Objectives: 3 points Mechanics: 5 points Methods: 3 points Graph: 3 points Results: 4 points Conclusions: 6 points Turning in your write-up: • The short report is due at the beginning of the Week 7 lab. • Late papers will be docked 5% per day late. • Papers will not be accepted after the Week 8 lab begins (i.e., over 1 week late). • Papers must me typed and graphs cannot be hand-drawn Guide to writing: • Title o The title of the report should describe the entire paper in about 10-15 words. This can be similar to the goal of the experiment or even the results. It should NOT be the title of the lab exercises. • Objectives o Include the purpose of the experiments (i.e., questions we are trying to answer) and the goal of performing them as it relates to physiology (i.e., what is the big picture?). o You need only 2-3 sentences here. • Methods o Report what you did clearly and in just enough detail so someone else could repeat your experiment. There is no need to go overboard, so this section should be concise (e.g., your reader can figure out that you made a graph by looking at the Results section). o This section should be just a paragraph long (a few sentences). o Include how you obtained subjects, what the subject was asked to do, what treatments were given, what responses you measured (e.g., what is on your graph axes?), and how you measured them. o Do not simply restate the steps in the lab manual. • Results o Report only your findings, not any interpretation of them. o Describe the trends you see in your graphs (no raw data!). o Reference your table and graphs in the text (e.g., “Grip strength in the dominant arm was related to EMG activity (Figure 1).”) o Whenever reporting measurements, include units. o This section should be 4-5 sentences long. • Conclusions o This is the most important section of the paper where you show me that you understand the physiology behind the results. o Generally, you will answer the question “why” in this section and explain your findings. o If your results are not what you expected, tell me that. What did you expect and why? Why might your results have turned out this way? o This will be the longest section of the paper (possibly an entire page) o You should address the following: How does your body respond to treatments in terms of blood volume and osmolarity? What happens if there is an imbalance between blood and ECF? What happens if you compare excessive water drinking to control? What happens if you compare excessive salt intake to control? How do hormones affect the nephron? • Graphs: o You should make two graphs with the data from this experiment. 1. Change in urine flow (mL/hr) over time (all treatments on one graph). 2. Change in urine concentration over time (all treatments on one graph). o These graphs should both be line graphs, as described on page 7 in your lab manual. o Each graph should have a number (ex: “Figure 1”) and a descriptive title.