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Annapolis_Conference

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									From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Annapolis Conference

Annapolis Conference

Delegations to the Annapolis Conference, color-coded by affiliation and/or role. Syria and Saudi Arabia were initially skeptical about participating in the conference, with Egypt, Jordan and the Palestinians meeting in Sharm el-Sheik on 22 November 2007 and calling for broad Arab attendance.[3] Saudi Arabia initially insisted that all ’core issues’ should be discussed, the most important of which are borders and Israeli settlements, the status of Jerusalem, and the Palestinian right of return, as a condition for Saudi participation. On 4 November 2007, P.M. Olmert declared that all core issues were on the Annapolis agenda.[4] The Foreign Minister of Saudi Arabia, Saud al-Faisal, finally announced on 23 November 2007 that he would participate due to the near could neither shake the hand of Ehud Olmert, nor converse with him during the summit, since he is coming for business and not for political plays,[5] while Ehud Olmert said that a hand shake is not necessary. Although the decision to attend by the Arab League states was supposedly a collective one, Syrian Foreign Minister Walid al-Moallem insisted, following the League meeting, that Syria had not yet made a decision due to uncertainty over whether the issue of the Golan Heights would be on the agenda.[6] The rebuttal re-iterated an October 2007 declaration by Syrian President Bashar al-Assad.[7][8] Syria has, however, been given informal assurances that it will be discussed.[9] On 25 November, it was announced that Deputy Foreign Minister Faisal Mekdad would attend.[10][11][12]

For the revolutionary legislature of the Colony of Maryland, see Annapolis Convention (1774-1776). For the meeting that resulted in the United States Constitutional Convention, see Annapolis Convention (1786) The Annapolis Conference was a Middle East peace conference held on November 27, 2007, at the United States Naval Academy in Annapolis, Maryland, United States. The conference marked the first time a two-state solution was articulated as the mutually agreed-upon outline for addressing the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. The conference ended with the issuing of a joint statement from all parties.

Attendees
U.S. Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice organized and hosted the conference. Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas, Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Olmert, and U.S. President George W. Bush attended the meeting.[1] A partial list of over 40 invitees was released on 20 November 2007, including China, the Arab League, Russia, the European Union and the United Nations;[2] most of whom accepted the invitation.

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Annapolis Conference
Mahmoud Abbas Salam Fayyad Benjamin Netanyahu Shimon Peres

Objectives and background
Part of the Israeli–Palestinian conflict and Arab–Israeli conflict series Israeli–Palestinian Peace Process

International Brokers Diplomatic Quartet · Arab League · Egypt

Other Proposals Arab Peace Initiative · Elon Peace Plan Lieberman Plan · Geneva Accord · Hudna Israel’s unilateral disengagement plan Israel’s realignment plan Peace-orientated projects · Peace Valley · Onestate solution
a

The Golan Heights are not part of the Israeli-Palestinian process.

Israel West Bank, Gaza Strip, Golan Heights Negotiating Parties
a

Palestinians History

Israel

Camp David Accords · Madrid Conference Oslo Accords / Oslo II · Hebron Protocol Wye River / Sharm el-Sheikh Memoranda 2000 Camp David Summit · Taba Summit Road Map · Annapolis Conference Primary Negotiation Concerns Final borders · Israeli settlements Palestinian refugees · Security concerns Status of Jerusalem · Water Secondary Negotiation Concerns Antisemitic incitements Israeli West Bank barrier · Jewish state Palestinian political violence Places of worship Current Leaders

The objectives of the conference were in an attempt to produce a substantive document on resolving the Israeli-Palestinian conflict along the lines of President George W. Bush’s Roadmap For Peace, with the eventual establishment of a Palestinian state. A draft document was leaked by Haaretz on 17 November 2007,[13] with the final and forthcoming Annapolis Joint Declaration expected to outline the scope of what will eventually be final peace talks.[14] President Abbas and P.M. Olmert had been meeting repeatedly since June 2007 to try and agree on some basic issues ahead of the summit.[15] A final round of discussions between Olmert and Abbas was held in Washington D.C. on 26 November 2007, the day prior to the conference. The conference on November 27, 2007, took place approximately 30 years after Anwar El Sadat, president of Egypt, visited Israel on November 19, 1977 to sign a peace agreement.[16] and appoximately 60 years after the newly-created United Nations approved the UN Partition Plan (United Nations General Assembly Resolution 181) on November 29, 1947, dividing Palestine (Modern day Israel and the Palestinian territories) into two states, one Arab and one Jewish. Jerusalem was to be designated an international city – a corpus separatum – administered by the UN to avoid conflict over its status.[17] The Jewish community accepted the plan,[18] but the Arab League and Arab Higher Committee rejected it.[19]

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Annapolis Conference
Annapolis,[28] drawing considerable criticism from right-wing Israeli and foreign Jewish organizations and Christian Zionists.[29][30][31] On November 27, 2007, Ovadia Yosef, the spiritual leader of the Shas party, announced that his party would leave the government coalition, thereby ending the coalition’s majority in the Knesset, if Ehud Olmert agreed to divide Jerusalem. Shas minister Eli Yishai explained: "Jerusalem is above all political considerations. I will not help enable concessions on Jerusalem."[32] Olmert’s ability to follow through on his earlier comments about concessions in East Jerusalem is therefore in question.

Positions
Americans
Secretary Rice visited the Middle East on a four day tour of shuttle diplomacy in midOctober to shore up support for the summit,[20] and hinted at the General Assembly of the United Jewish Communities (GA), in Nashville, Tennessee on November 13, 2007, that Israelis are prepared to give up the West Bank in exchange for peace.[21] This was Rice’s 8th visit to the region during the Bush Administration.

Palestinian

Opening

Mahmoud Abbas addresses the Conference Abbas stated that a clear agenda was necessary for the conference,[22] and affirmed in early October that only a Palestinian state comprising the West Bank and Gaza Strip in their entirety would be acceptable, with any permanent Israeli control of land beyond its 1967 borders subject to discussion on a oneto-one basis.[23] He further demanded that all six central issues be debated at the conference: Jerusalem, refugees and right of return, borders, settlements, water and security.[24] Abbas has said that he hoped to reach an agreement with Israel by the end of November 2007,[25] which Abbas would then put to a referendum.[26] Furthermore, he has expressed his hope that a final agreement with Israel would be possible within six months of the conference.[27] George W. Bush addresses the participants at the pre-conference dinner on November 26. Prior to the conference, President Bush met with Israeli and Palestinian leaders in the White House.[33] After meeting with Olmert and Abbas, President Bush read from a joint statement, signed by both parties, supporting a Two-State Solution. "We agreed to immediately launch good faith, bilateral negotiations in order to conclude a peace treaty resolving all outstanding issues, including core issues, without exception," and that, "The final peace settlement will establish Palestine as a homeland for the Palestinian people just as Israel is the homeland for the Jewish people."[34]

Reaction
Analysis
The Annapolis Conference differed from previous Middle East peace conferences in several respects:

Israeli
In October 2007, Prime Minister Olmert indicated that he would be willing to give parts of East Jerusalem to the Palestinians as part of a broader peace settlement at

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• This was the first time both sides (Israeli and Palestinian) entered a conference with a common understanding that the final state of Palestinian-Israeli peace will be a two-state solution. • This was the most politically fragmented that the Palestinians have been going into a conference. • This was the first time in several decades that the context of the conference did not include adversarial positions from either the United Nations or the European Union against the Israelis. Going into the conference, the U.N. and E.U. were both largely behind the U.S. effort. • Similarly, the importance of the Quartet on the Middle East has been diminished since it was first formed. At the Annapolis Conference, the U.S. played the major mediator role, with the other three members of the original Quartet assuming lower status positions.

Annapolis Conference
and [resettling] them in the countries where they came from."[41] A number of large mainstream American Jewish and Christian groups joined together with a majority of Knesset to oppose any negotiation that would include altering Jerusalem’s status. They formed the Coordinating Council on Jerusalem.

Support
Organizations that approved of the conference also mobilized and prepared to demonstrate their support for the summit.[42][43] The United Nations prepared a resolution to be adopted by the Security Council on November 30, 2007, expressing support for the outcome of the conference. The resolution was withdrawn after Israel raised complaints.[44]

See also
• One-state solution • Two state solution

Protests and boycotts
Hamas and Ali Khamenei of Iran called for a boycott of the conference,[35][36] and on November 23 Hamas held a demonstration in the Gaza Strip.[37] In the West Bank, large demonstrations opposed to the conference were quelled heavy handedly, and demonstrators were beaten by Fatah militants.[38] The president of Iran, Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, denounced the event, stating that it was "A political show for the media which is in Israel’s interest".[39] On the other hand, Jewish activists and organizations opposed to Israel’s concession in a peace settlement of any part of Jerusalem or Judea and Samaria became increasingly vocal against the Olmert government, with protests in front of Israeli embassies in New York and Washington D.C. during the summit.[40] On November 27, 2007, Rabbi Dov Lior of the Yesha Rabbis Council called an "emergency meeting" in order to discuss the upcoming conference. During the meeting, Lior stated: "No leader, in any generation, has the right to give away Eretz Israel… we call on the Jews abroad, and especially on community leaders and rabbis, to join us in our efforts against this treaty and its implications... Together, we will save the people of Israel from the government’s terrible plan." Lior further stated that peace would only be achieved by "[cleansing] the country of Arabs

References
[1] "Abbas says upcoming Mideast conference ’a new beginning’", People’s Daily, 09-29-2007. [2] Haaretz, 20 November 2007, Partial list of confirmed invitees to Annapolis peace summit [3] Egypt, Jordan, Palestinians try to sell skeptical Arabs and Islams on Annapolis conference - International Herald Tribune [4] Olmert: Core issues are on the Annapolis agenda, Haaretz, 4 November 2007 [5] Ynetnews, 26 November, 2007 [6] Yahoo News [7] "Assad sets conference conditions", BBC News, 10-01-2007. [8] BBC News [9] BBC News [10] Yahoo News [11] What’s next for Syria after Annapolis, Forward Magazine (Syria) http://www.fw-magazine.com/content/ whats-next-syria-after-annapolis [12] Miqdad: Annapolis would have been ‘impossible’ without Syria, Forward Magazine (Syria) http://www.fwmagazine.com/content/miqdadannapolis-would-have-

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Annapolis Conference

been-%E2%80%98impossible%E2%80%99-without- Jewish Week, New Coalition To [29] The syria Fight Any Jerusalem Division, Orthodox, [13] Draft, subject to approval, King David Evangelicals join forces to oppose Hotel Olmert’s intentions in advance of [14] Haaretz, 14 November 2007 Annapolis summit, James Besser, 10/18/ [15] "Abbas-Olmert meeting postponed to 2007 Wednesday", Indian Muslims, [30] Christian Broadcast Network, Is 10-01-2007. Mideast Peace Conference a Mistake? By [16] "US Announces Date for Mideast Talks", Chris Mitchell, November 13, 2007 The Associated Press, 11-20-2007 [31] IHC News, Coalition MKs, Opposition [17] Best 2003, pp. 118–9 Support United Jerusalem Bill, By Amihai [18] "History: Foreign Domination". Israel Zippor, 15 November 2007 Ministry of Foreign Affairs. 2006-10-01. [32] Yosef: Shash will quit government if http://www.mfa.gov.il/MFA/ J’lem divided, By Neta Sela, November Facts+About+Israel/History/HISTORY27, 2007 +Foreign+Domination.htm. Retrieved on [33] LA Times - Mideast Peace Conference 2007-07-06. Opens [19] Bregman 2002, p. 40–1 [34] Haaretz, 27 November 2007, Israel, PA [20] "Source: Joint Israel-PA statement to agree to reach accord by end of 2008. address ’all core issues’", Haaretz, 18 [35] "Haniya urges conference boycott", BBC October 2007 News, October 6, 2007. [21] Haaretz, 13 November 2007 [36] BBC NEWS | Middle East | Iran leader [22] "Abbas calls for clear agenda for Mideast urges summit boycott peace conference", People’s Daily, [37] http://news.yahoo.com/s/ap/20071123/ 10-01-2007. ap_on_re_mi_ea/ [23] "Abbas spells out land demand", arabs_mideast_conference 10-10-2007 [38] "[1]" [24] (German) "Hamas bietet der Fatah [39] http://www.ynetnews.com/articles/ Gespräche an", die Presse.com, 0,7340,L-3475503,00.html Ynet News 2007-11-10 article, November 25, 2007 [25] "Abbas, Olmert look into way of [40] Realistic Dove, Dan Fleshler launching final negotiations: PLO [41] Rabbi: Cleanse country of Arabs - Israel official", People’s Daily, 10-03-2007, Jewish Scene, Ynetnews [26] "Abbas to call for referendum in case [42] Rally to Protest Against The Division of deal reached with Israel:official", Jerusalem People’s Daily, 10-03-2007 [43] UPF Statement on Annapolis Peace Talks [27] "Abbas, Olmert likely to meet Tuesday: [44] Haaretz, 30 November 2007, U.S. Erekat", People’s Daily, 09-30-2007 withdraws UN Annapolis resolution after [28] New York Times, Israelis Press Plan to Israel objects Block the Division of Jerusalem, By Isabel Kershner, November 15, 2007

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Annapolis_Conference" Categories: 2007 in Syria, 2007 in Israel, Diplomatic conferences, Israeli-Palestinian peace efforts This page was last modified on 20 April 2009, at 02:01 (UTC). All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License. (See Copyrights for details.) Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a U.S. registered 501(c)(3) taxdeductible nonprofit charity. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers

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