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Chris Cornell

Chris Cornell
Chris Cornell Website www.chriscornell.com

Chris Cornell (born Christopher John Boyle on July 20, 1964) is an American rock musician best known as the lead singer and songwriter for the rock bands Soundgarden (1984–1997) and Audioslave (2001–2007), and for his numerous solo works and soundtrack contributions (1998–present). He is known for his wide four octave vocal range,[1][2] and powerful vocal belting technique. He was the founder and frontman for Temple of the Dog, the one-off tribute band dedicated to his former roommate, Andrew Wood. He has released three solo studio albums, Euphoria Morning (1999), Carry On (2007), and Scream (2009).

Biography
Early life
Cornell was born and raised in Seattle, Washington and attended Shorewood High School. His parents are Ed Boyle (a pharmacist from Chris Cornell performing live at the Montreux Jazz Festival, 2005 an Irish Catholic background) and Karen CorBackground information nell (an accountant from a Jewish background).[3][4] He has five siblings; older Christopher John Boyle Birth name brothers Peter and Patrick, and younger sisJuly 20, 1964 (1964-07-20) Born ters Katy, Suzy, and Maggie. Cornell spent a two-year period between Seattle, Washington, U.S. Origin the ages of nine and eleven solidly listening Alternative metal, alternative rock, Genre(s) to The Beatles after finding a large collection grunge, heavy metal, hard rock, R&B of Beatles records abandoned in the baseOccupation(s) Singer-songwriter, musician, vocalist ment of a house. He then suffered from a Instrument(s) Vocals, guitar, piano, drums, bass, severe case of clinical depression during his teenage years, rarely leaving the house. At mandolin, banjo one point, he spent a whole year of his life Low Tenor Voice type(s) without leaving his house, during which time 1984–present Years active he would spend his time drinking and playing drums and guitar.[5] Before becoming a sucSST Records (1984-1988) Label(s) cessful musician, he worked at a seafood Sub Pop/A&M (1989-2000) wholesaler and was a sous chef at a restaurEpic (2001-2005) Suretone/Interscope (2007) ant named Ray’s Boathouse.[6]
Mosley Music/Interscope (2008-present)

Soundgarden (1984–1997)

Associated acts

Soundgarden, Center for Disease Soundgarden was formed in 1984 by Chris Control Boys, Temple of the Dog, Cornell, Kim Thayil and Hiro Yamamoto, with Alice Mudgarden, M.A.C.C., Cornell originally on drums and vocals. In Audioslave

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1985, the band enlisted Scott Sundquist to allow Cornell to concentrate on vocals.[7] The band’s first recordings were three songs that appeared on a compilation for C/Z Records called Deep Six. In 1986, Sundquist, who by that point had a wife and a child, decided to leave the band and spend time with his family.[8] He was replaced by Matt Cameron, the drummer for Skin Yard, who became Soundgarden’s permanent drummer. Soundgarden signed to Sub Pop, releasing the Screaming Life EP in 1987 and the Fopp EP in 1988 (a combination of the two was issued as Screaming Life/Fopp in 1990). Though the band was being courted by major labels, in 1988 they signed to SST Records to release their debut album, Ultramega OK (1988), for which they earned a Grammy Award nomination for Best Metal Performance in 1990.[9] The band subsequently signed with A&M Records, becoming the first grunge band to sign to a major label. In 1989, the band released their second effort, and their first for a major label, Louder Than Love. Following the release of Louder Than Love, Yamamoto left the band to finish his Master’s degree in Physical Chemistry at Western Washington University. He was replaced by former Nirvana guitarist Jason Everman. Everman was fired following Soundgarden’s tour supporting Louder Than Love. In 1990, the band was joined by a new bassist, Ben Shepherd.

Chris Cornell
Shepherd, the new line-up recorded Badmotorfinger in 1991. The album brought the band to a new level of commercial success, and Soundgarden found itself amidst the sudden popularity and attention given to the Seattle music scene. Badmotorfinger included the singles "Jesus Christ Pose", "Outshined", and "Rusty Cage". The three singles gained considerable airtime on alternative rock radio stations, while the videos for "Outshined" and "Rusty Cage" gained considerable airtime on MTV. The song "Jesus Christ Pose" and its music video was the subject of widespread controversy in 1991, and the video was removed from MTV’s playlist. "Rusty Cage" was later covered by Johnny Cash on his 1996 album, Unchained. It also appeared on the fictional radio station Radio X on the video game Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas and in the 32-bit version of Road Rash. "Room a Thousand Years Wide" was released previously as a single in 1990, but not to promote the album. It was released (with the song "HIV Baby") as a 7" through Sub Pop’s Single of the Month club a full year before the release of Badmotorfinger. The song was re-recorded for this album. Badmotorfinger was nominated for a Grammy Award for Best Metal Performance in 1992.[9] It was also ranked number 45 in the October 2006 issue of Guitar World on the magazine’s list of the 100 greatest guitar albums of all time.[10] Superunknown became the band’s breakthrough album. Upon its release in March 1994, Superunknown debuted at number one on the Billboard 200.[11] The album launched several successful singles, including "Spoonman" and "Black Hole Sun", and granted Soundgarden international recognition. Superunknown achieved quintuple platinum status in the United States,[12] triple platinum status in Canada,[13] and gold status in the United Kingdom,[14] Sweden,[15] and the Netherlands.[16] Rolling Stone gave Superunknown four out of five stars. Reviewer J.D. Considine said Superunknown "demonstrates far greater range than many bands manage in an entire career." He also stated, "At its best, Superunknown offers a more harrowing depiction of alienation and despair than anything on In Utero." Considine criticized "Black Hole Sun" and "Half", stating that the former is "not a very good song" while the latter "is the virtual definition of a B-side."[17] Jon Pareles of The New York Times said that

Soundgarden in 1991, left to right: Kim Thayil, Matt Cameron, Chris Cornell and Ben Shepherd Along with Nirvana, Alice in Chains and Pearl Jam, Soundgarden became one of the most successful bands from Seattle’s emerging grunge scene in the early 1990s. With

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"Superunknown actually tries to broaden its audience by breaking heavy-metal genre barriers that Soundgarden used to accept." He added that "Soundgarden...want[s] something different from standard heavy metal."[18] David Browne of Entertainment Weekly gave the album an A. He said, "Soundgarden is pumped and primed on Superunknown, and they deliver the goods." He praised it as a "hard-rock milestone-a boiling vat of volcanic power, record-making smarts, and ’90s anomie and anxiety that sets a new standard for anything called metal."[19] The album was nominated for the Grammy Award for Best Rock Album in 1995.[20] Two singles from Superunknown, "Black Hole Sun" and "Spoonman", won Grammy Awards, and the music video for "Black Hole Sun" won a MTV Video Music Award and a Clio Award.[9][21] Superunknown was ranked number 336 on Rolling Stone magazine’s list of the 500 greatest albums of all time,[22] and "Black Hole Sun" was ranked number 25 on VH1’s list of the 100 greatest songs of the ’90s.[23] The band’s final album was 1996’s self-produced Down on the Upside. The album spawned several singles, including "Pretty Noose", "Blow Up the Outside World", and "Burden in My Hand". The album was notably less heavy than the group’s preceding albums, and marked a further departure from the band’s grunge roots. Soundgarden explained at the time that it wanted to experiment with other sounds.[24] David Browne of Entertainment Weekly said, "Few bands since Led Zeppelin have so crisply mixed instruments both acoustic and electric."[25] However, tensions within the group arose during the sessions, with Thayil and Cornell reportedly clashing over Cornell’s desire to shift away from the heavy guitar riffing that had become the band’s trademark.[26] Despite favorable reviews, the album did not match the sales of Superunknown.[12] In 1997, Soundgarden received another Grammy nomination, for the lead single "Pretty Noose".[27] Due to tensions within the band, reportedly due to internal strife over its creative direction, Soundgarden announced it was disbanding on April 9, 1997. In a 1998 interview, Thayil said, "It was pretty obvious from everybody’s general attitude over the course of the previous half year that there was some dissatisfaction."[28] Regarding a future Soundgarden reunion, Cornell stated that it would "probably not

Chris Cornell
happen." He continued, "It’s almost like we sealed the lid and said, this is Soundgarden and this is its lifespan, and put it out there."[29] In interviews following his departure from Audioslave, Cornell reiterated that the members of Soundgarden had no interest in reuniting.[30] In an interview in early August 2007, Cornell mentioned that Thayil had wanted to release a box set or B-sides album of Soundgarden rarities, although no further information was given.[31]

Solo career (1998–2000)
In 1998, Cornell began working on material for a solo album on which he collaborated with Alain Johannes and Natasha Shneider of the band Eleven. The album, entitled Euphoria Morning, was released on September 21, 1999. The album proved commercially unsuccessful although the album’s single "Can’t Change Me" was nominated for Best Male Rock Vocal Performance at the 2000 Grammy Awards.[32] Euphoria Morning includes "Wave Goodbye", Cornell’s tribute to his late friend Jeff Buckley. It has been noted that Euphoria Morning is influenced by Buckley’s songwriting and distinctive vocal style. He also contributed the song "Sunshower" (a bonus track on the Japanese release of Euphoria Morning) to the soundtrack of the 1998 film, Great Expectations, and a reworked version of the track "Mission", retitled "Mission 2000", was used on the soundtrack to the 2000 film, Mission: Impossible II. In 2000, Cornell embarked on a tour in support of the album.

Audioslave (2001–2007)
Audioslave was formed after Zack de la Rocha left Rage Against the Machine and the remaining members were searching for another vocalist. Producer and friend Rick Rubin suggested that they contact Cornell. Rubin played the remaining Rage Against the Machine band members the Soundgarden song "Slaves & Bulldozers" to showcase his ability. Cornell was in the writing process of a second solo album, but decided to shelve that and pursue the opportunity to work with Tom Morello, Tim Commerford and Brad Wilk when they approached him. Morello described Cornell: "He stepped to the microphone and sang the song and I couldn’t believe it. It didn’t just sound good. It didn’t sound great. It sounded transcendent. And...

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when there is an irreplaceable chemistry from the first moment, you can’t deny it."[33] The quartet wrote 21 songs during 19 days of rehearsal and began working in the studio in late May 2001.[34][35] Their debut album, Audioslave, released in November 2002, spawned hits such as "Cochise", "Like a Stone" and "Show Me How to Live", and has reached triple platinum status in the United States. The band was nearly derailed before the album’s release; Cornell was going through alcohol problems and a slot on the Ozzfest tour was canceled.[6] During this time, there was a rumor that Cornell had checked himself into drug rehabilitation. He later confirmed it in an interview with Metal Hammer that was conducted from a clinic payphone.[37] In a San Diego CityBeat article, Cornell explained that he went through "a horrible personal crisis" during the making of the first record, staying in rehab for two months and separating from his wife.[38] The problems were ironed out and he has remained sober since this time. The band toured through 2003, before resting in 2004 to record their second album. Audioslave’s second album, Out of Exile, was released in May 2005 and debuted at number one on the U.S. charts. The album has since gone on to achieve platinum status. The album features the singles "Be Yourself", "Doesn’t Remind Me", "Out of Exile" and "Your Time Has Come". Cornell admitted to writing his most personal songs ever on this album, influenced by the positive changes in his life since 2002.[39] He also described the album as more varied than the debut and relying less on heavy guitar riffs.[38] Critics initially described Audioslave as an amalgamation of Rage Against the Machine and Soundgarden,[40] but by the band’s second album, Out of Exile, noted that they had established a separate identity. The album was received more favorably than Audioslave’s debut; critics noted Cornell’s stronger vocals, likely the result of quitting smoking and drinking,[41] and pointed out that Out of Exile is "the sound of a band coming into its own."[42] Allmusic praised the album as "lean, hard, strong, and memorable."[43] The lyrics, however, were still a common complaint, musicOMH.com wrote that Cornell’s lyrics "continue to border on the ridiculous."[44] On May 6, 2005, Audioslave played a free show in Havana, Cuba.[45] Audioslave became the first American rock group to

Chris Cornell
perform a concert in Cuba, playing in front of an audience of 70,000.[46] The band traveled to Havana on May 4 to interact with Cuban musicians.[47] Cornell commented: "Hopefully, this concert will help to open the musical borders between our two countries." The 26-song set concert was the longest the band had ever played.[48] In early 2006 the band returned, recording their third album as they had written most of the material during the tour. The band released the album, titled Revelations, in September 2006. For Revelations, which was influenced by 1960s and 70s music, Cornell adopted his "seventies funk and R&B-flavor vocals."[50] The first two singles were "Original Fire" and "Revelations". Two of the songs from the third album, "Shape of Things to Come" and "Wide Awake" were also prominently featured in Michael Mann’s 2006 film, Miami Vice, prior to the release of the album. Despite the exposure to other forms of media and the positive critical buzz for their third album, Audioslave did not tour behind the release. They went into hiatus to allow Cornell to complete "You Know My Name", the theme song for the 2006 James Bond film, Casino Royale, and Morello to pursue his own solo work under the moniker of The Nightwatchman.[51] All of Audioslave’s lyrics were written by Cornell, while all four members were credited with writing the music. Their songwriting process was described by Wilk as "more collaborative" and "satisfying" than Rage Against the Machine’s, which was "a battle creatively." Cornell, for his part, saw Soundgarden’s songwriting method as inferior to Audioslave’s.[52][53] Cornell’s lyrics were mostly apolitical; Audioslave’s Morello referred to them as "haunted, existential poetry."[54] They were characterized by his cryptic approach, often dealing with themes of existentialism,[55] love, hedonism,[56] spirituality and Christianity.[54] Cornell’s battle with drug addiction and alcoholism was a defining factor in the writing and recording process. Even though the singer admitted that he was "never able to write effectively" while drinking,[57] and attended rehab after recording the debut album, Morello stated that Revelations was "the first record [Cornell] didn’t smoke, drink or take drugs through the recording."[58] However, Morello said: "Chris was stone sober during the making of our Out of Exile album. Chris was also sober

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during the making of Revelations and prior to recording he gave up smoking as well. I apologize for any confusion or concern that was stirred up by the original article. Sobriety can be a matter of life or death and Chris’ courage in maintaining his health for years has been an inspiration."[59] News about Cornell’s departure emerged in July 2006, when insiders stated that after the third album he would split for a solo career. The singer immediately denied the rumors, stating "We hear rumors that Audioslave is breaking up all the time. ... I always just ignore [them]."[60] On February 15, 2007, Cornell officially announced his departure from Audioslave, stating that "Due to irresolvable personality conflicts as well as musical differences, I am permanently leaving the band Audioslave. I wish the other three members nothing but the best in all of their future endeavors."[61] As the other three members were busy with the Rage Against the Machine reunion, and Morello and Cornell had each released solo albums in 2007, Audioslave was officially disbanded.[62]

Chris Cornell
on September 7, 2006 at O-Baren in Stockholm, is widely available for download under the title Chris Cornell: Unplugged in Sweden. A promotional CD for his solo album, Carry On, was released in March 2007, entitled The Roads We Choose - A Retrospective. The 17-song CD included songs from Soundgarden, Temple of the Dog, Audioslave and Cornell’s solo work. On June 5, 2007 Cornell released his second solo album, Carry On, produced by Steve Lillywhite. It debuted at number 17 on the American Billboard charts. Among the artists who accompanied him on his second solo release was friend Gary Lucas, who contributed acoustic guitar to some of the tracks. Cornell has stated that he is always writing, and that there are some songs that he was not able to put onto an Audioslave album.[68] While recording his second solo album, Cornell was involved in a motorcycle accident.[69] He was apparently "rear-ended by a truck in L.A.’s Studio City while riding his motorcycle" and "catapulted 20 feet into the air." He was able to walk away from the accident, but had severe cuts and bruises. He returned to the studio later that day.

Solo revival (2007–present)
Cornell and composer David Arnold collaborated on the song "You Know My Name", which Cornell co-wrote and performed and which accompanies the opening titles for the 2006 James Bond film, Casino Royale.[63] "You Know My Name" is the first theme song since 1983’s Octopussy to use a different title than the film, the first ever sung by a male American, and the first ever title theme song that did not appear on the soundtrack album. Cornell is the first male performer since a-ha in 1987’s The Living Daylights. It is the fourth title theme after Dr. No, On Her Majesty’s Secret Service and Octopussy, that does not make any reference to the title of the film.[64] "You Know My Name" won a 2006 Satellite Award in the category of Best Original Song,[65] and a 2007 World Soundtrack Award in the category of Best Original Song Written Directly for a Film.[66] The song was also nominated for Best Song Written for a Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media at the 2008 Grammy Awards.[67] This song became the first song recorded for his solo album, which he began work on in 2007. Though not officially released onto CD, an hour-long acoustic concert Cornell performed

Cornell performing live in Melkweg in Amsterdam, the Netherlands.

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In 2007, Cornell appeared as support to Aerosmith on at least two legs of their 2007 world tour[70] — Dublin, London, and Hyde Park — and to Linkin Park in Australia and New Zealand.[71] These shows formed part of his own ongoing world tour which began in April 2007 and continued into 2008. Cornell has described his touring band — comprising guitarists Yogi Lonich and Peter Thorn, bassist Corey McCormick and drummer Jason Sutter — as "musicians that could get the whole picture" playing music by Soundgarden and Audioslave, as well as his solo material.[72] In 2008, Cornell was featured on the Main Stage of Linkin Park’s Projekt Revolution tour. Joining Linkin Park and Cornell on the Main Stage were Busta Rhymes, The Bravery, and Ashes Divide. The Revolution Stage featured Atreyu, 10 Years, Hawthorne Heights, Armor for Sleep, and Street Drum Corps. During this tour, Cornell has stated that he plans to "jump on stage" with other artists as the opportunity arises; this may set the stage for future Cornell collaborations, outside of his work with Timbaland. Throughout the tour, Cornell collaborated with Chester Bennington from Linkin Park while performing "Hunger Strike", and with Street Drum Corps for a number of his Soundgarden tracks. While Linkin Park would perform their Grammy-winning song "Crawling", he would appear on stage singing the second verse of the song, the outro, and harmonies Aaron Lewis provided for the Reanimation version. Cornell worked with super-producer Timbaland on his most recent album, Scream, which was released on March 10, 2009.[73] Timbaland has referred to the recording sessions as "The best work I’ve done in my career," and predicted that Cornell will be the "first rock star in the club." Cornell called the new album "a highlight of my career." The album, however has been largely panned by critics.[74][75][76] On April 2, 2009, Cornell took over Atlanta Rock station, Project 961, WKLS-FM. For 24 hours the station became "Chris-FM" and included a two hour special of Cornell DJing and playing his favorite songs of his career with the stories behind them leading up to a rebroadcast of his solo show from the previous night.[77]

Chris Cornell

Other musical projects
Temple of the Dog (1990–1992, 2003)
While still in Soundgarden, Cornell recorded an album with members of what would become Pearl Jam. This collaboration went under the name Temple of the Dog, and the self-titled album was released in 1991. The album is a tribute to their mutual friend, and Cornell’s former roommate, Andrew Wood. Wood, the former lead singer of Mother Love Bone, died of a heroin overdose the year before. Jeff Ament and Stone Gossard of Mother Love Bone teamed up with Mike McCready, Dave Krusen, and new vocalist Eddie Vedder in 1990, forming Pearl Jam. Temple of the Dog has gone on to sell more than a million copies, thanks in large part to the singles "Say Hello 2 Heaven" and "Hunger Strike", the latter of which features a duet between Cornell and Vedder. This was the first time Vedder was recorded professionally. During a 2003 Pearl Jam show at the Santa Barbara Bowl, Cornell appeared as a surprise guest. After playing a short acoustic set, Cornell joined Vedder and the rest of the band to perform "Hunger Strike" and "Reach Down".

Collaborations
From 1986 to 1987, Cornell was also a member of the satirical Western swing band Center for Disease Control Boys. Cornell worked as a producer and backing vocalist on the Screaming Trees’ 1991 album, Uncle Anesthesia. He acted in a cameo role and an onstage performance in Cameron Crowe’s 1992 Seattle-based film, Singles. He also contributed his solo song "Seasons", and Soundgarden’s song "Birth Ritual", to the Singles soundtrack. Cornell contributed vocals on the Alice in Chains song "Right Turn" from the 1992 Sap EP, as well as Alice Cooper’s "Stolen Prayer" (which he also wrote) from the 1994 album, The Last Temptation. He was also part of the project called M.A.C.C. that recorded the song "Hey Baby (New Rising Sun)" for the 1993 album, Stone Free: A Tribute to Jimi Hendrix. It was falsely indicated (for many years) that Cornell had written the song "Someone to Die For" for the 2004 Spider-Man 2 soundtrack, but this was disproved during an interview in April 2007. The song is

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Award Grammy Awards Year Nominated work 2000 "Can’t Change Me" 2008 "You Know My Name" from Casino Royale 2006 "You Know My Name" from Casino Royale 2007 "You Know My Name" from Casino Royale Category Best Song Written for a Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media[67] Best Original Song[65]

Chris Cornell
Result Nominated

Best Male Rock Vocal Performance[32] Nominated

Satellite Awards World Soundtrack Awards

Won

Best Original Song Written Directly for Won a Film[66]

performed by Jimmy Gnecco of Ours and Brian May of Queen. Cornell had recorded a version of the song sometime earlier, which was released only to members of the Eleven street team. Cornell co-wrote (with Brian Howes) David Cook’s first post-American Idol album single, "Light On", released in 2008.

albums, five EPs and a greatest hits compilation. He released three albums with Audioslave and one album with Temple of the Dog. Despite this large discography he has only released one retrospective compilation. Cornell has also produced an album for Screaming Trees and had his music featured in one mixtape.

Other work
Cornell was the face of fashion producer John Varvatos’ 2006 ad campaign. He recently became a restaurateur with the opening of his restaurant, Black Calavados, in Paris. He is also the owner of the music publishing company You Make Me Sick I Make Music.

Solo releases
• Euphoria Morning (1999) • Carry On (2007) • Scream (2009)

Soundgarden Audioslave Other appearances
• Uncle Anesthesia by Screaming Trees (1991) Temple of the Dog • Temple of the Dog (1991) Mixtapes • Chris Cornell and Prophet - Scream: The Mixtape - presented by DJ Skee (2009)

Personal life
Cornell was previously married to Susan Silver, the manager of Alice in Chains and Soundgarden. He had a daughter with Silver, Lillian Jean, in June 2000. He and Silver divorced in 2004. In December 2008, Cornell reported via his official website that he had finally won back his collection of 15 guitars after a four-year court battle with Silver.[78] He is currently married to Vicky Karayiannis (Βίκυ Καραγιάννη),[79] a Paris-based American publicist of Greek origin. She gave birth to his second daughter, Toni, in September 2004, and his third child, Christopher Nicholas, in December 2005,[80] who was baptized in March 2009 by godparents Chester Bennington of Linkin Park and his wife Talinda.

Awards and nominations References
[1] Edna Gundersen. "Chris Cornell takes another sonic shift with ’Scream’". USA Today. http://www.usatoday.com/life/ music/news/2009-03-23-cornellscream_N.htm. Retrieved on 2009-04-29. [2] Jim DeRogatis. "Chris Cornell, "Scream"". Chicago Sun-Times. http://blogs.suntimes.com/derogatis/

Discography
Chris Cornell has released three solo albums. He is best known for his work with Soundgarden, which is comprised of five

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Chris Cornell

2009/03/ [15] "Superunknown Certified Awards". IFPI chris_cornell_scream_interscop.html. Den Svenske Hitlista. Retrieved on 2009-03-14. http://www.hitlistan.se/. Retrieved on [3] "Chris Cornell Biography". 2008-02-19. barrystickets.com. [16] "Superunknown Certified Awards". NVPI. http://www.barrystickets.com/concerthttp://www.nvpi.nl/nvpi/ tickets/chris-cornell-tickets.php. pagina.asp?pagkey=60461#resultaat. [4] "Chris Cornell Biography (1964–)". Retrieved on 2008-02-19. biography.com. [17] Consideine, J.D.. "Soundgarden: http://www.biography.com/search/ Superunknown". Rolling Stone. article.do?id=278911. http://www.rollingstone.com/artists/ [5] "Fell On Black Days by Soundgarden". soundgarden/albums/album/112428/ Songfacts. http://www.songfacts.com/ review/5942536/superunknown. detail.php?id=7804. Retrieved on Retrieved on 2008-10-12. 2008-04-11. [18] Pareles, Jon. "RECORDINGS VIEW; [6] ^ Gene Stout. "As a Paris restaurateur Lightening Up On the Gloom In Grunge". and family man, life is now good for The New York Times. March 6, 1994. Audioslave rocker". Seattle PostRetrieved on March 23, 2008. Intelligencer. [19] Browne, David. "Garden Party". http://seattlepi.nwsource.com/pop/ Entertainment Weekly. 267486_cornell21.html. Retrieved on http://www.ew.com/ew/article/ 2008-02-21. 0,,301370,00.html. Retrieved on [7] George-Warren, Holly, Patricia 2008-10-12. Romanowski, and Jon Pareles. The [20] Pareles, Jon. "POP VIEW; Playing Rolling Stone Encyclopedia of Rock & Grammy Roulette". The New York Times. Roll. Rolling Stone Press. 2001. ISBN http://query.nytimes.com/gst/ 0-671-43457-8. fullpage.html?res=990CE2DD113CF935A15751C0A9 [8] Anderson, Kyle (2007). Accidental Retrieved on 2008-08-03. Revolution. New York: St. Martin’s [21] Macdonald, Patrick. "Music Notes". The Griffin. pp. 112–116. ISBN 0312358199. Seattle Times. [9] ^ "Awards Database". Los Angeles http://community.seattletimes.nwsource.com/ Times. http://theenvelope.latimes.com/ archive/ factsheets/awardsdb/env-awards-db?date=19950602&slug=2124171. search,0,7169155.htmlstory?searchtype=all&query=soundgarden. Retrieved on 2008-08-03. Retrieved on 2008-08-02. [22] "The 500 Greatest Albums of All Time". [10] "Guitar World’s (Readers Choice) Rolling Stone. Greatest 100 Guitar Albums Of All Time" http://www.rollingstone.com/features/ [11] "Changing of the Garden". coverstory/featuregen.asp?pid=2164. Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved on 2008-05-06. http://www.ew.com/ew/article/ [23] "VH1: 100 Greatest Songs of the ’90s". 0,,301554,00.html. Retrieved on VH1. http://www.vh1.com/shows/dyn/ 2008-10-12. the_greatest/127759/ [12] ^ "Gold and Platinum Database Search". episode_featured_copy.jhtml. Retrieved Recording Industry Association of on 2008-08-09. America. http://riaa.com/ [24] Turman, Katherine. "Soundgarden: goldandplatinumdata.php?table=SEARCH. Seattle’s Sonic Boom". Hypno. Retrieved on 2007-02-12. http://web.stargate.net/soundgarden/ [13] "CRIA Database Search". Canadian articles/hypno_1996.shtml. Retrieved on Recording Industry Association. 2008-10-12. http://www.cria.ca/cert_db_search.php. [25] David Browne. "Down on the Upside". Retrieved on 2008-04-04. Entertainment Weekly. [14] "Superunknown Certified Awards". http://www.ew.com/ew/article/ British Phonographic Industry. 0,,292725,00.html. Retrieved on http://www.bpi.co.uk/platinum/ 2008-10-19. platinumright.asp?rq=search_plat&r_id=3244. John Colapinto. "Soundgarden Split". [26] Retrieved on 2008-02-19. Rolling Stone. http://web.stargate.net/

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soundgarden/articles/rs_5-29-97.shtml. Retrieved on 2008-10-19. [27] "GRAMMY NOMINEES FOR OTHER ROCK AND ALTERNATIVE CATEGORIES". CNN.com. http://www.cnn.com/SHOWBIZ/9702/ grammy/other.categories/rock.html. Retrieved on 2008-08-04. [28] Gilbert, Jeff. "Sound of Silence". Guitar World. February 1998. [29] Hay, Travis. "Transcript of Exclusive Interview with Chris Cornell". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. October 15, 2005. [30] Harris, Chris. "Chris Cornell Talks Audioslave Split, Nixes Soundgarden Reunion". MTV News. http://www.mtv.com/news/articles/ 1552582/20070215/audioslave.jhtml. Retrieved on 2008-10-19. [31] "Chris Cornell Keen On Soundgarden Rarities Album". Starpulse. http://www.starpulse.com/news/ index.php/2007/08/04/ chris_cornell_keen_on_soundgarden_rariti/. Retrieved on 2007-09-03. [32] ^ "42nd Grammy Awards - 2000". Rockonthenet.com. http://www.rockonthenet.com/archive/ 2000/grammys.htm. Retrieved on 2008-02-20. [33] Moss, Corey; Parry, Heather. "Audioslave: Unshackled, Ready To Rage". MTV. http://www.mtv.com/bands/ a/audioslave/news_feature_112202/. Retrieved on 2007-08-25. [34] O’Brien, Clare. "Pushing Forward Back." Zero Magazine. September 7, 2005, Iss. 1. [35] Weiss, Neal (2001-05-22). "Rage And Cornell To Enter Studio Next Week". Yahoo! Music. http://music.yahoo.com/ read/news/12062942. Retrieved on 2007-08-25. [36] Lee, Matt (2002-12). "Stoke & Staffordshire Music – Singles review". BBC. http://www.bbc.co.uk/stoke/music/ 2002/12/singles2.shtml. Retrieved on 2007-08-25. [37] Ewing, Jerry (December 2002), "Straight Outta Rehab", Metal Hammer (108) [38] ^ Sculley, Alan. "A Career in Slavery". San Diego CityBeat. http://www.sdcitybeat.com/ article.php?id=3132. Retrieved on 2007-08-25.

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[39] "Audioslave Singer Says New Album Will Be ’One Of The Best Rock Records Ever’ Made". blabbermouth.net. 2005-04-12. http://www.roadrunnerrecords.com/ blabbermouth.net/ news.aspx?mode=Article&newsitemID=35360. Retrieved on 2007-08-25. [40] Roberts, Michael (2003-07-16). "Slave New World". Cleveland Scene. http://www.clevescene.com/2003-07-16/ music/slave-new-world. Retrieved on 2007-08-25. [41] Scaggs, Austin (2005-07-14). "Q&A: Chris Cornell". Rolling Stone. http://www.rollingstone.com/news/story/ 7482813/qa_chris_cornell. Retrieved on 2007-08-25. [42] Shetler, Scott (2005). "Music Review: Audioslave: Out Of Exile". Slant Magazine. http://www.slantmagazine.com/music/ music_review.asp?ID=591. Retrieved on 2007-08-25. [43] Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "Out of Exile Review". Allmusic. http://www.allmusic.com/cg/ amg.dll?p=amg&sql=10:gxfyxqlsldhe~T1. Retrieved on 2007-08-25. [44] Bansal, Vik (2005). "Audioslave - Out Of Exile : album review". MusicOMH. http://www.musicomh.com/albums/ audioslave.htm. Retrieved on 2007-08-25. [45] Fraenkel, Jim; Corey, Moss (2005-05-07). "Audioslave Slay Havana With Historic Show". MTV. http://www.mtv.com/news/ articles/1501463/20050507/ audioslave.jhtml. Retrieved on 2007-08-25. [46] "Audioslave visits Cuba for concert and documentary". Ithaca College. http://www.ithaca.edu/ithacan/articles/ 0511/03/accent/6audioslav.htm. Retrieved on 2008-02-21. [47] Grigoriadis, Vanessa (2005-05-10). "Airborne With Audioslave". Rolling Stone. http://www.rollingstone.com/ artists/chriscornell/articles/story/ 7295592/airborne_with_audioslave. Retrieved on 2007-08-25. [48] Hastings, John (2005-05-06). "AOL Journal - BCP Periscope - Audioslave in Cuba". AOL. http://journals.aol.com/ bloomingtoncp/news/entries/2005/05/06/ audioslave-in-cuba/1924. Retrieved on 2007-08-25.

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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[49] "Audioslave’s Chris Cornell Says He’s http://www.roadrunnerrecords.com/ Still Got The ’Original Fire’". blabbermouth.net/ blabbermouth.net. 2006-08-03. news.aspx?mode=Article&newsitemID=57170. http://www.roadrunnerrecords.com/ Retrieved on 2007-08-25. blabbermouth.net/ [59] "Slaves To The Music’". The Age. news.aspx?mode=Article&newsitemID=55995. 2006-08-25. http://www.theage.com.au/ Retrieved on 2007-08-25. news/music/slaves-to-the-music/2006/08/ [50] Rogulewski, Charley (2006-04-27). "Tom 24/1156012641945.html?page=2. Morello Swings His Hammer". Rolling Retrieved on 2008-04-28. Stone. http://www.rollingstone.com/ [60] Harris, Chris (2006-07-26). "Chris news/story/10146985/ Cornell Working On Solo LP — But tom_morello_swings_his_hammer?rnd=1146173101411&hasDismisses Rumors Of Audioslave Split". player=true&version=6.0.12.872. MTV. http://www.mtv.com/news/articles/ Retrieved on 2007-08-20. 1537179/20060726/ [51] "Chris Cornell Working On Solo LP — cornell_chris.jhtml?headlines=true. But Dismisses Rumors Of Audioslave Retrieved on 2007-08-25. Split". VH1. http://www.vh1.com/news/ [61] "Chris Cornell Talks Audioslave Split, articles/1537179/20060726/ Nixes Soundgarden Reunion". MTV. cornell_chris.jhtml. Retrieved on http://www.mtv.com/news/articles/ 2008-02-21. 1552582/20070215/audioslave.jhtml. [52] Murphy, Kevin. "Audioslave – Classic Retrieved on 2008-03-21. Rock". Kevin Murphy. [62] "Video interview with Tom Morello". http://mysite.verizon.net/res8xin8/ Toazted. 2007. http://www.toazted.com/ id23.html. Retrieved on 2007-08-25. playinterview/2245/Video-interview-with[53] Moss, Corey (2004-07-29). "Audioslave’s Tom-Morello-27.html. Retrieved on Morello Says New LP Feels Less Like 2007-08-20. Soundgarden + Rage". MTV. [63] Columbia TriStar Motion Picture Group http://www.mtv.com/news/articles/ (2006-07-26). Chris Cornell Has Written 1489715/20040726/audioslave.jhtml. and Will Perform the Main Title Song for Retrieved on 2007-08-25. CASINO ROYALE. Press release. [54] ^ Breimeier, Russ (2003). "Audioslave – http://www.prnewswire.com/cgi-bin/ Audioslave review". Christianity Today. stories.pl?ACCT=104&STORY=/www/ http://www.christianitytoday.com/music/ story/07-26-2006/0004404210&EDATE=. glimpses/2003/audioslave.html. Retrieved on 2006-07-26. Retrieved on 2007-09-23. [64] "David Arnold". David Arnold. [55] "Audioslave Comes ’Out of Exile’". http://www.davidarnold.com. Retrieved Plugged In Online. on 2006-11-17. http://www.pluggedinonline.com/ [65] ^ "2006 11th Annual SATELLITE thisweekonly/a0002248.cfm. Retrieved Awards". pressacademy.com. on 2007-08-25. http://www.pressacademy.com/ [56] "Album reviews - Audioslave - Out Of satawards/awards2006.shtml. Retrieved Exile". Virgin Media. on 2008-02-20. http://www.virginmedia.com/music/ [66] ^ "World Soundtrack Academy". reviews/albumreviews/ worldsoundtrackawards.com. audioslave_outofexile.php. Retrieved on http://www.worldsoundtrackacademy.com/ 2007-09-23. awards2.cgi?go=history&category=&year=2007&ty [57] Elfman, Doug (2005-04-14). Retrieved on 2008-08-20. "Audioslave’s Cornell given a new lease [67] ^ "50th Grammy Awards - 2008". on life". Review Journal. Rockonthenet.com. http://www.reviewjournal.com/lvrj_home/ http://www.rockonthenet.com/archive/ 2005/Apr-14-Thu-2005/living/ 2008/grammys.htm. Retrieved on 26252849.html. Retrieved on 2008-02-20. 2007-08-25. [68] "Chris Cornell solo album". Seattle Post[58] "Audioslave Frontman Cleans Up His Act Intelligencer. For ’Revelations’". blabbermouth.net. http://blog.seattlepi.nwsource.com/ 2006-08-26.

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
music/archives/105814.asp. Retrieved on 2008-03-21. [69] "Quick Hits: Chris Cornell". fmqb.com. http://fmqb.com/Article.asp?id=297588. Retrieved on 2008-03-21. [70] "Aerosmith - With Chris Cornell, The Feeling and ARCKID". Last.fm. http://www.last.fm/event/148144. Retrieved on 2008-03-21. [71] "Linkin Park Concerts - Sunday 14 October 2007 at Rod Laver Arena". Last.fm. http://www.last.fm/event/ 298450. Retrieved on 2008-03-21. [72] "A conversation with Chris Cornell". chriscornell.org.uk. http://www.chriscornell.org.uk/articles/ conversationwithchriscornell.htm. Retrieved on 2008-03-21. [73] "Chris Cornell Official site news". http://www.chriscornell.com/news/ default.aspx?nid=20104. Retrieved on 2009-01-11. [74] Spin’s 2.5 Stars, http://www.spin.com/ reviews/chris-cornell-screaminterscopemosleyreview/26414474/ scream, retrieved on 2009-04-03 [75] Rolling Stones 2-Star Review of Scream, http://www.rollingstone.com/artists/ chriscornell/albums/album/26360358/ review/26414474/scream, retrieved on 2009-04-03

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[76] 22 Things About Seattle That We Wish Were a Joke, http://www.seattleweekly.com/slideshow/ view/2151961/18, retrieved on 2009-04-03 [77] "Chris-FM". project961.com accessdate=2008-04-02. http://www.project961.com/pages/ chrisfm/chris_cornell.html. [78] ""Chris Cornell Celebrates The Return Of His Guitars"". http://www.starpulse.com/ news/index.php/2008/12/17/ chris_cornell_celebrates_the_return_of_h. [79] "Cornell Loses $30,000 in Argentine Flood". San Francisco Chronicle. http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/blogs/ sfgate/category?blogid=7&cat=1022. Retrieved on 2008-04-04. [80] "Chris Cornell’s wife has a baby". MTV. http://www.mtv.com/news/articles/ 1517554/20051206/audioslave.jhtml. Retrieved on 2008-04-11.

External links
• • • • Official website Chris Cornell at Allmusic Chris Cornell at Last.fm Chris Cornell at the Internet Movie Database

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chris_Cornell" Categories: 1964 births, American male singers, American rock guitarists, American rock singers, American singers, American songwriters, American tenors, Blue-eyed soul singers, Grunge musicians, Irish-American musicians, Jewish American musicians, Jewish singers, Living people, Musicians from Washington (U.S. state), People from Seattle, Washington, Soundgarden members, Sub Pop artists This page was last modified on 19 May 2009, at 12:59 (UTC). All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License. (See Copyrights for details.) Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a U.S. registered 501(c)(3) taxdeductible nonprofit charity. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers

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