De Bankrupt People

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					El mundo de los negocios
1.    stock            las acciones
2.    stockholder      el accionista
3.    advertisement    el anuncio
4.    files            los archivos
5.    bankruptcy       bancarrota
6.    to be bankrupt   estar en bancarrota
7.    to go bankrupt   ir a la bancarrota
8.    stock market     la Bolsa
9.    coffeepot        la cafetera
10.   company          la compañia
11.   stockbroker      el corredor de Bolsa
12.   to strike        declararse en huelga
13.   employee         el empleado
14.   corporation      la empresa
15.   to type          escribir a máquina
16.   to export        exportar
El mundo de los negocios [2]
1.    earnings, profits    las ganancias
2.    management           la gerencia
3.    manager, director    el gerente
4.    to import            importar
5.    to print             imprimir
6.    printer              impresora
7.    to invest            invertir
8.    investments          las inversiones
9.    brand (name)         la marca
10.   losses               las pérdidas
11.   to lend              prestar
12.   to borrow            pedir prestado
13.   loan                 el préstamo
14.   secretary            el secretario
15.   labor union          el sindicato
16.   partner, associate   el socio
El dinero
1.    to save                  ahorrar
2.    department store         el almacén
3.    to charge                cobrar
4.    to cash a check          cobrar un cheque
5.    account; bill            la cuenta
6.    checking account         la cuenta corriente
7.    savings account          la cuenta de ahorros
8.    to spend                 gastar
9.    expenses                 los gastos
10.   market                   el mercado
11.   to pay in installments   pagar a plazos
12.   to pay in cash           pagar en efectivo
13.   credit card              la tarjeta de crédito
14.   store                    la tienda
15.
16.
La familia
1.    to fall in love (with)              enamorarse
2.    to be in charge of                  to be in charge (of)
3.    only child                          el hijo único
4.    orphan                              el huérfano
5.    to lead a (happy, difficult) life   llevar una vida feliz, difícil
6.    married couple                      el matrimonio
7.    to spoil (a person)                 mimar
8.    courtship                           el noviazgo
9.    sweetheart; fiancé                  el novio, la novia
10.   couple, partner                     la pareja
11.   to (mis)behave                      portarse bien (mal)
12.   blood                               la sangre
13.   widower                             el viudo
14.   widow                               la viuda
15.
16.
     ponerse - volverse - llegar a ser - hacerse
English to become has several equivalents in Spanish. Use ponerse to
express to become to indicate a change in physical or emotional state.
Ponerse can be followed by an adjective only.
He got (became) sick.                Se puso enfermo.
They’re going to get angry.          Se van a poner furiosos.
Sometimes I turn red.                A veces me pongo colorado.
Volverse also indicates a change in physical or emotional state and is
usually followed by an adjective only. In contrast to ponerse, volverse
signals a sudden, dramatic change, often irreversible. It is frequently
used with natural events to indicate a long-lasting physical change.

He went (became) crazy.             Se volvió loco.
In a few weeks, the caterpillars    En pocas semanas las orugas se
will turn into butterflies.         vuleven mariposas.
When I met him, he was going        Cuando lo conocí, se estaba volviendo
deaf.                               sordo.
     ponerse - volverse - llegar a ser - hacerse
Llegar a ser is used when to become implies to get to be, that is, a
gradual change over a period of time. It does not imply any particular
effort on the part of the subject. It can be followed by either nouns or
adjectives.

She became a famous painter (in      Llegó a ser una pintora famosa.
time).
After many years he became rich.     Después de muchos años llegó a
                                     ser rico.

Hacerse is the most versatile of the Spanish equivalents for to become.
It can be followed by adjectives or nouns. With reference to people,
hacerse implies becoming through conscious effort.

He became a doctor after much         Se hizo médico después de
personal sacrifice.                   muchos sacrificios personales.
He became rich by working day         Se hizo rica trabajando día y
and night..                           noche.

				
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posted:11/22/2010
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