Project Proposal for Rural Primary Schools - PDF - PDF

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                  A PROJECT PROPOSAL

                       November, 2009

                   Mekele, Tigrai, Ethiopia
                                  Project Profile

1. Project Title: Supply of Potable Water Facilities in Primary Schools of Tigrai
                  Region, Ethiopia

2. Type of the Project: This project deals with the construction of shallow well
                           water facility in needy primary schools of Tigrai in
                          order to mitigate the lower participation rate and the
                          incidence of water borne diseases within the school
                         community and there by rescue the primary
                      educational system from lower performance

3. The Project Implementing Organization:

       Name of the organization: Tigrai Development Association (TDA)
       Contact person: Ambassador Tewolde Gebru, Executive Director of TDA

       Address:    P. O. Box: 469
                   Telephone: 034-440-63-75/034-440-26-71
                   Cell phone: 0914 30-01-81/0911-20-08-17
                   Fax:        034-440-79-77
                   Town/City: Mekele, Tigrai, Ethiopia

4. Project Location:

       Region: Tigrai
       Zone:     North Western, Western, Central, South Eastern, Eastern and
                 Southern Zones of Tigrai
       District: A total of 46 Weredas

5. Beneficiaries Information:

The direct beneficiaries from availing potable water facility in a First Cycle
Primary School are 400 school going children every year and the indirect
beneficiaries are rural dwellers estimated at 2500. Therefore, there will be a total
of 2900 project beneficiaries.

6. Project Duration: 6 months after grants are secured

7. Total Project Cost: ETB 90,000 (USD 7,200)

1. Executive Summary

Ethiopia, in its walk to ensure Universal Primary Education, has been expanding
primary education in the rural and urban areas throughout the country. The
efforts made to expand primary education has significantly improved access to
primary education which is measured in Gross Enrollment Rate (GER), Net
Enrollment Rate (NER) and Home to School Distance (HSD).

However, despite improving access, the expansion of primary education has
entailed quality related problems. Majority of the primary schools constructed
suffered from problems of shortage of potable water facility.

Tigrai is not different in face of the problems stated above. According to Tigrai
Regional Bureau of Education, the total number of governmental and non
governmental primary schools increased from 1,049 in 2004 to 1,775 in 2008. As
a result, HDS ranged from 3.1 in grade one to 5.06 to grade eight. Whilst access
to primary education has been continuously improving from time to time, there
exists apparent problem of shortage of potable water facility in primary schools
placing heavy challenges to the smooth functioning of the school environment.

The problem is so extensive that covered virtually all the rural schools in Tigrai
and given the resource limitation at the disposal of the Tigrai Regional National
State; it requires the involvement of all development actors. To alleviate the
problem, TDA will continue to work in strong collaboration with donors,
supporters and association members at home and abroad. This project is
proposed to meet the felt need of the rural primary schools of Tigrai for supply of
potable water facility. The average cost for availing potable shallow well water
supply in a primary school is Birr 90,000 (USD 7,200).

2. Special Accomplishment of Tigrai Development Association (TDA) in

Tigrai Development Association (TDA) is a community based civil society
organization registered as a legal NGO in the Ministry of Justice of the Federal
Democratic Republic of Ethiopia in September 1998 by all the Provisions of the
Civil Code of Ethiopia Legal Notice Number 321 of 1960 with a certificate bearing
number of 280 that is renewed every year.

Since its inception in August 1989, TDA implemented over 3,000 projects using
the resources pooled from different sources in the last 20 years. These projects
improved the livelihood of a very plenty number of poor people and thus
contributed to poverty reduction.

Majority of TDA’s commitments are in the areas of education, health and skill
training. However, in line with the thematic area of this proposal, the special
accomplishments of TDA in education sector are outlined as follows:

      TDA dug three deep wells in Kalamino and Selekleka Demonstration and
      Training Centers
      Constructed and furnished 127 primary schools, and started the
      construction of 500 primary schools to convert them from temporary
      makeshift to standard school buildings using the fund generated during
      the successful TDA Telethon event.
      Provided grant to 750 primary schools for the execution of school
      improvement/development plan
      Constructed additional classrooms in 12 secondary schools
      Rehabilitated 16 war affected primary schools
      Conducted school feeding program in 80 drought-affected schools
      Implemented Basic Education system Overhaul (BESO I) and Basic
      Education Strategic Objectives (BESO II) projects for 10 years with the
      assistance of USAID, which benefited over 1,000 primary schools
      Running Community School Partnership Program in 150 primary schools,
      which focuses on education, health and sanitation
      Constructing libraries in 7 secondary schools
      Supplied equipment, chemicals and books to 14 secondary schools
      Initiated and implemented tutorial program in all junior and secondary
      Established and is running one special boarding high school around
      Mekele for talented students
      Constructed and strengthened 11 public libraries
      Renovated and established Internet Cafe in 14 public libraries
      Conducted prize award programs to encourage healthy academic
      competition among students
      Implemented functional adult literacy project among 9,000 adults
      Implemented Ambassador’s Girls’ Scholarship Program to reduce socio-
      cultural impediments of girls’ and women’s success in secondary
      Currently launching a new project to support about 2,000 OVCs in 20
      primary schools with the support from USAID and World Learning

3. Problem statement:

Access to primary education has been increasing from year to year. The number
of governmental and non-governmental primary schools has increased from
1049-1775 within the five years included between 2003/04-2007/08.
Consequently, GER for grade one through grade eight has reached 106.26% for
boys, 105.53% for girls and 105.9% on the average for both sexes. Similarly,
NER has grown to 93.03% for boys, 95.14 for girls and 94.07 % on the average
for both sexes. Home to school distance has also been reduced to a range of 3.1
km in grade one to 5.06 km in grade eight. (TREB: 2008).

The progress achieved in improving access to primary education is primarily
attributable to the commitment of the federal and regional governments, and the
other stakeholders involved in education sector development initiative to achieve
Universal Primary Education (UPE); Goal 2 of the Millennium Development Goal

Nonetheless, according to the official statistics of Tigrai Regional Bureau of
Education (2008), the governmental primary schools operating in Tigrai are
suffering from problem of water facility. Out of the governmental schools 78 % of
them lack potable water facility. The effect of the problem is creating school
environment which is not attractive to school age children.

The absence of potable water facilities is exposing school children to waterborne
diseases. The importance of access to clean water, which is one of the most
important measures of sanitation, cannot be undermined. Generally, waterborne
diseases such as typhoid, cholera, and a wide array of fatal diarrheal ill-nesses
are responsible for the deaths of young children in areas where there is low
access to potable water facility. Most of these diseases and resulting deaths
would be quickly eliminated with safe water supplies.

4. Project Objectives

  A. General (overall) Objective: The overall objective of the project is to
     contribute towards alleviating the problems faced by primary educational
     systems in Tigrai.

  B. Specific Objectives: The specific objective of the project is to create
     conducive learning environments that stimulates increased participation of
     students by 5% at school level every year.

5. Project Strategies

   The project will follow the following strategies.

         -   Use formal biding system to select the least cost contractor for the
             construction of the shallow well water facility based on the TDA’s
             working procedure
         -   Work in collaboration with the regional and respective Wereda
             educational offices for monitoring the progress of project
         -   Implement projects with due consideration to the principles of
             integration and partnership

6. Beneficiaries of the Project

As per the standards of the Tigrai Regional Educational Bureau a First Cycle
Primary School (1-4) is supposed to provide learning opportunities to 400 school
going children. These are direct beneficiaries of the project in terms of using the
improved learning environment created. Nonetheless, an average of 2,500 rural
households dwelling in the villages around the beneficiary primary school will
also be indirect beneficiaries expected to be impacted in terms of having their
livelihoods improved

7. Project Description and Major Activities

The activity of this project is construction of a shallow well facility. To accomplish
this task, TDA will announce formal bidding to get the least cost contractors, who
can construct the water facility in due time and with the standard quality.

Monitoring of the implementation of project activities will be carried on by TDA,
Woreda Education offices and the school administration together with TDA’s
Engineers. In accordance with the reporting terms stated in the project
agreement expected to be signed between TDA and the donor, regular status
report and final/completion report will be submitted to the donor.

8. Project Outputs

             •   One shallow well potable water facility constructed and submitted
                 to the school administration

9. Expected project outcomes

             •   Educational performance and attainment improved
             •   Conducive environment for teaching learning process created

10. Project cost

The average cost for construction of a shallow well facility is Birr 90,000 (USD


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