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					                        DIGEST OF
                     LIMITATION ACT
Limitation - A party prevented from doing an act by some circumstances
beyond his control, can do so at the first subsequent opportunity. (HUDA &
Anr. Vs Dr.Babeswar Kanhar & Anr.) 2005(1) Apex Court Judgments 401
(S.C.) : 2005(1) Civil Court Cases 685 (S.C.)

Limitation - A suit which is hit by law of limitation does not require to be
decided on merits. (Amar Kaur Vs Paramjit Kaur) 2003(3) Civil Court Cases
645 (P&H)

Limitation - Suit filed on the last day of limitation, after Court hours, at the
residence of Presiding Officer at 9.00 p.m. - Circular issued by High Court
that Judicial Officers can entertain the suit even on a Court holiday or
beyond the office hours at their residence - Held, suit is filed within
limitation. (Civil Procedure Code, 1908, O.4.R.1). (Jaspal Singh & Anr. Vs
Balbir Singh) 2004(2) Civil Court Cases 588 (P&H)

Limitation - Starting point - Date of commission of offence has to be taken
into consideration while deciding the period of limitation. (O.R.Alavi Vs
Government of A.P. through P.P) 2002(1) Criminal Court Cases 415 (A.P.)

Limitation Act, 1963, S.3 - Limitation - Plea cannot be allowed to defend
justifiable cause. (State of Punjab Vs Surjit Kaur) AIR 2002 P&H 68

Limitation Act, 1963, S.5, Criminal Procedure Code, 1973, S.378(3) -
Condonation of delay - Leave to appeal - Delay of 57 days - Sufficient cause
- Should be considered with pragmatism in justice-oriented approach rather
than the technical detection of sufficient cause for explaining every day's
delay - Order of High Court refusing to condone delay by holding that
merely because AAG did not file appeal inspite of instructions did not
constitute sufficient cause set aside - Delay of 57 days condoned. (State of
Nagaland Vs Lipok AO & Ors.) 2005(2) Criminal Court Cases 422 (S.C.)

Limitation Act, 1963, S.5 - Section 5 of the Limitation Act does not apply
to execution proceedings. (Francis Vs John Britto) 2005(1) Civil Court
Cases 411 (Kerala)
Limitation Act, 1963, S.5 - Delay - Condonation - Affidavits of Revenue
Officer and counsel regarding confusion of date of hearing in First appeal -
Belated knowledge of correct situation - Rejected by High Court - Held,
High Court ought to have taken a liberal and not a rigid and too technical
view of the issue of sufficient cause to condone delay in filing of second
appeal - Delay of 39 days condoned. (Municipal Corporation, Gwalior Vs
Ramcharan (D) by LRs. & Ors.) 2003(1) Apex Court Judgments 277 (S.C.)

Limitation Act, 1963, S.5 - Delay - Condonation - Appellant bonafide
prosecuting revision which was held to be not maintainable - Appeal filed
within one week of dismissal of revision - Delay condoned. (Smt.Mohan
Devi @ Mohini Devi Vs Lrs. of Himmat Lal Menaria) 2005(1) Civil Court
Cases 431 (Rajasthan)

Limitation Act, 1963, S.5 - Delay - Condonation - Correctness of the decree
is not a matter to be gone into at the stage of considering the petition to
condone the delay. (Ramachandran Potti Vs Thankam) 2004(3) Civil Court
Cases 534 (Kerala)

Limitation Act, 1963, S.5 - Delay - Condonation - In absence of proper
application to condone delay Court has no jurisdiction to condone delay.
(Ballumal A.Jaisingh Vs M/s J.J.Builders) 2003(2) Civil Court Cases 656
(Bombay)

Limitation Act, 1963, S.5 - Delay - Condonation - Length of delay is no
matter - Acceptability of explanation is only criterion - Explanation not
smacking of dilatory strategy - In every case of delay there is some lapse on
part of litigant - That alone, not sufficient to refuse to condone delay. (Trilok
Chand Saini Vs The State & Ors.) 2004(2) Civil Court Cases 487
(Rajasthan)

Limitation Act, 1963, S.5 - Delay - Condonation - No express order - Even
then it can be presumed that delay was condoned if in the facts and
circumstances leading to the order gives an indication that the Court had
applied its mind to the application for the condonation of delay and was
convinced that the delay had been convincingly explained. (Bongaigaon
Stores & Anr. Vs Moolchand Kucheria & Ors.) 2004(2) Civil Court Cases
369 (Gauhati)
Limitation Act, 1963, S.5 - Delay - Condonation - Revision against
acquittal - Delay of 296 days due to Departmental delay in dealing with the
case - No ground to condone delay. (District Manager, Markfed Vs Anokh
Singh) 2003(3) Criminal Court Cases 138 (P&H)

Limitation Act, 1963, S.5 - Delay - Condonation - Sufficient cause -
Principles governing are: (i) Ordinarily a litigant does not stand to benefit by
lodging an appeal late; (ii) Refusing to condone delay can result in a
meritorious matter being thrown out at the very threshold and cause of
justice being defeated - As against this when delay is condoned the highest
that can happen is that a cause would be decided on merits after hearing the
parties; (iii) “Every day's delay must be explained” does not mean that a
pedantic approach should be made - The doctrine must be applied in a
rational common sense pragmatic manner; (iv) When substantial justice and
technical considerations are pitted against each other, cause of substantial
justice deserves to be preferred for the other side cannot claim to have vested
right in injustice being done because of a non-deliberate delay; (v) There is
no presumption that delay is occasioned deliberately, or on account of
culpable negligence, or on account of mala fides - A litigant does not stand
to benefit by resorting to delay - In fact, he runs a serious risk; (vi) It must
be grasped that judiciary is respected not on account of its power to legalize
injustice on technical grounds but because it is capable of removing injustice
and is expected to do so. (Grid Co. Ltd. of Orissa Vs N.T.P.C.Ltd. ) 2004(2)
Civil Court Cases 106 (Orissa)

Limitation Act, 1963, S.5 - Delay - Condonation - Whenever an application
for condonation of delay is filed it is to be decided first and if delay is not
condoned then application/appeal/revision cannot be entertained.
(Bongaigaon Stores & Anr. Vs Moolchand Kucheria & Ors.) 2004(2) Civil
Court Cases 369 (Gauhati)

Limitation Act, 1963, S.5 - Delay - Writ petition - Dismissed in view of
compromise memo - Compromise memo not signed by appellants - Even the
signatures of the counsel of appellants is not there - Held, as writ petition
was disposed of in an indefensible manner as such delay condoned and
matter remanded to High Court for disposal on merits. (K.Venkatachala
Bhat & Anr. Vs Krishna Nayak (D) by Lrs. & Ors.) 2005(1) Apex Court
Judgments 692 (S.C.)

Limitation Act, 1963, S.6 & Articles 59 & 60 - Minor - Limitation -
Challenge to decree - Minor can challenge the same within three years of his
becoming major - If he dies during three years of his attaining majority his
L.R's will enter into his shoes and will be entitled to file suit within the
remaining period of three years which was available to the deceased - They
will not get fresh limitation of 12 years or even three years unless it is shown
that decree was the result of fraud not within the knowledge of the deceased
or his representatives. (Rajni Vs Roshni & Anr.) 2005(1) Civil Court Cases
594 (P&H)

Limitation Act, 1963, S.7 - Compromise recorded on 12.4.1960 and no
execution proceedings initiated till 11.4.1964 - New Act came into force
w.e.f. 1.1.1964 - Execution under the new Act not maintainable - Limitation
Act is not retrospective. (Avinash Chander & Anr. Vs Hazura Singh)
2003(1) Civil Court Cases 439 (P&H)

Limitation Act, 1963, S.9 - Mortgage - Redemption - Limitation - Time that
began to run against father cannot be applied to sons at time when they were
not even born. (State of Punjab Vs Surjit Kaur) AIR 2002 P&H 68

Limitation Act, 1963, S.12(2) - Seeking benefit of S.12(2) - No application
is required to be filed seeking benefit of the provision - It is statutory
obligation of the Court to extend the benefit where available. (M/s India
House Vs Kishan N.Lalwani) 2003(1) Apex Court Judgments 139 (S.C.)

Limitation Act, 1963, S.12(2) - Time spent in obtaining copy - Copy not
required to be filed alongwith appeal - Held, time requisite for obtaining
copy of impugned decree, sentence or order is liable to be excluded from
computing period of limitation although such copy may not necessarily be
required to be filed alongwith appeal, application or memo of representation
or review. (M/s India House Vs Kishan N.Lalwani) 2003(1) Apex Court
Judgments 139 (S.C.)

Limitation Act, 1963, S.12(2) - Time spent in obtaining copy - Date of
application and date of delivery of copy, both are to be excluded i.e. period
of limitation is to be found out and then add to the time requisite for
obtaining the copy - the date of application for copy and the date of delivery,
thereof both included and treat the result of addition as the period of
limitation. (M/s India House Vs Kishan N.Lalwani) 2003(1) Apex Court
Judgments 139 (S.C.)
Limitation Act, 1963, S.12(2) - Time spent in obtaining copy - Has to be
excluded without regard to the fact whether the copy was applied for before
the expiry of period of limitation or not. (M/s India House Vs Kishan
N.Lalwani) 2003(1) Apex Court Judgments 139 (S.C.)

Limitation Act, 1963, S.14, Companies Act, 1956, Ss.433 and 434 -
Genuine dispute arising between the parties in respect of part of claim
amount in a winding up petition - Petitioner having pursued the winding up
petition diligently and bona fide, time taken in winding up proceedings
excluded while directing the petitioner to pursue civil remedy available in
law. (Maharashtra State Farming Corporation Ltd. Vs Belapur Sugar &
Allied Industries Ltd.) 2004(3) Civil Court Cases 255 (Bombay)

Limitation Act, 1963, S.14 - Complaint filed in Consumer Forum - Finding
of State Commission that dispute is not governed by Consumer Protection
Act and liberty given to approach civil Court - Held, Consumer Forum is
very much a Court of civil jurisdiction and the proceedings before the
Consumer Forum are civil proceedings - Period spent in litigation in
consumer forum to be excluded. (The City Municipal Corporation, Kolar Vs
S.A.Lateef & Company, V.Kota, Andhra Pradesh) 2005(1) Civil Court
Cases 98 (Karnataka)

Limitation Act, 1963, S.14 - Court allowed plaintiff to file a fresh suit
within a specified date - Even if there is delay in filing suit, plaintiff is
entitled to benefit of S.14 of Limitation Act. (Iqbal Singh (died) by L.R. Vs
A.Sudhakara Rao & Ors.) 2004(2) Civil Court Cases 268 (A.P.)

Limitation Act, 1963, S.14 - In order to attract the provision three
conditions are to be satisfied viz. (1) the petitioner has been prosecuting the
other civil proceeding with due diligence, (2) the earlier proceeding and the
subsequent proceeding must relate to the same matter in issue and (3) earlier
proceeding must have been prosecuted in good faith in a court which from
defect of jurisdiction or other cause of a like nature was unable to entertain
it. (Mac-N-Hom Systems Vs P.S.Varrier) 2004(2) Civil Court Cases 320
(Kerala)

Limitation Act, 1963, S.14 - Proceedings instituted in Superior Court -
Plaint returned to be presented to lower court - It is not a case of want of
jurisdiction - Position is different when a suit which ought to be filed in a
superior court is instituted in the lower court. (J.Venkatramana Reddy Vs
Kanakagari Bhakthavatsalaiah) 2003(3) Civil Court Cases 139 (A.P.)

Limitation Act, 1963, S.14 - Proceedings pending in wrong Court - Period
from date of return of plaint by wrong Court till date of presentation to the
proper Court not to be excluded - Court which returned the plaint has no
power to grant time - Even if wrong Court grants time for representation of
the plaint before a proper Court, it will not save the period of limitation.
(J.Venkatramana Reddy Vs Kanakagari Bhakthavatsalaiah) 2003(3) Civil
Court Cases 139 (A.P.)

Limitation Act, 1963, S.14 - Proceedings pending in wrong Court - Period
from which proceedings was pending from the date of its presentation till the
date of return to be excluded from the total period for the purpose of
computation of      limitation. (J.Venkatramana Reddy Vs Kanakagari
Bhakthavatsalaiah) 2003(3) Civil Court Cases 139 (A.P.)

Limitation Act, 1963, S.14 - Suit filed in wrong Court owing to own
negligence or default - S.14 is not attracted - Even if there is wrong legal
advice and party acted by that advice, that itself is not a ground to get the
benefit of S.14 Limitation Act. (Mac-N-Hom Systems Vs P.S.Varrier)
2004(2) Civil Court Cases 320 (Kerala)

Limitation Act, 1963, S.14(2) - Defects of not only jurisdiction but also
cases where earlier proceedings have failed on account of other causes of
like nature are covered within the purview of the provision. (Union of India
& Ors. Vs West Coast Paper Mills Ltd. & Anr.) 2004(3) Civil Court Cases
250 (S.C.)

Limitation Act, 1963, S.14(2) - Writ petition - Dismissed and it was left
open to seek remedy in a civil suit - Held, period lost during pendency of
writ proceedings is liable to be excluded from computing the period of
limitation u/s 14(2) of Limitation Act. (Union of India & Ors. Vs West Coast
Paper Mills Ltd. & Anr.) 2004(3) Civil Court Cases 250 (S.C.)

Limitation Act, 1963, Ss.14, 29(2), Specific Relief Act, 1963, S.6 - Suit
against dispossession - Provisions of S.14 Limitation Act applies to suit filed
u/s 6 Specific Relief Act. (Pratapsing Ganpatrao Kadam Vs Maruti
Raghunath Todkar) AIR 2003 Bombay 11

Limitation Act, 1963, S.15 - Stay order obtained as to execution of decree -
Period for which there was stay order is to be excluded irrespective of which
party obtained the stay order. (Dilipkumar Vs Industrial Credit &
Development Syndicate Ltd.) AIR 2004 Bombay 117

Limitation Act, 1963, S.15(2), Civil Procedure Code, 1908, S.80(2) -
Permission of Court to file suit before expiry of 60 days after issue of notice
u/s 80 CPC - Tantamounts to permission to dispense with such notice and at
the same time add the notice period of 60 days for getting the limitation
period extended. (Union of India Vs Kerala State Small I.D. &
E.Corporation Ltd.) 2003(1) Civil Court Cases 345 (Kerala)

Limitation Act, 1963, S.18 - Acknowledgment - Bank loan - Amount of
loan not mentioned in the renewal form - Signatures on renewal form
admitted - Held, renewal form is a valid acknowledgment. (Central Bank of
India Vs Prakash Digambar Adhao & Ors.) 2005(1) Civil Court Cases 579
(Bombay)

Limitation Act, 1963, S.18 - Acknowledgment - Extension of period of
limitation - It need not be accompanied by a promise to pay either expressly
or even by implication - However, it must relate to a present subsisting
liability, though the exact nature or the specific character of the said liability
may not be indicated in words - Words used in acknowledgment must
indicate the existence of jural relationship between the parties such as that of
debtor and creditor - Intention to attempt such jural relationship must be
apparent - Such intention can be inferred by implication from the nature of
the admission and need not be expressed in words - Acknowledgment cannot
be inferred where there is no admission so as to fasten liability on the maker
of the statement by an involved or far-fetched process of reasoning. (Food
Corporation of India Vs Assam State Co-operative Marketing & Consumers
Federation Ltd. & Ors.) 2005(1) Apex Court Judgments 510 (S.C.) : 2005(1)
Civil Court Cases 521 (S.C.)

Limitation Act, 1963, S.18 - Acknowledgment - In a subsequent transaction
- Amounts to acknowledgement provided recital is clear about the intention
to admit the jural relationship. (Sangat Singh & Ors. Vs State of Haryana)
2005(2) Civil Court Cases 259 (P&H)

Limitation Act, 1963, S.18 - Acknowledgment - In the typed letter no
reference to the amount due except on one corner it is written in pen
“present outstanding Rs.9551.91 - This writing written subsequently and was
not part of original letter - Defendant denied such writing in his handwriting
- Plaintiff not leading any evidence to prove that the writing is in the hands
of any of the defendant - Such writing not initialled by any person - No
evidence that these words of acknowledgment were written in the hands of
the defendant - The document does not contain an acknowledgement of
liability on behalf of defendant. (State Bank of India Vs. M/s.H.Satish
Hosiery Factory, Modhopuri & Anr.) 2004(2) Civil Court Cases 553 (P&H)

Limitation Act, 1963, S.18 - Acknowledgment - Recital in a document can
be treated as acknowledgement if a clear intention is expressed that the
money was due under the mortgage and mortgagor had a subsisting right of
redemption. (Sangat Singh & Ors. Vs State of Haryana) 2005(2) Civil Court
Cases 259 (P&H)

Limitation Act, 1963, S.19 & Article 19 - Cheque issued and accepted
towards discharge of liability - Subsequent dishonour of cheque serve as a
cause of action for suit. (P.Mohan Vs Basavaraju) 2003(2) Civil Court Cases
406 (Karnataka)

Limitation Act, 1963, S.19 & Art.26 - Part payment - Extension of
limitation - Voucher by which the last payment was deposited not produced
- Where no proof such part payment is produced suit filed after expiry of
limitation period is liable to be dismissed as barred by limitation. (Jugraj
Sethia Vs M.Ramaiah (Deceased) by LRs. & Anr.) 2003(3) Civil Court
Cases 468 (Karnataka) 468

Limitation Act, 1963, S.21 - Suit against one legal heir - Subsequently
having come to know of last testament of deceased, other defendants also
brought on record to represent the estate of the deceased - Their non
inclusion earlier a bona fide mistake - Suit not barred by limitation against
other defendants subsequently impleaded. (Murali Mohan Naidu & Ors. Vs
Iskala Nadi Ramanna & Anr.) 2004(3) Civil Court Cases 133 (A.P.)

Limitation Act, 1963, S.30 - Suit for redemption - Limitation - Period under
Limitation Act, 1963 when shorter than period prescribed under Limitation
Act, 1908 then suit instituted within a period of seven years next after the
commencement of the 1963 Act is within limitation. (Mehnga Singh & Ors.
Vs Gurdial Singh & Ors.) 2004(2) Civil Court Cases 525 (P&H)

Limitation Act, 1963, S.58 - Suit for declaration - Limitation - Declaration
sought that sale certificate issued by Executing Court is illegal, null and void
- Limitation starts to run not from the date of issuance of sale certificate but
from the date there was threat to the title of plaintiff. (Gulzar Singh Vs
Sulakhan Singh & Ors.) 2004(3) Civil Court Cases 340 (P&H)

Limitation Act, 1963, Art.21 - Failure to pay instalment of principal
amount and interest thereon on due date - Cause of action accrues to plaintiff
on date when recall notice is served on defendant - Suit filed within three
years from date of service of recall notice - Not barred by limitation. (The
H.P. State Industrial Development Corp. Vs Kesri Roller Flour Mills) AIR
2002 H.P. 34

Limitation Act, 1963, Article 42, Contract Act, 1872, S.126 - Counter
guarantee - Given by party to Bank who gave guarantee to creditor on behalf
of principal debtor - Limitation for Bank to file suit against party which gave
counter guarantee starts running on date on which Bank liquidated its
liability under its Bank guarantee in terms of decree passed against it - Suit
filed within three years from that date - Suit is not barred by limitation.
(Karnataka State Industrial Investment and Development Corporation
Limited Vs State Bank of India & Anr.) 2004(3) Civil Court Cases 653
(Karnataka)

Limitation Act, 1963, Art.52 - Arrears of rent - Suit for recovery -
Limitation is three years from the date when the arrears become due -
Pendency of petition for fixation of fair rent does not preclude the landlord
to recover the contractual rent. (Sundaram Vs Rajeev) 2004(2) Civil Court
Cases 718 (Kerala)

Limitation Act, 1963, Art.54 - Suit for specific performance - Limitation -
No specific date fixed for execution of sale deed but the same was to be
executed within six months of sanctioning of mutation in favour of vendor -
Limitation would commence from date of sanction of mutation. (Ranjana
Nagpal alias Ranjana Malik Vs Devi Ram) 2003(1) Civil Court Cases 93
(H.P.)

Limitation Act, 1963, Art.54 - Suit for specific performance - Limitation -
Time of 3 years fixed from date of agreement - Period of limitation will start
to run after 3 years from date of agreement - Question of refusal to perform
the contract and plaintiff having notice thereof is not material as time was
fixed for performance. (Korada Appalanarsamma Vs Kinthali) AIR 2003
A.P. 294

Limitation Act, 1963, Art.54 - Agreement to sell - Limitation - Three years
- Such period is to be reckoned from the date fixed for performance of the
contract and in case no date for such performance is fixed, then from the
date the plaintiff has noticed that performance is refused. (Limitation Act,
1963, Art.54). (Rajana Nagpal alias Ranjana Malik Vs Devi Ram) 2003(2)
Civil Court Cases 127 (H.P.)

Limitation Act, 1963, Art.55, Ss.22, 23 - Breach of contract - When the
case is not of continuing breach of contract, suit is to be filed within three
years of breach of contract. (Atul Industrial Agencies Vs G.D.Gupta & Anr.)
2004(3) Civil Court Cases 143 (Rajasthan)

Limitation Act, 1963, Art.55 - Breach of contract - Suit for compensation -
Limitation - Starting point of limitation is when the contract is broken.
(Delta Foundations & Constrictions Vs Kerala State Constructions
Corporation Ltd.) 2003(2) Civil Court Cases 297 (Kerala)

Limitation Act, 1963, Art.56- Adverse entry in revenue record - Suit for
correction - Limitation - Plaintiff if is in possession then cause of action
arises not when wrong entries were made but on the day when there is a
fresh denial of the plaintiff's rights. (Naraini Devi & Ors. Vs Surinder
Kumar & Ors.) 2004(2) Civil Court Cases 680 (P&H)

Limitation Act, 1963, Art.58 - Suit for title - Wrong mutation entry -
Starting point of limitation - Limitation to file suit is three years - Starting
point of limitation is not from the day when wrong mutation entry was made
but from the day when right to sue first accrues i.e. when real threat to title is
apprehended. (Manti & Ors. Vs Sarwati Devi & Ors.) 2004(2) Civil Court
Cases 233 (P&H)

Limitation Act, 1963, Art.61 - Suit for enforcement of mortgage and
recovery of mortgage dues filed by mortgagee - Question of limitation does
not arise - Right of redemption of mortgage in a suit for foreclosure subsists
till final decree debarring mortgagor from all rights to redeem the mortgage
property has been passed. (Pranil Kumar Sett Vs Kishorilal Bysack) AIR
2003 Calcutta 1

Limitation Act, 1963, Art.61(a) - Suit for redemption of mortgage - Has to
be filed within 30 years - Limitation of 30 years is for filing suit and not for
payment of money - Right to redeem mortgage is not extinguished merely
because the mortgage money is not paid or deposited within 30 years.
(Govindan Nair Vs Abraham) 2003(1) Civil Court Cases 206 (Kerala)

Limitation Act, 1963, Art.64, 65 - Suit for declaration and possession filed
in 1955 - Defendant alleged to have taken forcible possession in 1949 -
Defendants however claimed to be in possession since 1928 - Courts below
found plaintiff to be owner but had lost title as defendants had perfected
their title by adverse possession - No evidence that predecessors of
defendant ever surrendered possession of house to predecessors of plaintiff
at any point of time - Plaintiff's criminal case alleging defendants to have
trespassed into suit house in 1949 ended in acquittal with finding that
defendants were already in possession of the house - Suit is clearly barred by
limitation. (Tej Narain & Anr. Vs Shanti Swaroop Bohre & Anr.) 2005(1)
Civil Court Cases 478 (S.C.) : 2005(1) Apex Court Judgments 565 (S.C.)

Limitation Act, 1963, Arts.64, 65 - Applicability of two provisions -
Article 64 is restricted to suits for possession on dispossession or
discontinuance of possession - Article 65 is a residuary article applying to
suits for possession not otherwise provided for - Suit based on plaintiff's title
in which there is no allegation of prior possession and subsequent
dispossession alone can fall within article 65 - Question as to which article
applies can only be decided by reference to pleadings - Plaintiff cannot
invoke article 65 by suppressing material facts. (Ramiah Vs N.Narayana
Reddy (Dead) by L.Rs.) 2005(1) Civil Court Cases 178 (S.C.)

Limitation Act, 1963, Art.65, Transfer of Property Act, 1882, S.3(26) -
“Nasban” rights in the trees - Trees attached to earth, except `standing
timber' are immovable property - Principles of adverse possession are
applicable to the `Nasban' rights to such trees. (Kulwant Singh Vs Phula
Singh) 2004(2) Civil Court Cases 156 (P&H)

Limitation Act, 1963, Art.65 - Adverse possession - Animus possidendi is
required to be proved to be successful to claim adverse possession.
(Md.Mohammad Ali (Dead) by Lrs. Vs Sri Jagadish Kalita & Ors.) 2003(2)
Apex Court Judgments 473 (S.C.)

Limitation Act, 1963, Art.65 - Adverse possession - Enjoyment of property
as his own for more than 12 years before the date of suit - If true owner does
not take any action within the period of limitation then it can be said that
person in possession has perfected his title by adverse possession as the
three conditions of 'peaceful', 'open' and 'continuous' possession to constitute
adverse possession are satisfied. (Devaki Pillai Vs Gouri Amma) 2003(2)
Civil Court Cases 65 (Kerala)

Limitation Act, 1963, Art.65 - Adverse possession - Permissible possession
under an invalid document - Possession even under document inadmissible
in evidence becomes adverse to the true owner especially when the
possession is an indicator of ouster of the true owner - However, mere
cutting of grass, tethering of cattle or dumping of rubbish is not sufficient to
establish adverse possession. (Kulwant Singh Vs Phula Singh) 2004(2) Civil
Court Cases 156 (P&H)

Limitation Act, 1963, Art.65 - Adverse possession - Plaintiff claiming title
- Alternative plea of adverse possession - Maintainable. (P.Subramania
Chettiar Vs Amirtham) AIR 2003 Madras 153

Limitation Act, 1963, Art.65 - Adverse possession - Strip of land kept joint
by ancestors of parties for purpose of passage - No claim of right over
disputed land as an easement - Thus suit filed for declaration of joint title
over disputed land within 12 years from date of cause of action - Not barred
by Limitation. (Brajaraj Mishra Vs Ananda Chandra Mishra) AIR 2002
Orissa 205

Limitation Act, 1963, Article 65 - Collusive decree - Son had no right to
challenge the alienation of property by his father during his life time - Suit
filed within three years of the death of father - Held, suit is within time.
(Nachhattar Singh & Anr. Vs Jangir Singh & Ors.) 2005(2) Civil Court
Cases 353 (P&H)

Limitation Act, 1963, Art.65 - Suit for possession on the basis of title under
encroachment by defendant - No specific pleading by defendant as to on
what date he came into possession and what was the nature of his possession
- No clear assertion of hostile title by defendant - Plea that suit is barred by
limitation, rejected. (Sukhdeo Parashramji Bhugul Vs Wamanrao Nagorao
Charhat) 2004(3) Civil Court Cases 333 (Bombay)

Limitation Act, 1963, Art.65 - Suit governed by Art.65 - In order to
succeed plaintiff has to prove his title - It is not necessary for him to prove
that he was in possession within 12 years preceding the filing of suit - On the
contrary, it is for the defendant so to prove if he wants to defeat the
plaintiff's claim to establish title by adverse possession. (Md.Mohammadali
(Dead) By Lrs. Vs Jagadish Kalita & Ors.) 2004(2) Civil Court Cases 387
(S.C.)

Limitation Act, 1963, Arts.65, 110 - Suit for partition - One of defendants
claiming to be adopted son of deceased owner and that entire suit property is
bequeathed to him by deceased owner - Property mutated in his name on
basis of Will - Held, it is not necessary to file suit within 3 years of date of
mutation or of date of written statement claiming title on basis of Will -
Period of limitation is 12 years. (Daya Devi Vs Angoori Devi) AIR 2002
Delhi 295

Limitation Act, 1963, Arts.69, 70 - Suit for recovery of property namely
jewels deposited by owner with the defendant to be shred by heirs of owner -
Art.70 and not Art.69 applies. (T.G.Rajamani Mudaliar Vs T.G.Ekambara
Mudaliar) AIR 2002 Madras 185

Limitation Act, 1963, Art.127, S.5, Civil Procedure Code, 1908,
O.21.R.89 - Auction sale - Setting aside - Petition to be filed within 60 days
- S.5 of Limitation Act does not apply to execution proceedings - Petition
filed after 60 days is not maintainable. (Francis Vs John Britto) 2005(1)
Civil Court Cases 411 (Kerala)

Limitation Act, 1963, Art.134, Civil Procedure Code, 1908, O.21.R.90 -
Auction purchaser - Delivery of possession - Limitation of one year - Starts
to run when the sale becomes absolute - Sale confirmed during pendency of
objections U.O.21.R.90 - Period of one year starts to run not when sale was
confirmed but from the day when objections were finally dismissed. (Indian
Bank Vs Deepak Verma & Ors.) 2003(3) Civil Court Cases 501 (H.P.)

Limitation Act, 1963, Art.135, Civil Procedure Code, 1908, O.41.R.5 -
Execution - Mandatory decree - Appeal against - Merely filing of an appeal
does not amount to stay or mere institution of appeal does not prevent D.H.
to execute the decree unless appellate Court puts an embargo the decree is
executable - If the appellate Court stays the execution proceedings then
period of stay is to be computed and excluded from the period of limitation
for execution of the decree. (Moman Vs Munshi) 2003(2) Civil Court Cases
90 (Rajasthan)
Limitation Act, 1963, Art.135 - Execution - Limitation - Starts from date of
appellate Court decree and not from trial Court decree. (P.T.Xavier Vs
Lucy) AIR 2002 Kerala 146

Limitation Act, 1963, Art.136, S.15(1) - Execution - Limitation -
Deductions for period for which proceedings had been stayed - Permissible
irrespective of the fact as to who had obtained such stay order from the
Court. (Dilipkumar Chimanlal Maniar & Ors. Vs Industrial Credit and
Development Syndicate Limited & Ors.) 2004(2) Civil Court Cases 540
(Bombay)

Limitation Act, 1963, Art.136 - Decree - Execution - Limitation - 12 years
- In case of amendment of decree enforceability of decree shall commence
from the date the decree is amended. (Akkayanaicker Vs
A.A.A.Kotchadainaidu & Anr.) 2005(1) Civil Court Cases 01 (S.C.)

Limitation Act, 1963, Art.136 - Decree - Execution - Limitation - Decree
passed in 1973 and execution filed in 1973 - Proceedings closed and
adjourned sine die due to Tamil Nadu Indebted Agriculturists (Temporary
Relief) Act, 1975 came into force and continued till Act No.10 of 1978 came
into force and provided for scaling down of debts obtained by Agriculturists
- Decree scaled down on 18.10.1979 - It is amended decree which is
enforceable - Execution filed on 18.9.1989 is within the period of limitation.
(Akkayanaicker Vs A.A.A.Kotchadainaidu & Anr.) 2005(1) Civil Court
Cases 01 (S.C.)

Limitation Act, 1963, Art.136 - Execution - Third application filed beyond
period of limitation - Cannot be said to be in continuation of the previous
two application when the first application was dismissed for non prosecution
and second application was dismissed for non filing of process fee - Held,
third application filed beyond limitation is not maintainable and has been
rightly dismissed by Executing Court. (State Bank of India Vs M/s.Day Old
Farm & Ors.) 2005(1) Civil Court Cases 815 (P&H)

Limitation Act, 1963, Art.136 - Execution - Limitation - 12 years -
Computation - Period during which D.H. was restrained from executing
decree to be excluded - When such suit is dismissed for default and the suit
is restored then all interlocutory orders passed therein also revive - The
period of pendency of suit till it was finally decided is to be excluded in
computing the period of limitation for filing the execution. (Vareed Jacob Vs
Sosamma Geevarghese & Ors.) 2004(2) Civil Court Cases 365 (S.C.)

Limitation Act, 1963, Art.136 - Execution - Limitation - 12 years - Starts to
run from the date of decree/order of appellate Court and not the date of
decree of trial Court even if appeal is dismissed. (Baba Balbir Singh Vs Ram
Kishan Chela Budh Dass) 2003(2) Civil Court Cases 273 (P&H)

Limitation Act, 1963, Article 136 - Execution - Third application filed
beyond period of limitation - Cannot be said to be in continuation of the
previous two application when the first application was dismissed for non
prosecution and second application was dismissed for non filing of process
fee - Held, third application filed beyond limitation is not maintainable and
has been rightly dismissed by Executing Court. (State Bank of India Vs
M/s.Day Old Farm & Ors.) 2005(1) Civil Court Cases 815 (P&H)

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